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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902468/synthesis-of-a-cell-penetrating-peptide-modified-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-and-mri-detection-of-bladder-cancer
#1
Chen Ding, Kaijie Wu, Weiyi Wang, Zhenfeng Guan, Lei Wang, Xinyang Wang, Rong Wang, Li Liu, Jinhai Fan
Bladder cancer is the most common malignancy of the urinary tract for which the accurate measurement of minimal residual disease is critical to treatment and determining prognosis. Although cystoscope examination and voided urine cytology remain the current standard of care for detecting residual disease, these approaches are limited by mechanical trauma and lack sensitivity. To develop a new accurate noninvasive method, we developed a novel contrast agent where the surface of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles is functionalized with a bladder cancer-specific fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeled cell penetrating peptide (CPP)-polyarginine peptides (R11) for active targeting and imaging...
November 24, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897986/gold-nanoparticles-in-single-cell-analysis-for-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering
#2
REVIEW
Mine Altunbek, Gamze Kuku, Mustafa Culha
The need for new therapeutic approaches in the treatment of challenging diseases such as cancer, which often consists of a highly heterogeneous and complex population of cells, brought up the idea of analyzing single cells. The development of novel techniques to analyze single cells has been intensively studied to fully understand specific alternations inducing abnormalities in cellular function. One of the techniques used for single cell analysis is surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) in which a noble metal nanoparticle is used to enhance Raman scattering...
November 25, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897205/coulomb-nanoradiator-mediated-site-specific-thrombolytic-proton-treatment-with-a-traversing-pristine-bragg-peak
#3
Jae-Kun Jeon, Sung-Mi Han, Soon-Ki Min, Seung-Jun Seo, Kyuwook Ihm, Won-Seok Chang, Jong-Ki Kim
Traversing proton beam-irradiated, mid/high-Z nanoparticles produce site-specific enhancement of X-ray photon-electron emission via the Coulomb nanoradiator (CNR) effect, resulting in a nano- to micro-scale therapeutic effect at the nanoparticle-uptake target site. Here, we demonstrate the uptake of iron oxide nanoparticles (IONs) and nanoradiator-mediated, site-specific thrombolysis without damaging the vascular endothelium in an arterial thrombosis mouse model. The enhancement of low-energy electron (LEE) emission and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production from traversing proton beam-irradiated IONs was examined...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895484/the-effect-of-dexamethasone-cell-penetrating-peptide-nanoparticles-on-gene-delivery-for-inner-ear-therapy
#4
Ji Young Yoon, Keum-Jin Yang, Shi-Nae Park, Dong-Kee Kim, Jong-Duk Kim
Dexamethasone (Dex)-loaded PHEA-g-C18-Arg8 (PCA) nanoparticles (PCA/Dex) were developed for the delivery of genes to determine the synergistic effect of Dex on gene expression. The cationic PCA nanoparticles were self-assembled to create cationic micelles containing an octadecylamine (C18) core with Dex and an arginine 8 (Arg8) peptide shell for electrostatic complexation with nucleic acids (connexin 26 [Cx26] siRNA, green fluorescent protein [GFP] DNA or brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF] pDNA). The PCA/Dex nanoparticles conjugated with Arg8, a cell-penetrating peptide that enhances permeability through a round window membrane in the inner ear for gene delivery, exhibited high uptake efficiency in HEI-OC1 cells...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895482/nanoparticle-based-strategy-for-personalized-b-cell-lymphoma-therapy
#5
Nicola M Martucci, Nunzia Migliaccio, Immacolata Ruggiero, Francesco Albano, Gaetano Calì, Simona Romano, Monica Terracciano, Ilaria Rea, Paolo Arcari, Annalisa Lamberti
B-cell lymphoma is associated with incomplete response to treatment, and the development of effective strategies targeting this disease remains challenging. A new personalized B-cell lymphoma therapy, based on a site-specific receptor-mediated drug delivery system, was developed in this study. Specifically, natural silica-based nanoparticles (diatomite) were modified to actively target the antiapoptotic factor B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 2 (Bcl2) with small interfering RNA (siRNA). An idiotype-specific peptide (Id-peptide) specifically recognized by the hypervariable region of surface immunoglobulin B-cell receptor was exploited as a homing device to ensure specific targeting of lymphoma cells...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895477/noninvasive-monitoring-of-early-antiangiogenic-therapy-response-in-human-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-xenograft-model-using-mri-with-rgd-conjugated-ultrasmall-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#6
Yanfen Cui, Caiyuan Zhang, Ran Luo, Huanhuan Liu, Zhongyang Zhang, Tianyong Xu, Yong Zhang, Dengbin Wang
PURPOSE: Arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD)-based nanoprobes allow specific imaging of integrin αvβ3, a protein overexpressed during angiogenesis. Therefore, this study applied a novel RGD-coupled, polyacrylic acid (PAA)-coated ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) (referred to as RGD-PAA-USPIO) in order to detect tumor angiogenesis and assess the early response to antiangiogenic treatment in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) xenograft model by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894196/development-and-characterization-of-folic-acid-conjugated-chitosan-nanoparticles-for-targeted-and-controlled-delivery-of-gemcitabinein-lung-cancer-therapeutics
#7
Fengqiang Wang, Yan Wang, Qingzhu Ma, Yuan Cao, Bo Yu
The present study was designed to investigate the tumor-targeting potential of gemcitabine (GEM)-loaded surface-tailored chitosan (CS)/poly (ethylene glycol) nanoparticles (FA-PEG-GEM-NPs). The nanoparticles encapsulated with GEM were prepared, characterized, and tethered with folic acid. The developed formulations were characterized with respect to particle size/poly-dispersity index, shape, and zeta potential analysis. The in vitro study shows the sustained drug-release kinetics during 48 h. The present result shows remarkable cytotoxicity rendered by GEM when delivered through FA-PEG-GEM-NPs formulation...
November 29, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894021/toxicity-of-silver-ions-and-differently-coated-silver-nanoparticles-in-allium-cepa-roots
#8
Petra Cvjetko, Anita Milošić, Ana-Marija Domijan, Ivana Vinković Vrček, Sonja Tolić, Petra Peharec Štefanić, Ilse Letofsky-Papst, Mirta Tkalec, Biljana Balen
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are the dominating nanomaterial in consumer products due to their well-known antibacterial and antifungal properties. To enhance their properties, different surface coatings may be used, which affect physico-chemical properties of AgNPs. Due to their wide application, there has been concern about possible environmental and health consequences. Since plants play a significant role in accumulation and biodistribution of many environmentally released substances, they are also very likely to be influenced by AgNPs...
November 25, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892730/delivery-of-therapeutic-rna-cleaving-oligodeoxyribonucleotides-deoxyribozymes-from-cell-culture-studies-to-clinical-trials
#9
Alesya A Fokina, Boris P Chelobanov, Masayuki Fujii, Dmitry A Stetsenko
Development of efficient in vivo delivery systems remains a major challenge en route to clinical application of antisense technology, including RNA-cleaving molecules such as deoxyribozymes (DNAzymes). The mechanisms of oligonucleotide uptake and trafficking are clearly dependent on cell type and the type of oligonucleotide analogue. It appears likely that each particular disease target would pose its own specific requirements for a delivery method. Areas covered. In this review we will discuss the available options for DNAzyme delivery in vitro and in vivo, outline various exogenous and endogenous strategies that have been, or are still being, developed and ascertain their applicability with emphasis on those methods that are currently being used in clinical trials...
November 28, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892715/incorporation-of-chemotherapeutic-agent-and-photosensitizer-in-a-low-temperature-sensitive-liposome-for-effective-chemo-hyperthermic-anticancer-activity
#10
Hanh Thuy Nguyen, Tuan Hiep Tran, Raj Kumar Thapa, Tung Thanh Pham, Jee-Heon Jeong, Yu Seok Youn, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we combined chemo- and hyperthermia therapy in a low temperature-sensitive liposome (LTSL) for potential cancer treatment. METHODS: Docetaxel (DOC) and indocyanine green (ICG) as a therapeutic agent and photosensitizer, respectively, were incorporated in a low temperature-sensitive liposome (LTSL/DI). Nanoparticles were evaluated for the physicochemical characterizations, in vitro uptake and cytotoxicity, and furthermore in vivo anticancer activity...
November 28, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892586/bovine-serum-albumin-coated-nanoparticles-for-in-vitro-activated-fluorescence
#11
Mary K Burdette, Ragini Jenkins, Yuriy Bandera, Rhonda R Powell, Terri F Bruce, Xi Yang, Yanzhang Wei, Stephen H Foulger
A fluorophore modified nanoparticle was developed that can only fluoresce when a specific environmental parameter interacts with the system. The model system consisted of an azide modified bovine serum albumin (azBSA) that had been covalently attached to an alkyne modified silicon phthalocyanine (alSiPc) derivative through a copper catalyzed azide/alkyne Huisgen cycloaddition (click reaction). The azBSA/alSiPc assembly was then clicked to a ca. 67 nm poly(propargyl acrylate) (PA) nanoparticle (PA/azBSA/alSiPc)...
November 28, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892533/small-sized-stable-lipid-nanoparticle-for-the-efficient-delivery-of-sirna-to-human-immune-cell-lines
#12
Takashi Nakamura, Moeka Kuroi, Yuki Fujiwara, Shota Warashina, Yusuke Sato, Hideyoshi Harashima
Gene silencing by small interfering RNA (siRNA) is useful for analyzing the functions of human immune cells. However, the transfection of siRNA to human immune cells is difficult. Here, we used a multifunctional envelope-type nanodevice (MEND) containing YSK12-C4 (YSK12-MEND) to efficiently introduce siRNA to human immune cell lines, Jurkat, THP-1, KG-1 and NK92. The YSK12-MEND was transfected to human immune cell lines at a siRNA dose range of 1-30 nM, resulting that maximum gene silencing efficiencies at the mRNA level in Jurkat, THP-1, KG-1 and NK92 were 96%, 96%, 91% and 75%, respectively...
November 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890657/targeting-tumor-highly-expressed-lat1-transporter-with-amino-acid-modified-nanoparticles-toward-a-novel-active-targeting-strategy-in-breast-cancer-therapy
#13
Lin Li, Xingsheng Di, Mingrui Wu, Zhisu Sun, Lu Zhong, Yongjun Wang, Qiang Fu, Qiming Kan, Jin Sun, Zhonggui He
Designing active targeting nanocarriers with increased cellular accumulation of chemotherapeutic agents is a promising strategy in cancer therapy. Herein, we report a novel active targeting strategy based on the large amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) overexpressed in a variety of cancers. Glutamate was conjugated to polyoxyethylene stearate as a targeting ligand to achieve LAT1-targeting PLGA nanoparticles. The targeting efficiency of nanoparticles was investigated in HeLa and MCF-7 cells. Significant increase in cellular uptake and cytotoxicity was observed in LAT1-targeting nanoparticles compared to the unmodified ones...
November 24, 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889810/rhodamine-bound-maghemite-as-a-long-term-dual-imaging-nanoprobe-of-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#14
Vratislav Cmiel, Josef Skopalik, Katerina Polakova, Jan Solar, Marketa Havrdova, David Milde, Ivan Justan, Massimiliano Magro, Zenon Starcuk, Ivo Provaznik
In the last few years, magnetically labeled cells have been intensively explored, and non-invasive cell tracking and magnetic manipulation methods have been tested in preclinical studies focused on cell transplantation. For clinical applications, it is desirable to know the intracellular pathway of nanoparticles, which can predict their biocompatibility with cells and the long-term imaging properties of labeled cells. Here, we quantified labeling efficiency, localization, and fluorescence properties of Rhodamine derivatized superparamagnetic maghemite nanoparticles (SAMN-R) in mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC)...
November 26, 2016: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888833/interaction-of-rat-alveolar-macrophages-with-dental-composite-dust
#15
K L Van Landuyt, S M Cokic, C Asbach, P Hoet, L Godderis, F X Reichl, B Van Meerbeek, A Vennemann, M Wiemann
BACKGROUND: Dental composites have become the standard filling material to restore teeth, but during the placement of these restorations, high amounts of respirable composite dust (<5 μm) including many nano-sized particles may be released in the breathing zone of the patient and dental operator. Here we tested the respirable fraction of several composite particles for their cytotoxic effect using an alveolar macrophage model system. ​METHODS: Composite dust was generated following a clinical protocol, and the dust particles were collected under sterile circumstances...
November 26, 2016: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888498/chitosan-nanolayered-cisplatin-loaded-lipid-nanoparticles-for-enhanced-anticancer-efficacy-in-cervical-cancer
#16
Jing-Yi Wang, Yu Wang, Xia Meng
In this study, cisplatin (CDDP)-loaded chitosan-coated solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) was successfully formulated to treat HeLa cervical carcinoma. The formulation nanoparticles were nanosized and exhibited a controlled release of drug in physiological conditions. The blank nanoparticles exhibited an excellent biocompatibility profile indicating its suitability for cancer targeting. The incorporation of CDDP in SLN remarkably increased the cancer cell death as evident from the MTT assay. Importantly, CDDP-loaded chitosan-coated SLN (CChSLN) significantly (P < 0...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888450/effects-of-chromium-loaded-chitosan-nanoparticles-on-glucose-transporter-4-relevant-mrna-and-proteins-of-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-akt2-kinase-and-amp-activated-protein-kinase-of-skeletal-muscles-in-finishing-pigs
#17
Lujie Liu, Bin Wang, Yudan He, Wenjing Tao, Zixun Liu, Minqi Wang
The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of chromium-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (Cr-CNP) on glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), relevant messenger RNA (mRNA), and proteins involved in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt2-kinase, and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) of skeletal muscles in finishing pigs. A total of 120 crossbred barrows (BW 65.00 ± 1.26 kg) were randomly allotted to four dietary treatments, with three pens per treatment and 10 pigs per pen. Pigs were fed the basal diet supplemented with 0, 100, 200, or 400 μg/kg of Cr from Cr-CNP for 35 days...
November 25, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887884/calcium-phosphate-nanoparticles-functionalized-with-alendronate-conjugated-polyethylene-glycol-peg-for-the-treatment-of-bone-metastasis
#18
Weijing Chu, Yanjuan Huang, Chanzhen Yang, Yunhui Liao, Xuefei Zhang, Mina Yan, Shengmiao Cui, Chunshun Zhao
Because of the peculiarity of the bone microstructure, the uptake of chemotherapeutics often happens at non-targeted sites, which induces side effects. In order to solve this problem, we designed a bone-targeting drug delivery system that can release drug exclusively in the nidus of the bone. Alendronate (ALN), which has a high ability to target to hydroxyapatite, was used to fabricate double ALN-conjugated poly (ethylene glycol) 2000 material (ALN-PEG2k-ALN). The ALN-PEG2k-ALN was characterized using (1)H NMR and (31)P NMR and FTIR...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887775/bactericidal-dental-nanocomposites-containing-1-2-3-triazolium-functionalized-poss-additive-prepared-through-thiol-ene-click-polymerization
#19
Saeed Beigi Burujeny, Hamid Yeganeh, Mohammad Atai, Hoshyar Gholami, Marzieh Sorayya
OBJECTIVE: Deterioration of mechanical strength for the dental composite containing ionic bactericidal compounds restricts the widespread utilization of this class of useful materials. This problem is originated from the reduction of the intermolecular interaction of polymeric network due to plasticization effect of absorbed water molecules penetrated between the chain segments. The main goal of this study is the synthesis of the highly efficient bactericidal additive with low hydrophilicity and consequently the least adverse effect on the final mechanical strength of the dental composite...
November 22, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886401/not-all-that-glitters-is-gold-electron-microscopy-study-on-uptake-of-gold-nanoparticles-in-daphnia-magna-and-related-artefacts
#20
Louise Helene Søgaard Jensen, Lars Michael Skjolding, Amalie Thit, Sara Nørgaard Sørensen, Carsten Købler, Kristian Mølhave, Anders Baun
Increasing use of engineered nanoparticles has led to extensive research into their potential hazards to the environment and human health. Cellular uptake from the gut is sparsely investigated and microscopy techniques applied for uptake studies can result in misinterpretations. Various microscopy techniques are used to investigate internalization of 10 nm gold nanoparticles in Daphnia magna gut lumen and gut epithelial cells upon 24h exposure and outline potential artefacts, i.e. high contract precipitates from sample preparation related to these techniques...
November 25, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
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