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Hospital follow-up

Fawaz Abo-Alhassan, Fatemah Faras, Yousef M Malek, Munish Joneja, Piyaray M Dhar
BACKGROUND: Appendicular schistosomiasis is an unusual etiology of acute appendicitis, which has been reported in countries endemic in schistosomiasis, such as sub-saharan Africa and South America. Nowadays, due to globalization, this disease has been diagnosed in non-endemic countries. Kuwait is a country possessing a larger percentage of foreigners than national citizens. Therefore, several cases of schistosomal appendicitis were found. METHOD: The clinicopathological records of all patients that underwent appendectomy during January 2007 and December 2011 were recorded from the archives of Al-Adan Hospital in Kuwait...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ming-Jie Kuang, Chao Han, Jian-Xiong Ma, Fei Li, Jie Zhao, Lin Fu, Xin-Long Ma
PURPOSE: Autologous platelet gel, developed from fresh autologous blood, is a breakthrough in the promotion and acceleration of soft tissue and bone repair. The application of autologous platelet gel has been reported to improve haemostasis and promote function recovery. We screened the randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials of high quality to investigate whether autologous platelet gel makes a better performance for postoperative bleeding and functional recovery in patients after total knee arthroplasty...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
K Wolinski, A Stangierski, K Dyrda, K Nowicka, M Pelka, A Iqbal, A Car, M Lazizi, N Bednarek, A Czarnywojtek, E Gurgul, M Ruchala
PURPOSE: Acromegaly is a chronic disease resulting from pathological oversecretion of growth hormone and subsequently insulin growth factor-1. Several complications of the disease have been reported, including cardiovascular diseases, respiratory disorders but also increased risk of benign and malignant neoplasms. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk of malignant neoplasms in the patients with acromegaly in comparison with the control group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical documentation of acromegalic patients treated in one medical center between 2005 and 2016 has been analyzed...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Dawei Song, Bin Meng, Guangdong Chen, Junjie Niu, Weimin Jiang, Zongping Luo, Huilin Yang
PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of secondary balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) for new vertebral compression fracture (NVCF) of previously non-fractured, non-treated vertebrae after previous BKP and to compare the therapeutic effect between patients with single-level adjacent NVCF and remote NVCF. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients with single-level NVCF after initial BKP in our hospital from January 2007 to August 2014. The mean follow-up time from secondary BKP was 13...
October 21, 2016: European Spine Journal
Christoph Lübbert, Lisa Zimmermann, Julia Borchert, Bernd Hörner, Reinier Mutters, Arne C Rodloff
INTRODUCTION: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the most common cause of health-care-associated infectious diarrhea. Recurrence rates are as high as 20-30% after standard treatment with metronidazole or vancomycin, and appear to be reduced for patients treated with fidaxomicin. According to the literature, the risk of CDI recurrence increases after the second relapse to 30-65%. Accurate data for Germany are not yet available. METHODS: Based on the research database of arvato health analytics (Munich, Germany), a secondary data analysis for the incidence, treatment characteristics and course of CDI was performed...
October 21, 2016: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
Vicky Long
This article examines Scottish provision of psychiatric care in the 1960s and 1970s. It demonstrates that institutional services did not rapidly disappear across the UK following the Ministry of Health's decision to shut down psychiatric hospitals in 1961, and highlights Scotland's distinctive trajectory. Furthermore, it contends that psychiatric hospitals developed new approaches to assist patients in this era, thereby contributing towards the transformation of post-war psychiatric practice. Connecting a discussion of policy with an analysis of provision, it examines the Department of Health for Scotland's cautious response to the Ministry's embrace of deinstitutionalization, before analysing Glasgow's psychiatric provision in the 1970s...
October 21, 2016: History of Psychiatry
Magaly Rodriguez de Bittner, Viktor V Chirikov, Ian M Breunig, Roxanne W Zaghab, Fadia Tohme Shaya
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness and cost savings of a real-world, continuous, pharmacist-delivered service with an employed patient population with diabetes over a 5-year period. SETTING: The Patients, Pharmacists Partnerships (P(3) Program) was offered as an "opt-in" benefit to employees of 6 public and private self-insured employers in Maryland and Virginia. Care was provided in ZIP code-matched locations and at 2 employers' worksites. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Six hundred two enrolled patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes were studied between July 2006 and May 2012 with an average follow-up of 2...
October 18, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
A Kanashiro, J M Gaya, J Palou, L Gausa, H Villavicencio
OBJECTIVES: To review our experience in robot-assisted radical cystectomy, assessing the complications and oncological and functional results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2007 to 2014, we performed 67 robot-assisted radical cystectomies combined with lymphadenectomy in 61 cases. The operations were performed on 37 patients due to muscle-invasive tumours and on 30 due to high-risk nonmuscle-invasive tumours. Urinary diversion was conducted extracorporeally, using a Studer neobladder in 47 cases...
October 18, 2016: Actas Urologicas Españolas
Evangelia Elenis, Gunilla Sydsjö, Alkistis Skalkidou, Claudia Lampic, Agneta Skoog Svanberg
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies resulting through oocyte donation have been associated with increased risk for adverse outcomes for the mother, such as gestational hypertensive disorders. However, little is known about possible neonatal complications of such pregnancies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the neonatal health outcomes among singleton pregnancies in a population of relatively young and healthy oocyte recipients in Sweden, taking into account the medical indication leading to treatment...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Richard Kalisa, Stephen Rulisa, Thomas van den Akker, Jos van Roosmalen
BACKGROUND: The WHO Maternal Near Miss (MNM) approach was developed to evaluate and improve quality of obstetric care worldwide. This study aimed to study the incidence of MNM and quality of care at a district hospital in rural Rwanda by applying this approach. METHODS: A facility based, prospective cohort study conducted at a district hospital in rural Rwanda between June 2013 and December 2014. Subjects were followed from time of admission to discharge or death...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Kathryn Schnippel, Rebecca H Berhanu, Andrew Black, Cynthia Firnhaber, Norah Maitisa, Denise Evans, Edina Sinanovic
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization, South Africa ranks as one of the highest burden of TB, TB/HIV co-infection, and drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) countries. DR-TB treatment is complicated to administer and relies on the use of multiple toxic drugs, with potential for severe adverse drug reactions. We report the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) during a standardised DR-TB treatment regimen at two outpatient, decentralized, public-sector sites in Johannesburg, South Africa...
October 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Ping Wang, Tao Yu, Lin Yang
Web-based-remote (WBR) intervention is a new approach that incorporates smart control technology and modern medicine to monitor patient compliance. It is based on computer control and communication technology. This study is to explore the benefits of WBR psychological intervention for cancer treatment. 128 patients diagnosed with cancer by Pathology Department of our hospital between 1 February 2013 and 1 August 2013 were included. Patients were randomly assigned to intervention and control group (n = 64)...
October 21, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Diane Gu, Yurong Mao, Zhenzhu Tang, Julio Montaner, Zhiyong Shen, Qiuying Zhu, Roger Detels, Xia Jin, Ran Xiong, Juan Xu, Walter Ling, Lynda Erinoff, Robert Lindblad, David Liu, Paul Van Veldhuisen, Albert Hasson, Zunyou Wu
BACKGROUND: Patients who are newly screened HIV positive by EIA are lost to follow-up due to complicated HIV testing procedures. Because this is the first step in care, it affects the entire continuum of care. This is a particular concern in rural China. OBJECTIVE(S): To assess the routine HIV testing completeness and treatment initiation rates at 18 county-level general hospitals in rural Guangxi. METHODS: We reviewed original hospital HIV screening records...
2016: PloS One
Eva Carlsson, Jeanette Fingren, Anne-Marie Hallén, Charlotta Petersén, Elisabet Lindholm
Despite advancements in the creation and care of stomas, ostomy and peristomal skin complications are common immediately following surgery as well as in the months and years thereafter. A prospective study to determine the prevalence of ostomy and peristomal skin complications and the influence of ostomy configuration on such complications was conducted 1 year after ostomy surgery among all patients at a university hospital in Sweden. All participants received regular (10 to 14 days post discharge, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year post surgery) ostomy follow-up care by a wound ostomy continence (WOC) nurse...
October 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
Yong Sung Won, Seung-Ju Lee, Hee Youn Kim, Dong Sup Lee
INTRODUCTION: Narrow working space is a major problem to overcome during retroperitoneoscopic ureterolithotomy. We evaluated initial 5 years experience of retroperitoneoscopic ureterolithotomy for large impacted upper ureteral calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2015, a total of 37 consecutive patients were evaluated. A 12-mm camera port at middle of midaxillary line and two 5-mm working ports in posterior axillary line were created...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Yongyue Wei, Paula Tejera, Zhaoxi Wang, Ruyang Zhang, Feng Chen, Li Su, Xihong Lin, Ednan K Bajwa, B Taylor Thompson, David C Christiani
RATIONALE: Platelets are believed to contribute to the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) pathogenesis through inflammatory coagulation pathways. We recently reported that LRRC16A modulates baseline platelet counts to mediate ARDS risk. OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of LRRC16A in ARDS survival and its mediating effect through platelets. METHODS: 414 ARDS cases from intensive care unit (ICU) were recruited which had exome-wide genotyping data, detailed platelet counts and follow-up data during ICU hospitalizaiton...
October 21, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Vujica Markovic, Dragan Vukovic, Aleksandra Radosavljevic, Ivan Marjanovic
PURPOSE: To investigate the possible association between acquired ectropion uveae and blunt trauma to the eye. We present 3 cases of acquired ectropion uveae that occurred after blunt trauma to the eye. There are no previously published data on possible association of these conditions. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients with ectropion uveae and eye injury at University Eye Hospital over a 10-year period (2006-2016). We analyzed medical records and clinical findings...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
R C Gerring, C T Ott, J M Curry, Z B Sargi, S T Wester
PurposeTo describe prognostic factors and survival outcomes in patients who underwent orbital exenteration for periocular non-melanoma cutaneous malignancies.MethodsThe authors performed an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of all patients who underwent orbital exenteration for non-melanoma periocular cutaneous malignancies at a tertiary care hospital system over a 10-year period. Patient demographics, tumor, and treatment data were recorded. Survival outcomes included disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS)...
October 21, 2016: Eye
Giovanni Milito, Giorgio Lisi, Elena Aronadio, Michela Campanelli, Dario Venditti, Simona Grande, Michele Grande
BACKGROUNDS: Hemorrhoidectomy is considered the gold standard and the most effective and definitive treatment for grades 3 or 4 haemorrhoids, and Milligan-Morgan's and Ferguson's procedures are the most widely used techniques throughout the world. The aim of the study is to present our surgical technique using LigasureTM vessel sealing, focus on technical aspects and surgical tricks showing our results with a huge number of patients and a long-term follow-up. METHODS: Between June 2001 and June 2014 at the University Hospital of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy, 1000 patients were selected to underwent LigaSureTM hemorrhoidectomy for III and IV degree haemorrhoids...
October 21, 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
Yan-Ling Liu, Man-Na Zhang, Guo-Yu Tong, Shou-Yue Sun, Yan-Hua Zhu, Ying Cao, Jie Zhang, Hong Huang, Ben Niu, Hong Li, Qing-Hua Guo, Yan Gao, Da-Long Zhu, Xiao-Ying Li
A multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled superiority trial with 18 months of follow-up was conducted to investigate whether oral zinc supplementation could further promote spermatogenesis in males with isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) receiving sequential purified urinary follicular-stimulating hormone/human chorionic gonadotropin (uFSH/hCG) replacement. Sixty-seven Chinese male IHH patients were recruited from the Departments of Endocrinology in eight tertiary hospitals and randomly allocated into the sequential uFSH/hCG group (Group A, n = 34) or the sequential uFSH plus zinc supplementation group (Group B, n = 33)...
October 21, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
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