keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

insulin-like growth factor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031192/growth-and-endocrine-function-in-children-with-dravet-syndrome
#1
Krista Eschbach, Sharon Scarbro, Elizabeth Juarez-Colunga, Victoria Allen, Stephanie Hsu, Kelly Knupp
PURPOSE: Dravet syndrome is an intractable childhood epilepsy syndrome most often associated with an SCN1A mutation. In our clinical practice, several patients with Dravet syndrome were noted to have short stature and endocrine dysfunction. This has not been reported in the literature. Our study aim was to describe growth measurements and endocrine abnormalities in children with Dravet syndrome. METHOD: A retrospective chart review was performed at a single institution...
September 29, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029116/upregulation-of-irs1-enhances-igf1-response-in-y537s-and-d538g-esr1-mutant-breast-cancer-cells
#2
Zheqi Li, Kevin M Levine, Amir Bahreini, Peilu Wang, David Chu, Ben Ho Park, Steffi Oesterreich, Adrian V Lee
Increased evidence suggests that somatic mutations in the ligand binding domain of estrogen receptor (ERα/ESR1) are critical mediators of endocrine-resistant breast cancer progression. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) is an essential regulator of breast development and tumorigenesis, and also has a role in endocrine resistance. A recent study showed enhanced crosstalk between IGF1 and ERα in ESR1 mutant cells, but detailed mechanisms are incompletely understood. Using genome-edited MCF-7 and T47D cell lines harboring Y537S and D538G ESR1 mutations, we characterized altered IGF1 signaling...
September 27, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028222/role-of-rbp2-induced-er-and-igf1r-erbb-signaling-in-tamoxifen-resistance-in-breast-cancer
#3
Hee-Joo Choi, Hyeong-Seok Joo, Hee-Young Won, Kyueng-Whan Min, Hyung-Yong Kim, Taekwon Son, Young-Ha Oh, Jeong-Yeon Lee, Gu Kong
Background: Despite the benefit of endocrine therapy, acquired resistance during or after treatment still remains a major challenge in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. We investigated the potential role of histone demethylase retinoblastoma-binding protein 2 (RBP2) in endocrine therapy resistance of breast cancer. Methods: Survival of breast cancer patients according to RBP2 expression was analyzed in three different breast cancer cohorts including METABRIC (n = 1980) and KM plotter (n = 1764)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027568/-diagnostics-and-treatment-of-acromegaly-necessity-for-targeted-monitoring-of-comorbidities
#4
S Petersenn, M Christ-Crain, M Droste, R Finke, J Flitsch, I Kreitschmann-Andermahr, A Luger, J Schopohl, G Stalla
Acromegaly is a rare and severe condition, presenting with typical signs and symptoms. The diagnosis is often initially made years after the first manifestations of the disease. In more than 99% of patients the disease is caused by a benign pituitary tumor that secretes growth hormone (GH). The diagnosis is based on the presence of increased insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels and a lack of GH suppression in the oral glucose tolerance test. The standard imaging procedure for tumor detection is magnetic resonance imaging in the region of the sella turcica...
October 13, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025782/olfactory-bulb-agenesis-with-normal-sexual-hormones
#5
Prayuth Tunsuriyawong, Krit Pongpirul, Tagann Chaisam, Petpring Prajuabpansri
An 18-year-old Caucasian man presented with a lack of sense of surrounding smell. The problem was first noticed when a family member discussed the smell of the food, which he had no idea what it was. The patient had normal development and sexual function, no history of trauma, surgery, chemical exposure or infection. Physical examination revealed no significant abnormalities. Smell threshold test using phenyl-ethyl-alcohol revealed bilateral anosmia. MRI showed bilateral aplastic olfactory bulbs and tracts associated with absent cortical growth of the olfactory sulci and asymmetrical gyrus rectus...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025206/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-onset-craniopharyngioma
#6
So Yoon Jung, Yun Jeong Lee, Hye Jin Lee, Young Ah Lee, Jin Soo Moon, Jae Sung Ko, Sei Won Yang, Choong Ho Shin
PURPOSE: Hypothalamic obesity in childhood-onset (CO-) craniopharyngioma patients may predispose to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study reviewed the characteristics of NAFLD associated with CO-craniopharyngioma. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed 75 patients who underwent surgery for craniopharyngioma while younger than 15 years of age between 2000 and 2016. RESULTS: Elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) above 40 IU/L was observed in 51 of the 75 (68%) CO-craniopharyngioma patients...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025200/novel-genetic-cause-of-idiopathic-short-stature
#7
REVIEW
Min Jae Kang
Traditionally, the growth hormone - insulin-like growth factor I (GH - IGF-I) axis is the most important signaling pathway in linear growth, and defects in this axis present as growth hormone deficiencies or IGF-I deficiencies. However, subtle changes in serum levels of GH or IGF-I, caused by gene mutations involved in the GH - IGF-I axis, can present as idiopathic short stature (ISS). This paper briefly discusses GHR and IGFALS. In addition, recent studies have shown that many factors, including paracrine signals, extracellular matrix, and intracellular mechanisms of chondrocytes, regulate the growth plate independent of the GH - IGF-I system...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025199/effects-of-growth-hormone-on-glucose-metabolism-and-insulin-resistance-in-human
#8
REVIEW
Shin-Hye Kim, Mi-Jung Park
Growth hormone (GH) is important for promotion of somatic growth and the regulation of substrate metabolism. Metabolic action of GH occurs in multiple tissues including the liver, muscle, fat and pancreas either directly or indirectly through insulin-like growth factor 1. The diabetogenic action of GH has been well-described in previous in vivo studies. In this paper, we review the metabolic effects of GH on peripheral tissues focusing on glucose metabolism and insulin resistance, and discuss results from human studies on the long-term effects of GH administration on insulin resistance and hyperglycemia...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023587/genetic-variants-and-traits-related-to-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-and-insulin-resistance-and-their-interaction-with-lifestyles-on-postmenopausal-colorectal-cancer-risk
#9
Su Yon Jung, Thomas Rohan, Howard Strickler, Jennifer Bea, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Gloria Ho, Carolyn Crandall
Genetic variants and traits in metabolic signaling pathways may interact with lifestyle factors such as obesity, physical activity, and exogenous estrogen (E), influencing postmenopausal colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, but these interrelated pathways are not fully understood. In this case-cohort study, we examined 33 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes related to insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I)/ insulin resistance (IR) traits and signaling pathways, using data from 704 postmenopausal women in Women's Health Initiative Observation ancillary studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023078/polymorphism-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-gene-igf1-tasi-igf1-snabi-igf1-rsai-and-the-association-with-daily-gain-of-pesisir-cattle-local-breed-from-west-sumatera-indonesia
#10
Yurnalis, Arnim, Dino Eka Putra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The insulin-like growth factor 1 gene (IGF1) is a candidate gene for marker-assisted selection strategies. Two single nucleotide polymorphism of IGF1 gene namely IGF1/SnaBI and IGF1/TasI has been reported to be associated with production traits in several cattle breeds. One single nucleotide polymorphism in exon 4 namely IGF1/Rsa1 has a significant influence (p<0.01) on birth weight, weaning weight and average daily gain of Bali cattle. The objective of this study was to determine the IGF1/SnaBI, IGF1/TasI and IGF1/RsaI polymorphisms and their associations with average daily gain in Pesisir cattle local breed from west Sumatera Indonesia...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021486/a-hypoglycemia-inducing-giant-borderline-phyllodes-tumor-secreting-high-molecular-weight-insulin-like-growth-factor-ii-a-case-report-with-immunohistochemistry-and-a-western-blot-analysis
#11
Masahiro Hikichi, Yuka Kiriyama, Takanori Hayashi, Kaori Ushimado, Naomi Kobayashi, Makoto Urano, Makoto Kuroda, Toshiaki Utsumi
A 50-year-old woman with a large right breast mass was emergently hospitalized for generalized weakness and fatigue. A histological examination of tumor biopsy specimens revealed a phyllodes tumor (PT). She suddenly lost consciousness due to severe hypoglycemia. Non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia (NICTH) due to the PT was suspected. The tumor was emergently resected. A histological examination revealed a borderline PT. The patient recovered from the hypoglycemic episode. High-molecular-weight insulin-like growth factor II was detected in serum that had been collected preoperatively and in the tumor tissue, but not in serum that had been collected postoperatively...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017017/the-effect-of-resistance-training-set-configuration-on-strength-power-and-hormonal-adaptation-in-female-volleyball-players
#12
Hamid Arazi, Aida Khanmohammadi, Abbas Asadi, G Gregory Haff
The primary purpose of this investigation was to determine the impact of altering the set structure during an 8-week resistance training program on anthropometric, hormonal, and strength power characteristics. Thirty female volleyball players were recruited for participation and then randomly assigned to one of three resistance training groups: 1) cluster sets (CRT; n=10), 2) traditional sets (TRT: n=10), or 3) control (CON: n=10). All athletes were evaluated for thigh and arm circumference, vertical jump (VJ), 20-m sprint, 4x9-m shuttle-run, 1 repetition maximum (1RM) back squat, bench press, military press, and deadlift prior to and after an 8-week periodized training intervention...
October 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016699/mir-137-inhibited-cell-proliferation-and-migration-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-via-targeting-igfbp-5-and-modulating-the-mtor-stat3-signaling
#13
Jin Pan, Kai Li, Wei Huang, Xiaoqing Zhang
Abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to the development of cardiovascular diseases. Studies have shown the great impact of microRNAs (miRNAs) on the cell proliferation of VSMCs. This study examined the effects of miR-137 on the cell proliferation and migration of VSMCs and also explored the underlying molecular mechanisms. The mRNA and protein expression levels were determined by qRT-PCR and western blot assays, respectively. The CCK-8 assay, wound healing assay and transwell migration assay were performed to measure cell proliferation and migration of VSMCs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990530/isoform-separation-by-a-mixed-mode-resin-toyopearl-mx-trp-650m
#14
Tsutomu Arakawa
TOYOPEARL particles are cross-linked hydroxylated methacrylic polymers available in different pore and particle sizes. They are conjugated with different ligands to generate ion-exchange, hydrophobic interaction and affinity resins. They have excellent physical and chemical properties. A mixed-mode resin, TOYOPEARL MX-Trp-650M, is made of this particle with tryptophan conjugated via N-terminal amino group and hence has both hydrophobic/aromatic side chain and carboxyl group. In this review, I will summarize the properties of the TOYOPEARL particles and MX-Trp-650M resin and application of this resin for purification of proteins and in some detail the separation of disulfide (SS)-scrambled oligomers of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)...
October 9, 2017: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990106/identification-of-key-genes-for-diabetic-kidney-disease-using-biological-informatics-methods
#15
Fuzhe Ma, Tao Sun, Meiyan Wu, Wanning Wang, Zhonggao Xu
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a common complication of diabetes, which is characterized by albuminuria, impaired glomerular filtration rate or a combination of the two. The aim of the present study was to identify the potential key genes involved in DKD progression and to subsequently investigate the underlying mechanism involved in DKD development. The array data of GSE30528 including 9 DKD and 13 control samples was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in DKD glomerular and tubular kidney biopsy tissues were compared with normal tissues, and were analyzed using the limma package...
September 29, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989976/hematopoietic-stem-cell-derived-adipocytes-promote-tumor-growth-and-cancer-cell-migration
#16
Y Xiong, D L Russell, L T McDonald, L A Cowart, A C LaRue
Adipocytes, apart from their critical role as the energy storage depots, contribute to the composition of the tumor microenvironment. Our previous studies based on a single hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation model, have revealed a novel source of adipocytes from HSCs via monocyte/macrophage progenitors. Herein, we extend these studies to examine the role of HSC-derived adipocytes (HSC-Ad) in tumor progression. When cultured under adipogenic conditions, bone marrow-derived monocytic progenitors differentiated into adipocytes that accumulated oil droplets containing triglyceride...
2017: International Journal of Cancer Research and Molecular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988577/pathophysiology-of-the-effects-of-alcohol-abuse-on-the-endocrine-system
#17
Nadia Rachdaoui, Dipak K Sarkar
Alcohol can permeate virtually every organ and tissue in the body, resulting in tissue injury and organ dysfunction. Considerable evidence indicates that alcohol abuse results in clinical abnormalities of one of the body's most important systems, the endocrine system. This system ensures proper communication between various organs, also interfacing with the immune and nervous systems, and is essential for maintaining a constant internal environment. The endocrine system includes the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis, the hypothalamic-pituitary-growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 axis, and the hypothalamic-posterior pituitary axis, as well as other sources of hormones, such as the endocrine pancreas and endocrine adipose tissue...
2017: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987868/impairment-of-akt-activity-by-cyp2e1-mediated-oxidative-stress-is-involved-in-chronic-ethanol-induced-fatty-liver
#18
Tao Zeng, Cui-Li Zhang, Ning Zhao, Min-Jie Guan, Mo Xiao, Rui Yang, Xiu-Lan Zhao, Li-Hua Yu, Zhen-Ping Zhu, Ke-Qin Xie
Protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) plays important roles in the regulation of lipid homeostasis, and impairment of Akt activity has been demonstrated to be involved in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Previous studies suggest that cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) plays causal roles in the pathogenesis of alcoholic fatty liver (AFL). We hypothesized that Akt activity might be impaired due to CYP2E1-induced oxidative stress in chronic ethanol-induced hepatic steatosis. In this study, we found that chronic ethanol-induced hepatic steatosis was accompanied with reduced phosphorylation of Akt at Thr308 in mice liver...
September 27, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987236/associations-of-cord-blood-metabolites-with-perinatal-characteristics-newborn-anthropometry-and-cord-blood-hormones-in-project-viva
#19
Wei Perng, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Scott McCulloch, Leda Chatzi, Christos Mantzoros, Marie-France Hivert, Emily Oken
CONTEXT: Metabolomics has emerged as a powerful tool to characterize biomarkers and elucidate physiological processes underlying adverse health outcomes. Little is known of these relationships during gestation and infancy, which are critical period for development of metabolic disease risk. OBJECTIVES: To identify cord blood metabolite patterns associated with birth size; and to investigate relations of the birth size-associated metabolite patterns, and a branched chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolite pattern with a range of newborn and perinatal characteristics...
November 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986927/effects-of-phyto-oestrogen-quercetin-on-productive-performance-hormones-reproductive-organs-and-apoptotic-genes-in-laying-hens
#20
J X Yang, M T Chaudhry, J Y Yao, S N Wang, B Zhou, M Wang, C Y Han, Y You, Y Li
Quercetin, a polyphenolic flavonoid with diverse biological activities including anti-inflammatory and antiviral, inhibits lipid peroxidation, prevents oxidative injury and cell death. The purpose of the research was to investigate the effect of quercetin on productive performance, reproductive organs, hormones and apoptotic genes in laying hens between 37 and 45 weeks of age, because of the structure and oestrogenic activities similar to 17β-oestradiol. The trial was conducted using 240 Hessian laying hens (37 weeks old), housed in wire cages with two hens in each cage...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
keyword
keyword
114885
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"