keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

calorie reduction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339986/seeking-optimal-nutrition-for-healthy-body-mass-reduction-among-former-athletes
#1
Dominika Maciejewska, Małgorzata Michalczyk, Maja Czerwińska-Rogowska, Marcin Banaszczak, Karina Ryterska, Karolina Jakubczyk, Jakub Piotrwski, Joanna Hołowko, Arleta Drozd, Paweł Wysokińki, Krzysztof Ficek, Krzysztof Wilk, Anna Lubkowska, Paweł Cięszczyk, Jerzy Bertrand, Ewa Stachowska
The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of 6 week Mediterranean diet or 30% calorie restriction on the fatty acid profile and eicosanoids (hydroxyoctadecadienoi acids and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids) concentration. Furthermore, basic biochemical variables such as insulin, glucose, HOMA-IR, and a lipid profile were estimated. The study enrolled 94 Caucasian former athletes aged 20-42, with body height of 179 ± 16.00 cm and body mass of 89.26 ± 13.25 kg who had not been active for at least 5 years...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320971/the-effect-of-nutritional-intervention-on-the-lipid-profile-and-dietary-intake-of-adolescents-with-juvenile-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
S G L da Silva, M T Terreri, T T O Abad, D Machado, F L A Fonseca, S Hix, F I Suano-Souza, R O S Sarni, C A Len
Objective This study sought to evaluate the effects of a nutritional intervention on the lipid metabolism biomarkers associated with cardiovascular risk, and their variation over time, in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) patients. This study also investigated the relationships between these biomarkers and dietary intake, nutritional status, disease variables, and medication used. Methods A total of 31 10- to 19-year-old female adolescents with JSLE for at least six months were analyzed. The participants were randomly allocated to two groups: nutritional intervention or control...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313746/comparison-of-calorie-restricted-diet-and-resveratrol-supplementation-on-anthropometric-indices-metabolic-parameters-and-serum-sirtuin-1-levels-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Somayyeh Asghari, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Mohammad-Hossein Somi, Seyed-Mostafa Ghavami, Maryam Rafraf
OBJECTIVE: There is a promising perspective regarding the potential effect of resveratrol in preventing and treating metabolic disturbances similar to that of calorie restriction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of calorie-restricted (CR) diet on metabolic parameters and then to investigate whether resveratrol supplementation has beneficial effects similar to CR diet in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in 90 patients with NAFLD (males and females) aged 20 to 60 years with body mass index (BMI) ranging from 25 to 35 kg/m2...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305401/changes-in-gut-microbiota-related-metabolites-and-long-term-successful-weight-loss-in-response-to-weight-loss-diets-the-pounds-lost-trial
#4
Yoriko Heianza, Dianjianyi Sun, Steven R Smith, George A Bray, Frank M Sacks, Lu Qi
OBJECTIVE: Adiposity and the gut microbiota are both related to the risk of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to comprehensively examine how changes induced by a weight-loss diet intervention in gut microbiota-related metabolites, such as trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) and its precursors (choline and l-carnitine), were associated with improvements in adiposity and regional fat deposition. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study included 510 overweight and obese individuals who were randomly assigned one of four diets varying in macronutrient intake...
January 5, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288545/a-randomized-trial-of-lorcaserin-and-lifestyle-counseling-for-maintaining-weight-loss-achieved-with-a-low-calorie-diet
#5
Jena Shaw Tronieri, Thomas A Wadden, Robert I Berkowitz, Ariana M Chao, Rebecca L Pearl, Naji Alamuddin, Sharon M Leonard, Ray Carvajal, Zayna M Bakizada, Emilie Pinkasavage, Kathryn A Gruber, Olivia A Walsh, Nasreen Alfaris
OBJECTIVE: Improving the maintenance of lost weight remains a critical challenge, which can be addressed by long-term behavioral and/or pharmacological interventions. METHODS: This study investigated the efficacy of combined behavioral and pharmacological treatment in facilitating weight loss maintenance (WLM) in 137 adults (86.1% female; 68.6% black; BMI = 37.0 ± 5.6 kg/m2 ) who had lost ≥ 5% of initial weight during a 14-week low-calorie diet (LCD) program (mean = 9...
December 29, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286319/cellular-and-molecular-mechanisms-underlying-non-pharmaceutical-ischemic-stroke-therapy-in-aged-subjects
#6
REVIEW
Raluca Elena Sandu, Danut Dumbrava, Roxana Surugiu, Daniela-Gabriela Glavan, Andrei Gresita, Eugen Bogdan Petcu
The incidence of ischemic stroke in humans increases exponentially above 70 years both in men and women. Comorbidities like diabetes, arterial hypertension or co-morbidity factors such as hypercholesterolemia, obesity and body fat distribution as well as fat-rich diet and physical inactivity are common in elderly persons and are associated with higher risk of stroke, increased mortality and disability. Obesity could represent a state of chronic inflammation that can be prevented to some extent by non-pharmaceutical interventions such as calorie restriction and hypothermia...
December 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276399/effects-of-a-proposed-physical-activity-and-diet-control-to-manage-constipation-in-middle-aged-obese-women
#7
Sayed A Tantawy, Dalia M Kamel, Walid Kamal Abdelbasset, Hany M Elgohary
Background: Obesity is very common worldwide and is related to critical morbidity and mortality. It has a large number of impacts on the human body. Constipation has a prevalence from 4% to 29% in various parts of the world and is considered to be a major health problem, with an estimated incidence of 5% in males and 15% in females. There is a strong association between obesity and constipation. This study aimed to investigate the effect of physical activity and a low-calorie diet on constipation in middle-aged obese women...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239795/effects-of-very-low-calorie-diets-on-liver-size-and-weight-loss-in-the-preoperative-period-of-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Mariana Holderbaum, Daniela Schaan Casagrande, Samanta Sussenbach, Caroline Buss
Restrictive diet implementation in bariatric surgery (BS) preoperative period is common, although its benefits are not well established. This study aimed to assess the effects of very low calorie diets (VLCD) on liver size and weight loss during BS preoperative period. Surgery-related complications were also assessed. A systematic review of the literature was performed. Terms such as "bariatric surgery" and "very low energy diet" were included in the search strategy. Inclusion criteria were adult patients (aged>18 yr); VLCD treatment in BS preoperative period (10 d to 12 wk); and assessment of 1 the following outcomes: weight loss, liver volume reduction, and surgical complications...
October 2, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236165/polyphenol-rich-curry-made-with-mixed-spices-and-vegetables-benefits-glucose-homeostasis-in-chinese-males-polyspice-study-a-dose-response-randomized-controlled-crossover-trial
#9
Sumanto Haldar, Siok Ching Chia, Sze Han Lee, Joseph Lim, Melvin Khee-Shing Leow, Eric Chun Yong Chan, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
PURPOSE: To investigate acute effects of two doses of a polyphenol-rich curry made with seven different spices and four base vegetables, eaten with white rice, on 24 h glucose response, postprandial insulinemia, triglyceridemia and 24 h urinary total polyphenol excretion (TPE). METHODS: Randomized, controlled, dose-response crossover trial in healthy, Chinese men [n = 20, mean ± standard deviation (SD) age 23.7 ± 2.30 years, BMI 23.0 ± 2.31 kg/m2] who consumed test meals matched for calories, macronutrients and total vegetables content, consisting either Dose 0 Control (D0C) or Dose 1 Curry (D1C) or Dose 2 Curry (D2C) meal...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217942/the-association-between-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-liver-enzymes-aspartate-and-alanine-transaminases-in-tehran-iran
#10
Mehdi Mollahosseini, Elnaz Daneshzad, Mohammad Hossein Rahimi, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Zhila Maghbooli, Khadijeh Mirzaei
Background: Intake of fiber and antioxidants and following hypocaloric diets has beneficial effects on reduction of the liver enzymes. Fruits and vegetables are low in calorie and rich in fiber and antioxidants. There are few studies about special dietary effects on liver function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between fruit and vegetables intake and liver function enzymes. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 265 Tehrani healthy adults...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212021/nutritive-post-ingestive-signals-are-the-primary-regulators-of-agrp-neuron-activity
#11
Zhenwei Su, Amber L Alhadeff, J Nicholas Betley
The brain regulates food intake by processing sensory cues and peripheral physiological signals, but the neural basis of this integration remains unclear. Hypothalamic, agouti-related protein (AgRP)-expressing neurons are critical regulators of food intake. AgRP neuron activity is high during hunger and is rapidly reduced by the sight and smell of food. Here, we reveal two distinct components of AgRP neuron activity regulation: a rapid but transient sensory-driven signal and a slower, sustained calorie-dependent signal...
December 5, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209439/comparative-study-of-probiotic-effects-of-lactobacillus-and-bifidobacteria-strains-on-cholesterol-levels-liver-morphology-and-the-gut-microbiota-in-obese-mice
#12
Rostyslav V Bubnov, Lidiia P Babenko, Liudmyla M Lazarenko, Viktoria V Mokrozub, Oleksandr A Demchenko, Oleksiy V Nechypurenko, Mykola Ya Spivak
Background: Microbiome-modulating interventions are promising for treatment and prevention of metabolic syndrome. The number of probiotic strains demonstrated ability to decrease cholesterol level in vivo, however, it was poorly confirmed in a clinical setting. The aim was to study the effects of L. acidophilus IMV B-7279, L. casei IMV B-7280, B. animalіs VKL and B. animalіs VKB separately and in various compositions on the level of serum cholesterol, gut microbiota contents and liver morphology on a high-calorie-induced obesity model in BALB/c mice...
December 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207471/nuts-and-human-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Rávila Graziany Machado de Souza, Raquel Machado Schincaglia, Gustavo Duarte Pimentel, João Felipe Mota
There has been increasing interest in nuts and their outcome regarding human health. The consumption of nuts is frequently associated with reduction in risk factors for chronic diseases. Although nuts are high calorie foods, several studies have reported beneficial effects after nut consumption, due to fatty acid profiles, vegetable proteins, fibers, vitamins, minerals, carotenoids, and phytosterols with potential antioxidant action. However, the current findings about the benefits of nut consumption on human health have not yet been clearly discussed...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206237/one-year-follow-up-after-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-130-g-day-low-carbohydrate-diet-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-poor-glycemic-control
#14
Junko Sato, Akio Kanazawa, Chie Hatae, Sumiko Makita, Koji Komiya, Tomoaki Shimizu, Fuki Ikeda, Yoshifumi Tamura, Takeshi Ogihara, Tomoya Mita, Hiromasa Goto, Toyoyoshi Uchida, Takeshi Miyatsuka, Chie Ohmura, Takehito Watanabe, Kiyoe Kobayashi, Yoshiko Miura, Manami Iwaoka, Nao Hirashima, Hirotaka Watada
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recently, we conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) showing that a 6-month 130g/day low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) reduced HbA1c and BMI more than a calorie restricted diet (CRD). [1] To assess whether the benefits of the LCD persisted after the intensive intervention, we compared HbA1c and BMI between the LCD and CRD groups at 1 year after the end of the 6-month RCT. METHODS: Following the end of the 6-month RCT, patients were allowed to manage their own diets with periodic outpatient visits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203655/evaluating-the-environmental-impacts-of-dietary-recommendations
#15
Paul Behrens, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Thijs Bosker, João F D Rodrigues, Arjan de Koning, Arnold Tukker
Dietary choices drive both health and environmental outcomes. Information on diets come from many sources, with nationally recommended diets (NRDs) by governmental or similar advisory bodies the most authoritative. Little or no attention is placed on the environmental impacts within NRDs. Here we quantify the impact of nation-specific NRDs, compared with an average diet in 37 nations, representing 64% of global population. We focus on greenhouse gases (GHGs), eutrophication, and land use because these have impacts reaching or exceeding planetary boundaries...
December 4, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202850/objectively-assessed-physical-activity-and-weight-change-in-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Jessica L Unick, Wei Lang, Samantha E Williams, Dale S Bond, Caitlin M Egan, Mark A Espeland, Rena R Wing, Deborah F Tate
BACKGROUND: Reductions in physical activity (PA) are common throughout young adulthood and low PA is associated with weight gain. The SNAP Trial previously reported that two self-regulation approaches to weight gain prevention reduced weight gain over a 2-year period in 18-35 year olds. Presented here are secondary analyses examining changes in PA and the relationship between PA and weight change over 2 years. METHODS: 599 young adults (age: 27.4 ± 4.4 yrs...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193665/provitamin-a-biofortification-of-cassava-enhances-shelf-life-but-reduces-dry-matter-content-of-storage-roots-due-to-altered-carbon-partitioning-into-starch
#17
Getu Beyene, Felix R Solomon, Raj Deepika Chauhan, Eliana Gaitán-Solis, Narayanan Narayanan, Jackson Gehan, Dimuth Siritunga, Robyn L Stevens, John Jifon, Joyce Van Eck, Edward Linsler, Malia Gehan, Muhammad Ilyas, Martin Fregene, Richard T Sayre, Paul Anderson, Nigel J Taylor, Edgar B Cahoon
Storage roots of cassava, a major subsistence crop of sub-Saharan Africa, are calorie-rich but deficient in essential micronutrients, including provitamin A β-carotene. In this study, β-carotene concentrations in cassava storage roots were enhanced by co-expression of transgenes for deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase (DXS) and bacterial phytoene synthase (crtB), mediated by the patatin type-1 promoter. Storage roots harvested from field-grown plants accumulated carotenoids to ≤50 μg/g DW, 15- to 20-fold increases relative to roots from non-transgenic plants...
November 28, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187048/multitargeted-feeding-strategies-improve-nutrition-outcome-and-are-associated-with-reduced-pneumonia-in-a-level-1-trauma-intensive-care-unit
#18
Jenny C Lee, George W Williams, Rosemary A Kozar, Lillian S Kao, Krislynn M Mueck, Andrew D Emerald, Natacha C Villegas, Laura J Moore
BACKGROUND: Factors impeding delivery of adequate enteral nutrition (EN) to trauma patients include delayed EN initiation, frequent surgeries and procedures, and postoperative ileus. We employed 3 feeding strategies to optimize EN delivery: (1) early EN initiation, (2) preoperative no nil per os feeding protocol, and (3) a catch-up feeding protocol. This study compared nutrition adequacy and clinical outcomes before and after implementation of these feeding strategies. METHODS: All trauma patients aged ≥18 years requiring mechanical ventilation for ≥7 days and receiving EN were included...
March 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175441/emotional-ratings-of-high-and-low-calorie-food-are-differentially-associated-with-cognitive-restraint-and-dietary-restriction
#19
Sarah E Racine
Dietary restraint is a robust risk factor for binge eating and eating disorders, which may partially result from increased reward reactivity to food in individuals who attempt to diet. However, research examining the association between dietary restraint and reactivity to food cues is mixed. Mixed findings may reflect distinct relations between food cue reactivity and different dimensions of dietary behavior; attempts to diet (cognitive restraint) may be associated with increased positive evaluations of food, whereas actual reduction in food intake (dietary restriction) may be achieved through decreased reactivity to food cues...
November 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159015/meals-for-good-an-innovative-community-project-to-provide-healthy-meals-to-children-in-early-care-and-education-programs-through-food-bank-catering
#20
Leah R Carpenter, Teresa M Smith, Katherine Stern, Lisa Weissenburger-Moser Boyd, Cristy Geno Rasmussen, Kelly Schaffer, Julie Shuell, Karen Broussard, Amy L Yaroch
Innovative approaches to childhood obesity prevention are warranted in early care and education (ECE) settings, since intervening early among youth is recommended to promote and maintain healthy behaviors. The objective of the Meals for Good pilot was to explore feasibility of implementing a food bank-based catering model to ECE programs to provide more nutritious meals, compared to meals brought from home (a parent-prepared model). In 2014-2015, a 12-month project was implemented by a food bank in central Florida in four privately-owned ECE programs...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
keyword
keyword
114907
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"