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insulin-like growth factor receptor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043663/nephrotoxicity-induced-by-cisplatin-intake-in-experimental-rats-and-therapeutic-approach-of-using-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-spironolactone
#1
Mohamed M Elseweidy, Mervat E Askar, Sahar E Elswefy, Mohamed Shawky
Chronic kidney disease may lead to subsequent tissue fibrosis. However, many factors can combat injurious stimuli in these tissues aiming to repair, heal, and alleviate any disturbance. Chemokines release, migration of inflammatory cells to the affected site, and activation of fibroblasts for the production of extracellular matrix are commonly observed in this disease. In the last years, many studies have focused on spironolactone (SPL), a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist, and its pharmacological effects...
October 17, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042933/effects-of-exogenous-growth-hormone-administration-on-dexamethasone-induced-growth-impairment-in-adolescent-male-rats
#2
Myung-Gyou Kim, Jeong-Seok Oh, Hye Kyung Kim, Kang-Hyun Leem
Growth impairment (GI) is one of the adverse effects of dexamethasone (DXM), and growth hormone (GH) has been used clinically to improve GI. The present study aimed to evaluate the manner in which DXM disturbs the growth rate of longitudinal bones, and the recovery effects of GH on DXM-induced GI in the longitudinal bones of adolescent male rats. In the first experiment, DXM (0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 5 mg/kg) was administered subcutaneously to identify a potential dose-dependent activity and calculate the median effective dose (ED50) of DXM-induced GI...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041003/depression-in-the-context-of-medical-disorders-new-pharmacological-pathways-revisited
#3
Undine E Lang, Marc Walter
The depressive state has been characterised as one of elevated inflammation, changed cardiovascular parameters and a deranged metabolic situation all of which holds promise for a better understanding and handling of treatment-resistance in affective disorders as well as for future developments in treatment algorithms. In this context several biomarkers are differentially regulated by antidepressant treatment and connected to metabolic, inflammatory, cardiovascular and apoptotic components of the pathophysiology, i...
October 17, 2017: Neuro-Signals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040448/male-brown-fat-specific-double-knockout-of-igfir-ir-atrophy-mitochondrial-fission-failure-impaired-thermogenesis-and-obesity
#4
Vanesa Viana-Huete, Carlos Guillén, Gema García, Silvia Fernández, Ana García-Aguilar, C R Kahn, Manuel Benito
It is unknown how the lack of IR (insulin receptor)/ IGFIR (insulin like growth factor receptor) in a tissue-specific manner does affect brown fat development and mitochondrial integrity and function and its impact on the redistribution of the adipose organ and the metabolic status. To address this important issue, we have developed the IR/IGFIR double knockout in brown adipose tissue-specific manner (DKO). Lack of those receptors caused a severe brown fat atrophy, an enhanced beige cell clusters in inguinal fat, loss of mitochondrial mass, mitochondrial damage related to cristae disruption, and the loss of proteins involved in autophagosome formation, mitophagy, mitochondrial quality control and dynamics and thermogenesis...
October 10, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039467/insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-6-released-from-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-confers-neuronal-protection-through-igf-1r-mediated-signaling
#5
Hyo-Jin Jeon, Jihye Park, Joo-Hyun Shin, Mi-Sook Chang
Human bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are a desirable cell source for cell‑based therapy to treat nervous system injuries due to their ability to differentiate into specific cell types. In addition to their multipotency, hMSCs render the tissue microenvironment more favorable for tissue repair by secreting various growth factors. Our previous study demonstrated that hMSCs secrete several growth factors, including several insulin‑like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs). Among these, IGFBP‑6 binds with high affinity and inhibits insulin growth factor‑2 (IGF‑2) to inhibit the growth of IGF‑2‑dependent tumors...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037141/analysis-of-four-circulating-complexes-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-proteins-in-human-blood-during-aging
#6
O Nedić, M Šunderić, N Gligorijević, V Malenković, G Miljuš
The primary role of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) is to regulate availability of IGFs for interacting with receptors, but IGFBPs perform IGF-independent actions as well. The availability and activity of IGFBPs in the circulation is influenced primarily by their concentration and structural modifications, but possibly also by interaction with major plasma proteins such as transferrin, alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2M), and fibrinogen. Four types of circulating IGFBP complexes were examined in this study by immuno- and ligand-binding assays in adults of different age...
October 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029433/h2o2-attenuates-igf-1r-tyrosine-phosphorylation-and-its-survival-signaling-properties-in-neuronal-cells-via-nr2b-containing-nmda-receptor
#7
Zhiwen Zeng, Dejun Wang, Uma Gaur, Liao Rifang, Haitao Wang, Wenhua Zheng
Impairment of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) signaling plays an important role in the development of neurodegeneration. In the present study, we investigated the effect of H2O2 on the survival signaling of IGF-1 and its underlying mechanisms in human neuronal cells SH-SY5Y. Our results showed that IGF-1 promoted cell survival and stimulated phosphorylation of IGF-1R as well as its downstream targets like AKT and ERK1/2 in these cells. Meanwhile, these effects of IGF-1 were abolished by H2O2 at 200μM concentration which did not cause any significant toxicity to cells itself in our experiments...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029116/upregulation-of-irs1-enhances-igf1-response-in-y537s-and-d538g-esr1-mutant-breast-cancer-cells
#8
Zheqi Li, Kevin M Levine, Amir Bahreini, Peilu Wang, David Chu, Ben Ho Park, Steffi Oesterreich, Adrian V Lee
Increased evidence suggests that somatic mutations in the ligand binding domain of estrogen receptor (ERα/ESR1) are critical mediators of endocrine-resistant breast cancer progression. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) is an essential regulator of breast development and tumorigenesis, and also has a role in endocrine resistance. A recent study showed enhanced crosstalk between IGF1 and ERα in ESR1 mutant cells, but detailed mechanisms are incompletely understood. Using genome-edited MCF-7 and T47D cell lines harboring Y537S and D538G ESR1 mutations, we characterized altered IGF1 signaling...
September 27, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028222/role-of-rbp2-induced-er-and-igf1r-erbb-signaling-in-tamoxifen-resistance-in-breast-cancer
#9
Hee-Joo Choi, Hyeong-Seok Joo, Hee-Young Won, Kyueng-Whan Min, Hyung-Yong Kim, Taekwon Son, Young-Ha Oh, Jeong-Yeon Lee, Gu Kong
Background: Despite the benefit of endocrine therapy, acquired resistance during or after treatment still remains a major challenge in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. We investigated the potential role of histone demethylase retinoblastoma-binding protein 2 (RBP2) in endocrine therapy resistance of breast cancer. Methods: Survival of breast cancer patients according to RBP2 expression was analyzed in three different breast cancer cohorts including METABRIC (n = 1980) and KM plotter (n = 1764)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989976/hematopoietic-stem-cell-derived-adipocytes-promote-tumor-growth-and-cancer-cell-migration
#10
Y Xiong, D L Russell, L T McDonald, L A Cowart, A C LaRue
Adipocytes, apart from their critical role as the energy storage depots, contribute to the composition of the tumor microenvironment. Our previous studies based on a single hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation model, have revealed a novel source of adipocytes from HSCs via monocyte/macrophage progenitors. Herein, we extend these studies to examine the role of HSC-derived adipocytes (HSC-Ad) in tumor progression. When cultured under adipogenic conditions, bone marrow-derived monocytic progenitors differentiated into adipocytes that accumulated oil droplets containing triglyceride...
2017: International Journal of Cancer Research and Molecular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983871/human-amylin-induces-cd4-foxp3-regulatory-t-cells-in-the-protection-from-autoimmune-diabetes
#11
Xiao-Xi Zhang, Yong-Chao Qiao, Wan Li, Xia Zou, Yin-Ling Chen, Jian Shen, Qin-Yuan Liao, Qiu-Jin Zhang, Lan He, Hai-Lu Zhao
Autoimmune diabetes is a disorder of immune homeostasis that leads to targeted insulin-secreting islet β cell destruction characterized by insulitis. Human amylin (hA) is an important neuroendocrine hormone co-secreted with insulin by pancreatic β cells. Here, we report hA immune-modulatory action through inducing regulatory T cells. We ex vivo-treated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMCs) with hA for 24 h and counted CD4+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Treg) using flow cytometry. Diabetic status was monitored and splenic Treg were measured in non-obese diabetic (NOD) male mice...
October 5, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981462/gh-igf-1-signaling-and-current-knowledge-of-epigenetics-a-review-and-considerations-on-possible-therapeutic-options
#12
REVIEW
Francisco Álvarez-Nava, Roberto Lanes
Epigenetic mechanisms play an important role in the regulation of the Growth Hormone- Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (GH-IGF1) axis and in processes for controlling long bone growth, and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Improvement of methodologies that allow for the assessment of epigenetic regulation have contributed enormously to the understanding of GH action, but many questions still remain to be clarified. The reversible nature of epigenetic factors and, particularly, their role as mediators between the genome and the environment, make them viable therapeutic target candidates...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980721/igf-1-signaling-mediated-cell-specific-skeletal-mechano-transduction
#13
REVIEW
Faming Tian, Yongmei Wang, Daniel D Bikle
Mechanical loading preserves bone mass and stimulates bone formation, whereas skeletal unloading leads to bone loss. In addition to osteocytes, which are considered the primary sensor of mechanical load, osteoblasts and bone specific mesenchymal stem cells also are involved. The skeletal response to mechanical signals is a complex process regulated by multiple signaling pathways including that of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Conditional osteocyte deletion of IGF-1 ablates the osteogenic response to mechanical loading...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979927/breast-cancer-risk-factors-in-relation-to-estrogen-receptor-progesterone-receptor-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-and-ki67-expression-in-normal-breast-tissue
#14
Hannah Oh, A Heather Eliassen, Andrew H Beck, Bernard Rosner, Stuart J Schnitt, Laura C Collins, James L Connolly, Laleh Montaser-Kouhsari, Walter C Willett, Rulla M Tamimi
Studies have suggested that hormone receptor and Ki67 expression in normal breast tissue are associated with subsequent breast cancer risk. We examined the associations of breast cancer risk factors with estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R), and Ki67 expression in normal breast tissue. This analysis included 388 women with benign breast disease (ages 17-67 years) in the Nurses' Health Studies. Immunohistochemical staining was performed on tissue microarrays constructed from benign biopsies containing normal breast epithelium and scored as the percentage of epithelial cells that were positively stained...
2017: NPJ Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978616/integrative-analysis-of-gwas-eqtls-and-meqtls-data-suggests-that-multiple-gene-sets-are-associated-with-bone-mineral-density
#15
W Wang, S Huang, W Hou, Y Liu, Q Fan, A He, Y Wen, J Hao, X Guo, F Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Several genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of bone mineral density (BMD) have successfully identified multiple susceptibility genes, yet isolated susceptibility genes are often difficult to interpret biologically. The aim of this study was to unravel the genetic background of BMD at pathway level, by integrating BMD GWAS data with genome-wide expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) and methylation quantitative trait loci (meQTLs) data METHOD: We employed the GWAS datasets of BMD from the Genetic Factors for Osteoporosis Consortium (GEFOS), analysing patients' BMD...
October 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973479/insulin-receptor-isoforms-in-physiology-and-disease-an-updated-view
#16
Antonino Belfiore, Roberta Malaguarnera, Veronica Vella, Michael C Lawrence, Laura Sciacca, Francesco Frasca, Andrea Morrione, Riccardo Vigneri
The insulin receptor (IR) gene undergoes differential splicing that generates two IR isoforms, IR-A and IR-B. The physiological roles of IR isoforms are incompletely understood and appear to be determined by their different binding affinities for insulin-like growth factors (IGFs), particularly for IGF-2. Predominant roles of IR-A in prenatal growth and development and of IR-B in metabolic regulation are well established. However, emerging evidence indicates that the differential expression of IR isoforms may also help explain the diversification of insulin and IGF signaling and actions in various organs and tissues by involving not only different ligand-binding affinities but also different membrane partitioning and trafficking and possibly different abilities to interact with a variety of molecular partners...
October 1, 2017: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972999/effects-of-insulin-like-growth-factors-on-early-embryonic-chick-limb-myogenesis
#17
Rabeea Hazim Mohammed, Helen Anderton, John Michael Brameld, Dylan Sweetman
Limb muscles derive from pax3 expressing precursor cells that migrate from the hypaxial somite into the developing limb bud. Once there they begin to differentiate and express muscle determination genes such as MyoD. This process is regulated by a combination of inductive or inhibitory signals including Fgf18, retinoic acid, HGF, Notch and IGFs. IGFs are well known to affect late stages of muscle development and to promote both proliferation and differentiation. We examined their roles in early stage limb bud myogenesis using chicken embryos as an experimental model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972962/igf-1r-associates-with-adverse-outcomes-after-radical-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#18
Tamara Aleksic, Clare Verrill, Richard J Bryant, Cheng Han, Andrew Ross Worrall, Laurent Brureau, Stephane Larré, Geoff S Higgins, Fahad Fazal, Ahmad Sabbagh, Syed Haider, Francesca M Buffa, David Cole, Valentine M Macaulay
BACKGROUND: Activated type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptors (IGF-1Rs) undergo internalisation and nuclear translocation, promoting cell survival. We previously reported that IGF-1R inhibition delays DNA damage repair, sensitising prostate cancer cells to ionising radiation. Here we tested the clinical relevance of these findings. METHODS: We assessed associations between IGF-1R and clinical outcomes by immunohistochemistry in diagnostic biopsies of 136 men treated with 55-70 Gy external beam radiotherapy for prostate cancer, comparing results with publicly available transcriptional data in surgically treated patients...
October 3, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968974/cap-dependent-translational-control-of-oncolytic-measles-virus-infection-in-malignant-mesothelioma
#19
Blake A Jacobson, Ahad A Sadiq, Shaogeng Tang, Joe Jay-Dixon, Manish R Patel, Jeremy Drees, Brent S Sorenson, Stephen J Russell, Robert A Kratzke
Malignant mesothelioma has a poor prognosis for which there remains an urgent need for successful treatment approaches. Infection with the Edmonston vaccine strain (MV-Edm) derivative of measles virus results in lysis of cancer cells and has been tested in clinical trials for numerous tumor types including mesothelioma. Many factors play a role in MV-Edm tumor cell selectivity and cytopathic activity while also sparing non-cancerous cells. The MV-Edm receptor CD46 (cluster of differentiation 46) was demonstrated to be significantly higher in mesothelioma cells than in control cells...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963101/chronic-psychological-stress-accelerates-vascular-senescence-and-impairs-ischemia-induced-neovascularization-the-role-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-glucagon-like-peptide-1-adiponectin-axis
#20
Limei Piao, Guangxian Zhao, Enbo Zhu, Aiko Inoue, Rei Shibata, Yanna Lei, Lina Hu, Chenglin Yu, Guang Yang, Hongxian Wu, Wenhu Xu, Kenji Okumura, Noriyuki Ouchi, Toyoaki Murohara, Masafumi Kuzuya, Xian Wu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Exposure to psychosocial stress is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including vascular aging and regeneration. Given that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) regulates several intracellular signaling pathways associated with the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) metabolism, we investigated the role of DPP4/GLP-1 axis in vascular senescence and ischemia-induced neovascularization in mice under chronic stress, with a special focus on adiponectin -mediated peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ/its co-activator 1α (PGC-1α) activation...
September 28, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
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