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insulin-like growth factor receptor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545426/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-affects-the-survival-of-primary-prostate-cancer-patients-depending-on-tmprss2-erg-status
#1
Caterina Mancarella, Irene Casanova-Salas, Ana Calatrava, Maria García-Flores, Cecilia Garofalo, Andrea Grilli, José Rubio-Briones, Katia Scotlandi, José Antonio López-Guerrero
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is characterized by clinical and biological heterogeneity and has differential outcomes and mortality rates. Therefore, it is necessary to identify molecular alterations to define new therapeutic strategies based on the risk of progression. In this study, the prognostic relevance of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system was examined in molecular subtypes defined by TMPRSS2-ERG (T2E) gene fusion within a series of patients with primary localized PCa...
May 25, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544786/mir-122-modification-enhances-the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-against-liver-fibrosis
#2
Guohua Lou, Ying Yang, Feifei Liu, Bingjue Ye, Zhi Chen, Min Zheng, Yanning Liu
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation alone may be insufficient for treatment of liver fibrosis because of complicated histopathological changes in the liver. Given that miR-122 plays an essential role in liver fibrosis by negatively regulating the proliferation and transactivation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), this study investigated whether miR-122 modification can improve the therapeutic efficacy of adipose tissue-derived MSCs in treating liver fibrosis. MiR-122-modified AMSCs (AMSC-122) were constructed through lentivirus-mediated transfer of pre-miR-122...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544544/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-signaling-is-responsible-for-cathepsin-g-induced-aggregation-of-breast-cancer-mcf-7-cells
#3
Riyo Morimoto-Kamata, Satoru Yui
Cathepsin G (CG), a neutrophil serine protease, induces cell migration and multicellular aggregation of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells in a process that is dependent on E-cadherin and CG enzymatic activity. While these tumor cell aggregates can cause tumor emboli that could represent intravascular growth and extravasation into the surrounding tissues, resulting in metastasis, the molecular mechanism underlying this process remains poorly characterized. In this study, we aimed to identify the signaling pathway that is triggered during CG-mediated stimulation of cell aggregation...
May 24, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534942/gene-expression-analysis-of-growth-factor-receptors-in-human-chondrocytes-in-monolayer-and-3d-pellet-cultures
#4
Anika Witt, Achim Salamon, Diana Boy, Doris Hansmann, Andreas Büttner, Andreas Wree, Rainer Bader, Anika Jonitz-Heincke
The main goal of cartilage repair is to create functional tissue by enhancing the in vitro conditions to more physiological in vivo conditions. Chondrogenic growth factors play an important role in influencing cartilage homeostasis. Insulin‑like growth factor (IGF)‑1 and transforming growth factor (TGF)‑β1 affect the expression of collagen type II (Col2) and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and, therefore, the targeted use of growth factors could make chondrogenic redifferentiation more efficient. In the present study, human chondrocytes were postmortally isolated from healthy articular cartilage and cultivated as monolayer or 3D pellet cultures either under normoxia or hypoxia and stimulated with IGF‑1 and/or TGF‑β1 to compare the impact of the different growth factors...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534511/stromal-derived-igf2-promotes-colon-cancer-progression-via-paracrine-and-autocrine-mechanisms
#5
C Unger, N Kramer, D Unterleuthner, M Scherzer, A Burian, A Rudisch, M Stadler, M Schlederer, D Lenhardt, A Riedl, S Walter, A Wernitznig, L Kenner, M Hengstschläger, J Schüler, W Sommergruber, H Dolznig
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF)2/IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) signaling axis has an important role in intestinal carcinogenesis and overexpression of IGF2 is an accepted risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC) development. Genetic amplifications and loss of imprinting contribute to the upregulation of IGF2, but insufficiently explain the extent of IGF2 expression in a subset of patients. Here, we show that IGF2 was specifically induced in the tumor stroma of CRC and identified cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) as the major source...
May 22, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533226/igf1r-protein-expression-is-not-associated-with-differential-benefit-to-concurrent-trastuzumab-in-early-stage-her2-breast-cancer-from-the-north-central-cancer-treatment-group-alliance-adjuvant-trastuzumab-trial-n9831
#6
Monica M Reinholz, Beiyun Chen, Amylou C Dueck, Kathleen Tenner, Karla Ballman, Darren Riehle, Robert B Jenkins, Xochiquetzal J Geiger, Ann E McCullough, Edith A Perez
Background: Preclinical evidence indicates that increased insulin-like growth factor receptor-1 (IGF1R) signaling interferes with the action of trastuzumab suggesting a possible mechanism of trastuzumab resistance. Thus, we evaluated IGF1R prevalence, relationship with demographic data, and association with disease-free survival (DFS) of patients randomized to chemotherapy alone (Arm A) or chemotherapy with sequential (Arm B) or concurrent trastuzumab (Arm C) in the prospective phase III HER2(+) adjuvant N9831 trial...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529580/microrna-592-targets-igf-1r-to-suppress-cellular-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Wenyao Wang, Hongfei Zhang, Mao Tang, Longlong Liu, Zhengfang Zhou, Shaojun Zhang, Lichao Wang
MicroRNAs (miRs) can function as tumor suppressors or oncogenes in different types of human malignancy, and may provide an effective therapy for cancer. The expression and functions of miR-592 have previously been studied in relation to cancer. However, the expression and potential functions of miR-592 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are still unknown. Using quantitative polymerase chain reaction, MTT assays, cellular migration and invasion assays, bioinformatics software, western blot analysis and dual-luciferase report assays, the present study explored the expression and roles of miR-592 in HCC...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529141/z-505-hydrochloride-an-orally-active-ghrelin-agonist-attenuates-the-progression-of-cancer-cachexia-via-anabolic-hormones-in-colon-26-tumor-bearing-mice
#8
Makoto Yoshimura, Yoshihiro Shiomi, Yuta Ohira, Mineo Takei, Takao Tanaka
Cancer cachexia is a progressive wasting syndrome characterized by anorexia and weight loss, specifically muscle wasting and fat depletion. There is no therapeutic agent for treatment of this syndrome. We investigated the anti-cachexia effects of Z-505 hydrochloride (Z-505), a new oral growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHSR1a) agonist, using a mouse model of cancer cachexia. We performed a calcium flux assay in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells stably expressing human GHSR1a to quantify the agonistic activity of Z-505...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528692/insulin-like-growth-factor-igf-axis-in-cancerogenesis
#9
REVIEW
Aldona Kasprzak, Wojciech Kwasniewski, Agnieszka Adamek, Anna Gozdzicka-Jozefiak
Determination of the role of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family components in carcinogenesis of several human tumors is based on numerous epidemiological and pre-clinical studies, experiments in vivo and in vitro and on attempts at application of drugs affecting the IGF axis. Investigative hypotheses in original studies were based on biological functions manifested by the entire family of IGF (ligands, receptors, linking proteins, adaptor molecules). In the context of carcinogenesis the most important functions of IGF family involve intensification of proliferation and inhibition of cell apoptosis and effect on cell transformation through synthesis of several regulatory proteins...
April 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528691/the-igf-axis-in-hpv-associated-cancers
#10
REVIEW
Adam Pickard, Julia Durzynska, Dennis J McCance, Elisabeth R Barton
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) infect and replicate in stratified epithelium at cutaneous and mucosal surfaces. The proliferation and maintenance of keratinocytes, the cells which make up this epithelium, are controlled by a number of growth factor receptors such as the keratinocyte growth factor receptor (KGFR, also called fibroblast growth factor receptor 2b (FGFR2b)), the epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the insulin-like growth factor receptors 1 and 2 (IGF1R and IGF2R). In this review, we will delineate the mutation, gene transcription, translation and processing of the IGF axis within HPV associated cancers...
April 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528684/clinical-studies-in-humans-targeting-the-various-components-of-the-igf-system-show-lack-of-efficacy-in-the-treatment-of-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Anastassios Philippou, Panagiotis F Christopoulos, Dr Michael Koutsilieris
The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) system regulates cell growth, differentiation and energy metabolism and plays crucial role in the regulation of key aspects of tumor biology, such as cancer cell growth, survival, transformation and invasion. The current focus for cancer therapeutic approaches have shifted from the conventional treatments towards the targeted therapies and the IGF system has gained a great interest as anti-cancer therapy. The proliferative, anti-apoptotic and transformation effects of IGFs are mainly triggered by the ligation of the type I IGF receptor (IGF-IR)...
April 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526921/glp-1-signalling-compensates-for-impaired-insulin-signalling-in-regulating-beta-cell-proliferation-in-%C3%AE-irko-mice
#12
Dan Kawamori, Jun Shirakawa, Chong Wee Liew, Jiang Hu, Tomoaki Morioka, Alokesh Duttaroy, Bryan Burkey, Rohit N Kulkarni
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to investigate potential interactions between insulin and glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 signalling pathways in the regulation of beta cell-cycle dynamics in vivo, in the context of the therapeutic potential of GLP-1 to modulate impaired beta cell function. METHODS: Beta cell-specific insulin receptor knockout (βIRKO) mice, which exhibit beta cell dysfunction and an age-dependent decrease in beta cell mass, were treated with the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor vildagliptin...
May 20, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526811/proteomic-analysis-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-from-children-with-central-nervous-system-tumors-identifies-candidate-proteins-relating-to-tumor-metastatic-spread
#13
Filippo Spreafico, Italia Bongarzone, Sara Pizzamiglio, Ruben Magni, Elena Taverna, Maida De Bortoli, Chiara M Ciniselli, Elena Barzanò, Veronica Biassoni, Alessandra Luchini, Lance A Liotta, Weidong Zhou, Michele Signore, Paolo Verderio, Maura Massimino
Central nervous system (CNS) tumors are the most common solid tumors in childhood. Since the sensitivity of combined cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology and radiological neuroimaging in detecting meningeal metastases remains relatively low, we sought to characterize the CSF proteome of patients with CSF tumors to identify biomarkers predictive of metastatic spread. CSF samples from 27 children with brain tumors and 13 controls (extra-CNS non-Hodgkin lymphoma) were processed using core-shell hydrogel nanoparticles, and analyzed with reverse-phase liquid chromatography/electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
May 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526658/nonclinical-pharmacology-and-toxicology-of-the-first-biosimilar-insulin-glargine-drug-product-basaglar-%C3%A2-abasaglar-%C3%A2-approved-in-the-european-union
#14
Richard A Byrd, Rebecca A Owens, Jamie L Blackbourne, David E Coutant, Mark W Farmen, M Dodson Michael, Julie S Moyers, A Eric Schultze, Michael K Sievert, Niraj K Tripathi, John L Vahle
Basaglar(®)/Abasaglar(®) (Lilly insulin glargine [LY IGlar]) is a long-acting human insulin analogue drug product granted marketing authorisation as a biosimilar to Lantus(®) (Sanofi insulin glargine [SA IGlar]) by the European Medicines Agency. We assessed the similarity of LY IGlar to the reference drug product, European Union-sourced SA IGlar (EU-SA IGlar), using nonclinical in vitro and in vivo studies. No biologically relevant differences were observed for receptor binding affinity at either the insulin or insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) receptors, or in assays of functional or de novo lipogenic activity...
May 16, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523599/differential-effects-of-early-life-nutrient-restriction-in-long-lived-ghr-ko-and-normal-mice
#15
Yimin Fang, Samuel McFadden, Justin Darcy, Cristal M Hill, Joshua A Huber, Steve Verhulst, John J Kopchick, Richard A Miller, Liou Y Sun, Andrzej Bartke
There is increasing evidence that growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) signaling (collectively referred to as somatotropic signaling) during development has a profound influence on aging and longevity. Moreover, the absence of GH action was shown to modify responses of adult mice to calorie restriction (CR) and other antiaging interventions. It was therefore of interest to determine whether GH resistance in GH receptor knockout (GHR-KO) mice would modify the effects of mild pre-weaning CR imposed by increasing the number of pups in a litter (the so-called litter crowding)...
May 18, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521493/clinicopathological-significance-and-impact-on-outcomes-of-the-gene-expression-levels-of-igf-1-igf-2-and-igf-1r-igfbp-3-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-overexpression-of-the-igfbp-3-gene-is-an-effective-predictor-of-outcomes-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#16
Naoto Yamamoto, Takashi Oshima, Kazue Yoshihara, Toru Aoyama, Tsutomu Hayashi, Takanobu Yamada, Tsutomu Sato, Manabu Shiozawa, Takaki Yoshikawa, Soichiro Morinaga, Yasushi Rino, Chikara Kunisaki, Katsuaki Tanaka, Makoto Akaike, Toshio Imada, Munetaka Masuda
The insulin-like growth factors (IGF) system is involved in tumor proliferation, invasion and metastasis in cancer. The current study investigated the association of IGF-1, IGF-2 and IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R), IGF binding proteins type 3 (IGFBP-3) mRNA expression levels with clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes of 202 patients with untreated colorectal cancer (CRC). IGF-1, IGF-2, IGF-1R and IGFBP-3 mRNA expression levels were analyzed in surgical specimens of cancer tissues and adjacent normal mucosa cells using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521431/microrna-320a-is-downregulated-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-suppresses-tumor-cell-growth-and-invasion-by-directly-targeting-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor
#17
Jianguo Wang, Chunyun Shi, Jianfei Wang, Li Cao, Li Zhong, Dongmei Wang
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that microRNAs (miRs/miRNAs) are implicated in carcinogenesis and cancer progression, and can function as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes in human cancer types. Previous profile studies of miRNA expression levels have revealed that miR-320a was downregulated in breast cancer, colon cancer, bladder cancer, glioblastoma and salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma. However, its expression level, potential functions and the mechanisms underlying its functions in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) require further investigation...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521298/insulin-like-growth-factor-2-axis-supports-the-serum-independent-growth-of-malignant-rhabdoid-tumor-and-is-activated-by-microenvironment-stress
#18
Ting Li, Jin Wang, Pengfei Liu, Jiadong Chi, Han Yan, Lei Lei, Zexing Li, Bing Yang, Xi Wang
Malignant rhabdoid tumors (MRTs) are rare, lethal, pediatric tumors predominantly found in the kidney, brain and soft tissues. MRTs are driven by loss of tumor suppressor SNF5/INI1/SMARCB1/BAF47. The prognosis of MRT is poor using currently available treatments, so new treatment targets need to be identified to expand treatment options for patients experiencing chemotherapy resistance. The growth hormone insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) signaling pathway is a promising target to overcome drug resistance in many cancers...
May 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515690/brain-renin-angiotensin-system-and-microglial-polarization-implications-for-aging-and-neurodegeneration
#19
REVIEW
Jose L Labandeira-Garcia, Ana I Rodríguez-Perez, Pablo Garrido-Gil, Jannette Rodriguez-Pallares, Jose L Lanciego, Maria J Guerra
Microglia can transform into proinflammatory/classically activated (M1) or anti-inflammatory/alternatively activated (M2) phenotypes following environmental signals related to physiological conditions or brain lesions. An adequate transition from the M1 (proinflammatory) to M2 (immunoregulatory) phenotype is necessary to counteract brain damage. Several factors involved in microglial polarization have already been identified. However, the effects of the brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS) on microglial polarization are less known...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515235/insulin-like-growth-factor-signaling-regulates-developmental-trajectory-associated-with-diapause-in-embryos-of-the-annual-killifish-austrofundulus-limnaeus
#20
S Cody Woll, Jason E Podrabsky
Annual killifishes exhibit a number of unique life history characters including the occurrence of embryonic diapause, unique cell movements associated with dispersion and subsequent reaggregation of the embryonic blastomeres, and a short post-embryonic life span. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling is known to play a role in the regulation of metabolic dormancy in a number of animals but has not been explored in annual killifishes. The abundance of IGF proteins during development, and the developmental effects of blocking IGF signaling by pharmacological inhibition of the insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF1R) were explored in embryos of the annual killifish Austrofundulus limnaeus Blocking of IGF signaling in embryos that would normally escape entrance into diapause resulted in a phenotype that was remarkably similar to embryos entering diapause...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
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