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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533546/prostaglandin-e2-inhibits-matrix-mineralization-by-human-bone-marrow-stromal-cell-derived-osteoblasts-via-epac-dependent-camp-signaling
#1
Ali Mirsaidi, André N Tiaden, Peter J Richards
The osteoinductive properties of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and its signaling pathways have led to suggestions that it may serve as a potential therapeutic strategy for bone loss. However, the prominence of PGE2 as an inducer of bone formation is attributed primarily to findings from studies using rodent models. In the current study, we investigated the effects of PGE2 on human bone marrow stromal cell (hBMSC) lineage commitment and determined its mode of action. We demonstrated that PGE2 treatment of hBMSCs significantly altered the expression profile of several genes associated with osteoblast differentiation (RUNX2 and ALP) and maturation (BGLAP and MGP)...
May 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533298/the-cox-2-pge2-ep3-gi-o-camp-gsis-pathway-in-the-islet-the-beat-goes-on
#2
R Paul Robertson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532934/effects-of-topical-ketorolac-tromethamine-0-45-on-intraoperative-miosis-and-prostaglandin-e2-release-during-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery
#3
Jong Hwa Jun, Young-Sik Yoo, Sung A Lim, Choun-Ki Joo
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of topical 0.45% ketorolac tromethamine on intraoperative miosis and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) release during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. SETTING: Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Korea. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: The study comprised the following 3 groups: conventional cataract surgery without topical NSAIDs (conventional group); femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery with preoperative topical ketorolac tromethamine 0...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528506/exposure-of-marine-mussels-to-diclofenac-modulation-of-prostaglandin-biosynthesis
#4
Frédérique Courant, Lauren Arpin-Pont, Bénilde Bonnefille, Sébastien Vacher, Marina Picot-Groz, Elena Gomez, Hélène Fenet
Human pharmaceuticals, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), are an emerging threat to marine organisms. NSAIDs act through inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX) conversion of arachidonic acid into prostaglandins. One experiment was carried out whereby marine mussels were exposed for 72 h to 1 and 100 μg/L diclofenac (DCF). A specific and sensitive method using liquid chromatography high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry was developed to quantify DCF in mussel tissues. The developed method could also clearly identify and quantify COX products, i...
May 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528333/effect-of-1-25-oh-2d3-on-proliferation-of-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-and-expressions-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-through-regulating-microrna-22-in-a-rat-model-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Ping Fan, Lan He, Nan Hu, Jing Luo, Jing Zhang, Ling-Fei Mo, Yan-Hua Wang, Dan Pu, Xiao-Hong Lv, Zhi-Ming Hao, Chang-Hai Ding, Wu-Jun Xue, Yang Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the regulatory mechanism of 1,25-(OH)2D3 on the proliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rats via microRNA-22 (miR-22). METHODS: A rat model of RA was established with a subcutaneous injection of type II collagen. After treated with different concentrations of 1,25-(OH)2D3 the proliferation of FLS was estimated by the MTT method, and the optimal concentration of 1,25-(OH)2D3 was selected for further experiments...
May 12, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524398/anti-inflammatory-and-analgesic-activities-of-terminalia-muelleri-benth-combretaceae
#6
Nouran M Fahmy, Eman Al-Sayed, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Abdel Nasser Singab
Preclinical Research The anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of a polyphenol-rich fraction (TMEF) obtained from Terminalia muelleri Benth. were measured. The analgesic activity of TMEF was tested using acetic acid-induced writhing and hot plate models in mice. The anti-inflammatory activity was assessed using carrageenan-induced paw edema model by measuring PGE2 , TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 plasma levels as well as the paw thickness. TMEF was tested at doses of 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg p.o. and diclofenac sodium was used as a standard (100 mg/kg) in all experiments...
May 19, 2017: Drug Development Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516374/role-of-lps-elicited-signaling-in-triggering-gastric-mucosal-inflammatory-responses-to-h-pylori-modulatory-effect-of-ghrelin
#7
REVIEW
B L Slomiany, A Slomiany
Infection with Helicobacter pylori is a primary culprit in the etiology of gastric disease, and its cell-wall lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is recognized as a potent endotoxin responsible for triggering a pattern of the mucosal inflammatory responses. The engagement by the LPS of gastric mucosal Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) leads to initiation of signal transduction events characterized by the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade, induction of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC)/protein kinase C (PKC)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway, and up-regulation in Src/Akt...
May 17, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511114/bergapten-prevents-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammation-in-raw264-7-cells-through-suppressing-jak-stat-activation-and-ros-production-and-increases-the-survival-rate-of-mice-after-lps-challenge
#8
Yi Zhou, Jing Wang, Weidong Yang, Xiaowen Qi, Lei Lan, Lan Luo, Zhimin Yin
Bergapten (BG) is a cumarine-derivate compound in many medicinal plants. Here, in vitro and in vivo experimental results indicated that BG possesses anti-inflammatory properties, Based on this, we further investigated the precise molecular mechanisms of BG in LPS-stimulated inflammation response. Studies revealed that BG inhibited LPS-stimulated productions of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, PGE2 and NO as well as the expression of iNOS and COX-2, and at the same time, it increased LPS-induced release of IL-10 in a dose-dependent manner in RAW264...
May 13, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510700/enhanced-biological-activities-of-gamma-irradiated-persimmon-leaf-extract
#9
Byoung-Ok Cho, Denis Nchang Che, Hong-Hua Yin, Seon-Il Jang
The aim of this study was to compare the anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities of gamma-irradiated persimmon leaf extract (GPLE) with those of non-irradiated persimmon leaf extract (PLE). Ethanolic extract of persimmon leaf was exposed to gamma irradiation at a dose of 10 kGy. After gamma irradiation, the color of the extract changed from dark brown to light brown. The anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities of GPLE and PLE were assessed from: total polyphenol and total flavonoid contents; 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay; 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) assay, and levels of pro-inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506876/role-of-prostacyclin-synthase-in-carcinogenesis
#10
REVIEW
Yuka Sasaki, Tsubasa Ochiai, Masaya Takamura, Yukihiro Kondo, Chieko Yokoyama, Shuntaro Hara
Prostacyclin (PGI2) synthase (PGIS) and microsomal prostaglandin (PG) E synthase-1 (PGES-1) functionally couple with inducible cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) as their upstream enzymes to produce PGI2 and PGE2, respectively. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs exert their pharmacological effects including antitumor effects by the inhibition of COX-2 and thereby suppress this PG biosynthesis. PGIS is abundantly expressed in vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells and was shown to be critical for the regulation of platelet aggregation and vascular tone...
May 12, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502905/inhibition-of-proinflammatory-mediators-by-coumaroyl-lupendioic-acid-a-new-lupane-type-triterpene-from-careya-arborea-on-inflammation-induced-animal-model
#11
Rayhana Begum, Manjur Ali Sheliya, Showkat R Mir, Ekta Singh, Manju Sharma
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Careya arborea Roxb. (Lecythidaceae) is a large tree found throughout India in deciduous forests and grasslands. C. arborea is traditionally used in tumors, inflammation, anthelmintic, bronchitis, epileptic fits, astringents, antidote to snake-venom, skin disease, diarrhea, dysentery with bloody stools, dyspepsia, ulcer, tooth ache, and ear pain. AIM OF THE STUDY: In our previous work, the methanolic extract of Careya arborea stem bark showed significant anti-inflammatory activity...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498361/rectal-cancer-in-a-patient-with-bartter-syndrome-a-case-report
#12
Shiki Fujino, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Masayuki Ohue, Mikio Mukai, Yoji Kukita, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
A woman with rectal cancer was scheduled for surgery. However, she also had hypokalemia, hyperreninemia, and hyperaldosteronism in the absence of any known predisposing factors or endocrine tumors. She was given intravenous potassium, and her blood abnormalities stabilized after tumor resection. Genetic analysis revealed mutations in several genes associated with Bartter syndrome (BS) and Gitelman syndrome, including SLC12A1, CLCNKB, CASR, SLC26A3, and SLC12A3. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) plays an important role in BS and worsens electrolyte abnormalities...
May 12, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497344/genipin-inhibits-lps-induced-inflammatory-response-in-bv2-microglial-cells
#13
Jianjiao Wang, Liang Chen, Zuobin Liang, Yang Li, Fei Yuan, Jie Liu, Yu Tian, Zhen Hao, Fucheng Zhou, Xuanxi Liu, Yu Cao, Yongri Zheng, Qingsong Li
Genipin, an aglycon of geniposide, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effect. However, the anti-inflammatory activity of genipin on LPS-stimulated BV2 microglial cells has not been reported. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms responsible for the anti-inflammatory activity of genipin both in vivo and in vitro. The levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, NO and PGE2 were detected by ELISA. The expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and NF-κB were detected by western blot analysis. In vivo, genipin significantly attenuated LPS-induced memory deficit in the Morris water maze and passive avoidance tasks...
May 11, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495310/resveratrol-inhibits-urban-particulate-matter-induced-cox-2-pge2-release-in-human-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-via-the-inhibition-of-activation-of-nadph-oxidase-ros-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#14
Ming-Horng Tsai, Lee-Fen Hsu, Chiang-Wen Lee, Yao-Chang Chiang, Ming-Hsueh Lee, Jia-Mei How, Ching-Mei Wu, Chieh-Liang Huang, I-Ta Lee
Human fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) play a role in joint synovial inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Some evidence indicates that particulate matter (PM) in air pollution could contribute to the progression of RA. However, more research is needed to clarify this relationship. Up-regulation of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and its metabolite prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) are implicated in various inflammatory diseases. Resveratrol, a polyphenol found mainly in grapes and red wine, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493889/characterization-of-a-novel-antibiofilm-effect-of-nitric-oxide-releasing-aspirin-ncx-4040-on-candida-albicans-isolates-from-denture-stomatitis-patients
#15
Francisco Madariaga-Venegas, Roberto Fernández-Soto, Luisa Fernanda Duarte, Nicole Suarez, Daniela Delgadillo, José A Jara, Ricardo Fernández-Ramires, Blanca Urzúa, Alfredo Molina-Berríos
Candida albicans biofilms play a key role in denture stomatitis, one of the most common oral pathologies in elderly people. Because biofilms are highly resistant to antifungals, new pharmacological strategies are needed. Aspirin and nitric oxide-donor molecules have both shown antibiofilm effects on C. albicans, making them promising candidates for treatment. In this study, we evaluated the antifungal/antibiofilm effect of a nitric-oxide releasing aspirin (NO-ASA) on C. albicans isolates from denture stomatitis patients in vitro...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490739/honokiol-inhibits-ultraviolet-radiation-induced-immunosuppression-through-inhibition-of-ultraviolet-induced-inflammation-and-dna-hypermethylation-in-mouse-skin
#16
Ram Prasad, Tripti Singh, Santosh K Katiyar
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure induces immunosuppression, which contributes to the development of cutaneous malignancies. We investigated the effects of honokiol, a phytochemical found in plants of the genus Magnolia, on UVB-induced immunosuppression using contact hypersensitivity (CHS) as a model in C3H/HeN mice. Topical application of honokiol (0.5 and 1.0 mg/cm(2) skin area) had a significant preventive effect on UVB-induced suppression of the CHS response. The inflammatory mediators, COX-2 and PGE2, played a key role in this effect, as indicated by honokiol inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and PGE2 production in the UVB-exposed skin...
May 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487024/co-localization-of-microsomal-prostaglandin-e-synthase-1-with-cyclooxygenase-1-in-layer-ii-of-murine-placental-syncytiotrophoblasts
#17
Mai Inagaki, Tomohiro Nishimura, Shin-Ichi Akanuma, Takeo Nakanishi, Masanori Tachikawa, Ikumi Tamai, Ken-Ichi Hosoya, Emi Nakashima, Masatoshi Tomi
The placenta is an organ that secretes prostaglandin (PG) E2 into the fetal-placental circulation to regulate both vascular tone and remodeling of the fetal ductus arteriosus. Placental PGE2 synthesis might be mediated by microsomal PGE synthase-1 (mPGES-1), in addition to cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms. Thus, the purpose of this study is to clarify the temporal and spatial expression patterns of mPGES-1, together with COX-1 and COX-2, in murine placenta. We found that mPGES-1 and COX-1 protein levels continuously increased in the placental labyrinth from gestational day (GD) 13...
May 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486173/effects-of-fish-oil-supplementation-on-prostaglandins-in-normal-and-tumor-colon-tissue-modulation-by-the-lipogenic-phenotype-of-colon-tumors
#18
Zora Djuric, Muhammad Nadeem Aslam, Becky R Simon, Ananda Sen, Yan Jiang, Jianwei Ren, Rena Chan, Tanu Soni, T M Rajendiran, William L Smith, Dean E Brenner
Dietary fish oils have potential for prevention of colon cancer, and yet the mechanisms of action in normal and tumor colon tissues are not well defined. Here we evaluated the impact of the colonic fatty acid milieu on the formation of prostaglandins and other eicosanoids. Distal tumors in rats were chemically induced to model inflammatory colonic carcinogenesis. After 21 weeks of feeding with either a fish oil diet containing an eicosapentaenoic acid/ω-6 fatty acid ratio of 0.4 or a Western fat diet, the relationships between colon fatty acids and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) concentrations were evaluated...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485811/the-effects-of-second-messenger-camp-and-its-relative-components-on-the-contraction-of-uterine-smooth-muscle-of-rat
#19
S-J Shu, X-G Lei, J-H Liang, Y-H Song, Q Xu, X-D Chen, L-G Mao, Z-G Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of second messenger pathways on the uterine smooth muscle contraction and their associated mechanisms, and compare the evaluation methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preparation of uterine smooth muscle strips from healthy pregnant 18-21 d SD and non-pregnant rats. When the contraction of muscle strips was stable, we conducted gradient administration: PDE4 inhibitors (Z90), prostaglandin PGE2, adenylate cyclase inhibitor (SQ 22,530), cAMP analogs (dbcAMP) and AMPK agonists (AICAR), solvent dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as controlled...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485605/influence-of-dimerization-of-apocynin-on-its-effects-in-experimental-colitis
#20
Marta Marín, Clotilde Gimeno, Rosa M Giner, José L Ríos, Salvador Máñez, Marı A C Recio
Apocynin has been widely used as an inhibitor of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NADPH-oxidase) system and shows promise as an anti-inflammatory drug. Diapocynin, the dimeric product generated by the oxidation of apocynin in the presence of myeloperoxidase (MPO), is supposed to be its active form. In this study, diapocynin has been chemically synthesized and its activity on several inflammatory mediators in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages and its anti-inflammatory effect on ulcerative colitis induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in mice analyzed...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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