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Self Injurious Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346213/self-esteem-and-anger-in-borderline-patients-with-self-injury-behavior
#1
Carla Maria Almeida, Maria Purificação Horta
Anger and low self-esteem characterize borderline individuals, yet little is known about their role and impact in the presence or absence of self-injury behavior. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of anger and self-esteem in borderline patients and whether these variables distinguish these patients with and without self-injury. Patients were recruited from a psychiatric service and were evaluated for self-esteem and anger. Additionally, impulsivity and symptoms were assessed. Two groups were compared, one with self-injurious behavior (n = 18) and another one without it (n = 23)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342881/development-of-self-assembled-nanoribbon-bound-peptide-polyaniline-composite-scaffolds-and-their-interactions-with-neural-cortical-cells
#2
Andrew M Smith, Harrison T Pajovich, Ipsita A Banerjee
Degenerative neurological disorders and traumatic brain injuries cause significant damage to quality of life and often impact survival. As a result, novel treatments are necessary that can allow for the regeneration of neural tissue. In this work, a new biomimetic scaffold was designed with potential for applications in neural tissue regeneration. To develop the scaffold, we first prepared a new bolaamphiphile that was capable of undergoing self-assembly into nanoribbons at pH 7. Those nanoribbons were then utilized as templates for conjugation with specific proteins known to play a critical role in neural tissue growth...
January 13, 2018: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340590/efficacy-and-safety-of-deep-brain-stimulation-in-tourette-syndrome-the-international-tourette-syndrome-deep-brain-stimulation-public-database-and-registry
#3
Daniel Martinez-Ramirez, Joohi Jimenez-Shahed, James Frederick Leckman, Mauro Porta, Domenico Servello, Fan-Gang Meng, Jens Kuhn, Daniel Huys, Juan Carlos Baldermann, Thomas Foltynie, Marwan I Hariz, Eileen M Joyce, Ludvic Zrinzo, Zinovia Kefalopoulou, Peter Silburn, Terry Coyne, Alon Y Mogilner, Michael H Pourfar, Suketu M Khandhar, Man Auyeung, Jill Louise Ostrem, Veerle Visser-Vandewalle, Marie-Laure Welter, Luc Mallet, Carine Karachi, Jean Luc Houeto, Bryan Timothy Klassen, Linda Ackermans, Takanobu Kaido, Yasin Temel, Robert E Gross, Harrison C Walker, Andres M Lozano, Benjamin L Walter, Zoltan Mari, William S Anderson, Barbara Kelly Changizi, Elena Moro, Sarah Elizabeth Zauber, Lauren E Schrock, Jian-Guo Zhang, Wei Hu, Kyle Rizer, Erin H Monari, Kelly D Foote, Irene A Malaty, Wissam Deeb, Aysegul Gunduz, Michael S Okun
Importance: Collective evidence has strongly suggested that deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a promising therapy for Tourette syndrome. Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of DBS in a multinational cohort of patients with Tourette syndrome. Design, Setting, and Participants: The prospective International Deep Brain Stimulation Database and Registry included 185 patients with medically refractory Tourette syndrome who underwent DBS implantation from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2016, at 31 institutions in 10 countries worldwide...
January 16, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323513/the-five-factor-borderline-inventory-behavioral-outcomes-across-time
#4
Ashley C Helle, Hilary L DeShong, Amanda N Baraldi, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt
The Five-Factor Borderline Inventory Short Form (FFBI-SF) is a 48-item dimensional measure of borderline personality disorder (BPD) that was developed from the Five-factor model (FFM). Previous research has examined the relationships of the FFBI-SF to the FFM and BPD. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship of FFBI-SF scales with behavioral outcomes, such as self-injury, physical fights, panic symptoms, promiscuous sex, theft, attempted suicide, reckless driving, and binge eating...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316884/sharp-injuries-a-cross-sectional-study-among-health-care-workers-in-a-provincial-teaching-hospital-in-china
#5
Zhuo Cui, Jingrui Zhu, Xiangjun Zhang, Bairu Wang, Xiaojun Li
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to investigate the incidence and reporting behavior of sharp injuries among healthcare workers (HCWs) and identify the risk factors associated with these injuries. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in February 2017 in a provincial teaching hospital in China. Data were collected from 901 HCWs using a self-administered questionnaire which included demographic information, experience, and reporting behavior of sharp injuries...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311336/troy-brain-stem-cells-cycle-through-quiescence-and-regulate-their-number-by-sensing-niche-occupancy
#6
Onur Basak, Teresa G Krieger, Mauro J Muraro, Kay Wiebrands, Daniel E Stange, Javier Frias-Aldeguer, Nicolas C Rivron, Marc van de Wetering, Johan H van Es, Alexander van Oudenaarden, Benjamin D Simons, Hans Clevers
The adult mouse subependymal zone provides a niche for mammalian neural stem cells (NSCs). However, the molecular signature, self-renewal potential, and fate behavior of NSCs remain poorly defined. Here we propose a model in which the fate of active NSCs is coupled to the total number of neighboring NSCs in a shared niche. Using knock-in reporter alleles and single-cell RNA sequencing, we show that the Wnt target Tnfrsf19/Troy identifies both active and quiescent NSCs. Quantitative analysis of genetic lineage tracing of individual NSCs under homeostasis or in response to injury reveals rapid expansion of stem-cell number before some return to quiescence...
January 8, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306238/the-relationship-between-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-behavior-and-manners-of-death-a-multicenter-autopsy-study
#7
Sait Özsoy, Hacer Yaşar Teke, Hüseyin Çetin Ketenci, Ertuğrul Gök, Kenan Karbeyaz, Taner Akar, Hanife Alkurt Alkan, Mesut Akyol, Mehmet Ayhan Cöngöloğlu, Sermet Sezigen, Ahmet Zahit Dursun, Alper Özkök, Serhat Sarı
Background/aim: This study aimed to determine the relationship between nonsuicidal self-injurious behavior (NSSIB) and manners of death.Materials and methods: This study retrospectively evaluated 6604 autopsy cases evaluated at forensic medicine institutes of six major cities of Turkey. The study group consisted of all cases with NSSIB findings. The control group was created from cases without signs of NSSIB. Results: We found that the numbers of possible suicide and homicide cases in the NSSIB (+) group were significantly higher than in the NSSIB (-) group...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303003/development-and-content-validity-of-the-behavioral-assessment-screening-tool-bast%C3%AE
#8
Shannon B Juengst, Lauren Terhorst, Brad E Dicianno, Janet P Niemeier, Amy K Wagner
PURPOSE: Develop and establish the content validity of the Behavioral Assessment Screening Tool (BASTβ), a self-reported measure of behavioral and emotional symptoms after traumatic brain injury. METHODS: This was an assessment development study, including two focus groups of individuals with traumatic brain injury (n = 11) and their family members (n = 10) and an expert panel evaluation of content validity by experts in traumatic brain injury rehabilitation (n = 7)...
January 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294777/negative-emotions-as-risk-factors-for-self-directed-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-chinese-college-students
#9
Ling Wang, Qinglu Wu, Anna Wai-Man Choi
In this study, we examined the unique contributions of negative emotions (i.e., anger, depression, and shame) for two different types of self-directed violence (i.e., nonsuicidal self-injury [NSSI] and suicidality) and three different types of intimate partner violence perpetration (i.e., physical, sexual, and psychological violence) in a college sample. We investigated the moderating role of gender in any link between the negative emotions and the violent behaviors. We also examined an association between self-directed violence and intimate partner violence perpetration...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294746/dating-violence-victimization-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-the-moderating-effect-of-borderline-personality-disorder-features-in-adolescent-inpatients
#10
Claire Hatkevich, William Mellick, Tyson Reuter, Jeff R Temple, Carla Sharp
The aim of the study was to examine whether Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) features moderate the relation between dating violence victimization (DVV) experiences and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescent inpatients. A total of 184 adolescent inpatients completed measures on DVV, BPD features, and NSSI at admission to treatment. Bivariate analyses revealed significant relations between DVV, BPD features, and NSSI. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses demonstrated a moderating effect of BPD features such that in the low BPD features group, more severe DVV was associated with greater NSSI frequency; adolescents in the high BPD group endorsed elevated, though stable, levels of NSSI at all levels of DVV...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294732/individual-versus-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-partner-violent-men-a-preliminary-randomized-trial
#11
Christopher M Murphy, Christopher I Eckhardt, Judith M Clifford, Adam D Lamotte, Laura A Meis
A randomized clinical trial tested the hypothesis that a flexible, case formulation-based, individual treatment approach integrating motivational interviewing strategies with cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) is more efficacious than a standardized group cognitive-behavioral approach (GCBT) for perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). Forty-two men presenting for services at a community domestic violence agency were randomized to receive 20 sessions of ICBT or a 20-week group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) program...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294571/-association-between-coping-styles-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-among-undergraduate-students-in-wuhan
#12
L Chen, R L Zhao, H Chen
Objective: This study aimed to explore the association of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and the coping styles in college undergraduate students. Methods: Cluster sampling techniques was used to recruit freshmen students from two universities in Wuhan. Brief COPE scale was used to measure the coping skills at the baseline study. Non-suicidal self-injury was studied one year later through a follow-up program. Results: The incidence of NSSI among college students was 2.3%. Students who reported NSSI had higher scores on Self-Blame dimension than those who did not...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286338/the-vulnerability-of-people-to-damaging-hydrogeological-events-in-the-calabria-region-southern-italy
#13
Olga Petrucci, Paola Salvati, Luigi Aceto, Cinzia Bianchi, Angela Aurora Pasqua, Mauro Rossi, Fausto Guzzetti
Background: Damaging Hydrogeological Events (DHEs) are severe weather periods during which floods, landslides, lightning, windstorms, hail or storm surges can harm people. Climate change is expected to increase the frequency/intensity of DHEs and, consequently, the potential harm to people. Method: We investigated the impacts of DHEs on people in Calabria (Italy) over 37 years (1980-2016). Data on 7288 people physically affected by DHEs were gathered from the systematic analysis of regional newspapers and collected in the database named PEOPLE...
December 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282024/emotion-regulation-individual-therapy-for-adolescents-with-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-a-feasibility-study
#14
Johan Bjureberg, Hanna Sahlin, Clara Hellner, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Kim L Gratz, Jonas Bjärehed, Jussi Jokinen, Matthew T Tull, Brjánn Ljótsson
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious health risk behavior that forms the basis of a tentative diagnosis in DSM-5, NSSI Disorder (NSSID). To date, established treatments specific to NSSI or NSSID are scarce. As a first step in evaluating the feasibility, acceptability, and utility of a novel treatment for adolescents with NSSID, we conducted an open trial of emotion regulation individual therapy for adolescents (ERITA): a 12-week, behavioral treatment aimed at directly targeting both NSSI and its proposed underlying mechanism of emotion regulation difficulties...
December 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276863/non-suicidal-self-injury-behaviors-features-and-relationship-with-adolescents-daily-life-activities-and-mental-status
#15
İrem Damla Çimen, Ayşen Coşkun, Nilay Etiler
Çimen İD, Coşkun A, Etiler N. Non-suicidal self-injury behaviors` features and relationship with adolescents` daily life activities and mental status. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 113-121. This study investigated, characteristics of the non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors and behaviors` relationship with the sociodemographic characteristics, psychological problems and other features like daily life activities, between the ages of 12 and 17 years in the central district İzmit of Kocaeli; 555 students whose data included to study received a sociodemographic questionnaire (SQ) and Youth Self-Report (YSR)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276322/rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta-displaying-self-injurious-behavior-show-more-sleep-disruption-than-controls
#16
Lauren L Stanwicks, Amanda F Hamel, Melinda A Novak
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is a pathology observed in both humans and animals. In humans, SIB has been linked to various mental health conditions that are also associated with significant sleep disruption. In rhesus macaques, SIB consists of self-directed biting which can range from mild skin abrasions to wounds requiring veterinary care. However, only one study suggests possible sleep disruption in macaques with SIB. We evaluated sleep disruption using a noninvasive system (infra-red camera and a video surveillance program) which created videos for every movement over the nighttime hours...
December 2017: Applied Animal Behaviour Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275958/edeus-a-real-life-study-on-the-users-of-phosphodiesterase-type-5-inhibitors-prevalence-perceptions-and-health-care-seeking-behavior-among-european-men-with-a-focus-on-2nd-generation-avanafil
#17
Giovanni Corona, Mario Maggi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a multidimensional disorder with an estimated prevalence of 1% to 10% in men younger than 40 years and up to 100% in men in their 70s and 80s. AIM: To evaluate the real-life characteristics and unmet needs of men with ED, its impact on well-being, and treatment rates across Europe. METHODS: Adult men in Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain were invited to participate in the survey...
December 21, 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273448/-pain-in-children-with-neurological-impairment-a-review-from-the-french-pediatric-neurology-society
#18
J Avez-Couturier, S Joriot, S Peudenier, D Juzeau
Management of pain is one of the major expectations of children with neurological impairment and their families. The medical literature is poor on this topic accounting for approximately 0.15 % of the publications on pain in general. The objective of the French Pediatric Neurology Society was to review the current knowledge on this topic. Bibliographic research was conducted with PubMed and RefDoc for publications between 1994 and 2014 in French or English. A total of 925 articles were retrieved and 92 were selected for review...
December 19, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261687/engagement-of-vulnerable-youths-using-internet-platforms
#19
Melissa Chan, Tim M H Li, Yik Wa Law, Paul W C Wong, Michael Chau, Cecilia Cheng, King Wa Fu, John Bacon-Shone, Qijin Emily Cheng, Paul S F Yip
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the online distress and help-seeking behavior of youths in Hong Kong. METHODS: A cross-sectional telephone-based survey was conducted among 1,010 young people in Hong Kong. Logistic regression analysis was then performed to identify the factors associated with those who reported expressing emotional distress online and the differences in help-seeking behavior among four groups of youths: (1) the non-distressed (reference) group; (2) "Did not seek help" group; (3) "Seek informal help" group; and (4) "Seek formal help" group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248824/contextualizing-public-stigma-endorsed-mental-health-treatment-stigma-on-college-and-university-campuses
#20
S Michael Gaddis, Daniel Ramirez, Erik L Hernandez
Scholars suggest that public mental health stigma operates at a meso-level and is associated with severity of symptoms, disclosure, self-esteem, and treatment-seeking behavior. However, the operationalization of public stigma nearly always comes from an individual-level generalization of what others believe. Using data from over 60,000 students on 75 U.S. college and university campuses between 2009 and 2015, we contextualize public stigma by creating a school-level measure of students' individual-level endorsed mental health treatment stigma...
January 2018: Social Science & Medicine
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