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Isopropyl alcohol

Xiang Guo, Shan Zhou, Yanwei Wang, Jinlong Song, Huimin Wang, Delong Kong, Jie Zhu, Weiwei Dong, Mingxiong He, Guoquan Hu, Zhiyong Ruan
Laccases are green biocatalysts that possess attractive advantages for the treatment of resistant environmental pollutants and dye effluents. A putative laccase-like gene, laclK, encoding a protein of 29.3 kDa and belonging to the Cu-oxidase_4 superfamily, was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The purified recombinant protein LaclK (LaclK) was able to oxidize typical laccase substrates such as 2,6-dimethoxyphenol and l-dopamine. The characteristic adsorption maximums of typical laccases at 330 nm and 610 nm were not detected for LaclK...
2016: PloS One
Jonas R M de Melo, Lidia Tiggeman, Katia Rezzadori, Juliana Steffens, Marshall Palliga, J Vladimir Oliveira, Marco Di Luccio, Marcus V Tres
This work investigates the use of ceramic membranes with different molecular weight cut-offs (MWCOs: 5, 10 and 20 kDa) to desolventize azeotropic solvent mixtures (ethanol/n-hexane and isopropyl alcohol/n-hexane) from soybean oil/azeotrope micelles. Results show that a decrease in the MWCO of a membrane and an increase in the solvent mass ratio in the mixture resulted in a significant reduction in the permeate flux. The 20 kDa membrane presented the highest permeate flux, 80 and 60 kg/m(2)h for the soybean oil/n-hexane/isopropyl alcohol and soybean oil/n-hexane/ethanol azeotropes, respectively, for an oil to solvent ratio of 1:3 (w/w)...
October 13, 2016: Environmental Technology
Daniel B Larsen, Allan R Petersen, Johannes R Dethlefsen, Ayele Teshome, Peter Fristrup
The molybdate-catalysed transfer hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of benzyl alcohol to toluene driven by oxidation of the solvent isopropyl alcohol to acetone has been investigated by using a combination of experimental and computational methods. A Hammett study that compared the relative rates for the transfer HDO of five para-substituted benzylic alcohols was carried out. Density-functional theory (DFT) calculations suggest a transition state with significant loss of aromaticity contributes to the lack of linearity observed in the Hammett study...
October 10, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Sajitha Narayanan, Mankadath Gokuldas
The silk protein from the web of Orthaga exvinacea was isolated, purified, and casted into films. This film was treated separately with methanol, acetone, ethyl acetate, and isopropyl alcohol in 50 % concentration for about 30 min. The treated films were thus dried in a desiccator and subjected to FTIR and TG-DTA analysis. The structural studies revealed that the organic solvents induce conformatory changes in the protein film, especially the most sensitive amide I (1650 cm(-1)) band. This band had shifted to lower wavenumber (1633-1636 cm(-1))...
October 2016: Journal of Chemical Biology
Saravanakumar Elangovan, Marcel Garbe, Haijun Jiao, Anke Spannenberg, Kathrin Junge, Matthias Beller
The first manganese-catalyzed hydrogenation of esters to alcohols has been developed. The combination of Mn(CO)5 Br with [HN(CH2 CH2 P(Et)2 )2 ] leads to a mixture of cationic and neutral Mn PNP pincer complexes, which enable the reduction of various ester substrates, including aromatic and aliphatic esters as well as diesters and lactones. Notably, related pincer complexes with isopropyl or cyclohexyl substituents showed very low activity.
September 30, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Gregory I Peterson, Johanna J Schwartz, Di Zhang, Benjamin M Weiss, Mark A Ganter, Duane W Storti, Andrew J Boydston
We describe an efficient method to produce objects comprising spatially controlled and graded cross-link densities using vat photopolymerization additive manufacturing (AM). Using a commercially available diacrylate-based photoresin, 3D printer, and digital light processing (DLP) projector, we projected grayscale images to print objects in which the varied light intensity was correlated to controlled cross-link densities and associated mechanical properties. Cylinder and bar test specimens were used to establish correlations between light intensities used for printing and cross-link density in the resulting specimens...
October 11, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Damon Borg, Anna Tverdovsky, Richard Stripp
Synthetic cannabinoids are a group of psychoactive compounds that mimic the effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the primary psychoactive constituent of marijuana (Cannabis sativa L). The Drug Enforcement Administration has classified many of the most common cannabinoids as Schedule 1 controlled substances. As a result, several novel synthetic cannabinoid series have emerged in the illicit drug market, including PINACA, FUBINACA, PB-22, AKB-48 and multiple derivatives of these compounds. Our laboratory developed and validated an analytical method for the analysis 32 synthetic cannabinoid metabolites in urine samples...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
A M Api, D Belsito, S Bhatia, M Bruze, P Calow, M L Dagli, W Dekant, A D Fryer, L Kromidas, S L A Cava, J F Lalko, A Lapczynski, D C Liebler, Y Miyachi, V T Politano, G Ritacco, D Salvito, T W Schultz, J Shen, I G Sipes, B Wall, D K Wilcox
The use of this material under current conditions is supported by existing information. This material was evaluated for genotoxicity, repeated dose toxicity, developmental and reproductive toxicity, local respiratory toxicity, phototoxicity/photoallergenicity, skin sensitization, as well as environmental safety. Data from the suitable read across analog 2-ethylhexanol (CAS # 104-76-7) show that this material is not genotoxic. Data from the suitable read across analog isopropyl alcohol (CAS # 67-63-0) show that this material does not have skin sensitization potential...
September 19, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Zhiqiang Zhao, Xinxia Liu, Xiumei Xing, Yao Lu, Yi Sun, Xiaoyan Ou, Xiaolin Su, Jun Jiang, Yarui Yang, Jingli Chen, Biling Shen, Yun He
PURPOSES: The objectives of this paper are to study the impact of low level isopropyl alcohol exposure on blood pressure and to explore its potential mechanism. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on a prospective occupational cohort in south China, which focusing on occupational risk factors related cardiovascular health problems. A total of 283 participants (200 low isopropyl alcohol exposed workers and 83 controls) was finally enrolled in this study...
2016: PloS One
Tanya Greywal, Philip R Cohen
Terra firma-forme dermatosis may mimic a variety of hyper pigmented dermatoses.  The diagnosis can be characterized using dermoscopy and confirmed with the SMART (Skin Modified by Alcohol Rubbing Test) evaluation.  When terra firma-forme dermatosis (Duncan's dirty dermatosis) is clinically suspected, clearance of the dermatosis follows rubbing the affected skin with 70% isopropyl alcohol.
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
José A Álvarez, Susana R Ruíz, Juan L Mosqueda, Ximena León, Virginia Arreguín, Alejandro E Macías, Juan H Macias
OBJECTIVE: To determine differences in the recontamination of stethoscope membranes after cleaning with chlorhexidine, triclosan, or alcohol. METHODS: Experimental, controlled, blinded trial to determine differences in the bacterial load on stethoscope membranes. Membranes were cultured by direct imprint after disinfection with 70% isopropyl alcohol, 1% triclosan, or 1% chlorhexidine and normal use for 4 hours. As a baseline and an immediate effect control, bacterial load of membranes without disinfection and after 1 minute of disinfection with isopropyl alcohol was determined as well...
September 7, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Rajalingam Agneeswari, Ji Yeong Sung, Eun Sol Jo, Hee Young Jeon, Vellaiappillai Tamilavan, Myung Ho Hyun
Two new diastereomeric chiral stationary phases (CSPs) based on (+)-(18-crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid as a chiral tethering group and a Π-basic chiral unit such as (R)-1-(1-naphthyl)ethylamine (CSP 1) or (S)-1-(1-naphthyl)ethylamine (CSP 2) were prepared. The two CSPs were applied to the enantiomeric separation of N-(3,5-dinitrobenzoyl)-1-phenylalkylamines and N-(3,5-dinitrobenzoyl)-α-amino acid derivatives using 20% isopropyl alcohol in hexane as a normal mobile phase. To elucidate the effect of the two chiral units on the chiral recognition, the chiral recognition abilities of the two CSPs were compared with each other and with that of a CSP (CSP 3) based on (R)-1-(1-naphthyl)ethylamine...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Na Rae Kim, Yung Jong Lee, Changsoo Lee, Jahyun Koo, Hyuck Mo Lee
By treating oleylamine (OA)-capped Ag-Cu nanoparticles with tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH), we obtained metal nanoparticles that are suspended in polar solvents and sinterable at low temperatures. The simple process with ultra sonication enables synthesis of monodispersed and high purity nanoparticles in an organic base, where the resulting nanoparticles are dispersible in polar solvents such as ethanol and isopropyl alcohol. To investigate the surface characteristics, we conducted Fourier-transform infrared and zeta-potential analyses...
August 26, 2016: Nanotechnology
J Rodrigo Vélez-Cordero, Bernardo Yáñez Soto, José L Arauz-Lara
Nonhomogeneous evaporation fluxes have been shown to promote the formation of internal currents in sessile droplets, explaining the patterns that suspended particles leave after the droplet has dried out. Although most evaporation experiments have been conducted using spherical-cap-shaped drops, which are essentially in an axisymmetric geometry, here we show an example of nonhomogeneous evaporation in asymmetric geometries, which is visualized by following the motion of colloidal particles along liquid fingers forming a meniscus at square corners...
August 16, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Alissa Zhang, Eui-Chang Jung, Hanjiang Zhu, Ying Zou, Xiaoying Hui, Howard Maibach
This study evaluated the effects of three vehicles-ethanol (EtOH), isopropyl alcohol (IPA), and isopropyl myristate (IPM)-on stratum corneum (SC) absorption and diffusion of the [(14)C]-model compounds benzoic acid and butenafine hydrochloride to better understand the transport pathways of chemicals passing through and resident in SC. Following application of topical formulations to human dermatomed skin for 30 min, penetration flux was observed for 24 h post dosing, using an in vitro flow-through skin diffusion system...
July 19, 2016: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Dinesh Kumar, Karamjit Singh, Veena Verma, H S Bhatti
In the present research paper carbon nanostructures viz. single walled carbon nanotubes, multi-walled carbon nanotubes, single walled carbon nanohorns and graphene nanoplatelets have been synthesized by CVD technique, hydrothermal method, DC arc discharge method in liquid nitrogen and microwave technique respectively. After synthesis 5 mm thick pallets of given nanomaterial are prepared by making a paste in isopropyl alcohol and using polyvinylidene difluoride as a binder and then these pallets were used for nanoindentation measurements...
June 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Luoshan Wang, Tushar Kumeria, Abel Santos, Peter Forward, Martin F Lambert, Dusan Losic
Naturally produced iron oxide nanowires by Mariprofundus ferrooxydans bacteria as biofilm are evaluated for their structural, chemical, and photocatalytic performance under visible-light irradiation. The crystal phase structure of this unique natural material presents a 1-dimensional (1D) nanowire-like geometry, which is transformed from amorphous to crystalline (hematite) by thermal annealing at high temperature without changing their morphology. This study systematically assesses the effect of different annealing temperatures on the photocatalytic activity of iron oxide nanowires produced by Mariprofundus ferrooxydans bacteria...
August 10, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Anna Micheluz, Sabrina Manente, Manuela Rovea, Debora Slanzi, Giovanna Cristina Varese, Giampietro Ravagnan, Gianmaria Formenton
The principal fungal species isolated from a contaminated library environment were tested for their microbial volatile organic compound (MVOC) production ability. Aspergillus creber, A. penicillioides, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Eurotium chevalieri, E. halophilicum, Penicillium brevicompactum and P. chrysogenum were cultivated on suitable culture media inside sample bottles specifically designed and created for direct MVOC injection to a GC-MS instrument. The fungal emissions were monitored over several weeks to detect changes with the aging of the colonies, monitored also by respirometric tests...
September 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Zoe Diana Draelos
INTRODUCTION: Irritation, such as burning and stinging, on the site of application, is a common side effect of topical dermatologic products including creams, lotions, sprays, and foams. This effect may be more pronounced when applying products to atopic or psoriatic skin. The composition of the vehicle may affect the extent of the irritation. This study compared the irritation and erythema potential of 7 different topical dermatologic products to determine the products with the least likelihood of causing discomfort when applied...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Juan H Macias, Mildred F Alvarez, Virginia Arreguin, Juan M Muñoz, Alejandro E Macias, Jose A Alvarez
BACKGROUND: We do not know whether differences exist between the residual effect of 2% chlorhexidine in 70% isopropyl alcohol when compared with 1% triclosan in 70% isopropyl alcohol. METHODS: Using an analytic, longitudinal, controlled, and comparative experimental trial, with blinded measurements, we recruited healthy, adult volunteers from the University of Guanajuato who completed a stabilization phase of skin microbiota and had no history of skin allergies...
June 30, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
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