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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231148/potential-use-of-gamma-irradiated-ethnic-ready-to-eat-foods-to-improve-the-nutritional-status-of-landslide-victims
#1
REVIEW
Zubaidah Irawati Koenari, Carmen M Siagian, Bona Simanungkalit, Asti Nilatany, Indra Mustika Pratama, Deudeu Lasmawati, Cecep M Nurcahya
The safety and high quality of ethnic ready-to-eat foods as a source of nourishment and food supplies chain to the remote areas become particularly important. Consuming healthy and balanced nutritional foods means eating better quality foods in proper quantities. Such foods can be developed through a preservation technique by using ionizing radiation. Although implementation of the technology for certain foodstuffs has been implemented in some countries, application of the process to a complete set of meals for selected target groups is still very limited...
July 26, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202634/dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-metabolic-outcomes-among-adult-samoans-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Dongqing Wang, Nicola L Hawley, Avery A Thompson, Viali Lameko, Muagatutia Sefuiva Reupena, Stephen T McGarvey, Ana Baylin
Background: The Samoan population has been undergoing a nutrition transition toward more imported and processed foods and a more sedentary lifestyle.Objectives: We aimed to identify dietary patterns in Samoa and to evaluate their associations with metabolic outcomes.Methods: The sample of this cross-sectional study includes 2774 Samoan adults recruited in 2010 (1104 with metabolic syndrome compared with 1670 without). Principal component analysis on food items from a 104-item food-frequency questionnaire was used to identify dietary patterns...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196089/taxes-and-subsidies-for-improving-diet-and-population-health-in-australia-a-cost-effectiveness-modelling-study
#3
Linda J Cobiac, King Tam, Lennert Veerman, Tony Blakely
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of countries are implementing taxes on unhealthy foods and drinks to address the growing burden of dietary-related disease, but the cost-effectiveness of combining taxes on unhealthy foods and subsidies on healthy foods is not well understood. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using a population model of dietary-related diseases and health care costs and food price elasticities, we simulated the effect of taxes on saturated fat, salt, sugar, and sugar-sweetened beverages and a subsidy on fruits and vegetables, over the lifetime of the Australian population...
February 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152059/morbid-obesity-in-taiwan-prevalence-trends-associated-social-demographics-and-lifestyle-factors
#4
Heng-Cheng Chang, Hsin-Chou Yang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chih-Jung Yeh, Hsin-Hung Chen, Kuo-Chin Huang, Wen-Harn Pan
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of the most important public health issues worldwide. Moreover, an extreme phenotype, morbid obesity (MO) has insidiously become a global problem. Therefore, we aimed to document the prevalence trend and to unveil the epidemiological characteristics of MO in Taiwan. METHODS: Nationally representative samples aged 19 years and above from three consecutive waves of Nutrition and Health survey in Taiwan: 1993-1996, 2005-2008, and 2013-2014 (n = 3,071; 1,673; and 1,440; respectively) were analyzed for prevalence trend...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149312/are-the-price-patterns-of-cardioprotective-vs-unhealthy-foods-the-same-a-report-from-iran
#5
Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Bagher Larijani, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have assessed the price of different food groups in developed countries, there is scarce evidence regarding developing countries. Also, there is no report regarding the price of cardioprotective compared with unhealthy foods. The aim of this study was to determine the trend of food cost across different food groups (cardioprotective vs. unhealthy) and to assess the association between food cost and nutritional quality of foods in Iran. METHODS: A list of foods consumed frequently by Iranian population was provided...
July 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140320/alignment-of-healthy-dietary-patterns-and-environmental-sustainability-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Miriam E Nelson, Michael W Hamm, Frank B Hu, Steven A Abrams, Timothy S Griffin
To support food security for current and future generations, there is a need to understand the relation between sustainable diets and the health of a population. In recent years, a number of studies have investigated and compared different dietary patterns to better understand which foods and eating patterns have less of an environmental impact while meeting nutritional needs and promoting health. This systematic review (SR) of population-level dietary patterns and food sustainability extends and updates the SR that was conducted by the 2015 US Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, an expert committee commissioned by the federal government to inform dietary guidance as it relates to the committee's original conclusions...
November 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122782/a-metabolomic-study-of-biomarkers-of-meat-and-fish-intake
#7
William Cheung, Pekka Keski-Rahkonen, Nada Assi, Pietro Ferrari, Heinz Freisling, Sabina Rinaldi, Nadia Slimani, Raul Zamora-Ros, Milena Rundle, Gary Frost, Helena Gibbons, Eibhlin Carr, Lorraine Brennan, Amanda J Cross, Valeria Pala, Salvatore Panico, Carlotta Sacerdote, Domenico Palli, Rosario Tumino, Tilman Kühn, Rudolf Kaaks, Heiner Boeing, Anna Floegel, Francesca Mancini, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Laura Baglietto, Antonia Trichopoulou, Androniki Naska, Philippos Orfanos, Augustin Scalbert
BACKGROUND: Meat and fish intakes have been associated with various chronic diseases. The use of specific biomarkers may help to assess meat and fish intake and improve subject classification according to the amount and type of meat or fish consumed. OBJECTIVE: A metabolomic approach was applied to search for biomarkers of meat and fish intake in a dietary intervention study and in free-living subjects from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069093/development-and-evaluation-of-a-nutrition-transition-ffq-for-adolescents-in-south-india
#8
Nida I Shaikh, Jennifer K Frediani, Usha Ramakrishnan, Shailaja S Patil, Kathryn M Yount, Reynaldo Martorell, Km Venkat Narayan, Solveig A Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a Nutrition Transition-FFQ (NT-FFQ) to measure nutrition transition among adolescents in South India. DESIGN: We developed an interviewer-administered NT-FFQ comprising a 125-item semi-quantitative FFQ and a twenty-seven-item eating behaviour survey. The reproducibility and validity of the NT-FFQ were assessed using Spearman correlations, intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), and levels of agreement using Bland-Altman and cross-classification over 2 months (NT-FFQ1 and NT-FFQ2)...
January 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053921/what-are-the-links-of-prostate-cancer-with-physical-activity-and-nutrition-a-systematic-review-article
#9
REVIEW
Joanna Kruk, Hassan Aboul-Enein
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common malignancy in men worldwide. The purpose of this study was to provide a brief synthesis the current knowledge for the effects of physical activity (PA) and nutrition on PCa risk. METHODS: A systematic review of English languages reviews, meta-analysis, and original articles published from 2009 to 2015 extracted from the following websites: MEDLINE, Web of Science, Health Source, Science Direct, and their references...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031193/associations-of-dietary-lifestyle-and-sociodemographic-factors-with-iron-status-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#10
Peter J Hu, Sylvia H Ley, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Yanping Li, Dong D Wang
BACKGROUND: Although a high prevalence of anemia and related disease burden have been documented in China, limited evidence is available on the current population-level iron status and risk factors for iron imbalance. OBJECTIVE: We explored the associations of dietary, lifestyle, and sociodemographic factors with iron status in Chinese adults. DESIGN: Our study population consisted of 7672 adults aged 18-65 y from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003292/eatwell-guide-modelling-the-dietary-and-cost-implications-of-incorporating-new-sugar-and-fibre-guidelines
#11
Peter Scarborough, Asha Kaur, Linda Cobiac, Paul Owens, Alexandr Parlesak, Kate Sweeney, Mike Rayner
OBJECTIVES: To model food group consumption and price of diet associated with achieving UK dietary recommendations while deviating as little as possible from the current UK diet, in order to support the redevelopment of the UK food-based dietary guidelines (now called the Eatwell Guide). DESIGN: Optimisation modelling, minimising an objective function of the difference between population mean modelled and current consumption of 125 food groups, and constraints of nutrient and food-based recommendations...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958255/evaluation-of-serum-vitamin-b12-level-and-related-nutritional-status-among-apparently-healthy-obese-female-individuals
#12
D Baltaci, M H Deler, Y Turker, F Ermis, D Iliev, U Velioglu
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a major public health problem and great risk for not only cardiovascular diseases but also cancer, musculoskeletal, and gynecological diseases. This study was aimed to investigate the association between serum Vitamin B12 (vitB12), body mass index (BMI), and nutritional status among obese women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled consecutive female subjects. The consumptions of red meat, fish, bovine liver, egg, and mushroom were recorded...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919261/caf%C3%A3-a-multicomponent-audit-and-feedback-intervention-to-improve-implementation-of-healthy-food-policy-in-primary-school-canteens-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Sze Lin Yoong, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Christopher Oldmeadow, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Tessa Delaney, Peter Butler, Lisa Janssen, Sarah Preece, Christopher M Williams
BACKGROUND: The implementation of nutrition policies in schools has been recommended as a strategy to improve child dietary intake. Internationally, research suggests that the majority of schools do not implement these policies. In New South Wales (NSW), Australia, the NSW Healthy School Canteen Policy requires that school canteens prohibit the sale of 'red' foods (i.e. foods that are typically nutrient poor and high in energy, such as confectionary and deep-fried foods) and 'banned'drinks (i...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911482/meat-quality-and-intramuscular-fatty-acid-composition-of-catria-horse
#14
Maria Federica Trombetta, Francesco Nocelli, Marina Pasquini
In order to extend scientific knowledge on autochthonous Italian equine meat, the physical-chemical parameters of Catria Horse Longissimus thoracis (LT) muscle and its nutritional characteristics have been investigated. Ten steaks of Catria foal raised at pasture and fattened indoors for 2 months were dissected, and LT muscle was analyzed for chemical composition, total iron, drip loss, colorimetric characteristics, intramuscular fat, fatty acid profile and nutritional indexes. Steak dissection showed that LT muscle accounted for 36...
December 2, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886131/changes-in-meat-poultry-fish-consumption-in-australia-from-1995-to-2011-2012
#15
Zhixian Sui, David Raubenheimer, Judy Cunningham, Anna Rangan
The purpose of the study was to examine temporal changes in meat/poultry/fish consumption patterns between 1995 and 2011-2012 in the Australian population. Meat/poultry/fish consumption from all food sources, including recipes, was analysed by gender, age group, and socio-economic status using 24-h recall data from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey (n = 13,858) and the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (n = 12,153). The overall proportion of people consuming meat/poultry/fish remained stable (91...
November 24, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857540/meat-quality-and-physicochemical-trait-assessments-of-berkshire-and-commercial-3-way-crossbred-pigs
#16
Sivakumar Allur Subramaniyan, Da Rae Kang, Shah Ahmed Belal, Eun-So-Ri Cho, Jong-Hyun Jung, Young-Chul Jung, Yang-Il Choi, Kwan-Seob Shim
In this study, we compared qualities and physiochemical traits of meat from Berkshire (black color) pigs with those of meat from 3-way Landrace (white color) × Yorkshire (white color) × Duroc (red color) crossbred pigs (LYD). Meat quality characteristics, including pH, color, drip loss, cooking loss, and free amino acid, fatty acid, vitamin, and mineral contents of longissimus dorsi muscles, were compared. Meat from Berkshire pigs had deeper meat color (redness), higher pH, and lower drip loss and cooking loss than meat from LYD pigs...
October 31, 2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845960/meat-and-haem-iron-intake-in-relation-to-glioma-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-study
#17
Heather A Ward, Alicia Gayle, Paula Jakszyn, Melissa Merritt, Beatrice Melin, Heinz Freisling, Elisabete Weiderpass, Anne Tjonneland, Anja Olsen, Christina C Dahm, Kim Overvad, Verena Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Andreas Kyrozis, Domenico Palli, Vittorio Krogh, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Amalia Mattiello, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, José Ramón Quirós, Antonio Agudo, Miguel Rodriguez-Barranco, Nerea Larrañaga, José M Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, Emily Sonestedt, Isabel Drake, Maria Sandström, Ruth C Travis, Pietro Ferrari, Elio Riboli, Amanda J Cross
Diets high in red or processed meat have been associated positively with some cancers, and several possible underlying mechanisms have been proposed, including iron-related pathways. However, the role of meat intake in adult glioma risk has yielded conflicting findings because of small sample sizes and heterogeneous tumour classifications. The aim of this study was to examine red meat, processed meat and iron intake in relation to glioma risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833843/is-frequency-of-fast-food-and-sit-down-restaurant-eating-occasions-differentially-associated-with-less-healthful-eating-habits
#18
Michael A Close, Leslie A Lytle, Anthony J Viera
Studies have shown that frequency of fast food restaurant eating and sit-down restaurant eating is differentially associated with nutrient intakes and biometric outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine whether frequency of fast food and sit-down restaurant eating occasions was differentially associated with less healthful eating habits, independent of demographic characteristics. Data were collected from participants in 2015 enrolled in a worksite nutrition intervention trial (n = 388) in North Carolina who completed self-administered questionnaires at baseline...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805542/association-between-predominantly-plant-based-diets-and-iron-status-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#19
Jingjing He, Xin Shen, Aiping Fang, Jie Song, He Li, Meihan Guo, Keji Li
Current evidence of the relationship between diets and Fe status is mostly derived from studies in developed countries with Western diets, which may not be translatable to Chinese with a predominantly plant-based diet. We extracted data that were nationally sampled from the 2009 wave of China Health and Nutrition Survey; dietary information was collected using 24-h recalls combined with a food inventory for 3 consecutive days. Blood samples were collected to quantify Fe status, and log-ferritin, transferrin receptor and Hb were used as Fe status indicators...
November 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754267/sy-16-1-dietary-approaches-to-prevent-and-control-elevated-blood-pressure
#20
Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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