keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Drusen

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813619/age-related-changes-in-the-chorioretinal-junction-an-immunohistochemical-study
#1
Tulika Gupta, Narbada Saini, Jasbir Arora, Daisy Sahni
The chorioretinal junction comprises the retinal pigment epithelium, Bruch's membrane (BM), and adjacent choroidal capillaries. Its significance lies in its ability to support the retina mechanically and metabolically. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to record the senescent changes affecting all the constituents of the chorioretinal junction in 40 histological specimens across the whole spectrum of the adult age range. This study included light microscopy, with hematoxylin and eosin and PAS stains, and fluorescent microscopy...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806214/choroidal-nevi-with-focal-choroidal-excavation-and-polypoidal-choroidal-neovascularization
#2
Daniel Simhaee, Rosa Dolz-Marco, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: To report two cases of choroidal nevi associated with focal choroidal excavation (FCE) and polypoidal choroidal neovascularization (PCN). METHODS: Report of two patients with choroidal nevi showing FCE and PCN who underwent multimodal imaging including color fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, fundus autofluorescence, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, swept-source optical coherence tomography, and optical coherence tomography angiography...
August 10, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782506/an-inducible-form-of-nrf2-confers-enhanced-protection-against-acute-oxidative-stresses-in-rpe-cells
#3
Khiem T Vu, John D Hulleman
Increasing evidence suggests that overt oxidative stress within the retina plays an important role in the progression of age-related retinal decline, and in particular, in the disease age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Nuclear factor erythroid 2-like 2 (Nrf2) is a master transcription factor that upregulates numerous of antioxidant/detoxification genes. Nrf2(-/-) mice develop progressive retinal degeneration that includes the formation of drusen-like deposits, lipofuscin, and sub-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) deposition of inflammatory proteins...
August 4, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777222/optic-disc-drusen-and-family-history-of-glaucoma-results-of-a-patient-directed-survey
#4
Gwendolyn Gramer, Eugen Gramer, Nicole Weisschuh
PURPOSE: Prospective evaluation of family history (FH) of glaucoma and FH of optic disc drusen (ODD) in patients with sonographically confirmed ODD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 87 patients with ODD interviewed all their first and second degree relatives using a detailed questionnaire whether an ophthalmologist had diagnosed or excluded glaucoma or ocular hypertension (OH). Using a second questionnaire, 62 of these patients also provided information about ODD in their FH...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767460/optic-nerve-head-drusen-imaging-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#5
Elsa Flores-Reyes, Kirsten Hoskens, Kaweh Mansouri
PURPOSE: To describe findings and utility of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in optic nerve head drusen (ONHD). OBSERVATIONS: A 57-year-old white man presented with a decrease in contrast sensitivity of the inferior visual field in both eyes. Clinical examination, visual fields, optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence and OCTA revealed ONHD bilaterally. A focal decrease in vessel density within the localization of ONHD in both eyes was demonstrated suggesting a connection between those findings...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734331/optic-nerve-head-drusen-as-a-rare-manifestation-of-cowden-syndrome-multimodal-imaging
#6
Ivo Gama, Leonor Almeida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732589/accuracy-of-diagnostic-imaging-modalities-for-classifying-pediatric-eyes-as-papilledema-versus-pseudopapilledema
#7
Melinda Y Chang, Federico G Velez, Joseph L Demer, Laura Bonelli, Peter A Quiros, Anthony C Arnold, Alfredo A Sadun, Stacy L Pineles
PURPOSE: To identify the most accurate diagnostic imaging modality for classifying pediatric eyes as papilledema (PE) or pseudopapilledema (PPE). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SUBJECTS: Nineteen children between the ages of 5 and 18 years were recruited. Five children (10 eyes) with PE, 11 children (19 eyes) with PPE owing to suspected buried optic disc drusen (ODD), and 3 children (6 eyes) with PPE owing to superficial ODD were included...
July 18, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729948/algorithms-for-the-automated-analysis-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-biomarkers-on-optical-coherence-tomography-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Maximilian W M Wintergerst, Thomas Schultz, Johannes Birtel, Alexander K Schuster, Norbert Pfeiffer, Steffen Schmitz-Valckenberg, Frank G Holz, Robert P Finger
PURPOSE: To assess the quality of optical coherence tomography (OCT) grading algorithms for retinal biomarkers of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Following a systematic review of the literature data on detection and quantification of AMD retinal biomarkers by available algorithms were extracted and descriptively synthesized. Algorithm quality was assessed using a modified version of the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 checklist with a focus on accuracy against established reference standards and risk of bias...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729371/geographic-atrophy-phenotype-identification-by-cluster-analysis
#9
Jordi Monés, Marc Biarnés
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To identify ocular phenotypes in patients with geographic atrophy secondary to age-related macular degeneration (GA) using a data-driven cluster analysis. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data from a prospective, natural history study of patients with GA who were followed for ≥6 months. Cluster analysis was used to identify subgroups within the population based on the presence of several phenotypic features: soft drusen, reticular pseudodrusen (RPD), primary foveal atrophy, increased fundus autofluorescence (FAF), greyish FAF appearance and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT)...
July 20, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728186/choroidal-neovascularization-and-geographic-atrophy-are-potential-complications-of-early-onset-large-colloid-drusen
#10
Adriano Carnevali, Giuseppe Querques
The authors report a case of large colloid drusen (LCD) complicated by choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and geographic atrophy (GA). A 54-year-old man was referred to the authors' department with diagnosis of early onset retinal drusen. Multimodal imaging led to a diagnosis of LCD complicated by GA in the right eye and CNV in the left eye. The patient received a single injection of intravitreal aflibercept (Eylea; Regeneron, Tarrytown, NY) in the left eye. Six months later, best-corrected visual acuity improved to 20/25, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography still showed absence of subretinal and intraretinal fluid...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717807/vitamin-d-status-and-prevalent-early-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-african-americans-and-caucasians-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#11
A E Millen, J Nie, M W Sahli, J A Mares, K J Meyers, B E K Klein, M J LaMonte, P L Lutsey, C A Andrews, R Klein
OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D status has been hypothesized to protect against development of early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) via its anti-inflammatory properties and its possible beneficial influence on blood pressure control. We investigated the association between vitamin D status and prevalent early AMD in a community-based cohort. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: This was a secondary data analysis of already existing data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC) cohort collected from 1990 to 1995...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669519/ex-vivo-models-of-the-retinal-pigment-epithelium-rpe-in-long-term-culture-faithfully-recapitulate-key-structural-and-physiological-features-of-native-rpe
#12
Savannah A Lynn, Gareth Ward, Eloise Keeling, Jenny A Scott, Angela J Cree, David A Johnston, Anton Page, Enrique Cuan-Urquizo, Atul Bhaskar, Martin C Grossel, David A Tumbarello, Tracey A Newman, Andrew J Lotery, J Arjuna Ratnayaka
The Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE) forms the primary site of pathology in several blinding retinopathies. RPE cultures are being continuously refined so that dynamic disease processes in this important monolayer can be faithfully studied outside the eye over longer periods. The RPE substrate, which mimics the supportive Bruch's membrane (BrM), plays a key role in determining how well in-vitro cultures recapitulate native RPE cells. Here, we evaluate how two different types of BrM substrates; (1) a commercially-available polyester transwell membrane, and (2) a novel electrospun scaffold developed in our laboratory, could support the generation of realistic RPE tissues in culture...
June 19, 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663874/automated-intraretinal-segmentation-of-sd-oct-images-in-normal-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-eyes
#13
Luis de Sisternes, Gowtham Jonna, Jason Moss, Michael F Marmor, Theodore Leng, Daniel L Rubin
This work introduces and evaluates an automated intra-retinal segmentation method for spectral-domain optical coherence (SD-OCT) retinal images. While quantitative assessment of retinal features in SD-OCT data is important, manual segmentation is extremely time-consuming and subjective. We address challenges that have hindered prior automated methods, including poor performance with diseased retinas relative to healthy retinas, and data smoothing that obscures image features such as small retinal drusen. Our novel segmentation approach is based on the iterative adaptation of a weighted median process, wherein a three-dimensional weighting function is defined according to image intensity and gradient properties, and a set of smoothness constraints and pre-defined rules are considered...
March 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659124/cataract-and-optic-disk-drusen-in-a-patient-with-glycogenosis-and-di-george-syndrome-clinical-and-molecular-report
#14
D Allegrini, S Penco, A Pece, A Autelitano, G Montesano, S Paci, C Montanari, A Maver, B Peterlin, G Damante, L Rossetti
BACKGROUND: We report the ophthalmic findings of a patient with type Ia glycogen storage disease (GSD Ia), DiGeorge syndrome (DGS), cataract and optic nerve head drusen (ONHD). CASE PRESENTATION: A 26-year-old white woman, born at term by natural delivery presented with a post-natal diagnosis of GSD Ia. Genetic testing by array-comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) for DGS was required because of her low levels of serum calcium. The patient has been followed from birth, attending the day-hospital every six months at the San Paolo Hospital, Milan, outpatient clinic for metabolic diseases and previously at another eye center...
June 28, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658477/machine-learning-of-the-progression-of-intermediate-age-related-macular-degeneration-based-on-oct-imaging
#15
Hrvoje Bogunovic, Alessio Montuoro, Magdalena Baratsits, Maria G Karantonis, Sebastian M Waldstein, Ferdinand Schlanitz, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth
Purpose: To develop a data-driven interpretable predictive model of incoming drusen regression as a sign of disease activity and identify optical coherence tomography (OCT) biomarkers associated with its risk in intermediate age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Patients with AMD were observed every 3 months, using Spectralis OCT imaging, for a minimum duration of 12 months and up to a period of 60 months. Segmentation of drusen and the overlying layers was obtained using a graph-theoretic method, and the hyperreflective foci were segmented using a voxel classification method...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648383/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-dry-age-related-macular-degeneration
#16
REVIEW
Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Alessandro Rabiolo, Riccardo Sacconi, Adriano Carnevali, Lea Querques, Francesco Bandello, Giuseppe Querques
Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) is a new imaging modality that provides non-invasive characterization and quantification of the microvasculature in different retinal conditions. The purpose of this paper is to give an updated review of the features of dry age-related macular degeneration investigated by means of new generation OCT-A. We searched PubMed and Medline using the terms "optical coherence tomography angiography" associated with "age-related macular degeneration", "drusen", "reticular pseudodrusen," and "geographic atrophy" and reviewed publications up to January, 2017...
June 22, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632844/complement-mediated-regulation-of-apolipoprotein-e-in-cultured-human-rpe-cells
#17
Ping Yang, Nikolai P Skiba, Grace M Tewkesbury, Victoria M Treboschi, Peter Baciu, Glenn J Jaffe
PURPOSE: Complement activation is implicated in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and complement activation products such as membrane attack complex (MAC) are present in eyes of individuals with AMD. Herein, we investigated the effect of complement activation on induction of ApoE accumulation in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. METHODS: Cultured human RPE cells were primed with a complement-fixing antibody followed by treatment with C1q-depleted (C1q-Dep) human serum to elicit alternative pathway complement activation...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607377/amyloid-%C3%AE-peptides-overexpression-in-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells-via-aav-mediated-gene-transfer-mimics-amd-like-pathology-in-mice
#18
Tuhina Prasad, Ping Zhu, Amrisha Verma, Paramita Chakrabarty, Awilda M Rosario, Todd E Golde, Qiuhong Li
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a progressive retinal neurodegenerative disorder characterized by extracellular deposits known as drusen. A major constituent of drusen deposits are Alzheimer disease-associated amyloid β (Aβ) peptides. To understand the etiology of Aβ proteostasis in AMD, we delivered recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) encoding Aβ42 and Aβ40 peptides fused to BRI2 protein by intraocular injection in C57BL/6J mice. Endogenous protease cleavage of such constructs leads to production of secreted Aβ42 and Aβ40 respectively...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605813/overexpression-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2-ameliorates-amyloid-%C3%AE-induced-inflammatory-response-in-human-primary-retinal-pigment-epithelium
#19
Xinyu Fu, Ru Lin, Yiguo Qiu, Peng Yu, Bo Lei
Purpose: Amyloid-β (Aβ) is a major constituent of drusen, which is a hallmark of early AMD. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether enhancement of ACE2, an important component of the protective angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2)/Ang-(1-7)/Mas axis of the renin angiotensin system (RAS), ameliorates Aβ-induced inflammatory response in human RPE cells. Methods: Annexin-V FITC/propidium iodide assay for detecting apoptosis rate was used to determine the optimum concentration and incubation time of Aβ1-42...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599331/-the-aging-retina-in-the-context-of-cerebral-neurodegenerative-diseases
#20
Michael R R Böhm, Solon Thanos
Background Neurodegenerative diseases (ND) consist of divers affections of the central nervous system related to etiology, localization, and of course of the disease. Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementias are best investigated together with socioeconomic conditions and play an important role in its high prevalence. This work will present ND diseases in the context of analogous retinal degeneration mechanisms and ophthalmological diseases. Methods Based on epidemiological data, the current neurological bibliography of ND has been considered...
June 9, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
keyword
keyword
114811
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"