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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764530/influence-of-maternal-adiposity-preterm-birth-and-birth-weight-centiles-on-early-childhood-obesity-in-an-indigenous-australian-pregnancy-through-to-early-childhood-cohort-study
#1
K G Pringle, Y Q Lee, L Weatherall, L Keogh, C Diehm, C T Roberts, S Eades, A Brown, R Smith, E R Lumbers, L J Brown, C E Collins, K M Rae
Childhood obesity rates are higher among Indigenous compared with non-Indigenous Australian children. It has been hypothesized that early-life influences beginning with the intrauterine environment predict the development of obesity in the offspring. The aim of this paper was to assess, in 227 mother-child dyads from the Gomeroi gaaynggal cohort, associations between prematurity, Gestation Related-Optimal Weight (GROW) centiles, maternal adiposity (percentage body fat, visceral fat area), maternal non-fasting plasma glucose levels (measured at mean gestational age of 23...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732036/effect-of-long-term-low-dose-prednisolone-administration-on-bone-mineral-density-relating-to-non-compliant-women-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
Behzad Heidari, Parnaz Heidari, Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki, Mohammad Ali Bayani, Mansour Babaei
Background: Long-term treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with prednisolone (PRED) is associated with bone mineral density (BMD) loss. This study aimed to determine the status of BMD in non-compliant women who used PRED alone for RA. Methods: Non-adherent RA taking < 7.5 mg daily PRED without DMARDs for > 6 months, and RA patients taking methotrexate +PRED (RA control) were compared with age-matched non-RA controls. BMD was measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) method and osteoporosis (OP) was diagnosed by WHO criteria...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728432/ureterosciatic-hernia-treated-with-ureteral-stent-placement
#3
Yusuke Nakazawa, Nobuyo Morita, Ippei Chikazawa, Katsuhito Miyazawa
A 92-year-old female with a history of asthma and chronic heart failure presented with left lumber back pain. Physical examination revealed knocking tenderness at the left costal-vertebral angle. Laboratory test results were within normal limits. Abdominal CT showed a left hydroureteronephrosis and an obstruction in the left distal ureter with herniation into the sciatic foramen. A ureteral stent was inserted into the left ureter and was removed after 2 months. She has not complained of pain or showed symptoms since the removal...
May 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699906/comparisons-of-direct-costs-outcomes-and-cost-utility-of-decompression-surgery-with-fusion-versus-decompression-alone-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#4
Mitsuru Yagi, Nobuyuki Fujita, Eijiro Okada, Osahiko Tsuji, Narihito Nagoshi, Takashi Tsuji, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Cost-utility analysis of surgery for degenerative lumber spondylolisthesis (DS) is essential for healthcare providers and patients to select appropriate treatment. The purpose of this study was to review the cost-utility of decompression alone versus decompression with fusion for DS. METHODS: A retrospective review of 99 consecutive patients who were treated for Meyerding grade 1 DS at two representative spine centers was performed. Patients with significant spinal instability were treated by decompression with fusion (F group, 40 patients); all others were treated by decompression surgery alone (D group, 59 patients)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674190/urinary-angiotensinogen-excretion-in-australian-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-pregnant-women
#5
Kirsty G Pringle, Celine Corbisier de Meaultsart, Shane D Sykes, Loretta J Weatherall, Lyniece Keogh, Don C Clausen, Gus A Dekker, Roger Smith, Claire T Roberts, Kym M Rae, Eugenie R Lumbers
The intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (iRAS) is implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension, chronic kidney disease and diabetic nephropathy. Urinary angiotensinogen (uAGT) levels reflect the activity of the iRAS and are altered in women with preeclampsia. Since Indigenous Australians suffer high rates and early onset of renal disease, we hypothesised that Indigenous Australian pregnant women, like non-Indigenous women with pregnancy complications, would have altered uAGT levels. The excretion of RAS proteins was measured in non-Indigenous and Indigenous Australian women with uncomplicated or complicated pregnancies (preeclampsia, diabetes/gestational diabetes, proteinuria/albuminuria, hypertension, small/large for gestational age, preterm birth), and in non-pregnant non-Indigenous women...
April 11, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626726/identification-and-evolution-of-olfactory-genes-in-the-small-poplar-longhorn-beetle-saperda-populnea
#6
Yinliang Wang, Jian Zhang, Qi Chen, Hanbo Zhao, Jiatong Wang, Ming Wen, Jinghui Xi, Bingzhong Ren
Saperda populnea is a serious pest of poplar and willow trees in the Palaearctic region, causing extensive damage to forests and the lumber industry. Until recently, there is no safe and effective chemical method to control this pest due to the lack of sufficient knowledge on the molecular basis of its olfactory genes, moreover, the evolutionary history of the olfactory gene family in subfamily Lamiinae is still fully unknown. Our RNA sequencing of the antennae of S. populnea identified 43 odorant binding proteins (OBPs), 15 chemosensory proteins (CSPs), 56 odorant receptors (ORs) and 24 inotropic receptors (IRs) in S...
March 21, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614670/consent-to-medical-procedures-of-patients-with-neurodegenerative-diseases-a-comparative-study-of-legal-regulations-in-selected-european-countries-and-in-the-united-states
#7
Ewa M Guzik-Makaruk, Emil W Plywaczewski, Piotr Mroczko, Magda Olesiuk-Okomska, Agnieszka Kulczyńska-Przybik
According to the projections of the statistical office of the European Union, Eurostat, nearly one third of EU citizens will be at least 65 in 2060. The U.S. population age 65 and older continues to increase and is projected to nearly double from 48 million to 88 million by 2050. Elderly people are especially exposed to neurodegenerative diseases (NDs). The most common ND is Alzheimer's disease (AD), a chronic and progressive disorder with a variety of pathological changes within neuronal tissue, which begin even 10-15 years before the onset of cognitive impairment symptoms...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607913/eldecalcitol-increases-bone-mass-in-patients-with-turner-syndrome-who-have-insufficient-bone-mass-acquisition-after-estrogen-replacement-therapy
#8
Taku Tsuburai, Tomomi Nakamura, Hiromi Yoshikata, Etsuko Miyagi, Hideya Sakakibara
Most patients with Turner syndrome (TS) exhibit amenorrhea due to premature ovarian failure. Therefore, estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) is required; however, even after undergoing ERT, it is not rare for bone mass acquisition to be insufficient. This study was conducted in two stages, involving a cross-sectional and a prospective interventional study. We recruited 52 TS patients undergoing ERT due to amenorrhea (categorized into low (LB group; n = 23), and normal (NB group; n = 29) bone mass groups) and 7 TS patients who maintained ovarian function (spontaneous menstrual cycle group (MC group)) as controls...
March 31, 2018: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587599/pathological-and-clinical-pathological-changes-induced-by-four-week-repeated-dose-oral-administration-of-the-wood-preservative-chromated-copper-arsenate-in-wistar-rats
#9
Naofumi Takahashi, Toshinori Yoshida, Sayuri Kojima, Satoru Yamaguchi, Ryoichi Ohtsuka, Makio Takeda, Tadashi Kosaka, Takanori Harada
Chromated copper arsenate (CCA) is used as a wood preservative worldwide. Exposure to it may adversely affect human health. Some events have increased human exposure to CCA, including the Great East Japan Earthquake, which generated a large amount of lumber debris from CCA-treated woods. We elucidated the toxicity due to daily exposure to CCA over a 4-week period at doses of 0, 8, 40, and 80 mg/kg/day in Wistar Hannover rats. Chromium (Cr) and arsenic (As), but not copper, were detected in the plasma samples of rats treated with various doses of CCA...
January 1, 2018: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584732/wood-boring-beetles-associated-with-acacia-xanthophloea-in-nairobi-and-machakos-counties-kenya
#10
Ruth Kahuthia-Gathu, Duncan Kirubi Thungu, Lucy Wangu, Rachael Kimani
Naivasha thorn tree, Acacia xanthophloea, is grown for foliage, timber, shade and rehabilitation of soils in areas with high water tables in Kenya. Its production is threatened by insect pests, which cause major losses. Very little is documented on wood-boring beetles which cause considerable economic damage to lumber used in a variety of applications, and little is known about their natural enemies in Kenya. We conducted the study to evaluate the occurrence of wood-boring beetles on A. xanthophloea in two different regions of Kenya...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575152/assessing-the-release-of-copper-from-nanocopper-treated-and-conventional-copper-treated-lumber-into-marine-waters-1-concentrations-and-rates
#11
Ashley N Parks, Mark G Cantwell, David R Katz, Michaela A Cashman, Todd P Luxton, Kay T Ho, Robert M Burgess
Little is known about the release of metal engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) from consumer goods including lumber treated with micronized copper. Micronized copper is a recent form of anti-fouling wood preservative containing nano-sized copper particles for use in pressure treated lumber. This study investigated the concentrations released and release rate of total copper over 133 days under freshwater, estuarine, and marine salinity conditions (0, 1, 10, and 30‰) for several commercially available pressure treated lumbers: micronized copper azole (MCA) at 0...
March 25, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575127/assessing-the-release-of-copper-from-nanocopper-treated-and-conventional-copper-treated-lumber-into-marine-waters-2-forms-and-bioavailability
#12
Ashley N Parks, Mark G Cantwell, David R Katz, Michaela A Cashman, Todd P Luxton, Justin G Clar, Monique M Perron, Lisa Portis, Kay T Ho, Robert M Burgess
One application of nanocopper is as a wood-preserving pesticide in pressure treated lumber. Recent research has shown that pressure treated lumber amended with micronized copper azole (MCA), which contains nano-sized copper, releases copper under estuarine and marine conditions. The form of copper released (i.e., ionic, nanocopper (1 to 100 nm in size)) is not fully understood but will affect the bioavailability and toxicity of the metal. In this investigation, multiple lines of evidence, including size fractionation, ion selective electrode (ISE) electrochemistry, comparative toxicity, and copper speciation were used to determine the form of copper released from lumber blocks and sawdust...
March 25, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561680/pressure-ulcer-prevention-heels-at-a-glance
#13
Melanie Lumbers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561679/selecting-appropriate-postoperative-dressings-to-support-wound-healing-and-reduce-surgical-site-infection
#14
Melanie Lumbers
The appropriate choice of postoperative dressing supports effective wound healing by providing a moist wound environment and reducing the risk of surgical site infection and blistering. Wound management is complex and practitioners need to consider the location of the wound, method of wound closure, expected exudate level and length of time the dressing needs to remain in place when selecting a product. The correct dressing selection will have a positive impact wound healing and the patient's quality of life...
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541620/longitudinal-ct-study-of-sarcopenia-due-to-hepatic-failure-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#15
Takahiro Onuma, Tamotsu Kamishima, Tsuyoshi Shimamura, Norio Kawamura, Kenichiro Yamashita, Kenneth Sutherland, Hiroshi Takeda
Background: The quantity and quality of skeletal muscle have been observed to be closely related with post-transplantation mortality in patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). However, the effect of LDLT on skeletal muscle has not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the change of trunk muscle mass and adiposity in recipients of LDLT. Methods: The study population included LDLT recipients at Hokkaido University Hospital who underwent pre- and post-operative computed tomography (CT) scans (31 recipients; 14 males, and 17 females)...
February 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540235/development-and-evaluation-of-a-passive-trunk-support-system-for-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-patients
#16
Mohammad Nauzef Mahmood, Laura H C Peeters, Micha Paalman, Gijsbertus J Verkerke, Idsart Kingma, Jaap H van Dieën
BACKGROUND: Patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy gradually lose the ability to use different muscles of their body. Consequently, they lose the ability to stabilize their trunk against gravity. This hinders them to effectively perform different daily activities. In this paper, we describe the design, realization and evaluation of a trunk orthosis for these patients that should allow them to move their trunk and maintain stability. METHOD: This study aimed to primarily assess the effectiveness of the trunk support system in terms of unloading of trunk muscles, so only healthy participants were recruited for this phase of the study...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529630/can-aortic-balloon-occlusion-reduce-blood-loss-during-resection-of-sacral-tumors-that-extend-into-the-lower-lumber-spine
#17
Yidan Zhang, Wei Guo, Xiaodong Tang, Rongli Yang, Taiqiang Yan, Sen Dong, Shidong Wang, Nikolas Zaphiros
BACKGROUND: Although aortic balloon occlusion has been shown to reduce blood loss during sacral tumor resections, it has not been validated in larger sacral tumors involving the lower lumbar spine. If such an approach were shown to be associated with less blood loss, it might aid the tumor surgeon in resecting these difficult tumors. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is the use of aortic balloon occlusion associated with reduced blood loss in sacral tumor resections when the lower lumbar spine is also involved? (2) Does the use of the aortic balloon prolong total operating time? (3) What complications are associated with the use of a balloon? METHODS: We retrospectively studied all 56 patients diagnosed with sacral tumors involving the lower lumbar spine (L4, L5) who were treated surgically between 2004 and 2015 at our institute...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520506/effects-of-denosumab-on-bone-mineral-density-in-japanese-women-with-osteoporosis-treated-with-aromatase-inhibitors-for-breast-cancer
#18
Katsuhiko Nakatsukasa, Hiroshi Koyama, Yoshimi Ouchi, Kouichi Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi Fujita, Takayuki Matsuda, Makoto Kato, Eiichi Konishi, Tetsuya Taguchi
Adjuvant aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy, for hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, in postmenopausal women is associated with bone loss, leading to an increased risk of fractures. Denosumab, an antibody raised against the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand, has been proven to protect against AI-induced bone loss. Hence, we aimed to determine whether denosumab is effective in postmenopausal Japanese women with osteoporosis, treated with AI. We prospectively evaluated the bone mineral density (BMD) in the lumbar spine and the bilateral femoral neck in 102 postmenopausal women with clinical hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, stages I-IIIA, during a postoperative period of 12 months...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500630/extra-uterine-development-of-preterm-kidneys
#19
Yogavijayan Kandasamy, Donna Rudd, Roger Smith, Eugenie R Lumbers, Ian Mr Wright
OBJECTIVE: We carried out a study to determine the impact of prematurity on renal development. The primary outcomes measured were nephrinuria and albuminuria; renal volume and glomerular filtration rate were the secondary outcomes. METHODS: Preterm neonates born at less than 28 weeks of gestation, with birth weight between 10th and 90th centile (appropriate for gestational age), were recruited and underwent assessments at 28, 32 and 37 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA)...
June 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481978/novel-mutation-in-a-family-with-wnt1-related-osteoporosis
#20
Inusha Panigrahi, Siyaram Didel, Harita Kirpal, Ravishankara Bellampalli, Shabna Miyanath, Nandita Mullapudi, Sudha Rao
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited disorder with osteoporosis and recurrent fractures. Children presenting with recurrent fractures and bowing of limbs have severe form of the disorder. Patients carrying homozygous WNT1 mutations have more frequent fractures while heterozygous carriers of the mutation in WNT1 gene are also found to have early onset osteoporosis. We identified a family with novel WNT1 mutation. The index case, a 6 month old child presented with fractures from early infancy. Next generation sequencing (NGS)done for the child didn't show any variations in other OI genes including COL1A1, COL1A2, SERPINH1, CRTAP, LEPRE1, PP1B, 1F1TM5 and BMP1 genes...
February 23, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
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