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cell internalization nanoparticles

Juan L Paris, Miguel Manzano, M Victoria Cabañas, María Vallet-Regí
A novel smart hierarchical ultrasound-responsive mesoporous silica nanocarrier for cancer therapy is presented here. This dynamic nanosystem has been designed to display different surface characteristics during its journey towards tumor cells. Initially, the anticancer-loaded nanocarriers are shielded with a polyethylene glycol layer. Upon exposure to high frequency ultrasound, the polymer shell detaches from the nanoparticles, exposing a positively charged surface. This favors the internalization in human osteosarcoma cells, where the release of topotecan takes place, drastically enhancing the cytotoxic effect...
March 21, 2018: Nanoscale
Maxim Shevtsov, Boris Nikolaev, Yaroslav Marchenko, Ludmila Yakovleva, Nikita Skvortsov, Anton Mazur, Peter Tolstoy, Vyacheslav Ryzhov, Gabriele Multhoff
Background: Glioblastoma is the most devastating primary brain tumor of the central nervous system in adults. Magnetic nanocarriers may help not only for a targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic agents into the tumor site but also provide contrast enhancing properties for diagnostics using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: Synthesized hybrid chitosan-dextran superparamagnetic nanoparticles (CS-DX-SPIONs) were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and relaxometry studies...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Xingxing Shi, Kai Zhou, Fei Huang, Juan Zhang, Chen Wang
Background: As a potentially bioactive material, the widespread application of nanosized hydroxyapatite (nano-HAP) in the field of bone regeneration has increased the risk of human exposure. However, our understanding of the interaction between nano-HAP and stem cells implicated in bone repair remains incomplete. Methods: Here, we characterized the adhesion and cellular internalization of HAP nanoparticles (HANPs) with different sizes (20 nm np20 and 80 nm np80) and highlighted the involved pathway in their uptake using human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hWJ-MSCs)...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Celina Yang, Kyle Bromma, Devika Chithrani
Optimizing the interface between nanoparticles (NPs) and the biological environment at various levels should be considered for improving delivery of NPs to the target tumor area. For NPs to be successfully delivered to cancer cells, NPs needs to be functionalized for circulation through the blood vessels. In this study, accumulation of Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) functionalized gold nanoparticles (GNPs) was first tested using in vitro monolayer cells and multilayer cell models prior to in vivo models. A diameter of 10 nm sized GNP was selected for this study for sufficient penetration through tumor tissue...
March 20, 2018: Cancers
Jin-Xuan Fan, Zi-Hao Li, Xin-Hua Liu, Diwei Zheng, Ying Chen, Xian-Zheng Zhang
Oral drug administration is widely adopted for diverse drugs, and enjoys the convenience of use and capbility to reach different parts of the body via the bloodstream. However, it is generally not feasible for biomacromolecular anti-tumor drugs such as protein and nucleic acids due to the the limited absorption through gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and the poor tumor targeting. Here, we report a non-invasive thermally-sensitive programmable therapetic system using bacteria E. coli MG1655 as an vehicle for tumor treatments via oral administration...
March 20, 2018: Nano Letters
Jun-Yi Wu, Zhong-Xia Wang, Guang Zhang, Xian Lu, Guang-Hui Qiang, Wei Hu, An-Lai Ji, Jun-Hua Wu, Chun-Ping Jiang
Purpose: FTY720, known as fingolimod, is a new immunosuppressive agent with effective anticancer properties. Although it was recently confirmed that FTY720 inhibits cancer cell proliferation, FTY720 can also induce protective autophagy and reduce cytotoxicity. Blocking autophagy with Beclin 1 siRNA after treatment with FTY720 promotes apoptosis. The objective of this study was to enhance the anticancer effect of FTY720 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by targeted co-delivery of FTY720 and Beclin 1 siRNA using calcium phosphate (CaP) nanoparticles (NPs)...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Pia Pužar Dominkuš, Matjaž Stenovec, Simona Sitar, Eva Lasič, Robert Zorec, Ana Plemenitaš, Ema Žagar, Marko Kreft, Metka Lenassi
PKH lipophilic dyes are highly fluorescent and stain membranes by intercalating their aliphatic portion into the exposed lipid bilayer. They have established use in labeling and tracking of cells in vivo and in vitro. Despite wide use of PKH-labeled extracellular vesicles (EVs) in cell targeting and functional studies, nonEV-associated fluorescent structures have never been examined systematically, nor was their internalization by cells. Here, we have characterized PKH26-positive particles in lymphoblastoid B exosome samples and exosome-free controls stained by ultracentrifugation, filtration, and sucrose-cushion-based and sucrose-gradient-based procedures, using confocal imaging and asymmetric-flow field-flow fractionation coupled to multi-angle light-scattering detector analysis...
March 15, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Zhiqi Xie, Wangwei Guo, Ningning Guo, Mingyi Huangfu, Huina Liu, Mengting Lin, WenHong Xu, Jiejian Chen, TianTian Wang, Qichun Wei, Min Han, Jianqing Gao
Although existing nanomedicines have focused on the tumor microenvironment with the goal of improving the effectiveness of conventional chemotherapy, the penetration of a tumor's core still represents a formidable barrier for existing drug delivery systems. Therefore, a novel multifunctional hypoxia-induced size-shrinkable nanoparticle has been designed to increase the penetration of drugs, nucleic acids, or probes into tumors. This cooperative strategy relies on three aspects: (i) the responsiveness of nanoparticles to hypoxia, which shrink when triggered by low oxygen concentrations; (ii) the core of a nanoparticle involves an internal cavity and strong positive charges on the surface to deliver both doxorubicin and siRNA; and (iii) a reactive oxygen species (ROS) probe is incorporated in the nanoparticle to monitor its preliminary therapeutic response in real time, which is expected to realize the enhanced efficacy together with the ability to self-monitor the anticancer activity...
March 12, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Stéphane Faucher, Samantha Soulé, Anne-Laure Bulteau, Joachim Allouche, Gaëtane Lespes
A method to determine total gold (Au) and/or silver (Ag) elemental concentrations from gold nanoparticles, Au-Ag nanoshells (NS) and silica coated Au-Ag nanoshells was developed, evaluated and validated. Samples were mineralized in a mixture of concentrated aqua regia and hydrofluoric acid at 65 °C for 4 h. Mineralized solutions were diluted and standard solutions were prepared in aqua regia 5%. ICP-MS analysis was performed with or without the use of a reaction cell (CRC). For the determination of elemental concentrations of nanopowders and test suspensions, the average recovery was 99 ± 2% and 101 ± 2% for gold and silver respectively...
May 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Emily Wonder, Lorena Simón-Gracia, Pablo Scodeller, Ramsey N Majzoub, Venkata Ramana Kotamraju, Kai K Ewert, Tambet Teesalu, Cyrus R Safinya
Cationic liposome-nucleic acid (CL-NA) complexes, which form spontaneously, are a highly modular gene delivery system. These complexes can be sterically stabilized via PEGylation [PEG: poly (ethylene glycol)] into nanoparticles (NPs) and targeted to specific tissues and cell types via the conjugation of an affinity ligand. However, there are currently no guidelines on how to effectively navigate the large space of compositional parameters that modulate the specific and nonspecific binding interactions of peptide-targeted NPs with cells...
March 2, 2018: Biomaterials
Claudia Conte, Francesca Mastrotto, Vincenzo Taresco, Aleksandra Tchoryk, Fabiana Quaglia, Snjezana Stolnik, Cameron Alexander
In the treatment of lung cancer, there is an urgent need of innovative medicines to optimize pharmacological responses of conventional chemotherapeutics while attenuating side effects. Here, we have exploited some relatively unexplored subtle differences in reduction potential, associated with cancer cell microenvironments in addition to the well-known changes in intracellular redox environment. We report the synthesis and application of novel redox-responsive PLGA (poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)) -PEG (polyethylene glycol) nanoparticles (RR-NPs) programmed to change surface properties when entering tumor microenvironments, thus enhance cell internalization of the particles and their drug cargo...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Esra Metin, Pelin Mutlu, Ufuk Gunduz
BACKGROUND: Although conventional chemotherapy is the most common method for cancer treatment, it has several side effects such as neuropathy, alopecia and cardiotoxicity. Since the drugs are given to body systemically, normal cells are also affected, just like cancer cells. However, in recent years, targeted drug delivery has been developed to overcome these drawbacks. OBJECTIVE: The aim in this study was targeted co-delivery of doxorubicin (Dox) which is an anticancer agent and D-α-Tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (vitamin E TPGS or simply TPGS) to breast cancer cells...
March 13, 2018: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Shengmiao Zhang, Xiaoxing Fan, Fangning Zhang, Yun Zhu, Jianding Chen
Pristine Fe3O4 nanoparticle (FeNP) is supposed to be a good catalyst of Fenton processes which have shown significant potential for water purification. Herein the magnetic macroporous hydrogel beads, having an open-cell structure, were synthesized by sedimentation polymerization of pristine FeNP stabilized oil-in-water high internal phase emulsions. The effects of the FeNP amount, internal phase fraction and the co-stabilizer Tween85 concentration on the structure, such as interconnecting degree, void size and its distribution of both the surface and inner of the beads, were investigated...
March 12, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Myrsini Giannouli, Κaterina Govatsi, George Syrrokostas, Spyros N Yannopoulos, George Leftheriotis
A comparative assessment of nanowire versus nanoparticle-based ZnO dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) is conducted to investigate the main parameters that affect device performance. Towards this aim, the influence of film morphology, dye adsorption, electron recombination and sensitizer pH on the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the DSSCs is examined. Nanoparticle-based DSSCs with PCEs of up to 6.2% are developed and their main characteristics are examined. The efficiency of corresponding devices based on nanowire arrays (NW) is considerably lower (0...
March 9, 2018: Materials
Changqie Pan, Yuqing Liu, Minyu Zhou, Wensheng Wang, Min Shi, Malcolm Xing, Wangjun Liao
A multifunctional theranostic nanoplatform integrated with environmental responses has been developed rapidly over the past few years as a novel treatment strategy for several solid tumors. We synthesized pH-sensitive poly(β-thiopropionate) nanoparticles with a supermagnetic core and folic acid (FA) conjugation (FA-doxorubicin-iron oxide nanoparticles [FA-DOX@ IONPs]) to deliver an antineoplastic drug, DOX, for the treatment of folate receptor (FR)-overexpressed breast cancer. In addition to an imaging function, the nanoparticles can release their payloads in response to an environment of pH 5, such as the acidic environment found in tumors...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Peiqi Zhao, Lanfang Li, Shiyong Zhou, Lihua Qiu, Zhengzi Qian, Xianming Liu, Xuchen Cao, Huilai Zhang
Multidrug resistance (MDR) has become a very serious problem in cancer therapy. To effectively reverse MDR in tumor treatments, a new pH-sensitive nano drug delivery system (NDDS) composed of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) and d-a-tocopheryl poly-ethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) copolymers was synthesized to deliver doxorubicin (DOX) into drug-resistant breast cancer cell line (MCF-7/ADR). DOX@MSNs-TPGS were characterized to have a single peak size distribution, high DOX loading efficiency and a pH-dependent drug release profile...
March 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Yunqiao Li, Dong Yang, Shang Wang, Chenyu Li, Bin Xue, Lin Yang, Zhiqiang Shen, Min Jin, Jingfeng Wang, Zhigang Qiu
While nanoparticles exert bactericidal effects through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the processes of the internalization of and the direct physical damage caused by iron oxide nanoparticles are not completely clear. We hypothesize that direct physical or mechanical damage of the cell membrane and cytoplasmic integrity by nanoparticles is another major cause of bacterial death besides ROS. The aim of this study is to investigate the process of the internalization of iron oxide nanoparticles, and to evaluate the effect of direct physical or mechanical damage on bacterial cell growth and death...
March 8, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Sheik Saleem Pasha, Leena Fageria, Clàudia Climent, Nigam P Rath, Pere Alemany, Rajdeep Chowdhury, Aniruddha Roy, Inamur Rahaman Laskar
Advanced biomedical research has established that cancer is a multifactorial disorder which is highly heterogeneous in nature and responds differently to different treatment modalities, due to which constant monitoring of therapy response is becoming extremely important. To accomplish this, different theranostic formulations have been evaluated. However, most of them are found to suffer from several limitations extending from poor resolution, radiation damage, to high costs. In order to develop a better theranostic modality, we have designed and synthesized a novel platinum(ii)-based 'aggregation induced emission' (AIE) molecule (named BMPP-Pt) which showed strong intra-cellular fluorescence and also simultaneously exhibited potent cytotoxic activity...
March 8, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Nader R Abdelsalam, Ahmed Abdel-Megeed, Hayssam M Ali, Mohamed Z M Salem, Muwafaq F A Al-Hayali, Mohamed S Elshikh
The distribution and use of nanoparticles have rapidly increased over recent years, but the available knowledge regarding their mode of action, ecological tolerance and biodegradability remains insufficient. Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is the most important crop worldwide. In the current study, the effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) obtained from two different sources, namely, green and chemical syntheses, on chromosomal aberrations and cell division were investigated. Wheat root tips were treated with four different AgNP concentrations (10, 20, 40 and 50 ppm) for three different exposure durations (8, 16 and 24 h), and the different concentrations of the nanoparticles were added to the tested grains until the root lengths reached 1...
March 3, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
David Cabrera, Annelies Coene, Jonathan Leliaert, Emilio J Artés-Ibáñez, Luc Dupré, Neil D Telling, Francisco J Teran
Magnetic nanoparticles exposed to alternating magnetic fields have shown a great potential acting as magnetic hyperthermia mediators for cancer treatment. However, a dramatic and unexplained reduction of the nanoparticle magnetic heating efficiency has been evidenced when nanoparticles are located inside cells or tissues. Recent studies suggest the enhancement of nanoparticle clustering and/or immobilization after interaction with cells as possible causes, although a quantitative description of the influence of biological matrices on the magnetic response of magnetic nanoparticles under AC magnetic fields is lacking...
March 6, 2018: ACS Nano
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