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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805942/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-following-abnormally-invasive-placenta-a-population-based-record-linkage-study
#1
Heather J Baldwin, Jillian A Patterson, Tanya A Nippita, Siranda Torvaldsen, Ibinabo Ibiebele, Judy M Simpson, Jane B Ford
INTRODUCTION: Abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) involves abnormal adherence of the placenta to the myometrium, and is associated with severe pregnancy complications such as blood transfusion and hysterectomy. Knowledge of outcomes has been limited by small sample sizes and a focus on maternal rather than neonatal outcomes. This study uses population-level data collected over ten years to investigate maternal and neonatal outcomes and trends in incidence of AIP (also known as placenta accreta, increta and percreta)...
August 14, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792712/external-quality-assessment-of-first-trimester-prenatal-biochemical-screening-in-china
#2
Shishi Zhang, Xiaoyan Zhang, Wei Wang, Falin He, Kun Zhong, Shuai Yuan, Zhiguo Wang
BACKGROUND: Free β subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (free β-hCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) are two important biomarkers in first-trimester prenatal screening. This study intended to reflect their analytical performance in clinical laboratories and main platforms of the 2015 External Quality Assessment (EQA) scheme for the first-trimester biochemical screening in China. METHODS: Ten lyophilized EQA samples, divided into two sets and analyzed in two cycles 20151 and 20152, were distributed to each participant in 2015...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764640/geographical-differences-in-perinatal-health-and-child-welfare-in-the-netherlands-rationale-for-the-healthy-pregnancy-4-all-2-program
#3
Adja J M Waelput, Meertien K Sijpkens, Jacqueline Lagendijk, Minke R C van Minde, Hein Raat, Hiske E Ernst-Smelt, Marlou L A de Kroon, Ageeth N Rosman, Jasper V Been, Loes C M Bertens, Eric A P Steegers
BACKGROUND: Geographical inequalities in perinatal health and child welfare require attention. To improve the identification, and care, of mothers and young children at risk of adverse health outcomes, the HP4All-2 program was developed. The program consists of three studies, focusing on creating a continuum for risk selection and tailored care pathways from preconception and antenatal care towards 1) postpartum care, 2) early childhood care, as well as 3) interconception care. The program has been implemented in ten municipalities in the Netherlands, aiming to target communities with a relatively disadvantageous position with regard to perinatal and child health outcomes...
August 1, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762498/accuracy-of-on-site-tests-to-detect-anemia-during-prenatal-care
#4
REVIEW
Soha Sobhy, Ewelina Rogozinska, Khalid S Khan
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a substantial contributor to poor pregnancy outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. Access to laboratory facilities is limited; therefore, on-site testing warrants attention. OBJECTIVES: To determine the accuracy of on-site tests to detect anemia in pregnancy. SEARCH STRATEGY: MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL, and Web of Science were searched from inception until March 2016, with no language restrictions, using the terms "pregnancy," "an(a)emia," and "h(a)emoglobin...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760050/inside-out-the-role-of-anger-experience-and-expression-in-the-development-of-postpartum-mood-disorders
#5
Antonio Bruno, Antonio Simone Laganà, Valentina Leonardi, Domenica Greco, Marzia Merlino, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Onofrio Triolo, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello
PURPOSE: Among negative emotions, anger has not been studied in as much depth in her connection to postpartum mood disorders. The study aimed to investigate the role of anger as a potential vulnerability factor increasing the risk of Maternity Blues (MB) and Postpartum Depression (PPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant women in their third trimester of pregnancy underwent the following tests: the State Trait Anger Expression Inventory 2 - STAXI-2 (baseline visit), the Blues Questionnaire -BQ (3 and 5 days after delivery), and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale - Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) (3 and 6 months following delivery)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755056/high-resolution-post-mortem-mri-of-non-fixed-in-situ-foetal-brain-in-the-second-trimester-of-gestation-normal-foetal-brain-development
#6
Elisa Scola, Giorgio Conte, Giovanni Palumbo, Sabrina Avignone, Claudia Maria Cinnante, Simona Boito, Nicola Persico, Tommaso Rizzuti, Fabio Triulzi
PURPOSE: To describe normal foetal brain development with high resolution post-mortem MRI (PMMRI) of non-fixed foetal brains. METHODS: We retrospectively collected PMMRIs of foetuses without intracranial abnormalities and chromosomal aberrations studied after a termination of pregnancy due to extracranial abnormalities or after a spontaneous intrauterine death. PMMRIs were performed on a 3-T scanner without any fixation and without removing the brain from the skull...
July 28, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752273/the-association-between-preconception-care-receipt-and-the-timeliness-and-adequacy-of-prenatal-care-an-examination-of-multistate-data-from-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-prams-2009-2011
#7
Meghan K Wally, Larissa R Brunner Huber, L Michele Issel, Michael E Thompson
Objectives Prenatal care (PNC) is a critical preventive health service for pregnant women and infants. While timely PNC has been associated with improved birth outcomes, improvements have slowed since the late 1990s. Therefore, focus has shifted to interventions prior to pregnancy. Preconception care is recommended for all women of reproductive age. This study aimed to examine preconception care and its association with timeliness and adequacy of PNC. Methods This retrospective cohort study used data from a large sample of United States first-time mothers (n = 13,509) who participated in the 2009-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System in ten states...
July 27, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750663/social-capital-and-health-during-pregnancy-an-in-depth-exploration-from-rural-sri-lanka
#8
Thilini Chanchala Agampodi, Thilde Rheinländer, Suneth Buddhika Agampodi, Nicholas Glozier, Sisira Siribaddana
BACKGROUND: Dimensions of social capital relevant to health in pregnancy are sparsely described in the literature. This study explores dimensions of social capital and the mechanisms in which they could affect the health of rural Sri Lankan pregnant women. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study of solicited diaries written by pregnant women on their social relationships, diary interviews and in-depth interviews with key informants was conducted. A framework approach for qualitative data analysis was used...
July 27, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744781/lung-function-in-pregnancy-in-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#9
Elżbieta Radzikowska, Elżbieta Wiatr, Monika Franczuk, Iwona Bestry, Kazimierz Roszkowski-Śliż
Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease, affecting usually young people. The course of the disease is variable. In some pulmonary LCH patients a severe lung destruction and progression in spite of chemotherapy is observed, but in others just a cessation of smoking induces a regression of the disease. In the present study we seek to determine the influence of pregnancy on pulmonary function in LCH patients, an unchartered area of research. We addressed the issue by investigating eight pregnant women out of the 45 women hospitalized with the diagnosis of pulmonary LCH in the period from 2000 to 2015...
July 26, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729096/can-the-presence-of-a-surrounding-endometrium-differentiate-eccentrically-located-intrauterine-pregnancy-from-interstitial-ectopic-pregnancy
#10
Allison Grant, Ally Murji, Mostafa Atri
OBJECTIVES: Differentiation of an eccentric intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) from an interstitial ectopic pregnancy (EP) is challenging. No sign for differentiation is reported. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the presence of surrounding endometrium (SE) can distinguish eccentric IUP from interstitial EP. METHODS: This study was approved by the institutional ethics board; consent acquisition was waived. Cases were identified using ultrasound (US) reports that included the words "interstitial," "cornual," and "angular...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728213/performance-of-non-invasive-prenatal-screening-for-fetal-aneuploidy-in-twin-pregnancies-a-meta-analysis
#11
Hong Liao, Shanling Liu, He Wang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the published studies of non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) in twin pregnancies and to evaluate the performance for screening fetal trisomies 21, 18, and 13 in twin pregnancies. METHOD: Ten eligible studies were included in this meta-analysis. Data analysis, heterogeneity exploring, meta-regression and subgroup analysis were all conducted with Meta-DiSc 1.4. Quality assessments were carried out with the Quality Assessment Tool for Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2)...
July 20, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724744/ten-years-transmission-of-the-new-variant-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-sweden-prevalence-of-infections-and-associated-complications
#12
Jenny Dahlberg, Ronza Hadad, Karin Elfving, Inger Larsson, Jenny Isaksson, Anders Magnuson, Hans Fredlund, Magnus Unemo, Bjőrn Herrmann
OBJECTIVES: In 2006, a new variant of Chlamydia trachomatis (nvCT) was discovered in Sweden. It has a deletion in the plasmid resulting in failed detection by the single target systems from Abbott and Roche used at that time, whereas the third system used, from Becton Dickinson (BD), detects nvCT. The proportion of nvCT was initially up to 65% in counties using Abbott/Roche systems. This study analysed the proportion of nvCT from 2007 to 2015 in four selected counties and its impact on chlamydia-associated complications...
July 19, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720234/effect-of-music-therapy-on-the-anxiety-levels-and-pregnancy-rate-of-women-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization-embryo-transfer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Yilda Arzu Aba, Dilek Avci, Yilmaz Guzel, Semanur Kumral Ozcelik, Basak Gurtekin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of music therapy on the anxiety levels and pregnancy rates of women who underwent in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer. METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted with 186 infertile women who presented to the In Vitro Fertilization Unit at the American Hospital in Turkey between April 2015 and April 2016. The infertile women who met the inclusion criteria were assigned to the music therapy group or the standard therapy group through block randomization...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715959/preeclampsia-and-maternal-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#14
Meizhen Sun, Yongling Fan, Yuanyuan Hou, Yanyan Fan
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders, including preeclampsia (PE) and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), may influence the maternal risk of breast cancer. However, results of the cohort studies were inconsistent. METHODS: An updated meta-analysis of cohort studies was performed to evaluate the association between PE, PIH and maternal breast cancer incidence. Relevant studies were identified via searching of PubMed and Embase databases. A random effect model was applied to synthesize the results...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715527/screening-criteria-for-ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-virus-infection
#15
Andrea A Zin, Irena Tsui, Julia Rossetto, Zilton Vasconcelos, Kristina Adachi, Stephanie Valderramos, Umme-Aiman Halai, Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone, Sheila Moura Pone, Joel Carlos Barros Silveira Filho, Mitsue S Aibe, Ana Carolina C da Costa, Olivia A Zin, Rubens Belfort, Patricia Brasil, Karin Nielsen-Saines, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
Importance: Current guidelines recommend screening eye examinations for infants with microcephaly or laboratory-confirmed Zika virus infection but not for all infants potentially exposed to Zika virus in utero. Objective: To evaluate eye findings in a cohort of infants whose mothers had polymerase chain reaction-confirmed Zika virus infection during pregnancy. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this descriptive case series performed from January 2 through October 30, 2016, infants were examined from birth to 1 year of age by a multidisciplinary medical team, including a pediatric ophthalmologist, from Fernandes Figueira Institute, a Ministry of Health referral center for high-risk pregnancies and infectious diseases in children in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715087/association-between-endometrial-subendometrial-vasculature-and-embryo-transfer-outcome-a-meta-analysis-and-subgroup-analysis
#16
Jianing Wang, Fei Xia, Ying Zhou, Xuedong Wei, Yanyan Zhuang, Yingxue Huang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between endometrial/subendometrial vasculature and in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and frozen embryo transfer (FET) outcomes. METHODS: A meta-analysis of studies using endometrial/subendometrial 3-dimensional ultrasound and power Doppler angiography was performed to examine the vascularization index (VI), flow index (FI), and vascularization-flow index (VFI) in pregnant and nonpregnant women. Ten articles were analyzed, including 895 pregnant women and 882 nonpregnant women...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708526/progesterone-concentration-and-lambing-rate-of-karakul-ewes-treated-with-prostaglandin-and-gnrh-combined-with-the-ram-effect-during-breeding-and-non-breeding-seasons
#17
A Mirzaei, M Mohebbi-Fani, A Omidi, A Boostani, S Nazifi, H R Mahmoodian-Fard, M Chahardahcherik
The combination of ram effect with two injections of PGF2α 10-days apart and the same protocol plus an additional injection of GnRH prior to the first injection of PGF2α were examined in Karakul ewes during breeding and non-breeding seasons, respectively. Plasma progesterone (P4) concentrations (to detect the presence of active corpus luteum), twin lambing, litter size and synchronization of lambing were evaluated. In each study 70 ewes (2-4 years old) were divided to a treatment (n = 40) and a control (n = 30) group...
June 9, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704472/prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-option-b-cascade-in-rural-tanzania-the-one-stop-clinic-model
#18
Anna Gamell, Lameck Bonaventure Luwanda, Aneth Vedastus Kalinjuma, Leila Samson, Alex John Ntamatungiro, Maja Weisser, Winfrid Gingo, Marcel Tanner, Christoph Hatz, Emilio Letang, Manuel Battegay
BACKGROUND: Strategies to improve the uptake of Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) are needed. We integrated HIV and maternal, newborn and child health services in a One Stop Clinic to improve the PMTCT cascade in a rural Tanzanian setting. METHODS: The One Stop Clinic of Ifakara offers integral care to HIV-infected pregnant women and their families at one single place and time. All pregnant women and HIV-exposed infants attended during the first year of Option B+ implementation (04/2014-03/2015) were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702150/adding-ofloxacin-to-standard-triple-drug-regimens-increased-the-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-rate-data-from-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Mahmoud Sadeghi-Hadad-Zavareh, Seyyedsaeid Mohammadi, Mahmoud Hajiahmadi, Mostafa Javanian, Masoomeh Habibian
BACKGROUND: The rate of Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) eradication in dyspeptic patients using bismuth- based triple therapy is low due to bacterial that are resistant to antibiotics. The results of recent studies regarding levofloxacin have been encouraging, but the high cost of treatment prevents its routine administration. We, therefore, performed the present double-blind clinical trial to compare the efficiency of quadruple-drug regimen containing ofloxacin, clarithromycin, amoxicillin, and omeprazole and the same standard triple-therapy regimen minus ofloxacin in H...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693617/socio-demographic-determinants-of-skilled-birth-attendant-at-delivery-in-rural-southern-ghana
#20
Alfred Kwesi Manyeh, David Etsey Akpakli, Vida Kukula, Rosemond Akepene Ekey, Solomon Narh-Bana, Alexander Adjei, Margaret Gyapong
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality is the subject of the United Nations' fifth Millennium Development Goal, which is to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three quarters from 1990 to 2015. The giant strides made by western countries in dropping of their maternal mortality ratio were due to the recognition given to skilled attendants at delivery. In Ghana, nine in ten mothers receive antenatal care from a health professional whereas only 59 and 68% of deliveries are assisted by skilled personnel in 2008 and 2010 respectively...
July 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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