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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925122/-abortion-and-stigma-an-analysis-of-the-scientific-literature-on-the-theme
#1
Leila Adesse, Claudia Bonan Jannotti, Katia Silveira da Silva, Vania Matos Fonseca
This article analyzes the scientific output on abortion and social stigma and the potential of the stigma category for abortion care in Brazil. An integrative review of publications on scientific databases without a time limit was conducted. Sixty-five publications with the social representations of women who had an abortion and the professionals who attended them were analyzed. The obstacles to the implementation of abortion laws and the protocols and norms that facilitate access to quality services care was explored...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925101/politicy-of-care-in-the-criticism-towards-gender-stereotypes
#2
Maria Raquel Gomes Maia Pires, Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da Fonseca, Beatriz Padilla
Objectives: analyze gender inequalities among Brazilian women in Portugal and in contemporary nursing based on care politicity in the light of gender; disclose oppression of the female produced by the stereotypes that look upon women as natural caregivers; point out politicity to deconstruct gender stereotypes. Method: theoretical reflection with narrative review of literature to analyze classic references in the feminist epistemology combined with the care politicity thesis...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885971/-a-magical-little-pill-that-will-relieve-you-of-your-womanly-issues-what-young-women-say-about-menstrual-suppression
#3
Colleen McMillan, Amanda Jenkins
Perceptions of menstruation by media discourses portray this bodily function to be messy, inconvenient, and as an unnecessary phenomenon to be controlled or possibly eliminated. Commercials shown on YouTube targeted toward young women suggest that having a monthly period is not healthy and a lifestyle that is menses free is both pharmacologically available and recommended in order to live a fuller life. We explored the meanings attached to online menstrual suppression commercials with 10 women aged between 18 and 25...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872665/if-stigmatized-self-esteem-is-not-enough-effects-of-sexism-self-esteem-and-social-identity-on-leadership-aspiration
#4
Angela Fedi, Chiara Rollero
Ambivalent sexism has many pernicious consequences. Since gender stereotypes also affect leadership roles, the present research investigated the effects of ambivalent sexism on envisioning oneself as a leader. Our studies tested the influence of sexist attitudes (toward women - Study 1 - and men - Study 2) on leadership aspiration, taking into account the interaction among ambivalent attitudes, personal characteristics (e.g. self-esteem), and group processes (e.g. level of identification with gender). Specifically, the current study used a 3 (sexism: hostile, benevolent, control) x 2 (social identification: high, low) x 2 (self-esteem: high, low) factorial design...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851759/gender-stereotypes-in-science-education-resources-a-visual-content-analysis
#5
Anne H Kerkhoven, Pedro Russo, Anne M Land-Zandstra, Aayush Saxena, Frans J Rodenburg
More men are studying and working in science fields than women. This could be an effect of the prevalence of gender stereotypes (e.g., science is for men, not for women). Aside from the media and people's social lives, such stereotypes can also occur in education. Ways in which stereotypes are visible in education include the use of gender-biased visuals, language, teaching methods, and teachers' attitudes. The goal of this study was to determine whether science education resources for primary school contained gender-biased visuals...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822635/-needs-based-offers-and-gender-specific-aspects-in-nursing-homes-results-of-a%C3%A2-representative-survey-among-directors-of-nursing-homes
#6
Christian Teubner, Daniela Sulmann, Nils Lahmann, Ralf Suhr
BACKGROUND: Nursing and care that consider individual and biographically shaped impressions requires, among other things sensitivity for the specific needs of persons in need of care. OBJECTIVE: A representative survey was conducted among directors of nursing homes to provide information about the importance of gender-specific aspects in nursing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a written survey 516 directors of German resident care facilities were interviewed about their attitudes and perceptions regarding the subject, about information on general and gender-specific offers and about demographic information on the management of nursing homes...
November 7, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816697/parental-knowledge-and-adolescents-risk-behaviors
#7
Aranzazu Albertos, Alfonso Osorio, Cristina Lopez-Del Burgo, Silvia Carlos, Carlos Beltramo, Fernando Trullols
In this paper we study whether parental knowledge of adolescents' activities varies according to socio-demographic variables, and we analyze the possible association between parental knowledge patterns and certain risk behaviors among adolescents. A cross-sectional study was performed with representative samples of high-school students in Peru and El Salvador. A questionnaire assessed risk behaviors, as well as possible determinants, including parental knowledge. The questionnaire was answered by 6208 adolescents...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815552/lived-experiences-of-novice-male-nurses-in-taiwan
#8
Mei-Li Cheng, Ying-Hua Tseng, Eric Hodges, Fan-Hao Chou
PURPOSE: Nursing remains a female-dominated profession around the world. The masculinity and male identity of men who choose nursing careers is questioned by the general public in many countries. Few studies report the situation of novice male nurses at their first year. The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experience of novice male nurses when they first enter the workplace. DESIGN AND METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted using purposive and snowball sampling for recruitment...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800058/survey-on-the-perception-of-urology-as-a-specialty-by-medical-students
#9
Soojin Kim, Forough Farrokhyar, Luis H Braga
INTRODUCTION: Upon inquiring with medical students and urologists across Canada, it is evident that urology is perceived as a male-dominant specialty, among other stereotypes. These misperceptions may hamper the recruitment of the best and brightest trainees. With that in mind, we surveyed medical students at our institution to obtain an objective assessment of their perception of urology and to determine the cause for misperceptions. METHODS: A 25-factor, validated, anonymous, cross-sectional, self-reported, electronic survey was sent to all medical students at McMaster University to assess their perception of urology...
September 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784300/experiences-of-the-gender-climate-in-clinical-training-a-focus-group-study-among-swedish-medical-students
#10
Emelie Kristoffersson, Jenny Andersson, Carita Bengs, Katarina Hamberg
BACKGROUND: Research shows that medical education is characterized by unequal conditions for women and men, but there is a lack of qualitative studies investigating the social processes that enable and maintain gender inequalities that include both male and female students. In this focus group study, we therefore explored male as well as female medical students' experiences of the gender climate - i.e., how beliefs, values, and norms about gender were communicated - during clinical training and how the students dealt with these experiences...
October 26, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778758/the-time-course-from-gender-categorization-to-gender-stereotype-activation
#11
Xiaobin Zhang, Qiong Li, Shan Sun, Bin Zuo
Social categorization is the foundation of stereotype activation, and the process from social categorization to stereotype activation is rapid. However, the time from social categorization to stereotype activation is unknown. This study involves a real-time measurement of the time course of gender-stereotype activation beginning with gender categorization using event-related potential technology with a face as the priming stimulus. We found that 195 ms after a face stimulus was presented, brain waves stimulated by male or female gender categorization showed a clear separation, with male faces stimulating larger N200 waves...
October 25, 2016: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778464/societal-perceptions-of-male-nurses-in-south-korea-a-q-methodological-study
#12
Ick-Jee Kim, Sang-Hee Kim, Sue-Kyung Sohn
AIM: One of the remarkable changes in today's nursing profession is the emergence of male nurses. In order to promote the development of nursing, it would be beneficial for a positive perception of male nurses to be established in society. This study identified the public perceptions of male nurses in South Korea by using Q methodology and offered basic strategies for enhancing the perception of male nurses. METHODS: A Q-methodological approach, suitable for subjective research, was used for a survey...
October 25, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777608/personality-traits-gender-roles-and-sexual-behaviours-of-young-adult-males
#13
Jacek Kurpisz, Monika Mak, Michał Lew-Starowicz, Krzysztof Nowosielski, Przemysław Bieńkowski, Robert Kowalczyk, Błażej Misiak, Dorota Frydecka, Jerzy Samochowiec
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that personality characteristics affect sexual functioning. The aim of this exploratory study was to assess and describe the relationship between global personality traits and the stereotypical femininity and masculinity levels with the broad aspects of sexual behaviours and attitudes in the group of 97 heterosexual young adult men aged 19-39 and living in Poland. METHODS: The 'Big Five' personality traits were measured with the NEO-FFI questionnaire; stereotypical femininity and masculinity with the Bem sex role inventory (BSRI); sexual disorders with the International index of erectile function (IIEF); socio-epidemiological data, sexual behaviours and attitudes towards sexuality with a self-constructed questionnaire...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775480/how-self-objectification-impacts-physical-activity-among-adolescent-girls-in-costa-rica
#14
Rafael Monge-Rojas, Tamara Fuster-Baraona, Carlos Garita-Arce, Marta Sánchez-López, Uriyoán Colon-Ramos, Vanessa Smith-Castro
BACKGROUND: In Latin America, more than 80% of adolescent girls are physically inactive. Inactivity may be reinforced by female stereotypes and objectification in the Latin American sociocultural context. METHODS: We examined the influence of objectification on the adoption of an active lifestyle among 192 adolescents (14 -17 y/old) from urban and rural areas in Costa Rica. Analyses of 48 focus-groups sessions were grounded in Objectification Theory. RESULTS: Vigorous exercises were gender-typed as masculine while girls had to maintain an aesthetic appearance at all times...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759886/gender-attitudes-in-early-childhood-behavioral-consequences-and-cognitive-antecedents
#15
May Ling D Halim, Diane N Ruble, Catherine S Tamis-LeMonda, Patrick E Shrout, David M Amodio
This study examined factors that predicted children's gender intergroup attitudes at age 5 and the implications of these attitudes for intergroup behavior. Ethnically diverse children from low-income backgrounds (N = 246; Mexican-, Chinese-, Dominican-, and African American) were assessed at ages 4 and 5. On average, children reported positive same-gender and negative other-gender attitudes. Positive same-gender attitudes were associated with knowledge of gender stereotypes. In contrast, positive other-gender attitudes were associated with flexibility in gender cognitions (stereotype flexibility, gender consistency)...
October 19, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752901/patient-safety-education-among-chinese-medical-undergraduates-an-empirical-study
#16
Gang Li, Hong-Bing Tao, Jia-Zhi Liao, Jin-Hui Tang, Fang Peng, Qin Shu, Wen-Gang Li, Shun-Gui Tu, Zhuo Chen
Patient safety education is conducive to medical students' cognition on patient safety and to improvement of medical quality and safety. Developing patient safety education for medical students is more and more widely recognized by World Health Organization and countries all over the world. However, in China, patient safety courses aiming at medical students are relatively few, and there are few reports about the effect of patient safety courses. This paper explored the influence of patient safety curriculum on medical students' attitude to and knowledge of patient safety...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732035/identity-in-recovery-for-mothers-with-a-mental-illness-a-literature-review
#17
Rochelle Helena Hine, Darryl John Maybery, Melinda Jane Goodyear
Objective: The development of a positive identity beyond the mental illness has been highlighted as an important component of personal recovery. However, the experience of parenting is often overlooked in recovery discourse. This review aims to explore what the literature reveals about the process of developing a positive identity as part of personal recovery and how this may be shaped by the mothering role. Method: A systematic literature search of 5 databases resulted in 27 articles being reviewed, with findings extracted and analyzed using constant comparative analysis...
October 10, 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729887/to-strike-a-pose-no-stereotype-backlash-for-power-posing-women
#18
Miriam Rennung, Johannes Blum, Anja S Göritz
Power posing, the adoption of open and powerful postures, has effects that parallel those of actual social power. This study explored the social evaluation of adopting powerful vs. powerless body postures in men and women regarding perceived warmth, competence, and the likelihood of eliciting admiration, envy, pity, and contempt. Previous findings suggest that the display of power by women may have side effects due to gender stereotyping, namely reduced warmth ratings and negative emotional reactions. An experiment (N = 2,473) asked participants to rate pictures of men and women who adopted high-power or low-power body postures...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729822/perceptions-of-final-year-medical-students-towards-the-impact-of-gender-on-their-training-and-future-practice
#19
Jacqueline M Van Wyk, Soornarain S Naidoo, Kogie Moodley, Susan B Higgins-Opitz
INTRODUCTION: Following policy implementations to redress previous racial and gender discrepancies, this study explored how gender impacted on the clinical experiences of final-year medical students during their undergraduate training. It also gathered their perceptions and expectations for the future. METHODS: This cross-sectional, mixed-method study used a purposive sampling method to collect data from the participants (n=94). Each respondent was interviewed by two members of the research team...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693263/psychosexual-outcome-among-iranian-individuals-with-5%C3%AE-reductase-deficiency-type-2-and-its-relationship-with-parental-sexism
#20
Behzad S Khorashad, Zahra Aghili, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels, Mehran Hiradfar, Ghasem M Roshan, Mozhgan Afkhamizadeh, Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan, Nosrat Ghaemi, Behnaz Khazai, P T Cohen-Kettenis
INTRODUCTION: Few studies exist on the psychosexual outcome of homogeneous groups of individuals with 5α-reductase deficiency type 2 (5α-RD-2) and the relation between gender changes and parental hostile and benevolent sexism, which are two components of ambivalent sexism that assume a stereotypical approach toward women in an overtly negative way or a chivalrous, seemingly positive way. AIM: To report on the psychosexual outcome of individuals with 5α-RD-2 and to investigate its relation to the level of parental sexism in a relatively large sample of Iranians with 5α-RD-2...
November 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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