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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480485/long-term-lithium-treatment-in-bipolar-disorder-effects-on-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-other-metabolic-parameters
#1
Leonardo Tondo, Maria Abramowicz, Martin Alda, Michael Bauer, Alberto Bocchetta, Lorenza Bolzani, Cynthia V Calkin, Caterina Chillotti, Diego Hidalgo-Mazzei, Mirko Manchia, Bruno Müller-Oerlinghausen, Andrea Murru, Giulio Perugi, Marco Pinna, Giuseppe Quaranta, Daniela Reginaldi, Andreas Reif, Philipp Ritter, Janusz K Rybakowski, David Saiger, Gabriele Sani, Valerio Selle, Thomas Stamm, Gustavo H Vázquez, Julia Veeh, Eduard Vieta, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: Concerns about potential adverse effects of long-term exposure to lithium as a mood-stabilizing treatment notably include altered renal function. However, the incidence of severe renal dysfunction; rate of decline over time; effects of lithium dose, serum concentration, and duration of treatment; relative effects of lithium exposure vs. aging; and contributions of sex and other factors all remain unclear. METHODS: Accordingly, we acquired data from 12 collaborating international sites and 312 bipolar disorder patients (6142 person-years, 2669 assays) treated with lithium carbonate for 8-48 (mean 18) years and aged 20-89 (mean 56) years...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479158/children-s-decision-making-when-self-interest-and-moral-considerations-conflict
#2
Arber Tasimi, Marcia K Johnson, Karen Wynn
When children's self-interests are at odds with their moral considerations, what do they do? In the current study of 5- and 6-year-olds (N=160), we asked (a) whether children would select the offering of a do-gooder over a neutral individual at a personal cost, (b) whether they would reject the offering of a wrongdoer over a neutral individual at a personal cost, and (c) whether these two types of decisions involve comparable levels of conflict. In the absence of material considerations, children preferred a nice character to a neutral one, but this preference was easily overcome for material gain; children accepted a larger offering from a neutral source over a smaller offering from a nice source...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461433/living-both-well-and-sustainably-a-review-of-the-literature-with-some-reflections-on-future-research-interventions-and-policy
#3
REVIEW
Tim Kasser
The idea that human well-being (WB) can be supported and even enhanced by using, producing, buying, selling and consuming less 'stuff' is anathema to many living under consumer capitalism. Yet a growing research literature actually finds that frequent engagement in pro-ecological behaviours (PEBs) is positively correlated with personal WB. This paper reviews data relevant to three possible explanations for the apparent compatibility of PEBs and WB: (i) engaging in PEBs leads to psychological need satisfaction, which in turn causes WB; (ii) being in a good mood causes people to engage in more prosocial behaviours, including PEBs; and (iii) personal characteristics and lifestyles such as intrinsic values, mindfulness and voluntary simplicity cause both PEBs and WB...
June 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426309/lgbtq-health-surveillance-data%C3%A2-%C3%A2-power
#4
Randall L Sell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426297/note-from-the-editor-in-chief-who-wants-to-exclude-older-lgbt-persons-from-public-health-surveillance
#5
Alfredo Morabia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392252/disparities-in-tobacco-marketing-and-product-availability-at-the-point-of-sale-results-of-a-national-study
#6
Kurt M Ribisl, Heather D'Angelo, Ashley L Feld, Nina C Schleicher, Shelley Golden, Douglas A Luke, Lisa Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: Neighborhood socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities exist in the amount and type of tobacco marketing at retail, but most studies are limited to a single city or state, and few have examined flavored little cigars. Our purpose is to describe tobacco product availability, marketing, and promotions in a national sample of retail stores and to examine associations with neighborhood characteristics. METHODS: At a national sample of 2230 tobacco retailers in the contiguous US, we collected in-person store audit data on: Availability of products (e...
April 6, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335885/policy-and-priorities-for-national-cancer-control-planning-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lessons-from-the-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean-costs-in-oncology-prospective-cohort-study
#7
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Evidence to guide policymakers in developing affordable and equitable cancer control plans are scarce in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). METHODS: The 2012-2014 ASEAN Costs in Oncology Study prospectively followed-up 9513 newly diagnosed cancer patients from eight LMIC in Southeast Asia for 12 months. Overall and country-specific incidence of financial catastrophe (out-of-pocket health costs ≥ 30% of annual household income), economic hardship (inability to make necessary household payments), poverty (living below national poverty line), and all-cause mortality were determined...
March 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333179/obtaining-antibiotics-online-from-within-the-uk-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Sara Elizabeth Boyd, Luke Stephen Prockter Moore, Mark Gilchrist, Ceire Costelloe, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Bryony Dean Franklin, Alison Helen Holmes
Background: Improved antibiotic stewardship (AS) and reduced prescribing in primary care, with a parallel increase in personal internet use, could lead citizens to obtain antibiotics from alternative sources online. Objectives: A cross-sectional analysis was performed to: (i) determine the quality and legality of online pharmacies selling antibiotics to the UK public; (ii) describe processes for obtaining antibiotics online from within the UK; and (iii) identify resulting AS and patient safety issues...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317507/effects-of-a-hybrid-online-and-in-person-training-program-designed-to-reduce-alcohol-sales-to-obviously-intoxicated-patrons
#9
Traci L Toomey, Kathleen M Lenk, Darin J Erickson, Keith J Horvath, Alexandra M Ecklund, Dawn M Nederhoff, Shanda L Hunt, Toben F Nelson
OBJECTIVE: Overservice of alcohol (i.e., selling alcohol to intoxicated patrons) continues to be a problem at bars and restaurants, contributing to serious consequences such as traffic crashes and violence. We developed a training program for managers of bars and restaurants, eARM™, focusing on preventing overservice of alcohol. The program included online and face-to-face components to help create and implement establishment-specific policies. METHOD: We conducted a large, randomized controlled trial in bars and restaurants in one metropolitan area in the midwestern United States to evaluate effects of the eARM program on the likelihood of selling alcohol to obviously intoxicated patrons...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208593/context-sensing-system-analysis-for-privacy-preservation-based-on-game-theory
#10
Shengling Wang, Luyun Li, Weiman Sun, Junqi Guo, Rongfang Bie, Kai Lin
In a context sensing system in which a sensor-equipped mobile phone runs an unreliable context-aware application, the application can infer the user's contexts, based on which it provides personalized services. However, the application may sell the user's contexts to some malicious adversaries to earn extra profits, which will hinder its widespread use. In the real world, the actions of the user, the application and the adversary in the context sensing system affect each other, so that their payoffs are constrained mutually...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167752/cross-cultural-regularities-in-the-cognitive-architecture-of-pride
#11
Daniel Sznycer, Laith Al-Shawaf, Yoella Bereby-Meyer, Oliver Scott Curry, Delphine De Smet, Elsa Ermer, Sangin Kim, Sunhwa Kim, Norman P Li, Maria Florencia Lopez Seal, Jennifer McClung, Jiaqing O, Yohsuke Ohtsubo, Tadeg Quillien, Max Schaub, Aaron Sell, Florian van Leeuwen, Leda Cosmides, John Tooby
Pride occurs in every known culture, appears early in development, is reliably triggered by achievements and formidability, and causes a characteristic display that is recognized everywhere. Here, we evaluate the theory that pride evolved to guide decisions relevant to pursuing actions that enhance valuation and respect for a person in the minds of others. By hypothesis, pride is a neurocomputational program tailored by selection to orchestrate cognition and behavior in the service of: (i) motivating the cost-effective pursuit of courses of action that would increase others' valuations and respect of the individual, (ii) motivating the advertisement of acts or characteristics whose recognition by others would lead them to enhance their evaluations of the individual, and (iii) mobilizing the individual to take advantage of the resulting enhanced social landscape...
February 21, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140624/normative-data-for-the-neurocom-sensory-organization-test-in-us-military-special-operations-forces
#12
Erin R Pletcher, Valerie J Williams, John P Abt, Paul M Morgan, Jeffrey J Parr, Meleesa F Wohleber, Mita Lovalekar, Timothy C Sell
CONTEXT: Postural stability is the ability to control the center of mass in relation to a person's base of support and can be affected by both musculoskeletal injury and traumatic brain injury. The NeuroCom Sensory Organization Test (SOT) can be used to objectively quantify impairments to postural stability. The ability of postural stability to predict injury and be used as an acute injury-evaluation tool makes it essential to the screening and rehabilitation process. To our knowledge, no published normative data for the SOT from a healthy, highly active population are available for use as a reference for clinical decision making...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109339/stigma-reduction-training-improves-healthcare-provider-attitudes-toward-and-experiences-of-young-marginalized-people-in-bangladesh
#13
Scott Geibel, Sharif M I Hossain, Julie Pulerwitz, Nargis Sultana, Tarik Hossain, Shongkour Roy, Brady Burnett-Zieman, Lucy Stackpool-Moore, Barbara A Friedland, Reena Yasmin, Najmus Sadiq, Eileen Yam
PURPOSE: Working with health providers to reduce HIV stigma in the healthcare setting is an important strategy to improve service utilization and quality of care, especially for young people who are sexually active before marriage, are sexual minorities, or who sell sex. A stigma reduction training program for health providers in Bangladesh was evaluated. METHODS: A cohort of 300 healthcare providers were given a self-administered questionnaire, then attended a 2-day HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights training (including a 90-minute session on stigma issues)...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095106/gender-differences-in-static-and-dynamic-postural-stability-of-soldiers-of-the-army-s-101st-airborne-division-air-assault
#14
Timothy C Sell, Mita T Lovalekar, Takashi Nagai, Michael D Wirt, John P Abt, Scott M Lephart
CONTEXT: Postural stability is essential for injury prevention and performance. Differences between genders may affect training focus. OBJECTIVE: To examine static and dynamic postural stability (PS) in male and female Soldiers Design: Descriptive Laboratory Study. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five healthy female Soldiers (26.4 ± 5.3 years) and twenty-five healthy male Soldiers (26.4 ± 4.9) years matched on physical demand rating, and years of service from the Army's 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027812/new-psychoactive-substances-nps-on-cryptomarket-fora-an-exploratory-study-of-characteristics-of-forum-activity-between-nps-buyers-and-vendors
#15
Marie Claire Van Hout, Evelyn Hearne
BACKGROUND: The continual diversification of new psychoactive substances (NPS) circumventing legislation creates a public health and law enforcement challenge, and one particularly challenged by availability on Hidden Web cryptomarkets. METHODS: This is the first study of its kind which aimed to explore and characterise cryptomarket forum members' views and perspectives on NPS vendors and products within the context of Hidden Web community dynamics. An internal site search was conducted on two cryptomarkets popular with NPS vendors and hosting fora; Alphabay and Valhalla, using the search terms of 40 popular NPS in the seven categories of stimulant/cathinone; GABA activating; hallucinogen, dissociative, cannabinoid, opioid and other/unspecified/uncategorised NPS...
December 24, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968882/effects-of-patient-load-and-travel-distance-on-hiv-transmission-in-a-cohort-of-serodiscordant-couples-in-rural-china-a-longitudinal-analysis
#16
M Kumi Smith, William C Miller, Huixin Liu, Chuanyi Ning, Wensheng He, Myron S Cohen, Ning Wang
BACKGROUND: Sustained viral suppression through antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the risk of sexual HIV transmission. However, it can require routine access to reliable and effective medical care, which can be difficult to obtain in resource-constrained areas. We investigated the effects of patient load and travel distance to an HIV care clinic on transmission risk in HIV serodiscordant couples in the Henan Province, China. METHODS: The study cohort arises from a population of HIV-infected individuals in central rural China where regional blood selling scandals in the 1990s led to mass HIV transmission of up to 30 000 people though unsanitary blood collection practices...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898683/mortality-in-hiv-infected-alcohol-and-drug-users-in-st-petersburg-russia
#17
Nadia S Fairbairn, Alexander Y Walley, Debbie M Cheng, Emily Quinn, Carly Bridden, Christine Chaisson, Elena Blokhina, Dmitry Lioznov, Evgeny Krupitsky, Anita Raj, Jeffrey H Samet
In Russia, up to half of premature deaths are attributed to hazardous drinking. The respective roles of alcohol and drug use in premature death among people with HIV in Russia have not been described. Criminalization and stigmatization of substance use in Russia may also contribute to mortality. We explored whether alcohol, drug use and risk environment factors are associated with short-term mortality in HIV-infected Russians who use substances. Secondary analyses were conducted using prospective data collected at baseline, 6 and 12-months from HIV-infected people who use substances recruited between 2007-2010 from addiction and HIV care settings in a single urban setting of St...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881996/quality-of-drug-stores-storage-practices-regulatory-compliance-in-karachi-pakistan
#18
Syed Shaukat Ali Muttaqi Shah, Baqar Shyum Naqvi, Mashhad Fatima, Asif Khaliq, Abdul Latif Sheikh, Muhammad Baqar
OBJECTIVE: To assess and evaluate the drug storage quality and regulatory compliance among privately operated drug stores of Karachi Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of drug stores located in Karachi was conducted from May to December 2013. A total of 1003 drug stores that were involved in the sales, purchase and dispensing of pharmaceutical products were approached by non-probability purposive sampling technique, and the information was collected using a close ended, structured questionnaire...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855578/follow-up-study-of-people-who-misuse-alcohol-reflections-on-methodology
#19
Jan Gill, Heather Black, Fiona O'May, Cheryl Rees
Background Considerable challenges exist for researchers attempting to monitor longitudinally the impact of any intervention on heavy drinkers, therefore they are often excluded from surveys. A particular challenge is the loss of validity through attrition. Aim To describe issues encountered when recruiting and re-contacting difficult to reach heavy drinkers participating in a longitudinal study; and propose strategies to inform the design of future studies to minimise the effects of confounding factors. Discussion Baseline recruitment exceeded targets, but attrition at first follow-up interview was considerable...
November 18, 2016: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825378/buying-and-selling-human-eggs-infertility-providers-ethical-and-other-concerns-regarding-egg-donor-agencies
#20
Robert Klitzman
BACKGROUND: Egg donor agencies are increasingly being used as part of IVF in the US, but are essentially unregulated, posing critical ethical and policy questions concerning how providers view and use them, and what the implications might be. METHODS: Thirty-seven in-depth interviews of approximately 1 h were conducted - with 27 IVF providers and 10 patients. RESULTS: Clinicians vary in their views and interactions concerning egg donor agencies, ranging widely in whether and how often they use agencies...
November 8, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
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