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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804497/subjective-global-assessment-and-handgrip-strength-as-predictive-factors-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#1
Maria Ciocîrlan, Andreea Ruxandra Cazan, Mihaela Barbu, Mircea Mănuc, Mircea Diculescu, Mihai Ciocîrlan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition is common in patients with chronic liver disease. We aimed to evaluate malnutrition assessment tools in predicting severity and survival of patients with liver cirrhosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined patients with liver cirrhosis. Nutritional evaluation was performed on admission, using subjective global assessment (SGA), handgrip strength (HGS), and anthropometry. Patients were followed up for 6 months. RESULTS: We included 100 patients, 72 men, with mean age of 59...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796126/physiological-pattern-changes-in-response-to-a-simulated-competition-in-elite-women-artistic-gymnasts
#2
Laurie Isacco, Gaël Ennequin, Johan Cassirame, Nicolas Tordi
The outstanding progress in women's artistic gymnastics in recent decades has led to increased technical and physiological demands. The aim of this study was to investigate i) the physiological demands of elite French gymnasts and ii) the impact of a competitive routine on physiological pattern changes. Fourteen French elite female gymnasts performed anthropometric measurements, physical fitness tests and a simulated four event competition. Heart rate (HR) was continuously recorded throughout the duration of the simulated competition...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795485/relationship-between-ultrasound-muscle-thickness-and-mri-measured-muscle-cross-sectional-area-in-the-forearm-a-pilot-study
#3
Takashi Abe, Miyuki Nakatani, Jeremy P Loenneke
Previous studies have investigated the relationship between ultrasound-measured muscle thickness (MT) and individual muscle cross-sectional area (CSA); however, the forearm muscle had not yet been studied. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between forearm MT by ultrasound and the muscle CSA of the forearm obtained by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Ten young and middle-aged adults had both ultrasound and MRI measurements at 30% the distance from the styloid process of the ulna to the head of the radius...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790226/effect-of-metformin-on-handgrip-strength-gait-speed-myostatin-serum-level-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-among-non-diabetic-pre-frail-elderly-patients
#4
Purwita Wijaya Laksmi, Siti Setiati, Tirza Z Tamin, Pradana Soewondo, Wasilah Rochmah, Nafrialdi Nafrialdi, Joedo Prihartono
BACKGROUND: sarcopenia contributes to the development of frailty syndrome. Frailty syndrome is potentially improved by modifying insulin resistance, inflammation, and myostatin level. This study is aimed to investigate the effect of metformin on handgrip strength, gait speed, myostatin serum level, and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) among non-diabetic pre-frail elderly patients. METHODS: a double blind randomized controlled trial study was conducted on non-diabetic elderly outpatients aged ≥ 60 years with pre-frail status based on phenotype and/ or index criteria (Cardiovascular Health Study and/ or Frailty Index 40 items) consecutively recruited from March 2015 to June 2016 at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital...
April 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765572/association-of-handgrip-strength-with-hospitalization-cardiovascular-events-and-mortality-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Hidetaka Hamasaki, Yu Kawashima, Hisayuki Katsuyama, Akahito Sako, Atsushi Goto, Hidekatsu Yanai
Handgrip strength is useful for the diagnosis of sarcopenia. We examined the associations of handgrip strength with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, and hospitalization in patients with type 2 diabetes. From April 2013 to December 2015, we conducted a retrospective cohort study to examine patients with type 2 diabetes whose handgrip strength was measured at our hospital. All patients were followed up until May 2016. A total of 1,282 patients (63.8 ± 13.9 years) were enrolled and followed up for 2...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765418/the-emergence-of-sarcopenia-as-an-important-entity-in-older-people
#6
Natalie J Offord, Miles D Witham
Sarcopenia refers to the loss of muscle mass and strength seen with advancing age. The pathophysiology is multifactorial, with loss of muscle satellite cells, changes in hormonal systems, chronic inflammation, oxidative stress and anabolic resistance to protein utilisation all implicated. Older age, female sex and immobility are important risk factors. Sarcopenia is clinically important as it is a major risk factor for physical frailty, falls, prolonged hospitalisation, dependency and earlier death. Diagnosis requires evidence of reduced muscle mass measured by handgrip strength or walk speed, together with evidence of low muscle mass, measured by one of a variety of techniques such as bioimpedance analysis or dual X-ray absorptiometry...
July 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764647/relationship-between-oral-health-and-fried-s-frailty-criteria-in-community-dwelling-older-persons
#7
Benedikta Kamdem, Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Fabiana Botrugno, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
BACKGROUND: Oral health and frailty might be linked through several pathways, but previous studies are scarce. This study examined the association between oral health and components of Fried's frailty phenotype. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis was based on a sample of 992 community-dwelling persons aged 73 to 77 years observed in the 2011 follow-up of the Lausanne 65+ cohort (Lc65+) study. Data were collected through annual mailed questionnaires, interview and physical examination...
August 1, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762628/prognostic-value-of-physical-function-tests-and-muscle-mass-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Rubén Hernández-Luis, Esther Martín-Ponce, María Monereo-Muñoz, Geraldine Quintero-Platt, Silvia Odeh-Santana, Emilio González-Reimers, Francisco Santolaria
AIM: To determine the prognostic value for mortality of physical function tests, muscle mass loss, disability and frailty in elderly hospitalized patients. METHODS: We prospectively included 298 hospitalized patients aged >60 years (152 men and 146 women). We assessed comorbidity using the Charlson Comorbidity Index; nutrition by body mass index, midarm muscle area and subjective nutritional score; physical muscle function by handgrip strength, gait speed, standing balance and stand up test; disability using the Barthel test and activities of daily living; frailty by the clinical frailty scale and Fried frailty index; and cognitive impairment by the Pfeiffer test...
August 1, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760428/influence-of-nutritional-status-in-the-diagnosis-of-sarcopenia-in-nursing-home-residents
#9
Beatriz Lardiés-Sánchez, Alejandro Sanz-París, Javier Pérez-Nogueras, Antonio Serrano-Oliver, María E Torres-Anoro, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition and sarcopenia frequently coexist in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of nutritional status in the diagnosis of sarcopenia in nursing home residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with data collected from 339 elderly patients living in five nursing homes. Sarcopenia was defined according to the consensus definition of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Body mass composition was assessed using bioimpedance analysis, handgrip strength using a dynamometer, and physical performance by 5-m gait speed test...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759349/association-between-handgrip-muscle-strength-and-cardiometabolic-z-score-in-children-6-to-19-years-of-age-results-from-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#10
Brittany V Rioux, Paul Kuwornu, Atul Sharma, Mark S Tremblay, Jonathan M McGavock, Martin Sénéchal
BACKGROUND: It is unclear if muscle strength, another index of fitness, which confers the protection from cardiometabolic risk in adults, is associated with similar protection in children and youth. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between handgrip strength and cardiometabolic health in a large Canadian sample of children and youth. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the Canadian sample of children and youth aged 6 to 19 years (n = 1376) studied in the Canadian Health Measures Survey (cycles 1 and 2) between 2007 and 2011...
July 31, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751368/functional-correlates-of-detailed-body-composition-in-healthy-elderly-subjects
#11
Corinna Geisler, Lisa Schweitzer, Manfred James Müller
Methods of body composition analysis (BCA) are now widely used to characterize health status, i.e. nutritional status, metabolic rates and cardio-metabolic risk factors. However, the functional correlates of individual body components have not been systematically analyzed. A 2-compartment model was assessed by air displacement plethysmographie, detailed body composition (BC)was measured by whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a healthy population of 40 Caucasians aged 65 to 81 years (20 males; body mass index range: 18...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750971/the-influence-of-physical-fitness-on-pressure-pain-threshold-of-elderly-women
#12
Fábio Marcon Alfieri, Alessandra Rodrigues de Souto Lima, Natália Cristina de Oliveira, Leslie Andrews Portes
Several factors may influence pressure pain threshold (PPT), including physical fitness. However, only a few authors have studied this relationship. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between muscle strength, functional capacity (ability to perform physical work and activities of daily living) and PPT in elderly women. This observational cross-sectional study involved 75 healthy women aged between 60 and 75 years. Volunteers underwent an evaluation consisting of anthropometry, functional capacity, muscle strength and PPT assessment by algometry in the following muscles: biceps brachii, flexor carpi ulnaris, flexor carpi radialis, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis and gluteus maximus...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750957/effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-functional-capacity-anthropometric-measurements-and-inflammatory-markers-in-diabetic-elderly-women
#13
Daniela Maria da Cruz Dos Anjos, Bruno de Souza Moreira, Renata Noce Kirkwood, Rosângela Corrêa Dias, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira
This study investigated the effects of an aerobic training program on functional capacity [Timed Up and Go test (TUG), timed 10-m walk test (10MWT), five-repetition sit-to-stand test (5-STS), handgrip strength test (HGS) and one-legged stance test (OLS)], anthropometric measurements [body mass, body mass index (BMI), waist and hip circumferences and waist-to-hip ratio] and plasma levels of inflammatory markers [soluble tumor necrosis factor receptors 1 and 2, and interleukins 6 and 10] in 43 elderly women with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747529/detection-and-quantification-of-inbreeding-depression-for-complex-traits-from-snp-data
#14
Loic Yengo, Zhihong Zhu, Naomi R Wray, Bruce S Weir, Jian Yang, Matthew R Robinson, Peter M Visscher
Quantifying the effects of inbreeding is critical to characterizing the genetic architecture of complex traits. This study highlights through theory and simulations the strengths and shortcomings of three SNP-based inbreeding measures commonly used to estimate inbreeding depression (ID). We demonstrate that heterogeneity in linkage disequilibrium (LD) between causal variants and SNPs biases ID estimates, and we develop an approach to correct this bias using LD and minor allele frequency stratified inference (LDMS)...
July 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740941/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-intervention-on-handgrip-strength-of-brazilian-healthy-soldiers
#15
Danielle Soares Morel, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Samuel Brandão Sobrinho Neto, Laisa Liane Paineiras Domingos, Patrícia Lopes de Souza, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá Caputo, Glenda Dias Costa, Cláudia Ferreira de Figueiredo, Roberto Carlos Resende Carmo, Patrícia de Castro de Paiva, Cintia Renata Sousa Gonçalves, Cristiane Ribeiro Kütter, Eliane de Oliveira Guedes de Aguiar, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: Whole body vibration (WBV) exercises have been investigated as an alternative and complementary method to traditional resistance programs for fitness improvements in healthy subjects. Active militaries must have a high fitness level and have to improve some physical abilities to accomplish some specific tasks in Army, as climb ropes, climb walls and pull up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven young and healthy soldiers from Brazilian Army were exposed to mechanical vibration in a push-up position, with different frequencies, as 25 (first session), 30 (second session), 35 (third session), 40 (fourth session) and 45 Hz (fifth session)...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737046/instrumented-assessment-of-physical-activity-is-associated-with-muscle-function-but-not-with-muscle-mass-in-a-general-population
#16
Anna G M Rojer, Esmee M Reijnierse, Marijke C Trappenburg, Rob C van Lummel, Martijn Niessen, Kim S van Schooten, Mirjam Pijnappels, Carel G M Meskers, Andrea B Maier
OBJECTIVES: Self-reported physical activity has shown to affect muscle-related parameters. As self-report is likely biased, this study aimed to assess the association between instrumented assessment of physical activity (I-PA) and muscle-related parameters in a general population. METHOD: Included were 156 young-to-middle-aged and 80 older community-dwelling adults. Seven days of trunk accelerometry (DynaPort MoveMonitor, McRoberts B.V.) quantified daily physical activity (i...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734576/predictive-validity-analysis-of-six-reference-equations-for-the-6-minute-walk-test-in-healthy-brazilian-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Alexandher Negreiros, Rosimeire Simprini Padula, Rosane Andrea Bretas Bernardes, Mônica Vasconcelos de Moraes, Raquel Simoni Pires, Luciana Dias Chiavegato
BACKGROUND: The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is an important tool for evaluating functional capacity and exercise tolerance. The reference equations for the 6MWT in healthy subjects were established on the basis of American and European populations, but reference equations have been proposed with different variables for the Brazilian population. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the predictive validity of six reference equations for the six-minute walking distance (6MWD) in healthy adult men...
July 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733130/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-a-progressive-exercise-program-on-the-range-of-motion-and-upper-extremity-grip-strength-in-young-adults-with-breast-cancer
#18
Marize Ibrahim, Thierry Muanza, Nadia Smirnow, Warren Sateren, Beatrice Fournier, Petr Kavan, Michael Palumbo, Richard Dalfen, Mary-Ann Dalzell
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of breast cancer in young women (aged 18-45 years) has been increasing. Women are commonly left coping with treatment-related disabilities of the upper limb that can persist for > 2 years postoperatively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 59 young breast cancer patients (29 in the intervention group and 30 in the control group) participated in a pilot prospective randomized controlled trial to determine whether a 12-week postradiation exercise program would improve long-term arm mobility, pain, and handgrip strength...
June 24, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731832/effects-of-cervical-high-velocity-low-amplitude-techniques-on-range-of-motion-strength-performance-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-review
#19
Xabier Galindez-Ibarbengoetxea, Igor Setuain, Lars L Andersen, Robinson Ramírez-Velez, Miriam González-Izal, Andoni Jauregi, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: Cervical high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulation technique is among the oldest and most frequently used chiropractic manual therapy, but the physiologic and biomechanics effects were not completely clear. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to describe the effects of cervical HVLA manipulation techniques on range of motion, strength, and cardiovascular performance. METHODS/DESIGN: A systematic search was conducted of the electronic databases from January 2000 to August 2016: PubMed (n = 131), ScienceDirect (n = 101), Scopus (n = 991), PEDro (n = 33), CINAHL (n = 884), and SciELO (n = 5)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731551/sarcopenia-and-hospitalisation-costs-in-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ana C Antunes, Daniela A Araújo, Manuel T Veríssimo, Teresa F Amaral
AIM: The impact of sarcopenia on hospitalisation has been under intense investigation; however, little is known about the association between sarcopenia and their costs among hospitalised patients. The aim of the present study was to quantify the association between sarcopenia and hospitalisation costs among older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 201 hospitalised older adults in a general hospital. Sarcopenia was identified according to the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) criteria...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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