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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652708/controlled-release-nanoencapsulating-microcapsules-to-combat-inflammatory-diseases
#1
Jong-Suep Baek, Eng Wan Yeo, Yin Hao Lee, Nguan Soon Tan, Say Chye Joachim Loo
The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that globally 235 million people suffer from chronic and other inflammatory diseases. The short half-lives of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and their notoriety in causing gastrointestinal discomforts, warrants these drugs to be released in a controlled and sustained manner. Although polymeric particles have been widely used for drug delivery, there are few reports that showcase their ability in encapsulating and sustaining the release of NSAIDs...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652141/andrographolide-loaded-nanoparticles-for-brain-delivery-formulation-characterisation-and-in-vitro-permeability-using-hcmec-d3-cell-line
#2
Clizia Guccione, Mouhssin Oufir, Vieri Piazzini, Daniela Elisabeth Eigenmann, Evelyn Andrea Jähne, Volha Zabela, Maria Teresa Faleschini, Maria Camilla Bergonzi, Martin Smiesko, Matthias Hamburger, Anna Rita Bilia
Andrographolide (AG) is a major diterpenoid of the Asian medicinal plant Andrographis paniculata which has shown exciting pharmacological potential for the treatment of inflammation-related pathologies including neurodegenerative disorders. Conversely, the low bioavailability of AG still represents a limiting factor for its use. To overcome these limitations, AG was loaded into human serum albumin based nanoparticles (HSA NPs) and poly ethylcyanoacrylate nanoparticles (PECA NPs). HSA NPs were prepared by thermal (HSAT AG NPs) and chemical cross-linking (HSAC AG NPs), while PECA AG NPs were produced by emulsion-polymerization...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650116/polymeric-drug-delivery-systems-for-intraoral-site-specific-chemoprevention-of-oral-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Kashappa Goud H Desai
Oral cancer is among the most prevalent cancers in the world. Moreover, it is one of the major health problems and causes of death in many regions of the world. The traditional treatment modalities include surgical removal, radiation therapy, systemic chemotherapy, or a combination of these methods. In recent decades, there has been significant interest in intraoral site-specific chemoprevention via local drug delivery using polymeric systems. Because of its easy accessibility and clear visibility, the oral mucosa is amenable for local drug delivery...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649641/multifunctional-poly-amine-co-ester-co-ortho-ester-for-efficient-and-safe-gene-delivery
#4
Junwei Zhang, Jiajia Cui, Yang Deng, Zhaozhong Jiang, W Mark Saltzman
Cationic polymers are used for non-viral gene delivery, but current materials lack the functionality to address the multiple barriers involved in gene delivery. Here we describe the rational design and synthesis of a new family of quaterpolymers with unprecedented multifunctionality: acid sensitivity, low cationic charge, high hydrophobicity, and biodegradability, all of which are essential for efficient and safe gene delivery. The polymers were synthesized via lipase-catalyzed polymerization of ortho ester diester, lactone, dialkyl diester, and amino diol monomers...
November 14, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645034/formation-of-hematite-nanoparticle-monolayers-of-controlled-coverage-and-structure-at-polymeric-microparticles
#5
Marta Sadowska, Zbigniew Adamczyk, Małgorzata Nattich-Rak
The deposition of hematite nanoparticles (22nm and 29nm in diameter) on negatively charged polystyrene microspheres (820nm in diameter) was studied by micro-electrophoretic measurements and AFM. The influence of ionic strength, varied between 10(-4) and 10(-2)M, was determined. Initially, the electrophoretic mobility change of microspheres upon the addition of controlled amount of hematite nanoparticles were measured. These dependencies were quantitatively interpreted in terms of the general electrokinetic model...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644821/zirconium-oxocluster-polymer-hybrid-nanoparticles-prepared-by-photoactivated-miniemulsion-copolymerization
#6
Cesare Benedetti, Paraskevi Flouda, Alice Antonello, Christine Rosenauer, Francisco F Perez-Pla, Katharina Landfester, Silvia Gross, Rafael Munoz-Espi
Photoactivated free radical miniemulsion copolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and the zirconium oxocluster Zr4O2(methacrylate)12 is used as an effective and fast preparation method of polymer/inorganic hybrid nanoparticles. The oxoclusters, covalently anchored to the polymer network, act as metal-organic cross-linkers, thus improving the thermomechanical properties of the resulting hybrid nanoparticles. Benzoin carbonyl organic compounds were used as photoinitiators. The obtained materials are compared in terms of cross-linking, effectiveness of cluster incorporation, and size distribution with the analogous nanoparticles produced by using conventional thermally-induced free radical miniemulsion copolymerization...
June 23, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638764/small-molecule-dengue-virus-co-imprinting-and-its-application-as-an-electrochemical-sensor
#7
Wannisa Sukjee, Chompoonuch Tancharoen, Pa-Thai Yenchitsomanus, M Paul Gleeson, Chak Sangma
Polymers can be synthesized to recognize small molecules. This is achieved by introducing the target molecule during monomer self-assembly, where they can be incorporated during cross-linking polymerization. Following additional pre-processing, the material obtained can then be applied as a sensing layer for these molecules in many applications. The sensitivity of the polymers depends on the "active sites" imprinted on the surface. Increasing the number of active sites on the polymers surface can be achieved by using nanoparticles as a platform to support and concentrate the molecules for imprinting...
June 2017: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636389/tumor-microenvironment-responsive-multistaged-nanoplatform-for-systemic-rnai-and-cancer-therapy
#8
Xiaoding Xu, Phei Er Saw, Wei Tao, Yujing Li, Xiaoyuan Ji, Mikyung Yu, Morteza Mahmoudi, Jonathan Rasmussen, Dana Ayyash, Yuxiao Zhou, Omid C Farokhzad, Jinjun Shi
While RNA interference (RNAi) therapy has demonstrated significant potential for cancer treatment, the effective and safe systemic delivery of RNAi agents such as small interfering RNA (siRNA) into tumor cells in vivo remains challenging. We herein reported a unique multistaged siRNA delivery nanoparticle (NP) platform, which is comprised of (i) a polyethylene glycol (PEG) surface shell, (ii) a sharp tumor microenvironment (TME) pH-responsive polymer that forms the NP core, and (iii) charge-mediated complexes of siRNA and tumor cell-targeting- and penetrating-peptide-amphiphile (TCPA) that are encapsulated in the NP core...
June 26, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632379/intracellular-delivery-platform-for-recalcitrant-cells-when-polymeric-carrier-marries-photoporation
#9
Jingxian Wu, Hui Xue, Zhonglin Lyu, Zhenhua Li, Yangcui Qu, Yajun Xu, Lei Wang, Qian Yu, Hong Chen
The intracellular delivery of exogenous macromolecules is of great interest for both fundamental biological research and clinical applications. Although traditional delivery systems based on either carrier mediation or membrane disruption have some advantages; however, they are generally limited with respect to delivery efficiency and cytotoxicity. Herein, a collaborative intracellular delivery platform with excellent comprehensive performance is developed using polyethylenimine of low molecular weight (LPEI) as a gene carrier in conjunction with a gold nanoparticle layer (GNPL) acting as a photoporation agent...
June 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631928/free-energy-of-nanoparticle-binding-to-multivalent-polymeric-substrates
#10
Chad Gu, Rob D Coalson, David Jasnow, Anton Zilman
Characterization of the interactions between nanosize ligands and polymeric substrates is important for predictive design of nanomaterials and in biophysical applications. The multivalent nature of the polymer-nanoparticle interaction and the dynamics of multiple internal conformations of the polymer chains makes it difficult to infer microscopic interactions from macroscopic binding assays. Using coarse-grained simulations, we estimate the free energy of binding between a nanoparticle and a surface-grafted polymeric substrate as a function of pertinent parameters such as polymer chain length, nanoparticle size, and microscopic polymer-nanoparticle attraction...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629982/polymeric-nanoparticles-promising-platform-for-drug-delivery
#11
REVIEW
Khalid M El-Say, Hossam S El-Sawy
Nano medicine had viewed countless breakthroughs in drug delivery implementations. The main objective of nanotechnology application in delivering and carrying many promising therapeutics is to assure drugs carriage to their action sites, to maximize the pharmacological desired influence of remedies and to overcome their limitations and drawbacks that would hinder the required effectiveness. One of these applications was the particulates type of nano-range in size and tremendous impact in achievement. About this specific diversity of particulates, the different elaboration methodologies, mandatory and elementary components for design, and examples of splendid success stories for these particulates were emphasized in this humble review...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629803/development-of-mpc-dpa-polymeric-nanoparticle-systems-for-inhalation-drug-delivery-applications
#12
Abdul Khaliq Elzhry Elyafi, Guy Standen, Steven T Meikle, Andrew L Lewis, Jonathan P Salvage
Inhalation of nanoparticles for pulmonary drug delivery offers the potential to harness nanomedicine formulations of emerging therapeutics, such as curcumin, for treatment of lung cancer. Biocompatible nanoparticles composed of poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine)-b-poly(2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (MPC-DPA) have been shown to be suitable nanocarriers for drugs, whilst N-trimethyl chitosan chloride (TMC) coating of nanoparticles has been reported to further enhance their cellular delivery efficacy; the combination of the two has not been previously investigated...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629084/facilitation-of-transscleral-drug-delivery-by-drug-loaded-magnetic-polymeric-particles
#13
Zeynab Mousavikhamene, Mohammad J Abdekhodaie, Hamid Ahmadieh
A unique method was used to facilitate ocular drug delivery from periocular route by drug loaded magnetic sensitive particles. Injection of particles in periocular space along the eye axis followed by application of magnetic field in front of the eye would trigger the magnetic polymeric particles to move along the direction of magnetic force and reside against the outer surface of the sclera. This technique prevents removal of drug in the periocular space, observed in conventional transscleral drug delivery systems and hence higher amount of drug can enter the eye in a longer period of time...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629058/photo-induced-surface-grafting-of-phosphorylcholine-containing-copolymers-onto-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-for-controlled-drug-delivery
#14
Liucheng Mao, Meiying Liu, Long Huang, Dazhuang Xu, Qing Wan, Guangjian Zeng, Yanfeng Dai, Yuanqing Wen, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yen Wei
Surface modification of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with functional polymers has become one of the most interest topics over the last decade. Among various surface modification strategies, surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) has been regarded as one of the most effective methods. However, the typical ATRP strategy is relied on the transition metal ions and their organic ligands as the polymerization catalyst systems. In this work, a novel surface-initiated ATRP method was established for surface functionalization of MSNs using 10-Phenylphenothiazine (PTH) as the catalyst, 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) and itaconic acid (IA) as the monomers...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629057/a-facile-strategy-for-fabrication-of-aggregation-induced-emission-aie-active-fluorescent-polymeric-nanoparticles-fpns-via-post-modification-of-synthetic-polymers-and-their-cell-imaging
#15
Yanzhu Liu, Liucheng Mao, Xinhua Liu, Meiying Liu, Dazhuang Xu, Ruming Jiang, Fengjie Deng, Yongxiu Li, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yen Wei
Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) active fluorescent polymeric nanoparticles (FPNs) have recently emerged as the promising nanoprobes for biological imaging for their intensive fluorescence, good photostability, desirable biocompatibility and well designability of structure and optical properties. Herein, we proposed a novel strategy for fabrication of AIE-active FPNs through the post modification of synthetic copolymers to form Schiff base. The size, morphology, optical properties and biocompatibility as well as cell uptake behavior were evaluated in detailed...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629054/synthesis-and-cell-imaging-applications-of-amphiphilic-aie-active-poly-amino-acid-s
#16
Jianwen Tian, Ruming Jiang, Peng Gao, Dazhuang Xu, Liucheng Mao, Guangjian Zeng, Meiying Liu, Fengjie Deng, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yen Wei
The poly(amino acid)s based biomaterials have attracted great research attention over the past few decades because of their biocompatibility, biodegradability and well designability. Although much progress has achieved in the synthesis and biomedical applications of poly(amino acid)s, the synthesis of luminescent poly(amino acid)s has been rarely reported. In this work, novel amphiphilic luminescent poly(amino acid)s with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) feature have been synthesized by a new approach of controlling N-carboxy anhydride (NCA) ring-opening polymerization, in which hydrophobic 2-(4-aminophenyl)-3-(10-hexadecyl-4H-phenothiazin-3-yl)acrylonitrile (Phe-NH2) with AIE feature was used as initiator and hydrophilic oligomeric glycol functionalized glutamate (OEG-glu) NCA was acted as monomer...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627897/multicolour-electrochromic-film-based-on-a-tio2-poly-ni-salen-nanocomposite-with-excellent-electrochemical-stability
#17
Marta Nunes, Cosme Moura, Robert Hillman, Cristina Freire
We report the electrochromic properties of a polymeric nanocomposite prepared by potentiodynamic deposition of the transition metal complex [Ni(3-Mesalen)], designated as [1], in the presence of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) with average size of 9.7 ± 1.1 nm. Entrapment of TiO2 NPs in the poly[1] matrix was confirmed by several techniques. The nanocomposite TiO2@poly[1] films showed similar electrochemical responses to the original (nanoparticle-free) poly[1] films, but with higher electroactive surface coverages (), showing the advantage of the nanocomposite preparation...
June 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627544/anchoring-ceria-nanoparticles-on-graphene-oxide-and-their-radical-scavenge-properties-under-gamma-irradiation-environment
#18
Wei Xia, Jun Zhao, Tao Wang, Li Song, Hao Gong, Hu Guo, Bing Gao, Xiaoli Fan, Jianping He
Polymer networks such as those of epoxy resin, as common protection materials, possess radiolytic oxidation degradation effects under gamma irradiation environment, which have a great accelerating effect on the ageing rate and severely limit their potential applications for metal protection in the nuclear industry. To overcome this, we report a simple scheme of anchoring crystalline ceria nanoparticles onto graphene sheets (CG) and incorporate it into the epoxy resin, followed by thermal polymerization to obtain CeO2/graphene-epoxy nanocomposite coating (CGNS)...
June 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626247/time-resolved-saxs-studies-of-the-kinetics-of-thermally-triggered-release-of-encapsulated-silica-nanoparticles-from-block-copolymer-vesicles
#19
Charlotte J Mable, Matthew J Derry, Kate L Thompson, Lee A Fielding, Oleksandr O Mykhaylyk, Steven P Armes
Silica-loaded poly(glycerol monomethacrylate)-poly(2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate) diblock copolymer vesicles are prepared in the form of concentrated aqueous dispersions via polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA). As the concentration of silica nanoparticles present during the PISA synthesis is increased up to 35% w/w, higher degrees of encapsulation of this component within the vesicles can be achieved. After centrifugal purification to remove excess non-encapsulated silica nanoparticles, SAXS, DCP, and TGA analysis indicates encapsulation of up to hundreds of silica nanoparticles per vesicle...
June 13, 2017: Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624660/comparative-study-on-radiolabeling-and-biodistribution-of-core-shell-silver-polymeric-nanoparticles-based-theranostics-for-tumor-targeting
#20
Nourihan S Farrag, Hanan A El-Sabagh, Abdulaziz M Al-Mahallawi, Abeer M Amin, Ahmed AbdEl-Bary, Wael Mamdouh
A simple and rapid method for radiolabeling of three types of Ag NPs has been performed using (125)I isotope, with high labeling yields, >90% without disturbing the optical properties. All the factors affecting labeling yield were studied. In order to monitor the in-vivo tissue uptake of radiolabeled Ag NPs using γ-rays, Ag-based radioiodo-NPs with a maximum labeling yield were intravenously injected in normal and solid tumor bearing mice. The preliminary biodistribution study revealed that this new radioiodo-NPs have a high affinity to be localized in the tumor site for a long period of time...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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