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Cultural Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429601/later-life-preparation-patterns-on-depression-among-korean-baby-boom-generations
#1
Seok In Nam, Junpyo Kim, Jimin Shin, Arram Yim
The aim of this study was to examine the later-life preparation pattern of Korean baby boomers and its effect on depression. Using the fourth wave of Korean Retirement and Income Study, later-life preparation was measured by economic, physical, and psychological preparation, and leisure, and family relationship satisfaction. The data analysis included latent class analysis, correlations, multiple logistic regression, and analysis of variance. Later-life patterns of Korean baby boomers were classified as high-level (35...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429239/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-short-three-dimensional-inventory-of-character-strengths
#2
Wenjie Duan, He Bu
PURPOSE: Character strength is described as a positive and organized pattern of emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. It serves as a schema that organizes categories of information toward the self, others, and the world, and provides the self-aware knowledge that facilitates the pursuit of goals, values, and ethical principles. Recent research has suggested that three reliable factors emerge from the measures of character strengths: caring, inquisitiveness, and self-control. The goal of this paper is to develop a psychometrically sound short measure of character strength...
April 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426537/supportive-care-needs-and-association-with-quality-of-life-of-mexican-adults-with-solid-cancers
#3
Svetlana V Doubova, Maria Guadalupe Casales-Hernández, Ricardo Perez-Cuevas
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer have supportive care needs. Studies that analyze the relationship between supportive care needs and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are scarce. Cultural differences in supportive care needs and perceived QoL are also worth analyzing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the association between supportive care needs and HRQoL of Mexican adults given a diagnosis of solid cancers. METHODS: We performed a secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional survey of 825 adult patients with cancer treated at the Oncology Hospital of the Mexican Institute of Social Security...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425891/teaching-psychology-in-medicine-the-context-methodologies-and-doctor-s-professional-identity
#4
REVIEW
Silvia Ouakinin
INTRODUCTION: Teaching Psychology in medical curriculum has been the subject of numerous dissertations that focus on the relevance of this knowledge for doctors, at a general level. METHODS: A non-systematic review of the relevant literature, particularly from the last decade, as well as national and international recommendations addressing the need for integration of behavioural and social sciences in medical training, was performed. RESULTS: The literature supports the existence of preconceptions and negative attitudes towards the role of psychology in medical education, demonstrated by research in various european and american universities...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425000/medical-care-screening-and-regularization-of-sub-saharan-irregular-migrants-affected-by-hepatitis-b-in-france-and-italy
#5
Cecilia Santilli
Both in France and in Italy hepatitis B is present mostly among the migrant population coming from sub-Saharan Africa and mainly among those migrants having a poor socio-economic background. This article is aimed at assaying the impact of public policies adopted by France and Italy for migrants' health on the treatment of migrants with HBV. The article is based on semi-structured interviews conducted with 30 immigrant adults taken into care by two associations dealing with medical, psychological and social issues of immigrants applying for a residence permit, mainly asylum seekers...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424380/-schizotypy-detachment-or-magical-fusion
#6
János Kállai, Mária Simon, István Hartung, Béla Birkás, Róbert Herold
Nowadays, both in the clinical population, and in general communities, we tend to encounter an increasing number of personality disorder patients, whose social adjustment, partnerships and efficient life management is made difficult by the disorder. The ideas of borderline personality disorder patients, who fluctuate between farfetched expectations and fears of their selves being demolished, schizoid patients, who close their selves in their own alienating prison, avoidant patients, who try to escape difficulties, which would enhance their self-esteem, OCD patients, who build their own mythic superstitious world, and antisocial patients who tend to ignore and aggressively override others' interests are all important in the development of cultures with insecure identities...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424379/-risk-factors-of-eating-disorders-in-the-narratives-of-fashion-models
#7
Nikolett Bogár, Ferenc Túry
INTRODUCTION: The risk of eating disorders is high in populations who are exposed to slimness ideal, so among fashion models. The present qualitative study evaluates the risk factors of eating disorders in a group of fashion models with semistructured interview. Moreover, the aim of the study was to examine the impact of professional requirements on the health of models. METHODS: The study group was internationally heterogeneous. The models were involved by personal professional relationship...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422704/influencing-factors-on-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-in-young-people-an-ecological-perspective
#8
Hoda Arabi-Mianrood, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Elham Khoori, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zohreh Shahhosseini
Background In recent years, high-risk sexual behaviors due to their negative consequences both for the individual and society have received more attention than other high-risk behaviors. Objective The aim of this study was to review the influencing factors of high-risk sexual behaviors among young people from an ecological point of view. Methods This review was conducted through searching databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library with keywords such as sexual risk-taking behavior, high-risk sex, unprotected sex and unsafe sex...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421019/gender-moderates-the-influence-of-self-construal-priming-on-fairness-considerations
#9
Nic Flinkenflogel, Sheida Novin, Mariette Huizinga, Lydia Krabbendam
Research in social and cultural psychology has identified that self-construal, or the way the self is defined in relation to others, plays an important role in social decision-making processes. Yet it remains difficult to isolate the effect of self-construal in a comparative approach. Therefore, we used priming methodology in three studies to induce either an independent or interdependent mindset to test direct consequences on fairness considerations. Specifically, we asked whether participants would accept an unfair ultimatum game offer: a split of 10 euros, where the participant is allocated the marginal share of 3 and the proposer 7...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420449/interpersonal-harm-aversion-as-a-necessary-foundation-for-morality-a-developmental-neuroscience-perspective
#10
Jean Decety, Jason M Cowell
Growing evidence from developmental psychology and social neuroscience emphasizes the importance of third-party harm aversion for constructing morality. A sensitivity to interpersonal harm emerges very early in ontogeny, as reflected in both the capacity for implicit social evaluation and an aversion for antisocial agents. Yet it does not necessarily entail avoidance toward inflicting pain to others. Later, an understanding that harmful actions cause suffering emerges, followed by an integration of rules that can depend on social contexts and cultures...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#11
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402134/cultivating-the-therapeutic-self-in-china
#12
Li Zhang
Facing intensified market competition and rapid social change, many Chinese are experiencing increased mental distress. In this article, I examine how psychological training and interventions play a vital part in cultivating a new self among urban middle-classes. I ask how the Chinese notion, ziwo (self), is turned into an object of intense inquiry and how therapeutic techniques are deployed for self-development. The new forms of the self however continue to intersect with and complicate the existing social nexus, cultural sensibilities, and notions of personhood...
April 12, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401792/assessment-of-long-term-mate-preferences-in-iran
#13
Mohammad Atari
Previous research suggests that assessment of mate preferences has received relatively little psychometric attention from researchers, particularly in non-Western cultures. The current research was designed to (1) extend previous findings on long-term mate preferences by using a qualitative strategy, (2) develop a psychometrically sound scale for assessment of long-term mate preferences in men, and (3) develop a sex-neutral scale for assessment of long-term mate preferences. Six dimensions of mate preferences emerged for men: F = family/domesticity, A = attractiveness/sexuality, K = kindness/dependability, E = education/intelligence, R = religiosity/chastity, and S = status/resources...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400739/toward-a-psychology-of-social-change-a-typology-of-social-change
#14
Roxane de la Sablonnière
Millions of people worldwide are affected by dramatic social change (DSC). While sociological theory aims to understand its precipitants, the psychological consequences remain poorly understood. A large-scale literature review pointed to the desperate need for a typology of social change that might guide theory and research toward a better understanding of the psychology of social change. Over 5,000 abstracts from peer-reviewed articles were assessed from sociological and psychological publications. Based on stringent inclusion criteria, a final 325 articles were used to construct a novel, multi-level typology designed to conceptualize and categorize social change in terms of its psychological threat to psychological well-being...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400628/evidence-and-suggested-therapeutic-approach-in-psoriasis-of-difficult-to-treat-areas-palmoplantar-psoriasis-nail-psoriasis-scalp-psoriasis-and-intertriginous-psoriasis
#15
REVIEW
Nilendu Sarma
Psoriasis is resistant to treatment and it shows frequent relapse; systemic treatment is often associated with toxicities, and long-term safety data are lacking for most of the newer drugs like biologics. Moreover, some body areas such as hands, feet, intertriginous areas, scalp, and nails are even more resistant. Frequently, systemic treatments are necessary considering the higher psychological impact on the patient. There is a lack of agreement on the best therapeutic modalities in the management of psoriasis involving difficult-to-treat locations...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400466/substance-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-patterns-motivations-impacts-and-intervention-development-need
#16
REVIEW
Adam Bourne, Peter Weatherburn
OBJECTIVES: In this narrative review we illustrate the patterns of substance use among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM), including comparisons with heterosexual populations, subgroup analyses and settings of substance use. We also consider explanations and motivations for substance use and the impact of use on sexual health as well as wider health and well-being. Finally, we consider the implications for the provision of MSM-tailored substance use and harm reduction services...
April 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398661/experiences-of-violence-and-abuse-among-internally-displaced-adolescent-girls-following-a-natural-disaster
#17
Elizabeth Sloand, Cheryl Killion, Hossein Yarandi, Phyllis Sharps, Annie Lewis-O'connor, Mona Hassan, Faye Gary, Cesar Nicole Muller, Doris Campbell
AIM: To describe the physical, psychological and sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent girls following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and related risk factors, health concerns and cultural norms. BACKGROUND: Thousands of adolescents were displaced following the earthquake, leaving them vulnerable to abuse and violence. Displaced survivors are disproportionately vulnerable to violence after natural and man-made disasters. DESIGN: A descriptive-correlational design was used to: 1) describe the extent of violence, health risks and concerns in the displaced adolescent girls; and 2) identify correlations in the strength and magnitude of relationships between selected variables including demographics, risk factors and cultural tolerance of violence...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398194/causal-attributions-of-mental-health-problems-and-depressive-symptoms-among-older-somali-refugees-in-finland
#18
Saija Kuittinen, Mulki Mölsä, Raija-Leena Punamäki, Marja Tiilikainen, Marja-Liisa Honkasalo
Causal attributions of mental health problems play a crucial role in shaping and differentiating illness experience in different sociocultural and ethnic groups. The aims of this study were (a) to analyze older Somali refugees' causal attributions of mental health problems; (b) to examine the associations between demographic and diagnostic characteristics, proxy indicators of acculturation, and causal attributions; and (c) to analyze the connections between causal attributions and the manifestation of somatic-affective and cognitive depressive symptoms...
April 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398173/perceived-threat-to-national-values-in-evaluating-stereotyped-immigrants
#19
Saori Tsukamoto, Susan T Fiske
The present research examined the psychological reasons behind Americans' (un)willingness to accept immigrants. Participants read a scenario depicting immigrant groups allegedly expected to arrive in the U.S. and evaluated how much the immigrants would influence two types of American national values: civic values (e.g., political ideology) and ethnic values (e.g., shared culture and customs). Across three studies, competitive immigrant groups were stereotyped to be untrustworthy, and perceived to threaten American civic values but not ethnic values...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397324/determinants-of-substance-use-amongst-brazilians-residing-in-the-uk-the-role-of-acculturation
#20
Martha Canfield, Marcia Worrell, Catherine Gilvarry
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Evidence suggests that patterns of substance use are changing amongst some members of migrant groups in the UK. This study explored the extent to which residing in the UK has an impact on substance use behaviours amongst Brazilian migrants. DESIGN AND METHODS: A mixed methods approach was adopted comparing Brazilians residing in the UK (n = 164) and Brazilians residing in Brazil (n = 161), age 27.82 (SD = 5.65) average. Participants' socio-demographic characteristics, resilience, personality traits, drinking motives, psychological distress, frequency of alcohol intake, smoking and other drugs used (Brazil and UK), acculturation outcomes and length of residence (UK) were explored...
April 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
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