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Self Injurious Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726483/understanding-the-context-of-novel-interventions-for-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-a-reply-to-nielsen-et-al
#1
Joseph C Franklin, Kathryn R Fox, Jessica D Ribeiro, Matthew K Nock
In this response to the commentary by Nielsen, Kirtley, & Townsend (in press), the authors note several points of agreement related to further testing of therapeutic evaluative conditioning (TEC) for self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), navigating logistical and ethical issues surrounding mobile interventions, and integrating such interventions into traditional practice. They also note a common mission held by Nielsen et al., themselves, and the SITB research community more broadly: the large-scale reduction of SITBs...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726482/-great-powers-and-great-responsibilities-a-brief-comment-on-a-brief-mobile-app-reduces-nonsuicidal-and-suicidal-self-injury-evidence-from-three-randomized-controlled-trials-franklin-et-al-2016
#2
Emma Nielsen, Olivia J Kirtley, Ellen Townsend
Online and mobile mental health applications (apps) herald exciting new opportunities for the treatment and prevention of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs). With such rapid technological advances, it is paramount that health care innovation not be achieved to the detriment of intervention quality. Franklin et al.'s (2016) therapeutic evaluative conditioning (TEC) app is a novel and timely addition to the mobile health landscape; uncommonly for such apps, it is evidence based. There are, however, several crucial challenges to be surmounted for TEC to be successful; arguably, interventions ought to build lasting skills that can be subsequently and consciously recruited to manage distress beyond the intervention period...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725956/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-clinical-correlates-and-impact-on-psychosocial-treatment-outcomes
#3
Heather A MacPherson, Sally M Weinstein, Amy E West
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in childhood is not well documented, especially among youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD). The current study evaluated prevalence and correlates of NSSI, and its impact on intervention response, in a randomized trial of Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) versus Treatment As Usual (TAU), adjunctive to pharmacotherapy. This study included 72 children ages 7-13 (58% male) with PBD. NSSI and correlates were assessed at baseline; mood and psychiatric severity were measured longitudinally...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712816/enhanced-startle-reflexivity-during-presentation-of-visual-nurture-cues-in-young-adults-who-experienced-parental-divorce-in-early-childhood
#4
Xenia Hengesch, Mauro F Larra, Johannes B Finke, Terry D Blumenthal, Hartmut Schächinger
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) may influence stress and affective processing in adulthood. Animal and human studies show enhanced startle reflexivity in adult participants with ACE. This study examined the impact of one of the most common ACE, parental divorce, on startle reflexivity in adulthood. Affective modulation of acoustically-elicited startle eye blink was assessed in a group of 23 young adults with self-reported history of parental divorce, compared to an age- and sex-matched control group (n=18)...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705261/-cutting-non-suicidal-self-injury-nssi-on-instagram
#5
R C Brown, T Fischer, A D Goldwich, F Keller, R Young, P L Plener
BACKGROUND: Social media presents an important means for social interaction, especially among adolescents, with Instagram being the most popular platform in this age-group. Pictures and communication about non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) can frequently be found on the internet. METHODS: During 4 weeks in April 2016, n = 2826 (from n = 1154 accounts) pictures which directly depicted wounds on Instagram were investigated. Those pictures, associated comments, and user accounts were independently rated for content...
July 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704066/using-a-multidisciplinary-algorithm-to-treat-self-injurious-behavior-in-a-young-boy-with-developmental-delays
#6
Andrea Courtemanche, Maura Wendland, T Sunny Fenikile, Kathryn Ellerbeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694012/self-injurious-behavior
#7
REVIEW
Sylvia Huisman, Paul Mulder, Janneke Kuijk, Myrthe Kerstholt, Agnies van Eeghen, Arnold Leenders, Ingrid van Balkom, Chris Oliver, Sigrid Piening, Raoul Hennekam
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is a relatively common behavior in individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). Severe SIB can be devastating and potentially life-threatening. There is increasing attention for somatic substrates of behavior in genetic syndromes, and growing evidence of an association between pain and discomfort with SIB in people with ID and genetic syndromes. In this review on SIB phenomenology in people with ID in general and in twelve genetic syndromes, we summarize different SIB characteristics across these etiologically distinct entities and identify influencing factors...
July 7, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692014/effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-training-on-health-care-worker-safety-a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial
#8
Morgan Anne Valley, Lorann Stallones
OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the impact of mindfulness training on occupational safety of hospital health care workers. METHODS: The study used a randomized waitlist-controlled trial design to test the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course on self-reported health care worker safety outcomes, measured at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months later. RESULTS: Twenty-three hospital health care workers participated in the study (11 in immediate intervention group; 12 in waitlist control group)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685626/lurasidone-for-the-treatment-of-irritability-and-anger-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
Lynn McClellan, Kelli C Dominick, Ernest V Pedapati, Logan K Wink, Craig A Erickson
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in social interaction and communication as well as restricted patterns of behaviors and interests. Irritability marked by tantrums, self-injury and aggression occurs frequently in youth with ASD, causing significant parent and caregiver distress. Atypical antipsychotics have been the most studied drug class targeting irritability in ASD. Risperidone and aripiprazole are Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved atypical antipsychotics for treatment of irritability in youth with ASD...
July 7, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670711/later-school-start-times-for-supporting-the-education-health-and-well-being-of-high-school-students
#10
REVIEW
Robert Marx, Emily E Tanner-Smith, Colleen M Davison, Lee-Anne Ufholz, John Freeman, Ravi Shankar, Lisa Newton, Robert S Brown, Alyssa S Parpia, Ioana Cozma, Shawn Hendrikx
BACKGROUND: A number of school systems worldwide have proposed and implemented later school start times as a means of avoiding the potentially negative impacts that early morning schedules can have on adolescent students. Even mild sleep deprivation has been associated with significant health and educational concerns: increased risk for accidents and injuries, impaired learning, aggression, memory loss, poor self-esteem, and changes in metabolism. Although researchers have begun to explore the effects of delayed school start time, no one has conducted a rigorous review of evidence to determine whether later school start times support adolescent health, education, and well-being...
July 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659987/the-potential-role-of-naltrexone-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Azadeh Moghaddas, Mehrnoush Dianatkhah, Saba Ghaffari, Padideh Ghaeli
Objective: Management of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a difficult challenge due to the complex features of this disorder. This article reviews the use of naltrexone in the treatment of BPD. Method: Published articles and clinical trials were searched in Google Scholar, MedLine, ELSEVIER, and Cochrane database of systematic reviews abstracts in English language between 1990 and 2017. Results: Naltrexone (NTX), a nonspecific competitive opiate antagonist, has been noted to be helpful in controlling self-injurious behavior (SIB) and dissociative symptoms in patients with BPD...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652226/a-hybrid-web-based-and-in-person-self-management-intervention-to-prevent-acute-to-chronic-pain-transition-after-major-lower-extremity-trauma-ipact-e-trauma-protocol-for-a-pilot-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Mélanie Bérubé, Céline Gélinas, Géraldine Martorella, José Côté, Nancy Feeley, George-Yves Laflamme, Dominique Rouleau, Manon Choinière
BACKGROUND: Acute pain frequently transitions to chronic pain after major lower extremity trauma (ET). Several modifiable psychological risk and protective factors have been found to contribute to, or prevent, chronic pain development. Some empirical evidence has shown that interventions, including cognitive and behavioral strategies that promote pain self-management, could prevent chronic pain. However, the efficacy of such interventions has never been demonstrated in ET patients. We have designed a self-management intervention to prevent acute to chronic pain transition after major lower extremity trauma (iPACT-E-Trauma)...
June 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651150/cognitive-remediation-improves-executive-functions-self-regulation-and-quality-of-life-in-residents-of-a-substance-use-disorder-therapeutic-community
#13
Ely M Marceau, Jamie Berry, Joanne Lunn, Peter J Kelly, Nadia Solowij
BACKGROUND: Executive dysfunction is common in substance use disorder (SUD) populations and hinders treatment. We previously found that 50% of residents in SUD therapeutic communities had been hospitalized for head injuries; this was a significant determinant of cognitive impairment. The current study aimed to establish whether cognitive remediation improves executive functions (EFs) and self-regulation in an ecologically valid sample of female residents attending SUD therapeutic community treatment, including those with past head injuries and psychiatric comorbidities...
June 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644927/testing-an-integrative-model-of-affect-regulation-and-avoidance-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-disordered-eating
#14
Nicholas L Anderson, Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Janis H Crowther
This research tested a model that integrates risk factors among non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and eating disorder (ED) behaviors with the aim of elucidating possible shared and unique mechanisms underlying both behaviors. Emotional distress, limited access to emotion regulation (ER) strategies, experiential avoidance, and NSSI/ED frequency were examined in a sample of 230 female undergraduates. Structural equation modeling indicated that limited access to ER strategies and avoidance mediated relationship between emotional distress and avoidance, which in turn was associated with NSSI and ED behaviors...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641148/non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-new-zealand-birth-cohort
#15
Daniel D L Coppersmith, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Annette L Beautrais
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts are related, but distinct behaviors. The primary aim of the current study was to identify factors that distinguish those with different lifetime histories of self-injury. A secondary aim was to test whether lifetime history of self-injury at age 26 predicted current suicide ideation at age 32. METHODS: Participants were 26 year olds from a large birth cohort with a lifetime history of no self-injury (n = 466), a lifetime history of NSSI (n = 191), or a lifetime history of NSSI and a suicide attempt (NSSI+SA; n = 52)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641147/suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-women-firefighters-an-examination-of-associated-features-and-comparison-of-pre-career-and-career-prevalence-rates
#16
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Women protective service workers die by suicide at a higher rate than women workers in other occupational groups. However, no study has examined rates and correlates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among women firefighters, despite the potential for these data to inform suicide screening, prevention, and intervention initiatives. The purpose of this study is to describe and compare pre-career and career rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors and identify their sociodemographic and occupational correlates among women firefighters...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641090/injunctive-safety-norms-young-worker-risk-taking-behaviors-and-workplace-injuries
#17
Simon Pek, Nick Turner, Sean Tucker, E Kevin Kelloway, Jayne Morrish
Injunctive safety norms (ISNs) refer to perceptions of others' expectations of one's safety-related conduct. Drawing on a sample of Canadian young workers (n=11,986;M age=17.90years; 55% males), we study the relationships among four sources of non-work-related (i.e., parents, siblings, friends, teachers), two sources of work-related (i.e., supervisors, co-workers) ISNs, young workers' self-reported work-related risk-taking behaviors, and workplace injuries. Structural equation modeling suggests that ISNs from parents, supervisors, and co-workers were related to less frequent work-related risk-taking behaviors, and with fewer workplace injuries via less frequent work-related risk-taking behaviors...
June 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635306/self-injurious-behaviors-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-enrolled-in-the-study-to-explore-early-development
#18
Gnakub Norbert Soke, Steven A Rosenberg, Cordelia Robinson Rosenberg, Roma A Vasa, Li-Ching Lee, Carolyn DiGuiseppi
We assessed potential factors associated with "current" or "ever" self-injurious behaviors, reported in the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, among children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 692) from the Study to Explore Early Development. Data on factors examined were obtained from questionnaires, standardized clinical instruments, and birth certificates. We employed a log-binomial regression to assess these associations. Although most associations were quite similar for currently and ever exhibiting self-injurious behaviors, a few differences were noted...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634840/self-inflicted-abdominal-stab-wounds-have-a-higher-rate-of-non-therapeutic-laparotomy-laparoscopy-and-a-lower-risk-of-injury
#19
Nikolay Bugaev, Kevin McKay, Janis L Breeze, Sandra S Arabian, Reuven Rabinovici
BACKGROUND: The profile and management of self-inflicted abdominal stab wounds (SI-ASW) patients is still obscure. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank (2012) was queried for adults with abdominal stab wounds (n = 9544). Patients with SI-ASW (n = 1724) and non-SI-ASW (n = 7820) were compared. Predictors for non-therapeutic laparotomy/laparoscopy (non-TL) in SI-ASW patients were identified. RESULTS: SI-ASW patients were older, had more females and behavioral disorders, similar physiology, but a lower Injury Severity Score...
June 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634467/brain-network-activation-technology-does-not-assist-with-concussion-diagnosis-and-return-to-play-in-football-athletes
#20
Steven P Broglio, Richelle Williams, Andrew Lapointe, Ashley Rettmann, Brandon Moore, Sean K Meehan, James T Eckner
BACKGROUND: Concussion diagnosis and management remains a largely subjective process. This investigation sought to evaluate the utility of a novel neuroelectric measure for concussion diagnosis and return to play decision-making. HYPOTHESIS: Brain Network Activation (BNA) scores obtained within 72-h of injury will be lower than the athlete's preseason evaluation and that of a matched control athlete; and the BNA will demonstrate ongoing declines at the return to play and post-season time points, while standard measures will have returned to pre-injury and control athlete levels...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
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