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Cultural Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149587/%C3%A2-and-the-wisdom-to-know-the-difference-scholarly-success-from-a-wisdom-perspective
#1
Judith Glück
What makes a researcher wise? At least for the field of psychology, I argue that the two main characteristics of scholarly wisdom are a desire to understand, rather than to be right, and an orientation toward ethical values. These characteristics do not necessarily produce the highest levels of academic success. Because wisdom is partly context dependent, the actual wisdom of our scientific output could be increased by making some changes to our publication and evaluation culture-changes that might benefit our field and even the world around us...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149460/the-impact-of-a-prolonged-stay-in-the-icu-on-patients-fundamental-care-needs
#2
Claire Minton, Lesley Batten, Annette Huntington
AIM: To explore patients', families', and health professionals' experiences of a long-stay patient in an intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: The fast-paced technologically driven intensive care unit environment, designed for a short patient stay, supports the provision of complex physiologically-focused care for those with life-threatening illnesses. Long stay patients with pronounced fundamental care needs fall outside predicted patient pathways, and nurses can find caring for these patients challenging...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148110/stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-nurse-managers-an-integrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Michael Leocadio, Peter Van Bogaert, Greta G Cummings
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To appraise and synthesize empirical studies examining sources of occupational stress and ways of coping utilized by Nurse Managers (NMs) when dealing with stress. BACKGROUND: The Nurse Manager's role is challenging yet draining and stressful and has adverse consequences on an individual's overall health and well -being, patients' outcomes, and organizational productivity. Considerable research has been done; however, an updated and broader perspective on this critical organizational issue has not been performed...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145485/adolescents-perception-of-parental-feeding-practices-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-comprehensive-feeding-practices-questionnaire-for-brazilian-adolescents-the-cfpq-teen
#4
Ângela Bein Piccoli, Lucas Neiva-Silva, Clarisse Pereira Mosmann, Dara Musher-Eizenman, Lucia C Pellanda
BACKGROUND: Parental feeding practices may play a key role in dietary habits and nutritional status of adolescents, but research from adolescents' point of view on this topic is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate an instrument of parental feeding practices as perceived by adolescents in a Brazilian setting. METHODS: The Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire was translated into Portuguese and adapted to be answered by adolescents (ages 12 to 18)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142203/mode-of-delivery-and-child-and-adolescent-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#5
Cherry Y Leung, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section) is thought to affect gut microbiota, which in turn may affect psychological well-being. As such, mode of delivery is potentially a modifiable factor for psychological well-being. Here we examined the association of mode of delivery with child and adolescent psychological well-being. We used multivariable linear regression in a population-representative Hong Kong Chinese birth cohort, "Children of 1997," to examine the adjusted associations of mode of delivery with behavioral problems assessed from parent-reported Rutter score at ~7 (n = 6294) and ~11 years (n = 5598), self-esteem assessed from self-reported Culture-Free Self-Esteem Inventory score at ~11 years (n = 6937) and depressive symptoms assessed from self-reported Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score at ~13 years (n = 5797)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141591/the-impact-of-pregnancy-loss-on-men-s-health-and-wellbeing-a-systematic-review
#6
Clemence Due, Stephanie Chiarolli, Damien W Riggs
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that men's psychological and physical health outcomes after pregnancy loss differ from those of women. Our goal was to identify all literature with a focus on men's experiences of pregnancy loss in order to outline current evidence concerning men's wellbeing. METHODS: A systematic review of literature on men and pregnancy loss was undertaken following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) and Social Care Institute for Excellence (SCIE) guidelines...
November 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137694/construct-validity-and-reliability-of-the-beliefs-toward-mental-illness-scale-for-american-japanese-and-korean-women
#7
Denise M Saint Arnault, Moonhee Gang, Seoyoon Woo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Beliefs Toward Mental Illness Scale (BMI) across women from the United States, Japan, and South Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was employed. The sample was 564 women aged 21-64 years old who were recruited in the United States and Korea (American = 127, Japanese immigrants in the United States = 204, and Korean = 233). We carried out item analysis, construct validity by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and internal consistency using SPSS Version 22 and AMOS Version 22...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135752/experiences-and-shared-meaning-of-teamwork-and-interprofessional-collaboration-among-health-care-professionals-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#8
Carine Sangaleti, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Marina Peduzzi, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone Zoboli, Cassia Baldini Soares
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, teamwork has been addressed under the rationale of interprofessional practice or collaboration, highlighted by the attributes of this practice such as: interdependence of professional actions, focus on user needs, negotiation between professionals, shared decision making, mutual respect and trust among professionals, and acknowledgment of the role and work of the different professional groups. Teamwork and interprofessional collaboration have been pointed out as astrategy for effective organization of health care services as the complexity of healthcare requires integration of knowledge and practices from differente professional groups...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130869/effects-of-a-museum-based-social-prescription-intervention-on-quantitative-measures-of-psychological-wellbeing-in-older-adults
#9
Linda J Thomson, Bridget Lockyer, Paul M Camic, Helen J Chatterjee
AIMS: To assess psychological wellbeing in a novel social prescription intervention for older adults called Museums on Prescription and to explore the extent of change over time in six self-rated emotions ('absorbed', 'active', 'cheerful', 'encouraged', 'enlightened' and 'inspired'). METHODS: Participants ( n = 115) aged 65-94 years were referred to museum-based programmes comprising 10 weekly sessions, by healthcare and third sector organisations using inclusion criteria (e...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126911/why-mdma-therapy-for-alcohol-use-disorder-and-why-now
#10
REVIEW
Ben Sessa
Alcohol use disorder represents a serious clinical, social and personal burden on its sufferers and a significant financial strain on society. Current treatments, both psychological and pharmacological are poor, with high rates of relapse after medical detoxification and dedicated treatment programs. The earliest historical roots of psychedelic drug-assisted psychotherapy in the 1950s were associated with Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)-assisted psychotherapy to treat what was then called, alcoholism. But results were varied and psychedelic therapy with LSD and other 'classical' psychedelics fell out of favour in the wake of socio-political pressures and cultural changes...
November 7, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126772/data-driven-methods-to-diversify-knowledge-of-human-psychology
#11
Rachael E Jack, Carlos Crivelli, Thalia Wheatley
Psychology aims to understand real human behavior. However, cultural biases in the scientific process can constrain knowledge. We describe here how data-driven methods can relax these constraints to reveal new insights that theories can overlook. To advance knowledge we advocate a symbiotic approach that better combines data-driven methods with theory.
November 7, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125914/putting-culture-in-the-middle-in-judging-scholarly-merit
#12
Qi Wang
I discuss the critical importance of putting culture in the middle in judging scholarly merit in psychological science. I describe the challenges in evaluating cultural research, pointing out the various ways that ethnocentric judgments undermine the scientific merit of cultural research and the consequences of the marginalization of culture in psychological science and practice. In spite of the obstacles, cultural psychologists have made major scientific contributions and achieved scientific eminence. I further suggest that we raise the bar by including a broad, cultural approach to research as one basis for judging scientific contributions...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124965/perceived-inequalities-in-care-and-support-for-older-women-from-black-and-minority-ethnic-backgrounds-in-wales-findings-from-a-survey-exploring-dignity-from-service-providers-perspectives
#13
Juping Yu, Roiyah Saltus, Paul Jarvis
OBJECTIVE: As part of a large mixed-method study aimed at capturing understandings of dignity, and care expectations of community dwelling older women from Black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds living in Wales, the aim of this paper is to compare service providers' perceptions of their care and support provided to older people in general, and to older women from BME backgrounds in particular, with a focus on two dignity indicators: care and support needs, and effective communication...
November 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124447/psychiatric-screening-and-interventions-for-minor-refugees-in-europe-an-overview-of-approaches-and-tools
#14
Annerieke Horlings, Irma Hein
Currently hundreds of thousands of minor refugees entered Europe. This group has been exposed to traumatic events pre-, during, and post-migration and is at increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders. In this article, we describe the results of our literature search on screening and interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in minor refugees, in order to make recommendations for clinical practice. Results show that studies on diagnostic accuracy of assessment instruments and efficacy of mental healthcare interventions in this population are lacking...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120281/psychological-distress-is-correlated-with-erectile-dysfunction-among-patients-receiving-methadone-maintenance-in-taiwan
#15
Ching-Ming Cheng, Yen-Chin Lin, Kun-Chia Chang
OBJECTIVE: Although erectile dysfunction (ED) is prevalent in patients receiving long-term methadone maintenance, studies in Chinese culture exploring the relationship between psychological distress and ED are scarce. METHODS: One hundred eighty-seven male patients in methadone maintenance treatment were assessed in this cross-sectional study. Instruments included the Opiate Treatment Index (OTI) to evaluate the health-related consequences of methadone treatment and the Chinese Health Questionnaire-12 (CHQ-12) for the assessment of psychological distress, respectively...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116981/the-hidden-curricula-of-medical-education-a-scoping-review
#16
Carlton Lawrence, Tsholofelo Mhlaba, Kearsley A Stewart, Relebohile Moletsane, Bernhard Gaede, Mosa Moshabela
PURPOSE: To analyze the plural definitions and applications of the term "hidden curriculum" within the medical education literature and to propose a conceptual framework for conducting future research on the topic. METHOD: The authors conducted a literature search of nine online databases, seeking articles published on the hidden, informal, or implicit curriculum in medical education prior to March 2017. Two reviewers independently screened articles with set inclusion criteria and performed kappa coefficient tests to evaluate interreviewer reliability...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115667/complicating-narratives-defining-and-deconstructing-ethical-challenges-in-community-psychology
#17
Rebecca Campbell, Michael Morris
In this concluding essay, we review the case studies presented in this Special Issue and examine whether community psychology has a distinctive approach to defining and resolving the core ethical canons of the Belmont Report (1979): Respect for Persons, Beneficence, and Justice. For two of these Principles-Respect for Persons and Beneficence-community psychologists elaborate upon and extend their definitions to consider their meaning in community-based, social justice-oriented research. The field's approach to Respect for Persons is multilevel in nature; in addition to respecting individuals and their diverse identities, we also have obligations to respect our community partnerships, the communities with whom we work, and the populations and cultures represented in our work...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112941/yoga-can-improve-assisted-reproduction-technology-outcomes-in-couples-with-infertility
#18
Sara Darbandi, Mahsa Darbandi, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
Context • Depending on the cause of the infertility, nonsurgical or surgical treatments may be used to treat men and women with infertility. Despite improved outcomes due to medical advances, assisted reproductive technology (ART) for couples with infertility is sometimes unsuccessful. Success may be affected by the patient's social, psychological, and physical status. Objective • The study examined the effects of yoga-including asanas (yoga poses), pranayama (proper breathing), shavasana, and meditation-on male and female fertility and ART outcomes...
November 7, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110205/psychobiography-and-the-psychology-of-religion-a-tribute-to-the-work-of-donald-capps
#19
Janet Jacobs
This article examines Donald Capps's work on the psychology of major religious figures and the social forces that informed their psychic lives, spiritual worldviews, and teachings. Drawing on four texts that were published between 2000 and 2014, the essay explores Capps's views on the importance of psychobiography to the study of religion and the specific contributions his thinking has made to a greater understanding of the historical Jesus. The article considers Capps's analysis of Jesus's illegitimacy and his role as healer within the society in which he lived and preached...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108832/temporal-processing-in-audition-insights-from-music
#20
Vani G Rajendran, Sundeep Teki, Jan W H Schnupp
Music is a curious example of a temporally patterned acoustic stimulus, and a compelling pan-cultural phenomenon. This review strives to bring some insights from decades of music psychology and sensorimotor synchronization (SMS) literature into the mainstream auditory domain, arguing that musical rhythm perception is shaped in important ways by temporal processing mechanisms in the brain. The feature that unites these disparate disciplines is an appreciation of the central importance of timing, sequencing, and anticipation...
November 3, 2017: Neuroscience
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