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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427437/efficacy-and-user-acceptability-of-transfluthrin-treated-sisal-and-hessian-decorations-for-protecting-against-mosquito-bites-in-outdoor-bars
#1
John P Masalu, Marceline Finda, Fredros O Okumu, Elihaika G Minja, Arnold S Mmbando, Maggy T Sikulu-Lord, Sheila B Ogoma
BACKGROUND: A number of mosquito vectors bite and rest outdoors, which contributes to sustained residual malaria transmission in endemic areas. Spatial repellents are thought to create a protective "bubble" within which mosquito bites are reduced and may be ideal for outdoor use. This study builds on previous studies that proved efficacy of transfluthrin-treated hessian strips against outdoor biting mosquitoes. The goal of this study was to modify strips into practical, attractive and acceptable transfluthrin treated sisal and hessian emanators that confer protection against potential infectious bites before people use bed nets especially in the early evening and outdoors...
April 20, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402683/improving-quality-management-in-medicine-is-it-catch-22-all-over-again
#2
Ayala Kobo-Greenhut, Racheli Megnezi, Haim Reuveni, Izhar Ben Shlomo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369413/precipitation-and-temperature-effects-on-stable-fly-diptera-muscidae-population-dynamics
#3
David B Taylor, Kristina Friesen, Jerry Zhu
The dynamics of stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), populations relative to temperature and precipitation were evaluated in a 13-yr study in eastern Nebraska. During the course of the study, >1.7 million stable flies were collected on an array of 25 sticky traps. A log-normal model using degree-days with a 15 °C threshold and weekly lags 0-4 for temperature and 2-7 for precipitation provided the best fit with the observed data. The relationships of temperature and precipitation to stable fly trap catches were both curvilinear, with maxima at 6...
March 24, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356700/indolent-palatal-swelling-catch-22
#4
Preeti Sharma, Vijay Wadhwan, K V Arun Kumar, Arvind Venkatesh, Timsy Thapa
We present an interesting but intriguing case of an indolent palatal swelling. The lesion was asymptomatic causing little discomfort to the patient and thus was an incidental clinical finding. Provisional diagnosis was a benign, minor salivary gland tumor. Clinical differential diagnoses included benign lymphoepithelial lesion or mucus extravasation phenomenon. Nevertheless, we also considered malignancies such as mucoepidermoid carcinoma, lymphoma, and neoplasm of the maxillary sinus. However, the histopathology revealed a rare clinicopathologic entity prompting immediate treatment of the lesion...
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286902/catch-22-a-case-of-incessant-ventricular-tachycardia-post-left-ventricular-assist-device-resulting-in-right-ventricular-failure-left-ventricular-cavity-obliteration-and-failure-of-endocardial-ventricular-tachycardia-ablation
#5
Amit J Thosani, Stephen H Bailey, Amresh Raina
Ventricular tachycardia (VT) in the setting of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy has been well described. We present a case of incessant ventricular tachycardia resulting in severe right ventricular (RV) failure and subsequent left ventricular (LV) cavity obliteration, which in turn diminished the feasibility of initial attempt at VT ablation.
March 12, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282801/thyroid-cancer-with-concurrent-breast-tubular-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Ying-Jie Xu, Chen Qian, Jun He, Da-Qing Cheng, Liu-Xia Jiang
Here one concurrent case of a patient with both thyroid and breast cancers was discussed here with a comprehensive literature review. On March 21, 2016, a 42-year-old female patient was admitted into our hospital because of right neck mass and left breast mass for 1 week during a routine health examination. On March 22, the combined procedures of complete resection of right thyroid gland plus isthmus with dissection of lymph nodes in right VI region plus left breast regional lumpectomy were performed under endotracheal anesthesia...
March 3, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278233/catch-up-growth-in-the-first-two-years-of-life-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-elbw-infants-is-associated-with-lower-body-fat-in-young-adolescence
#7
Anke Raaijmakers, Lotte Jacobs, Maissa Rayyan, Theun Pieter van Tienoven, Els Ortibus, Elena Levtchenko, Jan A Staessen, Karel Allegaert
AIM: To investigate growth patterns and anthropometrics in former extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000 g) children and link these outcomes to neurocognition and body composition in childhood. METHODS: ELBW children were examined at birth (n = 140), at 9 and 24 months (n≥96) and at approximately 11 years within the framework of the PREMATCH (PREMATurity as predictor children's of Cardiovascular and renal Health) case-control (n = 93-87) study. Regional growth charts were used to convert anthropometrics into Z-scores...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264097/the-catch-22-of-neuroimaging-disorders-of-consciousness-and-end-of-life-decisions
#8
Emanuel Cabral, Judy Illes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242928/influence-of-lipid-content-and-packaging-methods-on-the-quality-of-dried-capelin-mallotus-villosus-during-storage
#9
O O Cyprian, K Sveinsdottir, M V Nguyen, T Tomasson, G Thorkelsson, S Arason
Capelin annual catch exceeds half a million tons in Iceland, with only a small quantity (<20%) of female with roe used for human food. There is a potential to use dried male capelin as a new product for human consumption, but its lipid content varies considerably (4-20% body weight). Earlier studies were more concentrated on the influence of drying conditions than the influence of storage conditions on the quality of dried fish, as dried fish are usually considered to be stable and safe during storage. Three batches of dried male capelin differing in lipid content were packaged and studied during 5 months storage at 22 ± 2 °C to establish appropriate lipid content at harvesting and product packaging method...
February 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169885/repetitive-exposure-to-shortened-sleep-leads-to-blunted-sleep-associated-blood-pressure-dipping
#10
Huan Yang, Monika Haack, Shiva Gautam, Hans K Meier-Ewert, Janet M Mullington
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) dips at night during sleep in healthy individuals but in disturbed sleep, dipping is blunted. However, the impact of chronic insufficient sleep duration, with limited intermittent recovery sleep, on BP dipping is not known. The objective of this study was to examine, in a controlled experimental model, the influence of chronic sleep restriction on BP patterns at night and during the day. METHOD: In a highly controlled 22-day in-hospital protocol, 45 healthy participants (age 32 ± 2 years; BMI 24 ± 1 kg/m; 22 men and 23 women) were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: repeated sleep restriction (4 h of sleep/night from 0300 to 0700 h for three nights followed by recovery sleep of 8 h, repeated four times in succession) or a sleep control group (8 h/night from 2300 to 0700 h)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064548/amniotic-fluid-sludge-prevalence-and-clinical-significance-of-it-in-asymptomatic-patients-at-high-risk-for-spontaneous-preterm-delivery
#11
Ilknur Adanir, Ozgur Ozyuncu, Ayse Filiz Gokmen Karasu, Lutfu S Onderoglu
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study is to determine prevalence and clinical significance of the presence of amniotic fluid "sludge" among asymptomatic patients at high-risk for spontaneous preterm delivery, prospectively. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In our study, 99 patients at high risk for spontaneous preterm delivery were evaluated for the presence of amniotic fluid sludge with transvaginal ultrasonography at 20-22, 26-28, and 32-34 gestational weeks, prospectively; between August 2009 and October 2010 in Hacettepe University Hospital...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043665/angioscopic-observation-of-extremely-late-arterial-repair-after-intracoronary-implantation-of-the-first-generation-sirolimus-eluting-stents
#12
Minoru Ichikawa, Kazunori Bando, Yoshiyuki Kijima
BACKGROUND: Arterial repair delays after intracoronary implantation of Cypher sirolimus-eluting stents (SES), a representative first-generation drug-eluting stent. It remains unclear whether this delay would catch up with bare metal stents (BMS) during extremely long observation. The aim of this study was angioscopic observation of extremely late arterial repair after Cypher SES implantation. METHODS: Thirty-seven SES and 17 BMS were implanted into 22 and 9 patients with angina pectoris, respectively...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011067/metabolic-health-of-young-adults-who-were-born-small-for-gestational-age-and-treated-with-growth-hormone-after-cessation-of-growth-hormone-treatment-a-5-year-longitudinal-study
#13
Manouk van der Steen, Carolina C J Smeets, Gerthe F Kerkhof, Anita C S Hokken-Koelega
BACKGROUND: Growth hormone treatment reduces fat mass and insulin sensitivity and increases lean body mass. Data are only available for short-term longitudinal changes after cessation of growth hormone treatment in young adults born small for gestational age. We aimed to assess long-term changes over a 5-year period following cessation of growth hormone treatment. METHODS: We did a longitudinal study of young adults born small for gestational age and previously treated with growth hormone...
December 20, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998884/adult-height-of-preterm-infants-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#14
E C Ferguson, N P Wright, A T Gibson, S Carney, A Wright, J K Wales
BACKGROUND: Many infants born prematurely experience growth failure following delivery, with subsequent catch-up growth. Traditionally catch-up was thought to be complete in the first few years of life. Most studies have focused on groups of infants defined by birth weight, for example <1500 g, resulting in disproportionate numbers of small for gestational age infants. This study aimed to determine whether appropriate weight for gestation (AGA) preterm born children reach their expected adult height when compared with term controls...
December 20, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979598/how-successful-is-the-transition-to-adult-urology-care-in-spina-bifida-a-single-center-7-year-experience
#15
Konrad M Szymanski, Mark P Cain, Thomas J Hardacker, Rosalia Misseri
INTRODUCTION: Rates of successful transition from adolescent to adult spina bifida (SB) care are unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess rates and predictors of successful transition from a multidisciplinary SB clinic to a transitional urology clinic (TUC), or a pediatric or adult urologist. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed patients discharged from a multidisciplinary SB clinic (2006-2012), collecting demographic and clinical data...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934914/gestational-age-dependency-of-height-and-body-mass-index-trajectories-during-the-first-3-years-in-japanese-small-for-gestational-age-children
#16
Kaori Maeyama, Ichiro Morioka, Sota Iwatani, Sachiyo Fukushima, Daisuke Kurokawa, Keiji Yamana, Kosuke Nishida, Shohei Ohyama, Kazumichi Fujioka, Hiroyuki Awano, Mariko Taniguchi-Ikeda, Kandai Nozu, Hiroaki Nagase, Noriyuki Nishimura, Chika Shirai, Kazumoto Iijima
Gestational age (GA) is thought to affect height growth in small-for-gestational age (SGA) children. However, the GA-specific trajectories in body mass index (BMI) and early appearances of adiposity rebound (AR) have not been fully investigated in a cohort of Japanese SGA children. A longitudinal cohort study was conducted with 1063 SGA children born in Kobe, Japan, with sufficient records from birth to 3 years of age. Subjects were divided into subgroups based on GA: 39-41 weeks GA (n = 723), 37-38 weeks GA (n = 256), 34-36 weeks GA (n = 62), and <34 weeks GA (n = 22)...
December 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912786/circulation-of-dirofilaria-repens-and-dirofilaria-immitis-in-moldova
#17
Tatiana Șuleșco, Heidrun von Thien, Lidia Toderaș, Ion Toderaș, Renke Lühken, Egbert Tannich
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, a significant spread of dirofilariasis has been observed in eastern and central Europe. However, data on the circulation of Dirofilaria spp. in Moldova were absent although direct neighbor states reported high incidence rates of human dirofilariasis. METHODS: Daily mean temperature data were used to calculate Dirofilaria spp. development units, which were used to estimate the potential for complete extrinsic development in the mosquitoes (= sum of potential Dirofilaria spp...
December 3, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895276/rubella-immunity-in-pregnant-native-taiwanese-and-immigrants-from-asian-countries
#18
Yeong-Hwa Zen, Ching-Tang Shih, Wan-Ju Kung, Chien-Hung Lee, Ching-Chiang Lin
Vaccination is considered the most effective method to prevent rubella spread and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). The aim of the present study was to investigate the rubella immunity among native and immigrant pregnant women in Taiwan. From 2000 to 2014, a total of 16,879 pregnant women who received routine prenatal examinations were recruited in this study. The rubella IgG antibodies were assayed using a microparticle enzyme immunoassay or chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay. Subjects were categorized by nationality and subcategorized by specific periods of time for comparison...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862309/study-of-greek-children-and-youths-with-cystic-fibrosis-identifies-immunisation-gaps-and-delays
#19
Helena C Maltezou, Stavros Doudounakis, Maria Lekaditi, Kalliopi Tanou, Panos Katerelos, Maria Theodoridou
AIM: Data about immunisation rates in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are scarce. We estimated the rates and timeliness of immunisations in CF patients aged 0.55-22 years. METHODS: We studied 122 subjects at a hospital in Greece in 2014. A standard questionnaire was used to collect data and parents' opinions about immunisations. RESULTS: The complete immunisation rates were 92.6% for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliomyelitis-Haemophilus influenzae (DTaP-IPV-Hib), 96...
February 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757246/hidden-varicella-outbreak-luang-prabang-province-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-december-2014-to-january-2015
#20
Bounthanom Sengkeopraseuth, Khonesavanh Bounma, Chansone Siamong, Siddhartha Datta, Bouaphanh Khamphaphongphane, Phengta Vongphachanh, Dapeng Luo, Michael O'Reilly, Cindy H Chiu
BACKGROUND: In January 2015, the Lao People's Democratic Republic Ministry of Health received a report of 34 cases of fever and rash with one laboratory-confirmed measles case in Houitone village, Pakseng District of Luang Prabang Province. Between 21 and 27 January, we conducted a field investigation to determine the etiology, magnitude and severity of this outbreak. METHODS: We conducted active case findings in Houitone and neighbouring villages and collected information on age, location, date of rash onset, symptoms and measles vaccination status...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
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