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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134675/analytical-approach-dissipation-pattern-and-risk-assessment-of-pesticide-residue-in-green-leafy-vegetables-a-comprehensive-review
#1
REVIEW
Waziha Farha, A M Abd El-Aty, Md Musfiqur Rahman, Ji Hoon Jeong, Ho-Chul Shin, Jing Wang, Sung Shik Shin, Jae-Han Shim
The category of "leafy vegetables" comprises a wide range of plants, including cabbage, lettuce, leeks, spinach, Swiss chard, and kale, and it forms a significant component of the human diet. Typically, leafy vegetables are low in calories and fat, are great sources of vitamins, protein, dietary fibre, minerals (including iron, calcium, and nitrates), and are rich in phytochemicals. To counter the impact of pests on vegetables, a broad variety of pesticides is used. Because of their large surface areas, leafy vegetables are expected to have high residual pesticide levels...
November 14, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106298/phenotypic-and-molecular-characterization-of-salmonella-enteritidis-se86-isolated-from-poultry-and-salmonellosis-outbreaks
#2
Karen Apellanis Borges, Thales Quedi Furian, Sara Neves de Souza, Rafaela Menezes, Carlos Tadeu Pippi Salle, Hamilton Luiz de Souza Moraes, Eduardo César Tondo, Vladimir Pinheiro do Nascimento
Salmonella Enteritidis remains a standout among the leading causes of foodborne diseases worldwide. Previous studies have demonstrated that a unique clonal group of Salmonella Enteritidis, named SE86, is involved in foodborne outbreaks in southern Brazil and is frequently identified among strains isolated from poultry. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of the isolation source (food products involved in salmonellosis outbreaks and poultry sources) on the phenotypic and molecular characteristics of Salmonella Enteritidis SE86...
November 6, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098587/water-quality-and-resource-management-in-the-dairy-industry
#3
Joanna Boguniewicz-Zablocka, Iwona Klosok-Bazan, Vincenzo Naddeo
Food industry is one of the most important and fastest growing sectors of economy in Poland. This sector is also characterized by high demand for the resources, particularly for water. Polish food industrial plants consumed 793 hm(3) of water in 2014. Dairy branch had a combined 35% share of the above consumption. As shown by the data obtained from the Polish Central Statistical Office, the majority of dairy plants use its own source of water, so this branch is also important water producer in Poland. Water used for dairy industry should meet the requirements of at least drinking water quality, so the factories need to treat the water...
November 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093728/qtl-mapping-of-grain-zn-and-fe-concentrations-in-two-hexaploid-wheat-ril-populations-with-ample-transgressive-segregation
#4
Leonardo A Crespo-Herrera, Velu Govindan, James Stangoulis, Yuanfeng Hao, Ravi P Singh
More than 50% of undernourished children live in Asia and more than 25% live in Africa. Coupled with an inadequate food supply, mineral deficiencies are widespread in these populations; particularly zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) deficiencies that lead to retarded growth, adverse effects on both the immune system and an individual's cognitive abilities. Biofortification is one solution aimed at reducing the incidence of these deficiencies. To efficiently breed a biofortified wheat variety, it is important to generate knowledge of the genomic regions associated with grain Zn (GZn) and Fe (GFe) concentration...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062189/zoo-agent-s-measure-in-applying-the-five-freedoms-principles-for-animal-welfare
#5
Argyo Demartoto, Robertus Bellarminus Soemanto, Siti Zunariyah
BACKGROUND: Animal welfare should be prioritized not only for the animal's life sustainability but also for supporting the sustainability of living organism's life on the earth. However, Indonesian people have not understood it yet, thereby still treating animals arbitrarily and not appreciating either domesticated or wild animals. AIM: This research aimed to analyze the zoo agent's action in applying the five freedoms principle for animal welfare in Taman Satwa Taru Jurug (thereafter called TSTJ) or Surakarta Zoo and Gembira Loka Zoo (GLZ) of Yogyakarta Indonesia using Giddens structuration theory...
September 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057716/safety-assessment-on-microbial-and-heavy-metal-concentration-in-clarias-gariepinus-african-catfish-cultured-in-treated-wastewater-pond-in-kumasi-ghana
#6
Yeboah-Agyepong Mark, Amoah Philip, Agbo W Nelson, Ashley Muspratt, Samuel Aikins
This study assesses the microbial and heavy metal distribution in African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) cultured in waste stabilization pond, and their subsequent suitability for human consumption. Treated wastewater-fed pond (WFP) was used in the culture of the fish with a non-wastewater fed pond (NWFP), fed with ground and rain water as control. Pond water, sediments and fish tissue (gill, liver, gut and skin) samples from both sources were analyzed for pathogens and heavy metal levels. Escherichia coli populations in the sediments and water from the WFP exceeded the maximum permissible limit by 2-3 log units as expected...
October 23, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987361/comparative-effect-of-horse-gram-and-black-gram-on-inflammatory-mediators-and-antioxidant-status
#7
Vrinda Rajagopal, Chithra K Pushpan, Helen Antony
A balanced diet is important for the overall wellbeing of an individual. Pulses are an important part of a nutritive diet. Pulses have been consumed for at least 10,000 years and are among the most extensively used foods in the world. They are a rich source of protein and fiber, as well as a significant source of vitamins and minerals, such as iron, zinc, and magnesium. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two pulses, horse gram and black gram, on inflammatory mediators and the antioxidant enzymes...
October 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985356/multiple-hybrid-de-novo-genome-assembly-of-finger-millet-an-orphan-allotetraploid-crop
#8
Masaomi Hatakeyama, Sirisha Aluri, Mathi Thumilan Balachadran, Sajeevan Radha Sivarajan, Andrea Patrignani, Simon Grüter, Lucy Poveda, Rie Shimizu-Inatsugi, John Baeten, Kees-Jan Francoijs, Karaba N Nataraja, Yellodu A Nanja Reddy, Shamprasad Phadnis, Ramapura L Ravikumar, Ralph Schlapbach, Sheshshayee M Sreeman, Kentaro K Shimizu
Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn) is an important crop for food security because of its tolerance to drought, which is expected to be exacerbated by global climate changes. Nevertheless, it is often classified as an orphan/underutilized crop because of the paucity of scientific attention. Among several small millets, finger millet is considered as an excellent source of essential nutrient elements, such as iron and zinc; hence, it has potential as an alternate coarse cereal. However, high-quality genome sequence data of finger millet are currently not available...
September 5, 2017: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926949/influence-of-freeze-drying-and-oven-drying-post-blanching-on-the-nutrient-composition-of-the-edible-insect-ruspolia-differens
#9
Forkwa Tengweh Fombong, Mik Van Der Borght, Jozef Vanden Broeck
The longhorn grasshopper, Ruspolia differens (Serville), plays an important role as a food source across Sub-Saharan Africa, where it is consumed as a delicacy in both rural and urban areas. The effect of two drying methods (freeze-drying and oven-drying), employed after blanching, on the proximate, fatty acid and mineral composition of the two most common morphs was determined. Ruspolia differens grasshoppers were harvested in Uganda and Kenya from wild swarms during the rainy periods of November-December 2016...
September 16, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924423/vegan-diets-practical-advice-for-athletes-and-exercisers
#10
REVIEW
David Rogerson
With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916568/perspective-the-paradox-in-dietary-advanced-glycation-end-products-research-the-source-of-the-serum-and-urinary-advanced-glycation-end-products-is-the-intestines-not-the-food
#11
Luanne R DeChristopher
Inconsistent research results have impeded our understanding of the degree to which dietary advanced glycation end products (dAGEs) contribute to chronic disease. Early research suggested that Western-style fast foods, including grilled and broiled meats and French fries, contain high levels of proinflammatory advanced glycation end products (AGEs). However, recent studies with state-of-the-art ultraperformance LC-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) found that there is no evidence that these foods have elevated levels of dAGEs relative to other foods...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906436/development-and-evaluation-of-a-manganese-and-iron-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-pediatrics
#12
Frida B Zipkin, Grace A Falciglia, Pierce Kuhnell, Erin N Haynes
Manganese (Mn) is an essential nutrient, but overexposure can lead to neurotoxicity. Given the essentiality of Mn in the diet, particularly during children's growth and development, it is imperative to quantify dietary Mn intake in populations that may be exposed to industrial sources of Mn. Dietary absorption of Mn is inversely associated with iron (Fe) stores, yet there is currently no food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess dietary Mn and Fe intake. The study objective was to develop and evaluate the validity of a FFQ to measure dietary Mn and Fe intake in pediatrics by comparing the estimated intakes of Mn and Fe with biomarkers: Mn in blood and hair and Fe in serum...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873098/the-impact-of-using-chickpea-flour-and-dried-carp-fish-powder-on-pizza-quality
#13
Hossam S El-Beltagi, Naglaa A El-Senousi, Zeinab A Ali, Azza A Omran
Pizza being the most popular food worldwide, quality and sensory appeal are important considerations during its modification effort. This study was aimed to evaluate the quality of pizza made using two different sources of proteins, chickpea (Cicer arietinum) flour and dried carp fish powder (Cyprinus carpio). Analysis indicated nutrients richness specificity of chickpea flour (higher fiber, energy, iron, zinc, linoleic acid and total nonessential amino acids) and dried carp fish powder (higher contents of protein, fats, ash, oleic acid and total essential amino acids) complementing wheat flour to enhance nutritional value of pizza...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853950/health-halo-effects-from-product-titles-and-nutrient-content-claims-in-the-context-of-protein-bars
#14
Catherine Fernan, Jonathon P Schuldt, Jeff Niederdeppe
Research on front-of-package (FOP) labeling demonstrates that nutrient content claims (e.g., "low fat") can lead consumers to perceive foods as healthier in general-effects that have been interpreted using halo effect theories of impression formation. Extending this work, the present study investigates whether these effects may depend on whether nutrient information comes in the form of a nutrient content claim ("good source of protein") or embedded within the product title itself ("protein" bar)-an important question given the popularity of energy/nutrition bars and ongoing policy debates over food-labeling regulation...
August 30, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812189/nutrient-intake-of-swiss-toddlers
#15
Thomas A Brunner, Luca Casetti, Petra Haueter, Pascal Müller, Andreas Nydegger, Johannes Spalinger
PURPOSE: During the first years of life, food preferences are shaped that might last throughout a person's entire life affecting his/her health in the long term. However, knowledge on early feeding habits is still limited for toddlers. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to: (1) assess toddlers' nutrient intake; (2) compare the findings to past studies as well as to national feeding recommendations and (3) identify major food sources for energy and macronutrients. METHODS: A food survey using a 4-day diary was conducted...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805734/grain-foods-are-contributors-of-nutrient-density-for-american-adults-and-help-close-nutrient-recommendation-gaps-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2012
#16
Yanni Papanikolaou, Victor L Fulgoni
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2015-2020 DGA) maintains recommendations for increased consumption of whole grains while limiting intake of enriched/refined grains. A variety of enriched grains are sources of several shortfall nutrients identified by 2015-2020 DGA, including dietary fiber, folate, iron, and magnesium. The purpose of this study was to determine food sources of energy and nutrients for free-living U.S. adults using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012...
August 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768482/comparative-genomic-analysis-and-characterization-of-incompatibility-group-fib-plasmid-encoded-virulence-factors-of-salmonella-enterica-isolated-from-food-sources
#17
Bijay K Khajanchi, Nur A Hasan, Seon Young Choi, Jing Han, Shaohua Zhao, Rita R Colwell, Carl E Cerniglia, Steven L Foley
BACKGROUND: The degree to which the chromosomal mediated iron acquisition system contributes to virulence of many bacterial pathogens is well defined. However, the functional roles of plasmid encoded iron acquisition systems, specifically Sit and aerobactin, have yet to be determined for Salmonella spp. In a recent study, Salmonella enterica strains isolated from different food sources were sequenced on the Illumina MiSeq platform and found to harbor the incompatibility group (Inc) FIB plasmid...
August 2, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760418/energy-and-nutrient-intake-of-infants-and-young-children-in-pastoralist-communities-of-ethiopia
#18
Girma Mengistu, Tibebu Moges, Aregash Samuel, Kaleab Baye
OBJECTIVE: Nutrient intake from complementary foods often is suboptimal in subsistent farming households of developing countries, but little is known about this in pastoralist communities. The aim of this study was to estimate the energy and nutrient intake of children ages 6 to 23 mo living in pastoralist communities of Ethiopia. METHOD: As part of the Ethiopian National Food Consumption Survey, 24-h dietary recall data were collected through in-home interviews from a nationally representative sample...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758252/lunch-time-food-source-is-associated-with-school-hour-and-school-day-diet-quality-among-canadian-children
#19
C N Tugault-Lafleur, J L Black, S I Barr
BACKGROUND: There is limited research on the dietary behaviours of Canadian children at school, including where students obtain food from during school hours or whether lunch-time food source influences diet quality. METHODS: Nationally representative cross-sectional data from 24-h dietary recalls were analysed from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey (n = 4589). Dietary outcomes included school hour and school day dietary intakes and School Healthy Eating Index (S-HEI) scores...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673301/effects-of-deployment-on-diet-quality-and-nutritional-status-markers-of-elite-u-s-army-special-operations-forces-soldiers
#20
Emily K Farina, Jonathan C Taylor, Gary E Means, Nancy E Murphy, Stefan M Pasiakos, Harris R Lieberman, James P McClung
BACKGROUND: Special Operations Forces (SOF) Soldiers deploy frequently and require high levels of physical and cognitive performance. Nutritional status is linked to cognitive and physical performance. Studies evaluating dietary intake and nutritional status in deployed environments are lacking. Therefore, this study assessed the effects of combat deployment on diet quality and serum concentrations of nutritional status markers, including iron, vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), glucose, and lipids, among elite United States (U...
July 3, 2017: Nutrition Journal
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