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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911483/effects-of-dietary-heme-iron-and-exercise-training-on-abdominal-fat-accumulation-and-lipid-metabolism-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#1
Masanori Katsumura, Shoko Takagi, Hana Oya, Shohei Tamura, Takaoki Saneyasu, Kazuhisa Honda, Hiroshi Kamisoyama
Animal by-products can be recycled and used as sources of essential nutrients. Water-soluble heme iron (WSHI), a functional food additive for supplementing iron, is produced by processing animal blood. In this study, we investigated the effects of dietary supplementation of 3% WSHI and exercise training for 4 weeks on the accumulation of abdominal fat and lipid metabolism in mice fed high-fat diet. Exercise-trained mice had significantly less perirenal adipose tissue, whereas WSHI-fed mice tended to have less epididymal adipose tissue...
December 2, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905924/current-knowledge-and-perspectives-of-paenibacillus-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Elliot Nicholas Grady, Jacqueline MacDonald, Linda Liu, Alex Richman, Ze-Chun Yuan
Isolated from a wide range of sources, the genus Paenibacillus comprises bacterial species relevant to humans, animals, plants, and the environment. Many Paenibacillus species can promote crop growth directly via biological nitrogen fixation, phosphate solubilization, production of the phytohormone indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), and release of siderophores that enable iron acquisition. They can also offer protection against insect herbivores and phytopathogens, including bacteria, fungi, nematodes, and viruses...
December 1, 2016: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898998/nutritional-supplementation-for-hip-fracture-aftercare-in-older-people
#3
REVIEW
Alison Avenell, Toby O Smith, James P Curtain, Jenson Cs Mak, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Older people with hip fractures are often malnourished at the time of fracture, and subsequently have poor food intake. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects (benefits and harms) of nutritional interventions in older people recovering from hip fracture. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, trial registers and reference lists...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867449/exploring-the-potential-of-indigenous-foods-to-address-hidden-hunger-nutritive-value-of-indigenous-foods-of-santhal-tribal-community-of-jharkhand-india
#4
Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Archna Singh, Melina S Magsumbol, Preeti Kamboj, Gail Goldberg
Traditional foods of indigenous communities can be explored as a sustainable means of addressing undernutrition. Our study aimed at identifying indigenous foods of the Santhal tribal community of Godda district of Jharkhand, India, assessing their nutritive value, and appraising their potential role in addressing hidden hunger. A cross-sectional survey using qualitative methods like focus group discussions with women of childbearing age (15-49 years), adult males, and elderly people was conducted for food identification...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849252/profiling-of-antioxidant-potential-and-phytoconstituents-of-plantago-coronopus
#5
C G Pereira, L Custódio, M J Rodrigues, N R Neng, J M F Nogueira, J Carlier, M C Costa, J Varela, L Barreira
The halophyte species Plantago coronopus has several described ethnomedicinal uses, but few reported biological activities. This work carried out for the first time a comparative analysis of P. coronopus organs in terms of phenolic composition and antioxidant activity of organic and water extracts from roots, leaves and flowers. The leaves contents in selected nutrients, namely amino acids and minerals, are also described. Roots (ethyl acetate and methanol extracts) had the highest radical scavenging activity (RSA) towards 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radicals, while leaves (hexane extract) had higher RSA on nitric oxide radical and iron chelating ability...
November 16, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814772/-manganese-induced-neurotoxicity-a-review-of-its-behavioral-consequences-and-neuroprotective-strategies
#6
REVIEW
Tanara V Peres, Maria Rosa C Schettinger, Pan Chen, Fabiano Carvalho, Daiana S Avila, Aaron B Bowman, Michael Aschner
Manganese (Mn) is an essential heavy metal. However, Mn's nutritional aspects are paralleled by its role as a neurotoxicant upon excessive exposure. In this review, we covered recent advances in identifying mechanisms of Mn uptake and its molecular actions in the brain as well as promising neuroprotective strategies. The authors focused on reporting findings regarding Mn transport mechanisms, Mn effects on cholinergic system, behavioral alterations induced by Mn exposure and studies of neuroprotective strategies against Mn intoxication...
November 4, 2016: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778338/preliminary-investigation-of-mineral-content-of-pollen-collected-from-different-serbian-maize-hybrids-is-there-any-potential-nutritional-value
#7
Aleksandar Ž Kostić, Lazar M Kaluđerović, Biljana P Dojčinović, Miroljub B Barać, Vojka B Babić, Marina P Mačukanović-Jocić
BACKGROUND: Bee pollen has already proved to be a good supplement rich in content of iron and zinc. Studies about application of flower pollen in food industry and medicine have been started. Bearing in mind prevalence of maize as crop culture its pollen will be easily available. The mineral composition of pollen of seven Serbian maize hybrids was analyzed in order to establish its nutritional value and benefits of its implementation in the human diet using ICP method. RESULTS: Presence of twenty four different macro- (nine) and micronutrients (fifteen) was detected...
October 24, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755646/hydroxyurea-for-reducing-blood-transfusion-in-non-transfusion-dependent-beta-thalassaemias
#8
REVIEW
Wai Cheng Foong, Jacqueline J Ho, C Khai Loh, Vip Viprakasit
BACKGROUND: Non-transfusion dependent beta thalassaemia is a subset of inherited haemoglobin disorders characterised by reduced production of the beta globin chain of the haemoglobin molecule leading to anaemia of varying severity. Although blood transfusion is not a necessity for survival, it is required when episodes of chronic anaemia occur. This chronic anaemia can impair growth and affect quality of life. People with non-transfusion dependent beta thalassaemia suffer from iron overload due to their body's increased capability of absorbing iron from food sources...
October 18, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702428/food-sources-of-energy-and-nutrients-in-finnish-girls-and-boys-6-8-years-of-age-the-panic-study
#9
Aino-Maija Eloranta, Taisa Venäläinen, Sonja Soininen, Henna Jalkanen, Sanna Kiiskinen, Ursula Schwab, Timo A Lakka, Virpi Lindi
BACKGROUND: Data on food sources of nutrients are needed to improve strategies to enhance nutrient intake among girls and boys in Western countries. OBJECTIVE: To identify major food sources of energy, energy nutrients, dietary fibre, and micronutrients, and to study gender differences in these food sources among children. DESIGN: We assessed food consumption and nutrient intake using 4-day food records in a population sample of Finnish girls (n=213) and boys (n=217) aged 6-8 years from the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children Study...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693923/potential-health-risk-assessment-of-potato-solanum-tuberosum-l-grown-on-metal-contaminated-soils-in-the-central-zone-of-punjab-pakistan
#10
Zafar Iqbal Khan, Kafeel Ahmad, Sumaira Yasmeen, Nudrat Aisha Akram, Muhammad Ashraf, Naunain Mehmood
Metal buildup was estimated in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), grown in central Punjab, Pakistan. This crop was irrigated with multiple water sources like ground, sewage and canal water. Concentrations of different metals like zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), molybdenum (Mo), copper (Cu), and selenium (Se) were assessed in the potato crop irrigated with different types of waters. Sewage water treated crop and soil had higher metal concentrations than those treated with other two treatments...
January 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690092/food-and-nutrient-intake-among-12-month-old-norwegian-somali-and-norwegian-iraqi-infants
#11
Navnit Kaur Grewal, Lene Frost Andersen, Cathrine Solheim Kolve, Ingrid Kverndalen, Liv Elin Torheim
The aim of the present paper was to describe food and nutrient intake among 12-month-old Norwegian-Somali and Norwegian-Iraqi infants, with a focus on iron and vitamin D intake. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from August 2013 through September 2014. Eighty-nine mothers/infants of Somali origin and 77 mothers/infants of Iraqi origin residing in Eastern Norway participated in the study. Data were collected using two 24-h multiple-pass recalls. Forty percent of the Norwegian-Somali infants and 47% of the Norwegian-Iraqi infants were breastfed at 12 months of age (p = 0...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672507/canopy-position-has-a-profound-effect-on-soybean-seed-composition
#12
Steven C Huber, Kunzhi Li, Randall Nelson, Alexander Ulanov, Catherine M DeMuro, Ivan Baxter
Although soybean seeds appear homogeneous, their composition (protein, oil and mineral concentrations) can vary significantly with the canopy position where they were produced. In studies with 10 cultivars grown over a 3-yr period, we found that seeds produced at the top of the canopy have higher concentrations of protein but less oil and lower concentrations of minerals such as Mg, Fe, and Cu compared to seeds produced at the bottom of the canopy. Among cultivars, mean protein concentration (average of different positions) correlated positively with mean concentrations of S, Zn and Fe, but not other minerals...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629049/usual-nutrient-intakes-of-us-infants-and-toddlers-generally-meet-or-exceed-dietary-reference-intakes-findings-from-nhanes-2009-2012
#13
Namanjeet Ahluwalia, Kirsten A Herrick, Lauren M Rossen, Donna Rhodes, Brian Kit, Alanna Moshfegh, Kevin W Dodd
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, few studies have described the usual nutrient intakes of US children aged <2 y or assessed the nutrient adequacy of their diets relative to the recommended Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs). OBJECTIVE: We estimated the usual nutrient intake of US children aged 6-23 mo examined in NHANES 2009-2012 and compared them to age-specific DRIs as applicable. DESIGN: Dietary intake was assessed with two 24-h recalls for infants aged 6-11 mo (n = 381) and toddlers aged 12-23 mo (n = 516) with the use of the USDA's Automated Multiple-Pass Method...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598194/hepcidin-is-a-better-predictor-of-iron-stores-in-premenopausal-women-than-blood-loss-or-dietary-intake
#14
Karen H C Lim, Alison O Booth, Caryl A Nowson, Ewa A Szymlek-Gay, David O Irving, Lynn J Riddell
The relationship between dietary intake, circulating hepcidin and iron status in free-living premenopausal women has not been explored. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify dietary determinants of iron stores after accounting for blood loss and to determine whether iron intake predicts iron stores independently of hepcidin in a sample of Australian women. Three hundred thirty eight women aged 18-50 years were recruited. Total intake and food sources of iron were determined via food frequency questionnaire; the magnitude of menstrual losses was estimated by self-report; and blood donation volume was quantified using blood donation records and self-reported donation frequency...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590204/vegetable-consumption-and-selected-nutrient-intakes-of-women-of-childbearing-age
#15
Maureen L Storey, Patricia A Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To examine intake of selected nutrients and vegetable consumption of women of childbearing age (WCBA) from 19-50 years of age, across race/ethnicities, and annual household incomes. DESIGN: Dietary data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2012 and the Food Pattern Equivalents Database 2009-2012. PARTICIPANTS: The study sample included 3,058 WCBA who were non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB), Mexican American (MA), and of other races/ethnicities (ORE) with annual household incomes of < $25,000, $25,000-75,000 or > $75,000...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581574/micronutrient-adequacy-and-dietary-diversity-exert-positive-and-distinct-effects-on-linear-growth-in-urban-zambian-infants
#16
Simonette R Mallard, Lisa A Houghton, Suzanne Filteau, Molly Chisenga, Joshua Siame, Lackson Kasonka, Anne Mullen, Rosalind S Gibson
BACKGROUND: In the monitoring of infant and young child feeding, dietary diversity is used as an indicator of micronutrient adequacy; however, their relation may have weakened with the increasing use of fortified complementary foods. OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to assess the relation between dietary diversity and micronutrient adequacy in an urban infant population with a high consumption of fortified foods and to investigate whether dietary diversity and micronutrient adequacy were independently associated with subsequent growth...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571101/dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-pre-adolescent-and-adolescent-canadian-athletes
#17
Jill A Parnell, Kristin P Wiens, Kelly A Erdman
Young athletes experience numerous dietary challenges including growth, training/competition, unhealthy food environments, and travel. The objective was to determine nutrient intakes and supplement use in pre-adolescent and adolescent Canadian athletes. Athletes (n = 187) aged 11-18 years completed an on-line 24-h food recall and dietary supplement questionnaire. Median energy intake (interquartile range) varied from 2159 kcal/day (1717-2437) in 11-13 years old females to 2905 kcal/day (2291-3483) in 14-18 years old males...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516650/a-comparative-study-of-allium-hirtifolium-in-traditional-and-modern-medicine
#18
Laleh Zaheri Abdehvand, Samaneh Soleymani
BACKGROUND: Shallots (wild garlic/Osghordion) with the scientific name of Allium hertifolium, is one of the most famous plants from the Alliaceae family. For a long time, shallots have been used as a source of food and medicine in Iran. The active ingredients of the plant could be referred to agapentagenin, allicin, omega-3, omega-6, and minerals such as potassium, sodium, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and manganese. This study was conducted to compare shallots in the traditional and modern medicine in order to make a better use of this precious plant...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511939/overview-of-the-dietary-intakes-of-the-mexican-population-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-2012
#19
REVIEW
Juan A Rivera, Lilia S Pedraza, Tania C Aburto, Carolina Batis, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Teresita González de Cosío, Nancy López-Olmedo, Andrea Pedroza-Tobías
BACKGROUND: Mexico is facing the double burden of malnutrition: stunting and micronutrient deficiencies in young children, iron deficiency in pregnant women, and widespread obesity across age groups. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to summarize and discuss findings published in this supplement on dietary intakes and the eating habits of the Mexican population. METHODS: A 24-h recall questionnaire that used the multiple-pass method with a repeated measure in a fraction of the sample was applied in a nationally representative sample...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507630/current-knowledge-on-genetic-biofortification-in-lentil
#20
Jitendra Kumar, Debjyoti Sen Gupta, Shiv Kumar, Sanjeev Gupta, Narendra Pratap Singh
Micronutrient deficiency in the human body, popularly known as "hidden hunger", causes many health problems. It presently affects >2 billion people worldwide, especially in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Biofortification of food crop varieties is one way to combat the problem of hidden hunger using conventional plant breeding and transgenic methods. Lentils are rich sources of protein, micronutrients, and vitamins including iron, zinc, selenium, folates, and carotenoids. Lentil genetic resources including germplasm and wild species showed genetic variability for these traits...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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