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sphenopalatine ganglion block

Sheffield Kent, Gregory Mehaffey
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a possible alternative treatment for postdural puncture headache (PDPH). DESIGN: Postdural puncture headache is a common complication associated with neuraxial anesthesia and unintentional dural puncture. Epidural blood patch (EBP) is the standard therapy for PDPH but has risks including pain, dural puncture, and infection. Transnasal sphenopalatine ganglion block (SPGB) has been successfully used to treat migraine, cluster headache, and trigeminal neuralgia...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Vivek Loomba, Aman Upadhyay, Hirsh Kaveeshvar
UNLABELLED: Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) has been shown to be an effective modality of treatment for patients with intractable chronic cluster headaches (CHs). While the use of fluoroscopy for RFA of the SPG is common, to our knowledge there are no documented cases of procedures using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for image guidance. We present a case report of a patient suffering from chronic intractable CH with complete long-lasting relief after RFA of the SPG using CBCT...
September 2016: Pain Physician
Helen Triantafyllidi, Chrysa Arvaniti, Leonidas Palaiodimos, Stefanos Vlachos, Antonios Schoinas, Chrysanthi Batistaki, Georgia Kostopanagiotou, John Lekakis
BACKGROUND: Sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG), an extracranial structure, is connected with the central nervous system (CNS) through sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves. We hypothesized that SPG block through sympathetic nerves anesthesia might decrease blood pressure (BP) in recently diagnosed and never treated middle-aged patients with essential hypertension. METHODS: We performed SBG block in 22 hypertensive patients (mean age 45±12years, 15 men). All patients have been subjected to 24hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring a week prior the procedure as well as in a period of 21-30days after the SBG block in order to estimate differences in 24h average systolic (24h SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (24h DBP), daytime, nighttime, pre-awake and early morning SBP and DBP as well as BP load...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Michael J Lang, Ruihe Lin, Ashwini Dayal Sharan, Robert H Rosenwasser, Lorraine Iacovitti
INTRODUCTION: The presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in vertebrates is a major limitation to the delivery of therapeutic agents into brain tissue. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) infusion has been shown to reduce stroke volume and improve recovery, but the BBB limits cellular engraftment. Sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) stimulation has been shown to transiently increase BBB permeability. A rodent model was designed to test the hypothesis that SPG stimulation enhances the effect of MSC infusion...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
Da-Wei Meng, Jian-Guo Zhang, Zhong Zheng, Xiu Wang, Fang Luo, Kai Zhang
UNLABELLED: A cluster headache (CH) is an excruciating pain centered on the periorbital region and is accompanied by autonomic symptoms. Despite the best currently available medical therapy, many patients still suffer from these headaches. Some patients also experience CH with side shift of attacks, which makes treatment more difficult. In light of the pathophysiological mechanism of CH, the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) is a promising therapeutic target for its management. SPG ablation and non-ablation techniques have been the preferred treatment for CH in recent decades...
2016: Pain Physician
Walter I Sussman, Ken Mautner, R Amadeus Mason, Kathryn Bonecutter, Anna K Shealy
Posttraumatic headaches (PTHs) are one of the most frequently reported symptoms after a sport concussion, and treatment options for chronic PTH are limited. In this report, we present a case of a 17-year-old boy with persistent PTH after a sport concussion successfully treated with an intranasal sphenopalatine block.
June 22, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Michele Curatolo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The study focuses on neural blocks with local anesthetics in postoperative and chronic pain. It is prompted by the recent publication of several systematic reviews and guidelines. RECENT FINDINGS: For postoperative pain, the current evidence supports infusions of local anesthetics at the surgical site, continuous peripheral nerve blocks, and neuraxial analgesia for major thoracic and abdominal procedures. Ultrasound guidance can improve the performance of the blocks and different patient outcomes, although the incidence of peripheral nerve damage is not decreased...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
X Michelle Androulakis, Kaitlin A Krebs, Avi Ashkenazi
BACKGROUND: Hemicrania continua (HC) is a chronic headache disorder characterized by a continuous, strictly unilateral head pain accompanied by cranial autonomic symptoms, which completely responds to indomethacin; however, few alternative treatment options exist for the patients with this disorder who cannot tolerate indomethacin. Sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) block has been used for the treatment of various headaches, with the strongest evidence for efficacy in cluster headache. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old woman with a 7-year history of HC was evaluated in our clinic for management of her headaches after she had stopped using indomethacin due to a bleeding gastrointestinal ulcer...
March 2016: Headache
Malgorzata Malec-Milewska, Bartosz Horosz, Dariusz Kosson, Agnieszka Sekowska, Hanna Kucia
This study was performed to present the outcomes of trigeminal neuropathy management with the application of neurolytic block of sphenopalatine ganglion. This type of procedure is used in cases where pain is not well controlled with medical treatment. Twenty patients were treated with sphenopalatine ganglion neurolysis after their response to pharmacological management was not satisfactory. Significant pain relief was experienced by all but one patient and they were able to reduce or stop their pain medication...
2015: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Matthew S Robbins, Carrie E Robertson, Eugene Kaplan, Jessica Ailani, Larry Charleston, Deena Kuruvilla, Andrew Blumenfeld, Randall Berliner, Noah L Rosen, Robert Duarte, Jaskiran Vidwan, Rashmi B Halker, Nicole Gill, Avi Ashkenazi
The sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) has attracted the interest of practitioners treating head and face pain for over a century because of its anatomical connections and role in the trigemino-autonomic reflex. In this review, we discuss the anatomy of the SPG, as well as what is known about its role in the pathophysiology of headache disorders, including cluster headache and migraine. We then address various therapies that target the SPG, including intranasal medication delivery, new SPG blocking catheter devices, neurostimulation, chemical neurolysis, and ablation procedures...
February 2016: Headache
Jean Schoenen
The interest for the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) in neurovascular headaches dates back to 1908 when Sluder presented his work on the role of the SPG in 'nasal headaches', which are now part of the trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias and cluster headache (ICHD-III-beta). Since then various interventions with blocking or lesional properties have targeted the SPG (transnasal injection of lidocaine and other agents, alcohol or steroid injections, radiofrequency lesions, or even ganglionectomy); success rates vary, but benefit is usually transient...
2015: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Foad Elahi, Chandan G Reddy
Persistent idiopathic facial pain can be extremely difficult and significantly challenging to manage for the patient and the clinician. Pharmacological treatment of these painful conditions is not always successful. It has been suggested that the autonomic reflex plays an important role in the pathophysiology of headaches and facial neuralgia. The key structure in the expression of cranial autonomic symptoms is the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG), also known as the pterygopalatine ganglion. The role of the SPG in the pathophysiology of headaches and facial pain has become clearer in the past decade...
May 2015: Pain Physician
Roger K Cady, Joel Saper, Kent Dexter, Ryan J Cady, Heather R Manley
BACKGROUND: This study aims to determine if repetitive sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) blockades with 0.5% bupivacaine delivered with the Tx360 device results in long-term improvement in chronic migraine (CM). The SPG is a small concentrated structure of neuronal tissue that resides within the pterygopalatine fossa in close proximity to the sphenopalatine foramen and is innervated by the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve. In a previous article, these authors reported repetitive SPG blockades with 0...
April 2015: Headache
Sheffield Kent, Greg Mehaffey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jason T Schaffer, Benton R Hunter, Kevin M Ball, Christopher S Weaver
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We seek to test the efficacy of noninvasive sphenopalatine ganglion block for the treatment of acute anterior headache in the emergency department (ED) using a novel noninvasive delivery device. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial evaluating bupivacaine anesthesia of the sphenopalatine ganglion for acute anterior or global-based headache. This study was completed in 2 large academic EDs. Bupivacaine or normal saline solution was delivered intranasally (0...
May 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Ian R Winship
Cerebral collaterals are vascular redundancies in the cerebral circulation that can partially maintain blood flow to ischemic tissue when primary conduits are blocked. After occlusion of a cerebral artery, anastomoses connecting the distal segments of the MCA with distal branches of the ACA and PCA (known as leptomeningeal or pial collaterals) allow for partially maintained blood flow in the ischemic penumbra and delay or prevent cell death. However, collateral circulation varies dramatically between individuals, and collateral extent is significant predictor of stroke severity and recanalization rate...
April 2015: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
Foad Elahi, Kwo Wei David Ho
Headaches and facial pain can be extremely difficult to manage for the patient and the clinician. In the medical literature, it has been suggested that the autonomic reflex plays an important role in the pathophysiology of facial neuralgia. The sphenopalatine ganglion is the largest parasympathetic ganglion outside the cranium. It is an easy accessible target for pain management. The application of radiofrequency nerve ablation was described in the medical literature. In this case report, we describe a 54-year-old female...
2014: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Roger Cady, Joel Saper, Kent Dexter, Heather R Manley
OBJECTIVE: To determine if repetitive sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) blocks with 0.5% bupivacaine delivered through the Tx360(®) are superior in reducing pain associated with chronic migraine (CM) compared with saline. BACKGROUND: The SPG is a small concentrated structure of neuronal tissue that resides within the pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) in close proximity to the sphenopalatine foramen and is innervated by the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve. From an anatomical and physiological perspective, SPG blockade may be an effective acute and preventative treatment for CM...
January 2015: Headache
Sarah Miller, Manjit Matharu
The trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias include cluster headache, paroxysmal hemicrania, short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks, and hemicrania continua. While the majority responds to conventional pharmacological treatments, a small but significant proportion of patients are intractable to these treatments. In these cases, alternative choices for these patients include oral and injectable drugs, lesional or resectional surgery, and neurostimulation. The evidence base for conventional treatments is limited, and the evidence for those used beyond convention is more so...
2014: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Tim P Jürgens, Arne May
Cluster headache attacks are characterized by extreme unilateral pain mostly in the first trigeminal branch and an ipsilateral activation of the cranial parasympathetic system, pointing to a relevant role of the cranial parasympathetic system in the pathophysiology, and therapy of cluster headache. Based on animal experiments and several interventions of the sphenopalatine ganglion (such as an aesthetic or alcoholic blocks and radiofrequency ablation) in cluster headache patients, stimulation of the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPGS) as the major efferent peripheral parasympathetic structure was established with an encouraging abortive effect on acute attacks and a frequency reduction over time...
July 2014: Current Pain and Headache Reports
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