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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433647/the-success-of-return-to-sport-after-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injury-in-baseball-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Scott D Peters, Garrett S Bullock, Adam P Goode, Grant E Garrigues, David S Ruch, Michael P Reiman
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament injury (UCLI) has significantly increased in overhead sports during the past 2 decades. Differences in return to sport (RTS) and RTS at previous level (RTSP) after UCLI have not been differentiated. METHODS: A computer-assisted literature search of PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and SportDiscus databases using keywords related to RTS for UCLI was implemented. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were used for study methodology...
March 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409202/achillon-versus-open-surgery-in-acute-achilles-tendon-repair
#2
Ilhan Alcelik, Zubair M Saeed, Ben A Haughton, Rizwan Shahid, John C Alcelik, Craig Brogden, Adam Budgen
BACKGROUND: Open Achilles tendon repairs (OATR) are associated with high complication rates. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) techniques like the Achillon Achilles tendon repair (AATR) were developed to reduce this. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare OATR with AATR. METHODS: We performed an extensive literature search including all studies that compared the two techniques. Outcomes assessed included overall complication rate, re-rupture rate, sural nerve injury, wound length, The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Scores (AOFAS) scores and return to sports...
May 4, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385904/effects-of-weightlifting-exercise-traditional-resistance-and-plyometric-training-on-countermovement-jump-performance-a-meta-analysis
#3
Ricardo Berton, Manoel E Lixandrão, Claudio M Pinto E Silva, Valmor Tricoli
Jump performance is considered an important factor in many sports. Thus, strategies such as weightlifting (WL) exercises, traditional resistance training (TRT) and plyometric training (PT) are effective at improving jump performance. However, it is not entirely clear which of these strategies can enable greater improvements on jump height. Thus, the purpose of the meta-analysis was to compare the improvements on countermovement jump (CMJ) performance between training methods which focus on WL exercises, TRT, and PT...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381423/glenohumeral-internal-rotation-deficit-and-risk-of-upper-extremity-injury-in-overhead-athletes-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#4
Robert A Keller, Anthony F De Giacomo, Julie A Neumann, Orr Limpisvasti, James E Tibone
CONTEXT: Current perception dictates that glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) is a chronic adaptation that leads to an increased risk of pathologic conditions in the dominant shoulder or elbow of overhead athletes. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adaptations in glenohumeral range of motion in overhead athletes lead to injuries of the upper extremity, specifically in the shoulder or elbow. DATA SOURCES: An electronic database search was performed using Medline, Embase, and SportDiscus from 1950 to 2016...
January 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373805/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-after-hip-arthroscopy-in-femoroacetabular-impingement
#5
Anas A Minkara, Robert W Westermann, James Rosneck, T Sean Lynch
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has become a more commonly recognized cause of limited hip range of motion and hip pain among young adults and athletes. Hip arthroscopy is recommended for the surgical treatment of this disorder, unless specific contraindications exist. Despite the increasing rate of published studies in this area, there remains no aggregate data for outcomes after this approach. PURPOSE: To evaluate risk factors and outcomes after arthroscopic management of FAI, including return to play, revision rate, surgical and nonsurgical complications, change in α-angle, intraoperative bone resection, and patient-reported outcomes...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370669/the-role-of-habitual-physical-activity-on-arterial-stiffness-in-elderly-individuals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Wonil Park, Hun-Young Park, Kiwon Lim, Jonghoon Park
PURPOSE: Physical inactivity behavior at middle age or older is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, the effects of levels of habitual physical activity on arterial stiffness in elderly population remain unclear currently. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to demonstrate whether the effects of habitual physical activity could attenuate arterial stiffness in elderly individuals via a meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched the Medline and Embase databases from January 1997 through November 2017, using the medical subject headings "older population", "physical activity" (e...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363053/is-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-effective-in-the-treatment-of-acute-muscle-injuries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Alberto Grassi, Francesca Napoli, Iacopo Romandini, Kristian Samuelsson, Stefano Zaffagnini, Christian Candrian, Giuseppe Filardo
BACKGROUND: Muscle lesions account for one-third of sport-related injuries, thus representing a substantial problem for both players and their teams. The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections is rapidly growing in clinical practice, prompted by an unmet clinical need with a large commercial market. However, after early reports of positive preliminary experience, higher quality studies recently questioned the real benefit provided by PRP injections to promote muscle healing and return to sport...
January 23, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350555/outcomes-of-latarjet-procedure-compared-with-bankart-repair-for-recurrent-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#8
Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Gail P Parr
Reference/Citation:  An VV, Sivakumar BS, Phan K, Trantalis J. A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical and patient-reported outcomes following two procedures for recurrent traumatic anterior instability of the shoulder: Latarjet procedure vs. Bankart repair. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016;25(5):853-863. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Are clinical and patient-reported outcomes different between the Latarjet and Bankart repair stabilization procedures when performed for recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder instability? DATA SOURCES:   Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane databases, American College of Physicians Journal Club, and Database of Abstracts of Review of Effectiveness were searched up to June 2015...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349651/epidemiology-of-head-injuries-focusing-on-concussions-in-team-contact-sports-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Annika Prien, Alexander Grafe, Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Although injuries to the head represent a small proportion of all sport injuries, they are of great concern due to their potential long-term consequences, which are even suspected in mild traumatic brain injuries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to compare the incidence of concussions and other head injuries in elite level football, rugby, ice hockey and American Football. METHODS: Four electronic databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, PubMed) were searched...
January 18, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349503/is-there-any-difference-between-open-and-arthroscopic-treatment-for-osteochondritis-dissecans-ocd-of-the-humeral-capitellum-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Yi Lu, Yi Jun Li, Si Yi Guo, Hai Long Zhang
PURPOSE: We present a systematic review of the recent literatures regarding the arthroscopic and open technique in fragment fixation for osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the humeral capitellum and an analysis of the subjective and objective outcomes between these two procedures. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE were reviewed for suitable articles relating to fragment fixation for OCD, both open and arthroscopic. We included all studies reporting on the clinical outcomes of these two procedures that were published in the English language...
January 18, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332730/biomechanical-factors-associated-with-running-economy-and-performance-of-elite-kenyan-distance-runners-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Nassib Tawa, Quinette Louw
BACKGROUND: Running economy (RE) is a determinant of performance in endurance sports and is a complex multi-factorial measure which reflects the combined functioning of bio-mechanical, neuro-muscular, metabolic and cardio-respiratory factors some of which are hereditary or adapt to coaching. Kenyan distance runners have dominated major global events with their unmatched performance for decades and this phenomenon has prompted several investigations aimed at establishing possible factors associated with their performance...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332225/over-90%C3%A2-of-children-and-adolescents-return-to-sport-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Jeffrey Kay, Muzammil Memon, Robert G Marx, Devin Peterson, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi R Ayeni
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate at which children and adolescent athletes return to sporting activities after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Three databases, PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE, were searched from database inception until September 9, 2017 by two reviewers independently and in duplicate. The inclusion criteria were English language studies that reported return to sport outcomes. Book chapters, conference papers, review articles, and technical reports were excluded...
January 13, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315892/effects-of-fasted-vs-fed-state-exercise-on-performance-and-post-exercise-metabolism-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Tom P Aird, Robert W Davies, Brian P Carson
The effects of nutrition on exercise metabolism and performance remains an important topic among sports scientists, clinical, and athletic populations. Recently, fasted exercise has garnered interest as a beneficial stimulus which induces superior metabolic adaptations to fed exercise in key peripheral tissues. Conversely, pre-exercise feeding augments exercise performance compared with fasting conditions. Given these seemingly divergent effects on performance and metabolism, an appraisal of the literature is warranted...
January 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299878/talent-identification-and-development-in-male-football-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Hugo Sarmento, M Teresa Anguera, Antonino Pereira, Duarte Araújo
BACKGROUND: Expertise has been extensively studied in several sports over recent years. The specificities of how excellence is achieved in Association Football, a sport practiced worldwide, are being repeatedly investigated by many researchers through a variety of approaches and scientific disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesise the most significant literature addressing talent identification and development in football. We identified the most frequently researched topics and characterised their methodologies...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299876/the-incidence-of-injury-in-amateur-male-rugby-union-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Caithriona Yeomans, Ian C Kenny, Roisin Cahalan, Giles D Warrington, Andrew J Harrison, Kevin Hayes, Mark Lyons, Mark J Campbell, Thomas M Comyns
BACKGROUND: Rugby union is a physically demanding, full-contact team sport that has gained worldwide popularity. The incidence of injury in rugby union has been widely reported in the literature. While comprehensive injury surveillance and prevention programmes have been implemented within the professional game, there is a need for similar strategies in the amateur game. Despite recent increases in the volume of research in rugby, there is little consensus regarding the true incidence rate of match and training injuries in senior amateur male rugby union players...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288436/the-relationships-between-internal-and-external-measures-of-training-load-and-intensity-in-team-sports-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Shaun J McLaren, Tom W Macpherson, Aaron J Coutts, Christopher Hurst, Iain R Spears, Matthew Weston
BACKGROUND: The associations between internal and external measures of training load and intensity are important in understanding the training process and the validity of specific internal measures. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide meta-analytic estimates of the relationships, as determined by a correlation coefficient, between internal and external measures of load and intensity during team-sport training and competition. A further aim was to examine the moderating effects of training mode on these relationships...
December 29, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286534/fitness-training-for-cardiorespiratory-conditioning-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
REVIEW
Leanne Hassett, Anne M Moseley, Alison R Harmer
BACKGROUND: Reduced cardiorespiratory fitness (cardiorespiratory deconditioning) is a common consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Fitness training may be implemented to address this impairment. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this updated review was to evaluate whether fitness training improves cardiorespiratory fitness in people who have sustained a TBI. The secondary objectives were to evaluate whether fitness training improves body function and structure (physical and cognitive impairments, psychological responses resulting from the injury), activity limitations and participation restrictions in people who have sustained a TBI as well as to evaluate its safety, acceptance, feasibility and suitability...
December 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282554/soccer-helps-build-strong-bones-during-growth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Gabriel Lozano-Berges, Ángel Matute-Llorente, Alejandro González-Agüero, Alejandro Gómez-Bruton, Alba Gómez-Cabello, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez, José A Casajús
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of soccer practice on bone in male and female children and adolescents. MEDLINE, PubMed, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science databases were searched for scientific articles published up to and including October 2016. Twenty-seven studies were included in this systematic review (13 in the meta-analysis). The meta-analysis was performed by using OpenMeta[Analyst] software. It is well documented that soccer practice during childhood provides positive effects on bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD) compared to sedentary behaviors and other sports, such as tennis, weightlifting, or swimming...
December 28, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260381/the-neural-basis-of-kinesthetic-and-visual-imagery-in-sports-an-ale-meta%C3%A2-%C3%A2-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Alberto Filgueiras, Erick Francisco Quintas Conde, Craig R Hall
Imagery is a widely spread technique in the sport sciences that entails the mental rehearsal of a given situation to improve an athlete's learning, performance and motivation. Two modalities of imagery are reported to tap into distinct brain structures, but sharing common components: kinesthetic and visual imagery. This study aimed to investigate the neural basis of those types of imagery with Activation Likelihood Estimation algorithm to perform a meta - analysis. A systematic search was used to retrieve only experimental studies with athletes or sportspersons...
December 19, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249082/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-women-playing-competitive-team-bat-or-stick-sports-a-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Nirmala Kanthi Panagodage Perera, Corey Joseph, Joanne Lyn Kemp, Caroline Frances Finch
BACKGROUND: Team bat-or-stick sports, including cricket, softball and hockey, are popular among women. However, little is known about the injury profile in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe the incidence, nature and anatomical location of injuries in bat-or-stick sports played by women in a competitive league. METHODS: This review was prospectively registered (PROSPERO CRD42015026715). CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, SPORTDiscus were systematically searched from January 2000 to September 2016, inclusive...
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
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