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Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325841/single-center-experience-with-venovenous-ecmo-for-influenza-related-ards
#1
Jessica Buchner, Michael Mazzeffi, Zachary Kon, Jay Menaker, Lewis Rubinson, Gregory Bittle, Chetan Pasrija, Daniel Herr
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine whether venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) reduced mortality in patients with influenza-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Baseline characteristics of participants were compared and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare survival at last medical center follow-up. Cox proportional hazards modeling also was performed to test for univariate associations between salient variables and mortality...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323413/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-refractory-severe-respiratory-failure-in-acute-interstitial-pneumonia
#2
Gabriela Gonçalves-Venade, Nuno Lacerda-Príncipe, Roberto Roncon-Albuquerque, José Artur Paiva
Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) is a rare idiopathic interstitial lung disease with rapid progressive respiratory failure and high mortality. In the present report, three cases of AIP complicated by refractory respiratory failure supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are presented. One male and two female patients (ages 27-59) were included. Venovenous ECMO support was provided using miniaturized systems, with two-site femoro-jugular circuit configuration. Despite lung protective ventilation, prone position and neuromuscular blockade, refractory respiratory failure of unknown etiology supervened (ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional inspired oxygen 46-130) and ECMO was initiated after 3-7 days of mechanical ventilation...
January 11, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319634/hyperoxia-and-hypocapnia-during-pediatric-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-associations-with-complications-mortality-and-functional-status-among-survivors
#3
Katherine Cashen, Ron Reeder, Heidi J Dalton, Robert A Berg, Thomas P Shanley, Christopher J L Newth, Murray M Pollack, David Wessel, Joseph Carcillo, Rick Harrison, J Michael Dean, Robert Tamburro, Kathleen L Meert
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of hyperoxia and hypocapnia during pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and their relationships to complications, mortality, and functional status among survivors. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data collected prospectively by the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network. SETTING: Eight Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network-affiliated hospitals. PATIENTS: Age less than 19 years and treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation...
January 9, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295800/point-of-care-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-cannulation-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-make-it-simple
#4
Hong Joon Ahn, Jun Wan Lee, Ki Hyuk Joo, Yeon Ho You, Seung Ryu, Jin Woong Lee, Seung Whan Kim
BACKGROUND: Cannulation of the great vessels is required for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Currently, there is no guideline for optimal imaging modalities during percutaneous cannulation of ECMO. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe percutaneous cannulation guided by point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) for ECMO and compare it with fluoroscopy and landmark guidance. METHODS: Three groups (POCUS-, fluoroscopy-, and landmark-guided) of percutaneous cannulation for ECMO were analyzed retrospectively in a tertiary academic hospital...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274319/histopathologic-findings-in-lungs-of-patients-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#5
Hee Eun Lee, Eunhee S Yi, Jeffrey T Rabatin, J Kyle Bohman, Anja C Roden
BACKGROUND: The outcome of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) might be influenced by its complications. Only limited information is available regarding the pathologic consequences of ECMO especially in the era of modern ECMO technology. METHODS: We studied the histopathologic findings in autopsy lungs of patients treated with ECMO as compared to those without ECMO. Autopsy files were queried for cases with ECMO. An age and gender-matched control group, comprised of patients who died in the Intensive Care Unit without acute respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia, or ECMO, was compared with patients with ECMO for cardiac reason...
December 20, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251631/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-as-a-bridge-to-lung-transplantation-in-the-united-states-a-multicenter-survey
#6
Athanasios Tsiouris, Marie M Budev, James J Yun
The clinical use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a bridge to lung transplantation (LTx) has greatly increased in recent years. However, clinical practices for ECMO as a bridge to LTx vary widely between LTx centers. To better define the current practice of ECMO as a bridge to LTx, we surveyed pre-LTx ECMO practices among all adult LTx programs in the United States. All US LTx centers were surveyed (n = 57) between January and December 2014. Responses were received from 33 of 57 centers (58%)...
December 14, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249578/echocardiographic-guidance-and-troubleshooting-for-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-using-the-dual-lumen-bicaval-cannula
#7
REVIEW
Matthew J Griffee, Joseph E Tonna, Stephen H McKellar, Joshua M Zimmerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246547/retrieval-of-severe-acute-respiratory-failure-patients-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-any-impact-on-their-outcomes
#8
Nicolas Bréchot, Ciro Mastroianni, Matthieu Schmidt, Francesca Santi, Guillaume Lebreton, Anne-Marie Hoareau, Charles-Edouard Luyt, Juliette Chommeloux, Marina Rigolet, Said Lebbah, Guillaume Hekimian, Pascal Leprince, Alain Combes
OBJECTIVE: Mobile extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) retrieval teams (MERTs) assure ECMO implantation and under-ECMO retrieval of patients with most severe acute respiratory failure (ARF) to experienced ECMO centers. Although described as feasible, mobile ECMO has only been poorly evaluated in comparison with on-site implantation. This study was undertaken to compare the indications, characteristics, and outcomes of MERT-implanted patients with venovenous (VV)-ECMO versus those implanted on site in our intensive care unit (ICU)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237145/current-practices-in-the-management-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-patients-requiring-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-results-of-an-international-survey-of-pediatric-surgeons
#9
Sophia Abdulhai, Ian C Glenn, Neil L McNinch, Todd A Ponsky, Avraham Schlager
INTRODUCTION: There is little consensus on optimal management for congenital diaphragmatic hernia extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (CDH ECMO) patients. Meaningful comparisons of the various approaches have been limited due to the low number of cases in institutions. In addition, the multidisciplinary reliance and rigid institutional framework of ECMO serve to further limit exposure to alternative practices. The goal of this study is to survey the international pediatric surgery community to describe the current practice trends...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221484/the-impacts-of-baseline-ventilator-parameters-on-hospital-mortality-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-treated-with-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Meng-Yu Wu, Yu-Sheng Chang, Chung-Chi Huang, Tzu-I Wu, Pyng-Jing Lin
BACKGROUND: Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) is a valuable life support in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in adult patients. However, the success of VV-ECMO is known to be influenced by the baseline settings of mechanical ventilation (MV) before its institution. This study was aimed at identifying the baseline ventilator parameters which were independently associated with hospital mortality in non-trauma patients receiving VV-ECMO for severe ARDS. METHODS: This retrospective study included 106 non-trauma patients (mean age: 53 years) who received VV-ECMO for ARDS in a single medical center from 2007 to 2016...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155934/controlled-flow-diversion-in-hybrid-venoarterial-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#11
Mehmet Cakici, Fatih Gumus, Evren Ozcinar, Cagdas Baran, Onat Bermede, Mustafa Bahadir Inan, Mustafa Serkan Durdu, Mustafa Sirlak, Ahmet Ruchan Akar
OBJECTIVES: Patients on venoarterial or venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support may require venoarterial-venous (VAV-ECMO) configuration during follow-up. We report 12 cases of VAV-ECMO with significant outflow steal. METHODS: Between October 2014 and November 2016, a total of 97 patients (56.6 ± 12.0 years; 59 men/38 women; body surface area 1.84 ± 0.36 m 2 ) were supported with venoarterial ECMO ( n  = 85) or venovenous ECMO ( n  = 12)...
August 16, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149363/indications-for-extracorporeal-support-why-do-we-need-the-results-of-the-eolia-trial
#12
REVIEW
A Combes, N Bréchot, C-E Luyt, M Schmidt
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe lung disease, with an associated mortality rate exceeding 60% for the most severe forms of the disease. In these situations, establishing an extracorporeal circuit, combining a centrifugal pump and a membrane oxygenator (extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation, ECMO), can ensure total pulmonary assistance and allow the lungs to rest under ultraprotective mechanical ventilation. Unfortunately, former trials of ECMO in ARDS were negative or highly criticized due to many technical and methodological shortcomings...
November 17, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146420/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-used-successfully-in-a-near-fatal-case-of-opioid-induced-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#13
Karen Greenberg, Benjamin Kohl
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) was first recognized during the 1960s. It is a distinct type of hypoxemic respiratory failure characterized by acute abnormality of both lungs. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is being increasingly used for patients with severe ARDS refractory to otherwise conventional management. A 29year old male arrived with Emergency Medical Services (EMS) status post presumed heroin overdose. He was administered Naloxone 2mg intravenously prior to arrival in the emergency department...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135527/venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-to-prolong-pregnancy-a-case-report
#14
Omar Alyamani, Michael A Mazzeffi, Shobana Bharadwaj, Jessica H Galey, Ruofan Yao, Nirav G Shah, Andrew M Malinow
We report a gravida in fulminant acute respiratory distress syndrome, mechanically ventilated at 27 weeks estimated gestational age, who further deteriorated into severe combined hypercarbic, hypoxemic respiratory failure. At 30 weeks estimated gestational age, she was placed on venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) because of refractory respiratory failure. Her physical status improved without fetal deterioration. She was managed expectantly in an effort to allow continued fetal maturation...
November 9, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129346/bleeding-complications-associated-with-percutaneous-tracheostomy-insertion-in-patients-supported-with-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygen-support-a-10-year-institutional-experience
#15
Natalie Kruit, Kamen Valchanov, Gregoire Blaudszun, Jo-Anne Fowles, Alain Vuylsteke
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the bleeding complications associated with percutaneous tracheostomy while a patient is receiving venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygen (VV ECMO) support. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational analysis. SETTING: Single-center, tertiary, academic institution. PARTICIPANTS: All consecutive patients on VV ECMO over a 10 year-period undergoing percutaneous tracheostomy. INTERVENTIONS: Percutaneous tracheostomy...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126895/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-circulatory-and-respiratory-failure-a-single-center-experience
#16
Marisa Passos Silva, Daniel Caeiro, Paula Fernandes, Cláudio Guerreiro, Eduardo Vilela, Marta Ponte, Adelaide Dias, Fernando Alves, Jorge Morais, Andreza Mello, Lino Santos, Paula Castelões, Vasco Gama
INTRODUCTION: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) provides mechanical pulmonary and circulatory support for patients with shock refractory to conventional medical therapy. In this study we aim to describe the indications, clinical characteristics, complications and mortality associated with use of ECMO in a single tertiary hospital. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational cohort study of all patients supported with ECMO in two different intensive care units (general and cardiac), from the first patient cannulated in April 2011 up to October 2016...
November 7, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126674/echocardiography-as-an-adjunct-in-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#17
EDITORIAL
Vasileios Zochios, Andrew Roscoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116464/venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-devices-related-colonisations-and-infections
#18
Guillemette Thomas, Sami Hraiech, Nadim Cassir, Samuel Lehingue, Romain Rambaud, Sandrine Wiramus, Christophe Guervilly, Fanny Klasen, Mélanie Adda, Stéphanie Dizier, Antoine Roch, Laurent Papazian, Jean-Marie Forel
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections occurring during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support have already been reported, but few studied infections directly related to ECMO devices. This study aims to evaluate the rate of both colonisations and infections related to ECMO devices at the time of ECMO removal. RESULTS: We included all consecutive adult patients treated with venovenous ECMO (VV-ECMO) for at least 48 h during a 34-month study. At the time of ECMO removal, blood cultures, swab cultures on insertion cannula site and intravascular cannula extremity cultures were systematically performed...
November 7, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045280/sedation-practice-in-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-treated-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-retrospective-study
#19
Julian deBacker, Erik Tamberg, Laveena Munshi, Lisa Burry, Eddy Fan, Sangeeta Mehta
Our objective was to characterize sedation management in adult patients with severe respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treated with venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO). We conducted a retrospective chart review of these patients treated at Toronto General Hospital between January 2012 and October 2015. Medications administered (sedative, analgesic, paralytic, and antipsychotic), sedation depth (Sedation Agitation Scale [SAS] score) delirium assessments, and mobilization were recorded daily...
October 18, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033041/short-term-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-massive-endobronchial-hemorrhage-after-pulmonary-endarterectomy
#20
Stefan Guth, Christoph B Wiedenroth, Marc Wollenschläger, Manuel Jonas Richter, Hossein A Ghofrani, Matthias Arlt, Eckhard Mayer
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) is the only curative treatment option for patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Massive endobronchial bleeding that precludes weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass is an often-fatal complication of PEA. The aim of this study was to determine whether short-term extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a safe and feasible procedure in patients with severe endobronchial bleeding. METHODS: From January 2014 to December 2016, 396 patients (mean age 60 ± 18 years, 54...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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