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Mary E Klingensmith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Yuval Hart, Efrat Czerniak, Orit Karnieli-Miller, Avraham E Mayo, Amitai Ziv, Anat Biegon, Atay Citron, Uri Alon
Non-verbal communication plays a significant role in establishing good rapport between physicians and patients and may influence aspects of patient health outcomes. It is therefore important to analyze non-verbal communication in medical settings. Current approaches to measure non-verbal interactions in medicine employ coding by human raters. Such tools are labor intensive and hence limit the scale of possible studies. Here, we present an automated video analysis tool for non-verbal interactions in a medical setting...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
G McClelland, M B Smith
This article has summarised a critical discussion of the human factors that contributed to the death of a patient from a failure to respond appropriately to a 'can't intubate, can't ventilate' scenario. The contributory factors included the clinical team's inability to communicate, prioritise tasks and demonstrate effective leadership and assertive followership. The film Just a routine operation has now been in circulation for several years. When a system is designed and introduced with the intention of making a change to clinical practice, it can quickly become just another component of an organisation's architecture and complacency around its use can develop...
May 2016: Journal of Perioperative Practice
Xiao Wang, Jian Peng
Benevolent leadership, a traditional Chinese leadership style generated under the influence of Confucianism, has been under growing discussion since its proposal. However, existing research has focused mainly on the consequences of benevolent leadership, and research probing into its antecedents is scarce. To fill such research gap, the current study aims to explore the effect of the congruence between implicit positive followership prototype (PFP) and explicit positive followership trait (PFT) on benevolent leadership...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
John B Hertig, Kyle E Hultgren, Robert J Weber
The discipline of studying medication errors and implementing medication safety programs in hospitals dates to the 1970s. These initial programs to prevent errors focused only on pharmacy operation changes - and not the broad medication use system. In the late 1990s, research showed that faulty systems, and not faulty people, are responsible for errors and require a multidisciplinary approach. The 2013 ASHP Statement on the Role of the Medication Safety Leader recommended that medication safety leaders be integrated team members rather than a single point of contact...
April 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
Christopher M Petrilli, John Del Valle, Vineet Chopra
Each July, new graduates from premedical, medical, and residency programs, along with junior and midcareer faculty, acclimatize to their changing roles. During this month, overall efficiency, quality, and patient safety may suffer, a problem dubbed the "July effect." The many transitions that occur in teaching hospitals during July are often implicated as the root cause of this problem. The question, then, of how best to improve the team-based clinical care provided in July remains important. In this Commentary, the authors outline a model that combines the team-based care paradigm with effective leadership, followership, and communication-based strategies and propose some actionable steps...
July 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Linda Q Everett
In this article, there is a discussion focused on three contemporary nursing topics: leadership, followership, and academic-practice partnerships. These comments are framed within the context of the current healthcare system transformation. There is a focus on why each of these topics is relevant to the nursing profession in leading change and advancing health. Finally, there is a description about the interdependence of leadership and followership and the significance these hold for the interdependence between nursing education and nursing practice...
April 2016: Nursing Science Quarterly
M Todd Greene, Sanjay Saint
Infection prevention practices vary across U.S. hospitals. Although the importance of leadership in infection prevention has been described, little is known about how followership influences such efforts. Our national survey found that hospitals with truly exemplary followers in infection control roles may be more likely to use recommended prevention practices.
March 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Lisi J Gordon, Charlotte E Rees, Jean S Ker, Jennifer Cleland
OBJECTIVES: To explore medical trainees' experiences of leadership and followership in the interprofessional healthcare workplace. DESIGN: A qualitative approach using narrative interviewing techniques in 11 group and 19 individual interviews with UK medical trainees. SETTING: Multisite study across four UK health boards. PARTICIPANTS: Through maximum variation sampling, 65 medical trainees were recruited from a range of specialties and at various stages of training...
2015: BMJ Open
Lisi J Gordon, Charlotte E Rees, Jean S Ker, Jennifer Cleland
CONTEXT: As doctors in all specialties are expected to undertake leadership within health care organisations, leadership development has become an inherent part of medical education. Whereas the leadership literature within medical education remains mostly focused on individual, hierarchical leadership, contemporary theory posits leadership as a group process, which should be distributed across all levels of health care organisation. This gap between theory and practice indicates that there is a need to understand what leadership and followership mean to medical trainees working in today's interprofessional health care workplace...
December 2015: Medical Education
Gary L Sculli, Amanda M Fore, David M Sine, Douglas E Paull, Dana Tschannen, Michelle Aebersold, F Jacob Seagull, James P Bagian
In healthcare, the sustained presence of hierarchy between team members has been cited as a common contributor to communication breakdowns. Hierarchy serves to accentuate either actual or perceived chains of command, which may result in team members failing to challenge decisions made by leaders, despite concerns about adverse patient outcomes. While other tools suggest improved communication, none focus specifically on communication skills for team followers, nor do they provide techniques to immediately challenge authority and escalate assertiveness at a given moment in real time...
2015: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
Daniel M Romero, Roderick I Swaab, Brian Uzzi, Adam D Galinsky
The current research used the contexts of U.S. presidential debates and negotiations to examine whether matching the linguistic style of an opponent in a two-party exchange affects the reactions of third-party observers. Building off communication accommodation theory (CAT), interaction alignment theory (IAT), and processing fluency, we propose that language style matching (LSM) will improve subsequent third-party evaluations because matching an opponent's linguistic style reflects greater perspective taking and will make one's arguments easier to process...
October 2015: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Stephen D Reicher, S Alexander Haslam, Joanne R Smith
The behavior of participants within Milgram's obedience paradigm is commonly understood to arise from the propensity to cede responsibility to those in authority and hence to obey them. This parallels a belief that brutality in general arises from passive conformity to roles. However, recent historical and social psychological research suggests that agents of tyranny actively identify with their leaders and are motivated to display creative followership in working toward goals that they believe those leaders wish to see fulfilled...
July 2012: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
Hester Mannion, Judy McKimm, Helen O'Sullivan
This article explores how the concepts of followership, social identity and social influence help clinical leaders and followers better understand how leadership processes function within and between individuals, teams and complex organizations.
May 2015: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Angela L Carman
Local health department directors' intent on getting their organizations ready for accreditation must embrace the blurring of leader/follower lines and create an accreditation readiness team fueled not by traditional leader or follower roles but by teamship.
2015: Frontiers in Public Health
Mary Rocheleau, Rajani Shankar Sadasivam, Kate Baquis, Hannah Stahl, Rebecca L Kinney, Sherry L Pagoto, Thomas K Houston
BACKGROUND: Smoking continues to be the number one preventable cause of premature death in the United States. While evidence for the effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions has increased rapidly, questions remain on how to effectively disseminate these findings. Twitter, the second largest online social network, provides a natural way of disseminating information. Health communicators can use Twitter to inform smokers, provide social support, and attract them to other interventions...
2015: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Dirk Lindebaum, Peter J Jordan
Within the field of Management and Organizational Studies, we have noted a tendency for researchers to explore symmetrical relationships between so-called positive discrete emotions or emotion-infused concepts and positive outcomes, and negative emotions or emotion-infused concepts and negative outcomes, respectively. In this Special Issue, we seek to problematize this assumption (without aiming to entirely discard it) by creating space for researchers to study what we term asymmetrical relationships. In particular, we explore the topic of when it can be good to feel bad and bad to feel good...
September 2014: Human Relations; Studies Towards the Integration of the Social Sciences
Maureen Coombs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Nursing in Critical Care
S Alexander Haslam, Stephen D Reicher, Kathryn Millard, Rachel McDonald
This study examines the reactions of participants in Milgram's 'Obedience to Authority' studies to reorient both theoretical and ethical debate. Previous discussion of these reactions has focused on whether or not participants were distressed. We provide evidence that the most salient feature of participants' responses - and the feature most needing explanation - is not their lack of distress but their happiness at having participated. Drawing on material in Box 44 of Yale's Milgram archive we argue that this was a product of the experimenter's ability to convince participants that they were contributing to a progressive enterprise...
March 2015: British Journal of Social Psychology
Juanita Crawford, Michael K Daniels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Nursing Management
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