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Dignity respect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647664/patient-perceived-responsiveness-of-primary-care-systems-across-europe-and-the-relationship-with-the-health-expenditure-and-remuneration-systems-of-primary-care-doctors
#1
Anna Maria Murante, Chiara Seghieri, Milena Vainieri, Willemijn L A Schäfer
BACKGROUND: Health systems are expected to be responsive, that is to provide services that are user-oriented and respectful of people. Several surveys have tried to measure all or some of the dimensions of the responsiveness (e.g. autonomy, choice, clarity of communication, confidentiality, dignity, prompt attention, quality of basic amenities, and access to family and community support), however there is little evidence regarding the level of responsiveness of primary care (PC) systems...
June 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643812/-conscience-clause-in-end-of-life-care
#2
Ludovica De Panfilis, Daniela Cattaneo, Luisanna Cola, Maddalena Gasparini, Corinna Porteri, Daniela Tarquini, Alessandro Tiezzi, Simone Veronese, Silvia Zullo, Eugenio Pucci
The article proposes a critical reflection on issues that appeal to the conscience clause as part of end of life care can produce and what can guarantee freedom of conscience, self-determination of those involved and respect for the dignity of the sick person. After a philosophical and normative analysis, the article is organized on the basis of two important documents for discussion: a position paper of Società Italiana di Anestesia Analgesia Rianimazione e Terapia Intensiva (SIAARTI) signed by several scientific societies "Grandi insufficienze d'organo end stage: cure intensive o cure palliative?" and the Design of Law currently being debated "Norme in materia di consenso informato e di disposizioni anticipate di trattamento"...
May 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631537/sustainability-in-care-through-an-ethical-practice-model
#3
Linda Nyholm, Susanne Salmela, Lisbet Nyström, Camilla Koskinen
BACKGROUND: While sustainability is a key concept in many different domains today, it has not yet been sufficiently emphasized in the healthcare sector. Earlier research shows that ethical values and evidence-based care models create sustainability in care practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain further understanding of the ethical values central to the realization of sustainability in care and to create an ethical practice model whereby these basic values can be made perceptible and active in care practice...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587502/ethical-values-in-nurse-education-perceived-by-students-and-educators
#4
Mahsa Boozaripour, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Mohsen Shahriari, Fariba Borhani
BACKGROUND: Education is considered the first function and mission of the university, and observing educational ethics guarantees the health of the teaching-learning process in the university. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore ethical values in nursing education from the perspective of Iranian nursing students and educators. RESEARCH DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted using the Thematic Content Analyses method. The data were collected from seven semi-structured individual interviews and three focus group discussions from July to November 2015...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558489/ethical-dilemmas-during-cardiac-arrest-incidents-in-the-patient-s-home
#5
Mattias Karlsson, Niclas Karlsson, Yvonne Hilli
BACKGROUND: The majority (70%) of cardiac arrests in Sweden are experienced in the patient's home. In these situations, the ambulance nurses may encounter several ethical dilemmas. AIM: The aim was to investigate Swedish specialist ambulance nurses' experiences of ethical dilemmas associated with cardiac arrest situations in adult patients' homes. METHODS: Nine interviews were conducted with specialist ambulance nurses at four different ambulance stations in the southeast region of Sweden...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555302/respecting-the-dignity-of-children-with-disabilities-in-clinical-practice
#6
Adam Cureton, Anita Silvers
Prevailing philosophies about parental and other caregiver responsibilities toward children tend to be protectionist, grounded in informed benevolence in a way that countenances rather than circumvents intrusive paternalism. And among the kinds of children an adult might be called upon to parent or otherwise care for, children with disabilities figure among those for whom the strongest and snuggest shielding is supposed be deployed. In this article, we examine whether this equation of securing well-being with sheltering by protective parents and other care-givers should unreflectively be adopted for disabled children...
May 29, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549409/a-qualitative-study-of-immigrant-women-on-long-term-sick-leave-and-their-experience-of-dignity
#7
Line Nortvedt, Bernadette Nirmal Kumar, Vibeke Lohne
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore if and how immigrant women suffering from chronic pain experience and maintain their dignity, during rehabilitation. METHODS: The study was designed as a field study, with participant observation and in-depth interviews. Participant observations were carried out during a rehabilitation course for 14 immigrant women on an outpatient clinic at a rehabilitation hospital in southern Norway. In-depth interviews were performed after the rehabilitation period...
May 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546981/nurses-commitment-to-respecting-patient-dignity
#8
Zahra Raee, Heidarali Abedi, Mohsen Shahriari
BACKGROUND: Although respecting human dignity is a cornerstone of all nursing practices, industrialization has gradually decreased the attention paid to this subject in nursing care. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate nurses' commitment to respecting patient dignity in hospitals of Isfahan, Iran. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted in hospitals of Isfahan. Overall, 401 inpatients were selected by cluster sampling and then selected simple random sampling from different wards...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529086/educating-student-midwives-around-dignity-and-respect
#9
Jenny S Hall, Mary Mitchell
FOCUS: There is currently limited information available on how midwifery students learn to provide care that promotes dignity and respect. BACKGROUND: In recent years the importance of dignity in healthcare and treating people with respect has received considerable emphasis in both a national and international context. AIM: The aim of this discussion paper is to describe an educational workshop that enables learning to promote dignity and respect in maternity care...
May 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495106/israel-health-and-beyond
#10
REVIEW
Karl Skorecki, Richard Horton
The principle that global human identity and dignity supersede other values is a broadly accepted conviction that guides practice and policies in the realm of human health in most of the world. An assessment of the level of success that Israel has achieved in health, in the face of formidable challenges, including rapid population growth, diverse and often divided ethnic affiliations, and existential security threats, leads us to propose that extension of this principle of global human identity and dignity, together with the objective of a decent society, as overriding values beyond health to other domains of human endeavour within Israel and in its relations with neighbouring peoples, represents an entirely achievable imperative...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462397/an-overview-on-ethical-considerations-in-stem-cell-research-in-iran-and-ethical-recommendations-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Tahmineh Farajkhoda
Conducting research on the stem cell lines might bring some worthy good to public. Human Stem Cells (hSCs) research has provided opportunities for scientific progresses and new therapies, but some complex ethical matters should be noticed to ensure that stem cell research is carried out in an ethically appropriate manner. The aim of this review article is to discuss the importance of stem cell research, code of ethics for stem cell research in Iran and ethical recommendation. Generation of stem cells for research from human embryo or adult stem cells, saving, maintenance and using of them are the main ethical, legal and jurisprudence concerns in Iran...
February 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426540/family-functioning-predicts-end-of-life-care-quality-in-patients-with-cancer-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Myung Kyung Lee, Young Ho Yun
BACKGROUND: Treating patients with cancer within a family setting is the accepted standard of care and a hallmark of end-of-life (EoL) quality of care (QoC). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether family caregiver functioning predicts EoL QoC received by terminally ill patients with cancer. METHODS: Family caregivers of terminally ill patients with cancer (n = 264) were enrolled from oncology inpatient and outpatient units of 12 large hospitals located in different regions throughout South Korea...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399755/nmc-ruling-could-encourage-futile-cpr
#13
Alison Moore
What would you do if you found a patient had died in the night while under your care? Most nurses would inform their superiors and probably play a part in contacting relatives with the bad news. Their actions would be aimed at protecting the dignity of the person who had died and showing respect for them and their bereaved family.
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395044/human-rights-its-meaning-and-practice-in-social-work-field-settings
#14
Julie A Steen, Mary Mann, Nichole Restivo, Shellene Mazany, Reshawna Chapple
The goal of the study reported in this article was to explore the conceptualizations of human rights and human rights practice among students and supervisors in social work field settings. Data were collected from 35 students and 48 supervisors through an online survey system that featured two open-ended questions regarding human rights issues in their agency and human rights practice tasks. Responses suggest that participants encountered human rights issues related to poverty, discrimination, participation/self-determination/autonomy, violence, dignity/respect, privacy, and freedom/liberty...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392591/achieving-moral-high-quality-affordable-medical-care-in-america-through-a-true-free-market
#15
David McKalip
The basis of a just and moral economic model for health care is examined in the context of Catholic social teaching. The performance of the current model of "central economic planning" in medicine is evaluated in terms of the core principles of the social doctrine of the Catholic Church and compared to freedom-based economic models. It is clear that the best way to respect and serve human dignity, the common good, subsidiarity, and solidarity in medicine is through the establishment of a true, free-market health economy...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339986/the-national-association-of-social-workers-code-of-ethics-and-cultural-competence-what-does-anne-fadiman-s-the-spirit-catches-you-and-you-fall-down-teach-us-today
#16
Haylee Hebenstreit
This article discusses limitations in the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics conceptualization of "cultural competence." It uses the case example presented in Anne Fadiman's classic (2012) work, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures, to explore the conventional markers of cultural competence, as taught in contemporary graduate-level social work education curricula, and their implications for socially just practice...
March 4, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332124/use-of-physical-restraints-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-in-ethiopian-mental-specialized-hospital-outpatient-department-cross-sectional-study
#17
Habte Belete
BACKGROUND: Even though United Nation announced that all persons with a mental illness shall be treated with humanity and respect for the inherent dignity of the human being, up to now, the use of coercion (physical restrain) is still considered as unavoidable in managing abnormal behavior of psychiatric patients. But, there is no information regarding the magnitude and contributing factors of physical restrain among bipolar patients in low-income countries like Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital from May 1 to June 1, 2015 among 400 participants who were selected by systematic random sampling technique...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329207/people-centered-language-recommendations-for-sleep-research-communication
#18
Rebecca E Fuoco
The growing embrace of patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) in sleep medicine is a significant step forward for the field. In engaging and incorporating the unique perspectives of people with sleep disorders, PCOR enhances the relevance of findings and facilitates the uptake of research into practice. While centering research design around what matters most to people with sleep disorders is critical, research communication must be similarly people-centered. One approach is using "people-centered language" in both professional and public communications...
April 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319151/ethical-problems-in-an-era-where-disasters-have-become-a-part-of-daily-life-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-workers-in-turkey
#19
M Murat Civaner, Kevser Vatansever, Kayihan Pala
BACKGROUND: Natural disasters, armed conflict, migration, and epidemics today occur more frequently, causing more death, displacement of people and economic loss. Their burden on health systems and healthcare workers (HCWs) is getting heavier accordingly. The ethical problems that arise in disaster settings may be different than the ones in daily practice, and can cause preventable harm or the violation of basic human rights. Understanding the types and the determinants of ethical challenges is crucial in order to find the most benevolent action while respecting the dignity of those affected people...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314546/liaison-psychiatry-professionals-views-of-general-hospital-care-for-patients-with-mental-illness-the-care-of-patients-with-mental-illness-in-the-general-hospital-setting
#20
J Noblett, A Caffrey, T Deb, A Khan, E Lagunes-Cordoba, O Gale-Grant, C Henderson
OBJECTIVE: Explore the experiences of liaison psychiatry professionals, to gain a greater understanding of the quality of care patients with mental illness receive in the general hospital setting; the factors that affect the quality of care; and their insights on interventions that could improve care. METHODS: A survey questionnaire and qualitative in depth interviews were used to collect data. Data collection took place at the Royal College of Psychiatrists Faculty of Liaison Psychiatry Annual conference...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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