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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725498/characterization-of-portuguese-centenarian-eating-habits-nutritional-biomarkers-and-cardiovascular-risk-a-case-control-study
#1
A Pereira da Silva, A Valente, C Chaves, A Matos, A Gil, A C Santos, J P Gorjão-Clara, M Bicho
Background and Aims: Eating habits may contribute to longevity. We characterized the eating habits and cardiovascular risk (CVR) biomarkers in Portuguese centenarians (CENT) compared to controls. Methods and Results: Centenarians ( n = 253), 100.26 ± 1.98 years, were compared with 268 controls (67.51 ± 3.25), low (LCR) and high (HCR) CVR (QRISK®2-2016). Anthropometric and body composition were evaluated by bioimpedance. Abdominal obesity, BMI, and fat mass (FM) cut-offs were according to the WHO...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710284/association-of-survival-with-adherence-to-the-american-cancer-society-nutrition-and-physical-activity-guidelines-for-cancer-survivors-after-colon-cancer-diagnosis-the-calgb-89803-alliance-trial
#2
Erin L Van Blarigan, Charles S Fuchs, Donna Niedzwiecki, Sui Zhang, Leonard B Saltz, Robert J Mayer, Rex B Mowat, Renaud Whittom, Alexander Hantel, Al Benson, Daniel Atienza, Michael Messino, Hedy Kindler, Alan Venook, Shuji Ogino, Edward L Giovannucci, Kimmie Ng, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt
Importance: The American Cancer Society Nutrition and Physical Activity Guidelines for Cancer Survivors (ACS guidelines) include maintaining (1) a healthy body weight; (2) physical activity; and (3) a diet that includes vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. It is not known whether patients with colon cancer who follow these guidelines have improved survival. Objective: To examine whether a lifestyle consistent with the ACS guidelines is associated with improved survival rates after colon cancer...
April 12, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703050/an-observational-study-on-the-association-between-major-dietary-patterns-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-chinese-adolescents
#3
Xiaonan Liu, Yan Peng, Shuhong Chen, Qingyun Sun
Data on the association of dietary patterns with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among adolescents are scarce. Hence, the purpose of this study was to ascertain the influence of dietary patterns and key foods on NAFLD among adolescents in Shandong, China. Data were extracted from Linyi Nutrition and Health study during 2015 to 2016. This cross-sectional study population comprised 1639 participants aged between 16 and 23 years. Dietary intake was assessed by the use of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), containing 85 food items...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695715/real-life-achievement-of-lipid-lowering-treatment-targets-in-the-diabetes-and-lifestyle-cohort-twente-systemic-assessment-of-pharmacological-and-nutritional-factors
#4
Christina M Gant, S Heleen Binnenmars, Manon Harmelink, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Stephan J L Bakker, Gerjan Navis, Gozewijn D Laverman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) in type 2 diabetes mellitus is of paramount importance in preventing cardiovascular disease. However, treatment targets for LDLc are often not reached. We studied the prevalence of LDLc target achievement in a real-life population of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in secondary care, and investigated whether in those not on target, there is room for intensifying pharmacological and lifestyle management according to current treatment guidelines...
April 25, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679994/food-pyramid-for-subjects-with-chronic-pain-foods-and-dietary-constituents-as-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-agents
#5
Mariangela Rondanelli, Milena Anna Faliva, Alessandra Miccono, Maurizio Naso, Mara Nichetti, Antonella Riva, Fabio Guerriero, Manuela De Gregori, Gabriella Peroni, Simone Perna
Emerging literature suggests that diet constituents may play a modulatory role in chronic pain (CP) through management of inflammation/oxidative stress, resulting in attenuation of pain. We performed a narrative review to evaluate the existing evidence regarding the optimum diet for the management of CP, and we built a food pyramid on this topic. The present review also describes the activities of various natural compounds contained in foods (i.e. phenolic compounds in extra-virgin olive oil (EVO)) listed on our pyramid, which have comparable effects to drug management therapy...
April 22, 2018: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672133/meat-eggs-full-fat-dairy-and-nutritional-boogeymen-does-the-way-in-which-animals-are-raised-affect-health-differently-in-humans
#6
Christopher P Haskins, George Henderson, Colin E Champ
BACKGROUND:  Food recommendations to improve cancer prevention are generally based on epidemiologic data and remain inconsistent. These epidemiologic studies, while controversial, have generally produced results that caution against the consumption of high-fat foods, including eggs, red meat, and full-fat dairy, such as butter and cheese. Yet, limited data exist assessing the quality of individual sources of these foods and the effect each has after its consumption. This study set out to assess the impact sources of food within the same groups from animals raised differently on variables associated with health in human studies...
April 19, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606182/review-dairy-foods-red-meat-and-processed-meat-in-the-diet-implications-for-health-at-key-life-stages
#7
D I Givens
Social and health care provision have led to substantial increases in life expectancy. In the UK this has become higher than 80 years with an even greater proportional increase in those aged 85 years and over. The different life stages give rise to important nutritional challenges and recent reductions in milk consumption have led to sub-optimal intakes of calcium by teenage females in particular when bone growth is at its maximum and of iodine during pregnancy needed to ensure that supply/production of thyroid hormones to the foetus is adequate...
April 2, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576031/reducing-meat-consumption-in-the-usa-a-nationally-representative-survey-of-attitudes-and-behaviours
#8
Roni A Neff, Danielle Edwards, Anne Palmer, Rebecca Ramsing, Allison Righter, Julia Wolfson
OBJECTIVE: Excess meat consumption, particularly of red and processed meats, is associated with nutritional and environmental health harms. While only a small portion of the population is vegetarian, surveys suggest many Americans may be reducing their meat consumption. To inform education campaigns, more information is needed about attitudes, perceptions, behaviours and foods eaten in meatless meals. DESIGN: A web-based survey administered in April 2015 assessed meat reduction behaviours, attitudes, what respondents ate in meatless meals and sociodemographic characteristics...
March 26, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565803/meat-consumption-and-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-results-from-the-korean-population-and-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#9
Youngyo Kim, Youjin Je
Many studies have reported harmful effects of red meat or processed meat on chronic diseases including cancer and diabetes, but epidemiological evidence for metabolic syndrome is limited and remains controversial. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of observational studies to assess the association between various meat consumption and risk of metabolic syndrome. The PubMed and ISI Web of Science databases were searched through June 2017, and further included unpublished results from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2015, including 8387 Korean adults...
March 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558697/carcass-and-meat-characteristics-from-farm-raised-and-wild-fallow-deer-dama-dama-and-red-deer-cervus-elaphus-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Eva Kudrnáčová, Luděk Bartoň, Daniel Bureš, Louwrens C Hoffman
Deer species are utilised for food, hunting and other products throughout the world. Consumers are typically exposed to venison derived predominantly from both farm-raised or wild fallow (Dama dama) and red deer (Cervus elaphus). The production of venison under farm conditions, compared to the meat of deer hunted in the wild, allows for a regular supply of a consistently good meat. It is lean, tasty, and rich in proteins and minerals, with a low content of fat and cholesterol. Overall, the worldwide demand for meat is still growing, and both the potential of farming deer species and their use as meat producers have led to an increased interest in venison...
March 8, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548456/effects-of-macro-nutrient-micro-nutrient-composition-and-cooking-conditions-on-in-vitro-digestibility-of-meat-and-aquatic-dietary-proteins
#11
Jiaqiang Luo, Cheryl Taylor, Thomas Nebl, Ken Ng, Louise E Bennett
Animal and aquatic meats represent important sources of dietary protein and micro-nutrients. Although red and processed meats carry some risks for human health, sensory and nutritional advantages drive meat consumption. Therefore, it is important to understand how meat processing and cooking influence healthiness. The research aim was to investigate relationships of meat composition (proximates, amino acids and minerals) and cooking conditions (raw, 90 s microwave, 200 °C oven for 10 or 30 min) on protein digestibility, for a selection of four animal (beef, chicken, pork, kangaroo) and four aquatic meats (salmon, trout, prawn, oyster)...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534442/food-sources-of-energy-and-macronutrient-intakes-among-infants-from-6-to-12-months-of-age-the-growing-up-in-singapore-towards-healthy-outcomes-gusto-study
#12
Shan-Xuan Lim, Jia-Ying Toh, Linde van Lee, Wee-Meng Han, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Kok-Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Mary Foong-Fong Chong
Adequate nutrition during complementary feeding is important for the growth, development and well-being of children. We aim to examine the energy and macronutrient intake composition and their main food sources in a mother-offspring cohort study in Singapore. The diets of infants were assessed by 24 h dietary recalls or food diaries collected from mothers when their offspring were 6 (n = 760), 9 (n = 893) and 12 (n = 907) months of age. Food sources of energy and macronutrients were determined using the population proportion methodology...
March 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511239/-1-h-nmr-based-metabolomics-reveals-the-effect-of-maternal-habitual-dietary-patterns-on-human-amniotic-fluid-profile
#13
Maria Fotiou, Charalambos Fotakis, Foteini Tsakoumaki, Elpiniki Athanasiadou, Charikleia Kyrkou, Aristea Dimitropoulou, Thalia Tsiaka, Anastasia Chrysovalantou Chatziioannou, Kosmas Sarafidis, George Menexes, Georgios Theodoridis, Costas G Biliaderis, Panagiotis Zoumpoulakis, Apostolos P Athanasiadis, Alexandra-Maria Michaelidou
Maternal diet may influence offspring's health, even within well-nourished populations. Amniotic fluid (AF) provides a rational compartment for studies on fetal metabolism. Evidence in animal models indicates that maternal diet affects AF metabolic profile; however, data from human studies are scarce. Therefore, we have explored whether AF content may be influenced by maternal diet, using a validated food-frequency questionnaire and implementing NMR-based metabolomics. Sixty-five AF specimens, from women undergoing second-trimester amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis, were analysed...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510324/a-survey-of-dietary-characteristics-in-a-large-population-of-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Kathryn C Fitzgerald, Tuula Tyry, Amber Salter, Stacey S Cofield, Gary Cutter, Robert J Fox, Ruth Ann Marrie
INTRODUCTION: Dietary approaches to management of MS has been proposed for several decades, yet very little is known concerning dietary composition or adherence to specialized diets in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We conducted a survey of participants in the North American Research Committee on MS (NARCOMS) registry assessing diet composition and the prevalence of 19 different diets. We characterized prevalence of different diets and compared diet composition with estimated intakes from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) survey respondents and across demographics and MS clinical characteristics...
February 27, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475446/the-effects-of-fatty-fish-intake-on-adolescents-nutritional-status-and-associations-with-attention-performance-results-from-the-fins-teens-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Katina Handeland, Siv Skotheim, Valborg Baste, Ingvild E Graff, Livar Frøyland, Øyvind Lie, Marian Kjellevold, Maria W Markhus, Kjell M Stormark, Jannike Øyen, Lisbeth Dahl
BACKGROUND: Adolescence involves changes in dietary habits that may induce imbalances in the intake of different nutrients. Fish is an important dietary source of omega-3 (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), vitamin D, several minerals and high-quality protein. By using secondary outcomes and exploratory analyses, the aims of this paper were to evaluate if nutritional biomarkers (red blood cell fatty acids, serum (s)-25(OH)D, s-ferritin and urinary iodine concentration (UIC)) were altered during a dietary intervention, and if they mediated previously reported changes in attention performance...
February 23, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468821/urinary-metabolomics-profiles-associated-to-bovine-meat-ingestion-in-humans
#16
Nadezda V Khodorova, Douglas N Rutledge, Marion Oberli, David Mathiron, Paulo Marcelo, Robert Benamouzig, Daniel Tomé, Claire Gaudichon, Serge Pilard
SCOPE: The impact of meat consumption on human health is widely examined in nutritional epidemiological studies, especially due to the connection between the consumption of red and processed meat and the risk of colon cancer. Food questionnaires do not assess the exposure to different methods of meat cooking. This study aimed to identify biomarkers of the acute ingestion of bovine meat cooked with two different processes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Non-targeted UPLC-MS metabolite profiling was done on urine samples obtained from 24 healthy volunteers before and 8 h after the ingestion of a single meal composed of intrinsically 15 N labelled bovine meat, either cooked at 55 °C for 5 min or at 90 °C for 30 min...
February 22, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444692/western-and-modern-mexican-dietary-patterns-are-directly-associated-with-incident-hypertension-in-mexican-women-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#17
Adriana Monge, Martín Lajous, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Beatriz L Rodríguez, José Juan Góngora, Ruy López-Ridaura
BACKGROUND: Research has found that diet and dietary patterns are associated with blood pressure and hypertension. Limited research in this area has been conducted in a Mexican population. METHODS: We investigated the relation between dietary patterns (principal component analysis) and the incidence of self-reported treated hypertension in 62,913 women from the Mexican Teachers' Cohort, a large population-based cohort of female Mexican teachers, who were free of hypertension at baseline in 2006-2008 when diet was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire...
February 14, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433778/novel-meat-enriched-foods-for-older-consumers
#18
Mustafa M Farouk, Michelle J Y Yoo, Nazimah S A Hamid, Maryann Staincliffe, Briar Davies, Scott O Knowles
Red meat enriched versions of bread, spaghetti, yoghurt, ice cream and chocolate were prototyped and assessed for some of their physical, chemical and microbiological properties, as well as sensory appeal. The protein content of the products were significantly increased and their colour went darker with meat enrichment (p<0.05). Bread volume and spaghetti tensile strength increased and ice cream meltability and yoghurt apparent viscosity decreased with meat enrichment (p<0.05). The overall acceptability/liking of bread, flavoured ice cream and spaghetti were not affected (p>0...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422041/association-between-empirically-derived-dietary-patterns-with-blood-lipids-fasting-blood-glucose-and-blood-pressure-in-adults-the-india-migration-study
#19
Krithiga Shridhar, Ambika Satija, Preet K Dhillon, Sutapa Agrawal, Ruby Gupta, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, A V Bharathi, D Prabhakaran, K Srinath Reddy, Shah Ebrahim
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns (DPs) in India are heterogenous. To date, data on association of indigenous DPs in India with risk factors of nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases (cardiovascular disease and diabetes), leading causes of premature death and disability, are limited. We aimed to evaluate the associations of empirically-derived DPs with blood lipids, fasting glucose and blood pressure levels in an adult Indian population recruited across four geographical regions of India...
February 8, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414857/vitamin-b12-status-of-various-ethnic-groups-living-in-new-zealand-an-analysis-of-the-adult-nutrition-survey-2008-2009
#20
Asika Devi, Elaine Rush, Michelle Harper, Bernard Venn
Vitamin B12 deficiency leads to serious health problems, whilst sub-optimal status is associated with raised biochemical markers of disease risk. Identifying at-risk groups could benefit both individuals and public health. Dietary data were sourced from the New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey 2008/2009, involving a nationally representative sample of 4721 participants. Ethnic groupings were by regional origin: Māori and Pacific Islands, New Zealand European, East and South-East Asian, and South Asian. Diets were assessed using 24-h recalls and from responses to a questionnaire...
February 7, 2018: Nutrients
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