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Cultural Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352022/of-mice-and-mental-health-facilitating-dialogue-and-seeing-further
#1
Amy L Milton, Emily A Holmes
The science of mental life is critical for understanding both how we function, and impairments in our functioning. However, understanding the causal mechanisms underlying mental health disorders and developing new treatments are challenges too great to be solved by any individual approach. There is a growing awareness that translational research-from laboratory to patient and back again to animal models-will be critical for the improved understanding and treatment of mental health disorders. The motivation and intention to pursue translational approaches is therefore strong in mental health research, but critically, opportunities for interaction between basic scientists and clinicians are relatively limited, and vary depending on the institution in which researchers are working...
March 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350073/in-their-own-words-a-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-research-on-the-experiences-of-adults-seeking-asylum-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-findings-in-forced-migration
#2
Thomas Hoare, Andrew Vidgen, Neil Roberts
Quantitative research indicates that some forced migrants have mental health needs. Asylum seekers are a group of forced migrants applying for asylum status in a host country, and are often subject to rights restrictions and threat of deportation, though little is known about subjective experiences of the asylum journey and process of claiming asylum. The current paper therefore describes a systematic review of the qualitative literature, examining asylum seekers experiences of asylum journey, from country of origin, to arrival and adaptation to host countries...
December 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345492/cigdem-kagitcibasi-1940-2017
#3
Zeynep Aycan, Zeynep Cemalcilar
Presents an obituary for Cigdem Kagitcibasi. Kagitcibasi is considered one of the founders of cross-cultural psychology. Her theoretical and applied research focused on human development in socio-cultural context, leading her to question the applicability of mainstream psychology to the majority (non-Western) world. Her emphasis on culture, social change, and the family as important aspects of the context of human development gave birth to Family Change Theory and the Theory of Autonomous-Related Self. Kagitcibasi was the first female president of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, the vice president of the International Union of Psychological Science and the International Social Science Council...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345486/facilitating-pipeline-progress-from-doctoral-degree-to-first-job
#4
Nadine J Kaslow, Debra A Bangasser, Catherine L Grus, Stephen R McCutcheon, Garth A Fowler
The sequence of professional development within psychology from doctoral education to first job represents a period of remarkable professional and personal growth for each trainee. However, this sequence also contains a variety of barriers that hinder progress through the pipeline. The myriad individual-, program-, and system-level barriers encountered by trainees in health service/other applied service psychology and in research basic/applied psychology are identified. To actively and systematically facilitate improved passage through major transition points, individual trainee and trainer, program- and system-level action steps are recommended...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344535/sexual-experience-of-iranian-women-in-their-middle-life-a-qualitative-approach
#5
Sedigheh Moghasemi, Giti Ozgoli, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masomeh Simbar
Background: Sexual problems are common among the middle-aged women; however, there is no deep understanding of sexuality in midlife. The current study aimed to investigate Iranian women's attitudes and experiences about sexual life changes in midlife. Methods: This is a descriptive qualitative study. Seventeen women aged 40 -65 years old were purposively selected from urban health centers in Gorgan, Iran, in 2015. Face-to-face, semi-structured and in-depth interviews were conducted for data collection until data saturation was attained...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344083/psychosocial-problems-in-traumatized-refugee-families-overview-of-risks-and-some-recommendations-for-support-services
#6
EDITORIAL
J M Fegert, C Diehl, B Leyendecker, K Hahlweg, V Prayon-Blum
This article is an abridged version of a report by an advisory council to the German government on the psychosocial problems facing refugee families from war zones who have settled in Germany. It omits the detailed information contained in the report about matters that are specific to the German health system and asylum laws, and includes just those insights and strategies that may be applicable to assisting refugees in other host countries as well. The focus is on understanding the developmental risks faced by refugee children when they or family members are suffering from trauma-related psychological disorders, and on identifying measures that can be taken to address these risks...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342081/age-and-gender-differences-in-psychological-distress-among-african-americans-and-whites-findings-from-the-2016-national-health-interview-survey
#7
Daphne C Watkins, Natasha C Johnson
Previous studies report a race and mental health paradox: Whites score higher on measures of major depression compared to African Americans, but the opposite is true for psychological distress (i.e., African Americans score higher on distress measures compared to Whites). Independently, race, age, and gender outcomes for psychological distress are well documented in the literature. However, there is relatively little research on how psychological distress interferes with the lives of African Americans and Whites at the intersection of their various race, age, and gender identities...
January 17, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336732/some-university-lecturers-wear-gay-pride-t-shirts-get-over-it-denials-of-homophobia-and-the-reproduction-of-heteronormativity-in-responses-to-a-gay-themed-t-shirt
#8
Victoria Clarke
This paper explores an incident involving a gay pride t-shirt, printed with the slogan 'Some people are gay. Get over it!', that I wore during a university lecture, and students' predominantly negative responses to it. I use the lens of 'modern' prejudice research, particularly discursive psychological approaches to modern prejudice, to interpret the students' responses to a qualitative survey about their views on the t-shirt. They related strong feelings of upset and anger, particularly because I had - in their view - implicitly accused them of being homophobic...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334635/the-effect-of-altitude-and-climate-on-the-suicide-rates-in-turkey
#9
Mahmut Asirdizer, Erhan Kartal, Yasin Etli, Ertugrul Tatlisumak, Orhan Gumus, Yavuz Hekimoglu, Sıddık Keskin
Suicide is one of the most important public health problems. There was an association between suicide and several factors such as psychiatric diseases and psychological characteristics, somatic illness, cultural, socioeconomic, familial, occupational and individual risk factors. Also, high altitude and climatic factors including high temperature, cloudiness, more sunshine and low rainfalls were defined as some of these risk factors in the literature. In this study, we aimed to investigate correlation between suicide rates and altitudes of all cities in Turkey and between suicide rates and climatic factors including Rainfall Activity Index, Winter Mean Temperatures, Summer Mean Temperatures and Temperature Difference between January and July previously defined by several authors in the broad series in Turkey...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333887/physical-and-psychological-abuse-among-seropositive-african-american-msm-50-aged-years-and-older
#10
Christopher Lance Coleman
Little is known about abuse experienced among African American men who have sex with men (MSM) who are 50 years and older. A series of focus groups were conducted to examine perspectives of seropositive African American MSM age 50 years and older who reported experiencing some form of psychological or physical abuse. Thirty African American MSM were divided into four focus groups and four themes emerged: "Fear Being Gay," "No One Else to Love Me," "Nowhere to Turn," and "Sexual Risk & Control." The data suggest there is a need to develop culturally tailored interventions for this population...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332052/when-art-meets-gardens-does-it-enhance-the-benefits-the-nancy-hypothesis-of-care-for-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Thérèse Rivasseau Jonveaux, Reinhard Fescharek
The creation of healing gardens for persons with Alzheimer's disease and related diseases (ADRD) offers vast potential. They can play a role in the scaffolding of cognitive disorders, emotional stress, sensory processing, sense of harmony, and appeasement. These effects are achieved through a distributed interplay of psychological functions with the immediate environment and local culture on the one hand, and dialogue on the other. The garden, a natural canvas created by man, shares with art the ability to foster an esthetic sense for which the perception can be measured by functional neurological imaging exploration...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332015/post-traumatic-stress-and-growth-among-cpr-survivors-in-the-southeast-of-iran
#12
Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Masoud Rayyani, Mahlagha Dehghan, Batool Tirgari, Seyed Habibollah Hosseini
Background Almost 7.2%-10.6% of patients survive CPR in Iran. Most of them experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and post-traumatic growth (PTG). There are limited studies to assessing the correlation between these two psychological outcomes among CPR survivors. Objective This study aimed to examine the correlation between PTSD and PTG among CPR survivors in South-East Iran. Subjects Using Quota sampling, 163 CPR survivors in two provinces in the South-East of Iran were selected to participate in this study...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331841/culture-beats-gender-the-importance-of-controlling-for-identity-and-parenting-related-risk-factors-in-adolescent-psychopathology
#13
Inge Seiffge-Krenke, Malte Persike, Elias Besevegis, Cecilia Chau, Neslihan Güney Karaman, Lyda Lannegrand-Willems, Katharzyna Lubiewska, Iffat Rohail
This study analyzed the unique effects of gender and culture on psychopathology in adolescents from seven countries after controlling for factors which might have contributed to variations in psychopathology. In a sample 2259 adolescents (M = 15 years; 54% female) from France, Germany, Turkey, Greece, Peru, Pakistan, and Poland identity stress, coping with identity stress, maternal parenting (support, psychological control, anxious rearing) and psychopathology (internalizing, externalizing and total symptomatology) were assessed...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331500/peripheral-modulation-of-the-endocannabinoid-system-in-metabolic-disease
#14
REVIEW
Nirajan Shrestha, James S M Cuffe, Dana S Hutchinson, John P Headrick, Anthony V Perkins, Andrew J McAinch, Deanne H Hryciw
Dysfunction of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) has been identified in metabolic disease. Cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) is abundantly expressed in the brain but also expressed in the periphery. Cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) is more abundant in the periphery, including the immune cells. In obesity, global antagonism of overexpressed CB1 reduces bodyweight but leads to centrally mediated adverse psychological outcomes. Emerging research in isolated cultured cells or tissues has demonstrated that targeting the endocannabinoid system in the periphery alleviates the pathologies associated with metabolic disease...
January 10, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330666/heidegger-communication-and-healthcare
#15
Casey Rentmeester
Communication between medical professionals and patients is an important aspect of therapy and patient satisfaction. Common barriers that get in the way of effective communication in this sphere include: (1) gender, age, and cultural differences; (2) physical or psychological discomfort or pain; (3) medical literacy; and (4) distraction due to technological factors or simply being overworked. The author examines these communicative barriers from a philosophical lens and then utilizes Martin Heidegger's phenomenology and hermeneutics to provide guidance for medical professional-patient interactions...
January 12, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329750/women-and-the-experience-of-pain-and-opioid-use-disorder-a-literature-based-commentary
#16
Andrew L Koons, Marna Rayl Greenberg, Robert D Cannon, Gillian A Beauchamp
It is generally understood that pain experience and opioid abuse have relied on male-dominated models. However, sex and gender play a role in both pain experience and opioid use disorder. Using the previously validated Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Sex and Gender Specific Health PubMed Advanced Search Tool, the authors used pertinent literature to develop this literature-based commentary on sex and gender differences in pain experience and opioid use disorder. Women report their experience of pain more frequently, have increased rates of diagnoses related to pain, have increased pain sensitivity, and have a variable response to pain and analgesia...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323507/the-chains-on-all-my-people-are-the-chains-on-me-restrictions-to-collective-autonomy-undermine-the-personal-autonomy-and-psychological-well-being-of-group-members
#17
Frank J Kachanoff, Donald M Taylor, Julie Caouette, Thomas H Khullar, Michael J A Wohl
Four studies assessed the potentially detrimental effects that restrictions to collective autonomy (i.e., a group's freedom to determine and practice its own identity) may have for the personal autonomy and psychological well-being of group members. In Study 1, using 3 distinct samples (NSample1a = 123, NSample1b = 129, NSample1c = 370), correlational and cross-cultural evidence indicates that perceived restrictions to the collective autonomy of one's group is directly associated with reduced personal autonomy, and indirectly associated with diminished well-being through personal autonomy...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322511/discrimination-religious-and-cultural-factors-and-middle-eastern-arab-americans-psychological-distress
#18
Ayse S Ikizler, Dawn M Szymanski
OBJECTIVE(S): We investigated (1) the moderating role of religiosity in the link between religious affiliation and ethnic discrimination and (2) the moderating roles of religiosity, ethnic identity, and family connectedness in the relations between ethnic discrimination and psychological distress. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 122 (60% women, 40% men) Middle Eastern/Arab Americans (MEAAs), ranging in age from 18 to 82 years old, who completed an online survey...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319805/the-captive-brain-torture-and-the-neuroscience-of-humane-interrogation
#19
Shane O'Mara
Despite it being abhorrent and illegal, torture is sometimes employed for information gathering. However, the extreme stressors employed during torture force the brain away from the relatively narrow, adaptive range of function it operates within. Torture degrades signal-to-noise ratios of information yield, and increases false positive discovery rates. As a discovery methodology, torture fails basic tests of veridical, reliable, and replicable information discovery. Torture fails during interrogation because it is an assault on our core integrated, social, psychological, and neural functioning...
January 3, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315784/the-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-arab-adolescents-findings-from-jordan
#20
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
BACKGROUND: The lack of research regarding the current profile of adolescent depression in the Arab countries in general, and Jordan in particular, makes it difficult to design, implement, and disseminate effective interventions to improve the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adolescent depression in the region. The purpose of this study was to estimate a national prevalence of depressive symptoms among adolescents in Jordan, and to identify characteristics associated with severity of depression...
January 8, 2018: Public Health Nursing
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