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Self Injurious Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072044/predicting-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-borderline-personality-disorder-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#1
Brooke A Ammerman, Thomas M Olino, Emil F Coccaro, Michael S McCloskey
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a highly comorbid disorder, and these comorbidities increase the impairment associated with BPD. For example, depression, which occurs in the majority of individuals with BPD, increases the likelihood of an individual with BPD to engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Little research, however, has investigated potential mechanisms of NSSI engagement in this population. The current study aimed to fill this gap by examining momentary experiences, levels of distress tolerance, and NSSI among 51 individuals meeting current diagnostic criteria for BPD and a comorbid depressive disorder...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070787/predictors-of-self-injurious-behavior-and-self-restraint-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-towards-a-hypothesis-of-impaired-behavioral-control
#2
Caroline Richards, Louise Davies, Chris Oliver
Self-injury is common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however few studies have investigated correlates of self-injury or the putative associations with self-restraint. Questionnaire data on self-injury, self-restraint, health conditions, overactivity/impulsivity and repetitive/restricted behavior were collected on 208 children and 216 adults with ASD (mean age = 24.10, range 6-61). Self-injury and self-restraint were frequent and significantly associated in both children (45.7% and 40.9%, p < 0...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067728/advances-in-developmental-neuropsychiatry-autism-spectrum-disorder-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome-self-injurious-behavior-down-syndrome-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-and-borderline-intellectual-functioning
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066530/play-hands-protective-gloves-technical-note-on-design-and-concept
#4
Michele Houston-Hicks, Derek J Lura, M Jason Highsmith
Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the leading cause of childhood motor disability, with a global incidence of 1.6 to 2.5/1,000 live births. Approximately 23% of children with CP are dependent upon assistive technologies. Some children with developmental disabilities have self-injurious behaviors such as finger biting but also have therapeutic needs. The purpose of this technical note is to describe design considerations for a protective glove and finger covering that maintains finger dexterity for children who exhibit finger and hand chewing (dermatophagia) and require therapeutic range of motion and may benefit from sensory stimulation resulting from constant contact between glove and skin...
September 2016: Technology and Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060209/catechol-o-methyltransferase-genotypes-and-parenting-influence-on-long-term-executive-functioning-after-moderate-to-severe-early-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-an-exploratory-study
#5
Brad G Kurowski, Amery Treble-Barna, Huaiyu Zang, Nanhua Zhang, Lisa J Martin, Keith Owen Yeates, H Gerry Taylor, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVES: To examine catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) rs4680 genotypes as moderators of the effects of parenting style on postinjury changes in parent behavior ratings of executive dysfunction following moderate to severe early childhood traumatic brain injury. SETTING: Research was conducted in an outpatient setting. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included children admitted to hospital with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (n = 55) or orthopedic injuries (n = 70) between ages 3 and 7 years...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053837/causal-effect-of-self-esteem-on-cigarette-smoking-stages-in-adolescents-coarsened-exact-matching-in-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Ahmad Khosravi, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Ali Akbar Pouyan, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
OBJECTIVES: Identification of the causal impact of self-esteem on smoking stages faces seemingly insurmountable problems in observational data, where self-esteem is not manipulable by the researcher and cannot be assigned randomly. The aim of this study was to find out if weaker self-esteem in adolescence is a risk factor of cigarette smoking in a longitudinal study in Iran. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, 4,853 students (14-18 years) completed a self-administered multiple-choice anonym questionnaire...
December 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044436/evaluation-of-a-self-efficacy-enhancement-program-to-prevent-pressure-ulcers-in-patients-with-a-spinal-cord-injury
#7
Jung Yoon Kim, Eunhee Cho
AIM: This study developed a self-efficacy enhancement program and evaluated its effects on the self-care behaviors, self-care knowledge, and self-efficacy regarding pressure ulcer prevention in patients with a spinal cord injury. METHODS: This was a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Six hospitals were invited to recruit patients with a spinal cord injury who were undergoing rehabilitation after receiving acute treatment. These hospitals were randomly allocated into experimental (three hospitals) or control (three hospitals) groups and 47 patients participated (24 in the experimental group and 23 in the control group)...
January 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042643/the-role-of-adult-perceptions-and-supervision-behavior-in-preventing-child-injury
#8
Ha T Huynh, Natalie E Demeter, Rita V Burke, Jeffrey S Upperman
Supervision is an important factor in reducing injury risk. There are multiple factors that can affect the appropriate level of supervision including risk perception, anticipation of injury, and distracted behaviors. This study examined the perceived risks of child injury among parents and child caregivers and their supervision behavior among adults in an urban playground. Participant data from 25 individuals were collected through observations and anonymous self-reported surveys. More than half of the participants indicated practice of appropriate supervisory behavior, including attentiveness to their child's behavior and proximity to their child during play...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042532/satellite-cells-contribution-to-exercise-mediated-muscle-hypertrophy-and-repair
#9
REVIEW
Behzad Bazgir, Rouhollah Fathi, Mojtaba Rezazadeh Valojerdi, Paul Mozdziak, Alireza Asgari
Satellite cells (SCs) are the most abundant skeletal muscle stem cells. They are widely recognized for their contributions to maintenance of muscle mass, regeneration and hypertrophy during the human life span. These cells are good candidates for cell therapy due to their self-renewal capabilities and presence in an undifferentiated form. Presently, a significant gap exists between our knowledge of SCs behavior and their application as a means for human skeletal muscle tissue repair and regeneration. Both physiological and pathological stimuli potentially affect SCs activation, proliferation, and terminal differentiation the former category being the focus of this article...
2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040576/a-short-term-longitudinal-examination-of-the-relations-between-depression-anhedonia-and-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-adults-with-a-history-of-self-injury
#10
Melissa J Zielinski, Jennifer C Veilleux, E Samuel Winer, Michael R Nadorff
BACKGROUND: Limited research has addressed the role of anhedonia in predicting suicidality and/or nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adults, despite evidence suggesting that loss of interest or pleasure may increase vulnerability for self-inflicted harm, even beyond other depressive symptoms. METHODS: In the current study, we explored the role of symptoms of depression and recent changes in anhedonia in predicting suicidality, NSSI ideation, and perceptions of NSSI helpfulness among individuals with a history of NSSI or suicide attempts (N=187)...
December 7, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032344/further-analysis-of-subtypes-of-automatically-reinforced-sib-a-replication-and-quantitative-analysis-of-published-datasets
#11
Louis P Hagopian, Griffin W Rooker, Jennifer R Zarcone, Andrew C Bonner, Alexander R Arevalo
Hagopian, Rooker, and Zarcone (2015) evaluated a model for subtyping automatically reinforced self-injurious behavior (SIB) based on its sensitivity to changes in functional analysis conditions and the presence of self-restraint. The current study tested the generality of the model by applying it to all datasets of automatically reinforced SIB published from 1982 to 2015. We identified 49 datasets that included sufficient data to permit subtyping. Similar to the original study, Subtype-1 SIB was generally amenable to treatment using reinforcement alone, whereas Subtype-2 SIB was not...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029067/the-relationship-between-the-implementation-and-effectiveness-of-a-nationwide-physical-activity-telephone-counseling-service-for-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Jennifer R Tomasone, Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
PURPOSE: Get in Motion (GIM) is an evidence-based telephone counseling service that promotes leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among Canadian adults with spinal cord injury (SCI). The first phase of GIM sustained intentions for, and increased participation in, LTPA; however, it is unclear how GIM led to these outcomes. The purpose of this study was to explore the implementation correlates of change in LTPA intentions and behavior in the second phase of GIM. METHODS: The frequency, duration, and content of counseling sessions were tailored to meet clients' (N = 46; 50...
December 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012429/excess-mortality-among-people-who-report-lifetime-use-of-illegal-drugs-in-the-united-states-a-20-year-follow-up-of-a-nationally-representative-survey
#13
Elizabeth Reisinger Walker, Laura A Pratt, Charlotte A Schoenborn, Benjamin G Druss
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the mortality risks, over 20 years of follow-up in a nationally representative sample, associated with illegal drug use and to describe risk factors for mortality. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 1991 National Health Interview Survey, which is a nationally representative household survey in the United States, linked to the National Death Index through 2011. This study included 20,498 adults, aged 18-44 years in 1991, with 1047 subsequent deaths...
November 24, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009694/can-emergency-department-hospital-discharge-and-death-data-be-used-to-monitor-burden-of-drug-overdose-in-rhode-island
#14
Yongwen Jiang, James V McDonald, Jennifer Koziol, Meghan McCormick, Samara Viner-Brown, Nicole Alexander-Scott
CONTEXT: Drug overdoses are a growing public health problem in the United States. Rhode Island is also confronted with a serious epidemic of drug overdose deaths and ranks sixth worst in the United States for age-adjusted drug overdose death rate. OBJECTIVE: To monitor trends of drug overdose-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths and classify the drug overdoses by demographics, discharge status, intent, and specific drug involved to plan for health care resource allocation, mental health services, drug abuse treatment, prevention, and policies...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997482/bringing-healthy-aging-to-scale-a-randomized-trial-of-a-quality-improvement-intervention-to-increase-adoption-of-evidence-based-health-promotion-programs-by-community-partners
#15
James H Ford, Betsy Abramson, Meg Wise, Melissa Dattalo, Jane E Mahoney
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a quality improvement intervention to increase delivery of 2 evidence-based health promotion workshops, Stepping On and Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP), in rural communities. DESIGN: A cluster-randomized wait-list control group design. SETTING: Rural Wisconsin counties with trained workshop leaders but no workshops in the prior year were eligible to participate. INTERVENTION: Sixteen counties were randomized to receive the NIATx intervention or wait-list control...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991808/suicide-and-self-injury-related-implicit-cognition-a-large-scale-examination-and-replication
#16
Jeffrey J Glenn, Alexandra J Werntz, S J Katarina Slama, Shari A Steinman, Bethany A Teachman, Matthew K Nock
Suicide and self-injury are difficult to predict because at-risk individuals are often unable or unwilling to report their intentions. Therefore, tools to reliably assess risk without reliance on self-report are critically needed. Prior research suggests that people who engage in suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) often implicitly (i.e., outside conscious control) associate themselves with self-harm and death, indicating that self-harm-related implicit cognition may serve as a useful behavioral marker for suicide risk...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987349/differentials-in-variables-associated-with-past-history-of-artificial-abortion-and-current-contraception-by-age-results-of-a-randomized-national-survey-in-japan
#17
Takao Kojo, Ryusuke Ae, Satoshi Tsuboi, Yosikazu Nakamura, Kunio Kitamura
AIM: This study analyzes differentials in the variables associated with the experience of artificial abortion (abortion) and use of contraception by age among women in Japan. METHODS: The 2010 National Lifestyle and Attitudes Towards Sexual Behavior Survey was distributed to 2693 men and women aged 16-49 selected from the Japanese population using a two-stage random sampling procedure. From the 1540 respondents, we selected 700 women who reported having had sexual intercourse at least once...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984526/incident-and-long-term-opioid-therapy-among-patients-with-psychiatric-conditions-and-medications-a-national-study-of-commercial-health-care-claims
#18
Patrick D Quinn, Kwan Hur, Zheng Chang, Erin E Krebs, Matthew J Bair, Eric L Scott, Martin E Rickert, Robert D Gibbons, Kurt Kroenke, Brian M DʼOnofrio
There is growing evidence that opioid prescribing in the United States follows a pattern in which patients who are at the highest risk of adverse outcomes from opioids are more likely to receive long-term opioid therapy. These patients include, in particular, those with substance use disorders (SUDs) and other psychiatric conditions. This study examined health insurance claims among 10,311,961 patients who filled prescriptions for opioids. Specifically, we evaluated how opioid receipt differed among patients with and without a wide range of preexisting psychiatric and behavioral conditions (ie, opioid and nonopioid SUDs, suicide attempts or other self-injury, motor vehicle crashes, and depressive, anxiety, and sleep disorders) and psychoactive medications (ie, antidepressants, benzodiazepines, hypnotics, mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and medications used for SUD, tobacco cessation, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder)...
January 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978502/associations-between-emotion-regulation-difficulties-eating-disorder-symptoms-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-heterogeneous-eating-disorder-sample
#19
Emily M Pisetsky, Ann F Haynos, Jason M Lavender, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
BACKGROUND: This study examined the associations between specific dimensions of emotion dysregulation and eating disorder (ED) symptoms and behaviors, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and suicide attempts in a heterogeneous ED sample. METHODS: Participants (N=110) completed the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), and self-reported the presence of lifetime NSSI and a lifetime suicide attempt. RESULTS: The EDE-Q global score, a primarily cognitive measure of ED symptoms, was significantly positively correlated with DERS strategies, clarity, and awareness subscale scores and DERS total score (ps<0...
November 30, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969068/psychological-characteristics-of-self-harming-behavior-in-korean-adolescents
#20
Woo Kyeong Lee
Recently, self-injury is drawing the attention of researchers and clinicians. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and psychological characteristics of adolescents who engage in self-harm and to examine the risk factors for engaging in this harmful behavior among Korean mid-adolescents. Participants were 784 adolescents aged 13-15 years. They completed self-report questionnaires that assessed (1) Non-Suicidal Self-Injury: the Self-Harm Questionnaire, Toronto Alexithymia Scale; (2) depression: Children's Depression Inventory; (3) adolescent-parent relationship: Parental Bonding Instrument; (4) peer attachment: Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment; and (5) academic stress...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
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