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myoblast transplantation DMD

Maria Siemionow, Joanna Cwykiel, Ahlke Heydemann, Jesus Garcia, Enza Marchese, Krzysztof Siemionow, Erzsebet Szilagyi
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive and lethal disease caused by mutations of the dystrophin gene. Currently no cure exists. Stem cell therapies targeting DMD are challenged by limited engraftment and rejection despite the use of immunosuppression. There is an urgent need to introduce new stem cell-based therapies that exhibit low allogenic profiles and improved cell engraftment. In this proof-of-concept study, we develop and test a new human stem cell-based approach to increase engraftment, limit rejection, and restore dystrophin expression in the mdx/scid mouse model of DMD...
March 15, 2018: Stem Cell Reviews
M Siemionow, J Cwykiel, A Heydemann, J Garcia-Martinez, K Siemionow, E Szilagyi
Over the past decade different stem cell (SC) based approaches were tested to treat Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), a lethal X-linked disorder caused by mutations in dystrophin gene. Despite research efforts, there is no curative therapy for DMD. Allogeneic SC therapies aim to restore dystrophin in the affected muscles; however, they are challenged by rejection and limited engraftment. Thus, there is a need to develop new more efficacious SC therapies. Chimeric Cells (CC), created via ex vivo fusion of donor and recipient cells, represent a promising therapeutic option for tissue regeneration and Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation (VCA) due to tolerogenic properties that eliminate the need for lifelong immunosuppression...
April 2018: Stem Cell Reviews
Sara Benedetti, Narumi Uno, Hidetoshi Hoshiya, Martina Ragazzi, Giulia Ferrari, Yasuhiro Kazuki, Louise Anne Moyle, Rossana Tonlorenzi, Angelo Lombardo, Soraya Chaouch, Vincent Mouly, Marc Moore, Linda Popplewell, Kanako Kazuki, Motonobu Katoh, Luigi Naldini, George Dickson, Graziella Messina, Mitsuo Oshimura, Giulio Cossu, Francesco Saverio Tedesco
Transferring large or multiple genes into primary human stem/progenitor cells is challenged by restrictions in vector capacity, and this hurdle limits the success of gene therapy. A paradigm is Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), an incurable disorder caused by mutations in the largest human gene: dystrophin. The combination of large-capacity vectors, such as human artificial chromosomes (HACs), with stem/progenitor cells may overcome this limitation. We previously reported amelioration of the dystrophic phenotype in mice transplanted with murine muscle progenitors containing a HAC with the entire dystrophin locus (DYS-HAC)...
February 2018: EMBO Molecular Medicine
Samara Camaçari de Carvalho, Sajedah M Hindi, Ashok Kumar, Maria Julia Marques
In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), lack of dystrophin leads to progressive muscle degeneration, with DMD patients suffering from cardiorespiratory failure. Cell therapy is an alternative to life-long corticoid therapy. Satellite cells, the stem cells of skeletal muscles, do not completely compensate for the muscle damage in dystrophic muscles. Elevated levels of proinflammatory and profibrotic factors, such as metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), impair muscle regeneration, leading to extensive fibrosis and poor results with myoblast transplantation therapies...
June 17, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
Neena Lala-Tabbert, Dechen Fu, Nadine Wiper-Bergeron
UNLABELLED: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene, is the most common muscular dystrophy. Characterized by rounds of muscle degeneration and regeneration, DMD features progressive muscle wasting and is fatal. One approach for treatment is transplantation of muscle progenitor cells to repair and restore dystrophin expression to damaged muscle. However, the success of this approach has been limited by difficulties in isolating large numbers of myogenic progenitors with strong regenerative potential, poor engraftment, poor survival of donor cells, and limited migration in the diseased muscle...
April 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Haiying Pan, Kinga Vojnits, Thomas T Liu, Fanwei Meng, Lei Yang, Yigang Wang, Johnny Huard, Charles S Cox, Kevin P Lally, Yong Li
Myoblast transplantation (MT) is a method to introduce healthy genes into abnormal skeletal muscle. It has been considered as a therapeutic modality in the last few decades for diseases such as Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). However, challenges including cell death and poor graft engraftment have limited its application. The current experiment utilizes MMP1 gene transfer to improve the efficacy of myoblast transplantation into the diseased dystrophic skeletal muscle of mdx mice. Our results indicated that MMP1 expression can promote myogenic differentiation and fusion capacities, increase migration of MMP1 expressing myoblasts in vitro, as well as improve engraftment of dystrophin positive myofibers in vivo...
2015: Cell Adhesion & Migration
Anna Bajek, Dorota Porowinska, Tomasz Kloskowski, Edyta Brzoska, Maria A Ciemerych, Tomasz Drewa
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the most common and most severe form of all muscular dystrophies, leads to progressive muscle fiber necrosis, fibroblast proliferation, and growth of fibrous tissue and fat. The most common cause of death in DMD patients is cardiac and respiratory failure. Current pharmacological and other treatment methods do not lead to full recovery. For this reason, new alternatives for skeletal muscle regeneration are being investigated. Transplantation of myoblasts from healthy donors is one studied approach to muscle treatment in DMD patients...
2015: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
David G Ousterout, Ami M Kabadi, Pratiksha I Thakore, William H Majoros, Timothy E Reddy, Charles A Gersbach
The CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing platform is a promising technology to correct the genetic basis of hereditary diseases. The versatility, efficiency and multiplexing capabilities of the CRISPR/Cas9 system enable a variety of otherwise challenging gene correction strategies. Here, we use the CRISPR/Cas9 system to restore the expression of the dystrophin gene in cells carrying dystrophin mutations that cause Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). We design single or multiplexed sgRNAs to restore the dystrophin reading frame by targeting the mutational hotspot at exons 45-55 and introducing shifts within exons or deleting one or more exons...
February 18, 2015: Nature Communications
David G Ousterout, Ami M Kabadi, Pratiksha I Thakore, Pablo Perez-Pinera, Matthew T Brown, William H Majoros, Timothy E Reddy, Charles A Gersbach
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by genetic mutations that result in the absence of dystrophin protein expression. Oligonucleotide-induced exon skipping can restore the dystrophin reading frame and protein production. However, this requires continuous drug administration and may not generate complete skipping of the targeted exon. In this study, we apply genome editing with zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) to permanently remove essential splicing sequences in exon 51 of the dystrophin gene and thereby exclude exon 51 from the resulting dystrophin transcript...
March 2015: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Ju Ang Kim, Yun Hee Shon, Jeong Ok Lim, James J Yoo, Hong-In Shin, Eui Kyun Park
INTRODUCTION: Human amniotic fluid stem (hAFS) cells have been shown to differentiate into multiple lineages, including myoblasts. However, molecular mechanisms underlying the myogenic differentiation of hAFS cells and their regenerative potential for muscle injury remain to be elucidated. METHODS: In order to induce myogenic differentiation of hAFS cells, lentiviruses for MYOD were constructed and transduced into hAFS cells. Formation of myotube-like cells was analyzed by immunocytochemistry, and expression of molecular markers for myoblasts was analyzed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting...
2013: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Sajedah M Hindi, Jonghyun Shin, Yuji Ogura, Hong Li, Ashok Kumar
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) caused by loss of cytoskeletal protein dystrophin is a devastating disorder of skeletal muscle. Primary deficiency of dystrophin leads to several secondary pathological changes including fiber degeneration and regeneration, extracellular matrix breakdown, inflammation, and fibrosis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a group of extracellular proteases that are involved in tissue remodeling, inflammation, and development of interstitial fibrosis in many disease states. We have recently reported that the inhibition of MMP-9 improves myopathy and augments myofiber regeneration in mdx mice (a mouse model of DMD)...
2013: PloS One
Jean-Yves Hogrel, Fabien Zagnoli, Aurélie Canal, Bodvael Fraysse, Jean-Pierre Bouchard, Daniel Skuk, Michel Fardeau, Jacques P Tremblay
Because it is due to a mutation on the X-chromosome, Duchenne muscular dystrophy rarely affects women, unless there is an unequal lyonisation of the X-chromosome containing the normal dystrophin gene. We report here the unique situation of a symptomatic Duchenne muscular dystrophy woman who was transplanted with myoblasts received from her asymptomatic monozygotic twin sister 20 years ago. Specific dynamometry was performed to possibly detect a long-term effect of this cell therapy. Long-term safety of myoblast transplantation was established by this exceptional case...
July 2013: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Kelly Gutpell, Rebecca McGirr, Lisa Hoffman
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe genetic neuromuscular disorder that affects 1 in 3,500 boys, and is characterized by progressive muscle degeneration. In patients, the ability of resident muscle satellite cells (SCs) to regenerate damaged myofibers becomes increasingly inefficient. Therefore, transplantation of muscle progenitor cells (MPCs)/myoblasts from healthy subjects is a promising therapeutic approach to DMD. A major limitation to the use of stem cell therapy, however, is a lack of reliable imaging technologies for long-term monitoring of implanted cells, and for evaluating its effectiveness...
2013: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Christopher M Penton, Jennifer M Thomas-Ahner, Eric K Johnson, Cynthia McAllister, Federica Montanaro
Muscle side population (SP) cells are rare multipotent stem cells that can participate in myogenesis and muscle regeneration upon transplantation. While they have been primarily studied for the development of cell-based therapies for Duchenne muscular dystrophy, little is known regarding their non-muscle lineage choices or whether the dystrophic muscle environment affects their ability to repair muscle. Unfortunately, the study of muscle SP cells has been challenged by their low abundance and the absence of specific SP cell markers...
2013: PloS One
Thomas Laumonier, Amandine Pradier, Pierre Hoffmeyer, Vincent Kindler, Jacques Menetrey
Myoblast transplantation represents a promising therapeutic strategy in the treatment of several genetic muscular disorders including Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Nevertheless, such an approach is impaired by the rapid death, limited migration, and rejection of transplanted myoblasts by the host. Low molecular weight dextran sulfate (DXS), a sulfated polysaccharide, has been reported to act as a cytoprotectant for various cell types. Therefore, we investigated whether DXS could act as a "myoblastprotectant" either in vitro or in vivo after transplantation in immunodeficient mice...
2013: Cell Transplantation
Sébastien Goudenege, Carl Lebel, Nicolas B Huot, Christine Dufour, Isao Fujii, Jean Gekas, Joël Rousseau, Jacques P Tremblay
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) have an endless self-renewal capacity and can theoretically differentiate into all types of lineages. They thus represent an unlimited source of cells for therapies of regenerative diseases, such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), and for tissue repair in specific medical fields. However, at the moment, the low number of efficient specific lineage differentiation protocols compromises their use in regenerative medicine. We developed a two-step procedure to differentiate hESCs and dystrophic hiPSCs in myogenic cells...
November 2012: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Kitipong Uaesoontrachoon, Dimuthu K Wasgewatte Wijesinghe, Eleanor J Mackie, Charles N Pagel
Osteopontin is secreted by skeletal muscle myoblasts and stimulates their proliferation. Expression of osteopontin in skeletal muscle is upregulated in pathological conditions including Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and recent evidence suggests that osteopontin might influence the course of this disease. The current study was undertaken to determine whether osteopontin regulates skeletal muscle regeneration. A whole muscle autografting model of regeneration in osteopontin-null and wild-type mice was used. Osteopontin expression was found to be strongly upregulated in wild-type grafts during the initial degeneration and subsequent early regeneration phases that are observed in this model...
January 2013: Disease Models & Mechanisms
Francesco Saverio Tedesco, Mattia F M Gerli, Laura Perani, Sara Benedetti, Federica Ungaro, Marco Cassano, Stefania Antonini, Enrico Tagliafico, Valentina Artusi, Emanuela Longa, Rossana Tonlorenzi, Martina Ragazzi, Giorgia Calderazzi, Hidetoshi Hoshiya, Ornella Cappellari, Marina Mora, Benedikt Schoser, Peter Schneiderat, Mitsuo Oshimura, Roberto Bottinelli, Maurilio Sampaolesi, Yvan Torrente, Vania Broccoli, Giulio Cossu
Mesoangioblasts are stem/progenitor cells derived from a subset of pericytes found in muscle that express alkaline phosphatase. They have been shown to ameliorate the disease phenotypes of different animal models of muscular dystrophy and are now undergoing clinical testing in children affected by Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. Here, we show that patients with a related disease, limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2D (LGMD2D), which is caused by mutations in the gene encoding α-sarcoglycan, have reduced numbers of this pericyte subset and thus produce too few mesoangioblasts for use in autologous cell therapy...
June 27, 2012: Science Translational Medicine
Raouia Fakhfakh, Se-Jin Lee, Jacques P Tremblay
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a recessive disease caused by a dystrophin gene mutation. Myoblast transplantation permits the introduction of the dystrophin gene into dystrophic muscle fibers. However, this strategy has so far produced limited results. Modulation of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily signaling promotes skeletal muscle differentiation and growth and myogenic regeneration. We investigated the possibility that the combination of TGF-β superfamily signaling inhibition with myoblast transplantation might be an effective therapeutic approach in dystrophin-deficient patients...
2012: Cell Transplantation
Xiaorong Ma, Shengli Zhang, Junmei Zhou, Baisong Chen, Yafeng Shang, Tongbing Gao, Xue Wang, Hua Xie, Fang Chen
Stem cell-based therapy may be the most promising method to cure skeletal muscle degenerative diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and trauma in the future. Human amniotic fluid is enriched with early-stage stem cells from developing fetuses and these cells have cardiomyogenic potential both in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, we investigated the characteristics of human amniotic fluid-derived AF-type stem (HAF-AFS) cells by flow cytometry, immunofluorescence staining, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, and osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation analysis...
August 2012: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
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