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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236551/the-association-between-index-of-nutritional-quality-inq-and-glioma-and-evaluation-of-nutrient-intakes-of-these-patients-a-case-control-study
#1
Mehdi Shayanfar, Farhad Vahid, Zeinab Faghfoori, Sayed Hossein Davoodi, Reza Goodarzi
INTRODUCTION: Glioma is the most common adult brain tumors. Dietary factors may play a role in the etiology of glioma. The Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) provides a general overview for the nutrient content of a food or a diet. This study aimed to investigate the association between INQ and glioma and nutrient intakes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was included 128 patients and 256 controls. Dietary intakes of the subjects were evaluated by a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and FFQ-derived dietary data were used to calculate INQ scores...
December 13, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225484/the-prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-a-sample-of-female-university-students-in-tabuk-saudi-arabia
#2
Riyadh A Alzaheb, Osama Al-Amer
Background: Prior data on iron deficiency anemia's (IDA) prevalence and associated risk factors among female university students are scarce in the Saudi Arabian context. This study therefore recruited a sample of female students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, to investigate IDA prevalence and risk factors and fill the identified research gap. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 200 apparently healthy female students aged between 19 and 25 years was performed between February and June 2016...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204906/mapping-qtl-for-omega-3-content-in-hybrid-saline-tilapia
#3
Grace Lin, Le Wang, Si Te Ngoh, Lianghui Ji, Laszlo Orbán, Gen Hua Yue
Tilapia is one of most important foodfish species. The low omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acid ratio in freshwater tilapia meat is disadvantageous for human health. Increasing omega-3 content is an important task in breeding to increase the nutritional value of tilapia. However, conventional breeding to increase omega-3 content is difficult and slow. To accelerate the increase of omega-3 through marker-assisted selection (MAS), we conducted QTL mapping for fatty acid contents and profiles in a F2 family of saline tilapia generated by crossing red tilapia and Mozambique tilapia...
December 4, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198220/meeting-uk-dietary-recommendations-is-associated-with-higher-estimated-consumer-food-costs-an-analysis-using-the-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-and-consumer-expenditure-data-2008-2012
#4
Nicholas Rv Jones, Tammy Yn Tong, Pablo Monsivais
OBJECTIVE: To test whether diets achieving recommendations from the UK's Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) were associated with higher monetary costs in a nationally representative sample of UK adults. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study linking 4 d diet diaries in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) to contemporaneous food price data from a market research firm. The monetary cost of diets was assessed in relation to whether or not they met eight food- and nutrient-based recommendations from SACN...
December 4, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185090/meat-consumption-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-among-men-and-women-in-the-cancer-prevention-study-ii-nutrition-cohort
#5
Marjorie L McCullough, Eric J Jacobs, Roma Shah, Peter T Campbell, Ying Wang, Terryl J Hartman, Susan M Gapstur
PURPOSE: Prospective cohort studies suggest that red and processed meat consumption is associated with increased risk of pancreatic cancer among men, but not women. However, evidence is limited, and less evidence exists for other types of meat. METHODS: Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HR) for the association of meat consumption, by type, with pancreatic cancer risk among 138,266 men and women in the Cancer Prevention Study-II Nutrition Cohort...
January 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166141/adherence-to-the-wcrf-aicr-for-women-in-breast-cancer-adjuvant-treatment-submitted-to-educational-nutritional-intervention
#6
Sheyla de Liz, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi Vieira, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Alyne Lizane Cardoso, Clarice Perucchi Lopes Pazini, Patricia Faria Di Pietro
Patients undergoing breast cancer treatment are susceptible to changes in eating behavior and nutrition status, thus making nutrition education relevant. Based on the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guide, with recommendations for cancer prevention released in 2007, the present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of educational nutritional intervention for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment while adhering to the 2007 WCRF/AICR guidelines. A nonrandomized clinical trial was conducted with a population composed of female patients, divided in intervention (IG, n = 18) and comparison (CG, n = 68) groups...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113457/the-occurrence-of-deep-pectoral-myopathy-in-broilers-and-associated-changes-in-breast-meat-quality
#7
S Yalcin, S Ozkan, M C Acar, O Meral
1. Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of slaughter weight on the incidence and intensity of deep pectoral myopathy (DPM) of M. pectoralis minor (p. minor muscle) in commercial conditions in Turkey and to evaluate the impact of DPM on meat quality traits of pectoralis major (p. major) muscle in broilers. 2. In Experiment 1, a total of 116 250 carcasses from 59 Ross-308 broiler flocks, classified according to slaughter weight as 2.0-2.2, 2.2-2.4, 2.4-2.6 and >2.6 kg, were evaluated for occurrence of DPM...
November 8, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068399/major-differences-in-diet-across-three-linguistic-regions-of-switzerland-results-from-the-first-national-nutrition-survey-menuch
#8
Angeline Chatelan, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Alex Randriamiharisoa, Jerome Pasquier, Juan Manual Blanco, Stefan Siegenthaler, Fred Paccaud, Nadia Slimani, Genevieve Nicolas, Esther Camenzind-Frey, Christine Anne Zuberbuehler, Murielle Bochud
Switzerland is a multilingual country located between Germany, France and Italy, which differ by dietary habits and related outcomes. We explored differences in food consumption as well as compliance to the Swiss food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) across the German-, French-, and Italian-speaking regions. The 2014-2015 nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted among a stratified random sample of 2057 adults aged 18 to 75 years. Trained dietitians assessed food consumption via two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls using the international validated software GloboDiet(®)...
October 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065941/effects-of-maternal-methyl-donor-on-the-pork-characteristics-of-offspring-pigs-with-prenatal-exposure-to-bisphenol-a
#9
Y Zhuo, J Wang, H Liu, D Mou, T Adebowale, L Che, Z Fang, S Xu, G Liu, Y Lin, B Feng, N Abdullah Al-Dhabi, J Li, V Duraipandiyan, D Wu
To explore the effects of maternal nutrition on offspring muscle characteristics, a total of 56 sows were assigned to one of the four dietary groups during gestation: control (CON), or control diets supplemented with methyl donor (MET), bisphenol A (BPA), and combined BPA and MET (BPA+MET). Compared with CON offspring, MET offspring showed a higher meat redness value, but lower glycogen content in the longissimus thoracis (LT). Moreover, compared with CON offspring, MET offspring showed lower LT glycogen synthase (GS) mRNA levels at birth and the finishing stage, and increased methylation at the GS promoter...
October 25, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049045/nutrition-physical-activity-and-lifestyle-factors-in-prostate-cancer-prevention
#10
Eric Ballon-Landa, John Kellogg Parsons
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current evidence for prostate cancer prevention with nutrition, physical activity, and lifestyle interventions and identify future research directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple preclinical and observational studies have observed that diet, exercise, and lifestyle interventions may play a role in mitigating disease progression, mortality, and overall disease burden for high-grade and fatal prostate cancer. Increased vegetable and fruit intakes, decreased red meat and saturated fat intakes, and increased exercise are potentially associated with decreased risk of incident disease and increased progression-free, prostate cancer-specific, and overall survival...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046327/time-trends-of-dietary-and-lifestyle-factors-and-their-potential-impact-on-diabetes-burden-in-china
#11
Yanping Li, Dong D Wang, Sylvia H Ley, Malik Vasanti, Annie Green Howard, Yuna He, Frank B Hu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the secular trends in risk factors, estimate their impact on type 2 diabetes burden from 1991 to 2011, and project trends in the next 20 years. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Risk factor distributions were based on data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 1991-2011. Diabetes cases attributable to all nonoptimal levels of each risk factor were estimated by applying the comparative risk assessment method. RESULTS: In 2011, high BMI was the leading individual attributable factor for diabetes cases in China responsible for 43...
October 18, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034148/does-a-grill-menu-redesign-influence-sales-nutrients-purchased-and-consumer-acceptance-in-a-worksite-cafeteria
#12
Maya K Vadiveloo, Vasanti S Malik, Donna Spiegelman, Walter C Willett, Josiemer Mattei
Worksite cafeterias are compelling venues to improve diet quality through environmental changes. We conducted a pre-post study to evaluate how a cafeteria-initiated grill menu redesign influenced sales, revenue, and nutrient content of foods purchased. Secondly, we evaluated consumer opinions about menu changes to inform practices for worksite environment interventions. Monthly sales data (2012-2015) were used to compute gross sales and revenue of entrées and side dishes pre-post menu changes. Alternative protein sources replaced red meat; nutrient composition and nutrients purchased were compared using Food Pro software...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988565/effect-of-age-and-gender-on-carcass-traits-and-meat-quality-of-farmed-brown-hares
#13
A Trocino, M Birolo, S Dabbou, F Gratta, N Rigo, G Xiccato
A total of 48 sub-adult hares and adult reproducing farmed hares were used to characterize carcass and meat traits according to the age and gender of animals. With respect to carcass traits, when age increased, the carcass weight significantly increased (2022 to 3391 g; P<0.001), but dressing out percentages did not change. The dissectible fat (1.3% to 2.2%; P<0.05) and Longissimus lumborum (LL) proportions (13.5% to 14.5%; P<0.001) and muscle-to-bone ratio of hind legs (5.11 to 6.23; P<0.001) increased, whereas the hind leg proportions decreased (37...
October 9, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956850/precision-nutrition-for-targeting-lipid-metabolism-in-colorectal-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Cristina Aguirre-Portolés, Lara P Fernández, Ana Ramírez de Molina
Cancer is a multistage and multifactorial condition with genetic and environmental factors modulating tumorogenesis and disease progression. Nevertheless, cancer is preventable, as one third of cancer deaths could be avoided by modifying key risk factors. Nutrients can directly affect fundamental cellular processes and are considered among the most important risk factors in colorectal cancer (CRC). Red and processed meat, poultry consumption, fiber, and folate are the best-known diet components that interact with colorectal cancer susceptibility...
September 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942754/can-we-improve-the-nutritional-quality-of-meat
#15
Nigel D Scollan, Eleri M Price, Sarah A Morgan, Sharon A Huws, Kevin J Shingfield
The nutritional value of meat is an increasingly important factor influencing consumer preferences for poultry, red meat and processed meat products. Intramuscular fat content and composition, in addition to high quality protein, trace minerals and vitamins are important determinants of nutritional value. Fat content of meat at retail has decreased substantially over the past 40 years through advances in animal genetics, nutrition and management and changes in processing techniques. Evidence of the association between diet and the incidence of human non-communicable diseases has driven an interest in developing production systems for lowering total SFA and trans fatty acid (TFA) content and enrichment of n-3 PUFA concentrations in meat and meat products...
September 25, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934081/longitudinal-analysis-of-nut-inclusive-diets-and-body-mass-index-among-overweight-and-obese-african-american-women-living-in-rural-alabama-and-mississippi-2011-2013
#16
Samara R Sterling, Brenda Bertrand, Suzanne Judd, Tiffany L Carson, Paula Chandler-Laney, Monica L Baskin
INTRODUCTION: Nuts, when eaten alongside other nutritionally rich foods, may decrease obesity and related chronic disease risks, which are high among African American women in the rural South. We monitored changes in nut intake, other obesity-related foods (fruits, vegetables, red or processed meats, added sugars), and body mass index (BMI) over a 2-year weight loss intervention among 383 overweight and obese African American women in rural Alabama and Mississippi. METHODS: Two dietary recalls were administered at 4 points over 24 months...
September 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929899/nutrition-as-a-component-of-dementia-risk-reduction-strategies
#17
Carol E Greenwood, Matthew D Parrott
According to the Alzheimer Society of Canada, within the next generation, Canada will experience a more than doubling of individuals living with dementia and a potentially economically crippling 10-fold increase in costs to Canadians. Up to 50% of cases with dementia can be attributed to seven modifiable, predominantly vascular and/or lifestyle-associated, risk factors. Multi-modal dementia risk reduction strategies, targeting diet, exercise, mental stimulation, and vascular risk monitoring, are likely to be the most successful...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927785/do-alcoholic-beverages-obesity-and-other-nutritional-factors-modify-the-risk-of-familial-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Anthony Fardet, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Mathilde Touvier, Paule Latino-Martel
PURPOSE: Individuals with family history of colorectal cancer are at higher risk of colorectal cancer than the general population. Until now, guidelines for familial colorectal cancer risk have only pointed at early diagnosis efforts via screening tests and surveillance, and payed scarce or no attention to lowering exposure to modifiable risk factors, notably nutritional factors. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of epidemiological studies investigating the associations between nutritional factors, family history of colorectal cancer, and colorectal cancer risk...
November 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926963/broad-and-inconsistent-muscle-food-classification-is-problematic-for-dietary-guidance-in-the-u-s
#19
REVIEW
Cody L Gifford, Lauren E O'Connor, Wayne W Campbell, Dale R Woerner, Keith E Belk
Dietary recommendations regarding consumption of muscle foods, such as red meat, processed meat, poultry or fish, largely rely on current dietary intake assessment methods. This narrative review summarizes how U.S. intake values for various types of muscle foods are grouped and estimated via methods that include: (1) food frequency questionnaires; (2) food disappearance data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service; and (3) dietary recall information from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data...
September 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925766/correlation-of-types-of-food-and-asthma-diagnosis-in-childhood-a-case-control-study
#20
Souheil Hallit, Chantal Raherison, Rita Abou Abdallah, Rabih Hallit, Pascale Salameh
OBJECTIVE: Studies concerning asthma in Lebanon investigated environmental and personal factors but none of them took into account the effect of nutritional habits. Our objective is to assess the effect of nutritional habits on asthma and allergies in Lebanese children aged 3-16 years old. METHODS: This is a case-control study, conducted between December 2015 and April 2016. The Food Frequency Questionnaire was composed of 16 semi-quantitative questions covering different food categories...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
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