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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468707/a-truth-that-does-not-always-speak-its-name-how-hollander-and-turowetz-s-findings-confirm-and-extend-the-engaged-followership-analysis-of-harm-doing-in-the-milgram-paradigm
#1
S Alexander Haslam, Stephen D Reicher
Hollander and Turowetz (2017, Br. J. Soc. Psychol., 56, 655-674) present important data from post-experimental interviews with participants in Milgram's 'obedience' research. In these, participants responded to various questions about their perceptions of the study and their behaviour by indicating that they trusted the Experimenter not to let them inflict serious harm. Relatively few participants indicated that they acted as they did because they were committed to the Experimenter or to science. We argue, however, that there are two key reasons why this evidence is not inconsistent with claims that harm-doing is a product of engaged followership...
February 21, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445011/understanding-veterinary-leadership-in-practice
#2
Caroline Elizabeth Pearson, Allan J Butler, Yaqub Paul Murray
The Vet Futures Report has identified 'exceptional leadership' as a key ambition for the long-term sustainability of the industry. This research investigates what it is like to be a veterinary surgeon in an in-practice leadership position, applying the qualitative methodology of interpretative phenomenological analysis. Through the researchers' interpretation of the seven participants' stories of their leadership experiences, the study advances understanding of the work environment, underlying motivations and the perceived responsibilities of veterinary leaders...
February 14, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287747/teaching-nurses-teamwork-integrative-review-of-competency-based-team-training-in-nursing-education
#3
REVIEW
Glenn Barton, Anne Bruce, Rita Schreiber
Widespread demands for high reliability healthcare teamwork have given rise to many educational initiatives aimed at building team competence. Most effort has focused on interprofessional team training however; Registered Nursing teams comprise the largest human resource delivering direct patient care in hospitals. Nurses also influence many other health team outcomes, yet little is known about the team training curricula they receive, and furthermore what specific factors help translate teamwork competency to nursing practice...
December 20, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210849/inspiring-followership
#4
Victoria Ann Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109413/plasticity-in-leader-follower-roles-in-human-teams
#5
Shinnosuke Nakayama, Manuel Ruiz Marín, Maximo Camacho, Maurizio Porfiri
In humans, emergence of leaders and followers is key to group performance, but little is known about the whys and hows of leadership. A particularly elusive question entails behavioral plasticity in leadership across social contexts. Addressing this question requires to eliminate social feedback between focal individuals and their partners in experiments that could illuminate the spontaneous emergence of social roles. We investigated plasticity in leader-follower roles in cooperation, where members choose the task toward a shared goal, and coordination, where members adjust their actions in real time based on social responsiveness...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083461/development-of-a-virtual-crew-resource-management-training-program-to-improve-communication
#6
Dana Tschannen
Crew Resource Management (CRM), a method focused on the management of human error and risk reduction, has shown promise in reducing communication failure in health care. The purpose of this project was to develop a virtual training program in CRM principles of effective leadership and followership, and evaluate the applicability to nurses working in the hospital setting. The intervention included the development of a virtual CRM training program consisting of a self-learning module and virtual simulation. Beta testing of the module was conducted by six nurses, followed by an evaluation of the training program by nurses (n = 5) in a general medicine department...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073824/twelve-tips-for-integrating-leadership-development-into-undergraduate-medical-education
#7
Alex Till, Judy McKimm, Tim Swanwick
Healthcare systems need effective leadership. All healthcare professionals can and should "learn to lead" and this requires a clear focus on leadership development from the earliest stages of a career. Within medicine, undergraduate students should be provided with opportunities to thrive and develop their skills in terms of leadership, management and followership. Drawing from the existing evidence base, the authors' expertise and the latest "thought leadership", these 12 tips provide practical guidance to universities and associated provider organizations, and to academic and clinical faculty, on how to integrate leadership development into their undergraduate medical programs...
October 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982186/relationships-between-followers-behaviors-and-job-satisfaction-in-a-sample-of-nurses
#8
Paola Gatti, Chiara Ghislieri, Claudio G Cortese
The study investigated two followership behaviors, followers' active engagement and followers' independent critical thinking, and their relationship with job satisfaction in a sample of nurses. In addition, the study also considered a number of control variables and classical job demands and job resources-workload and emotional dissonance for job demands, and meaningful work for job resources-which have an impact on well-being at work. A paper-and-pencil questionnaire was administered to 425 nurses in an Italian hospital, and a hierarchical multiple regression was used to test the hypotheses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914628/wanted-effective-followers-in-surgery
#9
Juan C Cendán, Judith S Simms-Cendán
This SURGICAL PERSPECTIVE paper brings to our readers the general topic of "followership." Leadership has received a lot of attention in the administrative education domain; however, there is a history of academic research on the role and importance of the effective follower. We review some of the critical articles in this field, and present a possible approach for incorporating the notion of effective followership in a surgical context.
September 13, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906416/in-favor-of-followership
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653413/normalizing-trust-participants-immediately-post-hoc-explanations-of-behaviour-in-milgram-s-obedience-experiments
#11
Matthew M Hollander, Jason Turowetz
We bring an ethnomethodological perspective on language and discourse to a data source crucial for explaining behaviour in social psychologist Stanley Milgram's classic 'obedience' experiments - yet one largely overlooked by the Milgram literature. In hundreds of interviews conducted immediately after each experiment, participants sought to justify their actions, often doing so by normalizing the situation as benign, albeit uncomfortable. Examining 91 archived recordings of these interviews from several experimental conditions, we find four recurrent accounts for continuation, each used more frequently by 'obedient' than 'defiant' participants...
June 26, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527610/multidisciplinary-delphi-development-of-a-scale-to-evaluate-team-function-in-obstetric-emergencies-the-petra-scale
#12
Mrinalini Balki, David Hoppe, David Monks, Mary Ellen Cooke, Lynn Sharples, Rory Windrim
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a new interdisciplinary teamwork scale, the Perinatal Emergency: Team Response Assessment (PETRA), for the management of obstetric crises, through consensus agreement of obstetric caregivers. METHODS: This prospective study was performed using expert consensus, based on a Delphi method. The study investigators developed a new PETRA tool, specifically related to obstetric crisis management, based on the existing literature and discussions among themselves...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463042/defining-components-of-team-leadership-and-membership-in-prehospital-emergency-medical-services
#13
Remle P Crowe, Robert L Wagoner, Severo A Rodriguez, Melissa A Bentley, David Page
BACKGROUND: Teamwork is critical for patient and provider safety in high-stakes environments, including the setting of prehospital emergency medical services (EMS). OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the components of team leadership and team membership on a single patient call where multiple EMS providers are present. METHODS: We conducted a two-day focus group with nine subject matter experts in crew resource management (CRM) and EMS using a structured nominal group technique (NGT)...
September 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751527/leadership-and-followership-in-surgical-education
#14
Mary E Klingensmith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602002/automated-video-analysis-of-non-verbal-communication-in-a-medical-setting
#15
Yuval Hart, Efrat Czerniak, Orit Karnieli-Miller, Avraham E Mayo, Amitai Ziv, Anat Biegon, Atay Citron, Uri Alon
Non-verbal communication plays a significant role in establishing good rapport between physicians and patients and may influence aspects of patient health outcomes. It is therefore important to analyze non-verbal communication in medical settings. Current approaches to measure non-verbal interactions in medicine employ coding by human raters. Such tools are labor intensive and hence limit the scale of possible studies. Here, we present an automated video analysis tool for non-verbal interactions in a medical setting...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400489/just-a-routine-operation-a-critical-discussion
#16
G McClelland, M B Smith
This article has summarised a critical discussion of the human factors that contributed to the death of a patient from a failure to respond appropriately to a 'can't intubate, can't ventilate' scenario. The contributory factors included the clinical team's inability to communicate, prioritise tasks and demonstrate effective leadership and assertive followership. The film Just a routine operation has now been in circulation for several years. When a system is designed and introduced with the intention of making a change to clinical practice, it can quickly become just another component of an organisation's architecture and complacency around its use can develop...
May 2016: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375514/the-effect-of-implicit-explicit-followership-congruence-on-benevolent-leadership-evidence-from-chinese-family-firms
#17
Xiao Wang, Jian Peng
Benevolent leadership, a traditional Chinese leadership style generated under the influence of Confucianism, has been under growing discussion since its proposal. However, existing research has focused mainly on the consequences of benevolent leadership, and research probing into its antecedents is scarce. To fill such research gap, the current study aims to explore the effect of the congruence between implicit positive followership prototype (PFP) and explicit positive followership trait (PFT) on benevolent leadership...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303083/using-contemporary-leadership-skills-in-medication-safety-programs
#18
John B Hertig, Kyle E Hultgren, Robert J Weber
The discipline of studying medication errors and implementing medication safety programs in hospitals dates to the 1970s. These initial programs to prevent errors focused only on pharmacy operation changes - and not the broad medication use system. In the late 1990s, research showed that faulty systems, and not faulty people, are responsible for errors and require a multidisciplinary approach. The 2013 ASHP Statement on the Role of the Medication Safety Leader recommended that medication safety leaders be integrated team members rather than a single point of contact...
April 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119323/why-july-matters
#19
Christopher M Petrilli, John Del Valle, Vineet Chopra
Each July, new graduates from premedical, medical, and residency programs, along with junior and midcareer faculty, acclimatize to their changing roles. During this month, overall efficiency, quality, and patient safety may suffer, a problem dubbed the "July effect." The many transitions that occur in teaching hospitals during July are often implicated as the root cause of this problem. The question, then, of how best to improve the team-based clinical care provided in July remains important. In this Commentary, the authors outline a model that combines the team-based care paradigm with effective leadership, followership, and communication-based strategies and propose some actionable steps...
July 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26980899/academic-practice-partnerships-the-interdependence-between-leadership-and-followership
#20
Linda Q Everett
In this article, there is a discussion focused on three contemporary nursing topics: leadership, followership, and academic-practice partnerships. These comments are framed within the context of the current healthcare system transformation. There is a focus on why each of these topics is relevant to the nursing profession in leading change and advancing health. Finally, there is a description about the interdependence of leadership and followership and the significance these hold for the interdependence between nursing education and nursing practice...
April 2016: Nursing Science Quarterly
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