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Interpregnancy interval

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143627/conceptualizing-pathways-linking-women-s-empowerment-and-prematurity-in-developing-countries
#1
Patience A Afulani, Molly Altman, Joseph Musana, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: Globally, prematurity is the leading cause of death in children under the age of 5. Many efforts have focused on clinical approaches to improve the survival of premature babies. There is a need, however, to explore psychosocial, sociocultural, economic, and other factors as potential mechanisms to reduce the burden of prematurity. Women's empowerment may be a catalyst for moving the needle in this direction. The goal of this paper is to examine links between women's empowerment and prematurity in developing settings...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138524/effect-of-interpregnancy-interval-on-the-success-rate-of-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean
#2
A L Rietveld, P W Teunissen, B M Kazemier, C J M De Groot
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the association between interpregnancy interval and success of vaginal birth after cesarean. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective 10-year cohort study of pregnant women with one prior cesarean, who opted for trial of labor (n=36 653). Interpregnancy interval is the time between cesarean and next conception. Vaginal birth success rates were compared between six interval groups. Analysis was performed pooled as well as stratified for induction of labor...
November 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112656/interpregnancy-interval-after-pregnancy-loss-and-risk-of-repeat-miscarriage
#3
Alexandra C Sundermann, Katherine E Hartmann, Sarah H Jones, Eric S Torstenson, Digna R Velez Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether interpregnancy interval length after a pregnancy loss is associated with risk of repeat miscarriage. METHODS: This analysis includes pregnant women participating in the Right From the Start (2000-2012) community-based prospective cohort study whose most recent pregnancy before enrollment ended in miscarriage. Interpregnancy interval was defined as the time between a prior miscarriage and the last menstrual period of the study pregnancy...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112654/within-family-analysis-of-interpregnancy-interval-and-adverse-birth-outcomes
#4
Quetzal A Class, Martin E Rickert, Anna S Oberg, Ayesha C Sujan, Catarina Almqvist, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein, Brian M DʼOnofrio
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations among interpregnancy interval, the duration from the preceding birth to the conception of the next-born index child, and adverse birth outcomes using designs that adjust for measured and unmeasured factors. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we used population-based Swedish registries from 1973 to 2009 to estimate the associations between interpregnancy interval (referent 18-23 months) and adverse birth outcomes (ie, preterm birth [less than 37 weeks of gestation], low birth weight [LBW; less than 2,500 g], small for gestational age [SGA; greater than 2 SDs below average weight for gestational age])...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033119/interpregnancy-weight-change-and-adverse-maternal-outcomes-a%C3%A2-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Chelsea Lynes, Alexander C McLain, Edwina H Yeung, Paul Albert, Jihong Liu, Nansi S Boghossian
PURPOSE: Examine associations between interpregnancy body mass index (BMI) change (difference in the pre-pregnancy BMIs of two consecutive pregnancies) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), pre-eclampsia (PE), gestational hypertension (GHtn), primary cesarean delivery, and vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). METHODS: Modified Poisson regression models estimated adjusted associations. RESULTS: Every 1-unit increase in interpregnancy BMI increased risks of GDM (relative risk [RR]: 1...
October 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880736/maternal-determinist-of-term-intrauterine-growth-restriction-iugr-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#6
Walaa Abdrabbo, Abeer M Alrashed
Intrauterine growth restriction was defined as occurring if birth weight of the newborn is below 10(th) percentile for gestational age. We investigated its maternal determinants in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia by comparing 76 cases to 76 controls to aid in early detection, diagnosis and proper prevention. A history of stillbirth, less than three years interpregnancy intervals, experiencing preeclampsia during pregnancy besides gaining less than nine kilograms during term pregnancy would signal a risk of having intrauterine growth restriction babies...
October 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826367/effect-of-pregnancy-interval-on-second-pregnancy-blood-pressure-following-prior-preeclampsia
#7
Lindsay Howe, Erica Hammer, Gary Badger, Ira M Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia generally occurs in first pregnancies and tends not to recur when the interpregnancy interval (IPI) is short. We hypothesized that, in women experiencing preeclampsia in their first pregnancy, the difference in mean arterial pressure (MAP) across pregnancy between their index and subsequent pregnancy would be inversely associated with the length of time between pregnancies and that the interval between pregnancies will be directly associated with the likelihood of preeclampsia recurrence...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764570/short-interpregnancy-interval-increases-the-risk-of-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-and-early-delivery
#8
Raj Shree, Aaron B Caughey, Suchitra Chandrasekaran
OBJECTIVES: Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is a major contributor to overall preterm birth (PTB) rates. A short interpregnancy interval (IPI) is a well-known risk factor for PTB. It is unknown if a short IPI specifically affects the risk of developing PPROM in a subsequent pregnancy. We sought to determine the association between IPI and the risk of PPROM in a subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using the Missouri birth certificate database of singleton births from 2003 to 2013 was conducted...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763446/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-interpregnancy-weight-change-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
L M Sorbye, R Skjaerven, K Klungsoyr, N H Morken
BACKGROUND: Being overweight is an important risk factor for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), but the underlying mechanisms are not understood. Weight change between pregnancies has been suggested to be an independent mechanism behind GDM. We assessed the risk for GDM in second pregnancy by change in Body Mass Index (BMI) from first to second pregnancy and whether BMI and gestational weight gain modified the risk. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In this observational cohort, we included 24,198 mothers and their 2 first pregnancies in data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (2006-2014)...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757407/interpregnancy-interval-and-congenital-anomalies-a-record-linkage-study-using-the-manitoba-population-research-data-repository
#10
Helen Coo, Marni D Brownell, Chelsea Ruth, Michael Flavin, Wendy Au, Andrew G Day
OBJECTIVE: Congenital anomalies are a serious public health issue, and relatively few modifiable risk factors have been identified. Our objective was to investigate one such potential risk factor, the interpregnancy interval (IPI). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data housed at the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. In-hospital live births and stillbirths of at least 20 weeks' gestation were identified, and consecutive births to the same mother were grouped into sibling pairs to calculate the IPI for the younger siblings of each pair...
November 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742654/interpregnancy-interval-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-an-analysis-of-successive-pregnancies
#11
Christine L Roberts, Charles S Algert, Tanya A Nippita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742653/interpregnancy-interval-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-an-analysis-of-successive-pregnancies
#12
Katherine A Ahrens, Marie E Thoma, Lauren M Rossen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742651/interpregnancy-interval-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-an-analysis-of-successive-pregnancies-and-interpregnancy-interval-and-pregnancy-outcomes-causal-or-not
#13
Jonathan A Mayo, Bat Zion Shachar, David K Stevenson, Gary M Shaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705235/burden-and-associated-factors-of-anemia-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-southern-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#14
Weinshet Getahun, Tefera Belachew, Amare Desalegn Wolide
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or their oxygen-carrying capacity is insufficient to meet physiologic needs, which varies by age, sex, altitude, smoking, and pregnancy status. The study aim is to determine the prevalence and factors associated with anemia among pregnant women attending a hospital in southern Ethiopia using a structured interview administered questionnaire. METHODS: Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 01-April 30 2015 at Butajira General Hospital, Ethiopia...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644929/short-interpregnancy-intervals-maternal-folate-levels-and-infants-born-small-for-gestational-age-a-preliminary-study-in-a-canadian-supplement-using-population
#15
Buffy Chen, Prescilla Carrion, Ravneet Grewal, Angela Inglis, Catriona Hippman, Emily Morris, Heather Andrighetti, Arianne Albert, Jehannine Austin
Short interpregnancy intervals (SIPI) have been associated with increased risks for adverse neonatal outcomes including preterm delivery and infants small for gestational age (SGA). It has been suggested that mechanistically, adverse neonatal outcomes after SIPI arise due to insufficient recovery of depleted maternal folate levels prior to the second pregnancy. However, empirical data are lacking regarding physiological folate levels in pregnant women with SIPI and relationships between quantified physiological folate levels and outcomes like SGA...
June 23, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610898/immediate-versus-delayed-postpartum-use-of-levonorgestrel-contraceptive-implants-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-uganda
#16
Sarah Averbach, Othman Kakaire, Herbert Kayiga, Felicia Lester, Abby Sokoloff, Josaphat Byamugisha, Christine Dehlendorf, Jody Steinauer
BACKGROUND: Use of long-acting, highly effective contraception has the potential to improve women's ability to avoid short interpregnancy intervals, which are associated with an increased risk of maternal morbidity and mortality, and preterm delivery. In Uganda, contraceptive implants are not routinely available during the immediate postpartum period. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the proportion of women using levonorgestrel contraceptive implants at 6 months after delivery in women randomized to immediate or delayed insertion...
June 10, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588113/interpregnancy-weight-changes-and-impact-on-pregnancy-outcome-in-a-cohort-of-women-with-a-macrosomic-first-delivery-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#17
David A Crosby, Jennifer M Walsh, Ricardo Segurado, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
OBJECTIVE: To determine the median interpregnancy maternal weight change between first and second pregnancies, and second and third pregnancies and to assess the impact of this weight change on pregnancy outcome in a cohort of women with a macrosomic first delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study conducted over three pregnancies from 2007 to 2015. SETTING: Tertiary referral maternity hospital, Dublin, Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: Women were recruited if their first baby weighed >4...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555840/the-effect-of-interpregnancy-interval-on-obesity-overweight-among-women-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy
#18
Elrazi A Ali, Abdelmageed Almugabil, Ala Salim, Duria A Rayis, Ishag Adam
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of interpregnancy interval (IPI) on obesity/overweight among pregnant Sudanese women in early pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Saad Abu-Alela Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan, from January to December 2015. Women with a singleton pregnancy and at least one previous pregnancy were enrolled in the first trimester. A questionnaire was used to collect clinical and sociodemographic data from the participants, and current body mass index (BMI) was calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511627/short-interpregnancy-intervals-and-associated-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-asians-and-pacific-islanders
#19
Ritchie Mae Mamuad Delara, Erin Madden, Allison S Bryant
PURPOSE: The prevalence of short interpregnancy intervals (IPIs) and associated rates of preterm birth has been understudied in Asian and Pacific Islander populations. We sought to estimate rates of short IPI among Asian subgroups and Pacific Islanders and associated risk of preterm birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this retrospective cohort study, we linked records of women in California with a first birth in 1999-2000 and a second birth before 2005 with hospital discharge data...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487015/macroscopic-and-microscopic-morphology-of-first-trimester-miscarriage-and-subsequent-pregnancy-outcome-an-exploratory-study
#20
Isabelle M A van Gruting, Moira A Müller, Krijn van Groningen, Niek Exalto
INTRODUCTION: Reduced chorionic villous vascularization is associated with first trimester miscarriage and second trimester fetal loss. Differences in villous vascularization have been observed in combination with complications in the third trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether abnormal morphology and reduced chorionic villous vascularization in first trimester miscarriages are associated with an increased risk on adverse outcome and/or pregnancy complications in subsequent pregnancy...
May 2017: Placenta
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