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Dignity respect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339986/the-national-association-of-social-workers-code-of-ethics-and-cultural-competence-what-does-anne-fadiman-s-the-spirit-catches-you-and-you-fall-down-teach-us-today
#1
Haylee Hebenstreit
This article discusses limitations in the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics conceptualization of "cultural competence." It uses the case example presented in Anne Fadiman's classic (2012) work, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures, to explore the conventional markers of cultural competence, as taught in contemporary graduate-level social work education curricula, and their implications for socially just practice...
March 4, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332124/use-of-physical-restraints-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-in-ethiopian-mental-specialized-hospital-outpatient-department-cross-sectional-study
#2
Habte Belete
BACKGROUND: Even though United Nation announced that all persons with a mental illness shall be treated with humanity and respect for the inherent dignity of the human being, up to now, the use of coercion (physical restrain) is still considered as unavoidable in managing abnormal behavior of psychiatric patients. But, there is no information regarding the magnitude and contributing factors of physical restrain among bipolar patients in low-income countries like Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital from May 1 to June 1, 2015 among 400 participants who were selected by systematic random sampling technique...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329207/people-centered-language-recommendations-for-sleep-research-communication
#3
Rebecca Fuoco
The growing embrace of patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) in sleep medicine is a significant step forward for the field. In engaging and incorporating the unique perspectives of people with sleep disorders, PCOR enhances the relevance of findings and facilitates the uptake of research into practice. While centering research design around what matters most to people with sleep disorders is critical, research communication must be similarly people-centered. One approach is using "people-centered language" in both professional and public communications...
March 6, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319151/ethical-problems-in-an-era-where-disasters-have-become-a-part-of-daily-life-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-workers-in-turkey
#4
M Murat Civaner, Kevser Vatansever, Kayihan Pala
BACKGROUND: Natural disasters, armed conflict, migration, and epidemics today occur more frequently, causing more death, displacement of people and economic loss. Their burden on health systems and healthcare workers (HCWs) is getting heavier accordingly. The ethical problems that arise in disaster settings may be different than the ones in daily practice, and can cause preventable harm or the violation of basic human rights. Understanding the types and the determinants of ethical challenges is crucial in order to find the most benevolent action while respecting the dignity of those affected people...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314546/liaison-psychiatry-professionals-views-of-general-hospital-care-for-patients-with-mental-illness-the-care-of-patients-with-mental-illness-in-the-general-hospital-setting
#5
J Noblett, A Caffrey, T Deb, A Khan, E Lagunes-Cordoba, O Gale-Grant, C Henderson
OBJECTIVE: Explore the experiences of liaison psychiatry professionals, to gain a greater understanding of the quality of care patients with mental illness receive in the general hospital setting; the factors that affect the quality of care; and their insights on interventions that could improve care. METHODS: A survey questionnaire and qualitative in depth interviews were used to collect data. Data collection took place at the Royal College of Psychiatrists Faculty of Liaison Psychiatry Annual conference...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299297/patients-dignity-and-its-relationship-with-contextual-variables-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Mohammad Zirak, Mansour Ghafourifard, Ebrahim Aliafsari Mamaghani
Introduction: Dignity is considered as fundamental human needs and recognized as one of the central concepts in nursing science. The aim of this study was to assess the extent to which patients' dignity is respected and to evalutae its relationship with contextual variables. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 256 hospitalized patients in the two teaching hospitals affiliated to Zanjan University of medical sciences, Iran. Data were collected by a questionnaire consist of two sections: (a) demographic characteristics, and (b) patient dignity including 32 questions...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296534/trends-of-do-not-resuscitate-orders-hospice-care-utilization-and-late-referral-to-hospice-care-among-cancer-decedents-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-taiwan-between-2008-and-2014-a-hospital-based-observational-study
#7
Tzu-Chien Shih, Hsiao-Ting Chang, Ming-Hwai Lin, Chun-Ku Chen, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: Out of respect for terminal patients' dignity and to decrease end-of-life suffering, patients in Taiwan can choose to sign do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders and use hospice care when they are in a terminal condition. OBJECTIVES: To explore the trends and characteristics of hospice care utilization and DNR status among terminal cancer patients. Design and Setting/Subjects: A secondary data analysis was conducted to examine the rate of DNR orders, hospice care utilization, the survival time after DNR order, the duration of survival (DOS) after hospice care enrollment, and the rate of late referral to hospice care among patients who died from malignant cancers in a tertiary hospital in Taiwan between 2008 and 2014...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289140/detention-of-immigrant-children
#8
Julie M Linton, Marsha Griffin, Alan J Shapiro
Immigrant children seeking safe haven in the United States, whether arriving unaccompanied or in family units, face a complicated evaluation and legal process from the point of arrival through permanent resettlement in communities. The conditions in which children are detained and the support services that are available to them are of great concern to pediatricians and other advocates for children. In accordance with internationally accepted rights of the child, immigrant and refugee children should be treated with dignity and respect and should not be exposed to conditions that may harm or traumatize them...
March 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279760/paying-respect-to-human-cadavers-we-owe-this-to-the-first-teacher-in-anatomy
#9
Sanjib Kumar Ghosh
Every human cadaver which undergoes anatomical dissection enriches medical science and deserves to be treated with utmost respect. The aim of the present study is to identify the practices followed by medical schools across the globe to ensure that the human cadaver is treated with respect and dignity while it is utilized within the domain of medical education. The article undertakes a review of the literature and takes note of the practice of students taking an oath prior to dissecting cadavers whereby they reflect on their conduct and habits in the dissection room...
March 6, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256478/an-exploratory-study-of-patients-perceptions-of-responsiveness-of-tertiary-health-care-services-in-southeast-nigeria-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#10
M D Ughasoro, O C Okanya, Bsc Uzochukwu, O E Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: The achievement of universal health coverage in Nigeria requires evaluating the extent the expectation of those who have utilized health-care services are met. The study assessed the level of clients' perceived responsiveness of tertiary hospitals in the provision of specialist health-care services in Nigeria. METHODS: A hospital-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among adult patients and caregivers of children on admission in three tertiary health facilities in Southeast Nigeria...
March 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252904/-the-person-inside-the-patient-a-qualitative-research-on-the-dignity-of-people-assisted-in-hospital
#11
Sara Giorgi, Sara Bonfandini, Silvia Rossini
AIM: the dignity of the patient and the respect shown toward him are essential aspects of the nursing profession. Developing a qualified competence is possible only if healthcare professionals feel thoughtfully involved in their role. The purpose of this study is to understand, through actual patients' experiences of hospitalization, which are the key factors affecting patients dignity in order to recognize how to provide sensitive care. METHOD: The survey was conducted in Valcamonica's hospital, on a sample of 20 patients hospitalized here in August 2015, all corresponding to predefined inclusion criteria...
October 2016: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231439/the-rights-of-drug-treatment-patients-experience-of-addiction-treatment-in-poland-from-a-human-rights-perspective
#12
Justyna Klingemann
BACKGROUND: Drug dependence is a recognized medical condition and therefore, right to health applies in the same way to drug dependence as it does to any other health condition. The human rights in patient care framework - which refers to the application of basic human rights principles in the delivery of health care services - was used to explore the experiences of equality in the dignity and rights protected by Polish law within four different specialist drug treatment settings in Poland...
February 20, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230575/patients-and-care-partners-perspectives-on-dignity-and-respect-during-acute-care-hospitalization
#13
Priscilla K Gazarian, Constance R C Morrison, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann, Orly Tamir, David W Bates, Ronen Rozenblum
BACKGROUND: Delivering patient-centered care (PCC) is essential to our healthcare system. Patient dignity and respect are foundational elements of PCC. Understanding patients' and their care partner's perspectives on the meaning of dignity and respect within a clinical care environment is critical to achieving our goal of PCC. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to understand how patients and their care partners define, describe, and experience dignity and respect during hospitalization...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216768/competence-to-stand-trial-an-overview
#14
REVIEW
Steven K Hoge
The legal concept of competence to stand trial has ancient roots. The history of this legal construct in Anglo-Saxon law will be reviewed. A competent defendant is a requirement of the criminal justice system because it reflects interests related to the dignity of the process, the accuracy of adjudication, and respect for the autonomy of defendants. In the United States, legal decisions have established the contours of the requirements related to competent participation in adjudication. Forensic psychiatrists have operationalized the requirements for assessment purposes...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211805/diagnostic-accuracy-and-interobserver-variability-of-dynamic-vascular-pattern-dvp-in-primary-liver-malignancies-a-simple-semiquantitative-tool-for-the-analysis-of-contrast-enhancement-patterns
#15
B Schellhaas, M J Waldner, R S GÖrtz, F Vitali, Ch Kielisch, L Pfeifer, D Strobel, R Janka, M F Neurath, D Wildner
BACKGROUND: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a valuable tool in the diagnostic approach of focal liver lesions, but occasionally subjective and observer-dependent. Semiquantitative evaluation of dynamic CEUS (DCEUS) with standardised software programmes such as Dynamic Vascular Pattern (DVP) could help to improve diagnostic accuracy and objectivity in liver tumour assessment. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed at evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of DVP in a clinical setting...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210521/the-right-to-die-in-chronic-disorders-of-consciousness-can-we-avoid-the-slippery-slope-argument
#16
REVIEW
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro, Rosaria De Luca, Margherita Russo, Lory Caccamo, Alfredo Manuli, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti
Managing individuals with chronic disorders of consciousness raises ethical questions about the appropriateness of maintaining life-sustaining treatments and end-of-life decisions for those who are unable to make decisions for themselves. For many years, the positions fostering the "sanctity" of human life (i.e., life is inviolable in any case) have led to maintaining life-sustaining treatments (including artificial nutrition and hydration) in patients with disorders of consciousness, allowing them to live for as long as possible...
November 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196454/quality-of-life-and-ethics
#17
Laís Fumincelli, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes
BACKGROUND: In health, ethics is an essential aspect of practice and care and guarantees a better quality of life for patients and their caregivers. OBJECTIVE: To outline a conceptual analysis of quality of life and ethics, identifying attributes, contexts and magnitudes for health. METHOD: A qualitative design about quality of life and ethics in health, considering the evolutionary approach in order to analyse the concept. To collect the data, a search was done using the keywords ethic*, quality of life and health...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192554/using-patient-centered-care-after-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-trisomy-18-or-trisomy-13-a-review
#18
Shelly Haug, Mitchell Goldstein, Denise Cummins, Elba Fayard, T Allen Merritt
Importance: Patient-centered care (PCC) has been advocated by the Institute of Medicine to improve health care in the United States. Four concepts of PCC align with clinical ethics principles and are associated with enhanced patient/parent satisfaction. These concepts are dignity and respect, information sharing, participation, and collaboration. The objective of this article is to use the PCC approach as a framework for an extensive literature review evaluating the current status of counseling regarding prenatal diagnosis of trisomy 18 (T18) or trisomy 13 (T13) and to advocate PCC in the care of these infants...
February 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190696/ethical-issues-in-research
#19
REVIEW
Raul Artal, Sheldon Rubenfeld
Biomedical research is currently guided by ethical standards that have evolved over many centuries. Historical and political events, social and legal considerations, and continuous medical and technological advances have led to the prevailing research ethics and practice. Currently, patients and research subjects have complete autonomy while under medical care or when volunteering as research subjects. Enrolling volunteers in human subjects research includes a detailed and meaningful informed consent process that follows the cardinal principles of ethics: autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice...
January 23, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182266/words-matter-restoring-respect-and-dignity-when-referring-to-individuals-with-cancer
#20
Lee M Ellis, Charles D Blanke, Elise C Kohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Cancer
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