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Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040370/benefit-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-major-burns-after-stun-grenade-explosion-experience-from-a-single-military-medical-center
#1
Po-Shun Hsu, Yi-Ting Tsai, Chih-Yuan Lin, Shyi-Gen Chen, Niann-Tzyy Dai, Cheng-Jung Chen, Jia-Lin Chen, Chien-Sung Tsai
INTRODUCTION: Explosion injury is very common on the battlefield and is associated with major burn and inhalation injuries and subsequent high mortality and morbidity rates. Here we report six victims who suffered from explosion injuries caused by stun grenade; all were treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as salvage therapy. This study was aimed to evaluate the indications and efficacy of ECMO in acute and critically ill major burn patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of six patients from Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center in Taiwan...
December 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986695/acute-oxygenator-failure-a-new-presentation-of-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia-in-a-patient-undergoing-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support
#2
Robert A Ratzlaff, Juan G Ripoll, Lena L Kassab, Jose L Diaz-Gomez
A 58-year-old man with medical history of thrombocytopenia was admitted to an outside hospital for a 6-day history of worsening dyspnoea requiring mechanical ventilator support. He was transferred to our institution for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) given his refractory hypoxaemia. On arrival, H1N1 influenza virus was confirmed and all measures to improve oxygenation were ineffective. Thus, the decision was made to start venovenous (VV)-ECMO. Although a low baseline platelet count was recognised (60-70×10(9)/L), a sudden further decrease occurred (30×10(9)/L) and platelet transfusion was initiated...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980748/complication-of-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-cannulation-the-significance-of-an-inferior-vena-cava-anomaly
#3
Pauline Yeung Ng, Chiu Cheuk Alfred Wong, Karl Young, Yin-Yee Kwong, Wai-Ching Sin
Physicians should be aware of possible anatomical variants during cannulation for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Particular attention to ensure continual visualization of the guidewire before proceeding to final positioning of the ECMO cannulae should be paid. Alternative imaging modalities should be contemplated when uncertainties arise to minimize the risk of inadvertent vascular injuries.
December 2016: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940774/venovenous-ecmo-for-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-role-of-ductal-patency-and-lung-recruitment
#4
Andrea Moscatelli, Stefano Pezzato, Gianluca Lista, Lara Petrucci, Silvia Buratti, Elio Castagnola, Pietro Tuo
We report a case of antenatally diagnosed left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia, managed on venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation with an hemodynamic and ventilation strategy aimed at preventing left and right ventricular dysfunction. Keeping the ductus arteriosus open with prostaglandin infusion and optimizing lung recruitment were effective in achieving hemodynamic stabilization and an ideal systemic oxygen delivery. The patient was discharged from the hospital and had normal development at 1 year of age...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923943/venovenous-ecmo-support-in-an-infant-with-single-ventricle-physiology-and-catastrophic-pulmonary-venous-abnormalities
#5
Richard P Fernandez, Don Hayes, Patrick I McConnell, Darren Berman
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an accepted treatment modality for life support refractory to conventional efforts in neonates with complex congenital heart lesions. Cannulation for ECMO can be accomplished by venovenous (VV) access where patients receive primarily respiratory support or venoarterial (VA) access which provides complete cardiopulmonary support. VV ECMO delivered by a single-vessel cannulation with a dual-chamber venous cannula allows for respiratory support while the patient remains dependent upon intrinsic cardiac function to support hemodynamics...
December 6, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923488/parallel-circuits-for-refractory-hypoxemia-on-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#6
Adnan Malik, Larry L Shears, Dmitriy Zubkus, David J Kaczorowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916395/principles-of-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#7
EDITORIAL
Ming-Sing Si
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898437/how-best-to-set-the-ventilator-on-extracorporeal-membrane-lung-oxygenation
#8
Luciano Gattinoni, Tommaso Tonetti, Michael Quintel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Extracorporeal respiratory support in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome is applied either as rescue maneuver for life-threatening hypoxemia or as a tool to reduce the harm of mechanical ventilation. Depending on the blood and gas flow, extracorporeal support may completely substitute the natural lung as a gas exchanger (high-flow venovenous bypass) or reduce the need for mechanical ventilation, enabling the removal of a fraction of the metabolically produced CO2...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898220/intensive-care-physiotherapy-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#9
Laveena Munshi, Tadahiro Kobayashi, Julian DeBacker, Ravi Doobay, Teagan Telesnicki, Vincent Lo, Nathalie Cote, Marcelo Cypel, Shaf Keshavjee, Niall D Ferguson, Eddy Fan
RATIONALE: There are limited data on physiotherapy during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize physiotherapy delivered to ARDS patients supported with ECMO, and to evaluate the association of this therapeutic modality with mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all adult ARDS patients supported with ECMO at our institution from 2010-2015...
November 29, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875409/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-beyond-rescue-therapy-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#10
Alain Combes, Nicolas Bréchot, Charles-Edouard Luyt, Matthieu Schmidt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes the results of past and more recent series on venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) and discusses its potential indications beyond the rescue of patients with lung failure refractory to conventional mechanical ventilation. RECENT FINDINGS: Successful VV-ECMO treatment in patients with extremely severe influenza A(H1N1)-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and positive results of the CESAR trial have led to an exponential use of the technology in recent years...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851528/1893-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-refractory-status-asthmaticus-a-case-series
#11
Brian Rissmiller, Brian Young, Matthew Musick, Lara Shekerdemian, Maria Gazzaneo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850610/972-ventilation-practices-in-children-on-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#12
Matthew Friedman, Michael Hobson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849788/144-obesity-paradox-in-patients-undergoing-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support
#13
Kha Dinh, Bindu Akkanti, Rahat Hussain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849705/25-a-comparison-of-anticoagulation-strategies-in-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#14
Aakash Shah, Chetan Pasrija, Anthony Kronfli, Eno-Obong Essien, Gregory Bittle, Jay Menaker, Daniel Herr, Zachary Kon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842949/the-hat-score-a-simple-risk-stratification-score-for-coagulopathic-bleeding-during-adult-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#15
Terence Lonergan, Daniel Herr, Zachary Kon, Jay Menaker, Raymond Rector, Kenichi Tanaka, Michael Mazzeffi
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to create an adult extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) coagulopathic bleeding risk score. DESIGN: Secondary analysis was performed on an existing retrospective cohort. Pre-ECMO variables were tested for association with coagulopathic bleeding, and those with the strongest association were included in a multivariable model. Using this model, a risk stratification score was created. The score's utility was validated by comparing bleeding and transfusion rates between score levels...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822747/venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-ards-outcome-analysis-of-a-croatian-referral-center-for-respiratory-ecmo
#16
Marko Kutleša, Anđa Novokmet, Renata Josipović Mraović, Bruno Baršić
BACKGROUND: The use of venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) as a rescue therapy in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has become well established; however, the affirmation of evidence on VV-ECMO application and the analysis of patient outcomes after VV-ECMO treatment for ARDS continues. The aim of the study is to identify variables that affected the outcome of patients treated with VV-ECMO for severe ARDS outside a major ECMO center. METHODS: The study included adult patients with severe ARDS treated with ECMO at a tertiary care hospital in Zagreb, Croatia between October 2009 and July 2014...
November 7, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743640/the-simplified-acute-physiology-score-ii-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-in-patients-who-underwent-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-septic-shock
#17
Myung Jin Choi, Sang Ook Ha, Hyoung Soo Kim, Sunghoon Park, Sang Jin Han, Sun Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for patients with septic shock is controversial. The outcomes are favorable in children but heterogeneous in adults. The present study aimed to analyze the outcomes of adult patients who underwent ECMO for septic shock, and to determine the factors associated with prognosis. METHODS: We respectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent ECMO for septic shock between January 2007 and December 2013...
October 12, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690525/anticoagulation-practices-during-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-respiratory-failure-a-systematic-review
#18
Michael C Sklar, Eric Sy, Laurance Lequier, Eddy Fan, Hussein D Kanji
BACKGROUND: The optimal anticoagulation strategy for venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) is not known. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety of anticoagulation strategies and monitoring during VV-ECMO for respiratory failure. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the association between anticoagulation strategies during VV-ECMO and prespecified outcomes, including major bleeding episodes, thrombotic events, and in-hospital mortality...
December 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670564/venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-pediatric-respiratory-failure
#19
P Benson Ham, Brice Hwang, Linda J Wise, K Christian Walters, Walter L Pipkin, Charles G Howell, Jatinder Bhatia, Robyn Hatley
Conventional treatment of respiratory failure involves positive pressure ventilation that can worsen lung damage. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is typically used when conventional therapy fails. In this study, we evaluated the use of venovenous (VV)-ECMO for the treatment of severe pediatric respiratory failure at our institution. A retrospective analysis of pediatric patients (age 1-18) placed on ECMO in the last 15 years (1999-2014) by the pediatric surgery team for respiratory failure was performed...
September 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666781/serial-lactate-measurements-as-a-prognostic-tool-in-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support
#20
Manuela Bonizzoli, Chiara Lazzeri, Giovanni Cianchi, Maria Boddi, Morena Cozzolino, Simona Di Valvasone, Paolo Terenzi, Stefano Batacchi, Marco Chiostri, Adriano Peris
BACKGROUND: Serial lactate measurements over time or lactate clearance has been reported to be clinically reliable for risk stratification in different pathologic conditions ranging from sepsis to trauma, but no data are so far available on the behavior of lactate during venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) support in refractory adult acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: We assessed lactate values during VV-ECMO support and the prognostic role of lactate clearance at 6, 24, and 72 hours after ECMO start in 126 consecutive patients with refractory ARDS treated with VV-ECMO...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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