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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508663/-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-in-polymyalgia-rheumatica-a-pictorial-review
#1
Zdenek Rehak, Andrea Sprlakova-Pukova, Tomas Kazda, Zdenek Fojtik, Lenka Vargova, Petr Nemec
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is one of the inflammatory rheumatic diseases that can potentially be detected by PET/CT. High (18)F-FDG accumulation around the shoulders, sternoclavicular and hip joints are the most common pre-treatment features of PMR patients. Another common sign is increased (18)F-FDG uptake in extraarticular regions between columnal spinous processes, near ischial tuberosities and in the praepubic area. Some patients also present with high (18)F-FDG uptake in main arteries, corresponding to the characteristics of giant cell arteritis...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439164/use-of-t-m-j-disc-as-a-soft-tissue-interpositional-graft-material-for-functional-rehabilitation-of-ankylosed-t-m-joint
#2
Ravinder Singh Bedi, Upasana Khemka, Jaipal Singh, Manoj Yadav, Pratibha Singh
INTRODUCTION: Many surgical techniques have been described for the treatment of TMJ ankylosis, but no strategy has been uniformly agreed upon underscoring the difficulty of the problem. Despite new guidelines and updated methods, treating patients with TMJ Ankylosis remains a challenge as the incidence of recurrence after treatment is soaring. This study exemplifies our experience in using an unsullied method to treat TMJ Ankylosis to restore the structure of TMJ in conjunction with convalescing secondary maxillofacial deformity...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410886/the-autogenous-graft-versus-transport-distraction-osteogenesis-for-reconstruction-of-the-ramus-condyle-unit-a-prospective-comparative-study
#3
S Kohli, S Mohanty, S Singh, Sandeep, J Dabas, R Patel
This study aimed to compare the joint function and morphology achieved following condylar reconstruction using sternoclavicular grafts (SCG) versus transport distraction osteogenesis (TDO) in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis patients. Twenty-two patients with TMJ ankylosis underwent TMJ reconstruction with SCG or TDO (n=11 each). Radiographic and clinical evaluations were performed at 1 week and at 1, 3, and 6 months post-surgery. Clinical criteria examined included the duration of surgery, mean postoperative mouth opening, excursive jaw movements, and pain scores...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406877/scapulothoracic-dissociation-evaluation-and-management
#4
Andrew M Choo, Patrick C Schottel, Andrew R Burgess
Scapulothoracic dissociation is a rare, potentially limb- and life-threatening injury of the shoulder girdle. The injury is characterized by lateral displacement of the scapula resulting from traumatic disruption of the scapulothoracic articulation. The typical physical examination findings consist of substantial swelling of the shoulder girdle, along with weakness, numbness, and pulselessness in the ipsilateral upper extremity. Radiographic evaluation includes measurement of the scapular index on a nonrotated chest radiograph and assessment for either a distracted clavicle fracture or a disrupted acromioclavicular or sternoclavicular joint...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381745/an-autopsy-case-of-intimal-sarcoma-of-the-abdominal-aorta-with-bone-metastasis-and-lymph-node-metastasis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-japanese-literature
#5
Masamichi Ueda, Yuko Takeuchi, Jun Ochiai, Chiyuki Mabuchi, Nobuko Ujihira
A 73-year-old man complained of sternoclavicular joint pain; blood tests revealed elevated C-reactive protein. The patient developed delirium; magnetic resonance imaging showed metastatic bone tumors. He died two weeks after admission. Autopsy revealed abdominal aortic intimal sarcoma with metastasis to the peritracheal lymph nodes and sternum. Peripheral arterial embolism and bone metastasis are common symptoms of aortic intimal sarcoma, which implies a place for aortic intimal sarcoma in differential diagnoses of embolism or bone tumors of unknown origin...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363376/acute-chest-wall-infections-surgical-site-infections-necrotizing-soft-tissue-infections-and-sternoclavicular-joint-infection
#6
REVIEW
Paul Schipper, Brandon H Tieu
Acute chest wall infections are uncommon and share similar risk factors for infection at other surgical sites. Smoking cessation has been shown to decrease the risk of surgical site infection. Depending on the depth of infection and/or involvement of the organ space, adequate therapy involves antibiotics and drainage. Early diagnosis and debridement of necrotizing soft tissue infections is essential to reduce mortality. Sternoclavicular joint infections require surgical debridement, en bloc resection, and antibiotic therapy...
May 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265227/pet-ct-imaging-in-polymyalgia-rheumatica-praepubic-18-f-fdg-uptake-correlates-with-pectineus-and-adductor-longus-muscles-enthesitis-and-with-tenosynovitis
#7
Zdenek Rehak, Andrea Sprlakova-Pukova, Zbynek Bortlicek, Zdenek Fojtik, Tomas Kazda, Marek Joukal, Renata Koukalova, Jiri Vasina, Jana Eremiasova, Petr Nemec
BACKGROUND: The role of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) is increasing in the diagnosis of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), one of the most common inflammatory rheumatic diseases. In addition to other locations, increased (18)F-FDG accumulation has been detected in the praepubic region in some patients. However, a deeper description and pathophysiological explanation of this increased praepubic accumulation has been lacking. The aim of the presented study is to confirm a decrease in praepubic (18)F-FDG accumulation in response to therapy and to describe potential correlations to other (18)F-FDG PET/CT scan characteristics during the course of disease...
March 1, 2017: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264709/a-rare-presentation-of-myxofibrosarcoma-as-a-pancoast-tumor-a-case-report
#8
Vasa Jevremovic, Adnan Yousuf, Zulfiqar Hussain, Amer Abboud, Edgar G Chedrawy
BACKGROUND: Myxofibrosarcoma is an aggressive soft tissue neoplasm, classified as a variant of malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Most often, it occurs in middle to late adult life peaking in the seventh decade and involving the lower extremities (77%), trunk (12%), and retroperitoneum or mediastinum (8%). We report the first case of thoracic myxofibrosarcoma presenting as a Pancoast tumor. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48-year-old non-tobacco smoking African-American man presented with a slow-growing mass in his neck along with 11 kg weight loss over 9 months...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239769/clinical-manifestations-treatment-outcomes-and-risk-factors-for-sternoclavicular-septic-arthritis
#9
Muchima Rodchuae, Chonlada Ruangpin, Wanruchada Katchamart
Septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) is an atypical and rarely seen clinical condition. The prognosis for patients with SCJ septic arthritis is often poor. The objective of this study was to compare clinical characteristics between SCJ and non-sternoclavicular joint (NSCJ) septic arthritis and to identify independent risk factors for SCJ septic arthritis. A total of 450 adult patients diagnosed with septic arthritis during the January 2002 to December 2013 study period were included in this retrospective cohort study...
May 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211287/efficacy-analysis-of-a-novel-sternoclavicular-hook-plate-for-treatment-of-unstable-sternoclavicular-joint-dislocation-or-fracture
#10
Chuanyi Zhang, Lie Lin, Junbo Liang, Bin Wang, Guofu Chen, Haixiao Chen
PURPOSE: Sternoclavicular joint is an amphiarthrodial joint formed by the clavicle and sternal manubrium. This joint becomes chronically unstable in case of a medial clavicle dislocation or fracture, and improper treatment could cause malformation and pain. We aimed to determine the efficacy of a novel sternoclavicular hook plate for treatment of unstable sternoclavicular joint dislocation or fracture. METHODS: Between June 2011 and December 2013, the sternoclavicular hook plate was used to surgically treat 32 adult patients with unstable sternoclavicular joint dislocation or fracture...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174189/sternal-stress-fracture-in-a-middle-aged-woman
#11
Justin Lee, Karl Bertrand Fields
A middle-aged premenopausal woman presented with 3 months of right chest wall pain after beginning a new weight training programme. Examination was significant only for mild-to-moderate tenderness to palpation over the right pectoral muscle and sternoclavicular joint. In-office musculoskeletal ultrasound scan, chest X-ray and shoulder X-rays were unremarkable. Subsequent MRI of the chest wall showed oedema in the sternum at the level of the sternoclavicular joint consistent with a sternal stress fracture...
February 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119772/fluoroscopy-guided-intra-articular-steroid-injection-for-sternoclavicular-joint-arthritis-secondary-to-limited-cutaneous-systemic-sclerosis-a-case-report
#12
Savas Sencan, Emel Güler, Isa Cüce, Kemal Erol
We report a case of fluoroscopy-guided intraarticular steroid injection for sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) arthritis caused by limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (SSc). A 50-year-old woman diagnosed with limited cutaneous SSc presented with swelling and pain in the right SCJ. MRI revealed signs of inflammation consistent with right-sided sternoclavicular joint arthritis. After the failure of oral medications, we performed fluoroscopy-guided injection in this region. She reported complete resolution of her symptoms at 4 and 12-week follow-ups...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110364/repair-of-sternoclavicular-joint-dislocations-with-fiberwire-%C3%A2
#13
Stefan Adamcik, Markus Ahler, Konstantinos Gioutsos, Ralph A Schmid, Gregor J Kocher
PURPOSE: Up to 50% of traumatic sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) dislocations need open reduction and fixation to prevent long-term complications and complaints. We present our preferred surgical approach for acute as well as chronic SCJ dislocations, including their outcome. METHODS: Five consecutive male patients with a median age of 27 (range 20-49) were treated for traumatic anterior (n = 2) or posterior (n = 3) SCJ dislocation. Open reduction and surgical fixation were achieved by a modified figure-of-eight sutures using Fiberwire(®)...
March 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100525/transoesophageal-echocardiographic-evaluation-of-central-venous-catheter-positioning-using-peres-formula-or-a-radiological-landmark-based-approach-a-prospective-randomized-single-centre-study
#14
J H Ahn, I S Kim, J H Yang, I G Lee, D H Seo, S P Kim
BACKGROUND: The lower superior vena cava (SVC), near its junction with the right atrium (RA), is considered the ideal location for the central venous catheter tip to ensure proper function and prevent injuries. We determined catheter insertion depth with a new formula using the sternoclavicular joint and the carina as radiological landmarks, with a 1.5 cm safety margin. The accuracy of tip positioning with the radiological landmark-based technique (R) and Peres' formula (P) was compared using transoesophageal echocardiography...
February 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087089/point-of-care-ultrasound-diagnosis-of-posterior-sternoclavicular-joint-dislocation
#15
Rachel R Bengtzen, Ryan C Petering
BACKGROUND: Posterior sternoclavicular dislocations can be challenging diagnostically, as traumatic force often happens to the lateral shoulder rather than directly to the sternoclavicular joint. Shoulder radiographs do not illustrate the sternoclavicular joint well, and can miss the diagnosis. This injury, however, has the potential for life-threatening complications due to proximity of mediastinal structures that might also be injured. CASE REPORT: The following case illustrates a delayed diagnosis of posterior sternoclavicular dislocation...
April 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072711/the-coexistence-of-sapho-syndrome-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-report
#16
Wenrui Xu, Chen Li, Weihong Zhang
RATIONAL: SAPHO (Synovitis-Acne-Pustulosis-Hyperstosis-Osteitis) syndrome is a rare disease featured by its dermatological and osteoarthritic disorders, the latter of which mainly affecting the anterior chest wall, spine, and sacroiliac joint. However, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease, mainly affecting the synovial tissue of small joints in hands and feet. Here, we present an extremely rare case diagnosed with both SAPHO syndrome and RA, with an onset interval of 10 years...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060551/scleritis-associated-with-sapho-syndrome-a-case-report
#17
Rie Tanaka, Keiichi Sakurai, Toshikatsu Kaburaki
A 31-year-old woman developed bilateral painful red eyes. A slit-lamp examination revealed anterior diffuse scleritis. She had been diagnosed with palmoplantar pustulosis 2 years before. Further evaluation revealed hyperostosis of the sacroiliac joint and inflammation of the bilateral sternoclavicular joints and right sternocostal joint. Ultimately, she was diagnosed with SAPHO syndrome by rheumatologists after excluding other causative diseases. Scleritis associated with SAPHO syndrome is relatively uncommon...
January 6, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993538/sapho-syndrome-in-childhood-a-case-report
#18
Manuel Vargas Pérez, Belén Sevilla Pérez
The acronym of SAPHO syndrome (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis) combines a cluster of cutaneous and musculoskeletal manifestations, such as hyperostosis of bones of the anterior chest wall associated with acne fulminans and hidradenitis suppurativa. There are no validated diagnostic criteria in children. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are not always sufficient, and the use of corticosteroids, disease-modifying agents, tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors or bisphosphonates may be necessary...
December 16, 2016: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939038/novel-technique-for-harvesting-the-sternoclavicular-graft
#19
Sujata Mohanty, Sanchaita Kohli, Jitender Dabas, Chandravir Singh
PURPOSE: Originally introduced for mandibular reconstruction more than 40 years ago, the sternoclavicular graft (SCG) has gained widespread popularity for the reconstruction of the ramus-condyle unit (RCU) owing to its anatomic and histological likeness to the normal mandibular condyle. Conventional longitudinal osteotomy design for its harvest has been fraught with considerable complications at the donor site including fracture clavicle and major neurovascular injury. In an attempt to alleviate these ill effects, a new technique for procuring the sternoclavicular graft is presented...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884200/a-three-stage-procedure-using-bone-transportation-for-the-treatment-of-sternoclavicular-infectious-arthritis
#20
Hua Chen, Xinran Ji, Ming Hao, Qun Zhang, Peifu Tang
BACKGROUND: Sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) infectious arthritis is a rare disease. A standard treatment for SCJ infection has not been established. This study aimed to assess the clinical outcomes of a three-stage procedure with bone transportation (BT) for treating SCJ infectious arthritis. METHODS: Six patients (mean age 39.5 years) with chronic SCJ infectious arthritis were included in the study. The patients underwent a three-stage treatment between January 2009 and December 2012, and results were analyzed retrospectively...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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