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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729096/can-the-presence-of-a-surrounding-endometrium-differentiate-eccentrically-located-intrauterine-pregnancy-from-interstitial-ectopic-pregnancy
#1
Allison Grant, Ally Murji, Mostafa Atri
OBJECTIVES: Differentiation of an eccentric intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) from an interstitial ectopic pregnancy (EP) is challenging. No sign for differentiation is reported. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the presence of surrounding endometrium (SE) can distinguish eccentric IUP from interstitial EP. METHODS: This study was approved by the institutional ethics board; consent acquisition was waived. Cases were identified using ultrasound (US) reports that included the words "interstitial," "cornual," and "angular...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728213/performance-of-non-invasive-prenatal-screening-for-fetal-aneuploidy-in-twin-pregnancies-a-meta-analysis
#2
Hong Liao, Shanling Liu, He Wang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the published studies of non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) in twin pregnancies and to evaluate the performance for screening fetal trisomies 21, 18, and 13 in twin pregnancies. METHOD: Ten eligible studies were included in this meta-analysis. Data analysis, heterogeneity exploring, meta-regression and subgroup analysis were all conducted with Meta-DiSc 1.4. Quality assessments were carried out with the Quality Assessment Tool for Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2)...
July 20, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724744/ten-years-transmission-of-the-new-variant-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-sweden-prevalence-of-infections-and-associated-complications
#3
Jenny Dahlberg, Ronza Hadad, Karin Elfving, Inger Larsson, Jenny Isaksson, Anders Magnuson, Hans Fredlund, Magnus Unemo, Bjőrn Herrmann
OBJECTIVES: In 2006, a new variant of Chlamydia trachomatis (nvCT) was discovered in Sweden. It has a deletion in the plasmid resulting in failed detection by the single target systems from Abbott and Roche used at that time, whereas the third system used, from Becton Dickinson (BD), detects nvCT. The proportion of nvCT was initially up to 65% in counties using Abbott/Roche systems. This study analysed the proportion of nvCT from 2007 to 2015 in four selected counties and its impact on chlamydia-associated complications...
July 19, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720234/effect-of-music-therapy-on-the-anxiety-levels-and-pregnancy-rate-of-women-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization-embryo-transfer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Yilda Arzu Aba, Dilek Avci, Yilmaz Guzel, Semanur Kumral Ozcelik, Basak Gurtekin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of music therapy on the anxiety levels and pregnancy rates of women who underwent in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer. METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted with 186 infertile women who presented to the In Vitro Fertilization Unit at the American Hospital in Turkey between April 2015 and April 2016. The infertile women who met the inclusion criteria were assigned to the music therapy group or the standard therapy group through block randomization...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715959/preeclampsia-and-maternal-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#5
Meizhen Sun, Yongling Fan, Yuanyuan Hou, Yanyan Fan
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders, including preeclampsia (PE) and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), may influence the maternal risk of breast cancer. However, results of the cohort studies were inconsistent. METHODS: An updated meta-analysis of cohort studies was performed to evaluate the association between PE, PIH and maternal breast cancer incidence. Relevant studies were identified via searching of PubMed and Embase databases. A random effect model was applied to synthesize the results...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715527/screening-criteria-for-ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-virus-infection
#6
Andrea A Zin, Irena Tsui, Julia Rossetto, Zilton Vasconcelos, Kristina Adachi, Stephanie Valderramos, Umme-Aiman Halai, Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone, Sheila Moura Pone, Joel Carlos Barros Silveira Filho, Mitsue S Aibe, Ana Carolina C da Costa, Olivia A Zin, Rubens Belfort, Patricia Brasil, Karin Nielsen-Saines, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
Importance: Current guidelines recommend screening eye examinations for infants with microcephaly or laboratory-confirmed Zika virus infection but not for all infants potentially exposed to Zika virus in utero. Objective: To evaluate eye findings in a cohort of infants whose mothers had polymerase chain reaction-confirmed Zika virus infection during pregnancy. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this descriptive case series performed from January 2 through October 30, 2016, infants were examined from birth to 1 year of age by a multidisciplinary medical team, including a pediatric ophthalmologist, from Fernandes Figueira Institute, a Ministry of Health referral center for high-risk pregnancies and infectious diseases in children in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715087/association-between-endometrial-subendometrial-vasculature-and-embryo-transfer-outcome-a-meta-analysis-and-subgroup-analysis
#7
Jianing Wang, Fei Xia, Ying Zhou, Xuedong Wei, Yanyan Zhuang, Yingxue Huang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between endometrial/subendometrial vasculature and in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and frozen embryo transfer (FET) outcomes. METHODS: A meta-analysis of studies using endometrial/subendometrial 3-dimensional ultrasound and power Doppler angiography was performed to examine the vascularization index (VI), flow index (FI), and vascularization-flow index (VFI) in pregnant and nonpregnant women. Ten articles were analyzed, including 895 pregnant women and 882 nonpregnant women...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708526/progesterone-concentration-and-lambing-rate-of-karakul-ewes-treated-with-prostaglandin-and-gnrh-combined-with-the-ram-effect-during-breeding-and-non-breeding-seasons
#8
A Mirzaei, M Mohebbi-Fani, A Omidi, A Boostani, S Nazifi, H R Mahmoodian-Fard, M Chahardahcherik
The combination of ram effect with two injections of PGF2α 10-days apart and the same protocol plus an additional injection of GnRH prior to the first injection of PGF2α were examined in Karakul ewes during breeding and non-breeding seasons, respectively. Plasma progesterone (P4) concentrations (to detect the presence of active corpus luteum), twin lambing, litter size and synchronization of lambing were evaluated. In each study 70 ewes (2-4 years old) were divided to a treatment (n = 40) and a control (n = 30) group...
June 9, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704472/prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-option-b-cascade-in-rural-tanzania-the-one-stop-clinic-model
#9
Anna Gamell, Lameck Bonaventure Luwanda, Aneth Vedastus Kalinjuma, Leila Samson, Alex John Ntamatungiro, Maja Weisser, Winfrid Gingo, Marcel Tanner, Christoph Hatz, Emilio Letang, Manuel Battegay
BACKGROUND: Strategies to improve the uptake of Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) are needed. We integrated HIV and maternal, newborn and child health services in a One Stop Clinic to improve the PMTCT cascade in a rural Tanzanian setting. METHODS: The One Stop Clinic of Ifakara offers integral care to HIV-infected pregnant women and their families at one single place and time. All pregnant women and HIV-exposed infants attended during the first year of Option B+ implementation (04/2014-03/2015) were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702150/adding-ofloxacin-to-standard-triple-drug-regimens-increased-the-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-rate-data-from-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Mahmoud Sadeghi-Hadad-Zavareh, Seyyedsaeid Mohammadi, Mahmoud Hajiahmadi, Mostafa Javanian, Masoomeh Habibian
BACKGROUND: The rate of Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) eradication in dyspeptic patients using bismuth- based triple therapy is low due to bacterial that are resistant to antibiotics. The results of recent studies regarding levofloxacin have been encouraging, but the high cost of treatment prevents its routine administration. We, therefore, performed the present double-blind clinical trial to compare the efficiency of quadruple-drug regimen containing ofloxacin, clarithromycin, amoxicillin, and omeprazole and the same standard triple-therapy regimen minus ofloxacin in H...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693617/socio-demographic-determinants-of-skilled-birth-attendant-at-delivery-in-rural-southern-ghana
#11
Alfred Kwesi Manyeh, David Etsey Akpakli, Vida Kukula, Rosemond Akepene Ekey, Solomon Narh-Bana, Alexander Adjei, Margaret Gyapong
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality is the subject of the United Nations' fifth Millennium Development Goal, which is to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three quarters from 1990 to 2015. The giant strides made by western countries in dropping of their maternal mortality ratio were due to the recognition given to skilled attendants at delivery. In Ghana, nine in ten mothers receive antenatal care from a health professional whereas only 59 and 68% of deliveries are assisted by skilled personnel in 2008 and 2010 respectively...
July 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693447/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-midwife-psycho-education-for-fearful-pregnant-women-a-health-system-perspective-for-the-antenatal-period
#12
J Toohill, E Callander, J Gamble, D K Creedy, J Fenwick
BACKGROUND: Psycho-education can reduce childbirth fear and caesarean section numbers. This study determines the cost-effectiveness of a midwife-led psycho-education intervention for women fearful of birth. METHOD: One thousand four hundred ten pregnant women in south-east Queensland, Australia were screened for childbirth fear (W-DEQ A ≥ 66). Women with high scores (n = 339) were randomised to the BELIEF Study (Birth Emotions and Looking to Improve Expectant Fear) to receive psycho-education (n = 170) at 24 and 34 weeks of pregnancy or to the control group (n = 169)...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690049/initial-validation-of-blubber-cortisol-and-progesterone-as-indicators-of-stress-response-and-maturity-in-an-otariid-the-california-sea-lion-zalophus-californianus
#13
Nicole E Beaulieu-McCoy, Kathryn K Sherman, Marisa L Trego, Daniel E Crocker, Nicholas M Kellar
Chronic stress can have detrimental effects on an individual's health and reproductive success. The use of cortisol quantification as an indicator of stress in free-ranging cetaceans and phocids is increasing but no studies have applied this technique on blubber in otariids. We measured cortisol concentrations in blubber samples obtained from California sea lions, Zalophus californianus, stranded in San Diego County and those incidentally killed in the California drift gillnet fishery. We also measured progesterone concentrations to assess female reproductive status and, in males, as a potential secondary measure of adrenal steroid production...
July 6, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686950/residential-proximity-to-agricultural-fumigant-use-and-iq-attention-and-hyperactivity-in-7-year-old-children
#14
Robert B Gunier, Asa Bradman, Rosemary Castorina, Nina T Holland, Dylan Avery, Kim G Harley, Brenda Eskenazi
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to examine the relationship between residential proximity to agricultural fumigant use and neurodevelopment in 7-year old children. METHODS: Participants were living in the agricultural Salinas Valley, California and enrolled in the Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children Of Salinas (CHAMACOS) study. We administered the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (4th Edition) to assess cognition and the Behavioral Assessment System for Children (2nd Edition) to assess behavior...
July 4, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684651/secular-trends-in-caesarean-section-rates-over-20-years-in-a-regional-obstetric-unit-in-hong-kong
#15
W H Chung, C W Kong, W Wk To
INTRODUCTION: Although caesarean section rates have been increasing over the years in both public and private sectors in Hong Kong, there has been a paucity of formal surveys on local trends in such rates. This study aimed to examine the trends in caesarean section rates over a 20-year period at a public regional obstetric unit in Hong Kong using the Robson's Ten-group Classification System. METHODS: All deliveries in a single obstetric unit during a 20-year period (1995-2014) were classified into 10 subgroups according to the Robson's classification...
July 7, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678891/patient-portal-readiness-among-postpartum-patients-in-a-safety-net-setting
#16
Daryl Wieland, Anne Gibeau, Caitlin Dewey, Melanie Roshto, Hilary Frankel
BACKGROUND: Maternity patients interact with the healthcare system over an approximately ten-month interval, requiring multiple visits, acquiring pregnancy-specific education, and sharing health information among providers. Many features of a web-based patient portal could help pregnant women manage their interactions with the healthcare system; however, it is unclear whether pregnant women in safety-net settings have the resources, skills or interest required for portal adoption. OBJECTIVES: In this study of postpartum patients in a safety net hospital, we aimed to: (1) determine if patients have the technical resources and skills to access a portal, (2) gain insight into their interest in health information, and (3) identify the perceived utility of portal features and potential barriers to adoption...
July 5, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673871/rectal-shaving-using-plasma-energy-in-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-of-the-rectum-four-years-of-experience
#17
Noémie Marty, Salma Touleimat, Salwa Moatassim-Drissa, Jenny Claude Millochau, Aurélie Vallee, Emanuela Stochino Loi, Eulalie Desnyder, Horace Roman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate postoperative complications, digestive function and fertility outcomes in patients managed by rectal shaving using plasma energy in deep infiltrating endometriosis of the rectum. DESIGN: A single center retrospective cohort study using data prospectively recorded, including patients managed from December 2012 to December 2016. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force classification II-2. SETTINGS: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of Rouen University Hospital (France)...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673325/maternal-intake-of-high-n-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-diet-during-pregnancy-causes-transgenerational-increase-in-mammary-cancer-risk-in-mice
#18
Nguyen M Nguyen, Fabia de Oliveira Andrade, Lu Jin, Xiyuan Zhang, Madisa Macon, M Idalia Cruz, Carlos Benitez, Bryan Wehrenberg, Chao Yin, Xiao Wang, Jianhua Xuan, Sonia de Assis, Leena Hilakivi-Clarke
BACKGROUND: Maternal and paternal high-fat (HF) diet intake before and/or during pregnancy increases mammary cancer risk in several preclinical models. We studied if maternal consumption of a HF diet that began at a time when the fetal primordial germ cells travel to the genital ridge and start differentiating into germ cells would result in a transgenerational inheritance of increased mammary cancer risk. METHODS: Pregnant C57BL/6NTac mouse dams were fed either a control AIN93G or isocaloric HF diet composed of corn oil high in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids between gestational days 10 and 20...
July 3, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651564/experiences-of-austrian-mothers-with-mobility-or-sensory-impairments-during-pregnancy-childbirth-and-the-puerperium-a-qualitative-study
#19
Barbara Schildberger, Christoph Zenzmaier, Martina König-Bachmann
BACKGROUND: Approximately 8% of all women of childbearing age in Austria live with permanent impairments. In everyday life, women with disabilities face various challenges and discrimination, among which the issue of pregnancy and motherhood, in particular, is often considered taboo, and their parenting abilities are doubted. Knowledge in the medical field about the experiences of women with disabilities during pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium is limited. METHODS: To investigate the personal meanings and experiences of women with disabilities in regard to pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium, in-depth individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten mothers with various mobility or sensory impairments who reside in Austria...
June 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643361/screening-for-del-phenotype-in-rhd-negative-indians
#20
Swati Kulkarni, Disha S Parchure, Vidya Gopalkrishnan, Manisha Madkaikar
BACKGROUND: DEL phenotype represents a very weak form of D variant detected only by adsorption and elution technique. DEL phenotype individuals mistyped as RhD-negative can lead to alloimmunization after transfusion or pregnancy. Molecular techniques have now been used to identify DEL variants. They are commonly encountered in the East Asian population with RHD(K409K) being the most frequent allele. RHD(M295I) is the most common DEL allele in Caucasians. As there is a paucity of data on DEL phenotype in the Indian population, the study aims to screen RhD negative individuals for two most common DEL mutations...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
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