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nanoparticles uptake

Shuang Zhao, Xufeng Zhu, Chengwen Cao, Jing Sun, Jie Liu
In the past two decades, there were various kinds of photothermal agents being synthesised and investigated for their photothermal effect in antitumor applications. However, it is barely reported that the photothermal effect of Ruthenium (Ru) nanoparticles was researched in depth. In this work, we introduced Ru nanoparticles which possess excellent biocompatibility and metabolize easily to the photothermal therapy field. In addition, to improve the cells capacity of absorbing Ru nanoparticles, these Ru nanoparticles were modified by transferrin (Tf-RuNPs)...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Suresh K Verma, Ealisha Jha, Pritam Kumar Panda, Anurag Mishra, Arun Thirumurugan, Biswadeep Das, S K S Parashar, Mrutyunjay Suar
In this study, rapid one step facile synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) was done using culture supernatant of two Gram positive (B.thuringiensis, S.aureus) and Gram negative (E.coli, S.typhimurium) bacterial strains and were termed as "BTAgNP", "SAAgNP", "ECAgNP" and "STAgNP" respectively. Synthesized AgNPs were well characterized with the help of different standard techniques like FESEM, DLS, UV-Vis spectroscopy and FTIR. Mechanism of AgNPs synthesis was elucidated using in silico approach. In vivo cytotoxicity of synthesized AgNPs was assessed in embryonic Zebrafish model with the help of uptake, oxidative stress and apoptosis induction experimental assays and the mechanism was investigated through in silico approach at the molecular level...
September 28, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Yudong Song, Cui Tang, Chunhua Yin
Arginine and α-tocopherol succinate (α-TOS) double grafted N-trimethyl chitosan chloride (TMC) nanoparticles (TAS NPs) were designed and developed for effective co-delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) and Survivin shRNA-expressing pDNA (iSur-pDNA). With DOX loading into the hydrophobic core and iSur-pDNA combining to the hydrophilic shell, TAS/DOX/pDNA NPs demonstrated favorable structural stability and sustained release properties in vitro. With the special non-clathrin-dependent endocytosis, TAS/DOX/pDNA NPs presented higher cellular uptake and mainly distributed in ER and Golgi rather than lysosomes following internalization...
October 4, 2017: Biomaterials
Dhiraj Kumar, Isha Mutreja, Kenny Chitcholtan, Peter Sykes
Nanomedicine has advanced the biomedical field with the availability of multifunctional nanoparticle (NPs) systems that can target a disease site enabling drug delivery and helping to monitor the disease. In this paper, we synthesised the gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with an average size 18, 40, 60 and 80 nm, and studied the effect of nanoparticles size, concentration and incubation time on ovarian cancer cells namely, OVCAR5, OVCAR8, and SKOV3. The size measured by transmission electron microscopy images was slightly smaller than the hydrodynamic diameter; measured size by ImageJ as 14...
October 13, 2017: Nanotechnology
Yu Sun, Tian-Yi Shi, Ling-Yun Zhou, Yu-Yan Zhou, Bai-Wang Sun, Xiao-Ping Liu
Platinum-based drugs are used to treat a variety of cancers but have many side effects such as nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity. A folate-decorated nanoparticles system with a good drug payload can selectively deliver drugs into folate receptor (FR)-overexpressing cancer cells to prevent the shortcomings of platinum-based chemotherapy. Here, folate-decorated and near-infrared (NIR) laser-activated nanoparticles (abbreviated as Pt(IV)-FINPs) were prepared via ultrasonic self-assembling of platinum(IV) prodrug c,c,t-Pt(NH3)2Cl2(OOCCH2CH2COOH)2, folic acid (FA)-functionalized lipid DSPE-PEG-FA and NIR fluorescent dye indocyanine green (ICG)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Bao Ngoc Tran, Hanh Thuy Nguyen, Jong Oh Kim, Chul Soon Yong, Chien Ngoc Nguyen
The CD44 receptor, which is upregulated in many cancer cells, provides a selective cellular surface for targeted drug delivery systems. We developed a hybrid nanocarrier for the CD44-targeted delivery of ibuprofen (IBU) and paclitaxel (PTX). The solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) were prepared by a hot-melt oil/water emulsion technique and then coated with hyaluronic acid (HA) by electrostatic interactions. The final SLN were spherical with a hydrodynamic diameter (Z) of 72.16 ± 2.9 nm, polydispersity index (PDI) of 0...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Eloïse Thomas, Ludovic Colombeau, Mickaël Gries, Thibaut Peterlini, Clélia Mathieu, Noémie Thomas, Cédric Boura, Céline Frochot, Régis Vanderesse, François Lux, Muriel Barberi-Heyob, Olivier Tillement
Despite combined treatments, glioblastoma outcome remains poor with frequent local recurrences, indicating that a more efficient and local therapy is needed. In this way, vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy (VTP) could help tumor eradication by destroying its neovessels. In this study, we designed a polysiloxane-based nanoparticle (NP) combining a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent, a photosensitizer (PS) and a new ligand peptide motif (KDKPPR) targeting neuropilin-1 (NRP-1), a receptor overexpressed by angiogenic endothelial cells of the tumor vasculature...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Qing Zhang, Xuanxuan Chen, Huihui Shi, Gaoqiu Dong, Meiling Zhou, Tianji Wang, Hongliang Xin
Hybrid nanocarriers based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) and supported lipid bilayer (SLB) have been studied as drug delivery system. It still remains challenges to develop these nanocarriers (SLB-MSNs) with on-demand drug release profile for chemotherapy. Here, we reported the biocompatible SLB-MSNs with high drug loading, which could release doxorubicin (DOX) in response to hyperthermia and reduce premature release. After synthesis of MSNs via a sol-gel procedure, the thermo-responsive SLB was deposited on the MSNs by sonication to completely seal the mesopores...
October 5, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Zejun Wang, Yao Fu, Zhengzhong Kang, Xiaoguo Liu, Nan Chen, Qi Wang, Yaoquan Tu, Lihua Wang, Shiping Song, Daishun Ling, Haiyun Song, Xueqian Kong, Chunhai Fan
DNA has proven of high utility to modulate the surface functionality of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for various biomedical applications. Nevertheless, current methods for preparing DNA-MOF nanoparticles rely on either inefficient covalent conjugation or specific modification of oligonucleotides. In this work, we report that unmodified oligonucleotides can be loaded on MOFs with high density (~2,500 strands/particle) via intrinsic, multivalent coordination between DNA backbone phosphate and unsaturated zirconium sites on MOFs...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Lorenzo Rossi, Weilan Zhang, Arthur Paul Schwab, Xingmao Ma
Agricultural soils are likely to be polluted by both conventional and emerging contaminants at the same time. Understanding the interactions of co-existing engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) and trace-elements (a common source of abiotic stress) is critical to gain insights into the accumulation of these two groups of chemicals by plants. The objectives of this study were to determine the uptake and accumulation of co-existing ENPs and trace-elements by soybeans and to gain insights into the physiological mechanisms resulting in different plant accumulation of these materials...
October 12, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Berrin Küçüktürkmen, Asuman Bozkır
The practical use of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) in research has been highlighted in the literature, but few reports have combined SLNs with miRNA-based therapy and chemotherapy. We aimed to prepare cationic SLNs (cSLNs) to load anti-miR-21 oligonucleotide and pemetrexed for glioblastoma therapy in vitro. cSLNs were employed to encapsulate both pemetrexed and anti-miR-21 by a high pressure homogenization method, and then the properties of cSLNs were characterized. We studied cellular uptake and cytotoxicity properties of cSLNs in U87MG cells...
October 12, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Guocan Yu, Mingming Zhang, Manik Lal Saha, Zhengwei Mao, Jin Chen, Yong Yao, Zijian Zhou, Yijing Liu, Changyou Gao, Feihe Huang, Xiaoyuan Chen, Peter J Stang
Despite the well-known anticancer activity of mono- and multi-nuclear platinum complexes, studies of the antitumor performances of platinum-based supramolecular coordination complexes are rare. Herein, we report on the synthesis of a four-armed amphiphilic copolymer Pt-PAZMB-b-POEGMA containing a metallacycle M, in which the tetraphenylethene derivative acts as an aggregation-induced emissive fluorescent probe for live cell imaging and the 3,6-bis[trans-Pt(PEt3)2]phenanthrene (PhenPt) is an anticancer drug...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jiang Pi, Jinhuan Jiang, Huaihong Cai, Fen Yang, Hua Jin, Peihui Yang, Jiye Cai, Zheng W Chen
Selenium nanoparticles (Se NPs) have attracted increasing interest in recent decades because of their anticancer, immunoregulation, and drug carrier functions. In this study, GE11 peptide-conjugated Se NPs (GE11-Se NPs), a nanosystem targeting EGFR over-expressed cancer cells, were synthesized for oridonin delivery to achieve enhanced anticancer efficacy. Oridonin loaded and GE11 peptide conjugated Se NPs (GE11-Ori-Se NPs) were found to show enhanced cellular uptake in cancer cells, which resulted in enhanced cancer inhibition against cancer cells and reduced toxicity against normal cells...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
Yang Song, Qiurong Shi, Chengzhou Zhu, Yanan Luo, Qian Lu, He Li, Ranfeng Ye, Dan Du, Yuehe Lin
In the conventional non-invasive cancer treatments, such as photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT), light irradiation is precisely focused on tumors to induce apoptosis via the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or localized heating. However, overconsumption of oxygen and restricted diffusion distance of ROS limit the therapeutic effects on hypoxic tumors. Herein, we developed a platform for the rapid uptake of multifunctionalized Au@Pt nanoparticles (NPs) by mitochondria in cancer cells...
October 11, 2017: Nanoscale
Yin Ren, Jessica E Sagers, Lukas D Landegger, Sangeeta N Bhatia, Konstantina M Stankovic
Vestibular schwannoma (VS) is the most common tumor of the cerebellopontine angle, and it typically presents with sensorineural hearing loss. The genomic landscape of schwannoma is complex and many of the molecules implicated in VS pathogenesis represent targets not amenable to antibody-based or small molecule therapeutics. Tumor-targeted delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) therapeutics provides a direct and effective means to interrogate targets while minimizing off-target effects. To establish a preclinical model for therapeutic inhibition of putative targets in VS, archived tumor specimens, fresh tumor cells derived from patients with sporadic VS, and an established schwannoma cell line were screened...
October 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Adam John Laycock, Ana Romero-Freire, Jens Najorka, Claus Svendsen, Cornelis A M van Gestel, Mark Rehkaemper
Here we use two enriched stable isotopes, (68)Znen and (64)Znen (>99%), to prepare (68)ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) and soluble (64)ZnCl2. The standard LUFA 2.2 test soil was dosed with (68)ZnO NPs and soluble (64)ZnCl2 to 5 mg kg(-1) each, plus between 0 and 95 mg kg(-1) of soluble ZnCl2 with a natural isotope composition. After 0, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months of soil incubation, earthworms (Eisenia andrei) were introduced for 72-hour exposures. Analyses of soils, pore waters and earthworm tissues using multiple collector ICP-MS allowed the simultaneous measurement of the diagnostic (68)Zn/(66)Zn, (64)Zn/(66)Zn and (68)Zn/(64)Zn ratios, from which the three different isotopic forms of Zn were quantified...
October 10, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Karel Folens, Thibaut Van Acker, Eduardo Bolea-Fernandez, Geert Cornelis, Frank Vanhaecke, Gijs Du Laing, Sebastien Rauch
Elevated platinum (Pt) concentrations are found in road dust as a result of emissions from catalytic converters in vehicles. This study investigates the occurrence of Pt in road dust collected in Ghent (Belgium) and Gothenburg (Sweden). Total Pt contents, determined by tandem ICP-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS/MS), were in the range of 5 to 79ngg(-1), comparable to the Pt content in road dust of other medium-sized cities. Further sample characterization was performed by single particle (sp) ICP-MS following an ultrasonic extraction procedure using stormwater runoff for leaching...
October 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Ziyuan Huang, Liangfeng Huang, Yanjuan Huang, Yuanfeng He, Xiaoqi Sun, Xiang Fu, Xiaoyu Xu, Gaofei Wei, Dawei Chen, Chunshun Zhao
In the photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer, zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) as a photosensitizer possesses superior photosensitive properties. However, the therapeutic effect of ZnPc in PDT is limited due to its aggregation, low solubility and poor selectivity. In this study, charge-reversal phthalocyanine-based coordination polymer nanoparticles (PCPN) are developed for improving the curative effect of ZnPc. Tetra(4-carboxyphenoxy)-phthalocyaninatozinc(ii) (TPZnPc) is coordinated with the zinc ion to form the core of PCPN, which is coated with a lipid bilayer by self-assembly (PCPNs@Lip)...
October 10, 2017: Nanoscale
Xi Yang, Zhaojun Li, Qinjie Wu, Shouchun Chen, Cheng Yi, Changyang Gong
Active targeting nanoparticles were developed to simultaneously codeliver tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and Curcumin (Cur). In the nanoparticles (TRAIL-Cur-NPs), TRAIL was used as both active targeting ligand and therapeutic agent, and Cur could upregulate death receptors (DR4 and DR5) to increase the apoptosis-inducing effects of TRAIL. Compared with corresponding free drugs, TRAIL-Cur-NPs group showed enhanced cellular uptake, cytotoxicity and apoptosis induction effect on HCT116 colon cancer cells...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
Bo He, Yuan Zhang, Qiang Zhang, Bing He, Wenbing Dai, Xueqing Wang, Dan Yang, Mengmeng Qin, Hua Zhang, Changcheng Yin
Gold nanoparticles are promising drug delivery vehicles for nucleic acids, small molecules, and proteins, allowing various modifications on the particle surface. However, the instability and low bioavailability of gold nanoparticles compromise their clinical application. Here, we functionalized gold nanoparticles with CPP fragments (CALNNPFVYLI, CALRRRRRRRR) through sulfhydryl PEG to increase their stability and bioavailability. The resulting gold nanoparticles were characterized with transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), UV-visible spectrometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and the stability in biological solutions was evaluated...
October 6, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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