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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532118/facile-synthesis-of-polymeric-fluorescent-organic-nanoparticles-based-on-the-self-polymerization-of-dopamine-for-biological-imaging
#1
Yingge Shi, Ruming Jiang, Meiying Liu, Lihua Fu, Guangjian Zeng, Qing Wan, Liucheng Mao, Fengjie Deng, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yen Wei
Polymeric fluorescent organic nanoparticles (polymer-FONs) have raised considerable research attention for biomedical applications owing to their advantages as compared with fluorescent inorganic nanoparticles and small organic molecules. In this study, we presented an efficient, facile and environment-friendly strategy to produce polymer-FONs, which relied on the self-polymerization of dopamine and polyethyleneimine (PEI) in rather mild conditions. To obtain the final polymer-FONs, aldehyde group-containing copolymers (named as poly(UA-co-PEGMA)) were synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain-transfer polymerization using polyethylene glycol methyl ether methacrylate (PEGMA) and 1-undecen-10-al (UA) as monomers...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532114/hypocrellin-b-and-nano-silver-loaded-polymeric-nanoparticles-enhanced-generation-of-singlet-oxygen-for-improved-photodynamic-therapy
#2
Subramanian Natesan, Venkateshwaran Krishnaswami, Chandrasekar Ponnusamy, Madi Madiyalakan, Thomas Woo, Rajaguru Palanisamy
A nanoparticulate photodynamic approach was employed with an objective to achieve enhanced production of singlet oxygen ((1)O2), for the management of posterior segment eye diseases like age related macular degeneration. The hypocrellin B (HB) loaded poly lactide-co-glycolide nanoparticle formulations were incorporated with nano silver (HBS-NPs). The optimized HBS-NPs contained 2.60±0.06mg/mL of HB and showed (i) 135.6 to 828.2nm size range, and (ii) negative zeta potential with a narrow polydispersity index...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532088/mussel-inspired-surface-modification-of-titania-nanotubes-as-a-novel-drug-delivery-system
#3
Negin Khoshnood, Ali Zamanian, Abouzar Massoudi
Titania nanotubes (TNTs) have attracted considerable attention for the development of new devices for local drug delivery applications. In this study TNTs were synthesized by hydrothermal method from titania nanoparticles and then the surface of TNTs were functionalized by in situ polymerization of bioinspired polydopamine (PDA). The proposed strategies emphasized on remarkable properties of these materials and their unique combination to design local drug delivery system with advanced performance. The samples were characterized using Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM), X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and surface area analysis (BET)...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532074/highly-effective-cu-zn-carbon-micro-nanofiber-polymer-nanocomposite-based-wound-dressing-biomaterial-against-the-p-aeruginosa-multi-and-extensively-drug-resistant-strains
#4
Mohammad Ashfaq, Nishith Verma, Suphiya Khan
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is the most prevalent bacteria in the infections caused by burn, surgery, and traumatic injuries. Emergence of the P. aeruginosa bacterial resistance against various clinical drugs for wound treatment is the major concern nowadays. The present study describes the synthesis of the polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP) polymeric composite film (~0.2mm thickness) reinforced with the Cu/Zn bimetal-dispersed activated carbon micro/nanofiber (ACF/CNF), as a wound dressing material...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532033/synthesis-of-nano-sized-timolol-imprinted-polymer-via-ultrasonication-assisted-suspension-polymerization-in-silicon-oil-and-its-use-for-the-fabrication-of-timolol-voltammetric-sensor
#5
Taher Alizadeh, Mohammad Reza Ganjali, Faride Rafiei, Maedeh Akhoundian
A novel timolol voltammetric sensor based on the nano-sized molecularly imprinted polymer (nano-MIP)-modified carbon paste electrode was introduced. Timolol-imprinted polymers (MIP) were synthesized by the ultrasonic assisted suspension polymerization in silicon oil. The MIP nanoparticles were then embedded in a carbon paste (CP) electrode in order to prepare the nano-MIP-CP electrode. Timolol was extracted in the electrode for a definite time and then it was analyzed by square wave voltammetry, found to be an effective determination method...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532009/exploring-recent-developments-to-improve-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-antimicrobial-efficacy-of-curcumin-a-review-of-new-trends-and-future-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Zahid Hussain, Hnin Ei Thu, Muhammad Wahab Amjad, Fahad Hussain, Tarek A Ahmed, Shahzeb Khan
Curcumin derivatives have been well-documented due to their natural antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities. Curcuminoids have also gained widespread recognition due to their wide range of other activities which include anti-infective, anti-mutagenic, anticancer, anti-coagulant, antiarthrititc, and wound healing potential. Despite of having a wide range of activities, the inherent physicochemical characteristics (poor water solubility, low bioavailability, chemical instability, photodegradation, rapid metabolism and short half-life) of curcumin derivatives limit their pharmaceutical significance...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531996/poly-epsilon-caprolactone-nanoparticles-enhance-ursolic-acid-in-vivo-efficacy-against-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection
#7
Juliana Palma Abriata, Josimar O Eloy, Thalita Bachelli Riul, Patricia Mazureki Campos, Marcelo Dias Baruffi, Juliana Maldonado Marchetti
Despite affecting millions of people worldwide, Chagas disease is still neglected by the academia and industry and the therapeutic option available, benznidazole, presents limited efficacy and side effects. Within this context, ursolic acid may serve as an option for treatment, however has low bioavailability, which can be enhanced through the encapsulation in polymeric nanoparticles. Therefore, herein we developed ursolic acid-loaded nanoparticles with poly-ε-caprolactone by the nanoprecipitation method and characterized them for particle size, zeta potential, polydispersity, encapsulation efficiency, morphology by scanning electron microscopy and thermal behavior by differential scanning calorimetry...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531648/cationic-surfactant-blocks-radical-inhibiting-sites-on-silica
#8
Tan Zhang, Frank D Blum
Surfactant-catalyzed room-temperature radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) was conducted in the presence of fumed silica nanoparticles and water. Three types of surfactants, cationic (CTAB), nonionic (Triton X-100) or anionic (SDS), were used to catalyze the decomposition of the initiator, 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN). The surfactant-catalyzed decomposition rate constant for AIBN at room temperature was found to be independent of the surfactant type. However, the rates of polymerization of the MMA emulsion gels at room temperature were found to depend on the types of surfactant with: cationic>nonionic>anionic...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530194/solvent-effect-in-the-synthesis-of-hydrophobic-drug-loaded-polymer-nanoparticles
#9
Sandip Pal, Chabita Saha
Quercetin is an abundant flavonoid in fruits, vegetables such as onion, tea leaves, cranberry, radish leaves etc. with numerous biological activities and widely used as an effective antioxidant. Its low solubility in water and chemical decomposition in intestinal environment are predicaments in delivery through dietary or oral intake. Noble polymeric nanoparticles are of particular interest today because of their applications in many areas. Polymer nanoparticles have attracted the interest of many research groups and have been utilised in an increasing number of fields such as site targeted drug delivery in cancer research during the last decades...
June 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530192/preparation-structural-characterisation-and-release-study-of-novel-hybrid-microspheres-entrapping-nanoselenium-produced-by-green-synthesis
#10
Simona Cavalu, Jόszef Prokisch, Vasile Laslo, Simona Vicas
The main goal of this study was to synthesise and characterise different formulations based on alginate and alginate/chitosan microspheres containing nanoselenium (nano-Se) for controlled delivery applications. Nanosize elemental selenium was produced by using probiotic yogurt bacteria (Lactobacillus casei) in a fermentation procedure. The structural and morphological characterisation of the microspheres was performed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis...
June 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530093/iron-oxide-nanoparticles-powered-micro-optical-coherence-tomography-for-in-situ-imaging-the-penetration-and-swelling-of-polymeric-microneedles-in-skin
#11
Razina Z Seeni, Xiaojun Yu, Hao Chang, Peng Chen, Linbo Liu, Chenjie Xu
In recent years, polymeric microneedles (MNs) have attracted keen interests among researchers for their applicability in transdermal drug delivery and interstitial skin fluid (ISF) extraction. When design and characterize such devices, it is critical to monitor their real-time in vitro and in vivo performances to optimize the desired effects, yet most of the existing methods are incapable of such functions. To address this unmet need, we develop a real-time non-invasive imaging methodology by integrating iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles into polymeric MNs to enhance image contrast for micro-optical coherence tomography (µOCT) imaging...
May 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529382/reversibly-manipulating-the-surface-chemistry-of-polymeric-nanostructures-via-a-grafting-to-approach-mediated-by-nucleobase-interactions
#12
Zan Hua, Robert Keogh, Zhen Li, Thomas R Wilks, Guosong Chen, Rachel K O'Reilly
"Grafting to" polymeric nanostructures or surfaces is a simple and versatile approach to achieve functionalization. Herein, we describe the formation of mixed polymer-grafted nanoparticles through a supramolecular "grafting to" method that exploits multiple hydrogen-bonding interactions between the thymine (T)-containing cores of preformed micelles and the complementary nucleobase adenine (A) of added diblock copolymers. To demonstrate this new "grafting to" approach, mixed-corona polymeric nanoparticles with different sizes were prepared by the addition of a series of complementary diblock copolymers containing thermoresponsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) to a preformed micelle with a different coronal forming block, poly(4-acryloylmorpholine) (PNAM)...
May 9, 2017: Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527828/buffer-formulation-affects-the-interaction-between-lysozyme-and-polymeric-nanoparticles
#13
Martin Lundqvist, Celia Cabaleiro-Lago
The effect of the buffer formulation in terms of buffer identity and ionic strength on the interaction between chicken egg lysozyme and carboxyl-modified polystyrene nanoparticles has been systematically studied. The time evolution of the fluorescence of a reporter molecule shows that lysozyme interacts with the nanoparticles in all the studied conditions. The interaction results in changes in protein conformation and decrease of the colloidal stability of nanoparticles. In absence of a background salt the rate of adsorption is affected mainly by the ionic strength of the buffer solution, although, specific buffer effects may contribute to a certain extent...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527243/-synthesis-of-antibiotic-loaded-polylactic-acid-nanoparticles-and-their-antibacterial-activity-against-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-and-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#14
Mónica Tatiana Herrera, Jhon Jhamilton Artunduaga, Claudia Cristina Ortiz, Rodrigo Gonzalo Torres
INTRODUCTION: Polymeric nanoparticles are promising nanotechnology tools to fight pathogenic bacteria resistant to conventional antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize polylactic acid nanoparticles loaded with ofloxacin and vancomycin, and to determine their antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We synthesized ofloxacin or vancomycin loaded polylactic acid nanoparticles by the emulsification-solvent evaporation method, and characterized them by dynamic light scattering, laser Doppler electrophoresis and scanning electron microscopy...
January 24, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526349/in-vivo-evaluation-of-toxicity-and-antiviral-activity-of-polyrhodanine-nanoparticles-by-using-the-chicken-embryo-model
#15
Ahmad Nazaktabar, Mohammad Soleimani Lashkenari, Atefeh Araghi, Mohsen Ghorbani, Hannaneh Golshahi
Evaluation of the potential cytotoxicity of polyrhodanine nanoparticles is an important factor for its biological applications. In current study, for the first time histopathological and biochemical analysis of polyrhodanine besides of its antiviral activity against Newcastle disease virus (NDV) were examined on chicken embryo model. Polyrhodanine was synthesized by the chemical oxidative polymerization method. The obtained nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR)...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525957/determining-dominant-driving-forces-affecting-controlled-protein-release-from-polymeric-nanoparticles
#16
Josh Smith, Kayla G Sprenger, Rick Liao, Andrea Joseph, Elizabeth Nance, Jim Pfaendtner
Enzymes play a critical role in many applications in biology and medicine as potential therapeutics. One specific area of interest is enzyme encapsulation in polymer nanostructures, which have applications in drug delivery and catalysis. A detailed understanding of the mechanisms governing protein/polymer interactions is crucial for optimizing the performance of these complex systems for different applications. Using a combined computational and experimental approach, this study aims to quantify the relative importance of molecular and mesoscale driving forces to protein release from polymeric nanoparticles...
May 19, 2017: Biointerphases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524873/mesoporous-metallic-rhodium-nanoparticles
#17
Bo Jiang, Cuiling Li, Ömer Dag, Hideki Abe, Toshiaki Takei, Tsubasa Imai, Md Shahriar A Hossain, Md Tofazzal Islam, Kathleen Wood, Joel Henzie, Yusuke Yamauchi
Mesoporous noble metals are an emerging class of cutting-edge nanostructured catalysts due to their abundant exposed active sites and highly accessible surfaces. Although various noble metal (e.g. Pt, Pd and Au) structures have been synthesized by hard- and soft-templating methods, mesoporous rhodium (Rh) nanoparticles have never been generated via chemical reduction, in part due to the relatively high surface energy of rhodium (Rh) metal. Here we describe a simple, scalable route to generate mesoporous Rh by chemical reduction on polymeric micelle templates [poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(methyl methacrylate) (PEO-b-PMMA)]...
May 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524813/a-multifunctional-nanocomplex-for-enhanced-cell-uptake-endosomal-escape-and-improved-cancer-therapeutic-effect
#18
Patrick V Almeida, Mohammad-Ali Shahbazi, Alexandra Correia, Ermei Mäkilä, Marianna Kemell, Jarno Salonen, Jouni Hirvonen, Hélder A Santos
AIM: To evaluate the chemotherapeutic potential of a novel multifunctional nanocomposite encapsulating both porous silicon (PSi) and gold (Au) nanoparticles in a polymeric nanocomplex. MATERIALS & METHODS: The nanocomposite was physicochemically characterized and evaluated in vitro for biocompatibility, cellular internalization, endosomolytic properties, cytoplasmatic drug delivery and chemotherapeutic efficacy. RESULTS: The nanocomposites were successfully produced and exhibited adequate physicochemical properties and superior in vitro cyto- and hemocompatibilities...
May 19, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524759/delivery-of-sirna-silencing-p-gp-in-peptide-functionalized-nanoparticles-causes-efflux-modulation-at-the-blood-brain-barrier
#19
Maria João Gomes, Patrick J Kennedy, Susana Martins, Bruno Sarmento
AIM: Explore the use of transferrin-receptor peptide-functionalized nanoparticles (NPs) targeting blood-brain barrier (BBB) as siRNA carriers to silence P-glycoprotein (P-gp). MATERIALS & METHODS: Permeability experiments were assessed through a developed BBB cell-based model; P-gp mRNA expression was evaluated in vitro; rhodamine 123 permeability was assessed after cell monolayer treatment with siRNA NPs. RESULTS: Beyond their ability to improve siRNA permeability through the BBB by twofold, 96-h post-transfection, functionalized polymeric NPs successfully reduced P-gp mRNA expression up to 52%, compared with nonfunctionalized systems...
May 19, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522424/cyclodextrin-based-nanocarriers-containing-a-synergic-drug-combination-a-potential-formulation-for-pulmonary-administration-of-antitubercular-drugs
#20
Giuseppina Salzano, Jitendra Wankar, Stefano Ottani, Baptiste Villemagne, Alain R Baulard, Nicolas Willand, Priscille Brodin, Ilse Manet, Ruxandra Gref
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health problem. The use of ethionamide (ETH), a main second line drug, is associated to severe toxic side-effects due to its low therapeutic index. In this challenging context, "booster" molecules have been synthetized to increase the efficacy of ETH. However, the administration of ETH/booster pair is mostly hampered by the low solubility of these drugs and the tendency of ETH to crystallize. Here, ETH and a poorly water-soluble booster, so-called BDM43266, were simultaneously loaded in polymeric β-cyclodextrin nanoparticles (pβCyD NPs) following a "green" protocol...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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