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Mark Hepokoski, Samir S Makani, Andrew D Lerner, Laura E Crotty Alexander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Esther Ern-Hwei Chan, Vishalkumar Girishchandra Shelat
Hydrothorax secondary to a pancreaticopleural fistula (PPF) is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis. In patients with a history of pancreatitis, diagnosis is made by detection of amylase in the pleural exudate. Imaging, particularly magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, aids in the detection of pancreatic ductal disruption. Management includes thoracocentesis and pancreatic duct drainage or pancreatic resection procedures. We present a case of massive right hydrothorax secondary to a PPF due to recurrent acute pancreatitis...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Sophette Gers, Christiaan Potgieter, Isabella Wright, Belinda Peyrot
Bluetongue virus (BTV) was sporadically isolated over a four year period (2010-2014) from several alpaca carcasses that were presented for necropsy at the Western Cape Provincial Veterinary Laboratory, South Africa. Typically, the a ected animals had a history of acute dyspnoea and progressive weakness before death. Consistent hydrothorax and severe lung oedema in all lead to a preliminary diagnosis of Bluetongue, despite the absence of ulceration and hyperaemia of the oral mucosa which is characteristic of this viral infection in sheep...
September 30, 2016: Veterinaria Italiana
Xuejuan Dong, Xin Li, Jie Yu, Ming-An Yu, Xiaoling Yu, Ping Liang
PURPOSE: To retrospectively review the complications of ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) of renal cell carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, 101 patients with 105 tumors seen from April 2006 to Feb 2014 were enrolled retrospectively. The patients were treated with US-guided percutaneous MWA and were followed up with contrast-enhanced US and computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging at 1, 3, and 6 months and every 6 months thereafter...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
L-L Sun, Y-H Li, F Chen, S Wang, H Shi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the correlation between liver ultrasonic quantitative detection indexes of patients with chronic hepatitis B and cirrhosis and hepatic hydrothorax. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We selected 56 cases of patients with chronic hepatitis B and cirrhosis combined with hepatic hydrothorax in our hospital from March 2013 to March 2015. Also, we selected 63 cases of patients with cirrhosis without hepatic hydrothorax at the same time...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
F Suyama, K Ozawa, R Sugibayashi, S Wada, H Sago
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
H Sago, Y Yumoto, S Jwa, S Wada, Y Takahashi, K Ishii, N Usui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Andrzej Ratajczak, MaƂgorzata Lange-Ratajczak, Adam Bobkiewicz, Adam Studniarek
This report reviews the most common surgical interventions and complications of chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Based on the current knowledge as well as our experience we detail the role of these surgical procedures. We supplement the reported knowledge in the field with our own experience in this area. The areas discussed include early complications such as surgical wound hemorrhage, bleeding from the catheter, intestinal perforation and urinary bladder perforation, dialysate leakage through the wound, as well as late complications including catheter kinking or occlusion, retention of fluid in the peritoneal recess, hernias and hydrothorax, and encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis...
September 6, 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
Rana Khazar Al-Zoubi, Mouhanna Abu Ghanimeh, Ashraf Gohar, Gary A Salzman, Osama Yousef
Hepatic Hydrothorax (HH) is defined as a pleural effusion greater than 500 ml in association with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. It is an uncommon complication of cirrhosis, most frequently seen in association with decompensated liver disease. The development of HH remains incompletely understood and involves a complex pathophysiological process with the most acceptable explanation being the passage of the ascetic fluid through small diaphragmatic defects. Given the limited capacity of the pleural space, even the modest pleural effusion can result in significant respiratory symptoms...
August 31, 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Aibek E Mirrakhimov, Taha Ayach, Adam Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Alexander C Chen, Jeffrey S Crippin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Amanullah Abbasi, Abdul Rabb Bhutto, Mohammad Tanveer Alam, Muhammad Aurangzaib, Mohammad Masroor
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of hepatic hydrothorax and its association with Child Pugh Class in patients with liver cirrhosis. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive, analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Medical Unit-III, (Ward- 7), from June 2012 to May 2013. METHODOLOGY: All patients with established diagnosis of decompensated chronic liver disease were included. Detailed history, thorough physical examination, routine laboratory investigations, chest X-ray and abdominal ultrasound were carried out in all patients to find out the presence of pleural effusion and ascites, respectively...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Lin Wu, Ji Mei Wang, Zhong Wei Qiao, Ying Liu Yan, Lai Shuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Congenital hemangioma of the diaphragm is an extremely rare disease in childhood. METHODS: We report a newborn presenting with progressive respiratory distress and massive right hydrothorax due to congenital diaphragmatic hemangioma, requiring sustained ventilation support and chest drainage. The angiography revealed that the giant diaphragmatic hemangioma was supplied by the right internal thoracic, inferior diaphragmatic, and intercostal arteries. The selective embolization of the main feeding vessels was successfully achieved using the Embosphere particulates...
2015: SAGE Open Med Case Rep
Matthew F Covington, Gagandeep Choudhary, Ryan J Avery, Phillip H Kuo
Ascites can cause pleural effusions when the peritoneal fluid crosses the diaphragm through a pleuroperitoneal shunt in the setting of hepatic cirrhosis (hepatic hydrothorax) or malignant ascites. Scintigraphic imaging for pleuroperitoneal shunt requires intraperitoneal injection of Tc-SC or Tc-macroaggregated albumin followed by planar imaging of the chest and abdomen. Pleuroperitoneal shunt is confirmed by identifying radiotracer crossing the diaphragm from the peritoneal to pleural space. An atlas of pleuroperitoneal shunt imaging pitfalls is presented to facilitate optimal performance and interpretation of nuclear pleuroperitoneal shunt examinations...
November 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Sybrand J Van Sittert, Tessa M Drew, Johannes L Kotze, Tom Strydom, Camilla T Weyer, Alan J Guthrie
This is the first case of African horse sickness (AHS) in a dog where there was no apparent ingestion of horse meat. Significantly, the dog was part of a colony that resides in a Good Clinical Practice and Good Laboratory Practice accredited facility where complete history, weather and feeding records are maintained. The dog died after a week-long illness despite therapy. The principal post-mortem findings were severe hydrothorax and pulmonary consolidation (red hepatisation of the lungs). Histopathology revealed severe oedema and congestion of the lungs, hyaline degeneration of the myocardium and congestion of the liver sinusoids...
2013: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
Salim R Surani, Yamely Mendez, Humayun Anjum, Joseph Varon
Severe chronic liver disease (CLD) may result from portal hypertension, hepatocellular failure or the combination of both. Some of these patients may develop pulmonary complications independent from any pulmonary pathology that they may have. Among them the hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS), portopulmonary hypertension (PPH) and hepatic hydrothorax (HH) are described in detail in this literature review. HPS is encountered in approximately 15% to 30% of the patients and its presence is associated with increase in mortality and also requires liver transplantation in many cases...
July 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
V D Parshin
AIM: to improve the results and current pathogenetic treatment of chylorrhea. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty seven patients with chylothorax have been treated for the period 2004-2014. In 34 cases traumatic chylothorax developed after surgery and in 3 cases - after intensive care for therapeutic diseases and great veins catheterization. Chylothorax was predominantly diagnosed by X-ray method. Herewith, hydrothorax was established and its nature was defined using laboratory survey...
2016: Khirurgiia
Feifei Hou, Xingshun Qi, Xiaozhong Guo
BACKGROUND: Hepatic hydrothorax (HH) is a serious complication of end-stage liver diseases, which is associated with poor survival. There is no consensus regarding the treatment of HH. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of pleurodesis for HH in a systematic review with meta-analysis. METHODS: All relevant papers were searched on the EMBASE and PubMed databases. As for the data from the eligible case reports, the continuous data were expressed as the median (range) and the categorical data were expressed as the frequency (percentage)...
November 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
V E Ivashchenko, I A Kalabukha, E M Mayetnyi
Differentiated tactics of diagnostic videothoracoscopy (VTHS) in a pleural exudate syndrome, which ought to be treated with hydrothorax elimination and artificial pneumothorax creation, was proposed. Further roentgenological investigation permits to create a plan for the operation conduction and a certain anesthesia application. Criteria for the operation planning and the anesthesiological support choice were elaborated. Results of VTHS conduction in 261 patients in Department of Thoracic Surgery were analyzed...
April 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
F Prevot, F Browet, F Mauvais
Pleuroperitoneal communication is an anatomic entity that is typically asymptomatic but sometimes responsible for hydrothorax. This pleural manifestation can be explained by progressive transdiaphragmatic passage of intra-abdominal fluid because of abdominal hyperpressure. The object of this report is to present a hitherto unreported association of concomitant pleural effusion and acute infectious abdominal disease, due to perforated duodenal ulcer. This underscores that pleural effusion associated with acute abdominal pain may reveal the existence of a communication of this type, and requires surgical management...
August 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
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