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nanoparticles uptake

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431461/impact-of-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-on-vocal-fold-fibroblasts-cell-behavior-and-cellular-iron-kinetics
#1
Marina Pöttler, Anna Fliedner, Eveline Schreiber, Christina Janko, Ralf Philipp Friedrich, Christopher Bohr, Michael Döllinger, Christoph Alexiou, Stephan Dürr
PURPOSE: The voice is the most important instrument of communication. Tissue defects in the vocal fold (VF) area lead to serious reduction in quality of life, but thus far, no satisfactory VF implant exists. Therefore, we aim to establish a functional VF implant in a rabbit model by magnetic tissue engineering (MTE) using superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION). Hence, iron quantification over time as well as cell behavior studies upon SPION treatment are of great importance...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429764/fabrication-characterization-and-biological-evaluation-of-anti-her2-indocyanine-green-doxorubicin-encapsulated-peg-b-plga-copolymeric-nanoparticles-for-targeted-photochemotherapy-of-breast-cancer-cells
#2
Yu-Hsiang Lee, Da-Sheng Chang
In this study, we aimed to develop anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) indocyanine green (ICG)-doxorubicin (DOX)-encapsulated polyethylene glycol-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) diblock copolymeric nanoparticles (HIDPPNPs) to explore the co-administration of phototherapy and chemotherapy for HER2-overexpressing breast cancer, a highly aggressive and medicine-resistant breast carcinoma. The HIDPPNPs were fabricated using a solvent evaporation technique followed by carbodiimide-mediated antibody conjugation on the nanoparticle surface...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429022/dependence-of-gold-nanoparticle-radiosensitization-on-cell-geometry
#3
Wonmo Sung, Sung-Joon Ye, Aimee L McNamara, Stephen J McMahon, James Hainfeld, Jungwook Shin, Henry M Smilowitz, Harald Paganetti, Jan Schuemann
The radiosensitization effect of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) has been demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo in radiation therapy. The purpose of this study was to systematically assess the biological effectiveness of GNPs distributed in the extracellular media for realistic cell geometries. TOPAS-nBio simulations were used to determine the nanometre-scale radial dose distributions around the GNPs, which were subsequently used to predict the radiation dose response of cells surrounded by GNPs. MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells and F-98 rat glioma cells were used as models to assess different cell geometries by changing (1) the cell shape, (2) the nucleus location within the cell, (3) the size of GNPs, and (4) the photon energy...
April 21, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428066/effects-of-gold-nanoparticle-based-vaccine-size-on-lymph-node-delivery-and-cytotoxic-t-lymphocyte-responses
#4
Sukmo Kang, Sukyung Ahn, Jeewon Lee, Jinyong Kim, Minsuk Choi, Vipul Gujrati, Hyungjun Kim, Jinjoo Kim, Eui-Cheol Shin, Sangyong Jon
Although it has been shown that the size of nanoparticle-based vaccines is a key determining factor for the induction of immune responses, few studies have provided detailed analyses of thresholds or critical sizes of nanoparticle vaccines. Here we report effects of the size of gold nanoparticle (GNP)-based vaccines on their efficiency of delivery to lymph nodes (LNs) and induction of CD8(+) T-cell responses. We further propose a threshold size of GNPs for use as an effective vaccine. To examine the effects of GNP size, we synthesized GNPs with diameters of 7, 14 and 28nm, and then conjugated them with recombinant ovalbumin (OVA) as a model antigen...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428065/in-vivo-studies-investigating-biodistribution-of-nanoparticle-encapsulated-rhodamine-b-delivered-via-dissolving-microneedles
#5
Joakim Kennedy, Eneko Larrañeta, Maelíosa T C McCrudden, Cian M McCrudden, Aaron J Brady, Steven J Fallows, Helen O McCarthy, Adrien Kissenpfennig, Ryan F Donnelly
Nanoparticles (NPs) have undergone extensive investigation as drug delivery and targeting vehicles. NP delivery is often via the parenteral route, reliant on administration using hypodermic needles, which can be associated with patient compliance issues and safety concerns. In the recent past, the intradermal delivery of NPs, via novel dissolving microneedle (MN) arrays has garnered interest in the pharmaceutical community. However, published studies using this combinatorial approach have been limited, in that they have focussed on the use of in vitro and ex vivo models only...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427622/efficient-removal-of-crystal-violet-and-methylene-blue-from-wastewater-by-ultrasound-nanoparticles-cu-mof-in-comparison-with-mechanosynthesis-method
#6
Amir Reza Abbasi, Maryam Karimi, Kim Daasbjerg
The present investigation reports the synthesis of CuBTC (BTC=1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) under solid-state conditions and ultrasound irradiation. Herein, we study uptake and release properties of crystal violet (CV) and methylene blue (MB) from ultrasound nano-CuBTC MOF in comparison with mechanosynthesis method (bulk structure). The ultrasound-assisted methods give a decrease in the surface area as calculated from the reduced nitrogen adsorption capability. In comparison, the uptake of guest molecules on ultrasound nano-CuBTC is remarkable and clearly exceeds that of bulk structure in the aqueous solution of guests...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423949/intranasal-chitosan-g-hp%C3%AE-cd-nanoparticles-of-efavirenz-for-the-cns-targeting
#7
Aarti Belgamwar, Shagufta Khan, Pramod Yeole
Incompetence of antiretrovirals (ARV) in complete eradication of HIV from the CNS is the biggest issue in neuro-AIDS treatment. The ineffectiveness is largely due to the poor penetration of ARV. Hence, the present study is attempted to enhance the CNS uptake of efavirenz (EFV) by designing intranasal EFV nanoparticles (EFV-NPs). EFV-NPs were fabricated using chitosan-g-HPβCD by ionic gelation method and optimized using quadratic response surface methodology (RSM) employing two-factor, five-level circumscribed central composite design...
April 19, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423731/a-multifunctional-lipid-nanoparticle-for-co-delivery-of-paclitaxel-and-curcumin-for-targeted-delivery-and-enhanced-cytotoxicity-in-multidrug-resistant-breast-cancer-cells
#8
Jong-Suep Baek, Cheong-Weon Cho
The objective of the work was to develop a multifunctional nanomedicine based on a folate-conjugated lipid nanoparticles loaded with paclitaxel and curcumin. The novel system combines therapeutic advantageous of efficient targeted delivery via folate and timed-release of curcumin and paclitaxel via 2-hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin, thereby overcoming multidrug resistance in breast cancer cells (MCF-7/ADR). The faster release of curcumin from the folate-conjugated curcumin and paclitaxel-loaded lipid nanoparticles enables sufficient p-glycoprotein inhibition, which allows increased cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of paclitaxel...
March 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423213/systemic-tumor-targeted-sodium-iodide-symporter-nis-gene-therapy-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-mediated-by-b6-peptide-polyplexes
#9
Sarah Urnauer, Kathrin Klutz, Geoffrey K Grünwald, Stephan Morys, Nathalie Schwenk, Christian Zach, Franz-Josef Gildehaus, Wolfgang Roedl, Manfred Ogris, Ernst Wagner, Christine Spitzweg
BACKGROUND: Non-viral polymer-based gene transfer represents an adaptable system for tumor-targeted gene therapy, as various design strategies of shuttle systems together with the mechanistic concept of active tumor targeting lead to improved gene delivery vectors resulting in higher tumor specificity, efficacy and safety. METHODS: Using the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) as theranostic gene, non-viral gene delivery vehicles based on linear polyethylenimine (LPEI), polyethylene glycol (PEG) and coupled with the synthetic peptide B6 (LPEI-PEG-B6), which specifically binds to tumor cells, were investigated in a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) xenograft model for tumor-selectivity and transduction efficiency...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Gene Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422155/in-vitro-biocompatibility-study-of-sub-5%C3%A2-nm-silica-coated-magnetic-iron-oxide-fluorescent-nanoparticles-for-potential-biomedical-application
#10
Sabrina Foglia, Mario Ledda, Daniela Fioretti, Giovanna Iucci, Massimiliano Papi, Giovanni Capellini, Maria Grazia Lolli, Settimio Grimaldi, Monica Rinaldi, Antonella Lisi
Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs), for their intriguing properties, have attracted a great interest as they can be employed in many different biomedical applications. In this multidisciplinary study, we synthetized and characterized ultrafine 3 nm superparamagnetic water-dispersible nanoparticles. By a facile and inexpensive one-pot approach, nanoparticles were coated with a shell of silica and contemporarily functionalized with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) dye. The obtained sub-5 nm silica-coated magnetic iron oxide fluorescent (sub-5 SIO-Fl) nanoparticles were assayed for cellular uptake, biocompatibility and cytotoxicity in a human colon cancer cellular model...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421077/human-scavenger-receptor-a1-mediated-inflammatory-response-to-silica-particle-exposure-is-size-specific
#11
Nobuo Nishijima, Toshiro Hirai, Kazuki Misato, Michihiko Aoyama, Etsushi Kuroda, Ken J Ishii, Kazuma Higashisaka, Yasuo Yoshioka, Yasuo Tsutsumi
The application of nanotechnology in the health care setting has many potential benefits; however, our understanding of the interactions between nanoparticles and our immune system remains incomplete. Although many of the biological effects of nanoparticles are negatively correlated with particle size, some are clearly size specific and the mechanisms underlying these size-specific biological effects remain unknown. Here, we examined the pro-inflammatory effects of silica particles in THP-1 cells with respect to particle size; a large overall size range with narrow intervals between particle diameters (particle diameter: 10, 30, 50, 70, 100, 300, and 1,000 nm) was used...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420299/surface-chemistry-of-gold-nanoparticles-determines-the-biocorona-composition-impacting-cellular-uptake-toxicity-and-gene-expression-profiles-in-human-endothelial-cells
#12
Parwathy Chandran, Jim E Riviere, Nancy A Monteiro-Riviere
This study investigated the role of nanoparticle size and surface chemistry on biocorona composition and its effect on uptake, toxicity and cellular responses in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), employing 40 and 80 nm gold nanoparticles (AuNP) with branched polyethyleneimine (BPEI), lipoic acid (LA) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) coatings. Proteomic analysis identified 59 hard corona proteins among the various AuNP, revealing largely surface chemistry-dependent signature adsorbomes exhibiting human serum albumin (HSA) abundance...
April 19, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420236/human-hepatocarcinoma-cell-targeting-by-glypican-3-ligand-peptide-functionalized-silica-nanoparticles-implications-for-ultrasound-molecular-imaging
#13
Marco Di Paola, Alessandra Quarta, Francesco Conversano, Enzo Antonio Sbenaglia, Simona Bettini, Ludovico Valli, Giuseppe Gigli, Sergio Casciaro
Silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) are widely studied nanomaterials for their potential employment in advanced biomedical applications, like selective molecular imaging and targeted drug delivery. SiNPs are generally low cost and high biocompatible, can be easily functionalized with a wide variety of functional ligands and have been demonstrated to be effective in enhancing ultrasound contrast at clinical diagnostic frequencies. Therefore, SiNPs might be used as contrast agents in echographic imaging. In this work, we have developed a SiNPs-based system for the in vitro molecular imaging of hepatocellular carcinoma cells that express high levels of Glypican-3 protein (GPC-3) on their surface...
April 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417068/photoacoustic-in-vitro-flow-cytometry-for-nanomaterial-research
#14
Dmitry A Nedosekin, Tariq Fahmi, Zeid A Nima, Jacqueline Nolan, Chengzhong Cai, Mustafa Sarimollaoglu, Enkeleda Dervishi, Alexei Basnakian, Alexandru S Biris, Vladimir P Zharov
Conventional flow cytometry is a versatile tool for drug research and cell characterization. However, it is poorly suited for quantification of non-fluorescent proteins and artificial nanomaterials without the use of additional labeling. The rapid growth of biomedical applications for small non-fluorescent nanoparticles (NPs) for drug delivery and contrast and therapy enhancement, as well as research focused on natural cell pigments and chromophores, demands high-throughput quantification methods for the non-fluorescent components...
June 2017: Photoacoustics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415888/bioengineered-gold-nanoparticles-targeted-to-mesenchymal-cells-from-patients-with-bronchiolitis-obliterans-syndrome-does-not-rise-the-inflammatory-response-and-can-be-safely-inhaled-by-rodents
#15
Emanuela Cova, Simona Inghilleri, Laura Pandolfi, Monica Morosini, Sara Magni, Miriam Colombo, Davide Piloni, Chiara Finetti, Gabriele Ceccarelli, Laura Benedetti, Maria Gabriella Cusella, Manuela Agozzino, Fabio Corsi, Raffaele Allevi, Simona Mrakic-Sposta, Sarah Moretti, Simona De Gregori, Davide Prosperi, Federica Meloni
The use of gold nanoparticles as drug delivery system represents a promising issue for diseases without effective pharmacological treatment due to insufficient local drug accumulation and excessive systemic toxicity. Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) represents about 70% of cases of chronic lung allograft dysfunction, the main challenge to long term lung transplantation. It is believed that due to repeated insults to epithelial bronchiolar cells local inflammatory response creates a milieu that favours epithelial mesenchymal transition and activation of local mesenchymal cells leading to airway fibro-obliteration...
April 18, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415540/biocompatible-magnetite-nanoparticles-synthesized-by-one-pot-reaction-with-a-cell-membrane-mimetic-copolymer
#16
Cong Zheng, Pan Wei, Wei Dai, Linlin Wang, Botao Song, Pengxiang Jia, Yongkuan Gong
In this paper, a series of random copolymers poly(methacrylic acid -co-2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) P(MAA-co-MPC) were synthesized firstly via RAFT living polymerization. The P(MAA-co-MPC) copolymer side chains bear cell membrane phosphorylcholine zwitterions to endow biocompatibility and carboxylic groups to confer coordination with metal ions. Thus, the copolymer was adopted to modify Fe3O4 nanoparticle by a one-pot coprecipitation approach. The effects of the copolymer composition as well as the ratio between the copolymers and iron ions on the performances of the magnetite nanoparticles were researched...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415513/evaluation-of-radiolabeled-curcumin-loaded-solid-lipid-nanoparticles-usage-as-an-imaging-agent-in-liver-spleen-scintigraphy
#17
Arif Kursad Ayan, Ayse Yenilmez, Hayrettin Eroglu
Curcumin-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (C-SLNs) were prepared using micro emulsion and ultrasonication methods in the first stage of this study to determine the role of C-SLN on liver-spleen scintigraphy. It was concluded that the curcumin that was encapsulated in solid lipid nanoparticles had a β' polymorph structure according to the X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. İt was concluded that these particles were at nano scale according to the laser diffraction (LD) analysis. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis suggested an interaction between the curcumin and the solid lipid matrix, and the curcumin was loaded on the solid lipid nanoparticles...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415450/impact-of-silica-nanoparticle-surface-chemistry-on-protein-corona-formation-and-consequential-interactions-with-biological-cells
#18
Andréa Kurtz-Chalot, Christian Villiers, Jérémie Pourchez, Delphine Boudard, Matteo Martini, Patrice N Marche, Michèle Cottier, Valérie Forest
Nanoparticles (NP) physico-chemical features greatly influence NP/cell interactions. NP surface functionalization is often used to improve NP biocompatibility or to enhance cellular uptake. But in biological media, the formation of a protein corona adds a level of complexity. The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro the influence of NP surface functionalization on their cellular uptake and the biological response induced. 50nm fluorescent silica NP were functionalized either with amine or carboxylic groups, in presence or in absence of polyethylene glycol (PEG)...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415398/combinatorial-delivery-of-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-%C3%AE-fe2o3-and-doxorubicin-using-folate-conjugated-redox-sensitive-multiblock-polymeric-nanocarriers-for-enhancing-the-chemotherapeutic-efficacy-in-cancer-cells
#19
Chetan Nehate, M R Aji Alex, Arun Kumar, Veena Koul
Redox sensitive, folate conjugated multiblock polymeric system of (-PLGA-PEG-PLGA-urethane-ss-) demonstrated self-assembly into stable nanoplatforms. The polymeric nanocarriers were encapsulated with doxorubicin and highly crystalline γFe2O3 superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), for co-delivery of the same to cancer cells, with average particle size of ~170nm and zeta potential of ~-33mV. Furthermore, the designed formulation was evaluated for protein adsorption, hemo-cytocompatibility and stability...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414960/calibration-of-on-chip-cell-electroporation-by-a-pseudo-volumetric-uptake-model
#20
Kisoo Kim, Won Gu Lee
Most conventional methods for assessing uptake of exogenous molecules and nanomaterials into cells use the projected two-dimensional (2D) area of uptake intensity into individual cells. However, since most cells have a three-dimensional (3D) spherical shape, volumetric uptake cannot be quantified accurately using 2D area analysis. Here, we present a method for calibrating the electroporative uptake intensity of small molecules by using a novel predictable spherical volume (PSV) model, which is more accurate and quantitative than previous methods...
April 10, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
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