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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708818/a-placebo-controlled-double-blind-study-demonstrates-the-clinical-efficacy-of-a-novel-herbal-formulation-for-relieving-joint-discomfort-in-human-subjects-with-osteoarthritis-of-knee
#1
Vasu Karlapudi, Anjaneya Venkata Vara Prasad Mungara, Krishanu Sengupta, Barbara A Davis, Siba Prasad Raychaudhuri
LI73014F2 is a novel composition prepared from extracts of Terminalia chebula fruit, Curcuma longa rhizome, and Boswellia serrata gum resin with synergistic benefit in 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LOX) inhibition. This herbal composition with strong anti-5-LOX activity exhibited significant pain relief as indicated through improvements in weight-bearing capacity in a monosodium iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis (OA) model of Sprague-Dawley rats. A 90-day randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind study evaluates the clinical efficacy and tolerability of LI73014F2 in the management of symptoms of OA of the knee (Clinical Trial Registration No...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673343/anti-osteoarthritic-effects-of-chondrot-in-a-rat-model-of-collagenase-induced-osteoarthritis
#2
Jiwon Jeong, Kiljoon Bae, Sun-Gil Kim, Dongwook Kwak, Young-Joo Moon, Chan-Hun Choi, Young-Ran Kim, Chang-Su Na, Seon-Jong Kim
BACKGROUND: Previously, we reported that ChondorT showed significant anti-arthritis and anti-inflammatory effects. ChondroT, a new herbal medication, consists of the water extracts of Osterici Radix, Lonicerae Folium, Angelicae Gigantis Radix, Clematidis Radix, and Phellodendri Cortex (6:4:4:4:3). The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of ChondroT in collagenase-induced osteoarthritis rat model. METHODS: Osteoarthritis was induced by the injection of collagenase into the right knee joint cavity of rats...
April 19, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619064/a-traditional-herbal-formula-xianlinggubao-for-pain-control-and-function-improvement-in-patients-with-knee-and-hand-osteoarthritis-a-multicenter-randomized-open-label-controlled-trial
#3
Fei Wang, Lei Shi, Yaonan Zhang, Kunzheng Wang, Fuxing Pei, Hanmin Zhu, Zhanjun Shi, Tianzun Tao, Zhihua Li, Ping Zeng, Xiaobing Wang, Quan Ji, Ling Qin, Qingxun Xue
Evidence of efficacy of a traditional herbal formula Xianlinggubao (XLGB) for treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) is limited. The present study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of XLGB in the management of patients with knee and hand OA. This was a multicenter, stratified, open-label, randomized controlled trial conducted at six centers in China. People aged 40 or above, diagnosed with OA of the knee or hand, were randomly assigned to the XLGB treatment group or watchful waiting control group. Main outcome measures were the changes in the numeric pain rating scales (NPRS) and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) or the Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN) scores, from baseline to 6 months...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576802/antiosteoarthritic-effects-of-chondrot-in-a-rat-model-of-monosodium-iodoacetate-induced-osteoarthritis
#4
Kil-Joon Bae, Ji-Won Jeong, Chan-Hun Choi, Jeong-Yoon Won, Tae-Gwang Kim, Young-Ran Kim, Chang-Su Na, Seon-Jong Kim
Ganghwaljetongyeum is a traditional Korean herbal medicine used to treat joint pain, limited motion, fever, and swelling; it also inhibits inflammatory processes associated with arthritis. ChondroT, a water extract of Ganghwaljetongyeum , is a new complex herbal medicine. This study investigated the effects of ChondroT using a rat model of monosodium iodoacetate- (MIA-) induced osteoarthritis. Thirty-six rats were randomly divided into three ChondroT groups and a normal, control, and positive control group...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561428/efficacy-and-safety-of-chondrot-on-knee-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-a-8-week-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-multicenter-therapeutic-exploratory-clinical-trial
#5
Sangkwan Lee, Seon-Jong Kim
BACKGROUND: Arthritis is the most common disease in elderly individuals. Many medications for osteoarthritis treatment have the potential for side effects. Using a bioinformatics tool and preclinical studies, ChondroT, 5 herbal complexes, was identified from Ganghwaljetongyeum, which is a18 herbal complex, which has often used to treat osteoarthritis. The goal of this study is to evaluate short-term safety of ChondroT. METHODS: This will be a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551051/treatment-patterns-of-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-in-korea
#6
Ha-Rim Park, Soo-Kyung Cho, Seul Gi Im, Sun-Young Jung, Dalho Kim, Eun Jin Jang, Yoon-Kyoung Sung
Background/Aims: To evaluate the treatment patterns of knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients in South Korea. Methods: Using the Korean nationwide claims database, all knee OA patients in Korea during 2014 were identified by the knee OA diagnostic code (M17) or any OA diagnostic code (M15 to M19) in combination with a procedure for a knee X-ray. Patterns of medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids (CSs), analgesics, and symptomatic slow acting drugs for OA (SYSADOA) were analyzed...
March 21, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518206/the-science-of-obesity-management-an-endocrine-society-scientific-statement
#7
George A Bray, William E Heisel, Ashkan Afshin, Michael D Jensen, William H Dietz, Michael Long, Robert F Kushner, Stephen R Daniels, Thomas A Wadden, Adam G Tsai, Frank B Hu, John M Jakicic, Donna H Ryan, Bruce M Wolfe, Thomas H Inge
The prevalence of obesity, measured by body mass index, has risen to unacceptable levels in both men and women in the United States and worldwide with resultant hazardous health implications. Genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors influence the development of obesity, and both the general public and health professionals stigmatize those who suffer from the disease. Obesity is associated with and contributes to a shortened life span, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, gout, osteoarthritis, and hepatobiliary disease, among others...
April 1, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510478/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-anti-osteoarthritis-effects-of-2-3-5-4-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-o-%C3%AE-d-glucoside-from-polygonum-multiflorum
#8
Po-Wei Tsai, Yi-Hui Lee, Lih-Geeng Chen, Chia-Jung Lee, Ching-Chiung Wang
Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. is a traditional herbal medicine that is rich in polyphenols. The major compound, 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2- O -β-d-glucoside (THSG) has many pharmacological activities, such as antioxidative and free radical-scavenging properties, and the abilities to reduce hyperlipidemia, prevent lipid peroxidation, and protect the cardiovascular system. In this study, the anti-osteoarthritis (OA) effects of THSG were explored using in vitro and in vivo models. THSG inhibited nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) production and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 expressions by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264...
March 3, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504411/inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-as-a-target-for-osteoarthritis-treatment
#9
Andreas Leonidou, Panagiotis Lepetsos, Michalis Mintzas, Eustathios Kenanidis, George Macheras, Maria Tzetis, Michael Potoupnis, Eleftherios Tsiridis
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is the enzyme responsible for the production of nitric oxide (NO), a major proinflammatory and destructive mediator in osteoarthritis (OA). Areas covered: This is a comprehensive review of the recent literature on the involvement of iNOS in osteoarthritis and its potential to be used as a target for OA treatment. Evidence from in vitro, in vivo and human studies was systematically collected using medical search engines. Preclinical studies have focused on the effect of direct and indirect iNOS inhibitors in both animal and human tissues...
April 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436996/herbal-products-for-common-auto-inflammatory-disorders-novel-approaches
#10
Shanoo Suroowan, Fawzi Mahomoodally
BACKGROUND: Common auto-inflammatory disorders (CAIDs) constitute a wide array of ailments ranging from acute allergies to chronic conditions. Globally, CAIDs remain one of the leading causes of disability and morbidity. Despite playing a leading therapeutic role, the vast profusion of anti-inflammatory synthetic agents have not been able to fully resolve a panoply of CAIDs. Additionally, contemporary synthetic therapy approaches remain bounded by a wide array of limitations essentially being adverse effects and unaffordable costs...
2018: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228594/bone-strengthening-pill-bsp-promotes-bone-cell-and-chondrocyte-repair-and-the-clinical-and-experimental-study-of-bsp-in-the-treatment-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#11
Zheng Li, Lulin Wang, Jin Wei, Liguo Zhu, Xisheng Weng, Jin Jin, Hong Xiao, Jun Zhang, Heming Wang, Guantong Shi, Lingpeng Pei, Fangde Zou, Wanqiang Zhang, Tianzun Tao, Xin Dong
About 1 in 3 people suffer from bone and joint disease, which is a disease of bone and cartilage cells. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a typical example of bone and joint disease involving bone cell necrosis. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head leads to the occurrence of premature osteoarthritis of the hip and collapse of the cartilage cells, and there is currently no effective drug treatment available. In order to study the effects of "bone-strengthening pill" (BSP) on the repair of bone and cartilage cells, we investigated the potential effects of the herbal mixture BSP in an animal model of avascular necrosis of the femoral head and in patients...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166937/a-putative-chondroprotective-role-for-il-1%C3%AE-and-mpo-in-herbal-treatment-of-experimental-osteoarthritis
#12
Nora M Aborehab, Mahitab H El Bishbishy, Abeer Refaiy, Nermien E Waly
BACKGROUND: Herbal treatment may have a chondroprotective and therapeutic effect on Osteoarthritis (OA). We investigated the mechanism of action of ginger and curcumin rhizomes cultivated in Egypt in treatment of OA in rat model. METHODS: Thirty-five albino rats were intra-articularly injected with Monosodium Iodoacetate in the knee joint. Ginger and curcumin was orally administered at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg (F200 and F400). Serum levels of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), hyaluronic acid (HA), malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and superoxide dismutase activity (SOD) were measured using ELISA...
November 22, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040066/evaluation-of-oral-multi-herbal-preparation-of-dashmoolarishta-on-mice-model-of-osteoarthritis
#13
Yashashri C Shetty, Santosh Godbharle, Smita Brahma, Sweta Salgaonkar, Nirmala N Rege
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic progressive disease commonly affecting the hip and knee joints. Although synthetic drugs are available and afford symptomatic relief, their side effects pose limitations to their continuous use. So, this research was focused on extracting drugs from indigenous medicinal plants that could have a beneficial effect on osteoarthritis. Dashmoolarishta is one such preparation whose effects have never been studied in comparison with recent drugs like hyaluronic acid (HA), hence this particular study was undertaken...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872719/oral-herbal-medicines-marketed-in-brazil-for-the-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Mariana Del Grossi Moura, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Maique Weber Biavatti, Sean Alexander Kennedy, Maria Carolina de Oliveira E Silva, Marcus Tolentino Silva, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi
Herbal medications are commonly used to manage symptoms associated with osteoarthritis (OA). This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness and safety of oral medications used in Brazil for the treatment of OA. Randomized clinical trials involving adults with OA treated by a herbal medicine or a control group were eligible. The primary outcomes measured were pain, physical function, swelling, stiffness and quality of life; and the secondary outcomes were adverse events, activity limitations and treatment satisfaction...
November 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804568/preventive-effects-of-kudzu-root-on-bone-loss-and-cartilage-degradation-in-ovariectomized-rat
#15
Yunyun Luo, Shuang Zheng, Yujia Ding, Yueqin Dai, Yi Zhou, Ruifeng Xiang, Anne C Bay-Jensen, Morten A Karsdal, Per Qvist, Qinlong Zheng
The clinical utility of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) herbs/roots extracts in osteoporosis (OP) and osteoarthritis (OA) has been described in multiple reports, but there have been few studies of TCM for preventing bone loss and cartilage degradation simultaneously. Six-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats each were subjected to ovariectomized (OVX) or sham surgery and treated orally once daily with herbal extracts or vehicle. Body weight was recorded weekly, and blood samples were collected from fasting animals at different time points...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669703/design-and-development-of-unani-anti-inflammatory-cream
#16
Sana Fatima, Roohi Zaman, Nafis Haider, Shariq Shamsi, Anzar Alam
Inflammation is the symptom of many diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Many side effects are associated with the Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) used as conventional treatment for these conditions. In Unani, there are large number of single and compound drugs for inflammatory conditions. One dosage form of Unani system of medicine is named as Zimad in which paste is formed by mixing powder in oil, water, herbal extract. Zimadat is prepared just before application and used in many disease conditions as resolving, styptic, astringent, and antiseptic...
July 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640163/mistletoe-fig-ficus-deltoidea-jack-leaf-extract-prevented-postmenopausal-osteoarthritis-by-attenuating-inflammation-and-cartilage-degradation-in-rat-model
#17
Nur Adeelah Che Ahmad Tantowi, Paisal Hussin, Seng Fong Lau, Suhaila Mohamed
OBJECTIVE: Ficus deltoidea Jack (mistletoe fig) is an ornamental plant found in various parts of the world and used as traditional herbal medicine in some countries. This study investigated the potential use of F deltoidea leaf extract to mitigate osteoarthritis (OA) in ovariectomized (estrogen-deficient postmenopausal model) rats and the mechanisms involved. Diclofenac was used for comparison. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley female rats (12 weeks old) were divided randomly into five groups (n = 6): healthy; nontreated OA; OA + diclofenac (5 mg/kg); OA + extract (200 mg/kg); and OA + extract (400 mg/kg)...
September 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602866/evaluation-of-cardiovascular-risk-associated-with-ski306x-use-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yeonju Woo, Min Kyung Hyun
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: SKI306X (Joins® ) is an anti-inflammatory analgesic herbal medicine extract that was clinically approved for treatment of osteoarthritis in the previous trials and shown to be effective on follow-up studies. However, its potential cardiovascular risk has yet to be investigated. AIM OF THE STUDY: This retrospective cohort study investigated the cardiovascular safety of SKI306X, celecoxib and naproxen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (NHIS-NSC) to investigate patients over 20 years old with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis who received a single prescription of SKI306X, celecoxib or naproxen at least once from January 1, 2011 through December 31, 2012...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497473/topical-analgesics-for-acute-and-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#19
REVIEW
Sheena Derry, Philip J Wiffen, Eija A Kalso, Rae F Bell, Dominic Aldington, Tudor Phillips, Helen Gaskell, R Andrew Moore
BACKGROUND: Topical analgesic drugs are used for a variety of painful conditions. Some are acute, typically strains or sprains, tendinopathy, or muscle aches. Others are chronic, typically osteoarthritis of hand or knee, or neuropathic pain. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the analgesic efficacy and associated adverse events of topical analgesics (primarily nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), salicylate rubefacients, capsaicin, and lidocaine) applied to intact skin for the treatment of acute and chronic pain in adults...
May 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355406/syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-induced-by-the-phytotherapy-harpagophytum-procumbers-case-report
#20
Renata Reis Carvalho, Camila Dermínio Donadel, Arthur Fernandes Cortez, Vitor Ribeiro Gomes de Almeida Valviesse, Pedro Felipe de Almeida Vianna, Bruno Bordallo Corrêa
INTRODUCTION: The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is the inability of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) suppression, compromising the mechanisms of water excretion and urinary concentration. It manifests as hyponatremia and its symptoms, especially neurological. There are many causes that trigger such disease, notably: central nervous system disorders, malignant neoplasm, drugs and others. CASE REPORT: A 65 years female hypertensive patient presented clinical and laboratory manifestations of hyponatremia due to SIADH...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
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