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Esophageal Candida

Anna Kurayev, Alice B Gottlieb
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case in which a patient developed Candida esophagitis (CE) after treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD) with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for 22 months. CASE SUMMARY: A 59-year-old Caucasian female with long-standing history of AD successfully treated with MMF presented to the dermatology clinic for follow-up appointment with 3 months' history of projectile vomiting, choking, and trouble swallowing. Patient underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) that demonstrated whitish plaques in esophagus consistent with CE, which was confirmed by biopsy and cytology...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Judith M Martin, Mercedes Macias-Parra, Peter Mudry, Umberto Conte, Jean L Yan, Ping Liu, M Rita Capparella, Jalal A Aram
BACKGROUND: Data on safety and efficacy of voriconazole for invasive aspergillosis (IA) and invasive candidiasis/esophageal candidiasis (IC/EC) in pediatric patients are limited. METHODS: Patients aged 2-<18 years with IA and IC/EC were enrolled in two prospective open-label, non-comparative studies of voriconazole. Patients followed dosing regimens based on age, weight, and indication, with adjustments permitted. Treatment duration was 6-12 weeks for IA patients, ≥14 days after last positive Candida culture for IC patients, and ≥7 days after signs/symptoms resolution for EC patients...
September 15, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Isabela Haddad Peron, Franqueline Reichert-Lima, Ariane Fidelis Busso-Lopes, Cristiane Kibune Nagasako, Luzia Lyra, Maria Luiza Moretti, Angelica Zaninelli Schreiber
Candida albicans caused 44% of the overall candidemia episodes from 2006 to 2010 in our university tertiary care hospital. As different antifungal agents are used in therapy and also immunocompromised patients receive fluconazole prophylaxis in our institution, this study aimed to perform an antifungal susceptibility surveillance with the C.albicans bloodstream isolates and to characterize the fluconazole resistance in 2 non-blood C.albicans isolates by sequencing ERG11 gene. The study included 147 C. albicans bloodstream samples and 2 fluconazole resistant isolates: one from oral cavity (LIF 12560 fluconazole MIC: 8μg/mL) and one from esophageal cavity (LIF-E10 fluconazole MIC: 64μg/mL) of two different patients previously treated with oral fluconazole...
2016: PloS One
Mohammad Reza F Aghdam, Ståle Sund
BACKGROUND Invasive candidiasis is a potential problem for patients receiving long-term immunosuppressive treatment. Psoriatic arthritis is one of many chronic diseases that can be successfully treated with immunosuppressive drugs, in spite of a documented and accepted risk for infectious complications. Critical awareness of possible infection must be part of the surveillance of such patients. CASE REPORT This is the case of a 68-year-old Norwegian male, treated with long-term immunosuppression for psoriatic arthritis, hospitalized with acute subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema of unknown cause...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Deepak K Kadayakkara, Angela Candelaria, Ye Eun Kwak, Caroline Loeser
Herpes simplex esophagitis (HSE) is commonly identified in immunosuppressed patients. It is rare among immunocompetent patients and almost all of the reported cases are due to HSV-1 infection. HSV-2 esophagitis is extremely rare. We report the case of a young immunocompetent male who presented with dysphagia, odynophagia, and epigastric pain. Endoscopy showed multitudes of white nummular lesions in the distal esophagus initially suspected to be candida esophagitis. However, classic histopathological findings of multinucleated giant cells with eosinophilic intranuclear inclusions and positive HSV-2 IgM confirmed the diagnosis of HSV-2 esophagitis...
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
A Ambrosch
Mediastinitis occurs as a severe complication of thoracic and cardiac surgical interventions and is the result of traumatic esophageal perforation, conducted infections or as a result of lymphogenic and hematogenic spread of specific infective pathogens. Treatment must as a rule be accompanied by antibiotics, whereby knowledge of the spectrum of pathogens depending on the pathogenesis is indispensable for successful antibiotic therapy. Polymicrobial infections with a high proportion of anaerobes are found in conducted infections of the mediastinum and after esophageal perforation...
June 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Claudia Stuehler, Claudia Bernardini, Luigia Elzi, Marcel Stoeckle, Stefan Zimmerli, Hansjakob Furrer, Huldrych F Günthard, Salomé Leibundgut-Landmann, Manuel Battegay, Nina Khanna
OBJECTIVE: Candida esophagitis belongs to the most common AIDS-defining diseases; however, a comprehensive immune pathogenic concept is lacking. DESIGN: We investigated the immune status of 37 HIV-1-infected patients from the Swiss HIV cohort study at diagnosis of Candida esophagitis, 1 year before, 1 year later and after 2 years of suppressed HIV RNA. We compared these patients with three groups: 37 HIV-1-infected patients without Candida esophagitis but similar CD4 cell counts as the patients at diagnosis (advanced HIV group), 15 HIV-1-infected patients with CD4 cell counts higher than 500 cells/μl, CD4 cell nadirs higher than 350 cells/μl and suppressed HIV RNA under combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) (early cART group) and 20 healthy individuals...
July 31, 2016: AIDS
Philip Bolduc, Navid Roder, Emily Colgate, Sarah H Cheeseman
Care of patients with HIV infection starts with diagnosis as soon as possible, preferably at or near the time of acute infection. Opportunistic infections, malignancies, and other conditions develop progressively over time, particularly in untreated patients. The AIDS-defining opportunistic infections most common in the United States include Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, Candida esophagitis, toxoplasmic encephalitis, tuberculosis, disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex, cryptococcal meningitis, and cytomegalovirus retinitis...
April 2016: FP Essentials
M N Gamaletsou, M Drogari-Apiranthitou, D W Denning, N V Sipsas
Data on the epidemiology of serious fungal infections in Greece are scarce. Our aim was to calculate the burden of serious fungal diseases in Greece. A thorough literature search for papers reporting epidemiological data on serious fungal diseases in Greece was performed. Where no Greek data existed, we used a structured set of assumptions to estimate fungal disease burden, based on specific high-risk populations. Of the 10.8 million population, 85.5 % are adults and 27 % are over 60 years of age. The annual fungal disease estimates are as follows: 142,337 Greek women get recurrent vaginal thrush (2,632 cases/100,000 females); there are 889 cases of esophageal candidiasis (8...
July 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Kyung Jae Lee, Shin Jie Choi, Woo Sun Kim, Sung-Sup Park, Jin Soo Moon, Jae Sung Ko
Esophageal candidiasis is commonly seen in immunocompromised patients; however, candida esophagitis induced stricture is a very rare complication. We report the first case of esophageal stricture secondary to candidiasis in a glycogen storage disease (GSD) 1b child. The patient was diagnosed with GSD type 1b by liver biopsy. No mutation was found in the G6PC gene, but SLC37A4 gene sequencing revealed a compound heterozygous mutation (p.R28H and p.W107X, which was a novel mutation). The patient's absolute neutrophil count was continuously under 1,000/µL when he was over 6 years of age...
March 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
David Williams, Gordon Leslie, Dimitrios Kyriazis, Benjamin O'Donovan, Joanne Bowes, John Dingley
Introduction. Burns patients are vulnerable to hyperthermia due to sepsis and SIRS and to hypothermia due to heat loss during excision surgery. Both states are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We describe the first use of a novel esophageal heat exchange device in combination with a heater/cooler unit to manage perioperative hypothermia and postoperative pyrexia. Material and Methods. The device was used in three patients with full thickness burns of 51%, 49%, and 45% body surface area to reduce perioperative hypothermia during surgeries of >6 h duration and subsequently to control hyperthermia in one of the patients who developed pyrexia of 40°C on the 22nd postoperative day due to E...
2016: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
Kuo-Hsin Chen, Meng-Tzu Weng, Yueh-Hung Chou, Yueh-Feng Lu, Chen-Hsi Hsieh
Sorafenib followed by fractionated radiotherapy (RT) has been shown to decrease the phagocytic and candidacidal activities of antifungal agents due to radiosensitization. Moreover, sorafenib has been shown to suppress the immune system, thereby increasing the risk for candida colonization and infection. In this study, we present the 2 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients suffered from epigastric distress caused by esophageal candidiasis who received sorafenib plus RT. Two patients who had received sorafenib and RT for HCC with bone metastasis presented with hiccups, gastric ulcer, epigastric distress, anorexia, heart burn, and fatigue...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Nitin K Ahuja, John O Clarke
Among the many inflammatory processes that may account for esophageal symptoms, infection represents an important etiologic category with numerous clinically relevant subdivisions. While features of the history and physical exam are informative, diagnosis often hinges on endoscopic visualization and histopathologic analysis. This chapter will review in series the most clinically relevant causative agents for infectious esophagitis, with specific diagnostic and therapeutic features of note divided into one of two immune milieus...
March 2016: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
M E Ahmed, M S Elfeil, I A Ali, M I Abdelrahim, A A Tamim, M K Khalid
Dysphagia following cardiac surgery is a frequently encountered problem, being most commonly due to the sternotomy incision and/or prolonged intubation. Oesophageal candidiasis is an increasing problem that is usually associated with immunosuppression or immunodeficiency. We report a 59 years age, immunocompetent lady whom had developed dysphagia and odynophagia following open cardiac surgery and long term course of antibiotics. Diagnosis of Candida oesophagitis was established after radiological, endoscopic and microbiological evidence, and successful treatment with combined topical and systemic antifungal therapy was achieved...
July 2012: East African Medical Journal
Shiro Hatanaka, Itaru Nakamura, Shinji Fukushima, Kiyofumi Ohkusu, Tetsuya Matsumoto
Lodderomyces elongisporus is known to cause infrequent bloodstream infections and has been isolated from Asia and Mexico. We encountered a catheter-related blood stream infection, which involved some risk factors, due to L. elongisporus masquerading as Candida parapsilosis. A 39-year-old man who received a total arch and thoracoabdominal aortic replacement was admitted under the diagnosis of aorto-esophageal fistula. After thoracic drainage for aorto-esophageal fistula, catheter-related blood stream infection was diagnosed...
January 8, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Yui Terayama, Tetsuro Matsuura, Masayuki Uchida, Isao Narama, Kiyokazu Ozaki
Oral and esophageal candidiasis sometimes leads to mucosal hyperplasia, and progresses to carcinoma. We have produced an animal model for hyperplastic mucosal candidiasis in the forestomach that has a proliferative lesion of the squamous epithelium with chronic inflammation and C. albicans infection, some of which advanced to squamous cell carcinoma. There are many reports of the antibacterial effects of probiotics, but consensus about their antifungal effect has not been reached. In the present study, we investigate whether probiotic (yogurt) containing Lactobacillus gasseri OLL2716 (LG21 yogurt) can prevent proliferative and inflammatory changes caused by C...
June 2016: Histology and Histopathology
Christina M Guerra, Richard N Formica, Sanjay Kulkarni, William S Asch, Eric M Tichy
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of 2 strategies that use nystatin to prevent thrush and Candida esophagitis in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of adult kidney transplant recipients at our center, where the protocol for prophylaxis against fungal infection was changed in March 2013. Before the protocol change, kidney transplant recipients received nystatin for 1 month (before group) and after the change they received nystatin for the duration of admission (after group)...
December 2015: Progress in Transplantation
Keivan Kiakojuri, Mehdi Dehghan, Mohammad Reza Hasanjani Roushan, Bijan Pourdahash
BACKGROUND: Focal laryngeal candidiasis is not reported widely and is very infrequently recognized clinically. This disease is rare and may occur after pulmonary, pharyngeal and esophageal candidiasis or as part of disseminated disease. It is also secondary to inhaled steroid therapy which is usually mild and has been reported in 10-15 percent of patients taking these medications. CASE PRESENTATION: In this study, we introduced a rare case of laryngeal candidiasis in a 79-year-old immunocompromised male presented with 17 months of progressive hoarseness...
2015: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Yuta Takahashi, Naoyoshi Nagata, Takuro Shimbo, Takeshi Nishijima, Koji Watanabe, Tomonori Aoki, Katsunori Sekine, Hidetaka Okubo, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Toshiyuki Sakurai, Chizu Yokoi, Akio Mimori, Shinichi Oka, Naomi Uemura, Junichi Akiyama
Upper gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are common in both HIV and non-HIV-infected patients, but the difference of GI symptom severity between 2 groups remains unknown. Candida esophagitis and erosive esophagitis, 2 major types of esophagitis, are seen in both HIV and non-HIV-infected patients, but differences in GI symptoms that are predictive of esophagitis between 2 groups remain unknown. We aimed to determine whether GI symptoms differ between HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected patients, and identify specific symptoms of candida esophagitis and erosive esophagitis between 2 groups...
November 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Teja Munshi, Carolyn J Heckman, Susan Darlow
BACKGROUND: With the growing popularity of waterpipe smoking (WPS), it is important to understand how WPS may impact health. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature to identify potential health effects of WPS, specifically on the head and neck region. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors systematically reviewed published articles that focused on WPS and head and neck conditions identified from the following databases: PubMed and MEDLINE, PsycInfo, and Google Scholar...
October 2015: Journal of the American Dental Association
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