Read by QxMD icon Read

myoblast transfection plasmide

Eakkapote Prompunt, Nitirut Nernpermpisooth, Jantira Sanit, Sarawut Kumphune
One of the major causes of cardiac cell death during myocardial ischemia is the oversecretion of protease enzymes surrounding the ischemic tissue. Therefore, inhibition of the protease activity could be an alternative strategy for preventing the expansion of the injured area. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Secretory Leukocyte Protease Inhibitor (SLPI), by means of overexpression and treatment of recombinant human SLPI (rhSLPI) in an in vitro model. Rat cardiac myoblast (H9c2) cells overexpressing rhSLPI were generated by gene delivery using pCMV2-SLPI-HA plasmid...
May 4, 2018: Biomolecular Concepts
RuiCai Gu, MaoChao Ding, DanDan Shi, Tao Huang, MengXia Guo, Lei Yu, JiJie Hu, WenHua Huang, Hua Liao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Whether calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV (CaMKIV) plays a role in regulating immunologic features of muscle cells in inflammatory environment, as it does for immune cells, remains mostly unknown. In this study, we investigated the influence of endogenous CaMKIV on the immunological characteristics of myoblasts and myotubes received IFN-γ stimulation. METHODS: C2C12 and murine myogenic precursor cells (MPCs) were cultured and differentiated in vitro, in the presence of pro-inflammatory IFN-γ...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Lei Ruan, Yi Yang, Yi Huang, Ling Ding, Cuntai Zhang, Xiaofen Wu
BACKGROUND: RAN guanine nucleotide release factor (RANGRF) encoding protein MOG1 plays an important role in cardiac arrhythmia, so we intended to investigate the regulatory miRNA of RANGRF and explore its potential regulatory mechanism in arrhythmogenesis. METHODS: Based on bioinformatic analysis, miR-3144-5p was predicted to be a regulatory miRNA of RANGRF, which were then validated through a dual-luciferase reporter plasmid assay. Subsequently, the expression level of miR-3144-5p in human cardiac myocytes (HCMs) was detected, followed by cell transfection with miR-3144-5p mimics...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sonja Prpar Mihevc, Mojca Pavlin, Simona Darovic, Marko Živin, Matej Podbregar, Boris Rogelj, Tomaz Mars
Degeneration of distal axons and neuromuscular junctions is an early feature in the pathology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), which culminates in motor neuron loss due to axon retraction and muscle atrophy. The complex interactions in the pathogenesis of ALS between motor neurons, muscle cells and accompanying glia require an appropriate experimental model. Here, we have defined a co-culture model based on human myotubes innervated by neurons from embryonic rat spinal cord explants to investigate the pathology and treatment of ALS...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
J P Gomez, C Gonçalves, C Pichon, P Midoux
When administrated in the blood circulation, plasmid DNA (pDNA) complexed with synthetic vectors must pass through a vascular endothelium to transfect underlying tissues. Under inflammatory condition, cytokines can modify the endothelium integrity. Here, the trans-endothelial passage (TEP) of DNA complexes including polyplexes, lipoplexes and lipopolyplexes was investigated in the presence of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) or insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). The experiments were performed by using an in vitro model comprising a monolayer of mouse cardiac endothelial cells (MCEC) seeded on a trans-well insert and the transfection of C2C12 myoblasts cultured on the lower chamber as read out of TEP...
July 2017: Gene Therapy
Arnaud Perrin, Joël Rousseau, Jacques P Tremblay
Laminin-111 protein complex links the extracellular matrix to integrin α7β1 in sarcolemma, thus replacing in dystrophic muscles links normally insured by the dystrophin complex. Laminin-111 injection in mdx mouse stabilized sarcolemma, restored serum creatine kinase to wild-type levels, and protected muscles from exercised-induced damages. These results suggested that increased laminin-111 is a potential therapy for DMD. Laminin subunit beta 1 and laminin subunit gamma 1 are expressed in adult human muscle, but laminin subunit alpha 1 (LAMA1) gene is expressed only during embryogenesis...
March 17, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Wenqiang Sun, Huilan Huang, Shengchao Ma, Xiang Gan, Mou Zhu, Hehe Liu, Liang Li, Jiwen Wang
The Akirin gene family normally contains two members that are essential to myoblast differentiation. Noticeably, the avian Akirin gene family comprises only one gene (Akirin2), However, it remains unknown whether avian Akirin gene family still has the function of Akirin1; moreover, it is still unclear whether and how Akirin2 plays a role in myoblast proliferation and differentiation. Interestingly, the unexpected functions of duck Akirin2 were revealed in the present study. The Real-time PCR results showed that between 12 and 48h during the process of duck myoblasts differentiation, the overexpression of Akirin2 did not significantly increase the expression of myogenic regulatory factors...
October 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Rosario Barone, Filippo Macaluso, Claudia Sangiorgi, Claudia Campanella, Antonella Marino Gammazza, Viviana Moresi, Dario Coletti, Everly Conway de Macario, Alberto Jl Macario, Francesco Cappello, Sergio Adamo, Felicia Farina, Giovanni Zummo, Valentina Di Felice
Heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) is a chaperone localizing in skeletal muscle mitochondria, whose role is poorly understood. In the present study, the levels of Hsp60 in fibres of the entire posterior group of hindlimb muscles (gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantaris) were evaluated in mice after completing a 6-week endurance training program. The correlation between Hsp60 levels and the expression of four isoforms of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC1α) were investigated only in soleus...
January 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hongzhao Lu, Xine Shi, Guofang Wu, Jiayu Zhu, Chengchuang Song, Qiangling Zhang, Gongshe Yang
OBJECTIVES: Generally, the secretory forms of FGF are known to regulate cell proliferation, differentiation and morphogenesis by binding to the extracellular domain of cell surface receptors. Intracellular FGFs (FGF11-14) are expressed principally in the nervous system. FGF13 is a microtubule-stabilizing protein that regulates neuronal polarization and migration. Previous studies have reported high expression of FGF13 in cultures of single muscle fibres. However, functions of FGF13 in muscle development have not been explored...
October 2015: Cell Proliferation
Rosie J Naylor, Richard J Piercy
OBJECTIVE: To produce a clonal equine myoblast cell line that retains the ability to divide for multiple passages and differentiate into multinucleated myotubes during specific conditions. SAMPLE: Cultured primary equine skeletal muscle-derived cells from a healthy Thoroughbred. PROCEDURES: Cell cultures were transfected by electroporation with a plasmid (pNIT) that expresses the temperature-sensitive simian vacuolating virus 40 large T antigen (TAg), which can be controlled by a doxycycline-responsive promoter...
July 2015: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Matthew T Menendez, Crystal Teygong, Kristin Wade, Celia Florimond, Ira J Blader
UNLABELLED: Although it is established that oxygen availability regulates cellular metabolism and growth, little is known regarding how intracellular pathogens use host factors to grow at physiological oxygen levels. Therefore, large-scale human small interfering RNA screening was performed to identify host genes important for growth of the intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii at tissue oxygen tensions. Among the genes identified by this screen, we focused on the hexokinase 2 (HK2) gene because its expression is regulated by hypoxia-inducible transcription factor 1 (HIF-1), which is important for Toxoplasma growth...
June 23, 2015: MBio
G Q Du, W J Du, J J Liu, Y S Wang, H G Nie, M M Zhang, B Yu
AIM: Recent findings highlight the critical role of the Wnt signaling pathway in cardiac repair and stem cell regulation. Our previous study shows that lithium chloride (LiCl) optimizes skeletal myoblast (SkM) for transplantation by mimicking the Wnt/β-catenin signaling activities. In this study, we evaluate the therapeutic potential of SkMs genetically modified with Wnt1gene (Wnt1 SkMs) in a rat model with myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: We harvested neonatal SkMs using Wistar rats (1-3-day old) transfected with p-EGFP-C3-Wnt1 plasmid...
December 2015: Panminerva Medica
Tomaz Mars, Marusa Strazisar, Katarina Mis, Nejc Kotnik, Katarina Pegan, Jasna Lojk, Zoran Grubic, Mojca Pavlin
Transfection of primary human myoblasts offers the possibility to study mechanisms that are important for muscle regeneration and gene therapy of muscle disease. Cultured human myoblasts were selected here because muscle cells still proliferate at this developmental stage, which might have several advantages in gene therapy. Gene therapy is one of the most sought-after tools in modern medicine. Its progress is, however, limited due to the lack of suitable gene transfer techniques. To obtain better insight into the transfection potential of the presently used techniques, two non-viral transfection methods--lipofection and electroporation--were compared...
April 2015: Journal of Membrane Biology
Xinxin Li, Hehe Liu, Haohan Wang, Lingli Sun, Fang Ding, Wenqiang Sun, Chunchun Han, Jiwen Wang
FST (follistatin) is essential for skeletal muscle development, but the intracellular signalling networks that regulate FST-induced effects are not well defined. We sought to investigate whether FST promotes the proliferation of myoblasts through the PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase)/Akt (protein kinase B)/mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) signalling. In the present study, we transfected the pEGFP-duFST plasmid and added PI3K and mTOR inhibitors to the medium of duck primary myoblasts. Then, we analysed the cellular phenotypic changes that occurred and analysed the expression of target genes...
2014: Bioscience Reports
Wenwen Shen, Mallory A van Dongen, Yingchun Han, Maomao Yu, Yanzhi Li, George Liu, Mark M Banaszak Holl, Rong Qi
To improve gene delivery efficiency of PEGylated poly(amidoamine) dendrimers in livers and muscles, the roles of syndecan-4 receptor and caveolin-1 protein in the endocytosis of PEGylated generation 5 (G5-PEG) or 7 (G7-PEG) dendrimers and plasmid DNA polyplexes were explored in C2C12 and HepG2 cells. Expression levels of syndecan-4 for both cell lines were downregulated by transfection of the cells with syndecan-4 specific siRNA. Caveolin-1 was upregulated by infecting the cells with adenovirus vector expressed caveolin-1 (Ad-CAV-1)...
November 2014: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Amrutlal K Patel, Ajai K Tripathi, Ravi K Shah, Utsav A Patel, Chaitanya G Joshi
BACKGROUND: Targeted knockdown of ACVR2B, a receptor for TGF beta superfamily, has been seen as a potential candidate to enhance the muscle mass through RNAi approach. METHODS: We have evaluated the potential short hairpin RNAs targeting goat ACVR2B in human HEK293T cells and goat myoblasts cells by transient transfection and measured their knockdown efficiency and possible undesired interferon response by quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: We observed a significant silencing (64-81%) of ACVR2B in 293T cells with all seven shRNAs (sh1 to sh7) constructs and 16-46% silencing with maximum of 46% by sh6 (p = 0...
December 2014: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Bhawana George, Neeraj Jain, Pei Fen Chong, Jun Hou Tan, Thirumaran Thanabalu
Skeletal muscle formation is a multistep process involving proliferation, differentiation, alignment and fusion of myoblasts to form myotubes which fuse with additional myoblast to form myofibers. Toca-1 (Transducer of Cdc42-dependent actin assembly), is an adaptor protein which activates N-WASP in conjunction with Cdc42 to facilitate membrane invagination, endocytosis and actin cytoskeleton remodeling. Expression of Toca-1 in mouse primary myoblasts and C2C12 myoblasts was up-regulated on day 1 of differentiation and subsequently down-regulated during differentiation...
September 2014: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
A Zimna, A Janeczek, N Rozwadowska, M Fraczek, P Kucharzewska, M Rucinski, T Mietkiewski, M Kurpisz
Myocardial infarction results in cardiomyocyte loss and may eventually lead to cardiac failure. Skeletal myoblast transplantation into the scar area may compensate for this observed cell loss by strengthening the weakened myocardium and inducing myogenesis. Moreover, skeletal myoblasts may serve as potential transgene carriers for the myocardium (i.e., delivering pro-angiogenic factors, which may potentially improve blood perfusion in infarcted heart). We examined the influence of the simultaneous overexpression of two potent pro-angiogenic factors, fibroblast growth factor-4 (FGF-4) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), on human primary myoblast proliferation, cell cycle, resistance to hypoxic stress conditions and myogenic gene expression, as well as the induction of pro-angiogenic activities...
April 2014: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
T J Kolanowski, N Rozwadowska, A Malcher, E Szymczyk, J D Kasprzak, T Mietkiewski, M Kurpisz
BACKGROUND: Previously, connexin 43-modified skeletal myoblasts (MbCx) were shown to reduce the pro-arrhythmic effect during the regeneration of heart tissue in an animal model of infarction. To increase the relevance to clinical implementation, in this study, we introduced connexin 43 into human myoblasts using a highly safe non-viral vector and demonstrated that their transplantation had a positive effect on the function of the injured heart. METHODS AND RESULTS: Myoblasts were efficiently transfected with a pCiNeo-GJA1 plasmid (65...
April 15, 2014: International Journal of Cardiology
Tao Wang, Tian'an Liao, Hong Wang, Wei Deng, Dahai Yu
BACKGROUND: The multilineage differentiation potential ability of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) showed great potential in tissue engineering, while vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (VEGF165) promotes vasculogenesis and further promotes tissue regeneration. This study aimed to assess the ability of rat BMSCs expressing human VEGF A165 (hVEGF165) to promote tissue repair in rat model of radiation-induced injury. METHODS: Rat BMSCs were isolated from the tibia...
2014: Chinese Medical Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"