keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Paediatric respiratory infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767829/homeopathy-in-the-age-of-antimicrobial-resistance-is-it-a-viable-treatment-for-upper-respiratory-tract-infections
#1
Alison Fixsen
BACKGROUND:  Acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) and their complications are the most frequent cause of antibiotic prescribing in primary care. With multi-resistant organisms proliferating, appropriate alternative treatments to these conditions are urgently required. Homeopathy presents one solution; however, there are many methods of homeopathic prescribing. This review of the literature considers firstly whether homeopathy offers a viable alternative therapeutic solution for acute URTIs and their complications, and secondly how such homeopathic intervention might take place...
May 2018: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755754/-chlamydia-pneumoniae-induced-tumour-necrosis-factor-alpha-responses-are-lower-in-children-with-asthma-compared-with-non-asthma
#2
Tamar Anne Smith-Norowitz, Kobkul Chotikanatis, Diana Weaver, Jared Ditkowsky, Yitzchok Meir Norowitz, Margaret R Hammerschlag, Rauno Joks, Stephan Kohlhoff
Introduction: Chlamydia pneumoniae respiratory tract infection has been implicated in the pathogenesis of reactive airway disease and asthma. Innate cytokine responses that are protective of infection with intracellular pathogens may be impaired in patients with asthma. Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a cytokine related to functions of monocytes and may inhibit C. pneumoniae infection. We investigated TNF-α responses in C. pneumoniae -infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients with asthma and non-asthma, and whether ciprofloxacin, azithromycin or doxycycline affects TNF-α responses...
2018: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754411/a-case-study-of-nurse-practitioner-care-compared-to-general-practitioner-care-for-children-with-respiratory-tract-infections
#3
Saskia F van Vugt, Alma C van de Pol, Frits G W Cleveringa, Rebecca K Stellato, Marieke P Kappers, Niek J de Wit, Roger A M J Damoiseaux
AIM: To compare quality of care provided by nurse practitioners with care provided by general practitioners for children with respiratory tract infections in the Netherlands. BACKGROUND: Nurse practitioners increasingly manage acute conditions in general practice, with opportunities for more protocolled care. Studies on quality of nurse practitioners' care for children with respiratory tract infections are limited to the US health care system and do not take into account baseline differences in illness severity...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749357/-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-a-significant-but-underrated-pathogen-in-paediatric-community-acquired-lower-respiratory-tract-infections
#4
REVIEW
Surinder Kumar
Lower respiratory tract infections are considered a common cause responsible for morbidity and mortality among children, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae is identified to be responsible for up to 40 per cent of community-acquired pneumonia in children greater than five years of age. Extrapulmonary manifestations have been reported either due to spread of infection or autoimmune mechanisms. Infection by M. pneumoniae has high incidence and clinical importance but is still an underrated disease. Most widely used serologic methods are enzyme immunoassays for detection of immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgG and IgA antibodies to M...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743330/protocol-for-a-randomised-trial-of-higher-versus-lower-intensity-patient-provider-communication-interventions-to-reduce-antibiotic-misuse-in-two-paediatric-ambulatory-clinics-in-the-usa
#5
Kathy Goggin, Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Angela L Myers, Brian R Lee, Emily A Hurley, Kirsten B Delay, Sarah Schlachter, Areli Ramphal, Kimberly Pina, David Yu, Kirsten Weltmer, Sebastian Linnemayr, Christopher C Butler, Jason G Newland
INTRODUCTION: Children with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are prescribed up to 11.4 million unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions annually. Inadequate parent-provider communication is a chief contributor, yet efforts to reduce overprescribing have only indirectly targeted communication or been impractical. This paper describes our multisite, parallel group, cluster randomised trial comparing two feasible interventions for enhancing parent-provider communication on the rate of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing (primary outcome) and revisits, adverse drug reactions and parent-rated quality of shared decision-making, parent-provider communication and visit satisfaction (secondary outcomes)...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720077/australian-paediatric-surveillance-unit-annual-report-2016
#6
Marie Deverell, Amy Phu, Yvonne Zurynski, Elizabeth Elliott
This report summarises the cases reported to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU) of rare infectious diseases or rare complications of more common infectious diseases in children. During the calendar year 2016, there were approximately 1500 paediatricians reporting to the APSU and the monthly report card return rate was 90%. APSU continued to provide unique national data on the perinatal exposure to HIV, congenital rubella, congenital cytomegalovirus, neonatal and infant herpes simplex virus, and congenital and neonatal varicella...
September 1, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704733/evaluation-of-the-national-laboratory-based-surveillance-system-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-sweden-2015-2016
#7
Heli Harvala, AnnaSara Carnahan, Sarah Axelsson, Maria Brytting
BACKGROUND: Most laboratories use RSV PCR but near-patient tests (NPT) performed at paediatric clinics are believed to be increasingly used. Anonymised data on RSV infections has been collected since 1990 in Sweden. No evaluation of Swedish RSV surveillance or use of laboratory testing had previously been performed. OBJECTIVES: Swedish RSV data and methods used for RSV laboratory testing and reporting were evaluated in order to improve RSV surveillance in a forthcoming vaccine era...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695885/post-earthquake-health-service-support-nepal
#8
Sophie Goyet, Rajan Rayamajhi, Badry Nath Gyawali, Bhola Ram Shrestha, Guna Raj Lohani, Damodar Adhikari, Edwin Salvador, Roderico Ofrin, Jos Vandelaer, Reuben Samuel
Problem: Seven months after the April 2015 Nepal earthquake, and as relief efforts were scaling down, health authorities faced ongoing challenges in health-service provision and disease surveillance reporting. Approach: In January 2016, the World Health Organization recruited and trained 12 Nepalese medical doctors to provide technical assistance to the health authorities in the most affected districts by the earthquake. These emergency support officers monitored the recovery of health services and reconstruction of health facilities, monitored stocks of essential medicines, facilitated disease surveillance reporting to the health ministry and assisted in outbreak investigations...
April 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695022/catheter-related-arterial-thrombosis-in-neonates-and-children-a-systematic-review
#9
Mattia Rizzi, Neil Goldenberg, Mariana Bonduel, Shoshana Revel-Vilk, Ernest Amankwah, Manuela Albisetti
Catheter-related arterial thrombosis (CAT) is increasingly recognized in children. Available data are scarce and based on expert opinions. This systematic review aimed to identify knowledge on paediatric CAT. Among 3,484 publications, 22 met inclusion criteria. Fourteen reported on CAT due to umbilical arterial catheter (UAC), two to extremity indwelling catheter (EIC), one to both and five to cardiac catheter (CC). The overall cumulative incidence of CAT was 21% (95% confidence interval [CI], 13-31) with a relative incidence of 20% (95% CI, 10-33) for UAC and 11% (95% CI, 3-21) for CC-related CAT...
April 25, 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688024/reduced-nasal-viral-load-and-ifn-responses-in-infants-with-rsv-bronchiolitis-and-respiratory-failure
#10
Ryan S Thwaites, Matthew Coates, Kazuhiro Ito, Marwa Ghazaly, Calandra Feather, Farhana Abdulla, Tanushree Tunstall, Pooja Jain, Lindsey Cass, Garth Rapeport, Trevor T Hansel, Simon Nadel, Peter J Openshaw
RATIONALE: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in infancy. Severe disease is thought to result from uncontrolled viral replication, an excessive immune response, or both. OBJECTIVES: To determine RSV load and immune mediator levels in nasal mucosal lining fluid by serial sampling of nasal fluids from cases of moderate and severe bronchiolitis over the course of infection. METHODS: Infants with viral bronchiolitis necessitating admission (n=55) were recruited from a paediatric centre during 2016/17...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659884/results-from-the-survey-of-antibiotic-resistance-soar-2014-16-in-greece
#11
D Torumkuney, J Papaparaskevas, I Morrissey
Objectives: To determine antimicrobial susceptibility in isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae collected in 2014-16 from patients with community-acquired respiratory tract infections in Greece. Methods: MICs were determined by CLSI broth microdilution and susceptibility assessed using CLSI, EUCAST and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) breakpoints. Results: A total of 99 S. pneumoniae and 52 H. influenzae isolates were collected...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629979/pulmonary-aspiration-only-increases-the-risk-of-right-sided-pneumonia-in-children-comparison-of-salivagrams-and-chest-radiographs
#12
Ha Wu, Xiaofei Zhao
PURPOSE: A salivagram is often used to detect pulmonary aspiration, whereas chest radiography is often used to diagnose pneumonia. This study analysed the relationship between pulmonary aspiration and aspiration pneumonia in children, and the differences between lungs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The salivagram and chest radiography results of 696 children (466 boys and 230 girls; aged 1-54 months; mean age, 4.7 months; median age, 3 months) diagnosed with respiratory tract infections between December 2013 and June 2017 were retrospectively analysed...
April 6, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621946/congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation-mimicking-as-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-five-paediatric-patients-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#13
Jasbir Singh, Poonam Dalal, Kamal Nain Rattan
A series of five children with delayed presentation of congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), all initially misdiagnosed as pulmonary tuberculosis, is described. All five children presented with recurrent respiratory infections and failure to thrive, having shown poor response to multiple antibiotics course, including anti-tubercular therapy for variable periods. Successful surgical intervention was belatedly instigated.
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621601/results-from-the-third-scottish-national-prevalence-survey-is-a-population-health-approach-now-needed-to-prevent-hai
#14
Shona Cairns, Cheryl Gibbons, Aynsley Milne, Hazel King, Melissa Llano, Laura MacDonald, William Malcolm, Chris Robertson, Jacqueline Sneddon, Jennifer Weir, Jacqui Reilly
BACKGROUND: Healthcare associated infections (HAI) are a major public health concern and a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. A robust and current evidence base that is specific to local, national and Europe-wide settings is necessary to inform the development of strategies to reduce HAI and contain antimicrobial resistance (AMR). AIM: To measure the prevalence of HAI and antimicrobial prescribing and identify key priority areas for interventions to reduce the burden of infection...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617398/impact-of-an-animal-assisted-therapy-programme-on-physiological-and-psychosocial-variables-of-paediatric-oncology-patients
#15
Nathiana B Silva, Flávia L Osório
The objective of this study was to propose an intervention and safety protocol for performing animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and evaluating its efficacy in children under outpatient oncological treatment based on psychological, physiological, and quality of life indicators for the children and caregivers. The sample consisted of 24 children diagnosed with leukaemia and solid tumours (58% girls with a mean age of 8.0 years) who underwent an AAT programme consisting of three 30-min sessions in an open group. Two dogs (one Labrador retriever and one golden retriever) were used, and activities such as sensory stimulation, gait training, and socialization were conducted...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605009/troglostrongylus-brevior-a-feline-lungworm-of-paediatric-concern
#16
Maria Alfonsa Cavalera, Roberta Iatta, Vito Colella, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Angelo Corsaro, Emanuele Brianti, Domenico Otranto
The immature immune system of cats in their paediatric age (i.e., first six months of life) favours the establishment of infectious respiratory tract diseases mainly caused by well recognized viruses and bacteria species. Conversely, lungworm infections are less investigated during respiratory disorders in kittens. In the last decade, Troglostrongylus brevior has been found affecting the respiratory tract of cats, along with the better-known Aelurostrongylus abstrusus. Given the scant data available on the epidemiology of feline troglostrongylosis, faecal samples from 575 domestic animals living in three Italian municipalities (i...
April 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595417/genotypic-characterization-of-haemophilus-influenzae-isolates-from-paediatric-patients-in-japan
#17
Yoko Adachi, Mariko Ando, Miyuki Morozumi, Kimiko Ubukata, Satoshi Iwata
PURPOSE: β-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) Haemophilus influenzae is frequently isolated from respiratory samples and is particularly problematic in Japan. The aim of this study was to characterize circulating isolates of H. influenzae genotypically by BLNAR-PCR and multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and to determine any associations between them. METHODS: H. influenzae isolates (n=191) were collected from paediatric patients (1 month to 12 years old) between 2000 and 2011 for three types of infections: pneumonia (n=61), acute otitis media (AOM) (n=68) and meningitis (n=62)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590206/worldwide-increased-prevalence-of-human-adenovirus-type-3-hadv-3-respiratory-infections-is-well-correlated-with-heterogeneous-hypervariable-regions-hvrs-of-hexon
#18
Ezazul Haque, Urmila Banik, Tahmina Monwar, Leela Anthony, Arun Kumar Adhikary
Human adenovirus type 3 (HAdV-3) respiratory infections occurs worldwide in both children and adults, leading to severe morbidity and mortality, particularly in the paediatric age group and especially in neonates. During HAdV infection, neutralizing antibodies are formed against the epitopes located in the hyper variable regions (HVRs) of the hexon protein. These neutralizing antibodies provide protection against reinfection by viruses of the same type. Therefore it is reasonable to speculate that variations of HAdV-3 in the HVRs could impair the immunity acquired by previous infection with a different strain with variation in its HVRs...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561355/nonspecific-immunomodulators-for-recurrent-respiratory-tract-infections-wheezing-and-asthma-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-mechanistic-and-clinical-evidence
#19
Susanna Esposito, Manuel E Soto-Martinez, Wojciech Feleszko, Marcus H Jones, Kun-Ling Shen, Urs B Schaad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of the mechanistic and clinical evidence for the use of nonspecific immunomodulators in paediatric respiratory tract infection (RTI) and wheezing/asthma prophylaxis. RECENT FINDINGS: Nonspecific immunomodulators have a long history of empirical use for the prevention of RTIs in vulnerable populations, such as children. The past decade has seen an increase in both the number and quality of studies providing mechanistic and clinical evidence for the prophylactic potential of nonspecific immunomodulators against both respiratory infections and wheezing/asthma in the paediatric population...
March 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555393/cytokine-kinetic-profiles-in-children-with-acute-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-a-post-hoc-descriptive-analysis-from-a-randomized-control-trial
#20
Aline Fuchs, Verena Gotta, Marie-Luise, Gabor Szinnai, Philipp Baumann, Jan Bonhoeffer, Nicole Ritz
OBJECTIVE: Standard inflammatory markers and chest radiography lack the ability to discriminate bacterial from non-bacterial lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). Cytokine profiles may serve as biomarkers for LRTI, but their applicability to identify aetiology, severity of disease and need for antibiotic prescription in children remains poorly defined. Objectives were to determine the cytokine kinetic profiles over five days in paediatric patients with LRTI, to investigate the relationship between cytokine patterns, and clinical and laboratory variables...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
keyword
keyword
114720
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"