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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092587/learning-domain-invariant-subspace-using-domain-features-and-independence-maximization
#1
Ke Yan, Lu Kou, David Zhang
Domain adaptation algorithms are useful when the distributions of the training and the test data are different. In this paper, we focus on the problem of instrumental variation and time-varying drift in the field of sensors and measurement, which can be viewed as discrete and continuous distributional change in the feature space. We propose maximum independence domain adaptation (MIDA) and semi-supervised MIDA to address this problem. Domain features are first defined to describe the background information of a sample, such as the device label and acquisition time...
January 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092211/spanish-adaptation-of-the-frommelt-attitude-toward-care-of-the-dying-scale-fatcod-s-in-nursing-undergraduates
#2
Montserrat Edo-Gual, Joaquín Tomás-Sábado, Juana Gómez-Benito, Cristina Monforte-Royo, Amor Aradilla-Herrero
The Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying Scale (FATCOD) is designed to assess the attitudes of professionals and trainees toward caring for the dying patient and their family members. In this study the main aim is to adapt the FATCOD to a Spanish context (FATCOD-S). In addition, the relations between FATCOD-S, sociodemographic variables, emotional intelligence, and death attitudes have been analyzed. A sample of 669 Spanish nursing students from four Universities responded to a questionnaire. The exploratory factor analysis (EFA) concludes a structure composed of two significant factors...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091987/expression-and-prognostic-value-of-micrornas-in-lower-grade-glioma-depends-on-idh1-2-status
#3
Wen Cheng, Xiufang Ren, Chuanbao Zhang, Sheng Han, Anhua Wu
Histological and genomic characteristics are widely used in glioma management and research. This study investigated their relationship to the expression and prognostic value of microRNAs (miRNAs) in lower-grade glioma (LGG). A total of 447 LGG samples with available clinical and genomic information from The Cancer Genome Atlas database were reviewed. Samples with isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1/2 mutations (n = 366) were randomly divided into training and validation sets to establish and confirm a four-miRNA-based risk classifier...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091962/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-on-breast-cancer-among-health-professionals-in-douala-references-hospitals-cameroon
#4
Charlotte Tchente Nguefack, Calvin N'djeudjui, Jean Paul Ndamba Engbang, Théophile Njamen Nana, Gregory Halle Ekane, Pierre-Marie Tebeu
In Cameroon, patients with breast cancer are more often diagnosed at stage III and IV, hence the need of preventives actions. Knowledge and attitude of medical personnel may influence their practice with regards to screening and early detection of breast cancer. Very few is known about this subject in Cameroon. The objective was to describe the knowledge, attitude, and practice of health care professionals on breast cancer risk factors, diagnostic methods, and screening. This was a cross-sectional study conducted during a 6-month period, among health professionals of Douala General Hospital and Laquintinie Hospital, Cameroon...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091549/urinary-proteomics-can-define-distinct-diagnostic-inflammatory-arthritis-subgroups
#5
Stefan Siebert, Duncan Porter, Caron Paterson, Rosie Hampson, Daniel Gaya, Agnieszka Latosinska, Harald Mischak, Joost Schanstra, William Mullen, Iain McInnes
Current diagnostic tests applied to inflammatory arthritis lack the necessary specificity to appropriately categorise patients. There is a need for novel approaches to classify patients with these conditions. Herein we explored whether urinary proteomic biomarkers specific for different forms of arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), osteoarthritis (OA)) or chronic inflammatory conditions (inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)) can be identified. Fifty subjects per group with RA, PsA, OA or IBD and 50 healthy controls were included in the study...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091355/a-systematic-review-evaluating-the-impact-of-paid-home-carer-training-supervision-and-other-interventions-on-the-health-and-well-being-of-older-home-care-clients
#6
Claudia Cooper, Blerta Cenko, Briony Dow, Penny Rapaport
BACKGROUND: Interventions to support and skill paid home carers and managers could potentially improve health and well-being of older home care clients. This is the first systematic review of interventions to improve how home carers and home care agencies deliver care to older people, with regard to clients' health and well-being and paid carers' well-being, job satisfaction, and retention. METHODS: We reviewed 10/731 papers found in the electronic search (to January 2016) fitting predetermined criteria, assessed quality using a checklist, and synthesized data using quantitative and qualitative techniques...
January 16, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090334/an-experimental-validation-of-genomic-selection-in-octoploid-strawberry
#7
Salvador A Gezan, Luis F Osorio, Sujeet Verma, Vance M Whitaker
The primary goal of genomic selection is to increase genetic gains for complex traits by predicting performance of individuals for which phenotypic data are not available. The objective of this study was to experimentally evaluate the potential of genomic selection in strawberry breeding and to define a strategy for its implementation. Four clonally replicated field trials, two in each of 2 years comprised of a total of 1628 individuals, were established in 2013-2014 and 2014-2015. Five complex yield and fruit quality traits with moderate to low heritability were assessed in each trial...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090182/supervised-versus-home-exercise-training-programs-on-functional-balance-in-older-subjects
#8
Enas Fawzy Youssef, Alsayed Abd Elhameed Shanb
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with a progressive decline in physical capabilities and a disturbance of both postural control and daily living activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of supervised versus home exercise programs on muscle strength, balance and functional activities in older participants. METHODS: Forty older participants were equally assigned to a supervised exercise program (group-I) or a home exercise program (group-II). Each participant performed the exercise program for 35-45 minutes, two times per week for four months...
November 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089308/physicians-views-and-experiences-of-discussing-weight-management-within-routine-clinical-consultations-a-thematic-synthesis
#9
REVIEW
Anne Dewhurst, Sarah Peters, Angela Devereux-Fitzgerald, Jo Hart
OBJECTIVE: To systematically search and synthesise qualitative studies of physicians' views and experiences of discussing weight management within a routine consultation. METHODS: A systematic search of four electronic databases identified 11,169 articles of which 16 studies met inclusion criteria. Quality was appraised using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool and a thematic synthesis conducted of extracted data. RESULTS: Four analytical themes were found: (1) physicians' pessimism about patients' weight loss success (2) physicians' feel hopeless and frustrated (3) the dual nature of the physician-patient relationship (4) who should take responsibility for weight management...
December 21, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089188/barriers-to-providing-maternity-care-to-women-with-physical-disabilities-perspectives-from-health-care-practitioners
#10
Monika Mitra, Lauren D Smith, Suzanne C Smeltzer, Linda M Long-Bellil, Nechama Sammet Moring, Lisa I Iezzoni
BACKGROUND: Women with physical disabilities are known to experience disparities in maternity care access and quality, and communication gaps with maternity care providers, however there is little research exploring the maternity care experiences of women with physical disabilities from the perspective of their health care practitioners. OBJECTIVE: This study explored health care practitioners' experiences and needs around providing perinatal care to women with physical disabilities in order to identify potential drivers of these disparities...
January 3, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088616/patient-agency-and-contested-notions-of-disability-in-social-assistance-applications-in-south-africa
#11
Gabrielle Kelly
Problems in fairly allocating welfare and health resources are very often located in the spaces where citizens interact directly with state workers. This study draws on observations of doctor-patient encounters in disability assessments for the South African disability grant (DG) to examine how doctor-patient interactions and patient agency shape social welfare allocation in a context of high poverty and inequality. Data were gathered via interviews with healthcare workers and observations of doctor-patient interactions in twelve clinics and three hospitals in the Western Cape province between October 2013 and August 2014...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088558/the-effects-of-upper-body-exercise-across-different-levels-of-blood-flow-restriction-on-arterial-occlusion-pressure-and-perceptual-responses
#12
Kevin T Mattocks, Matthew B Jessee, Brittany R Counts, Samuel L Buckner, J Grant Mouser, Scott J Dankel, Gilberto C Laurentino, Jeremy P Loenneke
Recent studies have investigated relative pressures that are applied during blood flow restriction exercise ranging from 40%-90% of resting arterial occlusion pressure; however, no studies have investigated relative pressures below 40% arterial occlusion pressure. The purpose of this study was to characterize the cardiovascular and perceptual responses to different levels of pressures. Twenty-six resistance trained participants performed four sets of unilateral elbow flexion exercise using 30% of their 1RM in combination with blood flow restriction inflated to one of six relative applied pressures (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 50%, 90% arterial occlusion pressure)...
January 11, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088553/the-influence-of-landmark-stability-on-control-by-occasion-setters
#13
REVIEW
Lauren M Cleland, Chad M Ruprecht, Ronnie V Lee, Kenneth J Leising
In an operant serial feature-positive procedure, an occasion setter (OSX) signals that a response will be reinforced in the presence of second stimulus (e.g., a discriminative stimulus, A). During a transfer test, the OS is paired with a different discriminative stimulus. Experiment 1a tested transfer effects in a touchscreen-based spatial occasion setting task with pigeons. During training, four OSs (OSW, OSX, OSY, and OSZ) were paired on separate trials with landmark A (LMA) or B (LMB) and the opportunity for a reinforced response one location to the immediate left (R1) or right (R2) of the LM (OSW→LMA:R1, OSX→LMA:R2, OSY→LMB:R1, OSZ→LMB:R2)...
January 11, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088241/perceptions-of-mistreatment-among-trainees-vary-at-different-stages-of-clinical-training
#14
Afif N Kulaylat, Danni Qin, Susie X Sun, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Jane R Schubart, Antone J Aboud, Donald J Flemming, Peter W Dillon, Edward R Bollard, David C Han
BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of trainees remains a frequently reported phenomenon in medical education. One barrier to creating an educational culture of respect and professionalism may be a lack of alignment in the perceptions of mistreatment among different learners. Through the use of clinical vignettes, our aim was to assess the perceptions of trainees toward themes of potential mistreatment at different stages of training. METHODS: Based on observations from external experts embedded in the clinical learning environment, six thematic areas of potential mistreatment were identified: verbal abuse, specialty-choice discrimination, non-educational tasks, withholding/denying learning opportunities, neglect and gender/racial insensitivity...
January 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088175/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-among-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-results-from-the-chinese-cohort-study-of-chronic-kidney-disease-c-stride
#15
Jun Yuan, Xin-Rong Zou, Si-Ping Han, Hong Cheng, Lan Wang, Jin-Wei Wang, Lu-Xia Zhang, Ming-Hui Zhao, Xiao-Qin Wang
BACKGROUND: Although a high incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is observed among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients in developed countries, limited information is available about CVD prevalence and risk factors in the Chinese CKD population. The Chinese Cohort of Chronic Kidney Disease (C-STRIDE) was established to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of CVD among Chinese CKD patients. METHODS: Participants with stage 1-4 CKD (18-74 years of age) were recruited at 39 clinical centers located in 28 cities from 22 provinces of China...
January 14, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087496/digital-pills-to-measure-opioid-ingestion-patterns-in-emergency-department-patients-with-acute-fracture-pain-a-pilot-study
#16
Peter R Chai, Stephanie Carreiro, Brendan J Innes, Rochelle K Rosen, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer, Edward W Boyer
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to prescribed regimens for opioid analgesic agents contributes to increasing opioid abuse and overdose death. Opioids are frequently prescribed on an as-needed basis, placing the responsibility to determine opioid dose and frequency with the patient. There is wide variability in physician prescribing patterns because of the lack of data describing how patients actually use as-needed opioid analgesics. Digital pill systems have a radiofrequency emitter that directly measures medication ingestion events, and they provide an opportunity to discover the dose, timing, and duration of opioid therapy...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087402/accuracy-is-in-the-eyes-of-the-pathologist-the-visual-interpretive-process-and-diagnostic-accuracy-with-digital-whole-slide-images
#17
Tad T Brunyé, Ezgi Mercan, Donald L Weaver, Joann G Elmore
Digital whole slide imaging is an increasingly common medium in pathology, with application to education, telemedicine, and rendering second opinions. It has also made it possible to use eye tracking devices to explore the dynamic visual inspection and interpretation of histopathological features of tissue while pathologists review cases. Using whole slide images, the present study examined how a pathologist's diagnosis is influenced by fixed case-level factors, their prior clinical experience, and their patterns of visual inspection...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087215/surgical-outcome-of-posterior-ankle-impingement-syndrome-with-concomitant-ankle-disorders-treated-simultaneously-in-patient-engaged-in-athletic-activity
#18
Wataru Miyamoto, Shinya Miki, Hirotaka Kawano, Masato Takao
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether simultaneous surgery for posterior ankle impingement syndrome (PAIS) and concomitant ankle disorders, such as anterior ankle impingement syndrome (AAIS), lateral ankle instability (LAI), and osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT), allows for early return to athletic activity. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients who engaged in athletic activity (mean age 27 [range 18-43] years) and were treated by a hindfoot endoscopic approach for PAIS alone or simultaneously for PAIS and concomitant ankle disorders were included in this study...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087203/the-use-of-modified-ride-on-cars-to-maximize-mobility-and-improve-socialization-a-group-design
#19
Hsiang-Han Huang, Chia-Ling Chen
AIM: To examine the effects of ride-on car (ROC) training versus conventional therapy on mobility and social function in young children with disabilities in a hospital-based environment. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty young children with disabilities, aged 1-3 years, were recruited. The treatment group (n=10) received ROC training of 2h/session, 2 sessions/week for a total of 9 weeks in the hospital environment. The control group (n=10) received conventional therapy alone...
January 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086953/student-and-faculty-perceptions-on-the-rapid-scale-up-of-medical-students-in-ethiopia
#20
Brittney S Mengistu, Holly Vins, Caitrin M Kelly, Daphne R McGee, Jennifer O Spicer, Miliard Derbew, Abebe Bekele, Damen Haile Mariam, Carlos Del Rio, Henry M Blumberg, Dawn L Comeau
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a country of over 94 million people that has a severe physician shortage with approximately only 2.5 physicians per 100,000 persons. Recently, the Ethiopian government implemented a "flood and retain" initiative to rapidly increase the quantity of physicians in Ethiopia. Consequently, medical student enrollment at Addis Ababa University (AAU) School of Medicine increased from 100 to approximately 300-400 students per class. This study evaluated the impact of the rapid scale-up in the number of medical students on the quality of medical education at AAU and the impact of the U...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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