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Hypothyroidism 2016

Shatha A Al Shanqeeti, Yasser N Alkhudairy, Alwaleed A Alabdulwahed, Anwar E Ahmed, Maysoon S Al-Adham, Naveed M Mahmood
To estimate the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) in Saudi Arabia and assess the need for an SCH screening program. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City and the Khashmulaan Clinic at the National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in August 2016. All women attending the antenatal clinics were  invited to participate in the study. In addition, data were retrieved from the files of pregnant women who had been screened for hypothyroidism from January 2016 to August 2016...
March 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Bharti Kalra, Meenu Choudhary, Meenakshi Thakral, Sanjay Kalra
Background: Hypothyroidism is common in pregnancy. No study has determined the prevalence of hypothyroidism in term pregnancies in India. Aim: This study aims to determine the prevalence and correlates of hypothyroidism in women who delivered at a center in Karnal, Haryana, North India. Results: Indoor records of all women who had delivered at this centre from April 2016 to March 2017 were reviewed. The prevalence of hypothyroidism was 12...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Kirit Arumalla, Vitish Singla, Sandeep Aggarwal, Harshit Garg, Ritesh Goel, Varidh Katiyar
Introduction: There is a worldwide increase in the prevalence of obesity among the adolescent population in India from 16.3% in 2001 to 19.3% in 2010. Recent evidence suggests that bariatric surgery leads to resolution of comorbidities and associated long-term complications in adolescent patients with morbid obesity. Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the impact of bariatric surgery on the weight loss and comorbidities of morbidly obese adolescents. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of the data of 10 adolescent patients, who underwent Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy at our institute (tertiary care hospital), from July 2009 to July 2016 was carried out...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Rosie Dew, Kathryn King, Onyebuchi E Okosieme, Simon H Pearce, Gemma Donovan, Peter N Taylor, Janis Hickey, Colin M Dayan, Graham Leese, Salman Razvi, Scott Wilkes
OBJECTIVE: To explore the attitudes and perceptions of health professionals towards management of hypothyroidism that contributes to the suboptimal treatment of hypothyroidism in general practice. DESIGN: A qualitative interview study using semistructured interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen participants were interviewed between March and August 2016 comprising nine general practitioners (GPs), four pharmacists, two practice nurses and one nurse practitioner...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Open
Yoshio Kiyohara, Hisashi Uhara, Yoshihiko Ito, Noritake Matsumoto, Tetsuya Tsuchida, Naoya Yamazaki
A postmarketing surveillance study is ongoing to evaluate nivolumab treatment for Japanese patients with malignant melanoma and accumulate data on all adverse events (AE) and efficacy. In this interim analysis, we evaluated data from approximately 100 Japanese medical institutions obtained from the nivolumab approval date in Japan (4 July 2014) through 3 July 2016. Patients were monitored during the first 12 months of treatment. Nivolumab was administrated by i.v. infusion (2 mg/kg every 3 weeks). A total of 680 and 610 patients were evaluated for safety and efficacy, respectively...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
Rasha Eletreby, Mohamed Said, Zeinab Abdellatif, Yasmin Saad, Magdy ElSerafy, Hosam Dabes, Kadry ElSaeed, Yehia El-Shazly, Wahid Doss
BACKGROUND: HCV is associated with several extra hepatic diseases including thyroid dysfunction. This study aims at evaluating prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and its possible predictors in a large cohort of HCV GT4-infected patients, and the role of thyroid dysfunction as a predictor of response in the setting of direct acting antivirals (DAAs). METHODS: Patients registered on the web-based registry system to receive therapy for chronic HCV in Beheira governorate viral hepatitis specialized treatment center affiliated to the National committee for control of viral hepatitis (NCCVH), Ministry of health, Egypt in the period from January 2015 to October 2016...
February 14, 2018: Hepatology International
Guilherme Rabinowits, Cecilia Lezcano, Paul J Catalano, Patricia McHugh, Hailey Becker, Megan M Reilly, Julian Huang, Ayushi Tyagi, Manisha Thakuria, Scott C Bresler, Lynette M Sholl, Geoffrey I Shapiro, Robert Haddad, James A DeCaprio
BACKGROUND: This study sought to determine the efficacy and safety profile of cabozantinib in patients with advanced Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: This prospective, phase II, single-institution trial enrolled patients with platinum-failure, recurrent/metastatic MCC to receive cabozantinib 60 mg orally daily until disease progression, withdrawal from study, or severe toxicity. The primary endpoint was disease control rate. Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and toxicity...
February 14, 2018: Oncologist
Saumya Sara Sunny, Julie Hephzibah, David Mathew, Joseph Dian Bondu, Nylla Shanthly, Regi Oommen
Serum thyroglobulin (Tg) and thyroid whole-body radioiodine scintigraphy (TWBS) are used in the follow-up of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) after total thyroidectomy. Symptoms of hypothyroidism are frequent as patients discontinue levothyroxine 1 month before visit, favoring the use of unstimulated serum Tg (uSTg) only. This study was done to determine the reliability of stimulated serum Tg levels (sSTg) over uSTg. A total of 650 patients with PTC came for follow-up between June 2011 and 2016...
January 2018: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Eliot Gómez López, Ana P Nso-Roca, Mercedes Juste Ruiz, Ernesto Cortés Castell
Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most common cause of goiter and hypothyroidism among children and adolescents. Its clinical manifestations and course vary. The objective of this study was to review the clinical and evolutionary characteristics of Hashimoto's disease in the pediatric population. Clinical, analytical, ultrasound, epidemiological, and evolutionary data of patients with autoimmune thyroiditis seen at Hospital Universitario San Juan de Alicante between January 2010 and January 2016 were analyzed...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
John W Blackett, Meghana Shamsunder, Norelle R Reilly, Peter H R Green, Benjamin Lebwohl
OBJECTIVES: Despite the increasing popularity of gluten-free diet (GFD), the demographic characteristics and medical features of patients without celiac disease on this diet have not been extensively investigated.We aimed to characterize the medical conditions and demographic backgrounds of hospitalized patients without celiac disease who adhere to a GFD, to further understand their reasons for gluten avoidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study on all inpatients at Columbia University Medical Center on a GFD in 2011-2016, excluding those with celiac disease, compared with age-matched and sex-matched inpatients on a regular diet...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Hye Jin Lee, Hyeoh Won Yu, Gi Beom Kim, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang, Young Ah Lee
PURPOSE: We investigated the clinical course of infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) who experienced thyroid dysfunction within 100 days of birth. METHODS: We performed retrospective medical reviews of 54 CHD patients (24 male patients) who underwent a thyroid function test (TFT) between January 2007 and July 2016. Data were collected on birth history, diagnosis of CHD, underlying chromosomal or genetic abnormalities, medication history, surgery, ventilator care, and exposure to iodine contrast media (ICM)...
December 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
Fatimah Fahad Altaleb, Othman Mashfi Alshammari, Hala Mohammed Alanazi, Dina Anwar Aljaber, Arwa Bader Alanazi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Nesreen Ali Mohammed, Hadil Anwar Aljaber
Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are among the main causes of premature death and hospital admission worldwide, constituting a great economic burden on health care systems. Additionally, thyroid diseases may exert a deleterious effect on the outcomes of CVD patients. Aim: This study was conducted to identify the pattern and factors associated with CVD distribution and the relation with thyroid dysfunction in the study population. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 181 participants in the cardiac center in Arar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), from September 2016 to March 2017...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
Huda A Osman, Nasir A M Al-Jurayyan, Amir M I Babiker, Hessah M N Al-Otaibi, Reem D H AlKhalifah, Sharifah D A Al Issa, Sarar Mohamed
Precocious puberty is a developmental process that gives rise to secondary sexual characteristics before the age of 8 years in girls and 9 years in boys. In general, precocious puberty can be classified as central or peripheral. This is a retrospective hospital-based study was conducted at King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the period January 1990 and December 2016. Data were abstracted from the medical records of patients diagnosed with precocious puberty, with special emphasis on age, sex, clinical characteristics, and relevant hormonal assay...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Pål Jørgensen, Arnulf Langhammer, Steinar Krokstad, Siri Forsmo
BACKGROUND: Suggested strategies in reducing the impact of non-communicable diseases (NCD) are early diagnosing and screening. We have limited proof of benefit of population screening for NCD. Increased mortality in persons with diagnosed NCD has been shown for decades. However, mortality in undetected NCD has barely been studied. This paper explores whether all-cause mortality differed between persons with diagnosed hypothyroidism, type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and hypertension, compared with persons with undetected-, and with persons without the corresponding disease...
December 7, 2017: BMC Family Practice
Ladan Mehran, Davood Khalili, Shahin Yarahmadi, Atieh Amouzegar, Mehdi Mojarrad, Nasrin Ajang, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: Neonatal mass screening program for congenital hypothyroidism provides the best tool for prevention of its devastating effects on mental development. Despite the overall success of the screening programs in detecting congenital hypothyroidism and eliminating its sequelae and new developments made in the program design, high recall rate and false positive results impose a great challenge worldwide. Lower recall rate and false positive results may properly organize project expenses by reducing the unnecessary repeated laboratory tests, increase physicians and parents' assurance and cooperation, as well as reduce the psychological effects in families...
July 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Alon Grossman, Ilan Feldhamer, Joseph Meyerovitch
INTRODUCTION: It is uncertain whether subclinical hypothyroidism should be treated with levothyroxine, particularly in the elderly. This study evaluated the association between levothyroxine treatment and mortality in individuals 65years or older with subclinical hypothyroidism and TSH values <10mIU/L. METHODS: A case-control study in which patients 65years or older with TSH levels of 4.2-10mIU/L who died in the years 2012-2016 ('cases') were compared with matched individuals who did not die during this period ('controls')...
November 22, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Dan Li, Jin Li, Chunlei Li, Qianming Chen, Hong Hua
Background: The objective of this study was to systemically evaluate the association between oral lichen planus (OLP) and thyroid disease. Method: Eleven electronic databases were searched for any clinical study published up until August 2016 that explored an association between OLP and thyroid disease, complemented with manual searching. The titles and abstracts of all studies identified from the electronic searches were then assessed independently to determine inclusion of the study...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
A Ortega Carpio, I Vázquez Rico, M A Castaño López, L Duarte González, M Montilla Álvaro, A Ruiz Reina
OBJECTIVE: The correct diagnosis of hypothyroidism during pregnancy requires knowledge of the local trimester-specific thyrotropin (TSH) reference ranges. When these are not available, the guidelines recommend upper limits of 2.5, 3.0, and 3.0μU/ml for the 1(st), 2(nd), and 3(rd) trimesters, respectively. The aim is to establish the reference range for our local population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based observational study was performed on healthy pregnant women from 11 healthcare centres in the province of Huelva...
November 18, 2017: Semergen
Yazed Sulaiman Al-Ruthia, Bander Balkhi, Sultan AlGhadeer, Wael Mansy, Hisham AlSanawi, Reem AlGasem, Lama AlMutairi, Ibrahim Sales
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) puts patients at higher risk for obesity and diabetes. Poor health literacy is also associated with these conditions. Notably, weight loss is associated with improved ovulation and pregnancy rates for women with PCOS. In this study the association between health literacy and body mass index (BMI) among women with PCOS was examined. Methods: The health literacy of women with PCOS was measured using the Arabic version of the single item literacy screener (SILS) at a university medical center...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Aalap C Shah, William C K Ng, Sean Sinnott, Joseph P Cravero
PURPOSE: There are no data on the prevalence and predictors of difficult intubation (DI) in pediatric patients with thyroid disease. This study (1) assesses the prevalence of DI in patients with thyroid disease undergoing elective operations, (2) identifies other predictors of DI in children, and (3) evaluates the effect of DI on postoperative care and length-of-stay. METHODS: A single-center retrospective cohort analysis of procedures in patients assigned with an ICD-9 code for thyroid disease between June 2012 and February 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
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