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Personality selling

Bennett Allen, Alex Harocopos
Non-medical use of opioid analgesics (OAs) has increased in the United States over the past decade. Concurrently, access to opioid agonist therapies (OATs) such as buprenorphine has expanded. However, there has been little in-depth qualitative exploration into circumstances surrounding buprenorphine diversion and non-prescribed use. This study reports on qualitative data from in-depth interviews conducted with persons in New York City reporting non-medical OA use in the past 12 months. Participants (n=42) were aged between 18 and 49 years...
November 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Khaoula Toumi, Christiane Vleminckx, Joris van Loco, Bruno Schiffers
In order to assess the prevalence of pesticide contamination and the risk of florists' exposure when handling cut flowers, sampling and analysis of 90 bouquets of the most commonly sold cut flowers in Belgium (50 bouquets of roses; 20 of gerberas, and 20 of chrysanthemums) were carried out. The bouquets were collected from 50 florists located in the seven largest cities of Belgium (Antwerp, Brussels, Charleroi, Ghent, Leuven, Liege, and Namur) and from five supermarkets located in the different regions. To have a better understanding of the route of exposure and professional practices a questionnaire was also addressed to a group of 25 florists who volunteered to take part in the survey...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Tara Kirk Sell, Crystal Boddie, Emma E McGinty, Keshia Pollack, Katherine Clegg Smith, Thomas A Burke, Lainie Rutkow
The Ebola outbreak of 2014-2015 raised concerns about the disease's potential spread in the U.S. and received significant news media coverage. Prior research has shown that news media coverage of policy options can influence public opinion regarding those policies, as well as public attitudes toward the broader social issues and target populations addressed by such policies. To assess news media coverage of Ebola policies, the content of U.S.-focused news stories (n=1262) published between July 1 and November 30, 2014 from 12 news sources was analyzed for 13 policy-related messages...
September 21, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Mike S Schäfer, Julia Metag, Jessica Feustle, Livia Herzog
Crowdfunding has emerged as an additional source for financing research in recent years. The study at hand identifies and tests explanatory factors influencing the success of scientific crowdfunding projects by drawing on news value theory, the "reputation signaling" approach, and economic theories of online payment. A standardized content analysis of 371 projects on English- and German-language platforms reveals that each theory provides factors influencing crowdfunding success. It shows that projects presented on science-only crowdfunding platforms have a higher success rate...
September 19, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
Juan Fernando Sellés Dauder
In this paper we review the V. E. Frankl' conception of the 'person', which he understands as the superior part in man. This study consists of three parts: a) In the first we study 10 thesis that the father of logotherapy offers on the person, namely: 1st) the person is an individual; 2nd) whitaut possibility of sum; 3rd) is a new being; 4th) is spiritual; 5th) is existential; 6th) is the 'I' or the 'ego'; 7th) provides unity and wholeness; 8th) is dynamic; 9th) is able to transcend and to face herself; 10th) He is not understood by itself but from the point of view of transcendence...
May 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
Priya Iyer, Reanna McFarland, Adam La Caze
BACKGROUND: Most sales of complementary medicines within pharmacies are conducted by pharmacy support staff. The absence of rigorous evidence for the effectiveness of many complementary medicines raises a number of ethical questions regarding the sale of complementary medicines in pharmacies. AIM: Explore (1) what consumers expect from pharmacists/pharmacies with regard to the sale of complementary medicines, and (2) how pharmacy support staff perceive their responsibilities when selling complementary medicines...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Nils Reinton, Stig Ove Hjelmevoll, Håkon Håheim, Kjersti Garstad, Lisa Therese Mørch-Reiersen, Amir Moghaddam
UNLABELLED: Background In 2014, and for the first time in Norway, a pharmacy chain started selling home sampling kits for Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) detection. Direct-to-consumer diagnostic kits for C. trachomatis have been available in Norway from an Internet company since 2005. There has been little assessment of persons who purchase direct-to-consumer diagnostic tests for sexually transmissible infections (STIs) detection and if low-risk populations are being unnecessarily encouraged to buy these tests...
August 2015: Sexual Health
Hidenori Kashihara, Takeo Nakayama, Taichi Hatta, Naomi Takahashi, Misao Fujita
BACKGROUND: Although the safety and effectiveness of stem cell therapies are yet to be proven, recent studies show that such therapies are being advertised with some questionable marketing techniques to effect positive portrayal of the therapies on the webpages of private-practice clinics to sell their therapies worldwide. In such context, those clinics communicate directly with consumers (patients and their family members) via the clinics' websites. Meanwhile, the Health Science Council at the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare (MHLW) in Japan has pointed out noncompliance of some local clinics with the provisions concerning medical advertising in the Medical Care Act in the past...
2016: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Pratibha Nayak, Catherine B Kemp, Pamela Redmon
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 8,500 vape shops in the United States sell a variety of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). This study examined vape shop operators' perceptions of benefits and risk of ENDS use, what they perceive to be the reasons for ENDS use, their source of product information, what information they shared with customers, and the impact of existing and future regulation of ENDS on its use and on their business. METHODS: We conducted qualitative interviews with 20 vape shop operators located in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina in spring 2015...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Joanna R Sells, Andrew J Waters, Melanie L Schwandt, Laura E Kwako, Markus Heilig, David T George, Vijay A Ramchandani
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often comorbid with alcohol dependence (AD), but little is known about the characteristics of AD treatment-seeking inpatients with PTSD. We examined differences between treatment-seeking alcohol dependent inpatients with and without comorbid PTSD. We hypothesized that those with AD and PTSD would have higher levels of: (1) alcohol use and AD severity; (2) anxiety and mood disorders; (3) neuroticism. METHODS: Individuals (N=411, mean age=41...
June 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Kelly M Collins, Richard F Armenta, Jazmine Cuevas-Mota, Lin Liu, Steffanie A Strathdee, Richard S Garfein
BACKGROUND: New and innovative methods of delivering interventions are needed to further reduce risky behaviors and increase overall health among persons who inject drugs (PWID). Mobile health (mHealth) interventions have potential for reaching PWID; however, little is known about mobile technology use (MTU) in this population. In this study, we identify patterns of MTU and identified factors associated with MTU among a cohort of PWID. METHODS: Data were collected through a longitudinal cohort study examining drug use, risk behaviors and health status among PWID in San Diego, CA...
April 19, 2016: Substance Abuse
Marya Gwadz, Rebecca de Guzman, Robert Freeman, Alexandra Kutnick, Elizabeth Silverman, Noelle R Leonard, Amanda Spring Ritchie, Corinne Muñoz-Plaza, Nadim Salomon, Hannah Wolfe, Christopher Hilliard, Charles M Cleland, Sylvie Honig
Drug use is associated with low uptake of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART), an under-studied step in the HIV care continuum, and insufficient engagement in HIV primary care. However, the specific underlying mechanisms by which drug use impedes these HIV health outcomes are poorly understood. The present qualitative study addresses this gap in the literature, focusing on African-American/Black and Hispanic persons living with HIV (PLWH) who had delayed, declined, or discontinued ART and who also were generally poorly engaged in health care...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Henri-Corto Stoeklé, Marie-France Mamzer-Bruneel, Guillaume Vogt, Christian Hervé
BACKGROUND: Since 2006, the genetic testing company 23andMe has collected biological samples, self-reported information, and consent documents for biobanking and research from more than 1,000,000 individuals (90% participating in research), through a direct-to-consumer (DTC) online genetic-testing service providing a genetic ancestry report and a genetic health report. However, on November 22, 2013, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) halted the sale of genetic health testing, on the grounds that 23andMe was not acting in accordance with federal law, by selling tests of undemonstrated reliability as predictive tests for medical risk factors...
2016: BMC Medical Ethics
Linda van Eikenhorst, Nde-Eshimuni Salema, Claire Anderson
BACKGROUND: Much has been studied in regard to non-prescription medicines (NPMs), but the impact of greater emphasis toward patient self-selection of such agents is still not well understood, and evidence in the literature might be equivocal. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine whether or not pharmacist interventions are important in the sale of NPMs and to summarize the evidence of pharmacists' contribution in maintaining patient safety and improving the quality of consultations involving NPMs...
March 4, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Darcy A Freedman, Nicole Vaudrin, Christine Schneider, Erika Trapl, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Morgan Taggart, M Ariel Cascio, Colleen Walsh, Susan Flocke
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence indicates a widening gap in fruit and vegetable (F/V) consumption between high- and low-income Americans. This gap is related, in part, to decreased access to food retailers that sell fresh F/V in low-income communities. Farmers' markets are identified as a strategy for improving F/V consumption by increasing access to these foods. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to examine literature published from 1994 to 2014 to identify facilitators and barriers of farmers' markets use, particularly among low-income consumers...
July 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Kim E Reuter, Melissa S Schaefer
Although it is illegal to capture, sell, and trade lemurs, the live capture of lemurs in Madagascar is ongoing and may have impacted over 28,000 lemurs between 2010 and 2013. Only one study has examined this trade and did so using in-person interviews in northern Madagascar. The current study sought to expand this existing dataset and examine the comparability of online surveys to more traditional on-location data collection methods. In this study, we collected data through a web-based survey resulting in 302 sightings of 685 captive lemurs...
February 29, 2016: American Journal of Primatology
Helle Håkonsen, Karolina Andersson Sundell, Johan Martinsson, Tove Hedenrud
Following a large regulatory reform in 2009, which ended the state's pharmacy monopoly, non-pharmacy retailers in Sweden today sell certain over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. The aim of this study was to investigate consumer preferences regarding OTC drug retailers and the reasons for choosing a pharmacy versus non-pharmacy retailer. We conducted a web survey aimed at Swedish adults. Out of a stratified sample of 4058 persons, 2594 agreed to take part (48% women; mean age: 50.3 years). Questions related to OTC drug use, retailer choice and factors affecting the participants' preferences for OTC drug retailers...
March 2016: Health Policy
Ola Røed Bilgrei
BACKGROUND: In the early 2000s, online vendors began selling an array of so-called "legal highs"--apparently organic produce made from exotic herbs. Simultaneously, members of online drug discussion forums began to debate the alleged effects of the new drugs, creating an enormous base of user-derived information based on personal experiences. METHODS: This study combines the historical data spanning a seven-year period derived from a Norwegian drug discussion forum about synthetic cannabinoids and interviews with 14 male forum members who all had experience with the drug...
March 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
James J Logan, Ann M Jolly, Justine I Blanford
Control of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne pathogens is challenging due to their presence in groups exhibiting complex social interactions. In particular, sharing injection drug use equipment and selling sex (prostitution) puts people at high risk. Previous work examining the involvement of risk behaviours in social networks has suggested that social and geographic distance of persons within a group contributes to these pathogens' endemicity. In this study, we examine the role of place in the connectedness of street people, selected by respondent driven sampling, in the transmission of blood-borne and sexually transmitted pathogens...
2016: PloS One
S B Sells, R G Demaree, D P Will
As fully described in the first paper of this series (Sells, Demaree and Will, 1970), this study involves a series of independent factor analyses and .rotations of 300 Guilford items, provided as markers for 15 Guilford source factons and 300 additional items, provided as markers for 17 Cattell source factors.
April 1, 1971: Multivariate Behavioral Research
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