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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426961/endogenous-piezo1-can-confound-mechanically-activated-channel-identification-and-characterization
#1
Adrienne E Dubin, Swetha Murthy, Amanda H Lewis, Lucie Brosse, Stuart M Cahalan, Jörg Grandl, Bertrand Coste, Ardem Patapoutian
A gold standard for characterizing mechanically activated (MA) currents is via heterologous expression of candidate channels in naive cells. Two recent studies described MA channels using this paradigm. TMEM150c was proposed to be a component of an MA channel partly based on a heterologous expression approach (Hong et al., 2016). In another study, Piezo1's N-terminal "propeller" domain was proposed to constitute an intrinsic mechanosensitive module based on expression of a chimera between a pore-forming domain of the mechanically insensitive ASIC1 channel and Piezo1 (Zhao et al...
April 19, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426083/energetic-isomers-of-1-2-4-5-tetrazine-bis-1-2-4-triazoles-with-low-toxicity
#2
A Shlomovich, T Pechersky, A Cohen, Q L Yan, M Kosa, N Petrutik, N Tal, A Aizikovich, M Gozin
A series of nitrogen-rich "green" Energetic Materials (EMs), some with improved sensitivity, thermostability, and very low toxicity, were synthesized on the basis of 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazole (DAT) and 1,2,4,5-tetrazine building blocks. Since DAT contains several nucleophilic reactive sites, obtaining selective reactivity and specific isomeric products with 1,2,4,5-tetrazine precursors is a challenging task. We developed reaction conditions under which specific isomers could be prepared. On evaluating these compounds for their energetic properties, we found that N(5),N(5)'-(1,2,4,5-tetrazine-3,6-diyl)-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazole-3,5-diamine) 1 has very high thermostability (onset of decomposition temperature at 357 °C) and it is insensitive to impact (Im > 98 J), friction (>360 N) and electrostatic discharge (2512 mJ)...
April 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426045/enzyme-coated-janus-nanoparticles-that-selectively-bind-cell-receptors-as-a-function-of-the-concentration-of-glucose
#3
Gabriele Rucinskaite, Sebastian A Thompson, Sureyya Paterson, Roberto de la Rica
A method is proposed for controlling the number of nanoparticles bound to cell membranes via RGDS peptide-integrin interactions. It consists of propelling nanoparticles bearing the peptides with enzymes (glucose oxidase), which disrupts biomolecular interactions as a function of the concentration of enzyme substrate (glucose).
April 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425175/haemorrhagic-snake-venom-metalloproteases-and-human-adams-cleave-lrp5-6-which-disrupts-cell-cell-adhesions-in-vitro-and-induces-haemorrhage-in-vivo
#4
Tadahiko Seo, Taketo Sakon, Shiori Nakazawa, Asuka Nishioka, Kohei Watanabe, Kaori Matsumoto, Mari Akasaka, Narumi Shioi, Hitoshi Sawada, Satohiko Araki
Snake venom metalloproteases (SVMPs) are members of the a disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM) family of proteins, as they possess similar domains. SVMPs are known to elicit snake venom-induced haemorrhage; however, the target proteins and cleavage sites are not known. In this work, we identified a target protein of vascular apoptosis-inducing protein 1 (VAP1), an SVMP, relevant to its ability to induce haemorrhage. VAP1 disrupted cell-cell adhesions by relocating VE-cadherin and γ-catenin from the cell-cell junction to the cytosol, without inducing proteolysis of VE-cadherin...
April 20, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421859/water-sensation-during-passive-propulsion-for-expert-and-nonexpert-swimmers
#5
Kenta Kusanagi, Daisuke Sato, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Norimasa Yamada
This study determined whether expert swimmers, compared with nonexperts, have superior movement perception and physical sensations of propulsion in water. Expert (national level competitors, n = 10) and nonexpert (able to swim 50 m in > 3 styles, n = 10) swimmers estimated the distance propelled in water with their eyes closed. Both groups indicated their subjective physical sensations in the water. For each of two trials, two-dimensional coordinates were obtained from video recordings using the two-dimensional direct linear transformation method for calculating changes in speed...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420533/observer-based-consensus-of-networked-thrust-propelled-vehicles-with-directed-graphs
#6
Weiye Cang, Zhongkui Li, Hanlei Wang
In this paper, we investigate the consensus problem for networked underactuated thrust-propelled vehicles (TPVs) interacting on directed graphs. We propose distributed observer-based consensus protocols, which avoid the reliance on the measurements of translational velocities and accelerations. Using the input-output analysis, we present necessary and sufficient conditions to ensure that the observer-based protocols can achieve consensus for both the cases without and with constant communication delays, provided that the communication graph contains a directed spanning tree...
April 15, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418062/flexible-aspartates-propel-iron-to-the-ferroxidation-sites-along-pathways-stabilized-by-a-conserved-arginine-in-dps-proteins-from-mycobacterium-smegmatis
#7
Sunanda Margrett Williams, Dipankar Chatterji
DNA-binding proteins under starvation (Dps) are dodecameric nano-compartments for iron oxidation and storage in bacterial cells. These proteins have roughly spherical structures with a hollow interior where iron is stored. Through mutational analysis of a conserved arginine residue in the second Dps protein from Mycobacterium smegmatis, we have identified residues which stabilize the interfaces between the iron entry and ferroxidation sites. Also, we have used X-ray crystallography to determine the structures of co-crystals of iron and Dps in varying proportions and compare the changes in these ligand-bound forms with respect to the apo-protein...
April 18, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415221/dynamic-phases-of-active-matter-systems-with-quenched-disorder
#8
Cs Sándor, A Libál, C Reichhardt, C J Olson Reichhardt
Depinning and nonequilibrium transitions within sliding states in systems driven over quenched disorder arise across a wide spectrum of size scales ranging from atomic friction at the nanoscale, flux motion in type II superconductors at the mesoscale, colloidal motion in disordered media at the microscale, and plate tectonics at geological length scales. Here we show that active matter or self-propelled particles interacting with quenched disorder under an external drive represents a class of system that can also exhibit pinning-depinning phenomena, plastic flow phases, and nonequilibrium sliding transitions that are correlated with distinct morphologies and velocity-force curve signatures...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414901/assembled-suprastructures-of-inorganic-chiral-nanocrystals-and-hierarchical-chirality
#9
Peng-Peng Wang, Shang-Jie Yu, Min Ouyang
Chiral organizations ubiquitously exist in biomaterials via hierarchical assembly of chiral molecules, but assembly of chiral inorganic nanocrystals (NCs) has been lacking. Recent development of cinnabar HgS NCs that can possess precisely engineered chirality originating from both atomic lattice and morphology offers an emerging class of inorganic building blocks to explore their hierarchical assembly. Two different forms of suprastructures, collinear chains and propellers, have been achieved with various chiral HgS NC building blocks via distinct assembly mechanisms...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414715/transcriptional-regulatory-logic-of-the-diurnal-cycle-in-the-mouse-liver
#10
Jonathan Aryeh Sobel, Irina Krier, Teemu Andersin, Sunil Raghav, Donatella Canella, Federica Gilardi, Alexandra Styliani Kalantzi, Guillaume Rey, Benjamin Weger, Frédéric Gachon, Matteo Dal Peraro, Nouria Hernandez, Ueli Schibler, Bart Deplancke, Felix Naef
Many organisms exhibit temporal rhythms in gene expression that propel diurnal cycles in physiology. In the liver of mammals, these rhythms are controlled by transcription-translation feedback loops of the core circadian clock and by feeding-fasting cycles. To better understand the regulatory interplay between the circadian clock and feeding rhythms, we mapped DNase I hypersensitive sites (DHSs) in the mouse liver during a diurnal cycle. The intensity of DNase I cleavages cycled at a substantial fraction of all DHSs, suggesting that DHSs harbor regulatory elements that control rhythmic transcription...
April 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414130/effect-of-oxidation-of-the-non-catalytic-%C3%AE-propeller-domain-on-the-substrate-specificity-of-prolyl-oligopeptidase-from-pleurotus-eryngii
#11
Shota Tokai, Tomohiro Bito, Katsuhiko Shimizu, Jiro Arima
Enzymes belonging to the S9 family of prolyl oligopeptidases are of interest because of their pharmacological importance and have a non-catalytic β-propeller domain. In this study, we found that the oxidation of Met203, which lies on surface of the β-propeller domain, leads to change in the substrate specificity of eryngase, an enzyme from Pleurotus eryngii and a member of the S9 family of prolyl oligopeptidases. The activity of eryngase for L-Phe-p-nitroanilide was maintained following hydrogen peroxide treatment but was dramatically reduced for other p-nitroanilide substrates...
April 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410868/quantifying-cardiorespiratory-responses-resulting-from-speed-and-slope-increments-during-motorized-treadmill-propulsion-among-manual-wheelchair-users
#12
Cindy Gauthier, Murielle Grangeon, Ludivine Ananos, Rachel Brosseau, Dany H Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory fitness assessment and training among manual wheelchair (MW) users are predominantly done with an arm-crank ergometer. However, arm-crank ergometer biomechanics differ substantially from MW propulsion biomechanics. This study aimed to quantify cardiorespiratory responses resulting from speed and slope increments during MW propulsion on a motorized treadmill and to calculate a predictive equation based on speed and slope for estimating peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) in MW users...
April 11, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409341/zebrafish-pronephros-development
#13
Richard W Naylor, Sarah S Qubisi, Alan J Davidson
The pronephros is the first kidney type to form in vertebrate embryos. The first step of pronephrogenesis in the zebrafish is the formation of the intermediate mesoderm during gastrulation, which occurs in response to secreted morphogens such as BMPs and Nodals. Patterning of the intermediate mesoderm into proximal and distal cell fates is induced by retinoic acid signaling with downstream transcription factors including wt1a, pax2a, pax8, hnf1b, sim1a, mecom, and irx3b. In the anterior intermediate mesoderm, progenitors of the glomerular blood filter migrate and fuse at the midline and recruit a blood supply...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408065/cheaper-faster-or-better-are-simple-estimations-of-safety-parameters-of-hazardous-materials-reliable-comments-on-thermal-behaviors-nonisothermal-decomposition-reaction-kinetics-thermal-safety-and-burning-rates-of-btatz-cmdb-propellant-by-zhao-et-al-2010
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405070/nitrous-oxide-induced-vitamin-b12-deficiency
#15
Lindsey Stockton, Cameron Simonsen, Susan Seago
Nitrous oxide is a gas that is odorless, colorless, and has a sweet taste at room temperature. Nitrous oxide has several uses, including in surgery and dentistry (referred to as "laughing gas"), in automotive racing, and in aerosol spray propellants. The aerosol spray propellants that typically use nitrous oxide are whipped cream canisters and cooking sprays. Unfortunately, these over-the-counter household items are a source of nitrous oxide that can be used for recreational use. The most popular is the use of industrial-grade canisters having the slang term "whippets...
April 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404729/wings-as-impellers-honey-bees-co-opt-flight-system-to-induce-nest-ventilation-and-disperse-pheromones
#16
Jacob M Peters, Nick Gravish, Stacey A Combes
Honey bees (Apis mellifera) are remarkable fliers that regularly carry heavy loads of nectar and pollen, supported by a flight system - the wings, thorax and flight muscles - that one might assume is optimized for aerial locomotion. However, honey bees also use this system to perform other crucial tasks that are unrelated to flight. When ventilating the nest, bees grip the surface of the comb or nest entrance and fan their wings to drive airflow through the nest, and a similar wing-fanning behavior is used to disperse volatile pheromones from the Nasonov gland...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403846/the-new-field-of-precision-psychiatry
#17
Brisa S Fernandes, Leanne M Williams, Johann Steiner, Marion Leboyer, André F Carvalho, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: Precision medicine is a new and important topic in psychiatry. Psychiatry has not yet benefited from the advanced diagnostic and therapeutic technologies that form an integral part of other clinical specialties. Thus, the vision of precision medicine as applied to psychiatry - 'precision psychiatry' - promises to be even more transformative than in other fields of medicine, which have already lessened the translational gap. DISCUSSION: Herein, we describe 'precision psychiatry' and how its several implications promise to transform the psychiatric landscape...
April 13, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403533/towards-satisfying-performance-of-an-o-w-cosmetic-emulsion-screening-of-reformulation-factors-on-textural-and-rheological-properties-using-general-experimental-design
#18
M Filipovic, M Lukic, S Djordjevic, V Krstonosic, I Pantelic, G Vuleta, S Savic
OBJECTIVE: Consumers' demand for improved products' performance, alongside with the obligation of meeting the safety and efficacy goals, presents a key reason for the reformulation, as well as a challenging task for formulators. Any change of the formulation, whether it is wanted - in order to innovate the product (new actives and raw materials) or necessary - due to, e.g., legislative changes (restriction of ingredients), ingredients market unavailability, new manufacturing equipment, etc...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400977/fragile-x-syndrome-lessons-learned-from-the-most-translated-neurodevelopmental-disorder-in-clinical-trials
#19
Phan Q Duy, Dejan B Budimirovic
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the leading genetic cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and inherited intellectual disability (ID) worldwide. Preclinical successes in understanding the biology of FXS have led to numerous translational attempts in human clinical trials of therapeutics that target the excitatory/inhibitory neural signaling imbalances thought to underlie FXS. Despite the preclinical success story, the negative results of the human clinical trials have been deemed to be at least in part disappointing by the field...
January 2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399446/enzyme-mediated-tagging-of-rna
#20
REVIEW
Lea Anhäuser, Andrea Rentmeister
RNA molecules can play diverse roles in the cell owing to their secondary structure dynamics and various binding modes. Studying localization and dynamics of RNA in vitro or in cells requires tagging with suitable reporter molecules-fluorophores being the most prominent ones. Enzymatic RNA labeling approaches are currently emerging as valuable alternatives to purely chemical synthesis and to binding- or hybridization-based RNA-imaging approaches. Different classes of enzymes allow for cotranscriptional or posttranscriptional installation of small functional groups in RNA...
April 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
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