keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

calorie reduction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772295/cognitive-defusion-and-guided-imagery-tasks-reduce-naturalistic-food-cravings-and-consumption-a-field-study
#1
Sophie Schumacher, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
The present study investigated the effect of two craving reduction techniques, namely, cognitive defusion and guided imagery, on naturalistic food cravings. These techniques targeted the intrusion and elaboration stages of the craving process, respectively (Kavanagh, Andrade, & May, 2005). Participants underwent a seven-day baseline period followed by a seven-day intervention period, during which they recorded their food cravings as they occurred using online diaries accessed via smartphone. In the intervention period, participants were randomly assigned to one of cognitive defusion, guided imagery or control conditions...
May 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754587/impact-of-calorie-labelling-in-worksite-cafeterias-a-stepped-wedge-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial
#2
Milica Vasiljevic, Emma Cartwright, Mark Pilling, Mei-Man Lee, Giacomo Bignardi, Rachel Pechey, Gareth J Hollands, Susan A Jebb, Theresa M Marteau
BACKGROUND: For working adults, about one-third of energy is consumed in the workplace making this an important context in which to reduce energy intake to tackle obesity. The aims of the current study were first, to identify barriers to the feasibility and acceptability of implementing calorie labelling in preparation for a larger trial, and second, to estimate the potential impact of calorie labelling on energy purchased in worksite cafeterias. METHODS: Six worksite cafeterias were randomised to the intervention starting at one of six fortnightly periods, using a stepped wedge design...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753994/effect-of-intermittent-vs-daily-calorie-restriction-on-changes-in-weight-and-patient-reported-outcomes-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Kathryn C Fitzgerald, Diane Vizthum, Bobbie Henry-Barron, Amy Schweitzer, Sandra D Cassard, Eric Kossoff, Adam L Hartman, Dimitrios Kapogiannis, Patrick Sullivan, David J Baer, Mark P Mattson, Lawrence J Appel, Ellen M Mowry
An intermittent fasting or calorie restriction diet has favorable effects in the mouse forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) and may provide additional anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective advantages beyond benefits obtained from weight loss alone. We conducted a pilot randomized controlled feeding study in 36 people with MS to assess safety and feasibility of different types of calorie restriction (CR) diets and assess their effects on weight and patient reported outcomes in people with MS. Patients were randomized to receive 1 of 3 diets for 8 weeks: daily CR diet (22% daily reduction in energy needs), intermittent CR diet (75% reduction in energy needs, 2 days/week; 0% reduction, 5 days/week), or a weight-stable diet (0% reduction in energy needs, 7 days/week)...
May 5, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753026/chronic-hyperinsulinemia-promotes-meta-inflammation-and-extracellular-matrix-deposition-in-adipose-tissue-implications-of-nitric-oxide
#4
Durgesh Kumar, Kripa Shankar, Saraswati Patel, Abhishek Gupta, Salil Varshney, Sanchita Gupta, Sujith Rajan, Ankita Srivastava, Achchhe Lal Vishwakarma, Anil N Gaikwad
Various imperative studies support the notion that hyperinsulinemia (HI) itself serves as the common link between adipose tissue inflammation (ATI) and metabolic syndrome. However, the contribution of HI mediated ATI and its metabolic consequences are yet to be explored. We induced chronic HI per se in mice by administration of exogenous insulin for 8 weeks through mini-osmotic pumps. For the reduction of circulating insulin in response to excess calorie intake, we have partially ablated β-cells by using streptozotocin (STZ) in the diet-induced obesity (DIO) and genetic mice models (db/db)...
May 9, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737494/the-effect-of-moderate-weight-loss-with-or-without-1-3-1-6-%C3%AE-glucan-addition-on-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-inflammatory-gene-expression-in-young-subjects-with-uncomplicated-obesity
#5
Marek Strączkowski, Agnieszka Nikołajuk, Radosław Majewski, Remigiusz Filarski, Magdalena Stefanowicz, Natalia Matulewicz, Monika Karczewska-Kupczewska
PURPOSE: Obesity is characterized by insulin resistance and low-grade systemic and adipose tissue (AT) inflammation. It remains unclear whether beneficial effects of weight loss are related to AT inflammation. We aimed to assess the effect of weight loss during low-calorie diet on insulin sensitivity, AT expression of genes associated with inflammation in young subjects with obesity. Furthermore, we estimated the effects of immunomodulatory (1, 3)(1, 6)-β-glucan (BG) on the above parameters...
May 8, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735573/adolescent-consumption-of-sports-drinks
#6
Kyla Cordrey, Sarah A Keim, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
BACKGROUND: Sports drinks are aggressively marketed to teenagers to replenish fluids and/or electrolytes. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, typical adolescent physical activity does not require sports drink rehydration. Given US obesity rates and that sugar-sweetened sports drinks add superfluous calories to the diet, it is important to assess adolescent sports drink consumption and changes over time. METHODS: Researchers in the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey and 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey collected nationally representative samples of US high school students about sports drink consumption...
May 7, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727795/differential-effects-of-high-consumption-of-fructose-or-glucose-on-mesenteric-arterial-function-in-female-rats
#7
Sonali Shaligram, Gemma Sangüesa, Farjana Akther, Marta Alegret, Juan C Laguna, Roshanak Rahimian
We have recently shown that type of supplemented simple sugar, not merely calorie intake, determines adverse effects on metabolism and aortic endothelial function in female rats. The aim of the current study was to investigate and compare the effects of high consumption of glucose or fructose on mesenteric arterial reactivity and systolic blood pressure (SBP). Sprague-Dawley female rats were supplemented with 20% w/v glucose or fructose in drinking water for 8 weeks. Here, we show that both sugars alter insulin signaling in mesenteric arteries (MA), assessed by a reduction in phosphorylated Akt, and increase in SBP...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724529/the-effect-of-daily-fortified-yogurt-consumption-on-weight-loss-in-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-10-week-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
M Mohammadi-Sartang, N Bellissimo, J O Totosy de Zepetnek, N R Brett, S M Mazloomi, M Fararouie, A Bedeltavana, M Famouri, Z Mazloom
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity is a complex and multifaceted condition. Thus, functional foods need investigation as novel adjunct treatments for obesity. The objective was to determine the effects of daily consumption of a fortified yogurt (FY) on weight loss in overweight and obese patients with metabolic syndrome on a caloric-restricted diet. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a randomized, double-blind, 10-week study. Participants were randomly allocated to two groups receiving either two servings (2 × 250 g)/day of FY with whey protein, calcium, vitamin D, prebiotic fibre and probiotic cultures (n = 44) or a low-fat plain yogurt (PY) (n = 43)...
March 10, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705519/the-role-of-il-1-in-postprandial-fatigue
#9
Louise L Lehrskov, Emma Dorph, Andrea M Widmer, Matthias Hepprich, Judith Siegenthaler, Katharina Timper, Marc Y Donath
OBJECTIVES: Cytokines such as IL-1 seems to play a role in the pathogenesis of fatigue associated with some chronic diseases and anti-inflammatory treatment has been shown to reduce these symptoms. Ingestion of a calorie rich meal leads to postprandial fatigue, and is associated with increased systemic concentrations of cytokines, which is more pronounced in obese than lean subjects. We investigated whether postprandial fatigue is regulated by IL-1, and therefore reduced by IL-1 antagonism, in lean and obese subjects...
April 12, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704862/a-nonrestrictive-weight-loss-diet-focused-on-fiber-and-lean-protein-increase
#10
Lijuan Zhang, Sherry Pagoto, Barbara Olendzki, Gioia Persuitte, Linda Churchill, Jessica Oleski, Yunsheng Ma
OBJECTIVE: We examined the feasibility and acceptability of a non-restrictive diet that was focused on increasing dietary fiber and lean protein intake for weight loss. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed using three randomly selected 24-h dietary recalls. Fifteen obese adults enrolled in a 12-wk study that included six biweekly individual dietary counseling sessions to attain a daily goal of higher fiber (35 g/d) and lean protein (0.8 g/kg/d of individual's ideal body weight) intake...
March 22, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696385/effects-of-different-weight-loss-approaches-on-cvd-risk
#11
REVIEW
Peter M Clifton, Jennifer B Keogh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we aimed to answer the question as to whether deliberate weight loss can reduce cardiovascular events or improve cardiovascular risk factors and whether different methods of weight loss can have a differential effect on risk factor improvement. RECENT FINDINGS: It would appear that deliberate weight loss reduces total mortality by 16% in obese people with risk factors including type 2 diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes who lose at least 10% of their initial body weight reduce CVD end points by 21% with dietary weight loss while the effect is greater with the greater weight loss induced by bariatric surgery with a 32% reduction in events...
April 25, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695708/angiopoietin-like-protein-3-and-4-in-obesity-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-malnutrition-the-effect-of-weight-reduction-and-realimentation
#12
Anna Cinkajzlová, Miloš Mráz, Zdeňka Lacinová, Jana Kloučková, Petra Kaválková, Helena Kratochvílová, Pavel Trachta, Jarmila Křížová, Denisa Haluzíková, Jan Škrha, Hana Papežová, Martin Haluzík
BACKGROUND: Angiopoietin-like proteins (ANGPTLs) 3 and 4 are circulating factors that participate in the regulation of lipid and glucose metabolism. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We measured serum ANGPTL3 and 4 levels in 23 patients with obesity, 40 patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), 22 patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), 15 subjects undergoing 72-h fasting, and 12 patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS), and their changes after very-low-calorie diet (VLCD), bariatric surgery, partial realimentation, acute fasting, and parenteral nutrition in order to assess their possible role in metabolic regulations...
April 25, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678127/a-health-economic-model-to-assess-the-cost-effectiveness-of-optifast-%C3%A2-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-usa
#13
Mark Nuijten, Agnieszka Marczewska, Krysmaru Araujo Torress, Bahareh Rasouli, Moreno Perugini
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is associated with high direct medical costs and indirect costs resulting from productivity loss. High prevalence of obesity generates a justified need to identify cost-effective weight loss approaches from a payer's perspective. Within the variety of weight management techniques, OPTIFAST® is a clinically recognized and scientifically proven total meal replacement Low Calorie Diet that provides meaningful results in terms of weight loss and reduction in comorbidities...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670992/promotion-of-hand-hygiene-the-experience-of-the-orthopaedic-hospital-gaetano-pini-cto-milan-italy
#14
M Nobile, C Conti, A Bastianelli, A Piscitelli, G M Calori, P Navone
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is the primary preventive measure against health care-associated infections in terms of cost-effectiveness. In 2005, the WHO proposed the "Global Patient Safety Challenge" campaign, with the aim of reducing the overall incidence of such infections, through multimodal programs and strategies, interactive training tools and standardised methods for monitoring compliance. STUDY DESIGN: On the basis of project "Rimani", sponsored by the Health and Social Care Authority of Emilia-Romagna, the Istituto Ortopedico Gaetano Pini has implemented a project which seeks to increase healthcare staff's compliance with hand hygiene...
May 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670847/changes-of-insulin-resistance-and-adipokines-following-supplementation-with-glycyrrhiza-glabra-l-extract-in-combination-with-a-low-calorie-diet-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#15
Mohammad Alizadeh, Nazli Namazi, Elham Mirtaheri, Nafiseh Sargheini, Sorayya Kheirouri
Purpose: Adipose tissue is a highly active endocrine organ which plays a key role in energy homeostasis. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of dried licorice extract along with a calorie restricted diet on body composition, insulin resistance and adipokines in overweight and obese subjects. Methods: Sixty-four overweight and obese volunteers (27 men, 37 women) were recruited into this double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, clinical trial. Participants were randomly allocated to the Licorice (n=32) or the placebo group (n=32), and each group received a low-calorie diet with either 1...
March 2018: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669135/society-of-behavioral-medicine-position-statement-retain-school-meal-standards-and-healthy-school-lunches
#16
Joanna Buscemi, Angela Odoms-Young, Amy L Yaroch, Laura L Hayman, Bernardo Loiacono, Annie Herman, Marian L Fitzgibbon
In 2010, the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) altered nutrition standards in the U.S. National School Lunch Program in an attempt to promote healthy eating and improve children's overall health. However, it was reported that these nutrition standard changes were leading to lower consumption of meals and an increase in plate waste. Initial research was unable to validate these reports. Despite these unsubstantiated claims, the U.S. Department of Agriculture released a proposal to roll back some of the nutritional standards implemented by the HHFKA in 2017...
April 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668112/pharmacogenetic-manipulation-of-the-nucleus-accumbens-alters-binge-like-alcohol-drinking-in-mice
#17
Kush Purohit, Puja K Parekh, Joseph Kern, Ryan W Logan, Zheng Liu, Yanhua Huang, Colleen A McClung, John C Crabbe, Angela R Ozburn
BACKGROUND: Chronic alcohol intake leads to long-lasting changes in reward- and stress-related neuronal circuitry. The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is an integral component of this circuitry. Here, we investigate the effects of DREADDs (Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs) on neuronal activity in the NAc and binge-like drinking. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice were stereotaxically injected with AAV2 hSyn-HA hM3Dq, -hM4Di, or -eGFP bilaterally into NAc [core + shell, core or shell]...
April 18, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660810/sensory-profile-drivers-of-liking-and-influence-of-information-on-the-acceptance-of-low-calorie-synbiotic-and-probiotic-chocolate-ice-cream
#18
Juliana Peres, Erick Esmerino, Alessandra Lins da Silva, Ilana Racowski, Helena Bolini
The objective of this study was to evaluate the sensory profile and the influence of the information on the acceptance of the symbiotic chocolate ice cream made with sucrose and different sweeteners (aspartame, sucralose, neotame, Stevia with 60%, 85%, 95%, and 97% of rebaudioside A) through analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey's test, and partial least of square (PLS) regression. Quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) was carried out by 18 assessors, who evaluated the samples in relation to the raised descriptors...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659687/obesity-interventions-for-older-adults-diet-as-a-determinant-of-physical-function
#19
Connie W Bales, Kathryn N Porter Starr
Throughout the world, a high prevalence of obesity in older populations has created a new phenotype of frailty: the obese, functionally frail older adult. The convergence of the obesity epidemic with global graying will undoubtedly increase the prevalence of this concern. Barriers to treatment include ambiguities about the appropriate level of obesity that should trigger an intervention, due to age-related physiologic changes and a lack of consensus on specific criteria and cutoffs. Moreover, obesity interventions for this population have been limited by concerns about negative effects on lean mass, bone mineral density, and even mortality...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657203/the-development-of-malnutrition-is-not-dependent-on-its-traditional-contributing-factors-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis-in-developing-countries
#20
Syed Rizwan Ali Bokhari, Mirza Ameer Faizan Ali, Syed Arsalan Khalid, Bushra Iftikhar, Hafiz Ijaz Ahmad, Ahlam Safdar Hussain, Usman Yaqoob
Malnutrition in dialysis population is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Nutritional assessment is a neglected area in hemodialysis (HD) patients in developing countries. The aim of the study was to find out whether any traditional parameters have statistically significant correlation with malnutrition. All 58 end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance HD in our dialysis unit were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The nutritional status was assessed by a predesigned questionnaire including subjective global assessment (SGA)...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
keyword
keyword
114907
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"