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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546913/genetic-assembly-of-double-layered-fluorescent-protein-nanoparticles-for-cancer-targeting-and-imaging
#1
Seong-Eun Kim, Sung Duk Jo, Koo Chul Kwon, You-Yeon Won, Jeewon Lee
Hepatitis B virus capsid (HBVC), a self-assembled protein nanoparticle comprised of 180 or 240 subunit proteins, is used as a cage for genetic encapsulation of fluorescent proteins (FPs). The self-quenching of FPs is controlled by varying the spacing between FPs within the capsid structure. Double-layered FP nanoparticle possessing cancer cell-targeting capabilities is also produced by additionally attaching FPs and cancer cell receptor-binding peptides (affibodies) to the outer surface of the capsid. The generically modified HBVC with double layers of mCardinal FPs and affibodies (mC-DL-HBVC) exhibit a high fluorescence intensity and a strong photostability, and is efficiently internalized by cancer cells and significantly stable against intracellular degradation...
May 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540373/in-vitro-cellular-behaviors-and-toxicity-assays-of-small-sized-fluorescent-silicon-nanoparticles
#2
Zhaohui Cao, Fei Peng, Zhilin Hu, Binbin Chu, Yiling Zhong, Yuanyuan Su, Sudan He, Yao He
Extensive investigations have been carried out for evaluating the toxicology of various nanomaterials (e.g., carbon- and metal-based nanomaterials), which offer invaluable information for assessing the feasibility of nanomaterial-based wide-ranging applications. In recent years, sufficient efforts have been made to develop fluorescent small-sized silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) as a novel optical material simultaneously featuring strong fluorescence and ultrahigh photostability, providing high promise for a myriad of biological, biomedical and electronic applications...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540174/a-preliminary-study-on-the-interaction-between-asn-gly-arg-ngr-modified-multifunctional-nanoparticles-and-vascular-epithelial-cells
#3
Chunxi Liu, Tingxian Liu, Xiaoyue Yu, Yizhu Gu
Previously developed Asn-Gly-Arg (NGR) peptide-modified multifunctional poly(ethyleneimine)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEI-PEG)-based nanoparticles (TPIC) have been considered to be promising carriers for the co-delivery of DNA and doxorubicin (DOX). As a continued effort, the aim of the present study was to further evaluate the interaction between TPIC and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) to better understand the cellular entry mechanism. In the present investigation, experiments relevant to co-localization, endocytosis inhibitors and factors influencing the internalization were performed...
May 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536061/time-course-assessment-of-the-aggregation-and-metabolization-of-magnetic-nanoparticles
#4
José M Rojas, Helena Gavilán, Vanesa Del Dedo, Eduardo Lorente-Sorolla, Laura Sanz-Ortega, Gustavo B da Silva, Rocío Costo, Sonia Perez-Yagüe, Marina Talelli, Marzia Marciello, M Puerto Morales, Domingo F Barber, Lucía Gutiérrez
To successfully develop biomedical applications for magnetic nanoparticles, it is imperative that these nanoreagents maintain their magnetic properties in vivo and that their by-products are safely metabolized. When placed in biological milieu or internalized into cells, nanoparticle aggregation degree can increase which could affect magnetic properties and metabolization. To evaluate these aggregation effects, we synthesized citric acid-coated iron oxide nanoparticles whose magnetic susceptibility can be modified by aggregation in agar dilutions and dextran-layered counterparts that maintain their magnetic properties unchanged...
May 20, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532090/in-situ-synthesis-of-bilayered-gradient-poly-vinyl-alcohol-hydroxyapatite-composite-hydrogel-by-directional-freezing-thawing-and-electrophoresis-method
#5
Cui Su, Yunlan Su, Zhiyong Li, Muhammad Abdul Haq, Yong Zhou, Dujin Wang
Bilayered poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/hydroxyapatite (HA) composite hydrogels with anisotropic and gradient mechanical properties were prepared by the combination of directional freezing-thawing (DFT) and electrophoresis method. Firstly, PVA hydrogels with aligned channel structure were prepared by the DFT method. Then, HA nanoparticles were in situ synthesized within the PVA hydrogels via electrophoresis. By controlling the time of the electrophoresis process, a bilayered gradient hydrogel containing HA particles in only half of the gel region was obtained...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532020/ph-responsive-drug-release-and-real-time-fluorescence-detection-of-porous-silica-nanoparticles
#6
Xu Zhang, Yamin Wang, Yanbao Zhao, Lei Sun
In this work, pH-sensitive "dual-switch" porous silica (pSiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) were constructed for drug delivery. Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) was grafting onto the internal and external surfaces of amino groups functionalized porous silica (pSiO2-NH2) NPs by the amidation between the amino groups and the carboxyl groups of PAA for pH triggered drug release. The resultant pSiO2/PAA NPs have an average diameter of 50-60nm and high specific surface area (914m(2)·g(-1)). To improve the loading capacity, ZnO quantum dots (QDs) were used to block the partial pores of pSiO2/PAA and the loading capacity reached to 28% for methotrexate (MTX) model drug...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531877/folate-n-acetyl-glucosamine-conjugated-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-for-targeting-breast-cancer-cells-a-comparative-study
#7
Pramod Kumar, Prajakta Tambe, Kishore M Paknikar, Virendra Gajbhiye
Folate receptors (FR) have been well recognized as a marker to target nano-sized carriers for cancer diagnosis and therapy. In contrast, influx transport systems (e.g. GLUT transporters) that transport essential amino acids and nutrients to cancer cells have not been exploited much for targeted delivery. In this study, folic acid- or n-acetyl glucosamine- functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles loaded with doxorubicin (DOX-FA-MSNPs or DOX-NAG-MSNPs) were prepared, characterized and compared for targeting along with cytotoxicity towards MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells...
May 11, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529648/elongated-nanoparticle-aggregates-in-cancer-cells-for-mechanical-destruction-with-low-frequency-rotating-magnetic-field
#8
Yajing Shen, Congyu Wu, Taro Q P Uyeda, Gustavo R Plaza, Bin Liu, Yu Han, Maciej S Lesniak, Yu Cheng
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) functionalized with targeting moieties can recognize specific cell components and induce mechanical actuation under magnetic field. Their size is adequate for reaching tumors and targeting cancer cells. However, due to the nanometric size, the force generated by MNPs is smaller than the force required for largely disrupting key components of cells. Here, we show the magnetic assembly process of the nanoparticles inside the cells, to form elongated aggregates with the size required to produce elevated mechanical forces...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528134/enhancing-tumor-cell-response-to-multidrug-resistance-with-ph-sensitive-quercetin-and-doxorubicin-conjugated-multifunctional-nanoparticles
#9
Cenk Daglioglu
Classical chemotherapy uses chemotherapeutic agents as a mainstay of anticancer treatment. However, the development of multidrug resistance to chemotherapy limits the effectiveness of current cancer treatment. Nanosized bioconjugates combining a chemotherapeutic agent with a pharmacological approach may improve the curative effect of chemotherapeutic agents. Herein I addressed this issue by describing the synthesis, and testing of, pH-responsive Fe3O4@SiO2(FITC)-BTN/QUR/DOX multifunctional nanoparticles. The particles were designed to modulate resistance-mediating factors and to potentiate the efficacy of DOX against chemoresistance...
May 10, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526447/toxicity-screening-of-a-novel-poly-methylmethacrylate-eudragit-nanocarrier-on-l929-fibroblasts
#10
Diogo Graça, Henriqueta Louro, Joana Santos, Kamila Dias, Lídia Gonçalves, António Almeida, Maria João Silva, Ana Bettencourt
Toxicity screening of a novel poly(methylmethacrylate)-Eudragit nanocarrier on L929 fibroblasts Translation of innovative drug delivery nanosystems into the market involves an early toxicity screening in the development phase. Previously, we showed that inclusion of the polymer (Eudragit, EUD) into poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) nanoparticles (NP) resulted in a novel nanocarrier (PMMA-EUD) with an improved biomedical performance. The safety of this novel nanoparticulate system (PMMA-EUDNPs) was assessed in this work and compared to that of the original PMMANPs by using an integrated approach, comprising in vitro toxicity assessment and NPs physicochemical characterization in water and cell medium...
May 16, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525949/capsaicin-loaded-folic-acid-conjugated-lipid-nanoparticles-for-enhanced-therapeutic-efficacy-in-ovarian-cancers
#11
Lin Lv, Yu-Xin Zhuang, Hui-Wu Zhang, Nan-Nan Tian, Wen-Zhen Dang, Shao-Yu Wu
In this study, folic acid-conjugated lipid nanoparticles were successfully prepared to enhance the active targeting of capsaicin (CAP) in ovarian cancers. The particles were nanosized and exhibited a controlled release of drug in the physiological conditions. The folic acid (FA)-conjugated system exhibited a remarkably higher uptake of nanoparticles in the cancer cells compared to that of non-targeted system. The folate-conjugated CAP-loaded lipid nanoparticles (CFLN) upon interacting with cancer cells were internalized via receptor-mediated endocytosis mechanism and resulted in higher concentration in the cancer cells...
May 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525708/affinity-based-assembly-of-peptides-on-plasmonic-nanoparticles-delivered-intracellularly-with-light-activated-control
#12
Demosthenes P Morales, William Wonderly, Xiao Huang, Meghan McAdams, Amanda Chron, Norbert O Reich
We report a universal strategy for functionalizing near-infrared light-responsive nanocarriers with both a peptide "cargo" and an orthogonal cell-penetrating peptide. Modularity of both the cargo and internalization peptide attachment are an important feature of these materials relying on the robust affinity of polyhistidine tags to nitrilotriacetic acid in the presence of nickel as well as the affinity of biotin labeled peptides to streptavidin. Attachment to the gold surface uses thiol labeled scaffolds terminated with the affinity partner...
May 19, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525262/serum-protein-adsorption-enhances-active-leukemia-stem-cell-targeting-of-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles
#13
Michaela Beck, Tamoghna Mandal, Christian Buske, Mika Lindén
The functionalization of nanoparticles with a ligand targeting receptors overexpressed by the target cells is a commonly used strategy when aiming at nanoparticle-based, cell type-specific drug delivery.1-4 However, the influence of particle surface chemistry on the targetability has received much less attention. The surface charge is known to directly or indirectly affect the nanoparticle cellular uptake kinetics by influencing serum protein adsorption.5-7 Thus, it is fair to assume that both the specificity and cellular uptake kinetics of targeted nanoparticles are influenced by the nanoparticle charge, both of which are important parameters for controlling cell-specific drug delivery efficiency...
May 25, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525259/biodegradable-smart-polyphosphazenes-with-intrinsic-multi-functionality-as-intracellular-protein-delivery-vehicles
#14
Andre P Martinez, Bareera Qamar, Thomas R Fuerst, Silvia Muro, Alexander K Andrianov
A series of biodegradable drug delivery polymers with intrinsic multifunctionality have been designed and synthesized utilizing polyphosphazene macromolecular engineering approach. Novel water-soluble polymers, which contain carboxylic acid and pyrrolidone moieties attached to inorganic phosphorus-nitrogen backbone, were characterized by a suite of physico-chemical methods to confirm their structure, composition, and molecular sizes. All synthesized polyphosphazenes displayed composition dependent hydrolytic degradability in aqueous solutions at neutral pH...
May 19, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524852/surface-chemistry-governs-cellular-tropism-of-nanoparticles-in-the-brain
#15
Eric Song, Alice Gaudin, Amanda R King, Young-Eun Seo, Hee-Won Suh, Yang Deng, Jiajia Cui, Gregory T Tietjen, Anita Huttner, W Mark Saltzman
Nanoparticles are of long-standing interest for the treatment of neurological diseases such as glioblastoma. Most past work focused on methods to introduce nanoparticles into the brain, suggesting that reaching the brain interstitium will be sufficient to ensure therapeutic efficacy. However, optimized nanoparticle design for drug delivery to the central nervous system is limited by our understanding of their cellular deposition in the brain. Here, we investigated the cellular fate of poly(lactic acid) nanoparticles presenting different surface chemistries, after administration by convection-enhanced delivery...
May 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524813/a-multifunctional-nanocomplex-for-enhanced-cell-uptake-endosomal-escape-and-improved-cancer-therapeutic-effect
#16
Patrick V Almeida, Mohammad-Ali Shahbazi, Alexandra Correia, Ermei Mäkilä, Marianna Kemell, Jarno Salonen, Jouni Hirvonen, Hélder A Santos
AIM: To evaluate the chemotherapeutic potential of a novel multifunctional nanocomposite encapsulating both porous silicon (PSi) and gold (Au) nanoparticles in a polymeric nanocomplex. MATERIALS & METHODS: The nanocomposite was physicochemically characterized and evaluated in vitro for biocompatibility, cellular internalization, endosomolytic properties, cytoplasmatic drug delivery and chemotherapeutic efficacy. RESULTS: The nanocomposites were successfully produced and exhibited adequate physicochemical properties and superior in vitro cyto- and hemocompatibilities...
May 19, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524648/instantaneous-ph-boosted-functionalization-of-stellate-gold-nanoparticles-for-intracellular-imaging-of-mirna
#17
Jisun Ki, Eunji Jang, Seungmin Han, Moo-Kwang Shin, Byunghoon Kang, Yong-Min Huh, Seungjoo Haam
Various types of nanoprobes have recently been utilized to monitor living organisms by detecting and imaging intracellular biomarkers, such as microRNAs (miRs). We here present a simple one-pot method to prepare stellate gold nanoparticles functionalized with miR-detecting molecular beacons (SGNP-MBs); low pH conditions permitted the rapid-high loading of MBs on the surface of SGNPs. Compared to the conventional gold nanoparticle-based MBs, SGNPs carried a 4.5-fold higher load of MBs and exhibited a 6.4-fold higher cellular uptake...
May 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520529/synthesis-of-theranostic-epithelial-cell-adhesion-molecule-targeted-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticle-with-gold-gatekeeper-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Maryam Babaei, Khalil Abnous, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi, Sara Amel Farzad, Mohammad Taghi Peivandi, Mohammad Ramezani, Mona Alibolandi
AIM: In this study, we report the fabrication of epithelial cell adhesion molecule targeted 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) encapsulated PEGylated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (NPs) hybridized with gold NPs (PEG-Au@Si-5-FU) as gatekeeper for theranostic applications. MATERIALS & METHODS: The prepared targeted and nontargeted formulations were evaluated in vitro in terms of their cellular internalization and toxicity. The prepared theranostic hybrid system was also implemented for computed tomography of HepG2 tumor-bearing nude mice in vivo...
May 18, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516182/intracellular-accumulation-and-immunological-responses-of-lipid-modified-magnetic-iron-nanoparticles-in-mouse-antigen-processing-cells
#19
Chenmeng Qiao, Jun Yang, Lei Chen, Jie Weng, Xin Zhang
Understanding the effects of magnetic iron nanoparticles (MINPs) on the immune response is vitally important for biomedical applications such as cancer therapy, disease diagnosis and novel cancer imaging. In this study, lipid modified MINPs were designed and prepared by introducing the neutral lipid DSPE-PEG or the zwitterionic lipid DSPE-PCB into hydrophobic MINPs through hydrophobic interaction (L-MINPs and ZL-MINPs, respectively). The effect of L-MINPs and ZL-MINPs on the intracellular accumulation and immune responses of three kinds of antigen processing cells was examined...
May 18, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516168/selective-surface-pegylation-of-uio-66-nanoparticles-for-enhanced-stability-cell-uptake-and-ph-responsive-drug-delivery
#20
Isabel Abánades Lázaro, Salame Haddad, Sabrina Sacca, Claudia Orellana-Tavra, David Fairen-Jimenez, Ross S Forgan
The high storage capacities and excellent biocompatibilities of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have made them emerging candidates as drug-delivery vectors. Incorporation of surface functionality is a route to enhanced properties, and here we report on a surface-modification procedure-click modulation-that controls their size and surface chemistry. The zirconium terephthalate MOF UiO-66 is (1) synthesized as ∼200 nm nanoparticles coated with functionalized modulators, (2) loaded with cargo, and (3) covalently surface modified with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) chains through mild bioconjugate reactions...
April 13, 2017: Chem
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