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Interpregnancy interval

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705235/burden-and-associated-factors-of-anemia-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-southern-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#1
Weinshet Getahun, Tefera Belachew, Amare Desalegn Wolide
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or their oxygen-carrying capacity is insufficient to meet physiologic needs, which varies by age, sex, altitude, smoking, and pregnancy status. The study aim is to determine the prevalence and factors associated with anemia among pregnant women attending a hospital in southern Ethiopia using a structured interview administered questionnaire. METHODS: Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 01-April 30 2015 at Butajira General Hospital, Ethiopia...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644929/short-interpregnancy-intervals-maternal-folate-levels-and-infants-born-small-for-gestational-age-a-preliminary-study-in-a-canadian-supplement-using-population
#2
Buffy Chen, Prescilla Carrion, Ravneet Grewal, Angela Inglis, Catriona Hippman, Emily Morris, Heather J Andrighetti, Arianne Albert, Jehannine Austin
BACKGROUND: Short interpregnancy intervals (SIPI) have been associated with increased risks for adverse neonatal outcomes including preterm delivery and infants small for gestational age (SGA). It has been suggested that mechanistically, adverse neonatal outcomes after SIPI arise due to insufficient recovery of depleted maternal folate levels prior to the second pregnancy. However, empirical data are lacking regarding physiological folate levels in pregnant women with SIPI, and relationships between quantified physiological folate levels and outcomes like SGA...
June 23, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610898/immediate-versus-delayed-postpartum-use-of-levonorgestrel-contraceptive-implants-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-uganda
#3
Sarah Averbach, Othman Kakaire, Herbert Kayiga, Felicia Lester, Abby Sokoloff, Josaphat Byamugisha, Christine Dehlendorf, Jody Steinauer
BACKGROUND: Use of long-acting, highly effective contraception has the potential to improve women's ability to avoid short interpregnancy intervals, which are associated with an increased risk of maternal morbidity and mortality, and preterm delivery. In Uganda, contraceptive implants are not routinely available during the immediate postpartum period. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the proportion of women using levonorgestrel contraceptive implants at 6 months after delivery in women randomized to immediate or delayed insertion...
June 10, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588113/interpregnancy-weight-changes-and-impact-on-pregnancy-outcome-in-a-cohort-of-women-with-a-macrosomic-first-delivery-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#4
David A Crosby, Jennifer M Walsh, Ricardo Segurado, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
OBJECTIVE: To determine the median interpregnancy maternal weight change between first and second pregnancies, and second and third pregnancies and to assess the impact of this weight change on pregnancy outcome in a cohort of women with a macrosomic first delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study conducted over three pregnancies from 2007 to 2015. SETTING: Tertiary referral maternity hospital, Dublin, Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: Women were recruited if their first baby weighed >4...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555840/the-effect-of-interpregnancy-interval-on-obesity-overweight-among-women-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy
#5
Elrazi A Ali, Abdelmageed Almugabil, Ala Salim, Duria A Rayis, Ishag Adam
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of interpregnancy interval (IPI) on obesity/overweight among pregnant Sudanese women in early pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Saad Abu-Alela Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan, from January to December 2015. Women with a singleton pregnancy and at least one previous pregnancy were enrolled in the first trimester. A questionnaire was used to collect clinical and sociodemographic data from the participants, and current body mass index (BMI) was calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511627/short-interpregnancy-intervals-and-associated-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-asians-and-pacific-islanders
#6
Ritchie Mae Mamuad Delara, Erin Madden, Allison S Bryant
PURPOSE: The prevalence of short interpregnancy intervals (IPIs) and associated rates of preterm birth has been understudied in Asian and Pacific Islander populations. We sought to estimate rates of short IPI among Asian subgroups and Pacific Islanders and associated risk of preterm birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this retrospective cohort study, we linked records of women in California with a first birth in 1999-2000 and a second birth before 2005 with hospital discharge data...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487015/macroscopic-and-microscopic-morphology-of-first-trimester-miscarriage-and-subsequent-pregnancy-outcome-an-exploratory-study
#7
Isabelle M A van Gruting, Moira A Müller, Krijn van Groningen, Niek Exalto
INTRODUCTION: Reduced chorionic villous vascularization is associated with first trimester miscarriage and second trimester fetal loss. Differences in villous vascularization have been observed in combination with complications in the third trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether abnormal morphology and reduced chorionic villous vascularization in first trimester miscarriages are associated with an increased risk on adverse outcome and/or pregnancy complications in subsequent pregnancy...
May 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426601/interpregnancy-interval-after-termination-of-pregnancy-and-the-risks-of-adverse-outcomes-in-subsequent-birth
#8
Mitchell D Creinin, James Trussell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410974/short-interpregnancy-intervals-results-from-the-first-baby-study
#9
Lisa M Masinter, Blair Dina, Kristen Kjerulff, Joe Feinglass
BACKGROUND: Short interpregnancy interval (SIPI), defined as 18 months or fewer between delivery and subsequent conception, has become an independent marker of maternal and child health. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of 18 months of data from The First Baby Study, a prospective cohort of women followed from pregnancy through 3 years after their first birth. Women with SIPIs by 6, 6 to 12, and 12 to 18 months were compared with those without conceptions at those times...
April 11, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363608/interpregnancy-interval-and-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-a-record-linkage-study-using-the-manitoba-population-research-data-repository
#10
Helen Coo, Marni D Brownell, Chelsea Ruth, Michael Flavin, Wendy Au, Andrew G Day
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between the interpregnancy interval (IPI) and preterm birth, low birth weight, and SGA birth in a developed country with universal health coverage. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data housed at the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. All live births in Manitoba hospitals over a 29-year period were identified and consecutive births to the same mother were grouped into sibling pairs to calculate the IPI for the younger siblings...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320033/is-the-relationship-between-short-interpregnancy-interval-and-preterm-birth-related-to-a-short-cervix
#11
S Govindappagari, N Zork, A Merriam, C Gyamfi-Bannerman
Objective Our objective was to determine if the relationship between interpregnancy interval (IPI) and preterm delivery was related to cervical shortening. Methods This is a secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study designed to assess the relationship between cervical length (CL) and preterm delivery. Multiparous patients, who had transvaginal CLs obtained at 22 to 24 weeks and complete pregnancy outcome data available were included. The women were divided into two groups: Group 1 with an IPI of ≤ 1 year and Group 2 with an IPI of > 1 year...
July 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263752/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-postpartum-care-and%C3%A2-contraception-in-california-s-medicaid-program
#12
Heike Thiel de Bocanegra, Monica Braughton, Mary Bradsberry, Mike Howell, Julia Logan, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz
BACKGROUND: Considerable racial and ethnic disparities have been identified in maternal and infant health in the United States, and access to postpartum care likely contributes to these disparities. Contraception is an important component of postpartum care that helps women and their families achieve optimal interpregnancy intervals and avoid rapid repeat pregnancies and preterm births. National quality measurements to assess postpartum contraception are being developed and piloted. OBJECTIVE: To assess racial/ethnic variation in receipt of postpartum care and contraception among low-income women in California...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257962/postpartum-contraception-initiation-and-effectiveness-in-a%C3%A2-large-universal-healthcare-system
#13
Michael R Brunson, David A Klein, Cara H Olsen, Larissa F Weir, Timothy A Roberts
BACKGROUND: Repeat pregnancies after a short interpregnancy interval are common and are associated with negative maternal and infant health outcomes. Few studies have examined the relative effectiveness of postpartum contraceptive choices. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the initiation trends and relative effectiveness of postpartum contraceptive methods, with typical use, on prevention of short delivery intervals (≤27 months) among women with access to universal healthcare, including coverage that entails no co-payments and allows unlimited contraceptive method switching...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178065/interpregnancy-interval-and-pregnancy-outcomes-causal-or-not
#14
Mark A Klebanoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178044/interpregnancy-interval-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-an-analysis-of-successive-pregnancies
#15
Gillian E Hanley, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Brooke A Kinniburgh, Lily Lee
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between interpregnancy interval and maternal-neonate health when matching women to their successive pregnancies to control for differences in maternal risk factors and compare these results with traditional unmatched designs. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 38,178 women with three or more deliveries (two or greater interpregnancy intervals) between 2000 and 2015 in British Columbia, Canada. We examined interpregnancy interval (0-5, 6-11, 12-17, 18-23 [reference], 24-59, and 60 months or greater) in relation to neonatal outcomes (preterm birth [less than 37 weeks of gestation], small-for-gestational-age birth [less than the 10th centile], use of neonatal intensive care, low birth weight [less than 2,500 g]) and maternal outcomes (gestational diabetes, beginning the subsequent pregnancy obese [body mass index 30 or greater], and preeclampsia-eclampsia)...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079768/interpregnancy-interval-after-termination-of-pregnancy-and-the-risks-of-adverse-outcomes-in-subsequent-birth
#16
Jaana Männistö, Aini Bloigu, Maarit Mentula, Mika Gissler, Oskari Heikinheimo, Maarit Niinimäki
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the length of the interpregnancy interval after termination of pregnancy influences the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and small-for-gestational-age neonates in a subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: In this register-based study, we included all women (N=19,894) who underwent termination of pregnancy between 2000 and 2009 and whose subsequent pregnancy ended in live singleton delivery. The women were divided into five groups depending on the interpregnancy interval between termination of pregnancy and subsequent conception: interpregnancy interval less than 6 months (n=2,956), 6 to less than 12 months (n=3,203), 12 to less than 18 months (n=2,623), 18 to less than 24 months (n=2,076), and 24 months or greater (n=9,036)...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068486/the-changing-epidemiology-of-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Kristen Lyall, Lisa Croen, Julie Daniels, M Daniele Fallin, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Brian K Lee, Bo Y Park, Nathaniel W Snyder, Diana Schendel, Heather Volk, Gayle C Windham, Craig Newschaffer
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental condition with lifelong impacts. Genetic and environmental factors contribute to ASD etiology, which remains incompletely understood. Research on ASD epidemiology has made significant advances in the past decade. Current prevalence is estimated to be at least 1.5% in developed countries, with recent increases primarily among those without comorbid intellectual disability. Genetic studies have identified a number of rare de novo mutations and gained footing in the areas of polygenic risk, epigenetics, and gene-by-environment interaction...
March 20, 2017: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034653/the-influence-of-interpregnancy-interval-on-infant-mortality
#18
David McKinney, Melissa House, Aimin Chen, Louis Muglia, Emily DeFranco
BACKGROUND: In Ohio, the infant mortality rate is above the national average and the black infant mortality rate is more than twice the white infant mortality rate. Having a short interpregnancy interval has been shown to correlate with preterm birth and low birthweight, but the effect of short interpregnancy interval on infant mortality is less well established. OBJECTIVE: We sought to quantify the population impact of interpregnancy interval on the risk of infant mortality...
March 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031961/fetal-origins-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-the-non-associated-maternal-factors
#19
REVIEW
Hind N Moussa, Anand Srikrishnan, Sean C Blackwell, Pramod Dash, Baha M Sibai
AIM: Several population-based studies have been conducted to determine whether maternal exposures are involved in the pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We review these studies and describe the factors not associated with increased risk for ASD development. METHODS: We identified studies describing associations between maternal exposures and ASD development. These studies include the Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment, Nurses' Health Study II, and the Swedish population registry...
June 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903080/inter-pregnancy-interval-and-adverse-outcomes-evidence-for-an-additional-risk-in-health-disparate-populations
#20
Shyama Appareddy, Jason Pryor, Beth Bailey
OBJECTIVE: Short interpregnancy interval (IPI), <18 months between pregnancies, is a potential cause of adverse delivery and birth outcomes, and may be a particular issue among those with other risks. Our goal was to examine IPI and delivery/infant complications in Tennessee. METHODS: Birth certificate/vital records data included 101,912 women with a previous delivery. IPI groups (<6, 6-12, 12-18, 18-60 months) were compared on outcomes. RESULTS: Thirty-nine percent of the deliveries had IPI <18 months, 9% were <6 months, rates 11% and 27% higher than nationally...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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