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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914334/merchant-attitudes-toward-a-healthy-food-retailer-incentive-program-in-a-low-income-san-francisco-neighborhood
#1
Patricia A McDaniel, Meredith Minkler, Lisa Juachon, Ryan Thayer, Jessica Estrada, Jennifer Falbe
In low-income urban communities across the United States and globally, small stores frequently offer processed foods, sodas, alcohol, and tobacco but little access to healthy products. To help address this problem, the city of San Francisco created a healthy food retailer incentive program. Its success depends, in part, on retailers' willingness to participate. Through in-person interviews, we explored attitudes toward the program among store owners or managers of 17 nonparticipating stores. Eleven merchants were uninterested in the program due to negative past experiences trying to sell healthier products, perceived lack of customer demand, and fears that meeting program requirements could hurt profits...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864204/negative-substance-use-consequences-associated-with-noncondom-use-among-male-but-not-female-alternative-high-school-students
#2
Timothy J Grigsby, Myriam Forster, Jennifer Tsai, Louise A Rohrbach, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND: Alternative (or continuation) high schools are institutions designed for students at risk for not graduating due to behavioral, educational, or medical problems. The present study explored the relationship between negative substance use consequences (eg, having trouble at school or work) and noncondom use in this at-risk population and whether these associations varied by sex. METHODS: Participants (N = 1101; 62.9% Hispanic; Mage = 16.85) were sampled from 24 alternative high schools in California, and data were analyzed using cross-sectional multivariate logistic regression models...
July 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788761/prevalence-of-gambling-related-harm-provides-evidence-for-the-prevention-paradox
#3
Matthew Browne, Matthew J Rockloff
Background The prevention paradox (PP) describes a situation in which a greater number of cases of a disease-state come from low-risk members of a population, because they are more prevalent than high-risk members. Past research has provided only tangential and disputed evidence to support the application of the PP to gambling-related harm. Aims To assess whether the PP applies to gambling, the prevalence of a large set (72) of diverse harmful consequences from gambling was examined across four risk categories for problem gambling, including no-risk, low-risk, moderate-risk, and problem-gambling...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775872/adolescents-motives-for-selling-sex-in-a-welfare-state-a-swedish-national-study
#4
Cecilia Fredlund, Örjan Dahlström, Carl Göran Svedin, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson, Gisela Priebe
In addition to money or other compensation, other motives for selling sex may be important in a welfare country such as Sweden. The aim of this study was to carry out an exploratory investigation of adolescents' motives for selling sex in a population-based survey in Sweden. A total of 5839 adolescents from the third year of Swedish high school, mean age 18.0 years, participated in the study. The response rate was 59.7% and 51 students (0.9%) reported having sold sex. Exploratory factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were used to identify groups of adolescents according to underlying motives for selling sex...
May 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710716/brain-inflammation-connects-cognitive-and-non-cognitive-symptoms-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
M Clara Selles, Mauricio M Oliveira, Sergio T Ferreira
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the main form of dementia in the elderly and affects greater than 47 million people worldwide. Care for AD patients poses very significant personal and economic demands on individuals and society, and the situation is expected to get even more dramatic in the coming decades unless effective treatments are found to halt the progression of the disease. Although AD is most commonly regarded as a disease of the memory, the entire brain is eventually affected by neuronal dysfunction or neurodegeneration, which brings about a host of other behavioral disturbances...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685450/motivators-and-barriers-for-dog-and-cat-owners-and-veterinary-surgeons-in-the-united-kingdom-to-using-preventative-medicines
#6
Zoe Belshaw, Natalie J Robinson, Rachel S Dean, Marnie L Brennan
Routine use of preventative medicines is advocated as part of responsible dog and cat ownership. However, it has been suggested that the number of owners in the United Kingdom (UK) using preventative medicines to protect their pets is in decline. The aim of this novel study was to use a qualitative methodology to explore the attitudes of pet owners and veterinary surgeons in the UK to using preventative medicine products in dogs and cats. Preventative medicine was defined as "a drug or any other preparation used to prevent disease, illness or injury...
June 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656708/outcomes-of-a-peer-mentor-intervention-for-persons-with-recurrent-psychiatric-hospitalization
#7
Maria J O'Connell, William H Sledge, Martha Staeheli, David Sells, Mark Costa, Melissa Wieland, Larry Davidson
OBJECTIVE: This article presents findings from a randomized controlled trial of a peer support mentorship intervention designed for individuals with serious mental illness and frequent, recurrent psychiatric hospitalizations. METHODS: Seventy-six individuals who were diagnosed as having a major psychotic or mood disorder and who had at least two psychiatric hospitalizations or more than three emergency department visits within the 18 months prior to the index hospitalization participated in this trial...
April 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629636/men-selling-sex-to-men-in-sweden-balancing-safety-and-risk
#8
Jari Kuosmanen, Annelie de Cabo
The purpose of this study is to examine how men who sell sex to men perceive the risks in this activity and what experiences they have of actual denigration, threats, and violence in their relations with customers. We also discuss the self-defense strategies they have used to protect themselves. The study is based on an Internet survey on Swedish websites. Statistical analyses have been carried out, and in interpreting the results, Finkelhor and Asdigian's revised routine activities theory has been used. The results show that the vulnerability of sellers of sex is greatest during the time when the sexual act is being performed, and that this is primarily linked to the customer's antagonism and seeking gratification by overstepping agreed boundaries, particularly with regard to sexual services including BDSM...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602872/palm-oil-in-myanmar-a-spatiotemporal-analysis-of-the-effects-of-industrial-farming-on-biodiversity-loss
#9
Khristopher Nicholas, Jessica Fanzo, Kytt MacManus
BACKGROUND: Palm oil consumption is potentially deleterious to human health, and its production has resulted in 11 million hectares of deforestation globally. Importing roughly 394,000 metric tons of palm oil in 2012 alone, the Burmese government has recently pushed for intensive oil palm development to sate domestic demand for consumption and become international market players. Given well-studied linkages between biodiversity loss and ecosystem instability, this study aims to characterize the nature of deforestation for oil palm production in Myanmar, its relationship to increased biodiversity loss, and contextualize the potential impacts of this loss on diets and human health in rural Myanmar...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575369/drink-less-enjoy-more-effects-of-a-multi-component-intervention-on-improving-adherence-to-and-knowledge-of-alcohol-legislation-in-a-uk-nightlife-setting
#10
Zara Quigg, Karen Hughes, Nadia Butler, Kat Ford, Ian Canning, Mark A Bellis
AIMS: To estimate the association between implementation of a community-based multi-component intervention (Drink Less Enjoy More) and sales of alcohol to pseudo-intoxicated patrons and nightlife patron awareness of associated legislation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional pre-intervention and follow-up measurements, including alcohol test purchases (using pseudo-intoxicated patrons) in licensed premises (stratified random sample; 2013, 2015) and a survey with nightlife patrons (convenience sample; 2014, 2015)...
March 25, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515942/implementation-of-a-comprehensive-curriculum-in-personal-finance-for-medical-fellows
#11
Yuval D Bar-Or, Henry E Fessler, Dipan A Desai, Sammy Zakaria
INTRODUCTION: Many residents and fellows complete graduate medical education having received minimal unbiased financial planning guidance. This places them at risk of making ill-informed financial decisions, which may lead to significant harm to them and their families. Therefore, we sought to provide fellows with comprehensive unbiased financial education and empower them to make timely, constructive financial decisions. METHODS: A self-selected cohort of cardiovascular disease, pulmonary and critical care, and infectious disease fellows (n = 18) at a single institution attended a live, eight-hour interactive course on personal finance...
January 1, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495206/-willingness-and-influencing-factors-related-to-centralized-slaughtering-fresh-poultry-listing-and-marketing-strategy-among-the-household-chefs-in-guangzhou
#12
W H Liu, Y Ma, J Y Lu, H C Yan, J H Zhou, X L Liao, J H Zeng, W Q Lin, D Wu, Z B Zhang, Z C Yang, Z Q Chen, J D Chen, T G Li
Objective: To study the willingness and influence factors related to "centralized slaughtering, fresh poultry listing and marketing" strategy, among the household chefs, and provide reference for government to adjust and optimize the strategy on avian influenza prevention. Methods: According to the geographical characteristics and regional functions, 6 'monitoring stations' were selected from 12 residential districts of Guangzhou, respectively. Another 21 meat markets which selling live poultry, were selected in each station and 5 household chefs of each market were invited to attend a face to face interview...
February 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463230/vendor-based-restrictions-on-pesticide-sales-to-prevent-pesticide-self-poisoning-a-pilot-study
#13
Manjula Weerasinghe, Flemming Konradsen, Michael Eddleston, Melissa Pearson, Shaluka Jayamanne, David Gunnell, Keith Hawton, Suneth Agampodi
BACKGROUND: In South Asia, up to 20% of people ingesting pesticides for self-poisoning purchase the pesticide from a shop with the sole intention of self-harm. Individuals who are intoxicated with alcohol and/or non-farmers represent 72% of such high-risk individuals. We aimed to test the feasibility and acceptability of vendor-based restrictions on pesticide sales for such high-risk individuals. METHODS: We conducted a pilot study in 14 (rural = 7, urban = 7) pesticide shops in Anuradhapura District of Sri Lanka...
February 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369383/effective-altruists-ought-to-be-allowed-to-sell-their-kidneys
#14
Ryan Tonkens
Effective altruists aim to do the most good that they can do with the resources available to them, without causing themselves or their dependents significant harm thereby. The argument presented in this paper demonstrates that there are no morally relevant dissimilarities between living kidney donation and living kidney selling for effective altruistic reasons. Thus, since the former is allowed, the latter ought to be allowed as well. And, there are important moral differences between living kidney selling for effective altruistic reasons and other reasons for kidney vending (e...
January 25, 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330031/mental-health-disorders-mediate-association-of-sexual-minority-identity-with-cardiovascular-disease
#15
Lezhou Wu, Randall L Sell, Alexis M Roth, Seth L Welles
BACKGROUND: Little is known about cardiovascular health disparities for lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) persons and whether these disparities are mediated by mental health disorders due to sexual minority stress. We hypothesize LGB identity is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and that major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) may mediate this association. METHODS: The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions is a longitudinal, nationally-representative study of non-institutionalized U...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323863/at-a-glance-a-tough-sell-findings-from-a-qualitative-analysis-on-the-provision-of-healthy-foods-in-recreation-and-sports-settings
#16
Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Sherry L Jarvis, Rebecca Spencer, Sara Fl Kirk
Recreation and sport settings (RSS) typically promote health in the form of physical activity, but the healthfulness of their food environment is often neglected. We explored stakeholder perspectives on barriers to healthy food provision in RSS through telephone interviews with ten representatives from RSS across Nova Scotia. Three key barriers were identified: 1) cultural norms associated with food in RSS and the broader environment, 2) the persisting notion of personal choice and responsibility, and 3) financial implications of healthy food provision...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314458/quality-of-omeprazole-purchased-via-the-internet-and-personally-imported-into-japan-comparison-with-products-sampled-in-other-asian-countries
#17
Mohammad Sofiqur Rahman, Naoko Yoshida, Sakura Sugiura, Hirohito Tsuboi, Tep Keila, Heng Bun Kiet, Theingi Zin, Tsuyoshi Tanimoto, Kazuko Kimura
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of omeprazole personally imported into Japan via the Internet and to compare the quality of these samples with previously collected samples from two other Asian countries. METHODS: The samples were evaluated by observation, authenticity investigation and pharmacopoeial quality analysis. Quality comparison of some selected samples was carried out by dissolution profiling, Raman spectroscopy and principle component analysis (PCA)...
March 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249609/lessons-from-the-domestic-ebola-response-improving-health-care-system-resilience-to-high-consequence-infectious-diseases
#18
Diane Meyer, Tara Kirk Sell, Monica Schoch-Spana, Matthew P Shearer, Hannah Chandler, Erin Thomas, Dale A Rose, Eric G Carbone, Eric Toner
BACKGROUND: The domestic response to the West Africa Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic from 2014-2016 provides a unique opportunity to distill lessons learned about health sector planning and operations from those individuals directly involved. This research project aimed to identify and integrate these lessons into an actionable checklist that can improve health sector resilience to future high-consequence infectious disease (HCID) events. METHODS: Interviews (N = 73) were completed with individuals involved in the domestic EVD response in 4 cities (Atlanta, Dallas, New York, and Omaha), and included individuals who worked in academia, emergency management, government, health care, law, media, and public health during the response...
May 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214965/is-paid-surrogacy-a-form-of-reproductive-prostitution-a-kantian-perspective
#19
Tatiana Patrone
This article reexamines the "prostitution objection" to paid surrogacy, and argues that rebuttals to this objection fail to focus on surrogates as embodied persons. This failure is based on the false distinction between "selling one's reproductive services" and "selling one's body." To ground the analysis of humans as embodied persons, this article uses Kant's late ethical theory, which develops the conceptual framework for understanding human beings as embodied selves. Literature on surrogacy commonly emphasizes that all Kantian duties heed to the categorical prohibition to treat persons as mere means...
January 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057379/the-associations-between-yelp-online-reviews-and-vape-shops-closing-or-remaining-open-one-year-later
#20
Grace Kong, Jennifer Unger, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Steve Sussman
INTRODUCTION: Vape shops are popular brick-and-mortar stores that sell e-cigarette products but are not understood well. Previous analysis of Yelp reviews of vape shops located in various ethnic neighborhoods in Los Angeles, California in 2014 identified characteristics of vape shop as delineated by consumers. In this study, we assessed the associations between these characteristics and vape shops going out of business in 2015. METHODS: Content analysis of Yelp reviews of 72 vape shops in 2014 identified 1) general characteristics of the reviews/reviewers, 2) vape shop, staff, and marketing attributes, 3) physical environment, and 4) health claims...
2017: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
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