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Hormones affect pms

Flávia L Osório, Juliana M de Paula Cassis, João P Machado de Sousa, Omero Poli-Neto, Rocio Martín-Santos
Background: We systematically reviewed the literature to determine the influence of sex hormones on facial emotion processing (FEP) in healthy women at different phases of life. Methods: Searches were performed in PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, LILACS , and SciELO . Twenty-seven articles were included in the review and allocated into five different categories according to their objectives and sample characteristics (menstrual cycle, oral contraceptives, pregnancy/postpartum, testosterone, and progesterone)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Blanca Bolea-Alamanac, Sarah J Bailey, Thelma A Lovick, Dirk Scheele, Rita Valentino
There is increasing recognition that women have a higher prevalence of certain psychiatric illnesses, and a differential treatment response and course of illness compared to men. Additionally, clinicians deal with a number of disorders like premenstrual syndrome, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and postpartum depression, which affect women specifically and for which treatment and biological pathways are still unclear. In this article we highlight recent research which suggests that different biological mechanisms may underlie sex differences in responsiveness to stress...
February 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Sarah M Appleton
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is defined by both physical and psychiatric symptoms that impact a woman significantly during the luteal phase of her menstrual cycle. Diagnostic criteria for PMDD were firmly established in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders V in 2013, but many patients fall short of the diagnosis while still appreciably affected by severe premenstrual symptoms. More recent and robust investigations have evaluated the efficacy of treatment ranging from serotonergic therapy to hormonal treatment as well as lifestyle and herbal remedies...
March 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Edith Meszaros Crow, Emilien Jeannot
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing and treatment of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) still pose a challenge in the routine medical practice which usually focuses on single pharmacological therapy. Recent research suggests that the combination of treatments including complementary alternative medicine (CAM) therapies may be more beneficial. The objective of this study was to assess the percentage of diagnosed and nondiagnosed PMS/premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) based on the presence of adequate symptoms and to compare population using hormonal or pharmaceutical agents versus CAM therapies...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Qing Liu, Yongshun Wang, Cornelis Hermanus van Heck, Wei Qiao
BACKGROUND: Hormone level fluctuation across the menstrual cycle causes women to experience negative emotions and also affects their mood regulation and stress sensitivity. However, the stress reactivity and emotional variations in women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), who are especially sensitive to the variations in hormone cycles, have not been explained. METHODS: The present study used an electroencephalogram (EEG) stress evaluation test, a physiology stress evaluation test, and the positive affect and negative affect scale (PANAS) to evaluate the stress reactivity pattern and emotional state of women with PMS...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Afsane Bahrami, Hamidreza Sadeghnia, Amir Avan, Seyed Jamal Mirmousavi, Alireza Moslem, Saeed Eslami, Masoud Heshmati, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
OBJECTIVE: Hormonal variations during the menstrual cycle may affect emotional regulation. We aimed to investigate the association between dysmenorrhea (the severe abdominal pain and cramps associated with menstruation) and cognitive abilities, emotional function and sleep patterns in adolescent girls. Moreover, we evaluated the frequency of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in our population and then divided them into 4 groups: subjects with only PMS; subjects with only dysmenorrhea; individuals with both PMS and dysmenorrhea and normal subjects...
August 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Marije Aan Het Rot, Kristina Miloserdov, Anna L F Buijze, Ybe Meesters, Marijke C M Gordijn
To examine whether acute changes in cognitive empathy might mediate the impact of light therapy on mood, we assessed the effects of a single light-therapy session on mood and cognitive empathy in 48 premenstrual women, including 17 who met Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool criteria for moderate-to-severe premenstrual syndrome / premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMS/PMDD). Using a participant-blind between-groups design, 23 women underwent 30min of morning light therapy (5,000lx; blue-enriched polychromatic light, 17,000K) while 25 women had a sham session (200lx, polychromatic light, 5,000K)...
October 2017: Psychiatry Research
Rebecca Stoner, Victoria Camilleri, Jean Calleja-Agius, Pierre Schembri-Wismayer
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and related disorders, and postpartum depression (PPD) can affect women to the extent that their quality of life and that of their near ones can be severely impaired. This review focuses on the different theories regarding the etiologies of PMS and PPD, and attempts to draw a link between the two. Theories focus mainly on hormonal and cytokine factors throughout different phases in the female reproductive cycle. Changes in this symptomatology during pregnancy are also reviewed, as are changes in hormones and cytokine levels...
April 26, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
Bushra Naheed, Jan Herman Kuiper, Olalekan A Uthman, Fidelma O'Mahony, Patrick Michael Shaughn O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a psychological and somatic disorder of unknown aetiology, with symptoms typically including irritability, depression, mood swings, bloating, breast tenderness and sleep disturbances. About 3% to 10% of women who experience these symptoms may also meet criteria for premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). PMS symptoms recur during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and reduce by the end of menstruation. PMS results from ovulation and may be due to ovarian steroid interactions relating to neurotransmitter dysfunction...
March 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Delia McCabe, Karolina Lisy, Craig Lockwood, Marc Colbeck
BACKGROUND: Women juggling multiple roles in our complex society are increasingly experiencing psychological stress. Dietary supplementation to manage stress is widespread despite limited supporting evidence. A systematic review of the available literature was undertaken to investigate the efficacy of specific dietary supplements in managing female stress and anxiety. OBJECTIVES: To identify the impact of essential fatty acids (EFAs), B vitamins, vitamin C, magnesium and/or zinc, consumed as dietary supplements to the daily diet, on female stress and anxiety levels...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Ítalo Leite Figueiredo, Priscila B Frota, Davi G da Cunha, Ramon da Silva Raposo, Kildere M Canuto, Geanne M de Andrade, Nuno Sousa, Sean R Moore, Gregory M Anstead, Jacqueline I Alvarez-Leite, Richard L Guerrant, Reinaldo B Oriá
OBJECTIVE: Prolonged maternal separation (PMS) in the first 2 wk of life has been associated with poor growth with lasting effects in brain structure and function. This study aimed to investigate whether PMS-induced undernutrition could cause systemic inflammation and changes in nutrition-related hormonal levels, affecting hippocampal structure and neurotransmission in C57BL/6J suckling mice. METHODS: This study assessed mouse growth parameters coupled with insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) serum levels...
September 2016: Nutrition
J Beullens
Melatonin is a hormone secreted by the pineal gland mainly during the night. The discovery that this melatonin secretion decreases under the influence of bright light, gave rise to the use of light therapy in some affective disorders. The literature on the relationship between melatonin secretion and mood is reviewed concerning seasonal affective disorder, non-seasonal affective disorder and premenstrual syndrome. Light therapy could reduce an abnormal high melatonin secretion back to normal proportions. None of the affective disorders, however, is accompanied by an unusual high melatonin level...
September 1995: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Aeli Ryu, Tae-Hee Kim
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is characterized by recurrent, moderate-to-severe affective, physical, and behavioral symptoms that develop during the luteal menstrual cycle and disappear within a few days of menstruation. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe and disabling condition that can affect personal relationships and occupational activities. PMS occurs in 30-40% of reproductive-age females; PMDD affects 3-8% of this population. Although the etiology of PMS is unclear, several theories suggest increased sensitivity to normal hormonal changes and neurotransmitter abnormalities...
December 2015: Maturitas
A Imai, S Ichigo, K Matsunami, H Takagi
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is triggered by hormonal events ensuing after ovulation. The symptoms can begin in the early, mid, or late luteal phase and are not associated with defined concentrations of any specific gonadal or non-gonadal hormone. Women with PMS experience affective or somatic symptoms that cause severe dysfunction in social or occupational realms. Although evidence for a hormonal abnormality has not been established, the symptoms of the premenopausal disorders are related to the production of progesterone by the ovary...
2015: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Sara Nowakowski, Jessica Meers, Erin Heimbach
Sex differences in sleep begin at a very early age and women report poorer sleep quality and have higher risk for insomnia than do men. Sleep may be affected by variation in reproductive hormones, stress, depression, aging, life/role transitions, and other factors. The menstrual cycle is associated with changes in circadian rhythms and sleep architecture. Menstruating women (even without significant menstrual-related complaints) often report poorer sleep quality and greater sleep disturbance during the premenstrual week compared to other times of her menstrual cycle...
2013: Sleep Medicine Research
Patricio Alba, Clara Rodríguez
Premenstrual syndrome is characterized by physical, cognitive, affective and behavioral symptoms that occur cyclically during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and resolved quickly at the beginning or within few days after menstruation started. The most severe form is represented by premenstrual dysphoric disorder included in the DSM 5. Over 40% of women experience emotional symptoms such as irritability, tension, emotional lability; and physical symptoms such as breast tenderness, fatigue, and abdominal distension...
September 2014: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Crystal Edler Schiller, Peter J Schmidt, David R Rubinow
RATIONALE: Reproductive mood disorders, including premenstrual dysphoria (PMD) and postpartum depression (PPD), are characterized by affective dysregulation that occurs during specific reproductive states. The occurrence of illness onset during changes in reproductive endocrine function has generated interest in the role of gonadal steroids in the pathophysiology of reproductive mood disorders, yet the mechanisms by which the changing hormone milieu triggers depression in susceptible women remain poorly understood...
September 2014: Psychopharmacology
Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson, Susan E Hankinson, Nancy G Forger, Sally I Powers, Walter C Willett, Susan R Johnson, JoAnn E Manson
BACKGROUND: Moderate to severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS) affects 8-20 percent of premenopausal women. Previous studies suggest that high dietary vitamin D intake may reduce risk. However, vitamin D status is influenced by both dietary vitamin D intake and sunlight exposure and the association of vitamin D status with PMS remains unclear. METHODS: We assessed the relation of plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), total calcium and parathyroid hormone levels with risk of PMS and specific menstrual symptoms in a case-control study nested within the prospective Nurses' Health Study II...
2014: BMC Women's Health
Missy L Teatero, Dwight Mazmanian, Verinder Sharma
OBJECTIVES: Several lines of research suggest that reproductive events may affect the course of bipolar disorder (BD) in some women. With respect to the menstrual cycle, the focus has been on dysphoric symptoms [e.g., premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)], and the exacerbation of depression, in the premenstrual phase. This article reviews the literature on the potential effects of the menstrual cycle on BD. METHODS: A systematic search for published case reports and research studies available through March, 2013 was conducted...
February 2014: Bipolar Disorders
Georgina MacKenzie, Jamie Maguire
RATIONALE: Neuroactive derivatives of steroid hormones, neurosteroids, can act on GABAA receptors (GABAARs) to potentiate the effects of GABA on these receptors. Neurosteroids become elevated to physiologically relevant levels under conditions characterized by increased steroid hormones. There is considerable evidence for plasticity of GABAARs associated with altered levels of neurosteroids which may counteract the fluctuations in the levels of these allosteric modulators. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to summarize the current literature on GABAAR plasticity under conditions characterized by alterations in neurosteroid levels, such as over the estrous cycle, during puberty, and throughout pregnancy and the postpartum period...
September 2014: Psychopharmacology
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