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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208593/context-sensing-system-analysis-for-privacy-preservation-based-on-game-theory
#1
Shengling Wang, Luyun Li, Weiman Sun, Junqi Guo, Rongfang Bie, Kai Lin
In a context sensing system in which a sensor-equipped mobile phone runs an unreliable context-aware application, the application can infer the user's contexts, based on which it provides personalized services. However, the application may sell the user's contexts to some malicious adversaries to earn extra profits, which will hinder its widespread use. In the real world, the actions of the user, the application and the adversary in the context sensing system affect each other, so that their payoffs are constrained mutually...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167752/cross-cultural-regularities-in-the-cognitive-architecture-of-pride
#2
Daniel Sznycer, Laith Al-Shawaf, Yoella Bereby-Meyer, Oliver Scott Curry, Delphine De Smet, Elsa Ermer, Sangin Kim, Sunhwa Kim, Norman P Li, Maria Florencia Lopez Seal, Jennifer McClung, Jiaqing O, Yohsuke Ohtsubo, Tadeg Quillien, Max Schaub, Aaron Sell, Florian van Leeuwen, Leda Cosmides, John Tooby
Pride occurs in every known culture, appears early in development, is reliably triggered by achievements and formidability, and causes a characteristic display that is recognized everywhere. Here, we evaluate the theory that pride evolved to guide decisions relevant to pursuing actions that enhance valuation and respect for a person in the minds of others. By hypothesis, pride is a neurocomputational program tailored by selection to orchestrate cognition and behavior in the service of: (i) motivating the cost-effective pursuit of courses of action that would increase others' valuations and respect of the individual, (ii) motivating the advertisement of acts or characteristics whose recognition by others would lead them to enhance their evaluations of the individual, and (iii) mobilizing the individual to take advantage of the resulting enhanced social landscape...
February 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140624/normative-data-for-the-neurocom-sensory-organization-test-in-us-military-special-operations-forces
#3
Erin R Pletcher, Valerie J Williams, John P Abt, Paul M Morgan, Jeffrey J Parr, Meleesa F Wohleber, Mita Lovalekar, Timothy C Sell
CONTEXT:  Postural stability is the ability to control the center of mass in relation to a person's base of support and can be affected by both musculoskeletal injury and traumatic brain injury. The NeuroCom Sensory Organization Test (SOT) can be used to objectively quantify impairments to postural stability. The ability of postural stability to predict injury and be used as an acute injury-evaluation tool makes it essential to the screening and rehabilitation process. To our knowledge, no published normative data of the SOT from a healthy, highly active population are available for use as a reference for clinical decision making...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109339/stigma-reduction-training-improves-healthcare-provider-attitudes-toward-and-experiences-of-young-marginalized-people-in-bangladesh
#4
Scott Geibel, Sharif M I Hossain, Julie Pulerwitz, Nargis Sultana, Tarik Hossain, Shongkour Roy, Brady Burnett-Zieman, Lucy Stackpool-Moore, Barbara A Friedland, Reena Yasmin, Najmus Sadiq, Eileen Yam
PURPOSE: Working with health providers to reduce HIV stigma in the healthcare setting is an important strategy to improve service utilization and quality of care, especially for young people who are sexually active before marriage, are sexual minorities, or who sell sex. A stigma reduction training program for health providers in Bangladesh was evaluated. METHODS: A cohort of 300 healthcare providers were given a self-administered questionnaire, then attended a 2-day HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights training (including a 90-minute session on stigma issues)...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095106/gender-differences-in-static-and-dynamic-postural-stability-of-soldiers-of-the-army-s-101st-airborne-division-air-assault
#5
Timothy C Sell, Mita T Lovalekar, Takashi Nagai, Michael D Wirt, John P Abt, Scott M Lephart
CONTEXT: Postural stability is essential for injury prevention and performance. Differences between genders may affect training focus. OBJECTIVE: To examine static and dynamic postural stability (PS) in male and female Soldiers Design: Descriptive Laboratory Study. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five healthy female Soldiers (26.4 ± 5.3 years) and twenty-five healthy male Soldiers (26.4 ± 4.9) years matched on physical demand rating, and years of service from the Army's 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027812/new-psychoactive-substances-nps-on-cryptomarket-fora-an-exploratory-study-of-characteristics-of-forum-activity-between-nps-buyers-and-vendors
#6
Marie Claire Van Hout, Evelyn Hearne
BACKGROUND: The continual diversification of new psychoactive substances (NPS) circumventing legislation creates a public health and law enforcement challenge, and one particularly challenged by availability on Hidden Web cryptomarkets. METHODS: This is the first study of its kind which aimed to explore and characterise cryptomarket forum members' views and perspectives on NPS vendors and products within the context of Hidden Web community dynamics. An internal site search was conducted on two cryptomarkets popular with NPS vendors and hosting fora; Alphabay and Valhalla, using the search terms of 40 popular NPS in the seven categories of stimulant/cathinone; GABA activating; hallucinogen, dissociative, cannabinoid, opioid and other/unspecified/uncategorised NPS...
December 24, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968882/effects-of-patient-load-and-travel-distance-on-hiv-transmission-in-a-cohort-of-serodiscordant-couples-in-rural-china-a-longitudinal-analysis
#7
M Kumi Smith, William C Miller, Huixin Liu, Chuanyi Ning, Wensheng He, Myron S Cohen, Ning Wang
BACKGROUND: Sustained viral suppression through antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the risk of sexual HIV transmission. However, it can require routine access to reliable and effective medical care, which can be difficult to obtain in resource-constrained areas. We investigated the effects of patient load and travel distance to an HIV care clinic on transmission risk in HIV serodiscordant couples in the Henan Province, China. METHODS: The study cohort arises from a population of HIV-infected individuals in central rural China where regional blood selling scandals in the 1990s led to mass HIV transmission of up to 30 000 people though unsanitary blood collection practices...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898683/mortality-in-hiv-infected-alcohol-and-drug-users-in-st-petersburg-russia
#8
Nadia S Fairbairn, Alexander Y Walley, Debbie M Cheng, Emily Quinn, Carly Bridden, Christine Chaisson, Elena Blokhina, Dmitry Lioznov, Evgeny Krupitsky, Anita Raj, Jeffrey H Samet
In Russia, up to half of premature deaths are attributed to hazardous drinking. The respective roles of alcohol and drug use in premature death among people with HIV in Russia have not been described. Criminalization and stigmatization of substance use in Russia may also contribute to mortality. We explored whether alcohol, drug use and risk environment factors are associated with short-term mortality in HIV-infected Russians who use substances. Secondary analyses were conducted using prospective data collected at baseline, 6 and 12-months from HIV-infected people who use substances recruited between 2007-2010 from addiction and HIV care settings in a single urban setting of St...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881996/quality-of-drug-stores-storage-practices-regulatory-compliance-in-karachi-pakistan
#9
Syed Shaukat Ali Muttaqi Shah, Baqar Shyum Naqvi, Mashhad Fatima, Asif Khaliq, Abdul Latif Sheikh, Muhammad Baqar
OBJECTIVE: To assess and evaluate the drug storage quality and regulatory compliance among privately operated drug stores of Karachi Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of drug stores located in Karachi was conducted from May to December 2013. A total of 1003 drug stores that were involved in the sales, purchase and dispensing of pharmaceutical products were approached by non-probability purposive sampling technique, and the information was collected using a close ended, structured questionnaire...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855578/follow-up-study-of-people-who-misuse-alcohol-reflections-on-methodology
#10
Jan Gill, Heather Black, Fiona O'May, Cheryl Rees
Background Considerable challenges exist for researchers attempting to monitor longitudinally the impact of any intervention on heavy drinkers, therefore they are often excluded from surveys. A particular challenge is the loss of validity through attrition. Aim To describe issues encountered when recruiting and re-contacting difficult to reach heavy drinkers participating in a longitudinal study; and propose strategies to inform the design of future studies to minimise the effects of confounding factors. Discussion Baseline recruitment exceeded targets, but attrition at first follow-up interview was considerable...
November 18, 2016: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825378/buying-and-selling-human-eggs-infertility-providers-ethical-and-other-concerns-regarding-egg-donor-agencies
#11
Robert Klitzman
BACKGROUND: Egg donor agencies are increasingly being used as part of IVF in the US, but are essentially unregulated, posing critical ethical and policy questions concerning how providers view and use them, and what the implications might be. METHODS: Thirty-seven in-depth interviews of approximately 1 h were conducted - with 27 IVF providers and 10 patients. RESULTS: Clinicians vary in their views and interactions concerning egg donor agencies, ranging widely in whether and how often they use agencies...
November 8, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805274/an-examination-of-the-relationship-between-consequence-specific-normative-belief-patterns-and-alcohol-related-consequences-among-college-students
#12
Racheal Reavy, Michael J Cleveland, Kimberly A Mallett, Nichole M Scaglione, Nichole M Sell, Rob Turrisi
BACKGROUND: Research has previously identified a high-risk subgroup of college students who experience high levels of multiple and repeated alcohol-related consequences (MRC group). The purpose of this study was to examine the association between consequence-specific normative influences and experiencing multiple and repeated drinking-related consequences using a person-centered approach. Normative subgroups were identified using latent profile analysis (LPA), which were then used to predict MRC group status at 6-month follow-up...
December 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692193/non-prescribed-buprenorphine-in-new-york-city-motivations-for-use-practices-of-diversion-and-experiences-of-stigma
#13
Bennett Allen, Alex Harocopos
Non-medical use of opioid analgesics (OAs) has increased in the United States over the past decade. Concurrently, access to opioid agonist therapies (OATs) such as buprenorphine has expanded. However, there has been little in-depth qualitative exploration into circumstances surrounding buprenorphine diversion and non-prescribed use. This study reports on qualitative data from in-depth interviews conducted with persons in New York City reporting non-medical OA use in the past 12 months. Participants (n=42) were aged between 18 and 49 years...
November 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669276/pesticide-residues-on-three-cut-flower-species-and-potential-exposure-of-florists-in-belgium
#14
Khaoula Toumi, Christiane Vleminckx, Joris van Loco, Bruno Schiffers
In order to assess the prevalence of pesticide contamination and the risk of florists' exposure when handling cut flowers, sampling and analysis of 90 bouquets of the most commonly sold cut flowers in Belgium (50 bouquets of roses; 20 of gerberas, and 20 of chrysanthemums) were carried out. The bouquets were collected from 50 florists located in the seven largest cities of Belgium (Antwerp, Brussels, Charleroi, Ghent, Leuven, Liege, and Namur) and from five supermarkets located in the different regions. To have a better understanding of the route of exposure and professional practices a questionnaire was also addressed to a group of 25 florists who volunteered to take part in the survey...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664539/news-media-coverage-of-u-s-ebola-policies-implications-for-communication-during-future-infectious-disease-threats
#15
Tara Kirk Sell, Crystal Boddie, Emma E McGinty, Keshia Pollack, Katherine Clegg Smith, Thomas A Burke, Lainie Rutkow
The Ebola outbreak of 2014-2015 raised concerns about the disease's potential spread in the U.S. and received significant news media coverage. Prior research has shown that news media coverage of policy options can influence public opinion regarding those policies, as well as public attitudes toward the broader social issues and target populations addressed by such policies. To assess news media coverage of Ebola policies, the content of U.S.-focused news stories (n=1262) published between July 1 and November 30, 2014 from 12 news sources was analyzed for 13 policy-related messages...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647666/selling-science-2-0-what-scientific-projects-receive-crowdfunding-online
#16
Mike S Schäfer, Julia Metag, Jessica Feustle, Livia Herzog
Crowdfunding has emerged as an additional source for financing research in recent years. The study at hand identifies and tests explanatory factors influencing the success of scientific crowdfunding projects by drawing on news value theory, the "reputation signaling" approach, and economic theories of online payment. A standardized content analysis of 371 projects on English- and German-language platforms reveals that each theory provides factors influencing crowdfunding success. It shows that projects presented on science-only crowdfunding platforms have a higher success rate...
September 19, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637195/-the-problem-of-beginning-of-the-personal-being-in-the-anthropology-of-v-e-frankl
#17
Juan Fernando Sellés Dauder
In this paper we review the V. E. Frankl' conception of the 'person', which he understands as the superior part in man. This study consists of three parts: a) In the first we study 10 thesis that the father of logotherapy offers on the person, namely: 1st) the person is an individual; 2nd) whitaut possibility of sum; 3rd) is a new being; 4th) is spiritual; 5th) is existential; 6th) is the 'I' or the 'ego'; 7th) provides unity and wholeness; 8th) is dynamic; 9th) is able to transcend and to face herself; 10th) He is not understood by itself but from the point of view of transcendence...
May 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633447/expectations-and-responsibilities-regarding-the-sale-of-complementary-medicines-in-pharmacies-perspectives-of-consumers-and-pharmacy-support-staff
#18
Priya Iyer, Reanna McFarland, Adam La Caze
BACKGROUND: Most sales of complementary medicines within pharmacies are conducted by pharmacy support staff. The absence of rigorous evidence for the effectiveness of many complementary medicines raises a number of ethical questions regarding the sale of complementary medicines in pharmacies. AIM: Explore (1) what consumers expect from pharmacists/pharmacies with regard to the sale of complementary medicines, and (2) how pharmacy support staff perceive their responsibilities when selling complementary medicines...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468642/analysis-of-direct-to-consumer-marketed-chlamydia-trachomatis-diagnostic-tests-in-norway
#19
Nils Reinton, Stig Ove Hjelmevoll, Håkon Håheim, Kjersti Garstad, Lisa Therese Mørch-Reiersen, Amir Moghaddam
UNLABELLED: Background In 2014, and for the first time in Norway, a pharmacy chain started selling home sampling kits for Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) detection. Direct-to-consumer diagnostic kits for C. trachomatis have been available in Norway from an Internet company since 2005. There has been little assessment of persons who purchase direct-to-consumer diagnostic tests for sexually transmissible infections (STIs) detection and if low-risk populations are being unnecessarily encouraged to buy these tests...
August 2015: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222494/evaluating-the-quality-of-website-information-of-private-practice-clinics-offering-cell-therapies-in-japan
#20
Hidenori Kashihara, Takeo Nakayama, Taichi Hatta, Naomi Takahashi, Misao Fujita
BACKGROUND: Although the safety and effectiveness of stem cell therapies are yet to be proven, recent studies show that such therapies are being advertised with some questionable marketing techniques to effect positive portrayal of the therapies on the webpages of private-practice clinics to sell their therapies worldwide. In such context, those clinics communicate directly with consumers (patients and their family members) via the clinics' websites. Meanwhile, the Health Science Council at the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare (MHLW) in Japan has pointed out noncompliance of some local clinics with the provisions concerning medical advertising in the Medical Care Act in the past...
2016: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
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