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goat muscle

Xu Zhou, Yinlong Zhang, Hongfei Wang, Bin Zhao, Jinling Wang, Guoliang Yan, Shuangyue Xu, Yuanyuan Zhou, Hongyi Liu, Yifei Zheng, Wei Quan, Jianyin Zhou, Yun Liu, Maochuan Zhen, Xuan Zhu, Yilin Zhao
To develop tissue-engineered arteries (TEAs) with collateral arteries(CAs) in ischemic hind limb goat models(IHLMs). The IHLMs created by removing femoral arteries were divided into non-treated control group(NG); non-catheter group (NCG) in which TEA was anastomosed to external iliac artery(EIA), and surrounded with collagen sponge containing autologous MSCs and VEGF-gelatin microspheres, the distal end of TEA was ligated; catheter group(CG) which received the same procedure as NCG, also received heparin infusion through catheter in EIA...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Denbela Hidosa, Adugna Tolera, Ajebu Nurfeta
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of lablab and pigeon pea leaf supplementation on feed intake, digestibility, weight gain, and carcass characteristics of goats fed a basal diet of haricot bean haulms. Thirty-two yearling intact male goats with an average initial body weight of 14.4 ± 1.04 kg (Means ± SD) were assigned to one of the four treatments in a randomized complete block design. The dietary treatments were 17.5% lablab + 17.5% pigeon pea leaf + 63% wheat bran (T1), 35% pigeon leaf + 63% wheat bran (T2), 35% lablab leaf + 63% wheat bran (T3), and 88% wheat bran + 10% noug seed cake (T4)...
March 2, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Ying-Hui Ling, Meng-Hua Sui, Qi Zheng, Kang-Yan Wang, Hao Wu, Wen-Yong Li, Yong Liu, Ming-Xing Chu, Fu-Gui Fang, Li-Na Xu
This study found that miR-27 is expressed in muscle and regulates muscle proliferation and differentiation. We explored the function and regulatory mechanism of miR-27b in goat muscle proliferation and differentiation. Compared with the Boer goat, higher expression of miR-27b was observed in all of the collected muscle tissues of Anhuai goat, excluding the kidney, whereas the opposite expression pattern was observed for Pax3, which showed lower expression in Anhuai goat. Expression of miR-27b decreased gradually during the proliferation of skeletal muscle satellite cells in Anhuai goat and increased during differentiation; however, the expression pattern of Pax3 was opposite...
March 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Efthalia Kerasioti, Dimitrios Stagos, Aristides M Tsatsakis, Demetrios A Spandidos, Ioannis Taitzoglou, Demetrios Kouretas
The purpose of the present study is to estimate the effects of sheep/goat whey protein dietary supplementation on the redox status of blood and tissues of rats. Twelve male Wistar rats were divided into the control group (standard commercial diet) and whey group [standard commercial diet + sheep/goat whey protein (1 g kg b.w/day)] (6 rats/group). The animals were maintainted on their respective diet for 28 days. At the end of the experimental period, reduced glutathione, catalase activity, total antioxidant capacity, thiobarbituric reactive substances, protein carbonyls and the decomposition rate of H2O2 were measured in blood and tissues of rats...
February 20, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
B T Green, S T Lee, J W Keele, K D Welch, D Cook, J A Pfister, W R Kem
Four chemically similar alkaloids, anabasine, anabaseine, epibatidine and dimethylphenylpiperazinium (DMPP), are potent nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists of fetal muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in human TE-671 cells. Based on results with these cells, we hypothesized that the alkaloids would completely inhibit ultrasound-monitored fetal movement in a goat model. Different, single doses of anabasine, anabaseine, epibatidine, DMPP, or saline control were administered I.V. to pregnant goats on day 40 of gestation and the number of fetal movements per 5 min sample was measured by ultrasound at times 0, 0...
February 13, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
X Wang, Y Niu, J Zhou, H Zhu, B Ma, H Yu, H Yan, J Hua, X Huang, L Qu, Y Chen
Genetic engineering in livestock has been greatly enhanced through the use of artificial programmed nucleases such as the recently emerged clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated 9 (Cas9) system. We recently reported our successful application of the CRISPR/Cas9 system to engineer the goat genome through micro-injection of Cas9 mRNA and sgRNAs targeting MSTN and FGF5 in goat embryos. The phenotypes induced by edited loss-of-function mutations of MSTN remain to be evaluated extensively...
February 2018: Animal Genetics
Tertius S Brand, Daniel A Van Der Merwe, Louwrens C Hoffman, Greta Geldenhuys
The palatability and chemical composition of Longissimus lumborum muscles from 24 Boer goat castrates (eight goats per treatment), finished on diets varying in energy content (9.7, 10.2 and 10.6MJ ME/kg feed), were evaluated by a trained sensory panel on a line scale ranging from low to high intensity for aroma, flavour and texture attributes. Physical measurements as well as proximate analysis were performed for each sample. No differences (P>0.05) were found between the dietary treatments for any of the attributes analysed...
January 30, 2018: Meat Science
Natália L O Fonteles, Susana P Alves, Marta Suely Madruga, Rita R E Queiroga, Albericio P Andrade, Divan S Silva, Amanda P Leal, Rui J B Bessa, Ariosvaldo N Medeiros
Thirty six male goats grazing Caatinga native pasture were randomly assigned to 4 concentrate supplementation levels (0, 5, 10 and 15g/kg of body weight) and slaughtered after 120days. Longissimus muscle meat lipids were extracted and fractionated into neutral (NL) and polar (PL) lipids. Supplementation of grazing goats increased linearly (P<0.05) intramuscular fat (1 to 1.5% of meat) and NL (0.3 to 1% of meat) but decreased linearly (P=0.044) the PL (0.66 to 0.50% of meat). On NL, supplementation increased linearly (P=0...
February 3, 2018: Meat Science
Ana Paula S Possamai, Claudete R Alcalde, Andresa C Feihrmann, Ana Cássia S Possamai, Robson M Rossi, Bruno Lala, Stefania C Claudino-Silva, Francisco de Assis F Macedo
This work aims at evaluating shelf life of meat from Boer-Saanen cross goats fed on diets containing vitamin E. Thirty-five feedlot-fed goats with an initial body weight of 21.6±2.8kg were subjected to four treatments in a completely randomized design: a control treatment with vitamin E plus others containing 50, 150, and 450mg dl-α-tocopherol acetate/kg DM. Longissimus lumborum (LL) muscle samples were stored at temperatures between 4 and 6°C during 15days, and evaluated for lipid peroxidation using the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) method and for visual acceptance by consumers by different survival analysis techniques...
January 12, 2018: Meat Science
Linjie Wang, Ke Xue, Yan Wang, Lili Niu, Li Li, Tao Zhong, Jiazhong Guo, Jing Feng, Tianzeng Song, Hongping Zhang
Objective: It is commonly accepted that adiponectin binds to its two receptors to regulate fatty acid metabolism in adipocytes. To better understand their functions in the regulation of intramuscular adipogenesis in goats, we cloned the three genes (AdipoQ, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) encoding these proteins and detected their mRNA distribution in different tissues. We also determined the role of AdipoQ in the adipogenic differentiation of goat skeletal muscle satellite cells (SMSCs). Methods: SMSCs were isolated using 1 mg/ml Pronase E from the longissimus dorsi muscles of 3-day-old female Nanjiang brown goats...
January 30, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
P Gómez-Ramírez, P J Jiménez-Montalbán, D Delgado, E Martínez-López, P María-Mojica, A Godino, A J García-Fernández
Antibiotics have been beneficial for human and animal health. However, an excessive use in livestock and a deficient management of the carcasses can lead to adverse effects in the scavengers that ingest them, especially in "supplementary feeding sites" (SFS). The aim of this study was to assess the potential risk of exposure to antibiotics for an endangered population of Cinereous vultures (Aegypius monachus) from southeastern Portugal. Hence, a multi-residue method based on QuEChERs was adapted and validated to analyse, in small volumes of tissues, the most frequent antibiotics used in livestock...
January 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Emmanuel Temiotan Ogbomida, Shouta M M Nakayama, Nesta Bortey-Sam, Balazs Oroszlany, Isioma Tongo, Alex Ajeh Enuneku, Ogbeide Ozekeke, Martins Oshioriamhe Ainerua, Iriagbonse Priscillia Fasipe, Lawrence Ikechukwu Ezemonye, Hazuki Mizukawa, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Mayumi Ishizuka
The use of free range animals for monitoring environmental health offers opportunities to detect exposure and assess the toxicological effects of pollutants in terrestrial ecosystems. Potential human health risk of dietary intake of metals and metalloid via consumption of offal and muscle of free range chicken, cattle and goats by the urban population in Benin City was evaluated. Muscle, gizzard, liver and kidney samples were analyzed for Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb concentrations using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) while Hg was determined using Hg analyzer...
January 9, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Lamei Wang, Bei Cai, Shiwei Zhou, Haijing Zhu, Lei Qu, Xiaolong Wang, Yulin Chen
Myostatin (MSTN) is a powerful negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass in mammalian species that is primarily expressed in skeletal muscles, and mutations of its encoding gene can result in the double-muscling trait. In this study, the CRISPR/Cas9 technique was used to edit MSTN in Shaanbei Cashmere goats and generate knockout animals. RNA sequencing was used to determine and compare the transcriptome profiles of the muscles from three wild-type (WT) goats, three fibroblast growth factor 5 (FGF5) knockout goats (FGF5+/- group) and three goats with disrupted expression of both the FGF5 and MSTN genes (FM+/- group)...
2017: PloS One
Mohammad Omer Faruk, A M A M Zonaed Siddiki, Md Shafiqul Islam, Azizunnesa Rekha, Sharmin Chowdhury, Md Masuduzzaman, Mohammad Alamgir Hossain
Aim: This study was performed to identify the non-cerebral Taenia multiceps cyst through molecular phylogeny of the 12S rRNA gene. Materials and Methods: Eight cyst samples were collected from 385 examined slaughtered goats during October 2015-September 2016 from three slaughterhouses in Chittagong City Corporation. Cysts were removed from the thigh muscle, and scolices were collected for light microscopic examination and molecular identification. The DNA was extracted and analyzed by polymerase chain reaction using 12S rRNA gene primers...
October 2017: Veterinary World
Jiqing Wang, Longjie Che, Jon G H Hickford, Huitong Zhou, Zhiyun Hao, Yuzhu Luo, Jiang Hu, Xiu Liu, Shaobin Li
The gene encoding the high glycine/tyrosine keratin-associated protein 20-2 (KAP20-2) gene has been described in humans, but has not been identified in any livestock species. A search for similar sequences in the caprine genome using the human KAP20-2 gene ( KRTAP20-2 ) revealed a homologous sequence on chromosome 1. Three different banding patterns representing distinct sequences ( A - C ) in Longdong cashmere goats were identified using polymerase chain reaction-single stranded conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis...
November 17, 2017: Genes
Rodolfo Ungerfeld, Daniela Casuriaga, Julia Giriboni, Aline Freitas-de-Melo, Patricia Silveira, Felipe Zandonadi Brandão
Electroejaculation (EE) is a widely used semen collection technique; but, it is stressful and painful for the animals. Considering these concerns, it may be important to develop practices to decrease the negative implications of EE on animals. Oxytocin and prostaglandin-F2alpha (PGF2α) stimulate the contractions of the muscles of the male genital tract. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of the administration of oxytocin and/or a PGF2α analogue (cloprostenol) to bucks in relation to their stress response and sperm parameters before semen collection by EE was performed...
February 2018: Theriogenology
Jian Fang, Yongjun Zhang
Icariin is a major bioactive pharmaceutical constituent isolated from Chinese medicine Horny Goat Weed (Ying Yang Huo) with potent cardiovascular protective functions. Emerging evidence in the past decade has shown that Icariin possesses multiple atheroprotective functions, through multiple mechanisms, including attenuating DNA damage, correcting endothelial dysfunction, inhibiting the proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells, repressing macrophage-derived foam cell formation and inflammatory responses, as well as preventing platelet activation...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Jennifer L Higgins, Mercedes Gonzalez-Juarrero, Richard A Bowen
Brucella melitensis is the causative agent of brucellosis in small ruminants and is of considerable economic and public health importance in many countries worldwide. The control of disease in humans depends on the control of disease in livestock; however, few counties with endemic B. melitensis infection have been able to successfully eradicate this pathogen. This underscores the need for further research on the pathogenesis of both virulent and vaccine strains of B. melitensis in the small ruminant host. The aim of the present study was to characterize clinical effects, tissue colonization, shedding, and humoral immune response following B...
2017: PloS One
Siyuan Zhan, Wei Zhao, Tianzeng Song, Yao Dong, Jiazhong Guo, Jiaxue Cao, Tao Zhong, Linjie Wang, Li Li, Hongping Zhang
Muscle growth and development from fetal to neonatal stages consist of a series of delicately regulated and orchestrated changes in expression of genes. In this study, we performed whole transcriptome profiling based on RNA-Seq of caprine longissimus dorsi muscle tissue obtained from prenatal stages (days 45, 60, and 105 of gestation) and neonatal stage (the 3-day-old newborn) to identify genes that are differentially expressed and investigate their temporal expression profiles. A total of 3276 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified (Q value < 0...
October 9, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Yujuan Yang, Xu Gu, Yingchao Dong, Junguo Li, Haiqiu Ni, Moyong Xue, Zhen Zhao, Zhiwei Sun, Yuchang Qin
In order to monitor salbutamol (SAL) use in goats as a repartitioning, we determined SAL residues in various tissues of goats after repeated oral SAL administration at a dose of 0.15 mg/kg daily for 21 days. SAL concentrations were measured by ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in extracts of tissues from goats sacrificed 0.25, 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after the last dose. Our results showed that on Day 0.25 of the withdrawal period, the residual proportions of SAL (expressed as percentage) in liver, kidney, lung, hair, stomachs and muscle were 19...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
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