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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659612/regulation-of-spock1-by-dual-strands-of-pre-mir-150-inhibit-cancer-cell-migration-and-invasion-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Yusaku Osako, Naohiko Seki, Keiichi Koshizuka, Atsushi Okato, Tetsuya Idichi, Takayuki Arai, Itaru Omoto, Ken Sasaki, Yasuto Uchikado, Yoshiaki Kita, Hiroshi Kurahara, Kosei Maemura, Shoji Natsugoe
Analysis of our microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures of human cancers based on RNA sequencing have shown that both strands of pre-miR-150, miR-150-5p (the guide strand) and miR-150-3p (the passenger strand), are significantly reduced in cancer tissues. We have investigated the functional significance of both strands of pre-miR-150 in cancer cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the antitumor function of these miRNAs and how these miRNAs regulated oncogenic targets in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC)...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608802/enhanced-osteogenic-differentiation-in-zoledronate-treated-osteoporotic-patients
#2
Luca Dalle Carbonare, Monica Mottes, Giovanni Malerba, Antonio Mori, Martina Zaninotto, Mario Plebani, Alessandra Dellantonio, Maria Teresa Valenti
Bisphosphonates are well known inhibitors of osteoclast activity and thus may be employed to influence osteoblast activity. The present study was designed to evaluate the in vivo effects of zoledronic acid (ZA) on the proliferation and osteoblastic commitment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in osteoporotic patients. We studied 22 postmenopausal osteoporotic patients. Densitometric, biochemical, cellular and molecular data were collected before as well as after 6 and 12 months of ZA treatment. Peripheral blood MSC-like cells were quantified by colony-forming unit fibroblastic assay; their osteogenic differentiation potential was evaluated after 3 and 7 days of induction, respectively...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534948/dual-strands-of-pre-mir%C3%A2-150-mir%C3%A2-150%C3%A2-5p-and-mir%C3%A2-150%C3%A2-3p-act-as-antitumor-mirnas-targeting-spock1-in-na%C3%A3-ve-and-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#3
Atsushi Okato, Takayuki Arai, Satoko Kojima, Keiichi Koshizuka, Yusaku Osako, Tetsuya Idichi, Akira Kurozumi, Yusuke Goto, Mayuko Kato, Yukio Naya, Tomohiko Ichikawa, Naohiko Seki
Analysis of our microRNA (miRNA) expression signature in human cancers has shown that guide and passenger strands of pre-miR‑150, i.e., miR‑150‑5p and miR‑150‑3p, are significantly downregulated in cancer tissues. In miRNA biogenesis, the passenger strand of miRNA is degraded and is thought to have no functions. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the functional significance of miR‑150‑5p and miR‑150‑3p in naïve prostate cancer (PCa) and castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281964/knockdown-of-spock1-inhibits-the-proliferation-and-invasion-in-colorectal-cancer-cells-by-suppressing-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#4
Ping Zhao, Hai-Tao Guan, Zhi-Jun Dai, Yu-Guang Ma, Xiao-Xu Liu, Xi-Jing Wang
Sparc/osteonectin, cwcv, and kazal-like domains proteoglycan (testican) 1 (SPOCK1), known as testican-1, were found to be involved in the development and progression of tumors. However, in colorectal cancer (CRC), the expression pattern of SPOCK1 and its functional role remain poorly investigated. In the present study, we explored the role of SPOCK1 in CRC. Our results demonstrated that SPOCK1 is overexpressed in CRC cell lines. SPOCK1 silencing significantly inhibited the proliferation in vitro and the tumor growth in vivo...
October 27, 2016: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163933/analysis-of-argonaute-complex-bound-mrnas-in-du145-prostate-carcinoma-cells-reveals-new-mirna-target-genes
#5
Jaroslaw Szczyrba, Volker Jung, Michaela Beitzinger, Elke Nolte, Sven Wach, Martin Hart, Sandra Sapich, Marc Wiesehöfer, Helge Taubert, Gunther Wennemuth, Norbert Eichner, Thomas Stempfl, Bernd Wullich, Gunter Meister, Friedrich A Grässer
Posttranscriptional gene regulation by microRNAs (miRNAs) contributes to the induction and maintenance of prostate carcinoma (PCa). To identify mRNAs enriched or removed from Ago2-containing RISC complexes, these complexes were immunoprecipitated from normal prostate fibroblasts (PNFs) and the PCa line DU145 and the bound mRNAs were quantified by microarray. The analysis of Ago complexes derived from PNFs or DU145 confirmed the enrichment or depletion of a variety of mRNAs already known from the literature to be deregulated...
2017: Prostate Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103946/epcr-promotes-breast-cancer-progression-by-altering-spock1-testican-1-mediated-3d-growth
#6
Naiara Perurena, Carolina Zandueta, Susana Martínez-Canarias, Haritz Moreno, Silvestre Vicent, Ana S Almeida, Elisabet Guruceaga, Roger R Gomis, Marta Santisteban, Mikala Egeblad, José Hermida, Fernando Lecanda
BACKGROUND: Activated protein C/endothelial protein C receptor (APC/EPCR) axis is physiologically involved in anticoagulant and cytoprotective activities in endothelial cells. Emerging evidence indicates that EPCR also plays a role in breast stemness and human tumorigenesis. Yet, its contribution to breast cancer progression and metastasis has not been elucidated. METHODS: Transcriptomic status of EPCR was examined in a cohort of 286 breast cancer patients. Cell growth kinetics was evaluated in control and EPCR and SPARC/osteonectin, Cwcv, and kazal-like domains proteoglycan (SPOCK1/testican 1) silenced breast cancer cells in 2D, 3D, and in co-culture conditions...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909812/in-phyllodes-tumors-of-the-breast-expression-of-sparc-osteonectin-bm40-mrna-by-in-situ-hybridization-correlates-with-protein-expression-by-immunohistochemistry-and-is-associated-with-tumor-progression
#7
Nah Ihm Kim, Ga-Eon Kim, Ji Shin Lee, Min Ho Park
Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) plays an essential role in tumor invasion and metastasis. The present work was undertaken to detect expression of SPARC mRNA in phyllodes tumors (PTs) and its association with SPARC protein expression. This study also evaluated expression of SPARC mRNA and its correlation between grade and clinical behavior of PTs. In addition, we assessed in PTs the association of expression of SPARC with that of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and of MMP-9. SPARC mRNA expression was determined by RNAscope in situ hybridization (ISH) in 50 benign, 22 borderline, and 10 malignant PTs using a tissue microarray...
January 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881195/the-involvement-of-runx2-and-sparc-genes-in-the-bacterial-chondronecrosis-with-osteomyelitis-in-broilers
#8
E Paludo, A M G Ibelli, J O Peixoto, F C Tavernari, C A V Lima-Rosa, J R C Pandolfi, M C Ledur
Economic losses due to an increase of leg disorders in broilers have become a major concern of the poultry industry. Despite the efforts to reduce skeletal abnormalities in chickens, insufficient progress has been made. Bacterial chondronecrosis with osteomyelitis (BCO) is one of the main disorders that affect bone integrity in broilers. However, the genetic pathways and genes involved in most bone problems, including BCO, remains unclear. In this study, femoral samples from male broilers with 45 days of age affected or not with BCO were used to compare the relative expression with a reverse transcription real time PCR approach of 13 candidate genes: SPP1 (osteopontin), TNFRSF11B (osteoprotegerin), SPARC (osteonectin), CALB1 (calbidin 1), CALM (Calmodulin 2), IBSP (sialoprotein), COL1A2 (collagen, type I, α 2), BMP2 (bone morphogenetic protein 2), BMP3 (bone morphogenetic protein 3), RANKL (κ-B nuclear factor ligand), SMAD1 (SMAD family member 1), LEPR (leptin receptor) and RUNX2 (related transcription factor Runt 2)...
November 24, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768913/recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-rhbmp-2-immobilized-on-laser-fabricated-3d-scaffolds-enhance-osteogenesis
#9
Maria Chatzinikolaidou, Charalampos Pontikoglou, Konstantina Terzaki, Maria Kaliva, Athanasia Kalyva, Eleni Papadaki, Maria Vamvakaki, Maria Farsari
The regeneration of bone via a tissue engineering approach involves components from the macroscopic to the nanoscopic level, including appropriate 3D scaffolds, cells and growth factors. In this study, hexagonal scaffolds of different diagonals were fabricated by Direct Laser Writing using a photopolymerizable hybrid material. The proliferation of bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) cultured on structures with various diagonals, 50, 100, 150 and 200μm increased significantly after 10days in culture, however without significant differences among them...
January 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557648/formation-and-dissociation-of-sperm-bundles-in-monotremes
#10
Brett Nixon, Heath Ecroyd, Jean-Louis Dacheux, Francoise Dacheux, Valerie Labas, Steve D Johnston, Russell C Jones
As monotremes are the earliest offshoot of the mammalian lineage, the platypus and short-beaked echidna were studied as model animals to assess the origin and biological significance of adaptations considered unique to therian mammals: epididymal maturation and subsequent capacitation. We show that spermatozoa from both species assemble into bundles of approximately 100 cells during passage through the epididymis and that an epididymal protein, secreted protein, acidic, cysteine-rich (osteonectin) (SPARC), is involved in bundle formation...
August 24, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486308/spock1-promotes-tumor-growth-and-metastasis-in-human-prostate-cancer
#11
Qi Chen, Yuan-Ting Yao, Huan Xu, Yan-Bo Chen, Meng Gu, Zhi-Kang Cai, Zhong Wang
Prostate cancer is the most diagnosed noncutaneous cancer and ranks as the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in American males. Metastasis is the primary cause of prostate cancer mortality. Survival rate is only 28% for metastatic patients, but is nearly 100% for patients with localized prostate cancers. Molecular mechanisms that underlie this malignancy remain obscure, and this study investigated the role of SPARC/osteonectin, cwcv, and kazal-like domain proteoglycan 1 (SPOCK1) in prostate cancer progression...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421134/sparc-overexpression-in-primary-tumors-correlates-with-disease-recurrence-and-overall-survival-in-patients-with-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#12
Anjie Zhu, Peng Yuan, Feng Du, Ruoxi Hong, Xiaoyan Ding, Xiuqing Shi, Ying Fan, Jiayu Wang, Yang Luo, Fei Ma, Pin Zhang, Qing Li, Binghe Xu
SPARC/osteonectin expression is reportedly altered in various malignancies. However, little is known regarding to the prognostic value of SPARC in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients. In this study, immunohistochemistry and immunoreactive scores (IRSs) were used to evaluate SPARC protein expression in primary tumors from 211 TNBC patients with up to 10 years of clinical follow-up data. High SPARC expression (IRS ≥3) was detected in 52.1% of primary tumors. Patients expressing high SPARC levels had worse disease-free survival (DFS) (HR=1...
November 22, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339669/osteonectin-sparc-expression-in-vascular-calcification-in-vitro-and-ex-vivo-studies
#13
Paola Ciceri, Francesca Elli, Laura Cappelletti, Delfina Tosi, Federica Savi, Gaetano Bulfamante, Mario Cozzolino
Osteonectin, also termed SPARC, is a noncollagenous protein of bone matrix. Since there are controversial results regarding its role during the process of vascular calcification, we investigated osteonectin expression in our in vitro calcification model. Rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were challenged with high phosphate (5 mmol/L Pi) and analyzed quantifying calcium levels, through immunohistochemical studies, and studying gene expression. We detected a peak of osteonectin expression at day 7 in cell treated with high phosphate...
June 23, 2016: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213596/sparc-gene-deletion-protects-against-toxic-liver-injury-and-is-associated-to-an-enhanced-proliferative-capacity-and-reduced-oxidative-stress-response
#14
Estanislao Peixoto, Catalina Atorrasagasti, Mariana Malvicini, Esteban Fiore, Marcelo Rodriguez, Mariana Garcia, Paola Finocchieto, Juan J Poderoso, Fernando Corrales, Guillermo Mazzolini
SPARC, also known as osteonectin and BM-40, is a matricellular protein with a number of biological functions. Hepatic SPARC expression is induced in response to thioacetamide, bile-duct ligation, and acute injuries such as concanavalin A and lipopolysacharide (LPS)/D-galactosamine. We have previously demonstrated that the therapeutic inhibition of SPARC or SPARC gene deletion protected mice against liver injury. We investigated the mechanisms involved in the protective effect of SPARC inhibition in mice. We performed a proteome analysis of livers from SPARC+/+ and SPARC-/- mice chronically treated with thioacetamide...
May 18, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108836/spock1-promotes-the-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-glioma-cells-through-pi3k-akt-and-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathways
#15
Jinghui Yang, Qiwei Yang, Jing Yu, Ximeng Li, Shan Yu, Xuewen Zhang
Sparc/osteonectin, cwcv and kazal-like domains proteoglycan (testican) 1 (SPOCK1) has been reported to promote the growth and progression of various tumors. In this study, we focus on assessing the effect of SPOCK1 on proliferation, migration and invasion in glioma cells and elucidating its related mechanisms. The results of our present study demonstrated that overexpression of SPOCK1 promoted the proliferation and inhibited apoptosis in glioma cells. Additionally, overexpression of SPOCK1 promoted the migration and invasion potential of glioma cells...
June 2016: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26999801/anti-epileptic-drugs-and-bone-loss-phenytoin-reduces-pro-collagen-i-and-alters-the-electrophoretic-mobility-of-osteonectin-in-cultured-bone-cells
#16
Emma L Wilson, Mark Garton, Heidi R Fuller
Phenytoin is an antiepileptic drug used in the management of partial and tonic-clonic seizures. In previous studies we have shown that valproate, another antiepileptic drug, reduced the amount of two key bone proteins, pro-collagen I and osteonectin (SPARC, BM-40), in both skin fibroblasts and cultured osteoblast-like cells. Here we show that phenytoin also reduces pro-collagen I production in osteoblast-like cells, but does not appear to cause a decrease in osteonectin message or protein production. Instead, a 24h exposure to a clinically relevant concentration of phenytoin resulted in a dose-dependent change in electrophoretic mobility of osteonectin, which was suggestive of a change in post-translational modification status...
May 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983777/the-sparc-of-life-analysis-of-the-role-of-osteonectin-sparc-in-pancreatic-cancer-review
#17
REVIEW
Monica K Rossi, Manu Gnanamony, Christopher S Gondi
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most clinically challenging cancers to manage. An estimated 48,960 people will be diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in 2015, of that population, 94% are projected to perish within 5 years. These dismal survival rates can be attributed, in part, to an advanced diagnosis occurring in 80% of cases. The heterogeneous and dynamic microenvironment of pancreatic cancer, and the lack of both specific risk factors and efficacious screening tools contribute to the challenge of diagnosing pancreatic cancer in its early stages...
May 2016: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890308/heterozygous-ptch1-mutations-impact-the-bone-metabolism-in-patients-with-nevoid-basal-cell-carcinoma-syndrome-likely-by-regulating-sparc-expression
#18
Yingying Hong, Jianyun Zhang, Heyu Zhang, Xuefen Li, Jiafei Qu, Jiemei Zhai, Lei Zhang, Feng Chen, Tiejun Li
Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by bone and skin abnormalities and a predisposition to various tumors. Keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOTs), which are common tumors of the jaw that cause extensive damage to the jawbone, are usually accompanied with NBCCS. Germline PTCH1 mutations in NBCCS tumorigenesis have been frequently studied; however, little is known regarding the pathogenesis of bone abnormalities in this disease. This study sought to investigate the mechanism underlying heterozygous PTCH1 mutation-mediated abnormal bone metabolism in patients with NBCCS...
July 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26851678/sparc-osteonectin-in-mineralized-tissue
#19
REVIEW
Emilie M Rosset, Amy D Bradshaw
Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC/osteonectin/BM40) is one of the most abundant non-collagenous protein expressed in mineralized tissues. This review will focus on elucidating functional roles of SPARC in bone formation building upon results from non-mineralized cells and tissues, the phenotype of SPARC-null bones, and recent discoveries of human diseases with either dysregulated expression of SPARC or mutations in the gene encoding SPARC that give rise to bone pathologies. The capacity of SPARC to influence pathways involved in extracellular matrix assembly such as procollagen processing and collagen fibril formation as well as the capacity to influence osteoblast differentiation and osteoclast activity will be addressed...
May 2016: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26820701/the-influence-of-the-wwox-gene-on-the-regulation-of-biological-processes-during-endometrial-carcinogenesis
#20
E Płuciennik, M Nowakowska, M Gałdyszyńska, M Popęda, A K Bednarek
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of WW domain containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) downregulation in biological cancer-related processes in normal (non-malignant) and cancer endometrial cell lines. We created an in vitro model using the normal endometrial cell line, THESC, and 2 endometrial cancer cell lines with varying degrees of differentiation, the Ishikawa (well-differentiated) and the MFE296 (moderately differentiated) cells, in which the WWOX tumor suppressor gene was silenced using Gipz lentiviral shRNA...
March 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
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