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Self Injurious Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145180/misoplegia
#1
Montserrat G Delgado, Julien Bogousslavsky
In 1974, Critchley described misoplegia as the phenomenon in which a hemiplegic patient develops a morbid dislike towards the offending immobile limbs. Patients with misoplegia may employ, but more commonly strike their paretic limbs not recognized as self. The pathophysiological mechanism is not well understood. The handful of cases of misoplegia described in the literature, frequently presented a right hemispheric damage. However, patients with chronic spinal cord injury may also present this symptomatology...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142569/prevalence-and-predictors-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Bushra Akram, Mehak Batool, Zeeshan Rafi, Abrar Akram
Objectives: To find the prevalence as well as to identify the predictors as protective and risk factors of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: In this analytical cross sectional survey 83 children with ASD age range from 8 to 18 years were selected through convenient sampling technique from five special schools of Lahore city. The Urdu form of a standardized tool was used to assess NSSI. Results: Statistical analysis indicated overall point prevalence of NSSI was 33%...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140129/calling-injury-timeouts-for-the-medical-evaluation-of-concussion-determinants-of-collegiate-football-officials-behavior
#3
Emily Kroshus, John Parsons, Brian Hainline
CONTEXT:   Sports officials can play an important role in concussion safety by calling injury timeouts so that athletic trainers can evaluate athletes with possible concussions. Understanding the determinants of whether officials call an injury timeout when they suspect a concussion has important implications for the design of interventions that better support officials in this role. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the knowledge of US collegiate football officials about concussion symptoms and to determine the associations between knowledge, perceived injunctive norms, and self-efficacy and calling injury timeouts for suspected concussions in athletes...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139337/do-people-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-benefit-from-making-errors-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-error-based-and-errorless-learning
#4
Tamara Ownsworth, Jennifer Fleming, Robyn Tate, Elizabeth Beadle, Janelle Griffin, Melissa Kendall, Julia Schmidt, Amanda Lane-Brown, Mathilde Chevignard, David H K Shum
BACKGROUND: Errorless learning (ELL) and error-based learning (EBL) are commonly used approaches to rehabilitation for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it is unknown whether making errors is beneficial in the learning process to promote skills generalization after severe TBI. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of ELL and EBL for improving skills generalization, self-awareness, behavioral competency, and psychosocial functioning after severe TBI...
November 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125997/non-suicidal-self-injury-emotional-eating-and-insomnia-after-child-sexual-abuse-are-those-symptoms-related-to-emotion-regulation
#5
Esra Demirci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to assess the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) on emotion regulation (ER) in adolescents and to evaluate the relationships between non suicidal self-injury (NSSI), emotional eating, insomnia and emotion disregulation (ED). METHOD: Fifty two adolescents, aged 10-18 years, without who weren't diagnosed a psychiatric disease before abuse and completed 6-months of follow-up after abuse included the study. Control group consisted of 33 healthy voluntary participants without any known psychiatric disorders...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125965/death-by-self-mutilation-after-oral-cannabis-consumption
#6
Clemence Delteil, Caroline Sastre, Marie-Dominique Piercecchi, Catherine Faget-Agius, Marc Deveaux, Pascal Kintz, Marc-Antoine Devooght, George Leonetti, Christophe Bartoli, Anne-Laure Pélissier-Alicot
Major self-mutilation (amputation, castration, self-inflicted eye injuries) is frequently associated with psychiatric disorders and/or substance abuse. A 35-year-old man presented with behavioral disturbances of sudden onset after oral cannabis consumption and major self-mutilation (attempted amputation of the right arm, self-enucleation of both eyes and impalement) which resulted in death. During the enquiry, four fragments of a substance resembling cannabis resin were seized at the victim's home. Autopsy confirmed that death was related to hemorrhage following the mutilations...
November 2, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125797/is-reduction-of-symptoms-in-eating-disorder-patients-after-1%C3%A2-year-of-treatment-related-to-attachment-security-and-mentalization
#7
Greet S Kuipers, Zara van Loenhout, L Andries van der Ark, Marrie H J Bekker
In a sample of 38 eating disorder (ED) patients who received psychotherapeutic treatment, changes in attachment security, and mentalization in relation to symptoms reduction were investigated. Attachment security improved in 1 year but was unrelated to improvement of ED or comorbid symptoms. Mentalization did not change significantly in 1 year. Pretreatment mentalization was negatively related to the severity of ED symptoms, trait anxiety, psycho-neuroticism, and self-injurious behavior after 1 year of treatment...
November 10, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122272/enhancing-yoga-participation-a-qualitative-investigation-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-yoga-among-predominantly-racial-ethnic-minority-low-income-adults
#8
Christine E Spadola, Rebecca Rottapel, Neha Khandpur, Emily Kontos, Suzanne M Bertisch, Dayna A Johnson, Mirja Quante, Sat Bir S Khalsa, Robert B Saper, Susan Redline
Yoga is underutilized among racial/ethnic minorities and low-income populations. To enhance participation among these demographic groups and to inform a future clinical trial, we conducted a qualitative formative investigation, informed by the Social Contextual Model of health behavior change, to identify barriers and facilitators to yoga that could impact study participation. We recruited twenty-four racially/ethnically diverse adults, with and without prior yoga experience, from a low-income, urban housing community to participate in either an individual interview or focus group...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120848/is-the-first-cut-really-the-deepest-frequency-and-recency-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-relation-to-psychopathology-and-dysregulation
#9
Melissa J Zielinski, Morgan A Hill, Jennifer C Veilleux
Research on nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has moved beyond examination of factors that associate with the mere presence or absence of the behavior, and into more nuanced examination of which discrete features of NSSI behavior relate to pathology. This study examined two features of NSSI, frequency of occurrence and recency, as cross-sectional predictors of psychopathology in a large community sample of adults with a history of NSSI (N = 315). Results of 2 × 2 factorial ANOVAs testing the interactive effects of NSSI frequency (clinical, subclinical) and recency (current, past) revealed that current NSSI was consistently associated with poorer emotional and behavioral health (e...
October 22, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116828/calling-injury-timeouts-for-the-medical-evaluation-of-concussion-determinants-of-collegiate-football-officials-behavior
#10
Emily Kroshus, John Parsons, Brian Hainline
CONTEXT:   Sports officials can play an important role in concussion safety by calling injury timeouts so that athletic trainers can evaluate athletes with possible concussions. Understanding the determinants of whether officials call an injury timeout when they suspect a concussion has important implications for the design of interventions that better support officials in this role. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the knowledge of US collegiate football officials about concussion symptoms and to determine the associations between knowledge, perceived injunctive norms, and self-efficacy and calling injury timeouts for suspected concussions in athletes...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112881/safe-driving-climate-among-friends-sdcaf-a-new-scale
#11
Noga Guggenheim, Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari
Reckless driving among young people, especially young men, is a major cause of injury and fatalities the world over. Like other aspects of this age group, young drivers' driving behaviors and norms are influenced by the accepted social discourse of their peers. Yet despite extensive existing knowledge on young drivers, very few studies have dealt specifically with their characteristic friendship relations. This lacuna in the literature may reflect the absence of specific research tools for examining driving with friends...
November 4, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112107/a-scoping-review-of-emergency-department-discharge-instructions-for-children-and-adolescents-with-mental-disorders
#12
Andrea L Murphy, Janet Curran, Amanda S Newton, Debbie Emberly, Cecilia McRae, Shannon MacPhee
BACKGROUND: Although most young people under the age of 25 years with mental health presentations to the emergency department (ED) are discharged home, several studies suggest discharge instructions are inadequate. We conducted a scoping review to characterize and map the literature, identify research gaps, and prioritize targeted areas for future reviews for ED discharge instructions for young people with mental disorders. METHODS: Our review was conducted in an iterative approach with 6 stages including identifying the research question, identifying relevant studies, study selection, data extraction, collaring and summarizing, and stakeholder engagement...
July 3, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098523/carbon-monoxide-alarm-and-smoke-alarm-use-among-parents-recruited-from-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#13
Kristin J Roberts, Erica Fowler, R Dawn Comstock, Soledad Fernandez, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Leslie Mihalov, Marcel J Casavant, Lara B McKenzie
Although the proper installation and maintenance of carbon monoxide (CO) and smoke alarms can protect individuals from residential CO-related and fire-related injuries, these devices are underutilized. We describe characteristics associated with self-reported CO and smoke alarm use of parents recruited from a pediatric emergency department to improve CO alarm use. Parents of children ≤ 18 years (N = 299) reported socio-demographic characteristics and CO and smoke alarm ownership and practices. We assigned participants to a behavioral profile and a Precaution Adoption Process Model stage based on their self-reported CO and smoke alarm use...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091780/social-connectedness-stressful-life-events-and-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-young-adults
#14
Natalia Macrynikola, Regina Miranda, Ariella Soffer
OBJECTIVES: Preventing self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) is particularly challenging on commuter campuses, given lower social cohesion and higher levels of stress than among traditional college populations. The present study examined the relationship between stressful life events (SLEs) and risk for different forms of SITBs, along with the potential buffering role of social connectedness, in a diverse sample of young adults from a commuter college. METHODS: Participants were 1712 (81% female; 61% racial/ethnic minority; 20% sexual minority) undergraduate and graduate students from a public commuter college in New York City...
September 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084102/lifetime-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury-and-current-disability-among-ohio-adults
#15
Honggang Yi, John D Corrigan, Bhavna Singichetti, Jennifer A Bogner, Kara Manchester, Jinhong Guo, Jingzhen Yang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between lifetime history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with loss of consciousness (LOC) and several types of current disability among adult, noninstitutionalized residents of Ohio. PARTICIPANTS: 2014 Ohio Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System participants (n = 6998). DESIGN: Statewide population-based survey. MAIN MEASURES: Lifetime history of TBI with LOC (number and severity of injury, age of first injury), and number and type of disability (vision, cognition, mobility, self-care, and/or independent living)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082787/psychopathology-and-borderline-personality-pathology-associated-with-lifetime-self-injurious-behavior-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients-and-detainees
#16
Julian Koenig, Romuald Brunner, Johannes Michael Schmidt, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
OBJECTIVE: Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is a widespread phenomenon among adolescent psychiatric inpatients. It is also reported among delinquent adolescents detained in correctional facilities. While previous studies have addressed different functions of SIB within offender populations, here we investigate particular patterns of borderline personality pathology and psychopathology underlying SIB in both adolescent psychiatric inpatients and detainees. METHOD: Adolescent psychiatric inpatients and detainees were recruited consecutively...
November 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078732/abnormal-turning-and-its-association-with-self-reported-symptoms-in-chronic-mtbi
#17
Peter C Fino, Lucy Parrington, Merissa Walls, Emily Sippel, Timothy E Hullar, James C Chesnutt, Laurie A King
Turning is common in daily activity and requires rapid, coordinated reorientation of the head and trunk, and pelvis towards the new direction of travel. Yet, turning gait has not been well explored in populations with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) who may alter their turning behavior according to self-perceived symptoms or motor dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to examine turning velocities and coordination in adults with chronic mTBI (>3 months post-injury and still reporting balance complaints) during a task simulating everyday ambulation...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076889/online-problem-solving-for-adolescent-brain-injury-a-randomized-trial-of-2-approaches
#18
Shari L Wade, Hudson Gerry Taylor, Keith Owen Yeates, Michael Kirkwood, Huaiyu Zang, Kelly McNally, Terry Stacin, Nanhua Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent traumatic brain injury (TBI) contributes to deficits in executive functioning and behavior, but few evidence-based treatments exist. We conducted a randomized clinical trial comparing Teen Online Problem Solving with Family (TOPS-Family) with Teen Online Problem Solving with Teen Only (TOPS-TO) or the access to Internet Resources Comparison (IRC) group. METHODS: Children, aged 11 to 18 years, who sustained a complicated mild-to-severe TBI in the previous 18 months were randomly assigned to the TOPS-Family (49), TOPS-TO (51), or IRC group (52)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073344/similarities-and-differences-in-the-functions-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-sex-as-self-injury-sasi
#19
Linda Sofia Jonsson, Carl Göran Svedin, Gisela Priebe, Cecilia Fredlund, Marie Wadsby, Maria Zetterqvist
Differences and similarities were studied in the functions of two different self-injurious behaviors (SIB): nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and sex as self-injury (SASI). Based on type of SIB reported, adolescents were classified in one of three groups: NSSI only (n = 910), SASI only (n = 41), and both NSSI and SASI (n = 76). There was support for functional equivalence in the two forms of SIB, with automatic functions being most commonly endorsed in all three groups. There were also functional differences, with adolescents in the SASI only group reporting more social influence functions than those with NSSI only...
October 26, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072583/self-injury-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disability-exploring-the-role-of-reactivity-to-pain-and-sensory-input
#20
REVIEW
Jane Summers, Ali Shahrami, Stefanie Cali, Chantelle D'Mello, Milena Kako, Andjelka Palikucin-Reljin, Melissa Savage, Olivia Shaw, Yona Lunsky
This paper provides information about the prevalence and topography of self-injurious behavior in children and adults with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability. Dominant models regarding the etiology of self-injury in this population are reviewed, with a focus on the role of reactivity to pain and sensory input. Neuroimaging studies are presented and suggestions are offered for future research.
October 26, 2017: Brain Sciences
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