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Red meat nutrition

Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Małgorzata Czerwonka, Andrzej Tokarz
In developed countries, due to high content and bioavailability, red and processed meats are the main sources of iron in the diet. Adequate intake of this nutrient is essential for the proper development and functioning of the human body, and its deficiencies are associated mainly with the occurrence of anemia, which is one of the most widespread nutritional problems in the world. However, excessive intake of iron can be detrimental to health. Studies have shown that high consumption of red meat and its products, and thereby iron, particularly in the form of heme, increases the risk of non-communicable diseases, including cancers, type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
October 2, 2016: Meat Science
N Guess
BACKGROUND: Diets reduced or low in carbohydrates are becoming increasingly popular. The replacement foods and their accompanying nutrients determine the health effects of such diets. However, little is known about the dietary intake of people consuming reduced or low carbohydrate diets. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the dietary and nutrient intake of individuals aged 16-75 years consuming less than 40% of energy from carbohydrate (n = 430) was compared with individuals consuming equal to or more than 40% energy from carbohydrate (n = 1833) using the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Deborah S do Amaral, Alejandra Cardelle-Cobas, Bárbara M S do Nascimento, Marta S Madruga, Maria Manuela E Pintado
Goat meat is extensively known for its interesting nutritional value and for being an important source of protein with high quality. Its food derivatives are, therefore, a good alternative to develop new products addressed to health conscious consumers. In this work, a healthier goat product, namely, a low fat fresh sausage, was produced with the objective of evaluating the effect of inclusion of chitosan on quality, stability and shelf life. Sausages containing 2% chitosan were formulated with different fat levels (5%, 12...
September 14, 2016: Food & Function
Chantel L Martin, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Whitney R Robinson, Julie L Daniels, Eliana M Perrin, Alison M Stuebe
BACKGROUND: Child obesity is a major problem in the United States. Identifying early-life risk factors is necessary for prevention. Maternal diet during pregnancy is a primary source of fetal energy and might influence risk of child obesity. OBJECTIVE: We prospectively investigated the influence of maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy on child growth in the first 3 y of life in 389 mother-child pairs from the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition study. METHODS: Dietary patterns were derived with the use of latent class analysis (LCA) based on maternal diet, collected with the use of a food-frequency questionnaire at 26-29 wk gestation...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Z Wang, P Gordon-Larsen, A M Siega-Riz, J Cai, H Wang, L S Adair, B M Popkin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study investigates secular trends in diet quality distribution and related socioeconomic disparity from 1991 to 2011 in the Chinese adult population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The analysis uses the 1991-2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey data on 13 853 participants (6876 men and 6977 women) aged 18-65 with 56 319 responses. Dietary assessment was carried out over a 3-day period with 24-h recalls combined with a household food inventory...
September 28, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
John J Hyland, Maeve Henchion, Mary McCarthy, Sinéad N McCarthy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE) associated with the diet of Irish adults. DESIGN: GHGE were estimated by applying conversion factors to habitual food consumption data taken from the National Adult Nutrition Survey, which was representative of the population. Descriptive analyses were undertaken for GHGE for the total population, as well as accounting for energy misreporting and across categories of sociodemographic and socio-economic factors and tertiles of emissions...
September 26, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Marjorie L McCullough, Susan M Gapstur, Roma Shah, Peter T Campbell, Ying Wang, Colleen Doyle, Mia M Gaudet
PURPOSE: Due to the limited evidence on the role of diet and cause-specific mortality among breast cancer survivors, current nutrition guidelines for this population are consistent with those for cancer prevention. We evaluated whether diets consistent with the American Cancer Society recommendations for cancer prevention were associated with risk of death in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Participants reported information on diet and other factors at baseline in 1992-1993 and twice during follow-up...
September 19, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Sébastien Lacroix, Jennifer Cantin, Anil Nigam
In this article, we discuss certain contemporary and controversial topics in cardiovascular (CV) nutrition including recent data regarding the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet, the role of saturated fatty acids, red meat and the microbiome in CV disease and the current role of personalized CV nutrition. Findings from the PREDIMED study now demonstrate the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet even in the absence of heart disease. The study highlighted that even small, sustained and easily implementable changes to diet can provide significant health benefits even in Mediterranean regions...
September 15, 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Sarah Browne, Anthony Staines, Carol Barron, Veronica Lambert, Davide Susta, Mary Rose Sweeney
OBJECTIVE: To compare the energy, nutrient and food group compositions of three sources of school-day lunches among students in five secondary schools in the Republic of Ireland (ROI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted between October 2012 and March 2013. Students completed self-report food diaries over two school days. The energy, nutrient, nutrient density and food group composition of school-day lunches from home, school and 'out' in local food outlets were compared using ANCOVA and Tukey's Honest Significant Difference post hoc analysis...
August 25, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Jennifer Bail, Karen Meneses, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
OBJECTIVES: To discuss the relationship between weight management and diet and cancer prevention, current nutritional guidelines, and evidence-based strategies to reduce cancer risk. DATA SOURCES: Current nutritional guidelines, journal articles published between 2012 and 2015, and internet resources. CONCLUSION: Evidence indicates that attaining and/or maintaining a healthy weight and adopting a diet that is primarily plant-based, low in red and processed meats, simple sugars, and refined carbohydrates, limits alcohol, and relies on food for nutrients can aid in preventing cancer...
August 2016: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
S Barbut, J Wood, A Marangoni
Organogels made with canola oil, ethyl cellulose (EC; 8, 10, 12 and 14%), and sorbitan monostearate (SMS; 1.5, 3.0%) were used to replace pork fat in breakfast sausages. Some of the formulations with SMS matched the objective hardness (texture analyzer) of the pork fat control; however, sensory hardness was not so easily matched. Using canola oil by itself resulted in lower objective and subjective hardness values than the control. Sensory cohesiveness was not affected by the replacements, but springiness was lower in the treatments without SMS and some of the high EC treatments with SMS...
December 2016: Meat Science
Katherine M Livingstone, Carlos Celis-Morales, Jose Lara, Clara Woolhead, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Cyril Fm Marsaux, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Silvia Kolossa, Lydia Tsirigoti, Christina P Lambrinou, George Moschonis, Agnieszka Surwiłło, Christian A Drevon, Yannis Manios, Iwona Traczyk, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Marianne C Walsh, Julie A Lovegrove, J Alfredo Martinez, Wim Hm Saris, Hannelore Daniel, Mike Gibney, John C Mathers
OBJECTIVE: To characterise clusters of individuals based on adherence to dietary recommendations and to determine whether changes in Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores in response to a personalised nutrition (PN) intervention varied between clusters. DESIGN: Food4Me study participants were clustered according to whether their baseline dietary intakes met European dietary recommendations. Changes in HEI scores between baseline and month 6 were compared between clusters and stratified by whether individuals received generalised or PN advice...
August 8, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Denise Mafra, Viviane O Leal
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging health public problem in Brazil. Nutritional counseling with focus on protein restriction is a promising strategy to treatment of nondialysis CKD patients due its effects on slowing renal loss. However, Brazilian people have high protein intake, which is a challenge when low protein diet (LPD) should be prescribed. This review describes a practical approach to the dietetic management of nondialysis CKD patients in Brazil. DISCUSSION: Although Brazilian cuisine varies greatly by region, Brazil has current trends of incorporating Western dietary habits, including high intake of red meat...
2016: BMC Nephrology
Frank B Hu, Ambika Satija, Eric B Rimm, Donna Spiegelman, Laura Sampson, Bernard Rosner, Carlos A Camargo, Meir Stampfer, Walter C Willett
OBJECTIVES: To review the contribution of the Nurses' Health Studies (NHSs) to diet assessment methods and evidence-based nutritional policies and guidelines. METHODS: We performed a narrative review of the publications of the NHS and NHS II between 1976 and 2016. RESULTS: Through periodic assessment of diet by validated dietary questionnaires over 40 years, the NHSs have identified dietary determinants of diseases such as breast and other cancers; obesity; type 2 diabetes; cardiovascular, respiratory, and eye diseases; and neurodegenerative and mental health disorders...
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Tingting Liu, Nazimah Hamid, Kevin Kantono, Loveena Pereira, Mustafa M Farouk, Scott O Knowles
In our study, semolina flour was substituted with beef emulsion (EM) at three different levels of 15, 30 and 45% (w/w) to develop a pasta with enhanced nutritional profile. The protein, fat, and water content significantly increased with addition of meat. The addition of meat enhanced the pasta gluten network. The redness and yellowness of cooked pasta increased with meat addition. Tensile strength increased from 0.018N/mm(2) in the control sample to 0.046N/mm(2) in 45% beef emulsion (45EM) sample. All meat-containing samples had significantly higher elasticity than control (0...
December 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
Marek Kasielski, Makandjou-Ola Eusebio, Mirosława Pietruczuk, Dariusz Nowak
BACKGROUND: Repeated nucleotide sequences combined with proteins called telomeres cover chromosome ends and dictate cells lifespan. Many factors can modify telomere length, among them are: nutrition and smoking habits, physical activities and socioeconomic status measured by education level. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of above mentioned factors on peripheral blood mononuclear cells telomere length. METHODS: Study included 28 subjects (seven male and 21 female, age 18-65 years...
2016: Nutrition Journal
Min Kyung Park, Hee Young Paik, Yeonsook Lee
OBJECTIVES: Cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide, and cancer incidence and mortality have been increasing steadily in South Korea. This study aimed to examine the change in consumption of three cancer-related dietary factors-red meat, alcohol, and fruits/vegetables, and to evaluate consumption of these dietary factors among Koreans according to the criteria from the recommendations of the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute of Cancer Research. METHODS: Consumption of red meat, alcoholic beverages, and fruits and vegetables was calculated from the 24-hour recall data of 36,486 individuals older than 20 years who were selected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1998-2009...
June 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Heather A Ward, Teresa Norat, Kim Overvad, Christina C Dahm, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Mazda Jenab, Veronika Fedirko, Fränzel J B van Duijnhoven, Guri Skeie, Dora Romaguera-Bosch, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Franck Carbonnel, Aurélie Affret, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Verena Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Krassimira Aleksandrova, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Christina Bamia, Domenico Palli, Sabina Sieri, Rosario Tumino, Alessio Naccarati, Amalia Mattiello, Petra H Peeters, Elisabete Weiderpass, Lene Angell Åsli, Paula Jakszyn, J Ramón Quirós, María-José Sánchez, Miren Dorronsoro, José-María Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, Karin Jirström, Ulrika Ericson, Ingegerd Johansson, Björn Gylling, Kathryn E Bradbury, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nicholas J Wareham, Magdalena Stepien, Heinz Freisling, Neil Murphy, Amanda J Cross, Elio Riboli
Improvements in colorectal cancer (CRC) detection and treatment have led to greater numbers of CRC survivors, for whom there is limited evidence on which to provide dietary guidelines to improve survival outcomes. Higher intake of red and processed meat and lower intake of fibre are associated with greater risk of developing CRC, but there is limited evidence regarding associations with survival after CRC diagnosis. Among 3789 CRC cases in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort, pre-diagnostic consumption of red meat, processed meat, poultry and dietary fibre was examined in relation to CRC-specific mortality (n 1008) and all-cause mortality (n 1262) using multivariable Cox regression models, adjusted for CRC risk factors...
July 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
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