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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899211/factorial-validity-of-the-movement-assessment-battery-for-children-2nd-edition-mabc-2-in-7-6-year-olds
#1
Rudolf Psotta, Reza Abdollahipour
The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2nd Edition (MABC-2) is a test of motor development, widely used in clinical and research settings. To address which motor abilities are actually captured by the motor tasks in the two age versions of the MABC-2, the AB2 for 7- 10-year-olds and the AB3 for 11- 16-year-olds, we examined AB2 and AB3 factorial validity. We conducted confirmatory factor analysis (SPSS AMOS 22.0) on data from the test's standardization samples of children aged 7-10, n = 483, and 11-16, n = 674, in order to find the best fitting models...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886724/composition-of-anopheles-mosquitoes-their-blood-meal-hosts-and-plasmodium-falciparum-infection-rates-in-three-islands-with-disparate-bed-net-coverage-in-lake-victoria-kenya
#2
Edwin Ogola, Jandouwe Villinger, Danspaid Mabuka, David Omondi, Benedict Orindi, James Mutunga, Vincent Owino, Daniel K Masiga
BACKGROUND: Small islands serve as potential malaria reservoirs through which new infections might come to the mainland and may be important targets in malaria elimination efforts. This study investigated malaria vector species diversity, blood-meal hosts, Plasmodium infection rates, and long-lasting insecticidal net (LLIN) coverage on Mageta, Magare and Ngodhe Islands of Lake Victoria in western Kenya, a region where extensive vector control is implemented on the mainland. RESULTS: From trapping for six consecutive nights per month (November 2012 to March 2015) using CDC light traps, pyrethrum spray catches and backpack aspiration, 1868 Anopheles mosquitoes were collected...
September 8, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864902/fatty-acid-composition-of-odonate-s-eyes
#3
N N Sushchik, O N Popova, O N Makhutova, M I Gladyshev
We have studied the fatty acid composition of eyes of amphibiotic insects, namely, the odonate Sympetrum flaveolum. The main polyunsaturated fatty acid of odonate's eyes has been found to be 20:5n-3 (eicosapentaenoic fatty acid, EPA) rather than 18:2n-6 and 18:3n-3, which usually dominate in eyes of terrestrial insects, or 22:6n-3, which dominates in eyes of vertebrates. The prevalence of EPA in odonate's eyes probably provides a more effective transmission of light signal in this animal compared to terrestrial insects...
July 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841696/trans-regional-migration-of-the-beet-armyworm-spodoptera-exigua-lepidoptera-noctuidae-in-north-east-asia
#4
Xiaowei Fu, Hongqiang Feng, Zhongfang Liu, Kongming Wu
The beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is a serious polyphagous insect pest worldwide. This species is known as a long-distance migrant, and previous studies on its migration have been mostly carried out in regions where it can overwinter. However, what pattern of seasonal migration this species exhibits in regions where it cannot overwinter (i.e., the 'summer breeding region') remains unknown. Here, we present data from 14-years of monitoring on a small remote island located in the center of the Bohai Strait, in northern China, by means of searchlight trapping and ovarian dissection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826566/growth-hormone-activates-hepatic-and-cerebral-cholesterol-metabolism-in-small-for-gestational-age-children-without-catch-up-growth
#5
Satoshi Hirayama, Hironori Nagasaka, Saori Nakagawa, Mayuko Takuwa, Mariko Nakacho, Tohru Yorifuji, Hiroki Kondou, Hirokazu Tsukahara, Ichiro Morioka, Akihito Ishida, Susumu Yamato, Takashi Miida
BACKGROUND: Growth hormone (GH) replacement therapy improves hypercholesterolemia in patients with GH deficiency, suggesting that GH modulates cholesterol metabolism. OBJECTIVES: We examined GH effects on lipid profiles and cholesterol-related markers reflecting hepatic and cerebral cholesterol metabolism in small-for-gestational age (SGA) children without catch-up growth. METHODS: This study examined SGA children without catch-up growth (n = 22) and healthy children (controls, n = 11)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805243/factors-associated-with-acceptance-of-pandemic-flu-vaccine-by-healthcare-professionals-in-spain-2009-2010
#6
Tania Fernández-Villa, Antonio J Molina, Nuria Torner, Jesus Castilla, Jenaro Astray, Susana García-Gutiérrez, José María Mayoral, Sonia Tamames, Ángela Domínguez, Vicente Martín
The A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza virus reached pandemic level in Spain in 2009, prompting a national vaccination campaign. To avoid transmission to patients, healthcare professionals' vaccination against pandemic influenza is crucial. The main objective of this study was to analyze factors associated with the failure by healthcare professionals to accept the pandemic vaccination in 2009. A cross-sectional survey was conducted of healthcare professionals in seven of Spain's autonomous regions. A questionnaire was used to collect information about personal and professional details, the respondents' flu vaccination status in the 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 seasons (seasonal and pandemic vaccines), and their knowledge and attitudes...
October 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727643/improving-early-adolescent-girls-motor-skill-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Natalie Lander, Philip J Morgan, Jo Salmon, Lisa M Barnett
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels decline substantially during adolescence, and are consistently lower in girls. Competency in a range of fundamental movement skills (FMS) may serve as a protective factor for the decline in PA typically observed in adolescent girls; yet, girls' mastery in FMS is low. Whilst interventions can improve FMS, there is a lack of interventions targeting girls, and very few are conducted in high schools. Additionally, interventions are usually conducted by researchers, not teachers, and thus have little chance of being embedded into curricula...
July 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716116/catching-and-monitoring-clinical-innovation-through-performance-indicators-the-case-of-the-breast-conserving-surgery-indicator
#8
Anna Maria Murante, Silvio Candelori, Paola Rucci, Sabina Nuti, Manuela Roncella, Matteo Ghilli, Andrea Mercatelli, Maria Pia Fantini
BACKGROUND: The evolution in the surgical and diagnostic procedures, the attention to women's preferences, the case mix, and differences in professional practices may lead to a variability in the quality of breast cancer clinical pathway. To catch and manage this variability it is important to use valid measures. The aim of this paper is to examine the concurrent validity of the breast-conserving surgery (BCS) indicator and to provide evidence to guide the quality improvement process...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697501/born-small-for-gestational-age-and-poor-school-performance-how-small-is-too-small
#9
Linda Lindström, Anna-Karin Wikström, Eva Bergman, Maria Lundgren
AIM: To assess the relationship between severity of small for gestational age (SGA) and the risk of poor school performance, and to investigate whether adult stature modifies this risk. METHODS: 1,088,980 Swedish children born at term between 1973 and 1988 were categorized into severe SGA (less than -3 standard deviations (SD) of expected birth weight), moderate SGA (-2.01 to -3 SD), mild SGA (-1.01 to -2 SD), and appropriate for gestational age (-1 to 0.99 SD)...
July 11, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685833/reproductive-biology-of-psammobatis-rutrum-chondrichthyes-arhynchobatidae-in-south-brazil-south-west-atlantic
#10
M F Martins, M C Oddone
This study presents information on the reproductive biology of Psammobatis rutrum based on 55 males and 53 females obtained as by-catch from bottom trawlers off southern Brazil during July 2013 and September 2014 and includes a detailed description of the egg capsule. Total lengths (LT ) ranged from 22·3 to 31·6 cm and most of the sample comprised larger individuals, although there were no sexual differences in length-frequency distributions. Significant sexual differences were found for total length-disc width, LT -body mass and LT -eviscerated body mass relationships, with females being heavier and larger...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648334/catch-22-management-of-aortoesophageal-fistula-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#11
EDITORIAL
John S Ikonomidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644566/clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-liver-transplantation-for-alagille-syndrome-in-children
#12
Tao Zhou, Jianjun Zhang, Yi Luo, Yuan Liu, Sy Zhuang, Feng Xue, Longzhi Han, Qiang Xia
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze clinical characteristics and outcome of liver transplantation for Alagille syndrome in children. METHOD: By retrospectively reviewing the medical records of 9 Alagille syndrome patients(AGS) with liver transplantation(LT) in Renji Hospital between 2006 and 2015,After operative,the height and weight Z score were compared with preoperative. RESULT: There were 9 patients included in the study; cholestasis and peculiar faces were seen in all of the patients (100%), heart defect in 8 patients (88...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542258/bycatch-in-the-maldivian-pole-and-line-tuna-fishery
#13
Kelsey I Miller, Ibrahim Nadheeh, A Riyaz Jauharee, R Charles Anderson, M Shiham Adam
Tropical tuna fisheries are among the largest worldwide, with some having significant bycatch issues. However, pole-and-line tuna fisheries are widely believed to have low bycatch rates, although these have rarely been quantified. The Maldives has an important pole-and-line fishery, targeting skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis). In the Maldives, 106 pole-and-line tuna fishing days were observed between August 2014 and November 2015. During 161 fishing events, tuna catches amounted to 147 t: 72% by weight was skipjack, 25% yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) and 3% other tunas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532990/-catch-22-biosecurity-awareness-interpretation-and-practice-amongst-poultry-catchers
#14
Caroline Millman, Rob Christley, Dan Rigby, Diana Dennis, Sarah J O'Brien, Nicola Williams
Campylobacter contamination of chicken on sale in the UK remains at high levels and has a substantial public health impact. This has prompted the application of many interventions in the supply chain, including enhanced biosecurity measures on-farm. Catching and thinning are acknowledged as threats to the maintenance of good biosecurity, yet the people employed to undertake this critical work (i.e. 'catchers') are a rarely studied group. This study uses a mixed methods approach to investigate catchers' (n=53) understanding of the biosecurity threats posed by the catching and thinning, and the barriers to good biosecurity practice...
June 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525634/association-between-weekend-catch-up-sleep-and-lower-body-mass-population-based-study
#15
Hee-Jin Im, Shin-Hye Baek, Min Kyung Chu, Kwang Ik Yang, Won-Joo Kim, Seong-Ho Park, Robert J Thomas, Chang-Ho Yun
Study Objectives: To determine if weekend catch-up sleep (CUS) impacts body mass index (BMI) in the general population. Methods: A stratified random sample (2156 subjects; age 19-82 years old, 43.0 ± 14.5; 1183 male) from the general population was evaluated, in 2010, using face-to-face interviews about sociodemographic characteristics, height, weight, habitual sleep duration, and time-in-bed at night on weekdays and weekend, sleep-related profiles, mood and anxiety scales, and comorbid-medical conditions...
July 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523175/a-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-catch-22-situation-inferior-vena-caval-filter-plays-a-pivotal-role-in-an-unlikely-situation
#16
Karthik Seetharam, Elbert E Williams, Elizabeth Oswald, Ramachandra Reddy
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a rare clinical entity that occurs in a small subset of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) cases and is surgically cured by pulmonary endarterectomy. We report a case of a 44-year-old female with a complex history of CTEPH treated by thromboendarterectomy who presented with a subdural hematoma while on warfarin. The patient eventually recovered by a multidisciplinary approach, use of inferior vena caval filter, and effective anticoagulation management.
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523017/antibiotic-susceptibility-in-commonly-isolated-pathogens-from-urinary-tract-infection-in-a-cohort-of-subjects-from-low-socioeconomic-strata
#17
Saera Suhail Kidwai, Ayesha Nageen, Samina Ghaznavi, Farhat Bashir, Jamal Ara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infection is one of the commonest infections seen in clinical practice. Lack of compliance and unjustified antibiotic prescriptions has resulted in bacterial resistance and is proving as a major challenge in the management of these infections. Our aim was to identify the sensitivity pattern of commonly used antibiotics against urinary tract infections so as to suggest an improvised line of action against bacteria causing urinary tract infections'...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490702/-status-for-self-medication-based-on-bibliometric-study-in-china
#18
Zhuqing Zhong, Zhiying Shen, Siqing Ding, Feng Zheng, Yinglong Duan, Aijing Luo
To figure out problems through analyzing the status for self-medication in China and to provide references for further research.
 Methods: Papers related to self-medication were collected from Chinese journal net database, Wanfang database, VIP database and China biomedical literature database (CBMDisc). A literature metrology analysis was carried out by NoteExpress 2.0 and Excel.
 Results: A total of 161 papers were included in this study, while 33 papers belong to Hubei and Jiangsu Province, accounting for 20...
April 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446173/impact-of-the-ebola-outbreak-on-routine-immunization-in-western-area-sierra-leone-a-field-survey-from-an-ebola-epidemic-area
#19
Xiaojin Sun, T T Samba, Jianyi Yao, Wenwu Yin, Lin Xiao, Fuqiang Liu, Xiaoqiang Liu, Jikun Zhou, Zengqiang Kou, Hongwei Fan, Hao Zhang, Aqnes Williams, Paul M Lansana, Zundong Yin
BACKGROUND: Since March 2014, the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa disrupted health care systems - especially in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone - with a consequential stress on the area's routine immunization programs. To address perceived decreased vaccination coverage, Sierra Leone conducted a catch-up vaccination campaign during 24-27 April 2015. We conducted a vaccination coverage survey and report coverage estimates surrounding the time of the EVD outbreak and the catch-up campaign...
April 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427437/efficacy-and-user-acceptability-of-transfluthrin-treated-sisal-and-hessian-decorations-for-protecting-against-mosquito-bites-in-outdoor-bars
#20
John P Masalu, Marceline Finda, Fredros O Okumu, Elihaika G Minja, Arnold S Mmbando, Maggy T Sikulu-Lord, Sheila B Ogoma
BACKGROUND: A number of mosquito vectors bite and rest outdoors, which contributes to sustained residual malaria transmission in endemic areas. Spatial repellents are thought to create a protective "bubble" within which mosquito bites are reduced and may be ideal for outdoor use. This study builds on previous studies that proved efficacy of transfluthrin-treated hessian strips against outdoor biting mosquitoes. The goal of this study was to modify strips into practical, attractive and acceptable transfluthrin treated sisal and hessian emanators that confer protection against potential infectious bites before people use bed nets especially in the early evening and outdoors...
April 20, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
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