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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152317/bone-marrow-derived-multipotent-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-from-horses-after-euthanasia
#1
Carmen Schröck, Carina Eydt, Florian Geburek, Lena Kaiser, Felicitas Päbst, Janina Burk, Christiane Pfarrer, Carsten Staszyk
Allogeneic equine multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (eMSCs) have been proposed for use in regenerative therapies in veterinary medicine. A source of allogeneic eMSCs might be the bone marrow from euthanized horses. The purpose of this study was to compare in vitro characteristics of equine bone marrow derived eMSC (eBM-MSCs) from euthanized horses (eut-MSCs) and from narcotized horses (nar-MSCs). Eut-MSCs and nar-MSCs showed typical eMSC marker profiles (positive: CD44, CD90; negative: CD11a/CD18 and MHCII) and possessed tri-lineage differentiation characteristics...
November 2017: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150602/tlr7-mediated-viral-recognition-results-in-focal-type-i-interferon-secretion-by-dendritic-cells
#2
Shin-Ichiroh Saitoh, Fumiko Abe, Atsuo Kanno, Natsuko Tanimura, Yoshiko Mori Saitoh, Ryutaro Fukui, Takuma Shibata, Katsuaki Sato, Takeshi Ichinohe, Mayumi Hayashi, Kazuishi Kubota, Hiroko Kozuka-Hata, Masaaki Oyama, Yorifumi Kikko, Toshiaki Katada, Kenji Kontani, Kensuke Miyake
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) sense viral RNA through toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), form self-adhesive pDC-pDC clusters, and produce type I interferons. This cell adhesion enhances type I interferon production, but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. Here we show that MyD88-dependent TLR7 signaling activates CD11a/CD18 integrin to induce microtubule elongation. TLR7(+) lysosomes then become linked with these microtubules through the GTPase Arl8b and its effector SKIP/Plekhm2, resulting in perinuclear to peripheral relocalization of TLR7...
November 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133294/proinflammatory-t-cell-status-associated-with-early-life-adversity
#3
Martha M C Elwenspoek, Xenia Hengesch, Fleur A D Leenen, Anna Schritz, Krystel Sias, Violetta K Schaan, Sophie B Mériaux, Stephanie Schmitz, Fanny Bonnemberger, Hartmut Schächinger, Claus Vögele, Jonathan D Turner, Claude P Muller
Early life adversity (ELA) has been associated with an increased risk for diseases in which the immune system plays a critical role. The ELA immune phenotype is characterized by inflammation, impaired cellular immunity, and immunosenescence. However, data on cell-specific immune effects are largely absent. Additionally, stress systems and health behaviors are altered in ELA, which may contribute to the generation of the ELA immune phenotype. The present investigation tested cell-specific immune differences in relationship to the ELA immune phenotype, altered stress parameters, and health behaviors in individuals with ELA (n = 42) and those without a history of ELA (control, n = 73)...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100055/extracellular-isg15-signals-cytokine-secretion-through-the-lfa-1-integrin-receptor
#4
Caleb D Swaim, Ariella F Scott, Larissa A Canadeo, Jon M Huibregtse
ISG15 is a ubiquitin-like protein that functions in innate immunity both as an intracellular protein modifier and as an extracellular signaling molecule that stimulates IFN-γ secretion. The extracellular function, important for resistance to mycobacterial disease, has remained biochemically uncharacterized. We have established an NK-92 cell-based assay for IFN-γ release, identified residues critical for ISG15 signaling, and identified the cell surface receptor as LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18; αLβ2 integrin). LFA-1 inhibition blocked IFN-γ secretion, splenocytes from CD11a(-/-) mice did not respond to ISG15, and ISG15 bound directly to the αI domain of CD11a in vitro...
November 2, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099772/role-of-lfa-1-and-icam-1-in-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Manuel Reina, Enric Espel
The lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) (also known as CD11a/CD18 and αLβ₂), is just one of many integrins in the human body, but its significance is derived from its exclusive presence in leukocytes. In this review, we summarize the studies relating LFA-1 and its major ligand ICAM-1 (or CD54) with cancer, through the function of lymphocytes and myeloid cells on tumor cells. We consider how LFA-1 mediates the interaction of leukocytes with tumors and the role of ICAM-1 in tumor dynamics, which can be independent of its interaction with LFA-1...
November 3, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066026/cd4-cd28-kir-cd11a-hi-t-cells-correlate-with-disease-activity-and-are-characterized-by-a-pro-inflammatory-epigenetic-and-transcriptional-profile-in-lupus-patients
#6
Elizabeth Gensterblum, Paul Renauer, Patrick Coit, Faith M Strickland, Nathan C Kilian, Shaylynn Miller, Mikhail Ognenovski, Jonathan D Wren, Pei-Suen Tsou, Emily E Lewis, Kathleen Maksimowicz-McKinnon, W Joseph McCune, Bruce C Richardson, Amr H Sawalha
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to comprehensively characterize CD4+CD28+ T cells overexpressing CD11a and KIR genes, and examine the relationship between this T cell subset, genetic risk, and disease activity in lupus. METHODS: The size of the CD4+CD28+KIR+CD11a(hi) T cell subset was determined by flow cytometry, and total genetic risk for lupus was calculated in 105 female patients using 43 confirmed genetic susceptibility loci. Primary CD4+CD28+KIR+CD11a(hi) T cells were isolated from lupus patients or were induced from healthy individuals using 5-azacytidine...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042015/identification-of-monoclonal-antibodies-cross-reactive-with-bottlenose-dolphin-orthologues-of-the-major-histocompatibility-complex-and-leukocyte-differentiation-molecules
#7
Mahmoud M Elnaggar, Gaber S Abdellrazeq, Stephanie K Venn-Watson, Eric D Jensen, Victoria Hulubei, Lindsay M Fry, Randy E Sacco, William C Davis
The slow progress in understanding immunotoxic effects of environmental contaminants and their influence on disease susceptibility in whales is largely due to the limited information available on the immune systems and immune function of species included in the Cetancodontamorpha clade. Studies in species in the other major clades included in the Artiodactylamorpha, Ruminantiamorpha, Suinamorpha, and Camelidamorpha have revealed the immune systems are similar, but not identical. The present study was undertaken to expand the available monoclonal antibody reagents needed to gain insight into the composition, function, and evolution of the immune system in Cetancodontamorpha, using the dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) as a model cetacean species...
October 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032059/is-the-adaptive-immune-response-in-murine-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection-influenced-by-zinc-supplementation
#8
Cássia Mariana Bronzon da Costa, Marina Del Vecchio Filipin, Fabrícia Helena Santello, Luiz Miguel Pereira, Miriam Paula Alonso Toldo, José Clóvis do Prado Júnior, Ana Amélia Carraro Abrahão
Chagas disease afflicts 7 to 8 million people worldwide and congenital Chagas' disease usually leads to changes in the maternal environment, culminating in fetal adaptations. Several articles have described the importance of micronutrients on pregnancy, which is sensitive to infections. In Trypanosoma cruzi endemic regions, the Chagas disease is aggravated by the lack of micronutrients in an average diet, to which pregnant women are more susceptible. The aim of this study was to evaluate distinct T cells phenotypes and intracellular cytokines by flow cytometry in pregnant Wistar rats under zinc therapy during experimental Chagas' disease...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954823/a-novel-intracellular-pool-of-lfa-1-is-critical-for-asymmetric-cd8-t-cell-activation-and-differentiation
#9
Tara Capece, Brandon L Walling, Kihong Lim, Kyun-Do Kim, Seyeon Bae, Hung-Li Chung, David J Topham, Minsoo Kim
The integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1; CD11a/CD18) is a key T cell adhesion receptor that mediates stable interactions with antigen-presenting cell (APC), as well as chemokine-mediated migration. Using our newly generated CD11a-mYFP knock-in mice, we discovered that naive CD8(+) T cells reserve a significant intracellular pool of LFA-1 in the uropod during migration. Intracellular LFA-1 quickly translocated to the cell surface with antigenic stimulus. Importantly, the redistribution of intracellular LFA-1 at the contact with APC was maintained during cell division and led to an unequal inheritance of LFA-1 in divided T cells...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846568/impact-of-blood-mixing-and-abo-compatibility-on-platelet-leukocyte-aggregations-and-platelet-p-selectin-expression-an-in-vitro-study
#10
Go-Shine Huang, Mei-Hua Hu, Tso-Chou Lin, Yi-Ting Tsai, Chih-Yuan Lin, Hung-Yen Ke, Xu-Zhi Zheng, Yi-Chang Lin, Chien-Sung Tsai
Effects of blood transfusions on platelet-related and leukocyte-related inflammation are unclear. We simulated transfusion using in vitro blood mixing to evaluate platelet-leukocyte aggregations (PLA) and platelet P-selectin expression, and the mechanism of PLA. Donor packed red blood cells (pRBCs) were obtained from a blood bank. Recipient whole blood samples were obtained from patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Blood sample mixtures were divided into four groups: group M, cross-matched blood type mixing; group O, donor type O with other blood type mixing (A, B, or AB); group S, ABO type-specific uncross-matched blood mixing; and group I, ABO incompatibility mixing...
August 25, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793052/cordyceps-sinensis-promotes-immune-regulation-and-enhances-bacteriostatic-activity-of-pa-824-via-il-10-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-disease
#11
D G Li, Z X Ren
PA-824 is a novel bicyclic nitroimidazole anti-tuberculosis (TB) drug. Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. (CS) was proven to be a good immunomodulatory compound. This research aimed to investigate the effect of CS on PA-824 in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) infected mice (female CBA/J mice, 6 to 8 weeks of age and 20±2 g of weight). Mice were randomly assigned to 4 groups: PA-824, CS, PA-824+CS, and control. To verify the effect of PA-824 and CS on M.tb, after drug administration, mice lungs were harvested and bacterial colony formations were measured...
August 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749083/evidence-of-bone-marrow-downregulation-in-brain-dead-rats
#12
Laura Menegat, Rafael Simas, Julia M Caliman, Fernando L Zanoni, Jacqueline F Jacysyn, Luiz Fernando F da Silva, Primavera Borelli, Luiz Felipe P Moreira, Paulina Sannomiya
Experimental findings support the evidence of a persistent leucopenia triggered by brain death (BD). This study aimed to investigate leucocyte behaviour in bone marrow and blood after BD in rats. BD was induced using intracranial balloon catheter inflation. Sham-operated (SH) rats were trepanned only. Thereafter bone marrow cells were harvested every six hours from the femoral cavity and used for total and differential counts. They were analysed further by flow cytometry to characterize lymphocyte subsets, granulocyte adhesion molecules expression and apoptosis/necrosis [annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) protocol]...
June 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714582/altered-levels-of-soluble-cd18-may-associate-immune-mechanisms-with-outcome-in-sepsis
#13
T W Kragstrup, K Juul-Madsen, S H Christiansen, X Zhang, J Krog, T Vorup-Jensen, A G Kjaergaard
The pathogenesis of sepsis involves a dual inflammatory response, with a hyperinflammatory phase followed by, or in combination with, a hypoinflammatory phase. The adhesion molecules lymphocyte function-associated antigen (LFA-1) (CD11a/CD18) and macrophage-1 (Mac-1) (CD11b/CD18) support leucocyte adhesion to intercellular adhesion molecules and phagocytosis through complement opsonization, both processes relevant to the immune response during sepsis. Here, we investigate the role of soluble (s)CD18 in sepsis with emphasis on sCD18 as a mechanistic biomarker of immune reactions and outcome of sepsis...
November 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662951/cd11a-and-cd49d-enhance-the-detection-of-antigen-specific-t-cells-following-human-vaccination
#14
Allison F Christiaansen, Upasna Gaur Dixit, Rhea N Coler, Anna Marie Beckmann, Steven G Reed, Patricia L Winokur, M Bridget Zimmerman, Steven M Varga, Mary E Wilson
BACKGROUND: Determining the efficacy of human vaccines that induce antigen-specific protective CD4 T cell responses against pathogens can be particularly challenging to evaluate. Surface expression of CD11a and CD49d has been shown to identify antigen-specific CD4 T cells against viral pathogens in mice. We hypothesized that CD11a and CD49d would also serve as markers of human antigen-specific T cells responding to vaccination. METHODS: A phase I vaccine trial enabled us to evaluate a novel gating strategy based on surface expression of CD11a and CD49d as a means of detecting antigen-specific, cytokine producing CD4 and CD8 T cells induced after vaccination of naïve individuals against leishmaniasis...
July 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652982/reactivity-of-commercially-available-monoclonal-antibodies-to-human-cd-antigens-with-peripheral-blood-leucocytes-of-dromedary-camels-camelus-dromedarius
#15
Jamal Hussen, Turke Shawaf, Abdulkareem Imran Al-Herz, Hussain R Alturaifi, Ahmed M Alluwaimi
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to cell surface molecules have been proven as a key tool for phenotypic and functional characterization of the cellular immune response. One of the major difficulties in studying camel cellular immunity consists in the lack of mAbs that dtect their leukocyte differentiation antigens. In the present study two-parameter flow cytometry was used to screen existing commercially available mAbs to human leukocyte antigens and major histocompatibility molecules (MHC) for their reactivity with camel leukocytes...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615221/coronin-1a-a-novel-player-in-integrin-biology-controls-neutrophil-trafficking-in-innate-immunity
#16
Robert Pick, Daniela Begandt, Thomas J Stocker, Melanie Salvermoser, Sarah Thome, Ralph T Böttcher, Eloi Montanez, Ute Harrison, Ignasi Forné, Alexander G Khandoga, Raffaele Coletti, Ludwig T Weckbach, Doris Brechtefeld, Rainer Haas, Axel Imhof, Steffen Massberg, Markus Sperandio, Barbara Walzog
Trafficking of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) during inflammation critically depends on the β2 integrins lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) (CD11a/CD18) and macrophage-1 antigen (CD11b/CD18). Here, we identify coronin 1A (Coro1A) as a novel regulator of β2 integrins that interacts with the cytoplasmic tail of CD18 and is crucial for induction of PMN adhesion and postadhesion events, including adhesion strengthening, spreading, and migration under flow conditions. Transition of PMN rolling to firm adhesion critically depends on Coro1A by regulating the accumulation of high-affinity LFA-1 in focal zones of adherent cells...
August 17, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611472/cd11a-icam-1-blockade-combined-with-il-2-targeting-therapy-causes-a-paradoxical-acceleration-of-type-1-diabetes
#17
Ekua W Brenu, Timothy J Bartley, Casey M Wright, Emma E Hamilton-Williams
Enhancement of regulatory T-cell (Treg) function is the goal of many immunotherapies aimed at treating type 1 diabetes (T1D). The use of interleukin (IL)-2 is hindered by its effects on other populations such as effector T cells and NK cells. Combination therapies aimed at suppressing effector T cells while using IL-2 to expand Tregs could be beneficial and have been trialed in T1D patients. We have investigated a combination therapy using IL-2 and αCD11a blocking antibody to simultaneously expand Tregs and suppress the activation and migration of autoreactive T cells...
October 2017: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490464/perioperative-cox-2-and-%C3%AE-adrenergic-blockade-improves-metastatic-biomarkers-in-breast-cancer-patients-in-a-phase-ii-randomized-trial
#18
Lee Shaashua, Maytal Shabat-Simon, Rita Haldar, Pini Matzner, Oded Zmora, Moshe Shabtai, Eran Sharon, Tanir Allweis, Iris Barshack, Lucile Hayman, Jesusa Arevalo, Jeffrey Ma, Maya Horowitz, Steven Cole, Shamgar Ben-Eliyahu
Purpose: Translational studies suggest that excess perioperative release of catecholamines and prostaglandins may facilitate metastasis and reduce disease-free survival. This trial tested the combined perioperative blockade of these pathways in breast cancer patients.Experimental Design: In a randomized placebo-controlled biomarker trial, 38 early-stage breast cancer patients received 11 days of perioperative treatment with a β-adrenergic antagonist (propranolol) and a COX-2 inhibitor (etodolac), beginning 5 days before surgery...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445705/mutation-characterization-and-heterodimer-analysis-of-patients-with-leukocyte-adhesion-deficiency-including-one-novel-mutation
#19
Shahram Teimourian, Martin De Boer, Dirk Roos, Anna Isaian, Ehsan Moghanloo, Sharhzad Lashkary, Bita Hassani, Hasan Mollanoori, Vahid Babaei, Asaad Azarnezhad
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1 (LAD-I) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder of neutrophil migration, characterized by severe, recurrent bacterial infections, inadequate pus formation and impaired wound healing. The ITGB2 gene encodes the β2 integrin subunit (CD18) of the leukocyte adhesion cell molecules, and mutations in this gene cause LAD-I. The aim of the current study was to investigate the mutations in patients diagnosed with LAD-I and functional studies of the impact of two previously reported and a novel mutation on the expression of the CD18/CD11a heterodimer...
April 23, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430662/histone-demethylase-jmjd3-regulates-cd11a-expression-through-changes-in-histone-h3k27-tri-methylation-levels-in-cd4-t-cells-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Heng Yin, Haijing Wu, Ming Zhao, Qing Zhang, Hai Long, Siqi Fu, Qianjin Lu
Aberrant CD11a overexpression in CD4+ T cells induces T cell auto-reactivity, which is an important factor for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pathogenesis. Although many studies have focused on CD11a epigenetic regulation, little is known about histone methylation. JMJD3, as a histone demethylase, is capable of specifically removing the trimethyl group from the H3K27 lysine residue, triggering target gene activation. Here, we examined the expression and function of JMJD3 in CD4+ T cells from SLE patients...
July 25, 2017: Oncotarget
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