keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

goat muscle

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462799/a-novel-physiological-testing-device-to-study-knee-biomechanics-in-vitro
#1
Fabian van de Bunt, Kaj S Emanuel, Thomas Wijffels, Peter N Kooren, Idsart Kingma, Theodoor H Smit
BACKGROUND: To properly study knee kinetics, kinematics and the effects of injury and surgical treatment in vitro, the knee should be constrained as little as possible, while imposing physiological loads. A novel dynamic biomechanical knee system (BKS) is presented here. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and reproducibility of the system and demonstrate its features with an Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) lesion model. METHODS: Six goat knees were used in the current study...
April 25, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458227/a-sensitive-and-validated-immunomagnetic-bead-based-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-for-analyzing-total-t-2-free-and-modified-toxins-in-shrimp-tissues
#2
Qi Deng, Mei Qiu, Yaling Wang, Pengli Lv, Chaojin Wu, Lijun Sun, Riying Ye, Defeng Xu, Ying Liu, Ravi Gooneratne
Accurate analyses of total T-2 (free and modified) in aquatic organisms including shrimp are important as the hazard caused by T-2 has been caught increasing attention. Therefore, acurate analysis of free T-2 especially of modified T-2 in shrimp tissues is important. A rapid, sensitive, and validated method for quantitative determination of free T-2 and modified T-2 toxin was developed using immunomagnetic-bead based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IMB-ELISA). Super paramagnetic particles with a carboxyl group activated by an ester method coupled with envelope antigen 3- acetylneosolaniol- hemisuccinate - ovalbumin (3-Ac-NEOS-HS-OVA) was used to form immunomagnetic beads which could bind to T-2 skeletal structure antibodies...
April 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446002/effects-of-fungal-lentinussajor-caju-treated-oil-palm-frond-on-performance-and-carcass-characteristics-in-finishing-goats
#3
Pin Chanjula, Vasun Petcharat, Anusorn Cherdthong
OBJECTIVE: This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of fungal treated oil palm fronds (FTOPF) on performance, carcass traits, meat quality, and muscle chemical composition. METHODS: Eighteen growing crossbred male goats (Thai Native×Anglo Nubian) with 18.7±2.0 kg of initial body weight (BW) were stratified and blocked by BW in a randomized complete block design. Three diets containing 30% of oil palm fronds (OPF) either untreated (UOPF) or treated with Lentinussajor-caju (FTOPF) with or without urea (FTOPFU) were used as roughage sources in total mixed rations (TMRs)...
June 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358646/short-hairpin-mediated-myostatin-knockdown-resulted-in-altered-expression-of-myogenic-regulatory-factors-with-enhanced-myoblast-proliferation-in-fetal-myoblast-cells-of-goats
#4
Rohit Kumar, Satyendra Pal Singh, Abhijit Mitra
Myostatin (MSTN) is a well-known negative regulator of skeletal muscle development. Reduced expression due to natural mutations in the coding region and knockout as well as knockdown of MSTN results in an increase in the muscle mass. In the present study, we demonstrated as high as 60 and 52% downregulation (p < 0.01) of MSTN mRNA and protein in the primary fetal myoblast cells of goats using synthetic shRNAs (n = 3), without any interferon response. We, for the first time, evaluated the effect of MSTN knockdown on the expression of MRFs (namely, MyoD, Myf5), follistatin (FST), and IGFs (IGF-1 & IGF-2) in goat myoblast cells...
March 30, 2017: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288753/proteomic-analysis-of-taenia-ovis-metacestodes-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#5
Yadong Zheng
Taenia ovis metacestodes reside in the muscle of sheep and goats, and may cause great economic loss due to condemnation of carcasses if not effectively controlled. Although advances have been made in the control of T. ovis infection, our knowledge of T. ovis biology is limited. Herein the protein profiling of T. ovis metacestodes was determined by liquid chromatography-linked tandem mass spectrometry. A total of 966 proteins were identified and 25.1% (188/748) were annotated to be associated with metabolic pathways...
March 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283013/-molecular-characterization-of-echinococcus-granulosus-isolates-obtained-from-different-hosts
#6
Emrah Erdoğan, Bora Özkan, Fatih Mutlu, Serkan Karaca, İzzet Şahin
Echinococcus granulosus is a parasite that can be seen throughout the world. So far, five species of genus Echinococcus have been identified as parasite in people: E.granulosus, E.multilocularis, E.vogeli, E.oligarthrus, E.shiquicus. Larval (metacestod) form of parasite settles in internal organs of hoofed animals (cattle, goats, pigs, horses, sheep, etc.) and human; the adult form is found in small intestine of final host, canine. Disease caused by parasite called as "Cystic echinococcosis" (CE) is an important health problem and causes economic losses in many countries including our country that livestock is common...
January 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176534/effects-of-piroxicam-on-tissue-distribution-of-sulfadimidine-in-west-african-dwarf-male-and-female-goats
#7
E I Akogwu, S A Saganuwan, P A Onyeyili
Cases of Stevens-Johnson syndrome have been increasingly reported in Nigeria by individuals who consumed meat products of animals especially goats injected sulfonamides. Hence, tissue distribution and residues of intramuscular sulfadimidine were studied in West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. Twenty goats divided into two groups of 10 each (five males; five females) weighing 10.4 ± 1.63 kg were administered intramuscular sulfadimidine (100 mg/kg body weight), and the second group was coadministered 5 mg/kg of piroxicam via right and left thigh muscle, respectively...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115030/effects-of-farm-management-practices-and-transport-duration-on-stress-response-and-meat-quality-traits-of-suckling-goat-kids
#8
M J Alcalde, M D Suárez, E Rodero, R Álvarez, M I Sáez, T F Martínez
Studies aimed to assess up to what extent farming and transport previous to slaughtering might affect physiology and meat quality in young goat kids are needed, with the ultimate purpose of promoting practices that minimize stress in these animals. In this regard the effects of on-farm management and transport duration on some physiological responses and meat quality parameters in goat kids were assessed. Two farms representing 'high' and 'low' welfare-friendly management practices were selected. In total, 32 suckling kids were withdrawn from each farm, transported by road for 2 or 6 h, and then slaughtered...
January 24, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002930/the-effects-of-grazing-system-and-floor-type-on-blood-biochemistry-growth-body-condition-score-and-carcass-characteristics-of-nguni-goats
#9
Allen Tapiwa Chikwanda, Voster Muchenje
The study was conducted to determine the effects of grazing management (tethering vs herding) and floor type (earth vs slatted) on the concentrations of blood metabolites, activity of creatine kinase, body weight (BW), body condition score (BCS) and carcass characteristics of castrated Nguni goats. Forty eight, 7 month old goats were randomly allocated to herding (H) and tethering (T) treatments and accommodated in pens with slatted (SF) and earth (EF) floors. The T and H treatments were imposed daily, for 5 months, between 0800- 1300 hours followed by penning...
December 17, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891064/proteomic-based-approach-for-characterizing-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-induced-oxidation-of-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-and-goat-capra-hircus-meat-myoglobins
#10
Naveena B Maheswarappa, K Usha Rani, Y Praveen Kumar, Vinayak V Kulkarni, Srikanth Rapole
BACKGROUND: Myoglobin (Mb) is a sarcoplasmic heme protein primarily responsible for meat color and its chemistry is species specific. 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a cytotoxic lipid derived aldehyde detected in meat and was reported to covalently adduct with nucleophilic histidine residues of Mb and predispose it to greater oxidation. However, no literature is available on characterization of lipid oxidation induced oxidation of Indian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and goat (Capra hircus) myoglobins...
2016: Proteome Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870918/time-dependent-impact-of-irreversible-electroporation-on-pancreas-liver-blood-vessels-and-nerves-a-systematic-review-of-experimental-studies
#11
J A Vogel, E van Veldhuisen, P Agnass, J Crezee, F Dijk, J Verheij, T M van Gulik, M R Meijerink, L G Vroomen, K P van Lienden, M G Besselink
INTRODUCTION: Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a novel ablation technique in the treatment of unresectable cancer. The non-thermal mechanism is thought to cause mostly apoptosis compared to necrosis in thermal techniques. Both in experimental and clinical studies, a waiting time between ablation and tissue or imaging analysis to allow for cell death through apoptosis, is often reported. However, the dynamics of the IRE effect over time remain unknown. Therefore, this study aims to summarize these effects in relation to the time between treatment and evaluation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798673/identification-and-expression-profiling-of-mirnaome-in-goat-longissimus-dorsi-muscle-from-prenatal-stages-to-a-neonatal-stage
#12
Jiazhong Guo, Wei Zhao, Siyuan Zhan, Li Li, Tao Zhong, Linjie Wang, Yao Dong, Hongping Zhang
Skeletal muscle development is a complex biological process regulated by numerous genes and non-coding RNAs, such as microRNAs (miRNAs). In the current study, we made use of the deep sequencing data from Jianzhou Da'er goat longissimus dorsi sampled on days 45, 60, and 105 of gestation, as well as day three after birth to identify miRNAs that regulate goat skeletal myogenesis, and examine their temporal expression profiles. A total of 410 known goat miRNAs, 752 miRNA homologs and 88 novel miRNAs were identified across four stages...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744371/distribution-and-depletion-of-ractopamine-in-goat-plasma-urine-and-various-muscle-tissues
#13
Zhen Zhao, Xu Gu, Xiaoou Su, Junguo Li, Jun Li, Yingchao Dong, Yujuan Yang, Ting Yao, Yuchang Qin
This study investigated the ractopamine (RAC) distribution and depletion process in goat plasma, urine and various muscle tissues which were associated with a potential risk for consumer health. The experiment was carried out in 21 goats (18 treated and 3 controls). Treated animals were administered orally a dose of 1 mg/kg body mass per day for 28 consecutive days and randomly sacrificed on Days 0.25, 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21 of the withdrawal period. RAC in goat samples was analyzed by using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry...
January 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743852/the-mixture-of-liquid-foam-soap-ethanol-and-citric-acid-as-a-new-fixative-preservative-solution-in-veterinary-anatomy
#14
Erkut Turan, Ozay Gules, Figen Sevil Kilimci, Mehmet Erkut Kara, Omer Gurkan Dilek, Seyyid Said Sabanci, Musa Tatar
The present study investigates the efficiency of liquid foam soap, ethanol, citric acid and benzalkonium chloride as a fixative-preservative solution (a soap-and ethanol-based fixing solution, or SEFS). In this study, ethanol serves as the fixative and preservative, liquid foam soap as the modifying agent, citric acid as the antioxidant and benzalkonium chloride as the disinfectant. The goat cadavers perfused with SEFS (n=8) were evaluated over a period of one year with respect to hardness, colour and odour using objective methods...
January 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741564/the-anatomy-of-caprine-female-urethra-and-characteristics-of-muscle-and-bone-marrow-derived-caprine-cells-for-autologous-cell-therapy-testing
#15
Anna Burdzinska, Bartosz Dybowski, Weronika Zarychta-Wisniewska, Agnieszka Kulesza, Radoslaw Zagozdzon, Zdzislaw Gajewski, Leszek Paczek
Cell therapy is emerging as an alternative treatment of stress urinary incontinence. However, many aspects of the procedure require further optimization. A large animal model is needed to reliably test cell delivery methods. In this study, we aim to determine suitability of the goat as an experimental animal for testing intraurethral autologous cell transplantation in terms of urethral anatomy and cell culture parameters. The experiments were performed in 12 mature/aged female goats. Isolated caprine muscle derived cells (MDC) were myogenic in vitro and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) population was able to differentiate into adipo-, osteo- and chondrogenic lineages...
October 14, 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736224/benign-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-in-a-wild-toco-toucan-ramphastos-toco
#16
Marcelo P N Carvalho, Natalia C C A Fernandes, Viviane C Nemer, Ramiro N Dias Neto, Rodrigo H F Teixeira, Bruna S Miranda, Maria J Mamprim, José L Catão-Dias, Rodrigo A Réssio
Peripheral nerve sheath tumors are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms that comprise neurofibromas, schwannomas, neurilemmomas, and perineuromas. In animals, peripheral nerve sheath neoplasms are most commonly diagnosed in dogs and cattle, followed by horses, goats, and cats, but their occurrence is uncommon in birds. An adult, free-living, male toco (common) toucan ( Ramphastos toco ) was admitted to the zoo animal clinic with weight loss, dehydration, and presence of a soft nodule adhered to the medial portion of the left pectoral muscle...
September 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605760/a-survey-on-sarcocystis-spp-infection-in-cattle-of-tabriz-city-iran
#17
Mohammad Mirzaei, Hadi Rezaei
Sarcocystis is one of the most prevalent protozoan parasites in the striated muscles of livestock slaughtered for food such as cattle, sheep and goat. Meat that is heavily infected may be condemned as unfit for human consumption. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Sarcocystis spp. in slaughtered cattle in Tabriz, northwest of Iran. The prevalence of Sarcocystis spp. infection was investigated in 670 cattle, slaughtered from April 2013 to October 2013 in the Tabriz abattoir, Iran using naked eye examination for macroscopic Sarcocysts, and peptic digestion, muscle squash, squeezing methods for microscopic types...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561543/inferring-the-skeletal-muscle-developmental-changes-of-grazing-and-barn-fed-goats-from-gene-expression-data
#18
Jinyu Huang, Jinzhen Jiao, Zhi-Liang Tan, Zhixiong He, Karen A Beauchemin, Robert Forster, Xue-Feng Han, Shao-Xun Tang, Jinghe Kang, Chuanshe Zhou
Thirty-six Xiangdong black goats were used to investigate age-related mRNA and protein expression levels of some genes related to skeletal muscle structural proteins, MRFs and MEF2 family, and skeletal muscle fiber type and composition during skeletal muscle growth under grazing (G) and barn-fed (BF) feeding systems. Goats were slaughtered at six time points selected to reflect developmental changes of skeletal muscle during nonrumination (days 0, 7, and 14), transition (day 42), and rumination phases (days 56 and 70)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554596/increase-in-antioxidant-activity-by-sheep-goat-whey-protein-through-nuclear-factor-like-2-nrf2-is-cell-type-dependent
#19
Efthalia Kerasioti, Dimitrios Stagos, Aggeliki Tzimi, Dimitrios Kouretas
The aim of the present study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms through which sheep/goat whey protein exerts its antioxidant activity. Thus, it was examined whey protein's effects on the expression of transcription factor, nuclear factor-like 2 (Nrf2) and on the expression and activity of a number of antioxidant and phase II enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), synthase glutamyl cysteine (GCS) and glutathione-s-transferase (GST), in muscle C2C12 and EA.hy926 endothelial cells...
November 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550073/genome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-long-non-coding-rnas-in-developmental-skeletal-muscle-of-fetal-goat
#20
Siyuan Zhan, Yao Dong, Wei Zhao, Jiazhong Guo, Tao Zhong, Linjie Wang, Li Li, Hongping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been studied extensively over the past few years. Large numbers of lncRNAs have been identified in mouse, rat, and human, and some of them have been shown to play important roles in muscle development and myogenesis. However, there are few reports on the characterization of lncRNAs covering all the development stages of skeletal muscle in livestock. RESULTS: RNA libraries constructed from developing longissimus dorsi muscle of fetal (45, 60, and 105 days of gestation) and postnatal (3 days after birth) goat (Capra hircus) were sequenced...
August 22, 2016: BMC Genomics
keyword
keyword
114841
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"