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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086827/mothers-accounts-of-the-impact-on-emotional-wellbeing-of-organised-peer-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood-a-qualitative-study
#1
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is a potentially vulnerable time for mothers' mental health and approximately 9-21% of women experience depression and/or anxiety at this time. Many more experience sub-clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as stress, low self-esteem and a loss of confidence. Women's emotional wellbeing is more at risk if they have little social support, a low income, are single parents or have a poor relationship with their partner. Peer support can comprise emotional, affirmational, informational and practical support; evidence of its impact on emotional wellbeing during pregnancy and afterwards is mixed...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070584/changes-in-protein-expression-profiles-in-bovine-endometrial-epithelial-cells-exposed-to-e-coli-lps-challenge
#2
Cristian Piras, Yongzhi Guo, Alessio Soggiu, Metasu Chanrot, Viviana Greco, Andrea Urbani, Gilles Charpigny, Luigi Bonizzi, Paola Roncada, Patrice Humblot
E. coli is one of the most frequently involved bacteria in uterine diseases. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria involved in pathogenic processes leading to post-partum metritis and endometritis in cattle. It also causes inflammation of the endometrium. The increase of cell proliferation by LPS is part of the inflammatory process. The aim of this study was to investigate possible changes in protein expression in relation to the proliferative response of bEECs after challenge with E...
January 10, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069317/unconscious-collusion-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-maternity-care-experiences-of-women-with-obesity-bmi%C3%A2-30kg-m%C3%A2
#3
Sandra Atkinson, Patricia Mannix McNamara
BACKGROUND: obstetric and midwifery literature consctinually emphasise incidence and consequence of obesity in pregnancy. However, they offer less consensus on how best to support women who are obese. Therefore, this study explores in depth the lived experience of women who have a Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥30kg/m². This exploration provides a bio-psycho-social understanding of the lived experience of women to identify how best to support them throughout their childbirth experience. METHODS: an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) design was adopted for this qualitative study...
December 16, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067049/amniotic-fluid-and-maternal-serum-metabolic-signatures-in-the-2nd-trimester-associated-with-pre-term-delivery
#4
Christina Virgiliou, Helen G Gika, Michael Witting, Anna A Bletsou, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Menelaos Zafrakas, Nikolaos S Thomaidis, Nikolaos Raikos, Georgios Makrydimas, Georgios A Theodoridis
Pre-term delivery (PTD) represents a major health problem which occurs in one in ten births. The hypothesis of the present study was that the metabolic profile of different biological fluids, obtained from pregnant women during the 2nd trimester of gestation, could allow useful correlations with pregnancy outcome. Holistic and targeted metabolomics approaches were applied for the complementary assessment of the metabolic content of prospectively collected amniotic fluid (AF) and paired maternal blood serum samples from 35 women who delivered preterm (between 29weeks+0days and 36weeks +5 days gestation) and 35 women delivered at term...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063622/how-do-women-feel-about-being-weighed-during-pregnancy-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-opinions-and-experiences-of-postnatal-women
#5
Virginia Allen-Walker, Laura Mullaney, Michael J Turner, Jayne V Woodside, Valerie A Holmes, Daniel Ma McCartney, Michelle C McKinley
OBJECTIVE: to explore routine weighing in antenatal care and weight management in pregnancy with women who have been weighed during pregnancy. DESIGN: a qualitative study utilising semi-structured telephone interviews, and thematic analysis. SETTING: participants resided in Dublin, Ireland and had been weighed during pregnancy. PARTICIPANTS: individual telephone interviews conducted with ten postpartum women (nine months postpartum)...
December 13, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061818/perspectives-preferences-and-needs-regarding-early-prediction-of-preeclampsia-in-dutch-pregnant-women-a-qualitative-study
#6
Neeltje M T H Crombag, Marije Lamain-de Ruiter, Anneke Kwee, Peter C J I Schielen, Jozien M Bensing, Gerard H A Visser, Arie Franx, Maria P H Koster
BACKGROUND: To improve early risk-identification in pregnancy, research on prediction models for common pregnancy complications is ongoing. Therefore, it was the aim of this study to explore pregnant women's perceptions, preferences and needs regarding prediction models for first trimester screening for common pregnancy complications, such as preeclampsia, to support future implementation. METHOD: Ten focus groups (of which five with primiparous and five with multiparous women) were conducted (n = 45)...
January 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050900/planned-early-birth-versus-expectant-management-waiting-for-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-at-term-37-weeks-or-more
#7
REVIEW
Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd, Vicki Flenady, Rosemary D McBain, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM) at term is managed expectantly or by planned early birth. It is not clear if waiting for birth to occur spontaneously is better than intervening, e.g. by inducing labour. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to assess the effects of planned early birth (immediate intervention or intervention within 24 hours) when compared with expectant management (no planned intervention within 24 hours) for women with term PROM on maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes...
January 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045917/impact-of-pregestational-weight-and-weight-gain-during-pregnancy-on-long-term-risk-for-diseases
#8
Ulrika Moll, Håkan Olsson, Mona Landin-Olsson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the impact of maternal BMI at start of pregnancy and maternal weight gain during pregnancy on the risk of various diseases later in life. METHODS: In a population-based cohort from southern Sweden, women with at least one delivery registered in the Swedish Medical Birth Register ten or more years before answering a health questionnaire were identified (n = 13,608). Complete data were found in 3,539 women. RESULTS: Women with BMI >25 at start of pregnancy had increased risk of developing obesity (OR 21...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045901/zika-virus-infection-as-a-cause-of-congenital-brain-abnormalities-and-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-systematic-review
#9
Fabienne Krauer, Maurane Riesen, Ludovic Reveiz, Olufemi T Oladapo, Ruth Martínez-Vega, Teegwendé V Porgo, Anina Haefliger, Nathalie J Broutet, Nicola Low
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) stated in March 2016 that there was scientific consensus that the mosquito-borne Zika virus was a cause of the neurological disorder Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and of microcephaly and other congenital brain abnormalities based on rapid evidence assessments. Decisions about causality require systematic assessment to guide public health actions. The objectives of this study were to update and reassess the evidence for causality through a rapid and systematic review about links between Zika virus infection and (a) congenital brain abnormalities, including microcephaly, in the foetuses and offspring of pregnant women and (b) GBS in any population, and to describe the process and outcomes of an expert assessment of the evidence about causality...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041548/-heterotopic-pregnancy-following-in-vitro-fertilization-with-excision-of-ruptured-cornual-pregnancy-and-eventually-caesarean-section-close-to-term
#10
Jimmi Elers, Helle Zingenberg, Mette H Bing, Lene Paulsen
We describe a rare case of heterotopic pregnancy following in vitro fertilization with transferring of two embryos in a 39-year-old woman with previous bilateral salpingectomy. An ultrasound examination was performed on the day before admission showing a vital intrauterine pregnancy and no ectopic pregnancy. The woman was admitted with a ruptured cornual pregnancy at ten weeks of gestation. Laparotomy was performed on vital indication with excision of the ruptured haemorrhagic cornual pregnancy. The intrauterine pregnancy continued uneventfully with obstetric and fetal medicine specialist monitoring...
December 26, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033044/caliper-method-versus-digital-photogrammetry-for-assessing-arch-height-index-in-pregnant-women
#11
Kathryn D Harrison, Jean L McCrory
BACKGROUND: Foot anthropometry may be altered during pregnancy. Pregnant women often report lower-extremity pain that may be related to these alterations. The Arch Height Index Measurement System is a common method of foot arch assessment; however, the required calipers are costly and are not widely available. Thus, we compared the reliability of a digital photogrammetry method of arch height index (AHI) assessment with that of the Arch Height Index Measurement System. METHODS: Ten pregnant women (mean ± SD: age, 29 ± 4 years; height, 166...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029179/prenatal-diagnosis-of-congenital-heart-diseases-by-fetal-echocardiography-in-second-trimester-a-chinese-multicenter-study
#12
Chen Chu, Yingliu Yan, Yunyun Ren, Xiaotian Li, Yonghao Gui
INTRODUCTION: The objective of our study was to evaluate the performance of detailed fetal echocardiography by skilled obstetric physician sonologists in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) in a Chinese population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This investigation included a multicenter prospective cohort of 10,259 pregnant women attending ten regional tertiary hospitals in China. The inclusion criteria were singleton pregnancy and gestational age 18 ~ ≤28 weeks...
December 28, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012775/comparison-of-functional-assays-used-in-the-clinical-development-of-a-placental-malaria-vaccine
#13
Caroline Pehrson, Kristine K Heno, Yvonne Adams, Mafalda Resende, Line Mathiesen, Max Soegaard, Willem A de Jongh, Thor G Theander, Ali Salanti, Morten A Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Malaria in pregnancy is associated with significant morbidity in pregnant women and their offspring. Plasmodium falciparum infected erythrocytes (IE) express VAR2CSA that mediates binding to chondroitin sulphate A (CSA) in the placenta. Two VAR2CSA-based vaccines for placental malaria are in clinical development. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the robustness and comparability of binding inhibition assays used in the clinical development of placental malaria vaccines...
December 21, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007511/-neonatal-palliative-care-at-home-contribution-of-the-regional-pediatric-palliative-care-team
#14
N Cojean, C Strub, P Kuhn, L Calvel
The "patients' rights and end-of-life care" act, known as the Leonetti law, has allowed implementation of palliative care in neonatology as an alternative to unreasonable therapeutic interventions. A palliative care project can be offered to newborns suffering from intractable diseases. It must be focused on the newborn's quality of life and comfort and on family support. Palliative care for newborns can be provided in the delivery room, in the neonatal unit, and also at home. Going home is possible but requires medical support...
December 19, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003801/deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-affecting-the-urinary-tract-surgical-treatment-and-fertility-outcomes-in-2004-2013
#15
Liisu Saavalainen, Oskari Heikinheimo, Aila Tiitinen, Päivi Härkki
Urinary tract endometriosis (UTE) is a rare form of deep infiltrating endometriosis. We studied the operative treatment of UTE and evaluated postoperative recurrences and fertility outcomes. This is a retrospective cohort study of 53 women who underwent operative treatment for UTE in 2004-2013 at Helsinki University Hospital, and were followed-up until the end of 2014. The data were gathered from the hospital's electronic database. The main outcome measures were complications, reoperations, postoperative pregnancies, and deliveries...
2016: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002994/implementation-of-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-pmtct-program-in-the-northern-cape-south-africa
#16
Bianca Myburgh, Riette Nel, Ronette Lategan-Potgieter
BACKGROUND: South Africa's Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) program has been implemented for over ten years. This has led to a considerable reduction in mother-to-child transmissions. In 2010, the Northern Cape Province had a 1.4% transmission rate, being the lowest in the country. OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of the PMTCT program in the Frances Baard district, Northern Cape Province; South Africa and identify factors that may influence the effectiveness of this program...
December 21, 2016: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997141/neonatal-metabolomic-profiles-related-to-prenatal-arsenic-exposure
#17
Jessica E Laine, Kathryn A Bailey, Andrew F Olshan, Lisa Smeester, Zuzana Drobná, Miroslav Stýblo, Christelle Douillet, Gonzalo García-Vargas, Marisela Rubio-Andrade, Wimal Pathmasiri, Susan McRitchie, Susan J Sumner, Rebecca C Fry
Prenatal inorganic arsenic (iAs) exposure is associated with health effects evident at birth and later in life. An understanding of the relationship between prenatal iAs exposure and alterations in the neonatal metabolome could reveal critical molecular modifications, potentially underpinning disease etiologies. In this study, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy-based metabolomic analysis was used to identify metabolites in neonate cord serum associated with prenatal iAs exposure in participants from the Biomarkers of Exposure to ARsenic (BEAR) pregnancy cohort, in Gómez Palacio, Mexico...
January 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990102/a-neglected-opportunity-for-china-s-tobacco-control-shift-in-smoking-behavior-during-and-after-wives-pregnancy
#18
Hao Yin, Xiao Chen, Pinpin Zheng, Michelle Kegler, Qinfeng Shen, Biao Xu
BACKGROUND: Although observational data suggest that men's attempts and behavior at quitting smoking are often stimulated during their spouses' pregnancy, few studies have systematically examined this phenomenon. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study which examined Chinese men's smoking behaviors during and after their wives' pregnancy. Women who visited community health centers for routine immunization of their children were approached. Information was mainly collected on men's tobacco use before, during and after pregnancy in July to August 2011...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988883/surveillance-of-adverse-events-after-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-in-pregnant-women-and-their-infants-in-the-vaccine-adverse-event-reporting-system-july-2010-may-2016
#19
Pedro Moro, Jane Baumblatt, Paige Lewis, Janet Cragan, Naomi Tepper, Maria Cano
INTRODUCTION: Routine immunization of pregnant women with seasonal inactivated influenza vaccines (IIVs) is recommended in all trimesters of pregnancy. A review of the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) during 1990-2009 did not find any unexpected patterns of pregnancy complications or fetal outcomes after administration of IIV or live attenuated influenza vaccines (LAIVs). During the 2009-2010 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) vaccination campaign, a study noted that the number of VAERS reports from pregnant women who received the H1N1 2009 inactivated monovalent vaccine (n = 288) increased compared with 1990-2009 seasonal IIV pregnancy reports (n = 148)...
December 17, 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984183/repeated-prenatal-exposure-to-valproic-acid-results-in-cerebellar-hypoplasia-and-ataxia
#20
Stacey L Main, Randy J Kulesza
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental brain disorder characterized by restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, social and communication defects, and is commonly associated with difficulties with motor coordination. The etiology of ASD, while mostly idiopathic, has been linked to hereditary factors and teratogens, such as valproic acid (VPA). VPA is used clinically to treat epilepsy, mood disorders, and in the prevention of migraines. The use of VPA during pregnancy significantly increases the risk of ASD in the offspring...
October 27, 2016: Neuroscience
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