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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330724/a-novel-nomogram-for-predicting-postsurgical-intra-abdominal-infection-in-gastric-cancer-patients-a-prospective-study
#1
Chen-Chen Mao, Xiao-Dong Chen, Ji Lin, Wei-Shan Zhu-Ge, Zhong-Dong Xie, Xi-Yi Chen, Feng-Min Zhang, Rui-Sen Wu, Wei-Teng Zhang, Neng Lou, Li Shi, Guan-Bao Zhu, Xian Shen
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the relationship between intra-abdominal infection (IAI) and sarcopenia prospectively and to construct a nomogram to identify patients at a high risk of IAI. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 682 consecutive patients with gastric cancer who underwent radical gastrectomy. The sarcopenia elements, including lumbar skeletal muscle index, handgrip strength, and gait speed, were measured before surgery. Factors contributing to IAI were determined through univariate and multivariate analysis...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325794/association-of-posture-and-ambulation-with-function-at-30-days-post-hospital-discharge-in-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#2
Theresa A Floegel, Jared M Dickinson, Cheryl DerAnanian, Marianne McCarthy, Steven P Hooker, Matthew P Buman
PURPOSE: To investigate the predictive value of in-hospital posture and ambulatory activity for 30-d following discharge on functional status in older patients with heart failure. METHODS: Prospective observational pilot study of 27 patients (78 ± 9.8yrs; 51.8% female) admitted with heart failure. Participants wore two inclinometric accelerometers to record posture in-hospital, and an ankle accelerometer to record ambulatory activity in-hospital and 30 days after discharge...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325583/an-integrated-delivery-of-care-approach-to-improve-patient-reported-physical-function-and-mental-wellbeing-after-orthopedic-trauma-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324061/the-prediction-of-deterioration-of-nutritional-status-during-chemoradiation-therapy-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#4
Sofia C M Rietveld, Jill E Witvliet-van Nierop, Karen Ottens-Oussoren, Donald L van der Peet, Marian A E de van der Schueren
Patients with esophageal cancer are at high risk of developing malnutrition during neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT), which in turn is associated with postoperative morbidity. The aim of the study is to explore whether parameters of a complete pre-treatment nutritional status may predict deterioration of nutritional status during CRT in patients with esophageal cancer. In this prospective cohort study, 101 patients with esophageal cancer treated with CRT were included. Data of patient characteristics, tumor classification, performance score, %weight change, body mass index, fat (free) mass index, phase angle, handgrip strength, energy- and protein intake, and use of (additional) dietary supplements were collected...
January 11, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318794/osteosarcopenia-in-patients-with-hip-fracture-is-related-with-high-mortality
#5
Jun Il Yoo, Hyunho Kim, Yong Chan Ha, Hyuck Bin Kwon, Kyung Hoi Koo
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the prevalence of osteosarcopenia, as well as the relationship between one-year mortality and osteosarcopenia, as defined by criteria of the Asian Working Group on Sarcopenia in patients age 60 or older with hip fracture. METHODS: A total of 324 patients age 60 years or older with hip fracture were enrolled in this retrospective observational study. The main outcome measure was the prevalence of osteosarcopenia, as well as the relationship between osteosarcopenia and 1-year mortality...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314571/relative-changes-in-handgrip-strength-and-skeletal-muscle-volume-in-patients-with-chronic-liver-disease-over-two-year-observation-period
#6
Atsushi Hiraoka, Kojiro Michitaka, Hirofumi Izumoto, Hidetaro Ueki, Shogo Kitahata, Toshihiko Aibiki, Tomonari Okudaira, Hiroka Yamago, Yuji Miyamoto, Ryuichiro Iwasaki, Hideomi Tomida, Kenichiro Mori, Hideki Miyata, Eiji Tsubouchi, Masato Kishida, Masashi Hirooka, Masanori Abe, Bunzo Matsuura, Tomoyuki Ninomiya, Yoichi Hiasa
BACKGROUND/AIM: There are few reports regarding relative changes in muscle function of patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). We examined CLD patients to evaluate relative changes in handgrip strength and muscle volume. MATERIAL/METHODS: We enrolled 413 CLD outpatients who underwent handgrip strength measurements in both 2015 and 2017 [age 67.9±10.0 years, male/female=242/171, HCV/HBV/HBV&HCV/alcohol/others=239/92/4/22/56, Child-Pugh score (CPS) in 2017 (5/6/7/8/9/≥10=319/56/13/11/5/9)]...
January 4, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306892/association-of-body-flexibility-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-japanese-middle-aged-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Masataka Suwa, Takayuki Imoto, Akira Kida, Takashi Yokochi, Mitsunori Iwase, Kenji Kozawa
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of body flexibility with carotid arterial remodelling, including intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque formation in middle-aged men. METHODS: The subjects of this cross-sectional study included 1354 Japanese men aged 35-59 years without histories of stroke or cardiac diseases. The arm extensibility test, which can estimate flexibility of the upper extremity (composed of shoulder external rotation and forearm supination), and the sit-and-reach test were performed...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305245/home-parenteral-nutrition-increases-fat-free-mass-in-patients-with-incurable-gastrointestinal-cancer-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Sine Roelsgaard Obling, Benedicte Vibjerg Wilson, Per Pfeiffer, Jens Kjeldsen
OBJECTIVE: Preventing loss of muscle mass and function is an enduring challenge in malnourished patients with incurable cancer. The benefit of supplemental home parenteral nutrition has not been firmly established. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of supplemental home parenteral nutrition, the primary endpoint being fat free mass (FFM) and secondary: muscle function, quality of life and overall survival. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a single centre open-label randomised controlled trial, patients with incurable gastrointestinal cancer, nutritionally at risk, were randomly assigned to either; a) best practice nutritional care and dietetic counselling (non-sHPN) or b) dietetic counselling and supplemental home parenteral nutrition (sHPN group)...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301558/leucine-and-ace-inhibitors-as-therapies-for-sarcopenia-lace-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Margaret M Band, Deepa Sumukadas, Allan D Struthers, Alison Avenell, Peter T Donnan, Paul R Kemp, Karen T Smith, Cheryl L Hume, Adrian Hapca, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia (the age-related loss of muscle mass and function) is a major contributor to loss of mobility, falls, loss of independence, morbidity and mortality in older people. Although resistance training is effective in preventing and reversing sarcopenia, many older people are sedentary and either cannot or do not want to exercise. This trial examines the efficacy of supplementation with the amino acid leucine and/or angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition to potentially improve muscle mass and function in people with sarcopenia...
January 4, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300839/associations-of-sarcopenia-definitions-and-their-components-with-the-incidence-of-recurrent-falling-and-fractures-the-longitudinal-aging-study-amsterdam
#10
Laura A Schaap, Natasja M van Schoor, Paul Lips, Marjolein Visser
Background: The aim was to investigate the associations of sarcopenia as defined by European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) and Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) Sarcopenia Project, and their underlying components, with the incidence of recurrent falling and fractures. Methods: In 498 older older men and women (mean age 75.2 (SD 6.4)) from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA), the sarcopenia components lean mass (DXA), handgrip strength (handheld dynamometer) and gait speed were measured...
December 30, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300433/dynapenic-abdominal-obesity-increases-mortality-risk-among-english-and-brazilian-older-adults-a-10-year-follow-up-of-the-elsa-and-sabe-studies
#11
T da Silva Alexandre, S Scholes, J L Ferreira Santos, Y A de Oliveira Duarte, C de Oliveira
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: There is little epidemiological evidence demonstrating that dynapenic abdominal obesity has higher mortality risk than dynapenia and abdominal obesity alone. Our main aim was to investigate whether dynapenia combined with abdominal obesity increases mortality risk among English and Brazilian older adults over ten-year follow-up. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: United Kingdom and Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Data came from 4,683 individuals from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) and 1,490 from the Brazilian Health, Well-being and Aging study (SABE), hence the final sample of this study was 6,173 older adults...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300416/the-association-between-bmi-and-different-frailty-domains-a-u-shaped-curve
#12
M L Rietman, D L van der A, S H van Oostrom, H S J Picavet, M E T Dollé, H van Steeg, W M M Verschuren, A M W Spijkerman
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies showed a U-shaped association between BMI and (physical) frailty. We studied the association between BMI and physical, cognitive, psychological, and social frailty. Furthermore, the overlap between and prevalence of these frailty domains was examined. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: The Doetinchem Cohort Study is a longitudinal population-based study starting in 1987-1991 examining men and women aged 20-59 with follow-up examinations every 5 yrs...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289723/diaphragm-muscle-dysfunction-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#13
Mari Miyagi, Yoshiharu Kinugasa, Takeshi Sota, Kensaku Yamada, Takuya Ishisugi, Masayuki Hirai, Kiyotaka Yanagihara, Nobuhiko Haruki, Koichi Matsubara, Masahiko Kato, Kazuhiro Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Inspiratory muscle weakness is associated with the development of exercise intolerance in patients with heart failure (HF). Ultrasound assessment of the diaphragm is used to evaluate respiratory muscle function, but its application in patients with HF remains undefined. We examined the relationship of diaphragm function as assessed by ultrasonography with inspiratory muscle strength and exercise tolerance in HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients hospitalized with HF were enrolled...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287124/impact-of-delirium-on-postoperative-frailty-and-long-term-cardiovascular-events-after-cardiac-surgery
#14
Masato Ogawa, Kazuhiro P Izawa, Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi, Yasunori Tsuboi, Kodai Komaki, Yasuko Gotake, Yoshitada Sakai, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yutaka Okita
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a common and critical complication after cardiac surgery. However, the relationship between POD and postoperative physical frailty and the effect of both on long-term clinical outcomes have not been fully explored. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the associations among POD, postoperative frailty, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE). DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. METHODS: We studied 329 consecutive patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278920/muscle-weakness-and-functional-limitations-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-older-adults
#15
Ryan P McGrath, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Brenda M Vincent, William J Kraemer, Mark D Peterson
OBJECTIVES: Muscle weakness is often linked to functional limitations in older adults. However, certain demographic characteristics, such as ethnicity, may differentially impact the association between weakness and functional limitations. This investigation sought to (1) identify sex- and ethnically-specific muscle weakness thresholds associated with functional limitations among older adults, and (2) determine the odds of functional limitations for each ethnicity by sex after identifying older adults below the weakness thresholds...
December 26, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278424/feasibility-of-systematic-handgrip-strength-testing-in-digestive-cancer-patients-treated-with-chemotherapy-the-fightdigo-study
#16
Marie-Amélie Ordan, Camille Mazza, Coralie Barbe, Marine Perrier, Damien Botsen, Yohann Renard, Johanna Moreau, Mathilde Brasseur, Barbara Taillière, Éric Bertin, Olivier Bouché
BACKGROUND: Handgrip strength (HGS) is a widely studied noninvasive test. Weak strength (dynapenia) seems to be associated with high morbidity and mortality in different populations, notably oncology populations. Despite this, HGS testing is not used in daily practice in oncology. The study was aimed at evaluating the feasibility and acceptability of HGS testing in patients with digestive cancer treated with ambulatory chemotherapy. METHODS: In this prospective, single-center study, enrolled patients were followed for 6 months...
December 26, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246506/age-related-changes-of-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-strength-among-italian-and-taiwanese-older-people-results-from-the-milan-expo-2015-survey-and-the-i-lan-longitudinal-aging-study
#17
Emanuele Marzetti, An-Chun Hwang, Matteo Tosato, Li-Ning Peng, Riccardo Calvani, Anna Picca, Liang-Kung Chen, Francesco Landi
BACKGROUND: Muscle mass and strength ineluctably decline with advancing age. Yet, the impact of ethnicity on the pattern of changes and their magnitude is unclear. The aims of the present study were to analyze age- and gender-specific changes in measures of muscle mass and strength among community-living persons and to identify differences between Caucasian and Asian participants. METHODS: The Italian survey ("Longevity Check-up"), conducted during Milan EXPO 2015, consisted of a population assessment aimed at evaluating the prevalence of specific health metrics in persons outside of a conventional research setting (n=1924), with a special focus on muscle mass and strength...
December 12, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240672/amount-distribution-and-quality-of-protein-intake-are-not-associated-with-muscle-mass-strength-and-power-in-healthy-older-adults-without-functional-limitations-an-enable-study
#18
Anne Gingrich, Alexandra Spiegel, Robert Kob, Daniel Schoene, Thomas Skurk, Hans Hauner, Cornel C Sieber, Dorothee Volkert, Eva Kiesswetter
To maintain muscle mass in older age, several aspects regarding the amount and distribution of protein intake have been suggested. Our objective was to investigate single and combined associations of daily protein intake, evenness of protein distribution across the three main meals, number of meals providing ≥0.4 g protein/kg body weight (BW), and number of meals providing ≥2.5 g leucine, with muscle mass, strength, and power in successful agers. In this cross-sectional study in 97 healthy community-dwelling adults without functional limitations aged 75-85 years, protein intake was assessed using 7-day food records...
December 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239991/a-multiple-repeated-sprint-ability-test-with-four-changes-of-direction-for-badminton-players-part-2-predicting-skill-level-with-anthropometry-strength-shuttlecock-and-displacement-velocity
#19
Michael Phomsoupha, Guillaume Laffaye
The goal of this study was: (i) to assess general and specific lower and upper limb force, shuttlecock velocity, displacement ability and the anthropometric characteristics of badminton players at five skill levels, and (ii) to predict individual players' number of points. We divided 83 participants into groups of novice (n=15), intermediate (n=16), skilled (n=23), highly skilled (n=14) and elite (n=15) players. The number of points scored for each player performing tournaments (excluding novices) during the entire season was used as a continuous and dependent variable after logarithmic transformation for correlational study...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231059/association-between-hand-grip-strength-and-erectile-dysfunction-in-older-men
#20
Ho Seok Chung, Min-Ho Shin, Kwangsung Park
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between handgrip strength and erectile dysfunction (ED) in community-dwelling older men. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1771 participants of the Dong-gu Study. Handgrip strength was measured with a handheld dynamometer. ED was assessed with the Korean version of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF). ED was categorized as none to mild (IIEF-EF scores of 13-30) and moderate to severe (IIEF-EF scores of 0-12)...
December 12, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
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