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Dignity respect

Miriam Ethel Bentwich, Nomy Dickman, Amitai Oberman
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether gaps exist between caretakers from different ethno-cultural groups (Israeli-born Jews [Sabras], Israeli Arabs [Arabs], and migrants from Russia [Russians]) regarding their perceptions of autonomy and human dignity of patients with dementia. DESIGN: A mixed-methods research scheme was used, comprised of qualitative and quantitative methods, utilizing semi-structured interviews and self-reported questionnaires. Twenty formal caretakers participated in the qualitative portion, and approximately 200 caretakers were included in the quantitative portion...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Franca Benini, Roberta Vecchi, Pierina Lazzarin, Momcilo Jankovic, Luciano Orsi, Luca Manfredini, Paola Drigo, Valentina Sellaroli, Michele Gangemi, Marco Spizzichino, Marcello Orzalesi
PURPOSE: The death of a child is a devastating and tragic event for all those involved. This charter aims to help healthcare workers and people assisting terminally ill children to recognize some important rights of the child, with some related suggestions. We consider it important to have a trace of this process, based on the skillfulness of long-lasting experts. METHODS: In September 2012, a group of professionals working with children affected by incurable illness in Italy launched a project to formulate the charter...
October 8, 2016: Tumori
Gillian M Johnson, Rebekah Little, Anke Staufenberg, Angus McDonald, Karen G M Taylor
BACKGROUND: Research to date has focused on dignity within the hospital rather than outpatient settings which is likely to raise different issues from the patients' perspective. PURPOSE: To investigate patients' views relating to draping and dignity and their choice of dressing options in the physiotherapy outpatient setting. METHOD: A custom-designed questionnaire was developed including feedback from a focus group of 10 individuals attending a physiotherapy outpatient clinic...
August 31, 2016: Manual Therapy
Jenny Hall, Mary Mitchell
In the UK respect, dignity and compassion are the underpinning values which must determine service user care in the National Health Service (NHS). In midwifery education it is unclear how students are being taught these values. We created a study that aimed to explore how learning about dignity and respect is facilitated and assessed within pre-registration midwifery curricula. An online survey was devised and distributed to all Lead Midwives for Education in the UK. The findings are presented under the three main themes of understanding the meaning of dignity and respect, teaching and assessment and experiences...
September 16, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Joseph A Carrese, Gail Geller, Emily D Branyon, Lindsay K Forbes, Rachel J Topazian, Brian W Weir, Omar Khatib, Jeremy Sugarman
OBJECTIVE: Treating patients and family members with respect and dignity is a core objective of health care, yet it is unclear how best to measure this in the ICU setting. Accordingly, we sought to create a direct observation checklist to assess the "respect and dignity status" of an ICU. DESIGN: A draft checklist based on previous work was iteratively revised to enhance accuracy and feasibility. SETTING: Seven ICUs within the Johns Hopkins Health System...
September 22, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Rosemarie Rizzo Parse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Nursing Science Quarterly
Dianne Gove, Anthony Scerri, Jean Georges, Paul van Houten, Nicole Huige, Daniela Hayder-Beichel, Kai Leichsenring, Vikky Christina Morris
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To report the findings of a review of literature relating to the continence care of community-dwelling people with dementia in Europe. BACKGROUND: More than two thirds of people with dementia live at home and many experience continence problems. Incontinence is a significant contributor towards institutionalisation. Care and support is often inadequate or inappropriate and guidelines are lacking. This represents a failure to respect the human rights and dignity of this group...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Marc Dilauro, Rebecca Thornhill, Najla Fasih
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Preservation of patient privacy and dignity are basic requirements for all patients visiting a hospital. The purpose of this study was to perform an audit of patients' satisfaction with privacy whilst in the Department of Medical Imaging (MI) at the Civic Campus of the Ottawa Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Outpatients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), ultrasonography (US), and plain film (XR) examinations were provided with a survey on patient privacy...
September 7, 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
Heather A Heaton, Ronna L Campbell, Kristine M Thompson, Annie T Sadosty
BACKGROUND: More than 30 million people are affected annually by medical errors. Apologies can heal patients, families, and providers and, if deployed and structured appropriately, can enrich clinical encounters-yet they rarely occur. OBJECTIVES: This article will address the nonlegal arguments in favor of the medical apology and discuss a structure for delivering a meaningful apology. In addition, we will review reasons why some providers feel compelled to apologize while others faced with similar circumstances do not...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Charlotte Wool, Beth Perry Black, Anne B Nancy Woods
Measurement of quality indicators (QIs) in perinatal palliative care has not been addressed. Parents who chose to continue pregnancy after a diagnosis of a life-limiting fetal condition described perceptions of quality care and their satisfaction with care. This research identified which QIs explained parental satisfaction. High QI scores are associated with parental satisfaction. Parents who were satisfied reported 2.9 times the odds that their baby was treated with dignity and respect and 3.4 times the odds their medical care was addressed...
September 7, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Anna Winfield, Eileen Burns
Safe and appropriate transition between inpatient settings and the community is one of the major challenges facing the modern NHS. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence in conjunction with the Social Care Institute for Excellence published guidance on this challenging area in December 2015. This commentary provides context, summary and discussion of the key areas covered. The guidance particularly emphasises the importance of a person-centred approach in which patients are individuals and equal partners in the multidisciplinary team who should be treated with dignity and respect...
August 18, 2016: Age and Ageing
Mainul Haque, Zainal Zulkifli, Seraj Zohurul Haque, Zubair M Kamal, Abdus Salam, Vidya Bhagat, Ahmed Ghazi Alattraqchi, Nor Iza A Rahman
Defining professionalism in this constantly evolving world is not easy. How do you measure degrees of benevolence and compassion? If it is so obvious to our profession, what professionalism is, then why is it so difficult to teach it to medical students and residents? Today's definition of medical professionalism is evolving - from autonomy to accountability, from expert opinion to evidence-based medicine, and from self-interest to teamwork and shared responsibility. However, medical professionalism is defined as the basis for the trust in the patient-physician relationship, caring and compassion, insight, openness, respect for patient dignity, confidentiality, autonomy, presence, altruism, and those qualities that lead to trust-competence, integrity, honesty, morality, and ethical conduct...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Olivia Ibáñez-Masero, Ángela M Ortega-Galán, M Inés Carmona-Rega, M Dolores Ruiz-Fernández, José Cabrera-Troya, Rogelio García-Cisneros, Fernando Relinque Medina
OBJECTIVE: To explore the meaning of dying with dignity from the perspective of the direct witnesses who have accompanied this process in dying people from Andalusia. METHOD: Phenomenological study conducted in different centres, which including analysing the transcriptions of the dialogues from discussion groups with 40 participants in five provinces in Southern Spain. The data was analysed using the Van Manen proposal and Atlas Ti 7.0 program was applied as a software tool...
August 10, 2016: Enfermería Clínica
Farid Najafi, Behzad Karami-Matin, Satar Rezaei, Nader Rajabi-Gilan, Moslem Soofi
BACKGROUND: Responsiveness is one of the three main goals of the health system introduced by World Health Organization. This study aimed at examining health system responsiveness after Health Sector Evolution Plan in Kermanshah, Western Iran. METHODS: A sample of 335 hospitalized patients was selected using proportionate allocation to population size method in the city of Kermanshah (Iran) in 2015. World Health Survey (WHS) questionnaire was used to collect data...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
(no author information available yet)
For an adolescent with physical disabilities, intellectual disabilities, or both, and for her caregivers, menstruation can present significant challenges. If, after an evaluation, the adolescent, her family, and the obstetrician-gynecologist have decided that menstrual intervention is warranted, advantages and disadvantages of hormonal methods should be reviewed and individualized to each patient's specific needs. Complete amenorrhea may be difficult to achieve, and realistic expectations should be addressed with the patient and her caregivers...
August 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
(no author information available yet)
For an adolescent with physical disabilities, intellectual disabilities, or both, and for her caregivers, menstruation can present significant challenges. If, after an evaluation, the adolescent, her family, and the obstetrician-gynecologist have decided that menstrual intervention is warranted, advantages and disadvantages of hormonal methods should be reviewed and individualized to each patient's specific needs. Complete amenorrhea may be difficult to achieve, and realistic expectations should be addressed with the patient and her caregivers...
August 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
F A Rustamova, V G Mammadov, K M Munir
Azerbaijan is a country in which the law is based on democratic principles. The mentioned principles underlie the national health care law. Democratic values, such as respect for human rights and freedoms, human dignity, as well as universal bioethical principles that are widely implemented in the national law, create conditions for the implementation of the patient's rights. The basic law governing the doctor-patient relationship, Law on Protection of Health of Population in Azerbaijan, reflects the basic patients' rights and obligations of doctors and medical institutions...
2016: Bioetika
Stephen C Craig
Joseph Lovell, trained in medicine at Harvard and in military medicine/surgery by the War of 1812, became the first Surgeon General to sit on the reorganised army staff at the tender age of 29 in 1818. With a keen intellect, medical acumen, and wartime experiences for his tools and a close supporting relationship with Commanding General Jacob Jennings Brown and Secretary of War John C Calhoun (1728-1850), Lovell constructed an efficient and effective organisational and administrative framework for the new Medical Department of the US Army...
August 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
Y Tony Yang, Charles G Kels
As the overall incidence of Alzheimer's disease rises, the burden on caregivers and law enforcement institutions will increase to find individuals who wander. As such, technological innovations that could reduce this burden will become increasingly important. One such innovation is the GPS Shoe. As with any innovation involving the transfer of personal data to third parties, potential pitfalls with respect to loss of privacy and inadequate consent counterbalance the substantial promise of GPS shoes. To some extent, advance planning can mitigate these concerns, wherein individuals willingly elect to be monitored before their impairments progress to a stage that makes such authorization impractical...
August 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Hosein Habibzadeh, Leyla Alilu, Mark Gillespie, Ali Shakibi
BACKGROUND: It is essential to pay attention to and respect the dignity of nurses to maintain them in their profession while they deliver skilled nursing care. Little is known, however, about how a sense of dignity influences the practitioner. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe nurses' experiences of threats to their dignity occurring within clinical settings, which generates an intention to leave clinical practice. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHOD: The study was performed using qualitative content analysis...
June 29, 2016: Nursing Ethics
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