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Post-intubation dysphagia

Manohar Panneer, Saravana Babu, Prakash Murugaiyan
Background and Aim: Physiological changes during pregnancy and the sympatho adrenalstimulation during larynoscopy and intubation leads to evaluation of safe devices to secure airway during cesarean section under general anesthesia. I-gel, recently emerging effective supra glottic device found safe during general anesthesia in cesarean section. Aim of the study is to compare the hemodynamic disturbances and airway related complications of I-gel and Endotracheal tube in patients undergoing cesarean section under general anesthesia...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Mi Wang, Wael Saasouh, Thomas Botsford, Allen Keebler, Andrew Zura, Michael S Benninger, Rafi Avitsian
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD), a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain is commonly thought of as a motion disorder, but it can have significant effect on the respiratory system. Respiratory failure is the most common cause of death in these patients, but it can also affect laryngeal function causing dysphonia, dysphagia, and dysarthric speech.. Acute upper airway obstruction is a very rare finding in PD, especially in the perioperative settings...
December 8, 2017: World Neurosurgery
Jiwon Lee, Hee-Pyoung Park, Mu-Hui Jeong, Hyun-Chang Kim
PURPOSE: Postoperative sore throat (POST) after general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation is a common and undesirable complication. In this study, we evaluated the combined effects of paracetamol and dexamethasone on the prevention of POST in patients after general anesthesia. METHODS: A total of 226 patients scheduled for urologic surgery under general anesthesia were randomly assigned to one of two groups. In the DexaPara group (n = 113), dexamethasone (10 mg) and paracetamol (1000 mg) was infused...
December 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
Angela M Dietsch, Christopher B Rowley, Nancy Pearl Solomon, William G Pearson
Purpose: Artificial airway procedures such as intubation and tracheotomy are common in the treatment of traumatic injuries, and bolus modifications may be implemented to help manage swallowing disorders. This study assessed artificial airway status, bolus properties (volume and viscosity), and the occurrence of laryngeal penetration and/or aspiration in relation to mechanical features of swallowing. Method: Coordinates of anatomical landmarks were extracted at minimum and maximum hyolaryngeal excursion from 228 videofluoroscopic swallowing studies representing 69 traumatically injured U...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Scott A Weinstein, Evan Everest, Jeremy Purdell-Lewis, Michael Harrison, Fiona Tavender, Sam Alfred, Liz Marrack, Chris Davenport-Klunder, Neralie Wearn, Julian White
INTRODUCTION: A case of life threatening envenoming by a wild specimen of the inland taipan, Oxyuranus microlepidotus, is described. There have been 11 previously well-documented envenomings by O. microlepidotus, but only 2 were inflicted by wild snakes. Envenomed patients have presented predominantly with defibrinating coagulopathy and neurotoxicity. CASE REPORT: The victim was seeking to observe members of an isolated population of this species and was envenomed while attempting to photograph an approximately 1...
July 8, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Hye Won Shin, Joon Chul Jang, Hyong Hwan Lim, Min Kyung Park, Go Eun Bae, Seung Uk Choi, Ji Yong Park
Anterior cervical osteophytes are commonly found in elderly patients, but rarely produce symptoms. When symptoms occur, they can range from mild symptoms of dysphagia, dysphonia, and foreign body sensation to severe symptoms of airway obstruction due to compression of the pharynx or larynx. We report the case of a 59-year-old man who underwent brain tumor surgery, and developed post-operative respiratory difficulty due to progressive pharyngo-laryngeal edema, requiring urgent endotracheal intubation, secondary to the presence of a previously asymptomatic anterior cervical osteophyte...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Sandeep Kumar, Sarah Marchina, Joseph Massaro, Wayne Feng, Sourabh Lahoti, Magdy Selim, Shoshana J Herzig
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a serious but a preventable stroke complication. Prediction scales for post-stroke pneumonia have been proposed with an intent to improve surveillance and prevention but they remain under-utilized in clinical practice. Most existing scales were developed using both ventilated and non-ventilated patients which may affect their accuracy. We derived and validated a novel, pragmatic scale to predict hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) after stroke employing only a non-ventilated stroke cohort...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Roberta Weber Werle, Eduardo Matias Dos Santos Steidl, Renata Mancopes
Purpose: To identify the main factors associated with oropharyngeal dysphagia following cardiac surgery through a systematic review of the literature. Methods: A bibliographic search was conducted in the PubMed and ScienceDirect databases using the following keywords: "cardiac surgery", "deglutition disorders", and "dysphagia". Selection criteria: Articles published in Portuguese, English, or Spanish addressing oropharyngeal dysphagia following cardiac surgery were selected with no time limitation...
September 2016: CoDAS
Akira Naomi, Yoshinori Oyamatsu, Kunio Narita, Masato Nakayama, Shoki Maeda
A 46-year-old female visited a hospital due to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and then her chest computed tomography revealed an abnormal shadow in the upper mediastinum. Four months later,she complained muscle weakness with her limbs, dysphagia, and ptosis of her eyelids. Total thymectomy was performed through a median sternotomy for mass lesion, which was pathologically proven to be type B1 thymoma. Postoperative myasthenia gravis (MG) crisis, which led to respiratory failure requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation, developed and laboratory tests showed elevated serum anti-AChR Ab(130 nmol/l), antinuclear antibody( ×640 serum dilution, speckled pattern) and anti-RNP Ab(129...
September 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Min Jung Kim, Yun Hee Park, Young Sook Park, You Hong Song
OBJECTIVE: To identify the associations between the duration of endotracheal intubation and developing post-extubational supraglottic and infraglottic aspiration (PEA) and subsequent aspiration pneumonia. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study from January 2009 to November 2014 of all adult patients who had non-neurologic critical illness, required endotracheal intubation and were referred for videofluoroscopic swallowing study. Demographic information, intensive care unit (ICU) admission diagnosis, severity of critical illness, duration of endotracheal intubation, length of stay in ICU, presence of PEA and severity of dysphagia were reviewed...
October 2015: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Emma Daly, Anna Miles, Samantha Scott, Michael Gillham
PURPOSE: This retrospective audit set out to identify referral rates, swallowing characteristics, and risk factors for dysphagia and silent aspiration in at-risk patients after cardiac surgery. Dysphagia and silent aspiration are associated with poorer outcomes post cardiac surgery. METHODS: One hundred ninety patients who survived cardiac surgery and received more than 48 hours of intubation were included. Preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative information was collected...
February 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Mohd Meesam Rizvi, Raj Bahadur Singh, Mohd Asim Rasheed, Arindam Sarkar
CONTEXT: Postoperative throat complaints such as postoperative sore throat (POST), dysphagia, and hoarseness frequently arises after tracheal intubation and throat packing for patient undergoing general anesthesia. This condition is very disturbing to patient. Avoiding POST is a major priority for these patients because preventing postoperative complications contributes to patient satisfaction. AIMS: To describe and analyze the postoperative throat effects of nasopharyngeal packing and oropharyngeal packing in patients undergoing nasal surgery...
May 2015: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Dennis Yang, Davinderbir Pannu, Qing Zhang, Jeffrey D White, Peter V Draganov
INTRODUCTION: Data on anesthesia management and outcomes associated with peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) performed exclusively in the endoscopy unit are limited. In this prospective study, we evaluated the safety of anesthesia management, and the feasibility and efficacy of POEM performed exclusively in the endoscopy unit. METHODS: A single-center prospective study of consecutive patients with achalasia treated with POEM in an endoscopy unit was performed. Safety of anesthesia management and POEM were determined by procedure-related adverse events...
August 2015: Endoscopy International Open
Rebecca Scheel, Jessica M Pisegna, Edel McNally, Jacob Pieter Noordzij, Susan E Langmore
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the frequency of swallowing dysfunction after extubation in a sample of patients with no preexisting dysphagia. METHODS: Mechanically ventilated patients in the ICU with no prior history of dysphagia received a flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) exam within 72 hours after extubation. The FEES was then analyzed for variables related to swallowing patterns and laryngeal pathology. Univariate analyses were performed to identify relationships between variables...
January 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Tianheng Zheng, Xinpu Zhu, Huazheng Liang, Haixia Huang, Jiandao Yang, Shaoshi Wang
We hypothesized that early enteral nutritional support would improve the short term prognosis of acute stroke patients with dysphagia, demonstrated by lower malnutrition rates, lower complication rates, and lower National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores at 90 days post stroke. Nutrition support is an essential element in the care of stroke patients and many studies have investigated the effect of specific nutritional elements on stroke patients. However, few studies have looked at the impact of complete enteral nutrition on Chinese patients with acute stroke...
September 2015: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Ryan E Nelson, John Carter, Akash G Anand
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if hypopharyngeal surgery for obstructive sleep apnea is associated with significant morbidity in the early post-operative period. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea who underwent hypopharyngeal surgery at a tertiary care facility between November 2012 and September 2013 were included in this study. Surgical outcomes were assessed from medical records review and a 14 question telephone survey. Results: Twenty-two patients underwent hypopharyngeal surgery for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
January 2015: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
Byung-Joon Chun, Ja-Sung Bae, So-Hui Lee, Jin Joo, Eun-Sung Kim, Dong-Il Sun
BACKGROUND: The present study was performed to determine whether thyroidectomy patients undergoing general anesthesia provided with a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) have a lower risk of voice-related complications and laryngopharyngeal symptoms than those undergoing endotracheal intubation (ETI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective, double-blinded, randomized clinical trial, we studied 64 patients undergoing elective thyroid lobectomy between July 2013 and February 2014...
July 2015: World Journal of Surgery
Han Su, Tzu-Yu Hsiao, Shih-Chi Ku, Tyng-Guey Wang, Jang-Jaer Lee, Wen-Chii Tzeng, Guan-Hua Huang, Cheryl Chia-Hui Chen
The tongue plays important roles in mastication, swallowing, and speech, but its sensorimotor function might be affected by endotracheal intubation. The objective of this pilot study was to describe disturbances in the sensorimotor functions of the tongue over 14 days following oral endotracheal extubation. We examined 30 post-extubated patients who had prolonged (≥48 h) oral endotracheal intubation from six medical intensive care units. Another 36 patients were recruited and examined from dental and geriatric outpatient clinics served as a comparison group...
April 2015: Dysphagia
Mohan Rudrappa, Nikhil K Meena, Brendon Colaco, Clinton Colaco, Penchala Mittadodla
Miscellaneous Case Report Posters IIISESSION TYPE: Affiliate Case Report PosterPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Spontaneous thyroid hemorrhage is life threatening condition if not timely recognized. Despite the increasing use of oral vitamin k antagonists only few cases of thyroid hemorrhage causing airway compromise have been reported in literature. Our case reiterates the importance of timely diagnosis and managementCASE PRESENTATION: A 73 year old white woman with deep vein thrombosis on warfarin was admitted to a community hospital for management of urinary tract infection...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Ahmed M Sharata, Christy M Dunst, Radu Pescarus, Eran Shlomovitz, Aaron J T Wille, Kevin M Reavis, Lee L Swanström
INTRODUCTION: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a flexible endoscopic approach to the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) providing access for a myotomy to relieve dysphagia. The technique has been adopted worldwide due to reports of excellent short-term clinical outcomes. We report on a consecutive patient cohort with clinical and objective outcomes representing the establishment of a POEM program within a busy esophageal surgical practice. METHODS: Comprehensive data was collected prospectively on all patients undergoing POEM from October 2010 to November 2013 at a single institution...
January 2015: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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