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cell internalization nanoparticles

Yayun Peng, Dongzhi Yang, Weifei Lu, Xiongwei Hu, Hao Hong, Ting Cai
Various carbonaceous nanomaterials, including fullerene, carbon nanotube, graphene, and carbon dots, have attracted increasing attention during past decades for their potential applications in biological imaging and therapy. In this study, we have developed a fullerene-based tumor-targeted positron emission tomography (PET) imaging probe. Water-soluble functionalized C60 conjugates were radio-labeled with (64)Cu and modified with cyclo (Arg-Gly-Asp) peptides (cRGD) for targeting of integrin αvβ3 in glioblastoma...
August 8, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Xuan Gao, Jun Zhang, Zun Huang, Tiantian Zuo, Qing Lu, Guangyu Wu, Qi Shen
Interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) in tumor is much higher than that in normal tissue and it constitutes a great obstacle for the delivery of anti-tumor drugs, which makes it a potential target for cancer therapy. In this study, cationic nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) were modified by gelatin with low molecular weight in order to achieve the desirable reduction of tumor IFP and improve the drug delivery as well as the chemotherapy on tumor proliferation and pulmonary metastasis. The nanoparticles were used to entrap three drugs - docetaxel (DTX), quercetin (Qu) and imatinib (IMA) - with high encapsulation efficiency of 89...
August 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Varun Kushwah, Ashish Kumar Agrawal, Chander Parkash Dora, David Mallinson, Dimitrios A Lamprou, Ramesh C Gupta, Sanyog Jain
PURPOSE: The present study reports a novel conjugate of gemcitabine (GEM) with bovine serum albumin (BSA) and thereof nanoparticles (GEM-BSA NPs) to potentiate the therapeutic efficacy by altering physicochemical properties, improving cellular uptake and stability of GEM. METHODS: The synthesized GEM-BSA conjugate was extensively characterized by NMR, FTIR, MALDI-TOF and elemental analysis. Conjugation mediated changes in structural conformation and physicochemical properties were analysed by fluorescence, Raman and CD spectroscopy, DSC and contact angle analysis...
August 9, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
Xin Luo, Xia Peng, Jingying Hou, Shuyun Wu, Jun Shen, Lingyun Wang
Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1), which is highly expressed in gastric cancers, interacts with programmed death-1 (PD-1) on T cells and is involved in T-cell immune resistance. To increase the therapeutic safety and accuracy of PD-1/PD-L1 blockade, RNA interference through targeted gene delivery was performed in our study. We developed folic acid (FA)- and disulfide (SS)-polyethylene glycol (PEG)-conjugated polyethylenimine (PEI) complexed with superparamagnetic iron oxide Fe3O4 nanoparticles (SPIONs) as a siRNA-delivery system for PD-L1 knockdown...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Kohei Kubota, Kohei Onishi, Kazuaki Sawaki, Tianshu Li, Kaoru Mitsuoka, Takaaki Sato, Shinji Takeoka
Two lipid-based nanoformulations have been used to date in clinical studies: lipoplexes and lipid nanoparticles (LNPs). In this study, we prepared small interfering RNA (siRNA)-loaded carriers using lipid components of the same composition to form molecular assemblies of differing structures, and evaluated the impact of structure on cellular uptake and immune stimulation. Lipoplexes are electrostatic complexes formed by mixing preformed cationic lipid liposomes with anionic siRNA in an aqueous environment, whereas LNPs are nanoparticles embedding siRNA prepared by mixing an alcoholic lipid solution with an aqueous siRNA solution in one step...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Shaohui Zheng, VAN DU Nguyen, Seung Yoon Song, Jiwon Han, Jong-Oh Park
In this study, a novel type of hyaluronic acid (HA)-decorated nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) was prepared and investigated as a light-triggered drug release and combined photothermal-chemotherapy for cancer treatment. Polyhedral gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) with an average size of 10 nm were synthesized and co-encapsulated with doxorubicin (DOX) in the matrix of NLCs with a high drug loading efficiency (above 80%). HA decoration was achieved by the electrostatic interaction between HA and CTAB on the NLCs surface...
August 7, 2017: Nanotechnology
Judit Sastre, Ilaria Mannelli, Ramon Reigada
BACKGROUND: The toxic effects and environmental impact of nanomaterials, and in particular of Fullerene particles, are matters of serious concern. It has been reported that fullerene molecules enter the cell membrane and occupy its hydrophobic region. Understanding the effects of carbon-based nanoparticles on biological membranes is therefore of critical importance to determine their exposure risks. METHODS: We report on a systematic coarse-grained molecular dynamics study of the interaction of fullerene molecules with simple model cell membranes...
August 2, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Dennis K P Ng, Roy Wong, Wing-Ping Fong, Pui-Chi Lo
Doxorubicin (Dox) was conjugated to a zinc(II) phthalocyanine (ZnPc) via an acid-cleavable hydrazone linker. This conjugate, having an azido group, was then anchored to the nanochannels of an alkyne-modified mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) system via copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition reaction. An analogous nanosystem was also prepared by immobilization of a hydrazine-substituted ZnPc to the MSN followed by coupling with Dox for comparison. The release of Dox under acidic conditions was studied in phosphate buffered saline with 0...
August 3, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Silvia Palombella, Cristina Pirrone, Federica Rossi, Ilaria Armenia, Mario Cherubino, Luigi Valdatta, Mario Raspanti, Giovanni Bernardini, Rosalba Gornati
As the knowledge about the interferences of nanomaterials on human staminal cells are scarce and contradictory, we undertook a comparative multidisciplinary study based on the size effect of zero-valent iron, cobalt, and nickel microparticles (MPs) and nanoparticles (NPs) using human adipose stem cells (hASCs) as a model, and evaluating cytotoxicity, morphology, cellular uptake, and gene expression. Our results suggested that the medium did not influence the cell sensitivity but, surprisingly, the iron microparticles (FeMPs) resulted in being toxic...
August 3, 2017: Nanomaterials
Xu-Jie Liu, Liang Li, Xiu-Jun Liu, Yi Li, Chun-Yan Zhao, Rui-Qi Wang, Yong-Su Zhen
Previous studies have shown that mithramycin A (MIT) is a promising candidate for the treatment of pancreatic carcinoma through inhibiting transcription factor Sp1. However, systemic toxicities may limit its clinical application. Here, we report a rationally designed formulation of MIT-loaded nanoparticles (MIT-NPs) with a small size and sustained release for improved passive targeting and enhanced therapeutic efficacy. Nearly spherical MIT-NPs with a mean particle size of 25.0±4.6 nm were prepared by encapsulating MIT into methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (mPEG-PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) with drug loading of 2...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Minmin Fan, Ye Zeng, Huitong Ruan, Zhirong Zhang, Tao Gong, Xun Sun
PEGylation can stabilize drug delivery systems for cancer therapy by creating repulsive interactions with biological components in vivo. While these interactions reduce nonspecific adsorption of drug-loaded particles onto nontarget surfaces, they also inhibit internalization of particles into target cells. To circumvent this so-called "PEG-dilemma", we have developed nanoparticles with a PEG coating that is shed after arrival in target tissue. Positively charged polycation nanoparticles were assembled with microRNA-34a via electrostatic interactions and then coated again via electrostatic interactions with an anionic PEG derivative that separates from the nanoparticle in the acidic tumor microenvironment...
August 14, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Victoria López, Maria Rocío Villegas, Verónica Rodríguez, Gonzalo Villaverde, Daniel Lozano, Alejandro Baeza, María Vallet-Regí
The development of targeted nanocarriers able to be selectively internalized within tumor cells, and therefore to deliver anti-tumor drugs specifically to diseased cells, constitutes one of the most important goals in nano-oncology. Herein, the development of Janus mesoporous silica particles asymmetrically decorated with two targeting moieties, one of them selective for folate membrane cell receptors (folic acid) and the other one able to bind to mitochondria membrane (triphenylphosphine, TPP), is described in order to achieve sequential cell to organelle vectorization...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Daniela Guarnieri, Pietro Melone, Mauro Moglianetti, Roberto Marotta, Paolo A Netti, Pier Paolo Pompa
Delivery of therapeutic agents inside the cytosol, avoiding the confinement in endo-lysosomal compartments and their degradative environment, is one of the key targets of nanomedicine to gain the maximum remedial effects. Current approaches based on cell penetrating peptides (CPPs), despite improving the cellular uptake efficiency of nanocarriers, have shown controversial results in terms of intracellular localization. To elucidate the delivery potential of CPPs, in this work we analyzed the role of the particle size in influencing the ability of a membranotropic peptide, namely gH625, to escape the endo-lysosomal pathway and deliver the particles in the cytosol...
July 31, 2017: Nanoscale
Manfred F Maitz, Claudia Sperling, Thidarat Wongpinyochit, Manuela Herklotz, Carsten Werner, F Philipp Seib
Many nanoparticles are designed for use as potential nanomedicines for parenteral administration. However, emerging evidence suggests that hemocompatibility is important, but is highly particle- and test-bed dependent. Thus, knowledge of bulk material properties does not predict the hemocompatibility of uncharacterized nanoparticles, including silk nanoparticles. This study compares the hemocompatibility of silk versus silica nanoparticles, using whole human blood under quasi-static and flow conditions. Substantial hemocompatibility differences are noted for some nanoparticles in quasi-static versus dynamic studies; i...
July 27, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Gang Zhou, Jin Zhang, Chun Pan, Naicheng Liu, Zhenheng Wang, Junfeng Zhang
Fe₃O₄ nanoparticles (Fe₃O₄ NPs) have been used for medical and drug applications, although the mechanisms of cellular uptake and transport need to be further evaluated under inflammatory conditions. In the present study, we investigated the uptake of Fe₃O₄ NPs (20, 50, 100, and 200 nm) by intestinal epithelial cells under inflammatory conditions via the light scattering of flow cytometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) techniques. The results of the correlation analysis indicated that the uptake ratios of Fe₃O₄ NPs by intestinal epithelial cells under inflammatory conditions were higher than those under the control conditions...
July 27, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Lijun Ma, Qiubing Chen, Panpan Ma, Moon Kwon Han, Zhigang Xu, Yuejun Kang, Bo Xiao, Didier Merlin
AIM: To enhance the tumor accumulation and targeted drug delivery for colon cancer therapy, iRGD peptide was introduced to the surface of PEGylated camptothecin-loaded nanoparticles (NPs). METHODS: Cellular uptake, targeting specificity, biodistribution and antitumor capacity were evaluated. RESULTS: The functionalization of iRGD facilitated tumor accumulation and cellular uptake of NPs by Colon-26 cells. Furthermore, the resultant iRGD-PEG-NPs remarkably improved the therapeutic efficacy of camptothecin in vitro and in vivo by inducing a higher degree of tumor cell apoptosis compared with PEG-NPs...
August 2017: Nanomedicine
Sara Vicente, Claudia Moia, Huijun Zhu, Xavier Vigé
The use of colloidal silica nanoparticles and sub-microparticles (SiPs) have been considered a very interesting strategy for drug delivery applications. In the present study, we have focused our attention on the suitability of these nanomaterials as potential carriers for dermal drug delivery, thus studying their toxicological profile in vitro, cellular uptake and intracellular localization in both human keratinocytes (K17) and human dermal fibroblasts (HDF) as a function of their particle size (SiPs of 20, 70, 200 and 500 nm)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
Junbo Li, Sheng Zou, Jiayu Gao, Ju Liang, Huiyun Zhou, Lijuan Liang, Wenlan Wu
BACKGROUND: Polymer surface-modified inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) provide a multifunctional platform for assisting gene delivery. Rational structure design for enhancing colloidal stability and cellular uptake is an important strategy in the development of safe and highly efficient gene vectors. RESULTS: Heterogeneous Au-coated Fe3O4 (Fe3O4@Au) NPs capped by polyethylene glycol-b-poly1-(3-aminopropyl)-3-(2-methacryloyloxy propylimidazolium bromine) (PEG-b-PAMPImB-Fe3O4@Au) were prepared for DNA loading and magnetofection assays...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Daša Zupančič, Mateja Erdani Kreft, Maja Grdadolnik, Dimitar Mitev, Aleš Iglič, Peter Veranič
Detonation nanodiamonds (DNDs) are carbon-based nanomaterials that are among the most promising nanoparticles available for biomedical applications so far. This is due to their biocompatibility, which could be contributed to their inert core and conformable surface nature. However, DNDs cytotoxicity for urothelial cells and the routes of their internalization remains an open question in the aspect of nanodiamond surface. We therefore analyzed four types of DNDs for cytotoxicity and internalization with normal urothelial cells and two types of cancer urothelial cell lines in vitro...
July 24, 2017: Protoplasma
Brian Sims, Anitra L Farrow, Sparkle D Williams, Anju Bansal, Alexandre Krendelchtchikov, Linlin Gu, Qiana L Matthews
Exosomes, 30-200 nm nanostructures secreted from donor cells and internalized by recipient cells, can play an important role in the cellular entry of some viruses. These microvesicles are actively secreted into various body fluids, including blood, urine, saliva, cerebrospinal fluid, and breast milk. We successfully isolated exosomes from human breast milk and plasma. The size and concentration of purified exosomes were measured by nanoparticle tracking, while Western blotting confirmed the presence of the exosomal-associated proteins CD9 and CD63, clathrin, and T cell immunoglobulin and mucin proteins (TIMs)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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