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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773137/microsatellite-pattern-analysis-of-neospora-caninum-from-a-naturally-infected-goat-fetus
#1
Lucía María Campero, María Laura Gos, Dadin Prando Moore, Javier Regidor-Cerrillo, Juan Manuel Unzaga, Gastón Moré, Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora, María Cecilia Venturini
Neospora caninum is an apicomplexan protozoan responsible for abortion in ruminants. The present study aimed to diagnose an abortion from an Anglo Nubian goat from a dairy herd located in Buenos Aires province, Argentina. The goat delivered a fetus of approximately 3 months gestation that was studied by indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT), Immunoblot (IB), histopathology (HP), immunohistochemistry (IHC), and molecular assays (PCR, sequencing and microsatellite genotyping). Interferon gamma knock-out mice were inoculated with a pool of tissues for isolation attempts...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769162/increased-pregnancy-losses-following-serial-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-in-goats
#2
Min Yang, Iuri Perisse, Zhiqiang Fan, Misha Regouski, Mirella Meyer-Ficca, Irina A Polejaeva
Serial cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is a critical tool for the expansion of precious transgenic lines or resetting the lifespan of primary transgenic cells for multiple genetic modifications. We successfully produced second-generation cloned goats using donor neonatal fibroblasts from first-generation clones. However, our attempts to produce any third-generation clones failed. SCNT efficiency decreased progressively with the clonal generations. The rate of pregnancy loss was significantly greater in recloning groups (P<0...
May 17, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767729/a-comparative-study-on-the-excretion-of-urinary-metabolites-in-goats-and-sheep-to-evaluate-spot-sampling-applied-to-protein-nutrition-trials
#3
A C S Dos Santos, S A Santos, G G P Carvalho, L D S Mariz, M S L Tosto, S C Valadares Filho, J A G Azevedo
The main objective of this study was to establish a protocol to validate urine spot samples to estimate N excretion and microbial synthesis in goat and sheep; and to study factors that affect daily creatinine and purine derivatives urinary excretion. Also a performance trial was carried out to compare goat and sheep slaughtered after different feedlot periods. Twelve Boer goats (20.6 kg±3.4 initial BW) and twelve Dorper sheep (18.4 kg±2.3 initial BW), all 4-month-old, males, were used. Eight animals (four goats and four sheep) were randomly allocated to be slaughtered at 28, 56 and 84 days in feedlot...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744325/inhibition-of-spontaneous-contractility-of-isolated-caprine-ureter-by-flupirtine
#4
Girish S Naik, Rohit Kodagali, Manoj G Tyagi, Kalpana Ernest, Margaret Shanthi, Sumith K Mathew, Jacob Peedicayil
Context: Kv7 potassium channels are expressed in several types of smooth muscles and could mediate physiological responses in the tissues expressed. Flupirtine is an analgesic that acts by opening Kv7 potassium channels. It has been shown to inhibit the contractility of several types of isolated smooth muscle. Aims: This study investigated the ability of flupirtine to inhibit the spontaneous contractility of isolated distal caprine (goat) ureter. Settings and Design: Spontaneous contractility of the isolated goat ureter was recorded using a physiograph...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621527/transmammary-transfer-of-toxicity-to-nursing-kids-from-isocoma-pluriflora-rayless-goldenrod-dosed-to-lactating-goats
#5
James A Pfister, Bryan L Stegelmeier, Stephen T Lee, T Zane Davis, Ben T Green
Rayless goldenrod (RG; Isocoma pluriflora) poisons livestock in the southwestern U.S., west Texas, and northern Mexico. The putative toxin(s) have historically been thought to be benzofuran ketones. Goats have been used successfully as a model of RG poisoning. The transmammary transfer of toxicity to offspring from lactating goats has not been studied, thus the objective of this study was to determine if nursing kids would become poisoned via mother's milk when the dams were dosed with RG. Twelve lactating goats (6 controls and 6 treated; all with twin kids) were dosed via oral gavage with alfalfa or rayless goldenrod at 2% of BW per day for 14 days...
April 2, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616081/insertion-deletion-within-the-kdm6a-gene-is-significantly-associated-with-litter-size-in-goat
#6
Yang Cui, Hailong Yan, Ke Wang, Han Xu, Xuelian Zhang, Haijing Zhu, Jinwang Liu, Lei Qu, Xianyong Lan, Chuanying Pan
A previous whole-genome association analysis identified lysine demethylase 6A ( KDM6A ), which encodes a type of histone demethylase, as a candidate gene associated to goat fecundity. KDM6A gene knockout mouse disrupts gametophyte development, suggesting that it has a critical role in reproduction. In this study, goat KDM6A mRNA expression profiles were determined, insertion/deletion (indel) variants in the gene identified, indel variants effect on KDM6A gene expression assessed, and their association with first-born litter size analyzed in 2326 healthy female Shaanbei white cashmere goats...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609073/comparative-assessment-of-heat-stress-induced-changes-in-carcass-traits-plasma-leptin-profile-and-skeletal-muscle-myostatin-and-hsp70-gene-expression-patterns-between-indigenous-osmanabadi-and-salem-black-goat-breeds
#7
P R Archana, V Sejian, Wilfred Ruban, M Bagath, G Krishnan, J Aleena, G B Manjunathareddy, V Beena, Raghavendra Bhatta
The primary objective of the study was to compare the impact of heat stress on meat production characteristics of Osmanabadi and Salem Black breed goats based on changes in carcass characteristics, meat quality attributes, plasma leptin concentration, skeletal muscle myostatin and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) gene expression patterns. The goats were randomly distributed into four groups: OSC (n = 6; Osmanabadi Control), OSHS (n = 6; Osmanabadi Heat Stress), SBC (n = 6; Salem Black Control) and SBHS (n = 6; Salem Black Heat Stress)...
March 24, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608406/immunohistochemical-expression-of-fxr1-in-canine-normal-tissues-and-melanomas
#8
Laura Nordio, Andreia T Marques, Cristina Lecchi, Alberto M Luciano, Damiano Stefanello, Chiara Giudice
Fragile X mental retardation-related protein 1 (FXR1) is a cytoplasmic RNA-binding protein highly conserved among vertebrates. It has been studied for its role in muscle development, inflammation, and tumorigenesis, being related, for example, to metastasizing behavior in human and canine uveal melanoma. Anti-FXR1 antibodies have never been validated in the canine species. To investigate FXR1 expression in canine melanocytic tumors, the present study tested two commercially available polyclonal anti-human FXR1 antibodies, raised in goat and rabbit, respectively...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605938/establishment-of-dermal-sheath-cell-line-from-cashmere-goat-and-characterizing-cytokeratin-13-as-its-novel-biomarker
#9
Bing Zhu, Zhili Guo, Muzi Jin, Yujuan Bai, Wenliang Yang, Lihua Hui
OBJECTIVE: To establish a dermal sheath cell line, a dermal papilla cell line and a outer root sheath cell line from Cashmere goat and clarify the similarities and differences among them. RESULTS: We established a dermal sheath cell line, a dermal papilla cell line and a outer root sheath cell line from the pelage skin hair follicles of Cashmere goat. The growth rate of dermal sheath cells was intermediate between that of dermal papilla cells and outer root sheath cells...
March 31, 2018: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605576/effects-of-maternal-dietary-selenium-se-enriched-yeast-on-testis-development-testosterone-level-and-testicular-steroidogenesis-related-gene-expression-of-their-male-kids-in-taihang-black-goats
#10
Lei Shi, Ruigao Song, Xiaolei Yao, Yunli Duan, Youshe Ren, Chunxiang Zhang, Wenbin Yue, Fulin Lei
To investigate the effects of maternal dietary selenium (Se-enriched yeast) on testis development, testosterone level and steroidogenesis-related gene expression in testis of their male kids, selected pregnant Taihang Black Goats were randomly allotted to four treatment groups. They were fed the basal gestation and lactation diets supplemented with 0 (control), 0.5, 2.0 and 4.0 mg of Se/kg DM. Thirty days after weaning, testes were collected from the kids. After the morphological development status of testis was examined, tissue samples were collected for analyzing testosterone concentration and histological parameters...
March 26, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580736/quantitative-phosphoproteomic-analysis-of-caprine-muscle-with-high-and-low-meat-quality
#11
Manshun Liu, Yanchao Wei, Xin Li, Siew Young Quek, Jing Zhao, Huazhen Zhong, Dequan Zhang, Yongfeng Liu
During the conversion of muscle to meat, protein phosphorylation can regulate various biological processes that have important effects on meat quality. To investigate the phosphorylation pattern of protein on rigor mortis, goat longissimus thoracis and external intercostals were classified into two groups (high quality and low quality), and meat quality was evaluated according to meat quality attributes (Warner-Bratzler shear force, Color, pH and drip loss). A quantitative mass spectrometry-based phosphoproteomic study was conducted to analyze the caprine muscle at 12h postmortem applying the TiO2 -SIMAC-HILIC (TiSH) phosphopeptide enrichment strategy...
January 2, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568520/effects-of-chronic-dexamethasone-administration-on-hyperglycemia-and-insulin-release-in-goats
#12
Liqiong Niu, Qu Chen, Canfeng Hua, Yali Geng, Liuping Cai, Shiyu Tao, Yingdong Ni, Ruqian Zhao
Background: Dexamethasone (Dex), a synthetic glucocorticoid, is among the most commonly used drugs worldwide in animals and humans as an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agent. GC has profound effects on plasma glucose level and other metabolic conditions. However, the effect of prolonged use of Dex on glucose metabolism in ruminants is still unclear. Results: Ten goats were randomly assigned to two groups: the control goats were injected with saline, and the Dex-treated goats were intramuscularly injected daily for 21 d with 0...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545563/the-development-of-an-extra-anatomic-tissue-engineered-artery-with-collateral-arteries-for-therapeutic-angiogenesis-in-ischemic-hind-limb
#13
Xu Zhou, Yinlong Zhang, Hongfei Wang, Bin Zhao, Jinling Wang, Guoliang Yan, Shuangyue Xu, Yuanyuan Zhou, Hongyi Liu, Yifei Zheng, Wei Quan, Jianyin Zhou, Yun Liu, Maochuan Zhen, Xuan Zhu, Yilin Zhao
To develop tissue-engineered arteries (TEAs) with collateral arteries(CAs) in ischemic hind limb goat models(IHLMs). The IHLMs created by removing femoral arteries were divided into non-treated control group(NG); non-catheter group (NCG) in which TEA was anastomosed to external iliac artery(EIA), and surrounded with collagen sponge containing autologous MSCs and VEGF-gelatin microspheres, the distal end of TEA was ligated; catheter group(CG) which received the same procedure as NCG, also received heparin infusion through catheter in EIA...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500594/effect-of-lablab-and-pigeon-pea-leaf-meal-supplementation-on-performance-of-goats-fed-a-basal-diet-of-haricot-bean-haulms
#14
Denbela Hidosa, Adugna Tolera, Ajebu Nurfeta
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of lablab and pigeon pea leaf supplementation on feed intake, digestibility, weight gain, and carcass characteristics of goats fed a basal diet of haricot bean haulms. Thirty-two yearling intact male goats with an average initial body weight of 14.4 ± 1.04 kg (Means ± SD) were assigned to one of the four treatments in a randomized complete block design. The dietary treatments were 17.5% lablab + 17.5% pigeon pea leaf + 63% wheat bran (T1), 35% pigeon leaf + 63% wheat bran (T2), 35% lablab leaf + 63% wheat bran (T3), and 88% wheat bran + 10% noug seed cake (T4)...
March 2, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500394/mir-27b-regulates-myogenic-proliferation-and-differentiation-by-targeting-pax3-in-goat
#15
Ying-Hui Ling, Meng-Hua Sui, Qi Zheng, Kang-Yan Wang, Hao Wu, Wen-Yong Li, Yong Liu, Ming-Xing Chu, Fu-Gui Fang, Li-Na Xu
This study found that miR-27 is expressed in muscle and regulates muscle proliferation and differentiation. We explored the function and regulatory mechanism of miR-27b in goat muscle proliferation and differentiation. Compared with the Boer goat, higher expression of miR-27b was observed in all of the collected muscle tissues of Anhuai goat, excluding the kidney, whereas the opposite expression pattern was observed for Pax3, which showed lower expression in Anhuai goat. Expression of miR-27b decreased gradually during the proliferation of skeletal muscle satellite cells in Anhuai goat and increased during differentiation; however, the expression pattern of Pax3 was opposite...
March 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484396/effects-of-sheep-goat-whey-protein-dietary-supplementation-on-the-redox-status-of-rats
#16
Efthalia Kerasioti, Dimitrios Stagos, Aristides M Tsatsakis, Demetrios A Spandidos, Ioannis Taitzoglou, Demetrios Kouretas
The purpose of the present study is to estimate the effects of sheep/goat whey protein dietary supplementation on the redox status of blood and tissues of rats. Twelve male Wistar rats were divided into the control group (standard commercial diet) and whey group [standard commercial diet + sheep/goat whey protein (1 g kg b.w/day)] (6 rats/group). The animals were maintainted on their respective diet for 28 days. At the end of the experimental period, reduced glutathione, catalase activity, total antioxidant capacity, thiobarbituric reactive substances, protein carbonyls and the decomposition rate of H2O2 were measured in blood and tissues of rats...
April 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452148/complete-inhibition-of-fetal-movement-in-the-day-40-pregnant-goat-model-by-the-piperidine-alkaloid-anabasine-but-not-related-alkaloids
#17
B T Green, S T Lee, J W Keele, K D Welch, D Cook, J A Pfister, W R Kem
Four chemically similar alkaloids, anabasine, anabaseine, epibatidine and dimethylphenylpiperazinium (DMPP), are potent nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists of fetal muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in human TE-671 cells. Based on results with these cells, we hypothesized that the alkaloids would completely inhibit ultrasound-monitored fetal movement in a goat model. Different, single doses of anabasine, anabaseine, epibatidine, DMPP, or saline control were administered I.V. to pregnant goats on day 40 of gestation and the number of fetal movements per 5 min sample was measured by ultrasound at times 0, 0...
March 15, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446146/crispr-cas9-mediated-mstn-disruption-and-heritable-mutagenesis-in-goats-causes-increased-body-mass
#18
X Wang, Y Niu, J Zhou, H Zhu, B Ma, H Yu, H Yan, J Hua, X Huang, L Qu, Y Chen
Genetic engineering in livestock has been greatly enhanced through the use of artificial programmed nucleases such as the recently emerged clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated 9 (Cas9) system. We recently reported our successful application of the CRISPR/Cas9 system to engineer the goat genome through micro-injection of Cas9 mRNA and sgRNAs targeting MSTN and FGF5 in goat embryos. The phenotypes induced by edited loss-of-function mutations of MSTN remain to be evaluated extensively...
February 2018: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413680/the-effect-of-dietary-energy-content-on-quality-characteristics-of-boer-goat-meat
#19
Tertius S Brand, Daniel A Van Der Merwe, Louwrens C Hoffman, Greta Geldenhuys
The palatability and chemical composition of Longissimus lumborum muscles from 24 Boer goat castrates (eight goats per treatment), finished on diets varying in energy content (9.7, 10.2 and 10.6MJ ME/kg feed), were evaluated by a trained sensory panel on a line scale ranging from low to high intensity for aroma, flavour and texture attributes. Physical measurements as well as proximate analysis were performed for each sample. No differences (P>0.05) were found between the dietary treatments for any of the attributes analysed...
May 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413675/fatty-acid-composition-of-polar-and-neutral-meat-lipids-of-goats-browsing-in-native-pasture-of-brazilian-semiarid
#20
Natália L O Fonteles, Susana P Alves, Marta Suely Madruga, Rita R E Queiroga, Albericio P Andrade, Divan S Silva, Amanda P Leal, Rui J B Bessa, Ariosvaldo N Medeiros
Thirty six male goats grazing Caatinga native pasture were randomly assigned to 4 concentrate supplementation levels (0, 5, 10 and 15g/kg of body weight) and slaughtered after 120days. Longissimus muscle meat lipids were extracted and fractionated into neutral (NL) and polar (PL) lipids. Supplementation of grazing goats increased linearly (P<0.05) intramuscular fat (1 to 1.5% of meat) and NL (0.3 to 1% of meat) but decreased linearly (P=0.044) the PL (0.66 to 0.50% of meat). On NL, supplementation increased linearly (P=0...
May 2018: Meat Science
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