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insulin-like growth factor receptor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822091/effect-of-ap102-a-subtype-2-and-5-specific-somatostatin-analog-on-glucose-metabolism-in-rats
#1
Erika Tarasco, Petra Seebeck, Svende Pfundstein, Adrian F Daly, Philippe J Eugster, Alan G Harris, Eric Grouzmann, Thomas A Lutz, Christina N Boyle
PURPOSE: Somatostatin analogs are widely used to treat conditions associated with hormonal hypersecretion such as acromegaly and metastatic neuroendocrine tumors. First generation somatostatin analogs, such as octreotide and lanreotide, have high affinity for somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (SSTR2), but have incomplete efficacy in many patients. Pasireotide targets multiple SSTRs, having the highest affinity for SSTR5, but causes hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitus in preclinical and clinical studies...
August 18, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821609/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-signalling-is-essential-for-mitochondrial-biogenesis-and-mitophagy-in-cancer-cells
#2
Amy Lyons, Michael Coleman, Sarah Riis, Cedric Favre, Ciara H O'Flanagan, Alexander V Zhdanov, Dmitri B Papkovsky, Stephen D Hursting, Rosemary O'Connor
Mitochondrial activity and metabolic reprogramming influence the phenotype of cancer cells and resistance to targeted therapy. We previously established that an Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1)-inducible mitochondrial UTP carrier (PNC1/SLC25A33) promotes cell growth. This prompted us to investigate whether IGF signaling is essential for mitochondrial maintenance in cancer cells, and whether this contributes to therapy resistance. Here, we show that IGF-1 stimulates mitochondrial biogenesis in a range of cell lines...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819416/expression-of-cd133-in-endometrial-cancer-cells-and-its-implications
#3
Dah-Ching Ding, Hwan-Wun Liu, Yu-Hsun Chang, Tang-Yuan Chu
Cancer stem cells are an attractive therapeutic target for cancer. The present study examined stem cell characteristics of CD133+ cells isolated from endometrial cancer. Phenotypic characteristics, proliferation, migration, anchorage-independent growth, chemoresistance, gene expression profile and tumorigenicity of CD133+ tumor cells were assessed. Primary tumor exhibited immunoreactivity for CD133. Endometrial CD133+ tumor cells enhanced proliferation rate, colony formation, chemotaxis migration ability, and chemoresistance to cisplatin, paclitaxel, and doxorubicin than CD133- cells...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815409/insulin-like-growth-factor-igf-pathway-targeting-in-cancer-role-of-the-igf-axis-and-opportunities-for-future-combination-studies
#4
Aaron Simpson, Wilfride Petnga, Valentine M Macaulay, Ulrike Weyer-Czernilofsky, Thomas Bogenrieder
Despite a strong preclinical rationale for targeting the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis in cancer, clinical studies of IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R)-targeted monotherapies have been largely disappointing, and any potential success has been limited by the lack of validated predictive biomarkers for patient enrichment. A large body of preclinical evidence suggests that the key role of the IGF axis in cancer is in driving treatment resistance, via general proliferative/survival mechanisms, interactions with other mitogenic signaling networks, and class-specific mechanisms such as DNA damage repair...
August 16, 2017: Targeted Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810880/nlrp7-contributes-to-in-vitro-decidualization-of-endometrial-stromal-cells
#5
Jyun-Yuan Huang, Pei-Hsiu Yu, Yueh-Chun Li, Pao-Lin Kuo
BACKGROUND: Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NACHT), leucine rich repeat (LRR) and pyrin domain (PYD) 7 containing protein, NLRP7, is a member of the NLR family which serves as innate immune sensors. Mutations and genetic variants of NLRP7 have been found in women with infertility associated conditions, such as recurrent hydatidiform mole, recurrent miscarriage, and preeclampsia. Decidualization of endometrial stromal cells is a hallmark of tissue remodeling to support embryo implantation and proper placental development...
August 15, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810619/microrna-503-suppresses-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-in-osteosarcoma-via-targeting-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor
#6
Zili Wang, Chenhuang Zheng, Kunqi Jiang, Jinshen He, Xu Cao, Song Wu
MicroRNAs (miRs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs and have key roles in various cancer types. Recently, miR-503 has been reported to act as a tumor suppressor in osteosarcoma. However, the detailed mechanism of the regulatory role of miR-503 in osteosarcoma cell proliferation and invasion has largely remained elusive. The present study found that miR-503 was significantly downregulated in osteosarcoma tissues compared to that in matched adjacent non-tumorous tissues. In addition, the expression of miR-503 in osteosarcoma of T3-T4 stage was significantly lower when compared with that in T1-T2 stage samples...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810236/microrna-375-inhibits-growth-and-enhances-radiosensitivity-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-by-targeting-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor
#7
Bin Zhang, Ying Li, Daorong Hou, Quan Shi, Shuo Yang, Qihong Li
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as key players in various human biological processes, including tumorigenesis. Here, we investigated the roles of miR-375 in the pathogenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHODS: We performed quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) to detect miR-375 expression in OSCC tissues and corresponding normal oral epithelial tissues and analyze the correlation of miR-375 expression with OSCC metastasis and patient's survival...
August 15, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808415/foxo-signaling-pathways-as-therapeutic-targets-in-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Mohd Farhan, Haitao Wang, Uma Gaur, Peter J Little, Jiangping Xu, Wenhua Zheng
Many transcription factors play a key role in cellular differentiation and the delineation of cell phenotype. Transcription factors are regulated by phosphorylation, ubiquitination, acetylation/deacetylation and interactions between two or more proteins controlling multiple signaling pathways. These pathways regulate different physiological processes and pathological events, such as cancer and other diseases. The Forkhead box O (FOXO) is one subfamily of the fork head transcription factor family with important roles in cell fate decisions and this subfamily is also suggested to play a pivotal functional role as a tumor suppressor in a wide range of cancers...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801055/therapy-with-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-or-conditioned-medium-reverse-cardiac-alterations-in-a-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-model
#9
P S Daltro, B C Barreto, P G Silva, P Chenaud Neto, P H F Sousa Filho, D Santana Neta, G B Carvalho, D N Silva, B D Paredes, A C de Alcantara, L A R Freitas, R D Couto, R R Santos, B S F Souza, M B P Soares, S G Macambira
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with numerous cardiac complications, including arrhythmias, cardiac fibrosis, remodeling and heart failure. Here we evaluated the therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and their conditioned medium (CM) to treat cardiac complications in a mouse model of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. METHODS: After obesity induction and HFD withdrawal, obese mice were treated with MSCs, CM or vehicle. Cardiac function was assessed using electrocardiography, echocardiography and treadmill test...
August 8, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800315/mir-99a-suppresses-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells-through-inhibiting-the-igf1r-signaling-pathway
#10
Li-Li Mei, Yun-Tan Qiu, Meng-Bing Huang, Wen-Jun Wang, Jie Bai, Zhi-Zhou Shi
miR-99a is down-regulated in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), however the role and underlying mechanism are still unknown. We aim to explore the role and mechanism of miR-99a down-regulation in ESCC. The expression of miR-99a in ESCC tissues and cell lines was detected by Human miRNA Microarrays and Real-time PCR. The effects of miR-99a on cell proliferation, migration and invasion were determined by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, transwell migration and invasion assay. Target gene of miR-99a were analyzed by target prediction software and validated by Real-time PCR and Western blotting assay...
July 31, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795851/selective-induction-of-apoptosis-in-mcf7-cancer-cell-by-targeted-liposomes-functionalized-with-mannose-6-phosphate
#11
Cristina Minnelli, Laura Cianfruglia, Emiliano Laudadio, Roberta Galeazzi, Michela Pisani, Emanuela Crucianelli, Davide Bizzaro, Tatiana Armeni, Giovanna Mobbili
Liposomes are versatile platforms to carry anticancer drugs in targeted drug delivery; they can be surface modified by different strategies and, when coupled with targeting ligands, are able to increase cellular internalization and organelle-specific drug delivery. An interesting strategy of antitumoral therapy could involve the use of lysosomotropic ligand-targeted liposomes loaded with molecules, which can induce lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP), leakage of cathepsins into the cytoplasm and subsequent apoptosis...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795385/hsa_circ_0045714-regulates-chondrocyte-proliferation-apoptosis-and-extracellular-matrix-synthesis-by-promoting-the-expression-of-mir-193b-target-gene-igf1r
#12
Bao-Feng Li, Ying Zhang, Jin Xiao, Fei Wang, Mei Li, Xiao-Ze Guo, Hui-Bin Xie, Hong Xia, Bei Chen
In recent years, some studies have been made on the effects of circular RNA (circRNA) in osteoarthritis (OA) and so on; however, its mechanisms remain to be further explored. Studies have shown that tumor necrosis factor-alpha can inhibit hsa_circ_0045714 expression in chondrocytes so as to upregulate miR-193b expression. Dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) is a key target gene of miR-193b. Hsa_circ_0045714 over-expression does not influence miR-193b expression, but can inhibit its transcriptional activity, thereby upregulating IGF1R expression...
August 9, 2017: Human Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794445/igf-1-receptor-regulates-dynamic-changes-in-neuronal-polarity-during-cerebral-cortical-migration
#13
Álvaro F Nieto Guil, Mariana Oksdath, Linnea A Weiss, Diego J Grassi, Lucas J Sosa, Marta Nieto, Santiago Quiroga
During cortical development, neurons undergo polarization, oriented migration and layer-type differentiation. The biological and biochemical mechanisms underlying these processes are not completely understood. In neurons in culture we showed that IGF-1 receptor activation is important for growth cone assembly and axonal formation. However, the possible roles of the insulin like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) on neuronal differentiation and polarization in vivo in mammals have not yet been studied. Using in utero electroporation, we show here that the IGF-1R is essential for neocortical development...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793874/picropodophyllin-ppp-is-a-potent-rhabdomyosarcoma-growth-inhibitor-both-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#14
Maciej Tarnowski, Marta Tkacz, Katarzyna Zgutka, Joanna Bujak, Patrycja Kopytko, Andrzej Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Insulin-like growth factors and insulin are important factors promoting cancer growth and metastasis. The molecules act through IGF1 (IGF1R) and insulin (InsR) receptors. Rhambodmyosarcomas (RMS) overproduce IGF2 - a potent ligand for IGF1R and, at the same time, highly express IGF1 receptor. The purpose of the study was to evaluate possible application of picropodophyllin (PPP) - a potent IGF1R inhibitor. METHODS: In our study we used a number of in vitro assays showing influence of IGF1R blockage on RMS cell lines (both ARMS and ERMS) proliferation, migration, adhesion, cell cycling and signal transduction pathways...
August 9, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782538/circulating-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-proteins-in-fish-their-identities-and-physiological-regulation
#15
REVIEW
Munetaka Shimizu, Walton W Dickhoff
Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) play crucial roles in regulating the availability of IGFs to receptors and prolong the half-lives of IGFs. There are six IGFBPs present in the mammalian circulation with IGFBP-3 being most abundant. In mammals IGFBP-3 is the major carrier of circulating IGFs, facilitated by forming a ternary complex with IGF and an acid-labile subunit (ALS). IGFBP-1 is generally inhibitory to IGF action by preventing it from interacting with its receptors. In teleosts, the third-round of vertebrate whole genome duplication created paralogs of each IGFBP, except IGFBP-4...
August 3, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781934/signaling-in-parasitic-nematodes-physicochemical-communication-between-host-and-parasite-and-endogenous-molecular-transduction-pathways-governing-worm-development-and-survival
#16
James B Lok
Signaling or communication between host and parasite may occur over relatively long ranges to enable host finding and acquisition by infective parasitic nematode larvae. Innate behaviors in infective larvae transmitted from the soil that enhance the likelihood of host contact, such as negative geotaxis and hypermotility, are likely mediated by mechanoreception and neuromuscular signaling. Host cues such as vibration of the substratum, elevated temperature, exhaled CO2, and other volatile odorants are perceived by mechanosensory and chemosensory neurons of the amphidial complex...
December 2016: Current Clinical Microbiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776905/expression-of-cytokine-and-extracellular-matrix-mrnas-in-fetal-hepatic-stellate-cells
#17
Keai Sinn Tan, Kasem Kulkeaw, Yoichi Nakanishi, Daisuke Sugiyama
In mouse fetal liver, hepatoblasts, sinusoidal endothelial cells and macrophages (or erythroblastic islands) promote differentiation and proliferation of hematopoietic cells through cell-cell interactions and secretion of cytokines and extracellular matrix factors. Until now, we have had little knowledge of the hematopoietic cytokines or extracellular matrix mRNAs expressed in hepatic stellate cells. Using p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) to mark this cell population, we sorted 12.5, 14.5 and 16.5 dpc hepatic stellate cells and analyzed expression of cytokines and extracellular matrix mRNAs...
August 4, 2017: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776290/synthesis-characterization-and-evaluation-of-cd-l-proline-2-a-novel-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-that-induces-epigenetic-modification-of-histone-deacetylase-isoforms-in-a549-cells
#18
Anusha Chidambaram, Arunachalam Sekar, Kavya S H, Ramesh Kumar Chidambaram, Kalaiarasi Arunachalam, Senthilkumar G P, Ravikumar Vilwanathan
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play an important role in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression through their effects on the compact chromatin structure. In clinical studies, several classes of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) have demonstrated potent anticancer activities with metal complexes. Hence, we synthesized cadmium-proline complexes using both the D- and L-isomers of proline and evaluated their biological activities by observing the efficiency of their inhibition of HDAC activity, ability to reduce the expression of HDAC isoforms in A549 cells and effect on apoptosis...
August 3, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772281/randomised-phase-2-study-of-maintenance-linsitinib-osi-906-in-combination-with-erlotinib-compared-with-placebo-plus-erlotinib-after-platinum-based-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
Tudor-Eliade Ciuleanu, Samreen Ahmed, Joo-Hang Kim, Jörg Mezger, Keunchil Park, Michael Thomas, Jihong Chen, Srinivasu Poondru, Jan M VanTornout, Debbie Whitcomb, Fiona Blackhall
BACKGROUND: Maintenance therapy is important in advanced/metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Erlotinib as switch maintenance following platinum-based chemotherapy increases survival. Cross-talk between the epidermal growth factor receptor and insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGFR) pathways mediate resistance to individual receptor blockade. This study compared maintenance linsitinib plus erlotinib vs erlotinib plus placebo in patients with NSCLC. METHODS: In this Phase II randomised trial, patients without progression following four cycles of first-line platinum-based chemotherapy (N=205) received continuous schedule maintenance oral linsitinib 150 mg or placebo BID combined with erlotinib 150 mg QD for 21-day cycles...
August 3, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771323/synthetic-advances-in-insulin-like-peptides-enable-novel-bioactivity
#20
Fa Liu, Pengyun Li, Vasily Gelfanov, John Mayer, Richard DiMarchi
Insulin is a miraculous hormone that has served a seminal role in the treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes for nearly a century. Insulin resides within in a superfamily of structurally related peptides that are distinguished by three invariant disulfide bonds that anchor the three-dimensional conformation of the hormone. The additional family members include the insulin-like growth factors (IGF) and the relaxin-related set of peptides that includes the so-called insulin-like peptides. Advances in peptide chemistry and rDNA-based synthesis have enabled the preparation of multiple insulin analogues...
August 3, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
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