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Red meat nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919261/caf%C3%A3-a-multicomponent-audit-and-feedback-intervention-to-improve-implementation-of-healthy-food-policy-in-primary-school-canteens-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Sze Lin Yoong, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Christopher Oldmeadow, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Tessa Delaney, Peter Butler, Lisa Janssen, Sarah Preece, Christopher M Williams
BACKGROUND: The implementation of nutrition policies in schools has been recommended as a strategy to improve child dietary intake. Internationally, research suggests that the majority of schools do not implement these policies. In New South Wales (NSW), Australia, the NSW Healthy School Canteen Policy requires that school canteens prohibit the sale of 'red' foods (i.e. foods that are typically nutrient poor and high in energy, such as confectionary and deep-fried foods) and 'banned'drinks (i...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911482/meat-quality-and-intramuscular-fatty-acid-composition-of-catria-horse
#2
Maria Federica Trombetta, Francesco Nocelli, Marina Pasquini
In order to extend scientific knowledge on autochthonous Italian equine meat, the physical-chemical parameters of Catria Horse Longissimus thoracis (LT) muscle and its nutritional characteristics have been investigated. Ten steaks of Catria foal raised at pasture and fattened indoors for 2 months were dissected, and LT muscle was analyzed for chemical composition, total iron, drip loss, colorimetric characteristics, intramuscular fat, fatty acid profile and nutritional indexes. Steak dissection showed that LT muscle accounted for 36...
December 2, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886131/changes-in-meat-poultry-fish-consumption-in-australia-from-1995-to-2011-2012
#3
Zhixian Sui, David Raubenheimer, Judy Cunningham, Anna Rangan
The purpose of the study was to examine temporal changes in meat/poultry/fish consumption patterns between 1995 and 2011-2012 in the Australian population. Meat/poultry/fish consumption from all food sources, including recipes, was analysed by gender, age group, and socio-economic status using 24-h recall data from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey (n = 13,858) and the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (n = 12,153). The overall proportion of people consuming meat/poultry/fish remained stable (91...
November 24, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857540/meat-quality-and-physicochemical-trait-assessments-of-berkshire-and-commercial-3-way-crossbred-pigs
#4
Sivakumar Allur Subramaniyan, Da Rae Kang, Shah Ahmed Belal, Eun-So-Ri Cho, Jong-Hyun Jung, Young-Chul Jung, Yang-Il Choi, Kwan-Seob Shim
In this study, we compared qualities and physiochemical traits of meat from Berkshire (black color) pigs with those of meat from 3-way Landrace (white color) × Yorkshire (white color) × Duroc (red color) crossbred pigs (LYD). Meat quality characteristics, including pH, color, drip loss, cooking loss, and free amino acid, fatty acid, vitamin, and mineral contents of longissimus dorsi muscles, were compared. Meat from Berkshire pigs had deeper meat color (redness), higher pH, and lower drip loss and cooking loss than meat from LYD pigs...
October 31, 2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845960/meat-and-haem-iron-intake-in-relation-to-glioma-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-study
#5
Heather A Ward, Alicia Gayle, Paula Jakszyn, Melissa Merritt, Beatrice Melin, Heinz Freisling, Elisabete Weiderpass, Anne Tjonneland, Anja Olsen, Christina C Dahm, Kim Overvad, Verena Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Andreas Kyrozis, Domenico Palli, Vittorio Krogh, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Amalia Mattiello, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, José Ramón Quirós, Antonio Agudo, Miguel Rodriguez-Barranco, Nerea Larrañaga, José M Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, Emily Sonestedt, Isabel Drake, Maria Sandström, Ruth C Travis, Pietro Ferrari, Elio Riboli, Amanda J Cross
Diets high in red or processed meat have been associated positively with some cancers, and several possible underlying mechanisms have been proposed, including iron-related pathways. However, the role of meat intake in adult glioma risk has yielded conflicting findings because of small sample sizes and heterogeneous tumour classifications. The aim of this study was to examine red meat, processed meat and iron intake in relation to glioma risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833843/is-frequency-of-fast-food-and-sit-down-restaurant-eating-occasions-differentially-associated-with-less-healthful-eating-habits
#6
Michael A Close, Leslie A Lytle, Anthony J Viera
Studies have shown that frequency of fast food restaurant eating and sit-down restaurant eating is differentially associated with nutrient intakes and biometric outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine whether frequency of fast food and sit-down restaurant eating occasions was differentially associated with less healthful eating habits, independent of demographic characteristics. Data were collected from participants in 2015 enrolled in a worksite nutrition intervention trial (n = 388) in North Carolina who completed self-administered questionnaires at baseline...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805542/association-between-predominantly-plant-based-diets-and-iron-status-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#7
Jingjing He, Xin Shen, Aiping Fang, Jie Song, He Li, Meihan Guo, Keji Li
Current evidence of the relationship between diets and Fe status is mostly derived from studies in developed countries with Western diets, which may not be translatable to Chinese with a predominantly plant-based diet. We extracted data that were nationally sampled from the 2009 wave of China Health and Nutrition Survey; dietary information was collected using 24-h recalls combined with a food inventory for 3 consecutive days. Blood samples were collected to quantify Fe status, and log-ferritin, transferrin receptor and Hb were used as Fe status indicators...
November 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754267/sy-16-1-dietary-approaches-to-prevent-and-control-elevated-blood-pressure
#8
Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744145/iron-in-red-meat-friend-or-foe
#9
REVIEW
Małgorzata Czerwonka, Andrzej Tokarz
In developed countries, due to high content and bioavailability, red and processed meats are the main sources of iron in the diet. Adequate intake of this nutrient is essential for the proper development and functioning of the human body, and its deficiencies are associated mainly with the occurrence of anemia, which is one of the most widespread nutritional problems in the world. However, excessive intake of iron can be detrimental to health. Studies have shown that high consumption of red meat and its products, and thereby iron, particularly in the form of heme, increases the risk of non-communicable diseases, including cancers, type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
January 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731529/dietary-intake-in-people-consuming-a-reduced-carbohydrate-diet-in-the-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey
#10
N Guess
BACKGROUND: Diets reduced or low in carbohydrates are becoming increasingly popular. The replacement foods and their accompanying nutrients determine the health effects of such diets. However, little is known about the dietary intake of people consuming reduced or low carbohydrate diets. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the dietary and nutrient intake of individuals aged 16-75 years consuming less than 40% of energy from carbohydrate (n = 430) was compared with individuals consuming equal to or more than 40% energy from carbohydrate (n = 1833) using the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711901/goat-sausages-containing-chitosan-towards-a-healthier-product-microbiological-physico-chemical-textural-evaluation
#11
Deborah S do Amaral, Alejandra Cardelle-Cobas, Bárbara M S do Nascimento, Marta S Madruga, Maria Manuela E Pintado
Goat meat is extensively known for its interesting nutritional value and for being an important source of protein with high quality. Its food derivatives are, therefore, a good alternative to develop new products addressed to health conscious consumers. In this work, a healthier goat product, namely, a low fat fresh sausage, was produced with the objective of evaluating the effect of inclusion of chitosan on quality, stability and shelf life. Sausages containing 2% chitosan were formulated with different fat levels (5%, 12...
September 14, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683873/maternal-dietary-patterns-during-pregnancy-are-associated-with-child-growth-in-the-first-3-years-of-life
#12
Chantel L Martin, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Whitney R Robinson, Julie L Daniels, Eliana M Perrin, Alison M Stuebe
BACKGROUND: Child obesity is a major problem in the United States. Identifying early-life risk factors is necessary for prevention. Maternal diet during pregnancy is a primary source of fetal energy and might influence risk of child obesity. OBJECTIVE: We prospectively investigated the influence of maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy on child growth in the first 3 y of life in 389 mother-child pairs from the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition study. METHODS: Dietary patterns were derived with the use of latent class analysis (LCA) based on maternal diet, collected with the use of a food-frequency questionnaire at 26-29 wk gestation...
November 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677363/sociodemographic-disparity-in-the-diet-quality-transition-among-chinese-adults-from-1991-to-2011
#13
Z Wang, P Gordon-Larsen, A M Siega-Riz, J Cai, H Wang, L S Adair, B M Popkin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study investigates secular trends in diet quality distribution and related socioeconomic disparity from 1991 to 2011 in the Chinese adult population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The analysis uses the 1991-2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey data on 13 853 participants (6876 men and 6977 women) aged 18-65 with 56 319 responses. Dietary assessment was carried out over a 3-day period with 24-h recalls combined with a household food inventory...
September 28, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667716/the-climatic-impact-of-food-consumption-in-a-representative-sample-of-irish-adults-and-implications-for-food-and-nutrition-policy
#14
John J Hyland, Maeve Henchion, Mary McCarthy, Sinéad N McCarthy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE) associated with the diet of Irish adults. DESIGN: GHGE were estimated by applying conversion factors to habitual food consumption data taken from the National Adult Nutrition Survey, which was representative of the population. Descriptive analyses were undertaken for GHGE for the total population, as well as accounting for energy misreporting and across categories of sociodemographic and socio-economic factors and tertiles of emissions...
September 26, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644127/pre-and-postdiagnostic-diet-in-relation-to-mortality-among-breast-cancer-survivors-in-the-cps-ii-nutrition-cohort
#15
Marjorie L McCullough, Susan M Gapstur, Roma Shah, Peter T Campbell, Ying Wang, Colleen Doyle, Mia M Gaudet
PURPOSE: Due to the limited evidence on the role of diet and cause-specific mortality among breast cancer survivors, current nutrition guidelines for this population are consistent with those for cancer prevention. We evaluated whether diets consistent with the American Cancer Society recommendations for cancer prevention were associated with risk of death in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Participants reported information on diet and other factors at baseline in 1992-1993 and twice during follow-up...
September 19, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643264/sy-16-1-dietary-approaches-to-prevent-and-control-elevated-blood-pressure
#16
Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641779/contemporary-issues-regarding-nutrition-in-cardiovascular-rehabilitation
#17
Sébastien Lacroix, Jennifer Cantin, Anil Nigam
In this article, we discuss certain contemporary and controversial topics in cardiovascular (CV) nutrition including recent data regarding the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet, the role of saturated fatty acids, red meat and the microbiome in CV disease and the current role of personalized CV nutrition. Findings from the PREDIMED study now demonstrate the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet even in the absence of heart disease. The study highlighted that even small, sustained and easily implementable changes to diet can provide significant health benefits even in Mediterranean regions...
September 15, 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557554/school-lunches-in-the-republic-of-ireland-a-comparison-of-the-nutritional-quality-of-adolescents-lunches-sourced-from-home-or-purchased-at-school-or-out-at-local-food-outlets
#18
Sarah Browne, Anthony Staines, Carol Barron, Veronica Lambert, Davide Susta, Mary Rose Sweeney
OBJECTIVE: To compare the energy, nutrient and food group compositions of three sources of school-day lunches among students in five secondary schools in the Republic of Ireland (ROI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted between October 2012 and March 2013. Students completed self-report food diaries over two school days. The energy, nutrient, nutrient density and food group composition of school-day lunches from home, school and 'out' in local food outlets were compared using ANCOVA and Tukey's Honest Significant Difference post hoc analysis...
August 25, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539277/nutritional-status-and-diet-in-cancer-prevention
#19
REVIEW
Jennifer Bail, Karen Meneses, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
OBJECTIVES: To discuss the relationship between weight management and diet and cancer prevention, current nutritional guidelines, and evidence-based strategies to reduce cancer risk. DATA SOURCES: Current nutritional guidelines, journal articles published between 2012 and 2015, and internet resources. CONCLUSION: Evidence indicates that attaining and/or maintaining a healthy weight and adopting a diet that is primarily plant-based, low in red and processed meats, simple sugars, and refined carbohydrates, limits alcohol, and relies on food for nutrients can aid in preventing cancer...
August 2016: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501232/quality-effects-of-using-organogels-in-breakfast-sausage
#20
S Barbut, J Wood, A Marangoni
Organogels made with canola oil, ethyl cellulose (EC; 8, 10, 12 and 14%), and sorbitan monostearate (SMS; 1.5, 3.0%) were used to replace pork fat in breakfast sausages. Some of the formulations with SMS matched the objective hardness (texture analyzer) of the pork fat control; however, sensory hardness was not so easily matched. Using canola oil by itself resulted in lower objective and subjective hardness values than the control. Sensory cohesiveness was not affected by the replacements, but springiness was lower in the treatments without SMS and some of the high EC treatments with SMS...
December 2016: Meat Science
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