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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936905/microwave-diathermy-and-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-effects-in-primary-dysmenorrhea-clinical-trial-protocol
#1
Aline Fernanda Perez Machado, Monica Rodrigues Perracini, Ariane da Cruz Saraiva de Morais, Bruna Oliveira da Silva, Patricia Driusso, Richard Eloin Liebano
The aim of this study will be to analyze the effects of microwave diathermy (MWD) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on primary dysmenorrhea. Eighty eight women, age range 18-44 years, with no previous pregnancy, no practice physical activities, a BMI of ≤29.9 kg/m(2), a regular menstrual cycle and a diagnosis of primary dysmenorrhea, with menstrual pain ranging from mild to severe, will be selected. The participants will be randomized into four groups: MWD and TENS, MWD and placebo TENS, placebo MWD and TENS, and placebo MWD and placebo TENS...
September 22, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935971/prevalence-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-status-of-hbv-care-among-rural-women-who-planned-to-conceive-in-china
#2
Yuanyuan Wang, Hong Zhou, Long Zhang, Qiuyue Zhong, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Man Zhang, Yanjie Huang, Anqi Wang, Kenrad Nelson, Yiping Zhang, Donghai Yan, Zuoqi Peng, Ya Zhang, Xiaona Xin, Hongguang Zhang, Jun Zhao, Yan Wang, Ying Yang, Yuan He, Jihong Xu, Xiaoli Liu, Yan Wang, Xu Ma
Globally, one third of prevalent chronic hepatitis B (CHB) virus infection (HBV) occurred in China. Assessing the prevalence of CHB infesction and status of HBV-related services among pre-conception women will provide insight into risks of mother to child transmission (MTCT). A cross-sectional analysis of data from the National Free Pre-pregnancy Checkups (NFPC) program in 2010-2014 was conducted. A standardized questionnaire which collected demographic information and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) which tested serological HBV markers were applied...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933640/the-impact-of-antithrombin-deficiency-on-women-s-reproductive-health-experiences-and-healthcare-decision-making
#3
Ariela L Marshall, Juliana Perez Botero, Aneel A Ashrani, Rajiv K Pruthi, John A Heit, Ashish Chintakuntlawar, Jennifer C Guenther, Mrinal M Patnaik
BACKGROUND: Women with inherited antithrombin (AT) deficiency are at high risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE), especially during times of estrogen exposure, but little is known about patient-oriented reproductive decision-making in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Provider-administered survey of women with AT deficiency. Participants were asked to discuss their diagnosis of AT deficiency and questioned about (1) contraception, (2) pregnancies, and (3) menorrhagia, and the impact of their AT deficiency on each reproductive health experience...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923316/different-combinations-of-maternal-and-postnatal-diet-are-reflected-in-changes-of-hepatic-parenchyma-and-hepatic-tnf-alpha-expression-in-male-rat-offspring
#4
Željka Perić Kačarević, Anđela Grgić, Darija Šnajder, Nikola Bijelić, Tatjana Belovari, Olga Cvijanović, Valerija Blažičević, Radivoje Radić
Obesity is related to increased TNF-alpha production in different tissues. TNF-alpha is connected to mitochondrial dysfunction in the liver and also development of fatty infiltration of the liver. Also, postnatal change from normal to high-fat diet causes a significant increase in TNF-alpha serum levels. The aim of this research was to determine how maternal diet and switching male offspring to a different dietary regime after lactation influences rat liver. Ten female Sprague Dawley rats at nine weeks of age were randomly divided in two groups and fed either standard laboratory chow or high-fat diet during six weeks, and then mated with the same male subject...
September 15, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917127/differential-expression-of-ten-candidate-genes-regulating-prostaglandin-action-in-reproductive-tissues-of-buffalo-during-estrous-cycle-and-pregnancy
#5
Ankita Dillipkumar Verma, Manjit Panigrahi, Naseer Ahmad Baba, Sourabh Sulabh, Abdul Sadam, Subhashree Parida, Krishnaswamy Narayanan, Arvind A Sonwane, Bharat Bhushan
Prostaglandins (PGs) are the key mediators of several female reproductive functions, including luteolysis, ovulation, fertilization, implantation, pregnancy, and parturition. The present study was conducted in buffalo endometrial and luteal tissues between nonpregnant and two stages of pregnancy (29-38 days of pregnancy, 48-56 days of pregnancy) tissue samples. The genes involved from synthesis upto receptor level effect of PGs (PGF2α and PGE2) were studied for their relative mRNA expression. We have collected the endometrial and luteal tissues from slaughtered animals and confirmed the stages by external examination and crown vertebral rump length measurement of the foetus...
September 8, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911831/prenatal-and-postnatal-polybrominated-diphenyl-ether-pbde-exposure-and-measures-of-inattention-and-impulsivity-in-children
#6
Ann M Vuong, Kimberly Yolton, Kendra L Poston, Changchun Xie, Glenys M Webster, Andreas Sjödin, Joseph M Braun, Kim N Dietrich, Bruce P Lanphear, Aimin Chen
Exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) during fetal development may be associated with deficits in attention and impulse control. However, studies examining postnatal PBDE exposures and inattention and impulsivity have been inconsistent. Using data from 214 children in the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) Study, a prospective pregnancy and birth cohort with enrollment from 2003 to 2006 in the Greater Cincinnati Area, we investigated the relationship of both prenatal and postnatal PBDE exposures with attention and impulse control...
September 11, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911789/a-retrospective-study-of-pregnancy-associated-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome
#7
Ana Huerta, Emilia Arjona, Jose Portoles, Paula Lopez-Sanchez, Cristina Rabasco, Mario Espinosa, Teresa Cavero, Miquel Blasco, Mercedes Cao, Joaquin Manrique, Virginia Cabello-Chavez, Marta Suñer, Manuel Heras, Xavier Fulladosa, Lara Belmar, Amparo Sempere, Carmen Peralta, Lorena Castillo, Alvaro Arnau, Manuel Praga, Santiago Rodriguez de Cordoba
Pregnancy-associated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) refers to the thrombotic microangiopathy resulting from uncontrolled complement activation during pregnancy or the postpartum period. Pregnancy-associated aHUS is a devastating disease for which there is a limited clinical understanding and treatment experience. Here we report a retrospective study to analyze the clinical and prognostic data of 22 cases of pregnancy-associated aHUS from the Spanish aHUS Registry under different treatments. Sixteen patients presented during the first pregnancy and as many as nine patients required hemodialysis at diagnosis...
September 11, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900162/new-model-for-predicting-preterm-delivery-during-the-second-trimester-of-pregnancy
#8
Ya-Zhi Zhu, Guo-Qin Peng, Gui-Xiang Tian, Xue-Ling Qu, Shui-Yuan Xiao
In this study, a new model for predicting preterm delivery (PD) was proposed. The primary model was constructed using ten selected variables, as previously defined in seventeen different studies. The ability of the model to predict PD was evaluated using the combined measurement from these variables. Therefore, a prospective investigation was performed by enrolling 130 pregnant patients whose gestational ages varied from 17(+0) to 28(+6) weeks. The patients underwent epidemiological surveys and ultrasonographic measurements of their cervixes, and cervicovaginal fluid and serum were collected during a routine speculum examination performed by the managing gynecologist...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899534/gene-by-environment-interactions-of-the-clock-pemt-and-ghrelin%C3%A2-loci-with-average-sleep-duration-in-relation-to-obesity-traits%C3%A2-using-a-cohort-of-643-new-zealand-european-children
#9
Mohanraj Krishnan, Andrew N Shelling, Clare R Wall, Edwin A Mitchell, Rinki Murphy, Lesley M E McCowan, John M D Thompson
OBJECTIVES: Modern technology may have desensitised the 'biological clock' to environmental cues, disrupting the appropriate co-ordination of metabolic processes. Susceptibility to misalignment of circadian rhythms may be partly genetically influenced and effects on sleep quality and duration could predispose to poorer health outcomes. Shorter sleep duration is associated with obesity traits, which are brought on by an increased opportunity to eat and/or a shift of hormonal profile promoting hunger...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893291/preference-for-cesarean-section-in-young-nulligravid-women-in-eight-oecd-countries-and-implications-for-reproductive-health-education
#10
Kathrin H Stoll, Yvonne L Hauck, Soo Downe, Deborah Payne, Wendy A Hall
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce unnecessary Cesarean sections (CS) in high and middle income countries have focused on changing hospital cultures and policies, care provider attitudes and behaviors, and increasing women's knowledge about the benefits of vaginal birth. These strategies have been largely ineffective. Despite evidence that women have well-developed preferences for mode of delivery prior to conceiving their first child, few studies and no interventions have targeted the next generation of maternity care consumers...
September 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893235/inadequate-birth-spacing-is-perceived-as-riskier-than-all-family-planning-methods-except-sterilization-and-abortion-in-a-qualitative-study-among-urban-nigerians
#11
Hilary M Schwandt, Joanna Skinner, Luciana Estelle Hebert, Lisa Cobb, Abdulmumin Saad, Mojisola Odeku
BACKGROUND: Fertility is high in Nigeria and contraceptive use is low. Little is known about how urban Nigerians perceive the risk of contraceptive use in relation to pregnancy and birth. This study examines and compares the risk perception of family planning methods and pregnancy related scenarios among urban Nigerians. METHODS: A total of 26 focus group discussions with 243 participants were conducted in September and October 2010 in Ibadan and Kaduna. The groups were stratified by sex, age, family planning use, and city...
September 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890277/-prenatal-diagnosis-of-abdominal-wall-defects
#12
H El Mhabrech, H Ben Hmida, H Charfi, A Zrig, C Hafsa
Anterior abdominal wall defects (AAWD) correspond to a wide spectrum of congenital defects affecting 6.3/10,000 pregnancies. They have in common a closure defect of the anterior abdominal wall and can be fatal or expose the fetus and the neonate (NN) to many complications. This study was based on a retrospective study of 22 cases of AAWD collected between May 2009 and December 2014. Its purpose was to specify the importance of prenatal ultrasonography in the diagnosis and prognosis assessment of these defects...
September 7, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888754/effect-of-antioxidant-supplementation-on-the-auditory-threshold-in-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-meta-analysis
#13
Maria Eduarda Di Cavalcanti Alves de Souza, Klinger Vagner Teixeira da Costa, Paulo Augusto Vitorino, Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Pedro de Lemos Menezes
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is conceptualized as any impairment of the ability to hear and/or detect speech or environment sounds, regardless of cause, type, or degree. It may occur at different stages of life; during pregnancy or childbirth, in childhood, adulthood or old age. It should be noted that aging is the most common cause of sensorineural hearing loss followed by noise-induced hearing loss, and both are closely related to the formation of reactive oxygen species. Dietary antioxidant supplementation has been employed as a therapeutic strategy to prevent and/or delay the risks of major human diseases...
August 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886319/morphokinetic-analysis-of-human-embryo-development-and-its-relationship-to-the-female-age-a-retrospective-time-lapse-imaging-study
#14
N Akhter, M Shahab
Time-lapse imaging technique has provided embryologists with a unique chance of studying the embryo morphokineticsto select the most viable embryos for implantation in the field of IVF (In vitro fertilization).The conventional method of morphological evaluations has proved that maternal age affects the human embryo quality. This retrospective study carried out at Islamabad Clinic Serving Infertile Couples, Islamabad, Pakistan mainly focuses on the effect of female age on human embryo morphokinetics. A total number of 200 patients undergoing ICSI treatment cycles at the clinic were selected for the study and divided into five age groups (< 26, 26-30, 31-35, 36-40, and > 40 years)...
August 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877712/ten-years-analysis-of-stillbirth-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-sub-sahara-africa-a-case-control-study
#15
Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Rita Frinue Tamambang, Eugene Yeika, Lawrence Tanyi Mbwagbaw, Thomas Obinchemti Egbe
OBJECTIVE: Stillbirth measures provide means to assess adequacy of maternal and perinatal care in a given population. The aim of this study was to describe the determinants of stillbirth in Douala general hospital, Cameroon. RESULTS: Determinants of stillbirth in this hospital are: maternal age ≥35 years (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.26-2.54, p = 0.001), pre-eclampsia/eclampsia (OR 2.97, 95% CI 0.87-8.89, p value of 0.03), diabetes in pregnancy (OR 9.97, 95% CI 1.15-86...
September 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875067/high-incidence-of-cervical-ribs-indicates-vulnerable-condition-in-late-pleistocene-woolly-rhinoceroses
#16
Alexandra A E van der Geer, Frietson Galis
Mammals as a rule have seven cervical vertebrae, a number that remains remarkably constant. Changes of this number are associated with major congenital abnormalities (pleiotropic effects) that are, at least in humans, strongly selected against. Recently, it was found that Late Pleistocene mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius) from the North Sea have an unusually high incidence of abnormal cervical vertebral numbers, approximately ten times higher than that of extant elephants. Abnormal numbers were due to the presence of large cervical ribs on the seventh vertebra, indicating a homeotic change from a cervical rib-less vertebra into a thoracic rib-bearing vertebra...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872770/hormone-secreting-adrenal-tumours-cause-severe-hypertension-and-high-rates-of-poor-pregnancy-outcome-a-ukoss-study-with-case-control-comparisons
#17
G Quartermaine, K Lambert, K Rees, P T Seed, M K Dhanjal, M Knight, D R McCance, C Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the management and outcomes of adrenal tumours in pregnancy. DESIGN: A national observational, cohort study over four years using the UK Obstetric Surveillance System (UKOSS). SETTING: Consultant led obstetric units. PATIENTS: Women with phaeochromocytoma, primary aldosteronism or Cushing's syndrome diagnosed before or during pregnancy. METHODS: Clinical features of UKOSS cases were compared to those of women with adrenal tumours reported from 1985-2015...
September 5, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870047/-expert-consensus-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-patients-with-gitelman-syndrome
#18
(no author information available yet)
Gitelman syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive, salt-losing tubulopathy caused by inactivating mutations in the SLC12A3 gene that encodes the thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride cotransporter (NCC). GS is characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria. GS is one of the most common inherited renal tubulopathy with a prevalence estimated at about one to ten per 40 000 people. The prevalence of GS is even higher in Asia than other countries. The majority of GS patients present mild and nonspecific symptoms during adolescence or adulthood...
September 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865728/gender-specific-association-of-exposure-to-non-dioxin-like-polychlorinated-biphenyls-during-pregnancy-with-methylation-levels-of-h19-and-long-interspersed-nuclear-element-1-in-cord-blood-in-the-hokkaido-study
#19
Sumitaka Kobayashi, Fumihiro Sata, Chihiro Miyashita, Ryu Miura, Kaoru Azumi, Sachiko Kobayashi, Houman Goudarzi, Atsuko Araki, Mayumi Ishizuka, Takashi Todaka, Jumboku Kajiwara, Tsuguhide Hori, Reiko Kishi
BACKGROUND: Associations between prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and reduced birth-size, and between DNA methylation of insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-2), H19 locus, and long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) and reduced birth-size are well established. To date, however, studies on the associations between prenatal exposure to PCBs and alterations in methylation of IGF-2, H19, and LINE-1 are lacking. Thus, in this study, we examined these associations with infant-gender stratification...
August 30, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857531/-when-should-gestation-of-a-gastroschisis-be-terminated
#20
J Prat, E Muñoz, E Calvo, J Sabrià, E Miró, A Pertierra, M Castañón
OBJECTIVES: In gastroschisis pregnancies, a) to correlate prenatal ultrasound variables with postnatal outcome and b) to determine the ideal time for setting the delivery in order to achieve the best neonatal outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review (2000-2015) of all available gastroschisis whose prenatal findings could be correlated with the neonatal outcome. Two study groups have been defined according to the complications present after birth: favorable gastrosquisis and complicated...
April 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
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