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Patient warming

Stanley A Terman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Daniel W Birch, Jerry T Dang, Noah J Switzer, Namdar Manouchehri, Xinzhe Shi, Ghassan Hadi, Shahzeer Karmali
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypothermia during both open and laparoscopic abdominal surgery may be associated with adverse events. For laparoscopic abdominal surgery, the use of heated insufflation systems for establishing pneumoperitoneum has been described to prevent hypothermia. Humidification of the insufflated gas is also possible. Past studies on heated insufflation have shown inconclusive results with regards to maintenance of core temperature and reduction of postoperative pain and recovery times...
October 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Andreas M Fichter, Lucas M Ritschl, Andrea Rau, Claudia Schwarzer, Achim von Bomhard, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Thomas Mücke
The warm ischaemia time of microvascular free flaps is limited. Incalculable events, such as lack of adequate recipient vessels or intraoperative medical emergencies, can lead to prolonged ischaemia and potentially to flap loss. In this study, critically perfused ischaemic or congested flaps were temporarily perfused with an extracorporeal perfusion system until anastomosis could be commenced. Temporary extracorporeal perfusion was performed in 8 radial forearm flaps for 147 ± 52 (range 77-237) minutes. Flap perfusion was assessed using Indocyanine Green fluorescence angiography and combined laser Doppler flowmetry and remission spectroscopy...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Luca Villa, Roberta Buono, Mara Ferrandi, Isabella Molinari, Fabio Benigni, Arianna Bettiga, Giorgia Colciago, Masami Ikehata, Elisabetta Messaggio, Maria Pia Rastaldi, Francesco Montorsi, Andrea Salonia, Paolo Manunta
Warm renal ischemia performed during partial nephrectomy has been found to be associated with kidney disease. Since endogenous ouabain (EO) is a neuro-endocrine hormone involved in renal damage, we evaluated the role of EO in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). We measured plasma and renal EO variations and markers of glomerular and tubular damage (nephrin, KIM-1, Kidney-Injury-Molecule-1, α1 Na-K ATPase) and the protective effect of the ouabain inhibitor, rostafuroxin. We studied five groups of rats: (1) normal; (2) infused for eight weeks with ouabain (30 µg/kg/day, OHR) or (3) saline; (4) ouabain; or (5) saline-infused rats orally treated with 100 µg/kg/day rostafuroxin for four weeks...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Debojit Gogoi, Dilip Kumar Pal, Malay K Bera
Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) can be performed via either transperitoneal or retroperitoneal approach. Very few studies have been carried out till now, comparing immunologic and inflammatory responses in donors after these two approaches. This is a prospective observational study. Selection of approach was decided by the operating surgeon. All patients underwent peripheral venous blood sampling preoperatively and 24 h postoperatively for the measurement of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukein-6 (IL-6), total leukocyte count (TLC), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and serum creatinine (SCr)...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
M Andriamamonjy, J-B Delmotte, F Savinelli, H Beaussier, F Coudore
INTRODUCTION: Oxaliplatin is a platinum derivate widely used in cancer treatment but producing dose-limiting peripheral neurotoxicity. Acute neuropathy is characterized by a transient cold-induced distal allodynia whereas chronic neuropathy leads to sensory loss. In order to design a method for quantitative assessment of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy, we developed a study that aims to characterize the most appropriate skin area of the hand to perform sensory tests. METHODS: We included patients treated during at least 6 months with oxaliplatin...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Ahmer M Hameed, Henry C Pleass, Germaine Wong, Wayne J Hawthorne
BACKGROUND: The two main options for renal allograft preservation are static cold storage (CS) and machine perfusion (MP). There has been considerably increased interest in MP preservation of kidneys, however conflicting evidence regarding its efficacy and associated costs have impacted its scale of clinical uptake. Additionally, there is no clear consensus regarding oxygenation, and hypo- or normothermia, in conjunction with MP, and its mechanisms of action are also debated. The primary aims of this article were to elucidate the benefits of MP preservation with and without oxygenation, and/or under normothermic conditions, when compared with CS prior to deceased donor kidney transplantation...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
David M Simpson, Jessica Robinson-Papp, Joanna Van, Malcolm Stoker, Hélène Jacobs, Robert J Snijder, Diederik S Schregardus, Stephen K Long, Bruno Lambourg, Nathaniel Katz
: This 12-week study evaluated the efficacy and safety of capsaicin 8% patch versus placebo patch in painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN). Patients aged ≥18 years with PDPN were randomized (1:1) to one 30-minute treatment (capsaicin 8% patch or placebo patch) to painful areas of feet. Overall, 369 patients were randomized (capsaicin 8% patch, n=186; placebo patch, n=183). Percentage reduction in average daily pain score from baseline to between Weeks 2-8 (the primary endpoint) was statistically significant for capsaicin 8% patch versus placebo (-27...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Rohit Tejwani, Hsin-Hsiao S Wang, Jessica C Lloyd, Paul J Kokorowski, Caleb P Nelson, Jonathan C Routh
BACKGROUND: The advent of online task-distribution has opened a new avenue to efficiently gather community perspectives needed for utility estimation. Methodological consensus for estimating pediatric utilities is lacking, with disagreement over whom to sample, what perspective (patient vs. parent), and whether instrument-induced anchoring bias is significant. We sought to determine what methodological factors potentially impact utility estimates for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys using a time-trade-off (TTO) instrument were conducted via Amazon's Mechanical Turk online interface; respondents were randomized to answer questions from child, parent, or dyad perspectives on the utility of a VUR health state and one of three "warm-up" scenarios (paralysis, common cold, none) prior to a VUR scenario...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Urology
L H Dünnweber, R Rödl, G Gosheger, F M Schiedel
Although clear advances have been made during the last 5 years, practical difficulties persist for patients and surgeons in procedures for intramedullary lengthening of long bones. In particular, precise adjustment of the desired amount of lengthening and technically reliable checking of the length actually achieved are problematic. An intramedullary nail with a new type of drive that exploits the shape memory effect has been constructed. The drive technology and the behavior of the intramedullary nail in situ were evaluated in a cadaver experiment...
October 10, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
Sam E Mason, James M Kinross, Jane Hendricks, Thanjakumar H Arulampalam
BACKGROUND: Surgical Site Infection (SSI) occurs in 9 % of laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Warming and humidifying carbon dioxide (CO2) used for peritoneal insufflation may protect against SSI by avoiding postoperative hypothermia (itself a risk factor for SSI). This study aimed to assess the impact of CO2 conditioning on postoperative hypothermia and SSI and to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal resection was performed at a single UK specialist centre...
October 12, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Emre A Eren, Nicholas Latchana, Eliza Beal, Don Hayes, Bryan Whitson, Sylvester M Black
The supply of liver grafts for treatment of end-stage liver disease continues to fall short of ongoing demands. Currently, most liver transplants originate from donations after brain death. Enhanced utilization of the present resources is prudent to address the needs of the population. Donation after circulatory or cardiac death is a mechanism whereby the availability of organs can be expanded. Donations after circulatory death pose unique challenges given their exposure to warm ischemia. Technical principles of donations after circulatory death procurement and pertinent studies investigating patient outcomes, graft outcomes, and complications are highlighted in this review...
October 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Xiaobing Ju, Pu Li, Pengfei Shao, Qiang Lv, Zengjun Wang, Chao Qin, Jie Li
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy combined with bench surgery and autotransplantation in treating complex renal tumor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Six patients with complex renal tumor were seen in our institution between 2010 and 2014. Three patients with bilateral renal cell carcinoma underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy on both sides. Extracorporeal tumorectomy and renal reconstruction were performed on the side of the smaller tumor and then kidney autotransplantation was performed...
October 13, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
Masahiro Sugiura, Takahito Suyama, Manato Kanesaka, Ayumi Fujimoto, Kyokushin Hou, Kazuhiro Araki, Hiroshi Masuda, Satoko Kojima, Yukio Naya
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical usefulness for prediction of outcome of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) using the R.E.N.A.L nephrometry scoring system (RNS) and centrality index score (C-index). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 64 patients who underwent LPN from 2010 to 2014 in our institution. The RNS and C-index scores were assigned according to the described protocols for their systems. The relationships between the patients' scores before surgery and the outcomes of LPN, warm ischemia time (WIT), operative time (ORT), estimated blood loss (EBL), and percent change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were analyzed retrospectively...
October 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Tomoko Nomura, Yasuko Yoshida-Amano, Kenichiro Yoshida, Akihiko Fujii, Masanori Tanahashi, Yoshinori Sugiyama, Kayoko Iwata, Takatoshi Murase
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have shown that a deterioration of skin properties, an impaired cutaneous microcirculation function and an imbalance of autonomic nervous activity are observed in smokers and in patients with diabetes mellitus or Raynaud's phenomenon. These observations suggest that skin properties are associated with cutaneous microcirculatory function and autonomic nervous activity in pathological conditions. However, there is no published evidence to support the concept that these two functions have any relationship with skin properties even in healthy subjects...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
Congwen Bian, Yiqi Du, Rui Ding, Jun Huang, Yan Dai, Sujin Bao, Lijuan Zhao, Hefang Shen, Jing Dong, Jianjian Xu, Qiru Xiong, Lili Xu
Biliary complications remain a major source of morbidity in liver transplant patients. Among these complications, nonanastomotic biliary strictures (NAS) are especially common and they are frequently therapy resistant in part because biliary epithelial cells are more sensitive to warm ischemic injury than hepatocytes. It has been a challenge to maintain the physiological function of biliary epithelial cells during liver transplantation. In this work, we have examined the effect of oxygen on proliferation of biliary epithelial cells in the rat livers obtained from donation after circulatory death (DCD)...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Mario Schiavoni, Antonella Coluccia
BACKGROUND: Evidence from clinical trials shows rivaroxaban to be effective for the treatment of deep vein thrombosis. Switching to rivaroxaban following failure of indirect anticoagulants in deep vein thrombosis has not been demonstrated in a real-life setting. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old white woman was switched from warfarin to rivaroxaban for the treatment of thrombosis of her right common femoral vein after saphenectomy. The reason for the switch was due to the instability of anti-coagulation therapy with vitamin K antagonists over a period of 3 months during which she did not reach the "therapeutic range" of prothrombin time-international normalized ratio...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Ulla Derhaschnig, Jim Gilbert, Ulrich Jäger, Georg Böhmig, Georg Stingl, Bernd Jilma
BACKGROUND: Innovative trial designs are sought to streamline drug development in rare diseases. Basket- and integrated protocol designs are two of these new strategies and have been applied in a handful oncologic trials. We have taken the concept outside the realm of oncology and report about a first-in-human integrated protocol design that facilitates the transition from phase Ia in healthy volunteers to phase Ib in patients with rare complement-mediated disorders driven by the classical pathway...
October 4, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Thomas G Poder, Denise Pruneau, Josée Dorval, Louis Thibault, Jean-François Fisette, Suzanne K Bédard, Annie Jacques, Patrice Beauregard
BACKGROUND: Blood warmers were developed to reduce the risk of hypothermia associated with the infusion of cold blood products. During massive transfusion, these devices are used with compression sleeve, which induce a major stress to red blood cells. In this setting, the combination of blood warmer and compression sleeve could generate hemolysis and harm the patient. We conducted this study to compare the impact of different pressure rates on the hemolysis of packed red blood cells and on the outlet temperature when a blood warmer set at 41...
2016: PloS One
Marc Michel, Louis Terriou, Francoise Roudot-Thoraval, Mohamed Hamidou, Mikael Ebbo, Guillaume Le Guenno, Lionel Galicier, Sylvain Audia, Bruno Royer, Anne Sophie Morin, Jean Marie Michot, Arnaud Jaccard, Laurent Frenzel, Mehdi Khellaf, Bertrand Godeau
This phase 3 multicentre randomized double-blind and placebo-controlled trial aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of rituximab (RTX) to placebo for treating newly diagnosed warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia (wAIHA) in adults receiving prednisone. Adults with a confirmed diagnosis of wAIHA who previously received corticosteroids for less than 6 weeks could be included. At inclusion, all patients received prednisone at a daily dose of 1 mg/kg for 2 weeks, then tapered according to a pre-defined recommended reduction scheme...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Hematology
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