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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774207/overview-of-social-cognitive-dysfunctions-in-rare-developmental-syndromes-with-psychiatric-phenotype
#1
REVIEW
Aurore Morel, Elodie Peyroux, Arnaud Leleu, Emilie Favre, Nicolas Franck, Caroline Demily
Rare neurodevelopmental syndromes often present social cognitive deficits that may underlie difficulties in social interactions and increase the risk of psychosis or autism spectrum disorders. However, little is known regarding the specificities of social cognitive impairment across syndromes while it remains a major challenge for the care. Our review provides an overview of social cognitive dysfunctions in rare diseases associated with psychiatric symptoms (with a prevalence estimated between 1 in 1,200 and 1 in 25,000 live births: 22q11...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691480/an-estimation-of-the-prevalence-of-genomic-disorders-using-chromosomal-microarray-data
#2
Madelyn A Gillentine, Philip J Lupo, Pawel Stankiewicz, Christian P Schaaf
Multiple genomic disorders result from recurrent deletions or duplications between low copy repeat (LCR) clusters, mediated by nonallelic homologous recombination. These copy number variants (CNVs) often exhibit variable expressivity and/or incomplete penetrance. However, the population prevalence of many genomic disorders has not been estimated accurately. A subset of genomic disorders similarly characterized by CNVs between LCRs have been studied epidemiologically, including Williams-Beuren syndrome (7q11...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672823/developmental-disorders-with-intellectual-disability-driven-by-chromatin-dysregulation-clinical-overlaps-and-molecular-mechanisms
#3
REVIEW
L Larizza, P Finelli
Advances in genomic analyses based on next generation sequencing and integrated omics approaches, have accelerated in an unprecedented way the discovery of causative genes of developmental delay (DD) and intellectual disability (ID) disorders. Chromatin dysregulation has been recognized as common pathomechanism of mendelian DD/ID syndromes due to mutation in genes encoding chromatin regulators referred as transcriptomopathies or epigenetic disorders. Common to these syndromes are the wide phenotypic breadth and the recognition of groups of distinct syndromes with shared signs besides cognitive impairment, likely mirroring common molecular mechanisms...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494847/production-and-characterization-of-cssi003-2961-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-ipscs-carrying-a-novel-puntiform-mutation-in-rai1-gene-causative-of-smith-magenis-syndrome
#4
Filomena Altieri, Elisa Maria Turco, Ersilia Vinci, Barbara Torres, Daniela Ferrari, Antonella De Jaco, Gianluigi Mazzoccoli, Giuseppe Lamorte, Annamaria Nardone, Matteo Della Monica, Laura Bernardini, Angelo Luigi Vescovi, Jessica Rosati
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a complex genetic disorder characterized by developmental delay, behavioural problems and circadian rhythm dysregulation. About 90% of SMS cases are due to a 17p11.2 deletion containing retinoic acid induced1 (RAI1) gene, 10% are due to heterozygous mutations affecting RAI1 coding region. Little is known about RAI1 role.
April 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490614/a-cross-syndrome-cohort-comparison-of-sleep-disturbance-in-children-with-smith-magenis-syndrome-angelman-syndrome-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#5
J Trickett, M Heald, C Oliver, C Richards
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is common in children with neurodevelopmental disorders, with high rates identified in children with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS), Angelman syndrome (AS), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Phenotypic sleep profiles for these groups may implicate different pathways to sleep disturbance. At present, cross-group comparisons that might elucidate putative phenotypic sleep characteristics are limited by measurement differences between studies...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346496/melanopsin-system-dysfunction-in-smith-magenis-syndrome-patients
#6
Mirella Telles Salgueiro Barboni, Clarissa Bueno, Balázs Vince Nagy, Patrícia Lobo Maia, Kallene Summer Moreira Vidal, Rosana Cardoso Alves, Russel J Reiter, Fernanda Gaspar do Amaral, José Cipolla-Neto, Dora Fix Ventura
Purpose: Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) causes sleep disturbance that is related to an abnormal melatonin profile. It is not clear how the genomic disorder leads to a disturbed synchronization of the sleep/wake rhythm in SMS patients. To evaluate the integrity of the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cell (ipRGC)/melanopsin system, the transducers of the light-inhibitory effect on pineal melatonin synthesis, we recorded pupillary light responses (PLR) in SMS patients. Methods: Subjects were SMS patients (n = 5), with molecular diagnosis and melatonin levels measured for 24 hours and healthy controls (n = 4)...
January 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329513/the-behavioural-phenotype-of-potocki-lupski-syndrome-a-cross-syndrome-comparison
#7
Stacey Bissell, Lucy Wilde, Caroline Richards, Jo Moss, Chris Oliver
BACKGROUND: Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS) and Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) are related genomic disorders, as duplication 17p11.2 (associated with PTLS) is the reciprocal recombination product of the SMS microdeletion. While SMS has a relatively well-delineated behavioural phenotype, the behavioural profile in PTLS is less well defined, despite purported associations with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and the suggestion that some behaviours may be diametric to those seen in SMS. METHODS: Caregivers of individuals with PTLS (N = 34; M age = 12...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321841/reversed-gender-ratio-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-smith-magenis-syndrome
#8
Heidi Elisabeth Nag, Ann Nordgren, Britt-Marie Anderlid, Terje Nærland
Background: A substantial amount of research shows a higher rate of autistic type of problems in males compared to females. The 4:1 male to female ratio is one of the most consistent findings in autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Lately, the interest in studying ASD in genetic disorders has increased, and research has shown a higher prevalence of ASD in some genetic disorders than in the general population.Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a rare and complex genetic syndrome caused by an interstitial deletion of chromosome 17p11...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318608/functional-analysis-and-treatment-of-problem-behavior-related-to-mands-for-rearrangement
#9
Mariana Torres-Viso, Craig W Strohmeier, Jennifer R Zarcone
This study is a systematic replication of a functional analysis (FA) of the relation between mands and problem behavior. We extended treatment approaches for this problem behavior function, and describe the treatment of problem behavior related to mands for rearrangement demonstrated by a 12-year-old girl with autism spectrum disorder and Smith-Magenis syndrome. The mands consisted of requests for others to change their body positioning or proximity, or rearrange items back to their original position. An FA confirmed the relation between problem behavior and mand compliance, and functional communication training with extinction decreased problem behavior and increased functional communication responses...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247566/application-of-the-bacs-on-beads%C3%A2-assay-for-rapid-prenatal-detection-application-of-bobs%C3%A2-for-pnd-of-aneuploidies-and-microdeletions
#10
Hailong Huang, Min Zhang, Yan Wang, Na Lin, Deqin He, Meihuan Chen, Lingji Chen, Yuan Lin, Liangpu Xu
Prenatal diagnosis focuses on the detection of anatomic and physiologic problems with a foetus before birth. Karyotyping is currently considered the gold standard for prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities, but this method can be time consuming. This study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the BACs-on-BeadsTM (BoBs™) assay for the rapid diagnosis of aneuploidies and microdeletions. A total of 625 samples from pregnant women in Fujian province, in southeastern China-including three chorionic villus biopsies, 523 amniotic fluid samples, and 99 umbilical-cord centesis samples-were assessed for chromosomal abnormalities by karyotyping and by the BoBs™ assay...
February 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181966/bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-body-composition-in-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#11
Alessandra Gonçalves Machado, Marina Lummertz Magenis, Angela M Bongiolo, Kamila Castro, Marco A da Silva, Ingrid D Schweigert Perry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138588/-rai1-gene-mutations-mechanisms-of-smith-magenis-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Mariateresa Falco, Sonia Amabile, Fabio Acquaviva
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS; OMIM #182290) is a complex genetic disorder characterized by distinctive physical features, developmental delay, cognitive impairment, and a typical behavioral phenotype. SMS is caused by interstitial 17p11.2 deletions, encompassing multiple genes and including the retinoic acid-induced 1 gene ( RAI1 ), or by mutations in RAI1 itself. About 10% of all the SMS patients, in fact, carry an RAI1 mutation responsible for the phenotype. RAI1 (OMIM *607642) is a dosage-sensitive gene expressed in many tissues and highly conserved among species...
2017: Application of Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096777/efficacy-and-safety-of-pediatric-prolonged-release-melatonin-for-insomnia-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Paul Gringras, Tali Nir, John Breddy, Anat Frydman-Marom, Robert L Findling
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of novel pediatric-appropriate, prolonged-release melatonin minitablets (PedPRM) versus placebo for insomnia in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with or without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) comorbidity, and neurogenetic disorders (NGD). METHOD: A total of 125 children and adolescents (2-17.5 years of age; 96.8% ASD, 3.2% Smith-Magenis syndrome [SMS]) whose sleep failed to improve on behavioral intervention alone were randomized (1:1 ratio), double-blind, to receive PedPRM (2 mg escalated to 5 mg) or placebo for 13 weeks...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077507/multiethnic-meta-analysis-identifies-rai1-as-a-possible-obstructive-sleep-apnea-related-quantitative-trait-locus-in-men
#14
Han Chen, Brian E Cade, Kevin J Gleason, Andrew C Bjonnes, Adrienne M Stilp, Tamar Sofer, Matthew P Conomos, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Raanan Arens, Ali Azarbarzin, Graeme I Bell, Jennifer E Below, Sung Chun, Daniel S Evans, Ralf Ewert, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Sina A Gharib, José Haba-Rubio, Erika W Hagen, Raphael Heinzer, David R Hillman, W Craig Johnson, Zoltan Kutalik, Jacqueline M Lane, Emma K Larkin, Seung Ku Lee, Jingjing Liang, Jose S Loredo, Sutapa Mukherjee, Lyle J Palmer, George J Papanicolaou, Thomas Penzel, Paul E Peppard, Wendy S Post, Alberto R Ramos, Ken Rice, Jerome I Rotter, Scott A Sands, Neomi A Shah, Chol Shin, Katie L Stone, Beate Stubbe, Jae Hoon Sul, Mehdi Tafti, Kent D Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Timothy A Thornton, Gregory J Tranah, Chaolong Wang, Heming Wang, Simon C Warby, D Andrew Wellman, Phyllis C Zee, Craig L Hanis, Cathy C Laurie, Daniel J Gottlieb, Sanjay R Patel, Xiaofeng Zhu, Shamil R Sunyaev, Richa Saxena, Xihong Lin, Susan Redline
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common heritable disorder displaying marked sexual dimorphism in disease prevalence and progression. Previous genetic association studies have identified a few genetic loci associated with OSA and related quantitative traits, but they have only focused on single ethnic groups, and a large proportion of the heritability remains unexplained. The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) is a commonly used quantitative measure characterizing OSA severity. Because OSA differs by sex, and the pathophysiology of obstructive events differ in rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) sleep, we hypothesized that additional genetic association signals would be identified by analyzing the NREM/REM-specific AHI and by conducting sex-specific analyses in multiethnic samples...
March 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981937/-application-of-chromosomal-microarray-analysis-for-fetuses-with-ventricular-septal-defects
#15
Qiong Deng, Fang Fu, Ru Li, Xiangyi Jing, Tingying Lei, Xin Yang, Min Pan, Li Zhen, Jin Han, Can Liao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic etiology of fetuses with ventricular septal defects (VSD) using chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). METHODS: A total of 248 fetuses were divided into isolated VSD group, VSD with other cardiac and/or great vessels malformation group, VSD with extra-cardiac anomalies group (including malformation and sonographic soft markers), and VSD with both cardiac and extra-cardiac anomalies group. Standard karyotyping was carried out for all fetuses, and CMA was performed for 6 fetuses with an abnormal karyotype and a proportion of fetuses with a normal karyotype...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918392/cnvs-affecting-cancer-predisposing-genes-cpgs-detected-as-incidental-findings-in-routine-germline-diagnostic-chromosomal-microarray-cma-testing
#16
Josie Innes, Lisa Reali, Jill Clayton-Smith, Georgina Hall, Derek Hk Lim, George J Burghel, Kim French, Unzela Khan, Daniel Walker, Fiona Lalloo, D Gareth R Evans, Dominic McMullan, Eamonn R Maher, Emma R Woodward
BACKGROUND: Identification of CNVs through chromosomal microarray (CMA) testing is the first-line investigation in individuals with learning difficulties/congenital abnormalities. Although recognised that CMA testing may identify CNVs encompassing a cancer predisposition gene (CPG), limited information is available on the frequency and nature of such results. METHODS: We investigated CNV gains and losses affecting 39 CPGs in 3366 pilot index case individuals undergoing CMA testing, and then studied an extended cohort (n=10 454) for CNV losses at 105 CPGs and CNV gains at 9 proto-oncogenes implicated in inherited cancer susceptibility...
February 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905115/clinical-application-of-snp-array-analysis-in-fetuses-with-ventricular-septal-defects-and-normal-karyotypes
#17
Fang Fu, Qiong Deng, Ting-Ying Lei, Ru Li, Xiang-Yi Jing, Xin Yang, Can Liao
PURPOSE: The present study aims to evaluate the utility of high-resolution single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays in fetuses with ventricular septal defects (VSDs) with or without other structural anomalies but with normal karyotypes and to investigate the outcomes of cases of prenatal VSDs via clinical follow-up. METHODS: We analyzed 144 fetuses with VSDs and normal karyotypes using Affymetrix CytoScan HD arrays and the analyses were carried out a year after birth...
November 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895939/sleep-disorders-in-childhood-neurogenetic-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Laura Beth Mann Dosier, Bradley V Vaughn, Zheng Fan
enetic advances in the past three decades have transformed our understanding and treatment of many human diseases including neurogenetic disorders. Most neurogenetic disorders can be classified as "rare disease," but collectively neurogenetic disorders are not rare and are commonly encountered in general pediatric practice. The authors decided to select eight relatively well-known neurogenetic disorders including Down syndrome, Angelman syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Smith-Magenis syndrome, congenital central hypoventilation syndrome, achondroplasia, mucopolysaccharidoses, and Duchenne muscular dystrophy...
September 12, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794907/rai1-overexpression-promotes-altered-circadian-gene-expression-and-dyssomnia-in-potocki-lupski-syndrome
#19
Sureni V Mullegama, Joseph T Alaimo, Michael D Fountain, Brooke Burns, Amanda Hebert Balog, Li Chen, Sarah H Elsea
Retinoic acid induced 1 ( RAI1 ) encodes a dosage-sensitive gene that when haploinsufficient results in Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) and when overexpressed results in Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS). Phenotypic and molecular evidence illustrates that haploinsufficiency of RAI1 disrupts circadian rhythm through the dysregulation of the master circadian regulator, circadian locomotor output cycles kaput ( CLOCK) , and other core circadian components, contributing to prominent sleep disturbances in SMS. However, the phenotypic and molecular characterization of sleep features in PTLS has not been elucidated...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668215/-social-cognition-in-children-with-neurogenetic-syndromes-a-literature-review
#20
A Morel, C Demily
Social cognitive impairments may largely contribute to reduced social skills and adaptive problems in individuals with microdeletion syndromes associated with behavioral and psychiatric phenotypes. Understanding the role of social information processing deficits in the emergence of psychotic disorders is a crucial challenge in the management of these patients. Each neurogenetic disorder is characterized by a specific social cognition phenotype. Clarifying the social ability profile of each population may help adjust patient care according to their key strengths and weaknesses...
June 28, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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