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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912786/circulation-of-dirofilaria-repens-and-dirofilaria-immitis-in-moldova
#1
Tatiana Șuleșco, Heidrun von Thien, Lidia Toderaș, Ion Toderaș, Renke Lühken, Egbert Tannich
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, a significant spread of dirofilariasis has been observed in eastern and central Europe. However, data on the circulation of Dirofilaria spp. in Moldova were absent although direct neighbor states reported high incidence rates of human dirofilariasis. METHODS: Daily mean temperature data were used to calculate Dirofilaria spp. development units, which were used to estimate the potential for complete extrinsic development in the mosquitoes (= sum of potential Dirofilaria spp...
December 3, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895276/rubella-immunity-in-pregnant-native-taiwanese-and-immigrants-from-asian-countries
#2
Yeong-Hwa Zen, Ching-Tang Shih, Wan-Ju Kung, Chien-Hung Lee, Ching-Chiang Lin
Vaccination is considered the most effective method to prevent rubella spread and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). The aim of the present study was to investigate the rubella immunity among native and immigrant pregnant women in Taiwan. From 2000 to 2014, a total of 16,879 pregnant women who received routine prenatal examinations were recruited in this study. The rubella IgG antibodies were assayed using a microparticle enzyme immunoassay or chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay. Subjects were categorized by nationality and subcategorized by specific periods of time for comparison...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862309/study-of-greek-children-and-youths-with-cystic-fibrosis-identifies-immunisation-gaps-and-delays
#3
Helena C Maltezou, Stavros Doudounakis, Maria Lekaditi, Kalliopi Tanou, Panos Katerelos, Maria Theodoridou
AIM: Data about immunisation rates in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are scarce. We estimated the rates and timeliness of immunisations in CF patients aged 0.55-22 years. METHODS: We studied 122 subjects at a hospital in Greece in 2014. A standard questionnaire was used to collect data and parents' opinions about immunisations. RESULTS: The complete immunisation rates were 92.6% for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliomyelitis-Haemophilus influenzae (DTaP-IPV-Hib), 96...
November 10, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757246/hidden-varicella-outbreak-luang-prabang-province-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-december-2014-to-january-2015
#4
Bounthanom Sengkeopraseuth, Khonesavanh Bounma, Chansone Siamong, Siddhartha Datta, Bouaphanh Khamphaphongphane, Phengta Vongphachanh, Dapeng Luo, Michael O'Reilly, Cindy H Chiu
BACKGROUND: In January 2015, the Lao People's Democratic Republic Ministry of Health received a report of 34 cases of fever and rash with one laboratory-confirmed measles case in Houitone village, Pakseng District of Luang Prabang Province. Between 21 and 27 January, we conducted a field investigation to determine the etiology, magnitude and severity of this outbreak. METHODS: We conducted active case findings in Houitone and neighbouring villages and collected information on age, location, date of rash onset, symptoms and measles vaccination status...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743950/coronary-atherosclerosis-t1-weighed-characterization-with-integrated-anatomical-reference-comparison-with-high-risk-plaque%C3%A2-features-detected-by-invasive-coronary-imaging
#5
Yibin Xie, Young-Jin Kim, Jianing Pang, Jung-Sun Kim, Qi Yang, Janet Wei, Christopher T Nguyen, Zixin Deng, Byoung Wook Choi, Zhaoyang Fan, C Noel Bairey Merz, Prediman K Shah, Daniel S Berman, Hyuk-Jae Chang, Debiao Li
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work is the development of coronary atherosclerosis T1-weighted characterization with integrated anatomical reference (CATCH) technique and the validation by comparison with high-risk plaque features (HRPF) observed on intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) and invasive coronary angiography. BACKGROUND: T1-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance with or without contrast media has been used for characterizing coronary atherosclerosis showing promising prognostic value...
October 6, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720544/phosphorus-leakage-from-fisheries-sector-a-case-study-in-thailand
#6
Nuchnapa Prathumchai, Chongchin Polprasert, Andrew J Englande
Although phosphorus (P) is an essential element needed for all lives, excess P can be harmful to the environment. The objective of this study aims to determine P flows in the fisheries sector of Thailand consisting of both sea and freshwater activities of captures and cultures. Currently, the annual fisheries catch averages 3.44 ± 0.50 Mt. Most comes from marine capture 1.95 ± 0.46 Mt, followed by coastal aquaculture 0.78 ± 0.09 Mt, freshwater aquaculture 0.49 ± 0.05 Mt, and inland capture 0...
October 6, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718140/prediction-of-clinical-outcome-by-myocardial-ct-perfusion-in-patients-with-low-risk-unstable-angina-pectoris
#7
Jesper J Linde, Mathias Sørgaard, Jørgen T Kühl, Jens D Hove, Henning Kelbæk, Walter B Nielsen, Klaus F Kofoed
The prognostic implications of myocardial computed tomography perfusion (CTP) analyses are unknown. In this sub-study to the CATCH-trial we evaluate the ability of adenosine stress CTP findings to predict mid-term major adverse cardiac events (MACE). In 240 patients with acute-onset chest pain, yet normal electrocardiograms and troponins, a clinically blinded adenosine stress CTP scan was performed in addition to conventional diagnostic evaluation. A reversible perfusion defect (PD) was found in 38 patients (16 %) and during a median follow-up of 19 months (range 12-22 months) 25 patients (10 %) suffered a MACE (cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and revascularizations)...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716416/human-biting-activities-of-anopheles-species-in-south-central-ethiopia
#8
Oljira Kenea, Meshesha Balkew, Habte Tekie, Teshome Gebre-Michael, Wakgari Deressa, Eskindir Loha, Bernt Lindtjørn, Hans J Overgaard
BACKGROUND: Indoor residual spraying (IRS) and long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are the key malaria vector control interventions in Ethiopia. The success of these interventions rely on their efficacy to repel or kill indoor feeding and resting mosquitoes. This study was undertaken to monitor human-biting patterns of Anopheles species in south-central Ethiopia. METHODS: Human-biting patterns of anophelines were monitored for 40 nights in three houses using human landing catches (HLC) both indoors and outdoors between July and November 2014, in Edo Kontola village, south-central Ethiopia...
September 30, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711037/vaccination-coverage-among-children-in-kindergarten-united-states-2015-16-school-year
#9
Ranee Seither, Kayla Calhoun, Jenelle Mellerson, Cynthia L Knighton, Erica Street, Vance Dietz, J Michael Underwood
State-mandated vaccination requirements for school entry protect children and communities against vaccine-preventable diseases (1). Each school year, federally funded immunization programs (e.g., states, territories, jurisdictions) collect and report kindergarten vaccination data to CDC. This report describes vaccination coverage estimates in all 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC), and the estimated number of kindergartners with at least one vaccine exemption in 47 states and DC, during the 2015-16 school year...
October 7, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695981/arthroscopic-treatment-of-symptomatic-discoid-meniscus-in-children
#10
Tetsuo Hagino, Satoshi Ochiai, Shinya Senga, Takashi Yamashita, Masanori Wako, Takashi Ando, Hirotaka Haro
PURPOSE: To study discoid meniscus in children who underwent arthroscopic surgery at our center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-four patients (39 knees) younger than 15 years with discoid lateral meniscus (mean age, 12.9 years; 13 males, 21 females) who underwent arthroscopic surgeries since 2007 were studied. The surgical procedure consisted of, in principle, saucerization with additional suture repair in the case of meniscal instability at the peripheral rim of the residual meniscus...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683742/reply-to-use-of-prediction-models-for-risk-analysis-and-decision-making-in-public-health-the-catch-22-conundrum
#11
Shirin Kalimuddin, Jenny Gh Low, Eng Eong Ooi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683741/use-of-prediction-models-for-risk-analysis-and-decision-making-in-public-health-the-catch-22-conundrum
#12
Lee Ching Ng, Alex R Cook, Grace Yap, Derek Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678110/parenting-and-cognitive-and-psychomotor-delay-due-to-small-for-gestational-age-birth
#13
Xiuhong Li, Rina D Eiden, Leonard H Epstein, Edmond D Shenassa, Chuanbo Xie, Xiaozhong Wen
BACKGROUND: To examine whether different dimensions of parenting at different ages help small-for-gestational-age (SGA) children 'catch-up' the normal children in cognition and psychomotor. METHODS: We analyzed data of 800 children born SGA and 3,000 children born appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth cohort. The Two Bag Task was used to measure 2-year or 4-year parenting dimensions. Children's reading, math, gross motor, and fine motor scores were assessed at 5 years...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663231/what-is-at-stake-status-and-threats-to-south-china-sea-marine-fisheries
#14
Louise S L Teh, Allison Witter, William W L Cheung, U Rashid Sumaila, Xueying Yin
Governance of South China Sea (SCS) fisheries remains weak despite acknowledgement of their widespread overexploitation for the past few decades. This review incorporates unreported fish catches to provide an improved baseline of the current status and societal contribution of SCS marine fisheries, so that the socio-economic and ecological consequences of continued fisheries unsustainability may be understood. Potential fisheries contribution to food and livelihoods include 11-17 million t in fisheries catch and USD 12-22 × 10(9) in fisheries landed value annually in the 2000s, and close to 3 million jobs...
September 23, 2016: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593498/non-human-primate-antibody-response-to-mosquito-salivary-proteins-implications-for-dengue-virus-transmission-in-puerto-rico
#15
Ryan R Hemme, B Katherine Poole-Smith, Elizabeth A Hunsperger, Gilberto E Felix, Kalanthe Horiuchi, Brad J Biggerstaff, Ricardo Lopez-Ortiz, Roberto Barrera
An important step to incriminate a mosquito as a vector of a disease pathogen is finding evidence of direct contact between the mosquito and humans. Typically, this is accomplished through landing/biting catches, or host blood meal analysis in engorged mosquitoes via immunologic assays. An alternate approach is to identify the presence of specific mosquito anti-saliva protein antibodies in the blood of exposed hosts. Following the discovery of dengue infected, free roaming non-human primates in Puerto Rico, we investigated which mosquito species had bitten these primates using a serologic assay...
September 2, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580694/evaluating-the-feeding-preferences-of-west-nile-virus-mosquito-vectors-using-bird-baited-traps
#16
Isis Victoriano Llopis, Laura Tomassone, Elena Grego, Emmanuel Serrano, Andrea Mosca, Gabriella Vaschetti, Daniela Andrade, Luca Rossi
BACKGROUND: The total contact rates (TCRs) between mosquito vectors and their potential hosts have a serious impact on disease transmission dynamics. Culex pipiens (sensu stricto) (s.s.) is considered the main vector of the West Nile Virus (WNV) in Europe and birds are the reservoir hosts. The results of our previous study showed that WNV seroreactors are significantly more prevalent among raptors compared to a range of other wild avian groups. The current study aims to assess the role of bird type (raptor vs others) and bird size on mosquito feeding preferences in a free-choice experiment using bird-baited traps...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565941/relationship-between-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-leptin-and-ghrelin-levels-and-catch-up-growth-in-small-for-gestational-age-infants-of-27-31-weeks-during-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-admission
#17
Natsuki Ohkawa, Hiromichi Shoji, Naho Ikeda, Hiroki Suganuma, Toshiaki Shimizu
AIM: Poor post-natal growth is related to later morbidity and poor cognitive development in preterm infants. We investigated the relationship between plasma insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), leptin, active ghrelin levels and post-natal growth in preterm infants small for gestational age (SGA). METHODS: Plasma IGF-1, leptin and active ghrelin levels were measured at birth and at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after birth in 42 very low birthweight (VLBW) infants (born between 27 and 31 weeks of gestation), including 14 SGA infants with extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR), 6 SGA infants without EUGR and 22 appropriate-for-gestational-age infants...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558205/immediate-termination-of-electrical-status-epilepticus-in-sleep-after-hemispherotomy-is-associated-with-significant-progress-in-language-development
#18
Gudrun Gröppel, Christian Dorfer, Anastasia Dressler, Angelika Mühlebner, Barbara Porsche, Johann A Hainfellner, Thomas Czech, Martha Feucht
AIM: To study the effect of hemispherotomy on electrical status epilepticus in sleep (ESES) and language development. METHOD: Children with a confirmed diagnosis of ESES prior to surgery and a minimum of 24 months of developmental follow-up data were compared with age-matched controls without ESES. Language quotients (LQs) were calculated before and after surgery. RESULTS: Eleven patients (five females, six males) and 21 controls (11 females, 10 males) were included...
August 25, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545502/assessment-of-beetle-diversity-community-composition-and-potential-threats-to-forestry-using-kairomone-baited-traps
#19
S Olivier-Espejel, B P Hurley, J Garnas
Traps designed to capture insects during normal movement/dispersal, or via attraction to non-specific (plant) volatile lures, yield by-catch that carries valuable information about patterns of community diversity and composition. In order to identify potential native/introduced pests and detect predictors of colonization of non-native pines, we examined beetle assemblages captured in intercept panel traps baited with kairomone lures used during a national monitoring of the woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, in Southern Africa...
August 22, 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536523/candidate-insect-vectors-of-apple-proliferation-in-northwest-spain
#20
Marcos Miñarro, Aitor Somoano, Aránzazu Moreno, Rocío Rosa García
The apple proliferation (AP) disease is spread mostly by two psyllids. Each species plays a predominant role as AP vector that changes regionally. Thus, there is an urgent need to identify the AP vectors in each region where the disease is present. This research aimed at identifying the psyllid community in apple orchards from Asturias (NW Spain) and studying their possible role in AP transmission. Yellow sticky traps were used to monitor psyllid community in five cider-apple orchards during 2 years. 3678 individuals belonging to 22 species were identified...
2016: SpringerPlus
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