keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

gender stereotype

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090170/gender-s-role-in-misperceptions-of-peers-sexual-motives
#1
Rose Wesche, Graciela Espinosa-Hernández, Eva S Lefkowitz
The sexual double standard influences men's and women's sexual attitudes and behavior, leading men and women to consider distinct sexual motives, or reasons whether or not to engage in sexual intercourse (Crawford & Popp 2003; Reiss 1964). The goal of the present paper was to document how the sexual double standard shapes perceptions of peers' sexual motives. We build on past research by using open-ended questions and measuring perceptions of both same-gender and other-gender peers. The sample included 154 heterosexual college students (50% female, 49% European American, 25% Latino American, 26% African American) recruited via probability sampling...
December 2016: Sexuality & Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080088/the-effect-of-reactive-emotions-expressed-in-response-to-another-s-anger-on-inferences-of-social-power
#2
Shlomo Hareli, Shlomo David
Social perception of emotions is influenced by the context in which it occurs. One such context is a social interaction involving an exchange of emotions. The way parties to the interaction are perceived is shaped by the combination of emotions exchanged. This idea was examined by assessing the extent to which expressions of anger toward a target-which, in isolation, are perceived as signals of high social power-are influenced by the target's emotional reaction to it (i.e., reactive emotions). Three studies show that the angry person was perceived as having a higher level of social power when this anger was responded by fear or sadness than when it was responded by neutrality or anger...
January 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028047/content-analysis-of-uk-newspaper-and-online-news-representations-of-women-s-and-men-s-binge-drinking-a-challenge-for-communicating-evidence-based-messages-about-single-episodic-drinking
#3
C Patterson, C Emslie, O Mason, G Fergie, S Hilton
OBJECTIVES: In the UK, men's alcohol-related morbidity and mortality still greatly exceeds women's, despite an increase in women's alcohol consumption in recent decades. New UK alcohol guidelines introduce gender-neutral low-risk alcohol consumption guidance. This study explores how UK newspaper and online news represent women's and men's 'binge' drinking to identify opportunities to better align reporting of harmful drinking with evidence. DESIGN: Quantitative and qualitative content analysis of 308 articles published in 7 UK national newspapers and the BBC News website between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013...
December 27, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002841/voice-quality-and-gender-stereotypes-a-study-of-lebanese-women-with-reinke-s-edema
#4
Nayla Matar, Cristel Portes, Leonardo Lancia, Thierry Legou, Fabienne Baider
Purpose: Women with Reinke's edema (RW) report being mistaken for men during telephone conversations. For this reason, their masculine-sounding voices are interesting for the study of gender stereotypes. The study's objective is to verify their complaint and to understand the cues used in gender identification. Method: Using a self-evaluation study, we verified RW's perception of their own voices. We compared the acoustic parameters of vowels produced by 10 RW to those produced by 10 men and 10 women with healthy voices (hereafter referred to as NW) in Lebanese Arabic...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995538/promoting-optimal-native-outcomes-pono-by-understanding-women-s-stress-experiences
#5
May Okihiro, Lisa Duke, Deborah Goebert, Lauren Ampolos, Casandra Camacho, Natasha Shanahan, Earl Hishinuma, J Keawe Kaholokula
A growing body of evidence links stress with mental illness and chronic disease. Existing scales of women's stress fail to capture the daily stressors of low-income, rural women. We explored the psychosocial stressors of local women residing in a rural Hawaii community with a large Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population. We recruited women, aged 18-35 years, at a community health center. We convened four focus groups to elicit information about women's stress. We identified key themes from the focus group data to generate questions that target concerns raised by participants...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982743/stereotypes-emotions-and-behaviors-towards-lesbians-gay-men-bisexual-women-and-bisexual-men
#6
Allison A Vaughn, Stacy A Teeters, Melody S Sadler, Sierra B Cronan
The utility of the Stereotype Content Model (Fiske, Cuddy, Glick, & Xu, 2002) and the Behaviors from Intergroup Affect and Stereotypes map (Cuddy, Fiske, & Glick, 2007) was examined in the context of heterosexuals' attitudes towards sexual minorities. Heterosexual adults completed a survey measuring stereotypes, emotions, and behavioral tendencies towards lesbians, gay men, bisexual women, and bisexual men. Stereotype content differed across groups and showed "gendered" and "valenced" effects on emotions and behavioral tendencies...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980524/professional-activity-of-polish-peri-and-postmenopausal-women
#7
Dorota Żołnierczuk-Kieliszek, Mariola Janiszewska, Agata Mielniczuk, Małgorzata A Dziedzic, Ewelina Firlej
INTRODUCTION: The menopausal transition as one of the stages in women's life can bring many ailments which complicate the accomplishment of professional duties. The situation of women on the Polish job market is determined by many barriers and stereotypes which impede women's access to jobs and professional promotions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of the study was to estimate the professional status and job satisfaction of women aged 40-65. The research was carried out by a survey method, a poll technique in the period from January to March 2016...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925122/-abortion-and-stigma-an-analysis-of-the-scientific-literature-on-the-theme
#8
Leila Adesse, Claudia Bonan Jannotti, Katia Silveira da Silva, Vania Matos Fonseca
This article analyzes the scientific output on abortion and social stigma and the potential of the stigma category for abortion care in Brazil. An integrative review of publications on scientific databases without a time limit was conducted. Sixty-five publications with the social representations of women who had an abortion and the professionals who attended them were analyzed. The obstacles to the implementation of abortion laws and the protocols and norms that facilitate access to quality services care was explored...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925101/politicy-of-care-in-the-criticism-towards-gender-stereotypes
#9
Maria Raquel Gomes Maia Pires, Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da Fonseca, Beatriz Padilla
Objectives: analyze gender inequalities among Brazilian women in Portugal and in contemporary nursing based on care politicity in the light of gender; disclose oppression of the female produced by the stereotypes that look upon women as natural caregivers; point out politicity to deconstruct gender stereotypes. Method: theoretical reflection with narrative review of literature to analyze classic references in the feminist epistemology combined with the care politicity thesis...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885971/-a-magical-little-pill-that-will-relieve-you-of-your-womanly-issues-what-young-women-say-about-menstrual-suppression
#10
Colleen McMillan, Amanda Jenkins
Perceptions of menstruation by media discourses portray this bodily function to be messy, inconvenient, and as an unnecessary phenomenon to be controlled or possibly eliminated. Commercials shown on YouTube targeted toward young women suggest that having a monthly period is not healthy and a lifestyle that is menses free is both pharmacologically available and recommended in order to live a fuller life. We explored the meanings attached to online menstrual suppression commercials with 10 women aged between 18 and 25...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872665/if-stigmatized-self-esteem-is-not-enough-effects-of-sexism-self-esteem-and-social-identity-on-leadership-aspiration
#11
Angela Fedi, Chiara Rollero
Ambivalent sexism has many pernicious consequences. Since gender stereotypes also affect leadership roles, the present research investigated the effects of ambivalent sexism on envisioning oneself as a leader. Our studies tested the influence of sexist attitudes (toward women - Study 1 - and men - Study 2) on leadership aspiration, taking into account the interaction among ambivalent attitudes, personal characteristics (e.g. self-esteem), and group processes (e.g. level of identification with gender). Specifically, the current study used a 3 (sexism: hostile, benevolent, control) x 2 (social identification: high, low) x 2 (self-esteem: high, low) factorial design...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851759/gender-stereotypes-in-science-education-resources-a-visual-content-analysis
#12
Anne H Kerkhoven, Pedro Russo, Anne M Land-Zandstra, Aayush Saxena, Frans J Rodenburg
More men are studying and working in science fields than women. This could be an effect of the prevalence of gender stereotypes (e.g., science is for men, not for women). Aside from the media and people's social lives, such stereotypes can also occur in education. Ways in which stereotypes are visible in education include the use of gender-biased visuals, language, teaching methods, and teachers' attitudes. The goal of this study was to determine whether science education resources for primary school contained gender-biased visuals...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822635/-needs-based-offers-and-gender-specific-aspects-in-nursing-homes-results-of-a%C3%A2-representative-survey-among-directors-of-nursing-homes
#13
Christian Teubner, Daniela Sulmann, Nils Lahmann, Ralf Suhr
BACKGROUND: Nursing and care that consider individual and biographically shaped impressions requires, among other things sensitivity for the specific needs of persons in need of care. OBJECTIVE: A representative survey was conducted among directors of nursing homes to provide information about the importance of gender-specific aspects in nursing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a written survey 516 directors of German resident care facilities were interviewed about their attitudes and perceptions regarding the subject, about information on general and gender-specific offers and about demographic information on the management of nursing homes...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816697/parental-knowledge-and-adolescents-risk-behaviors
#14
Aranzazu Albertos, Alfonso Osorio, Cristina Lopez-Del Burgo, Silvia Carlos, Carlos Beltramo, Fernando Trullols
In this paper we study whether parental knowledge of adolescents' activities varies according to socio-demographic variables, and we analyze the possible association between parental knowledge patterns and certain risk behaviors among adolescents. A cross-sectional study was performed with representative samples of high-school students in Peru and El Salvador. A questionnaire assessed risk behaviors, as well as possible determinants, including parental knowledge. The questionnaire was answered by 6208 adolescents...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815552/lived-experiences-of-novice-male-nurses-in-taiwan
#15
Mei-Li Cheng, Ying-Hua Tseng, Eric Hodges, Fan-Hao Chou
PURPOSE: Nursing remains a female-dominated profession around the world. The masculinity and male identity of men who choose nursing careers is questioned by the general public in many countries. Few studies report the situation of novice male nurses at their first year. The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experience of novice male nurses when they first enter the workplace. DESIGN AND METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted using purposive and snowball sampling for recruitment...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800058/survey-on-the-perception-of-urology-as-a-specialty-by-medical-students
#16
Soojin Kim, Forough Farrokhyar, Luis H Braga
INTRODUCTION: Upon inquiring with medical students and urologists across Canada, it is evident that urology is perceived as a male-dominant specialty, among other stereotypes. These misperceptions may hamper the recruitment of the best and brightest trainees. With that in mind, we surveyed medical students at our institution to obtain an objective assessment of their perception of urology and to determine the cause for misperceptions. METHODS: A 25-factor, validated, anonymous, cross-sectional, self-reported, electronic survey was sent to all medical students at McMaster University to assess their perception of urology...
September 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784300/experiences-of-the-gender-climate-in-clinical-training-a-focus-group-study-among-swedish-medical-students
#17
Emelie Kristoffersson, Jenny Andersson, Carita Bengs, Katarina Hamberg
BACKGROUND: Research shows that medical education is characterized by unequal conditions for women and men, but there is a lack of qualitative studies investigating the social processes that enable and maintain gender inequalities that include both male and female students. In this focus group study, we therefore explored male as well as female medical students' experiences of the gender climate - i.e., how beliefs, values, and norms about gender were communicated - during clinical training and how the students dealt with these experiences...
October 26, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778758/the-time-course-from-gender-categorization-to-gender-stereotype-activation
#18
Xiaobin Zhang, Qiong Li, Shan Sun, Bin Zuo
Social categorization is the foundation of stereotype activation, and the process from social categorization to stereotype activation is rapid. However, the time from social categorization to stereotype activation is unknown. This study involves a real-time measurement of the time course of gender-stereotype activation beginning with gender categorization using event-related potential technology with a face as the priming stimulus. We found that 195 ms after a face stimulus was presented, brain waves stimulated by male or female gender categorization showed a clear separation, with male faces stimulating larger N200 waves...
October 25, 2016: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778464/societal-perceptions-of-male-nurses-in-south-korea-a-q-methodological-study
#19
Ick-Jee Kim, Sang-Hee Kim, Sue-Kyung Sohn
AIM: One of the remarkable changes in today's nursing profession is the emergence of male nurses. In order to promote the development of nursing, it would be beneficial for a positive perception of male nurses to be established in society. This study identified the public perceptions of male nurses in South Korea by using Q methodology and offered basic strategies for enhancing the perception of male nurses. METHODS: A Q-methodological approach, suitable for subjective research, was used for a survey...
October 25, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777608/personality-traits-gender-roles-and-sexual-behaviours-of-young-adult-males
#20
Jacek Kurpisz, Monika Mak, Michał Lew-Starowicz, Krzysztof Nowosielski, Przemysław Bieńkowski, Robert Kowalczyk, Błażej Misiak, Dorota Frydecka, Jerzy Samochowiec
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that personality characteristics affect sexual functioning. The aim of this exploratory study was to assess and describe the relationship between global personality traits and the stereotypical femininity and masculinity levels with the broad aspects of sexual behaviours and attitudes in the group of 97 heterosexual young adult men aged 19-39 and living in Poland. METHODS: The 'Big Five' personality traits were measured with the NEO-FFI questionnaire; stereotypical femininity and masculinity with the Bem sex role inventory (BSRI); sexual disorders with the International index of erectile function (IIEF); socio-epidemiological data, sexual behaviours and attitudes towards sexuality with a self-constructed questionnaire...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
114715
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"