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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243508/the-effectiveness-of-hydrokinesiotherapy-on-postural-balance-of-hemiplegic-patients-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Georgia Iatridou, Henrietta-Syngliti Pelidou, Dimitrios Varvarousis, Alexandra Stergiou, Alexander Beris, Panagiotis Givissis, Avraam Ploumis
OBJECTIVE: To summarize evidence on the effects of hydrokinesiotherapy (HT) on postural balance in hemiplegic patients after stroke and compare them with conventional land therapy. DATA SOURCES: A literature search until October 2017 was conducted on CINAHL, PubMed, Cochrane EBM Reviews, Cochrane Clinical Trials, DARE, MEDLINE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), PsycInfo and Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine Source. REVIEW METHODS: Only randomized controlled trials with pre-intervention and post-intervention assessment on postural control have been included...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209504/the-fifa-11-injury-prevention-program-for-soccer-players-a-systematic-review
#2
David Sadigursky, Juliana Almeida Braid, Diogo Neiva Lemos De Lira, Bruno Almeida Barreto Machado, Rogério Jamil Fernandes Carneiro, Paulo Oliveira Colavolpe
Background: Soccer is one of the most widely played sports in the world. However, soccer players have an increased risk of lower limb injury. These injuries may be caused by both modifiable and non-modifiable factors, justifying the adoption of an injury prevention program such as the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 11+. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the FIFA 11+ injury prevention program for soccer players. Methodology: This meta-analysis was based on the PRISMA 2015 protocol...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207885/the-effectiveness-of-walking-versus-exercise-on-pain-and-function-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#3
Carla Vanti, Simone Andreatta, Silvia Borghi, Andrew Anthony Guccione, Paolo Pillastrini, Lucia Bertozzi
OBJECTIVE: Walking is commonly recommended to relieve pain and improve function in chronic low back pain. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials concerning the effectiveness of walking interventions compared to other physical exercise on pain, disability, quality of life and fear-avoidance, in chronic low back pain. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of walking alone compared to exercise and to exercise with added walking on adults with chronic low back pain were identified using the MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PsychINFO, and SPORT DiscusTM databases...
December 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207495/validity-of-dietary-assessment-in-athletes-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Louise Capling, Kathryn L Beck, Janelle A Gifford, Gary Slater, Victoria M Flood, Helen O'Connor
Dietary assessment methods that are recognized as appropriate for the general population are usually applied in a similar manner to athletes, despite the knowledge that sport-specific factors can complicate assessment and impact accuracy in unique ways. As dietary assessment methods are used extensively within the field of sports nutrition, there is concern the validity of methodologies have not undergone more rigorous evaluation in this unique population sub-group. The purpose of this systematic review was to compare two or more methods of dietary assessment, including dietary intake measured against biomarkers or reference measures of energy expenditure, in athletes...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194058/gait-deviations-associated-with-concussion-a-systematic-review
#5
Thaer S Manaseer, Douglas P Gross, Liz Dennett, Kathryn Schneider, Jackie L Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Gait deviations resulting from concussion are important to consider in the diagnosis, treatment progression, and return to activity after a concussion. OBJECTIVE: To identify quantifiable gait deviations associated with concussion across populations and time since injury. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Six electronic databases were systematically searched from January 1974 to September 2016. Studies selected included original data, had an analytic design, and reported a quantifiable gait parameter in individuals who had sustained a concussion as defined by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine or related definitions...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191288/spinal-manipulative-therapy-and-sports-performance-enhancement-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Marcelo B Botelho, Bruno A P Alvarenga, Nícolly Molina, Marcos Ribas, Abrahão F Baptista
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the literature regarding the relationship between spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and sports performance. METHODS: PubMed and Embase databases were searched for original studies published up to July 2016. Inclusion criteria were if SMT has been applied to athletes and if any sports performance-related outcome was measured. RESULTS: Of the 581 potential studies, 7 clinical trials were selected...
September 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189929/correction-to-the-effect-of-natural-or-simulated-altitude-training-on-high-intensity-intermittent-running-performance-in-team-sport-athletes-a-meta-analysis
#7
Michael J Hamlin, Catherine A Lizamore, Will G Hopkins
Page 10, Fig. 2: The filled circle labelled "3" was plotted inaccurately and should have been in the "harmful" section of the graph, as shown in the corrected version below.
November 30, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187349/isokinetic-strength-assessment-offers-limited-predictive-validity-for-detecting-risk-of-future-hamstring-strain-in-sport-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Brady Green, Matthew N Bourne, Tania Pizzari
OBJECTIVE: To examine the value of isokinetic strength assessment for predicting risk of hamstring strain injury, and to direct future research into hamstring strain injuries. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Database searches for Medline, CINAHL, Embase, AMED, AUSPORT, SPORTDiscus, PEDro and Cochrane Library from inception to April 2017. Manual reference checks, ahead-of-press and citation tracking. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Prospective studies evaluating isokinetic hamstrings, quadriceps and hip extensor strength testing as a risk factor for occurrence of hamstring muscle strain...
November 29, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184511/dose-response-relationship-of-neuromuscular-training-for-injury-prevention-in-youth-athletes-a-meta-analysis
#9
Simon Steib, Anna L Rahlf, Klaus Pfeifer, Astrid Zech
Background: Youth athletes with intensive sports participation are at an increased risk of sustaining injuries. Neuromuscular training programs reduce sports-related injury risk in this population, however, the dose-response relationship is largely unknown. Thus, the aim of this meta-analysis was to identify the optimal frequency, volume, duration, and period of neuromuscular training to prevent injuries in youth athletes. Methods: Computerized database searches (PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, The Cochrane Library, PEDro) were conducted in January 2017, with search terms related to youth sports, neuromuscular training, and injury prevention...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182549/effects-of-group-counseling-programs-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-sports-intervention-on-internet-addiction-in-east-asia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Jun Liu, Jing Nie, Yafeng Wang
To evaluate the effects of group counseling programs, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and sports intervention on Internet addiction (IA), a systematic search in ten databases was performed to identify eligible studies without language restrictions up to January 2017. A meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis (TSA) was performed, respectively. A total of 58 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which included 2871 participants, were incorporated into our meta-analysis. The results showed that group counseling programs, CBT, and sports intervention could significantly reduce IA levels (group counseling program: standardized mean difference (SMD), -1...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177073/the-anticipatory-stress-response-to-sport-competition-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-cortisol-reactivity
#11
Kjell N van Paridon, Matthew A Timmis, Charlotte M Nevison, Matt Bristow
Objective: Athletes anticipating sport competition regularly experience distinct emotional and physiological responses as a result of the expected psychosocial and physical stress. Specifically, cortisol, an indicator of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation, prepares the athlete for the psychological and physiological demands of competition. The objective of this meta-analysis is to analyse the magnitude of the anticipatory cortisol response in athletes preparing to participate in sport competition and to examine the influence of gender, level of competition and data collection time...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172648/prevention-of-knee-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-through-the-use-of-neuromuscular-and-proprioceptive-training-an-evidence-based-review
#12
Lucas Dargo, Kelsey J Robinson, Kenneth E Games
Reference/Citation:  Donnell-Fink LA, Klara K, Collins JE, et al. Effectiveness of knee injury and anterior cruciate ligament tear prevention programs: a meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2015;10(12)e0144063. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Is neuromuscular and proprioceptive training effective in preventing knee and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries? DATA SOURCES:   The authors searched CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE/EMBASE, PubMed, and Web of Science databases from 1996 through December 2014 and limited the results to peer-reviewed manuscripts published in English...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143655/consent-ethics-and-genetic-biobanks-the-case-of-the-athlome-project
#13
REVIEW
Rachel Thompson, Michael J McNamee
This article provides a critical overview of the ethics and governance of genetic biobank research, using the Athlome Consortium as a large scale instance of collaborative sports genetic biobanking. We present a traditional model of written informed consent for the acquisition, storage, sharing and analysis of genetic data and articulate the challenges to it from new research practices such as genetic biobanking. We then articulate six possible alternative consent models: verbal consent, blanket consent, broad consent, meta consent, dynamic consent and waived consent...
November 14, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140127/proprioceptive-training-for-the-prevention-of-ankle-sprains-an-evidence-based-review
#14
Matthew J Rivera, Zachary K Winkelmann, Cameron J Powden, Kenneth E Games
Reference:  Schiftan GS, Ross LA, Hahne AJ. The effectiveness of proprioceptive training in preventing ankle sprains in sporting populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Sci Med Sport. 2015;18(3):238-244. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Does the use of proprioceptive training as a sole intervention decrease the incidence of initial or recurrent ankle sprains in the athletic population? DATA SOURCES:   The authors completed a comprehensive literature search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) from inception to October 2013...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129021/the-effect-of-natural-or-simulated-altitude-training-on-high-intensity-intermittent-running-performance-in-team-sport-athletes-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Michael J Hamlin, Catherine A Lizamore, Will G Hopkins
BACKGROUND: While adaptation to hypoxia at natural or simulated altitude has long been used with endurance athletes, it has only recently gained popularity for team-sport athletes. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of hypoxic interventions on high-intensity intermittent running performance in team-sport athletes. METHODS: A systematic literature search of five journal databases was performed. Percent change in performance (distance covered) in the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (level 1 and level 2 were used without differentiation) in hypoxic (natural or simulated altitude) and control (sea level or normoxic placebo) groups was meta-analyzed with a mixed model...
November 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111628/comparison-of-body-fat-percentage-of-male-soccer-players-of-different-competitive-levels-playing-positions-and-age-groups-a-meta-analysis
#16
Maamer Slimani, Hela Znazen, Amri Hammami, Nicola L Bragazzi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present meta-analysis was to compare the body fat percentage (%) between male soccer players of different competitive levels, playing positions and age groups. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The systematic search was conducted using different databases and according to the Population/Intervention or Exposure/Comparison/Outcome(s) [PICO] criteria. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Higher % values of body fat in lower-level soccer players than higher-level counterparts (ES=0...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090398/photobiomodulation-therapy-for-the-improvement-of-muscular-performance-and-reduction-of-muscular-fatigue-associated-with-exercise-in-healthy-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Adriane Aver Vanin, Evert Verhagen, Saulo Delfino Barboza, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
Researches have been performed to investigate the effects of phototherapy on improving performance and reduction of muscular fatigue. However, a great variability in the light parameters and protocols of the trials are a concern to establish the efficacy of this therapy to be used in sports or clinic. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness, moment of application of phototherapy within an exercise protocol, and which are the parameters optimally effective for the improvement of muscular performance and the reduction of muscular fatigue in healthy people...
October 31, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083942/regular-aerobic-exercise-and-blood-pressure-in-east-asians-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Yutaka Igarashi, Nobuhiko Akazawa, Seiji Maeda
The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of regular aerobic exercise on blood pressure in East Asians. The inclusion criteria of the randomized controlled trials were healthy East Asian adults, exercise group performing regular aerobic exercise and control group not exercising, and a description of the mean systolic blood pressure or diastolic blood pressure at rest. This study included 31 study groups and 1994 subjects. Pooled changes in blood pressure showed significant reductions (systolic blood pressure: -4...
October 30, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079238/surgical-treatment-versus-conservative-management-for-acute-achilles%C3%A2-tendon-rupture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Senlin Deng, Zhengyu Sun, Chenghao Zhang, Gang Chen, Jian Li
Acute Achilles tendon ruptures can be treated with surgical and nonsurgical treatment. However, the optimal intervention for acute Achilles tendon rupture remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical outcomes of surgical treatment versus conservative management for acute Achilles tendon rupture. Eight randomized controlled studies involving 762 patients were included in the meta-analysis. In general, re-rupture occurred in 14 of 381 surgically treated patients (3.7%) and 37 of 377 nonsurgically treated patients (9...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075200/neuromuscular-adaptations-to-multimodal-injury-prevention-programs-in-youth-sports-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Oliver Faude, Roland Rössler, Erich J Petushek, Ralf Roth, Lukas Zahner, Lars Donath
Objective: Neuromuscular injury prevention programs (IPP) can reduce injury rate by about 40% in youth sport. Multimodal IPP include, for instance, balance, strength, power, and agility exercises. Our systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effects of multimodal IPP on neuromuscular performance in youth sports. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search including selected search terms related to youth sports, injury prevention, and neuromuscular performance. Inclusion criteria were: (i) the study was a (cluster-)randomized controlled trial (RCT), and (ii) investigated healthy participants, up to 20 years of age and involved in organized sport, (iii) an intervention arm performing a multimodal IPP was compared to a control arm following a common training regime, and (iv) neuromuscular performance parameters (e...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
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