keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

SH-SY5Y cells

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352484/melatonin-ameliorates-a%C3%AE-42-induced-alteration-of-%C3%AE-app-processing-secretases-via-the-melatonin-receptor-through-the-pin1-gsk3%C3%AE-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-sh-sy5y-cells
#1
Vorapin Chinchalongporn, Mayuri Shukla, Piyarat Govitrapong
Melatonin is involved in the physiological regulation of the β- amyloid precursor protein (βAPP) cleaving secretases which are responsible for generation of the neurotoxic amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide, one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. In this study, we aimed to determine the underlying mechanisms of this regulation under pathological conditions. We establish that melatonin prevents Aβ42 -induced down-regulation of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain-containing protein 10 (ADAM10) as well as up-regulation of β-site APP-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) and presenilin 1 (PS1) in SH-SY5Y cell cultures...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345335/heat-shock-protein-70-modulates-neural-progenitor-cells-dynamics-in-human-neuroblastoma-sh-sy5y-cells-exposed-to-high-glucose-content
#2
Leila Salimi, Reza Rahbarghazi, Vahab Jafarian, Çıgır Biray Avci, Bakiye Goker Bagca, Neslihan Pinar Ozates, Majid Khaksar, Alireza Nourazarian
BACKGROUND: In the current experiment, detrimental effects of high glucose condition were investigated on human neuroblastoma cells. METHODS: Human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y were exposed to 5, 40 and 70 mM glucose over a period of 72 h. Survival rate and the proliferation of cells were analyzed by MTT and BrdU incorporation assays. Apoptosis was studied by the assays of flow cytometry and PCR array. In order to investigate the trans-differentiation capacity of the cell into mature neurons, we used immunofluorescence imaging to follow NeuN protein level...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345269/tributyltin-induces-epigenetic-changes-and-decreases-the-expression-of-nuclear-respiratory-factor-1
#3
Saki Hanaoka, Keishi Ishida, Saki Tanaka, Shuichiro Sakamoto, Katsuhiro Okuda, Seigo Sanoh, Shigeru Ohta, Yaichiro Kotake
Tributyltin (TBT), a common organotin environmental pollutant, has been widely used as a component of marine antifouling paints. We previously reported that exposure to TBT inhibits the expression and DNA binding of nuclear respiratory factor-1 (NRF-1) and causes neurotoxicity. In the present study, we focused on the epigenetic effects of TBT and investigated whether TBT decreases NRF-1 expression via epigenetic modifications in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells. First, we found that exposure to 300 nM TBT decreases NRF-1 expression...
January 18, 2018: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341901/a-small-peptide-derived-from-bmp-9-can-increase-the-effect-of-bfgf-and-ngf-on-sh-sy5y-cells-differentiation
#4
Marc-Antoine Lauzon, Nathalie Faucheux
The current aging of the world population will increase the number of people suffering from brain degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). There are evidence showing that the use of growth factors such as BMP-9 could restored cognitive function as it acts on many AD hallmarks at the same time. However, BMP-9 is a big protein expensive to produce that can hardly access the central nervous system. We have therefore developed a small peptide, SpBMP-9, derived from the knuckle epitope of BMP-9 and showed its therapeutic potential in a previous study...
January 13, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341888/protection-against-the-neurotoxic-effects-of-%C3%AE-amyloid-peptide-on-cultured-neuronal-cells-by-lovastatin-involves-elevated-expression-of-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-and-activating-phosphorylation-of-protein-kinases
#5
Liang Zhao, Yan Xiao, Jin Xiu, Long-Chun Tan, Zhi-Zhong Guan
The treatment of neurodegenerative diseases with statins has drawn increasing attention, but the related molecular mechanisms remain elusive. To examine the pleiotropic cholesterol-independent effects of statins in connection with the treatment of Alzheimer disease, we probed the influence of lovastatin on the metabolism of amyloid precursor protein (APP) , expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), and activity of mitogen-activated protein kinase in primary cultured neurons and SH-SY5Y cells over-expressing human APP670/671...
January 13, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341475/microrna-664a-5p-promotes-neuronal-differentiation-of-sh-sy5y-cells
#6
Kazunori Watanabe, Ryuhei Yamaji, Takashi Ohtsuki
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) belong to a class of small noncoding RNAs that play important roles in the translational regulation of gene expression. A number of miRNAs are known to act as key regulators of diverse processes such as neuronal differentiation. In this study, we have attempted to identify novel miRNAs related to neuronal differentiation via microarray analysis in the human neuronal differentiation model neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. We identified 15 up-regulated and eight down-regulated miRNAs in SH-SY5Y cells treated with all-trans retinoic acid to induce differentiation...
January 17, 2018: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337348/expression-of-the-purine-biosynthetic-enzyme-phosphoribosyl-formylglycinamidine-synthase-fgams-in-neurons
#7
Colleen A Mangold, Pamela J Yao, Mei Du, Willard M Freeman, Stephen J Benkovic, Moriah L Szpara
Purines are metabolic building blocks essential for all living organisms on earth. De novo purine biosynthesis occurs in the brain and appears to play important roles in neural development. Phosphoribosyl formylglycinamidine synthase (FGAMS, also known as PFAS or FGARAT), a core enzyme involved in the de novo synthesis of purines, may play alternative roles in viral pathogenesis. To date, no thorough investigation of the endogenous expression and localization of de novo purine biosynthetic enzymes has been conducted in human neurons or in virally infected cells...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336357/distinctive-roles-of-rac1-and-rab29-in-lrrk2-mediatedmembrane-trafficking-and-neurite-outgrowth
#8
Min Feng, Xin Hu, Na Li, Fan Hu, Fei Chang, Hong-Fei Xu, Yong-Jian Liu
Parkinson's disease (PD) associated leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) mutants have shown pathogenic effects on variety of subcellular processes.Two small GTPases Rac1 and Rab29 have been indicated as possible downstream effectors participating in LRRK2 signaling but their detail mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we have used biochemical and cell biology approaches to address whether two GTPases interact with LRRK2 and hence function differently in LRRK2 mediated pathogenesis.Here we show thatRac1 and Rab29 specifically interact with LRRK2with higher affinity for Rab29and with different preference in functional domain binding...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332578/amyloid-%C3%AE-inhibits-pdgf%C3%AE-receptor-activation-and-prevents-pdgf-bb-induced-neuroprotection
#9
Hui Liu, Golam T Saffi, Maryam S Vasefi, Youngjik Choi, Jeff S Kruk, Nawaz Ahmed, Nyasha Gondora, John Mielke, Zoya Leonenko, Michael A Beazely
PDGFβ receptors and their ligand, PDGF-BB, are upregulated in vivo after neuronal insults such as ischemia. When applied exogenously, PDGF-BB is neuroprotective against excitotoxicity and HIV proteins. METHODS: Given this growth factor's neuroprotective ability, we sought to determine if PDGF-BB would be neuroprotective against amyloid-β (1-42), one of the pathological agents associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In both primary hippocampal neurons and the human-derived neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y, amyloid- treatment for 24 h decreased surviving cell number in a concentration-dependent manner...
January 9, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330687/evaluation-of-the-mitochondria-related-redox-and-bioenergetics-effects-of-gastrodin-in-sh-sy5y-cells-exposed-to-hydrogen-peroxide
#10
Marcos Roberto de Oliveira, Flávia Bittencourt Brasil, Cristina Ribas Fürstenau
Mitochondrion is the main site of ATP production in animal cells and also orchestrates signaling pathways associated with cell survival and death. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been linked to bioenergetics and redox impairment in human diseases, such as neurodegeneration and cardiovascular disease. Protective agents able to attenuate mitochondrial impairment are of pharmacological interest. Gastrodin (GAS; 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol 4-O-beta-D-glucoside) is a phenolic glucoside obtained from the Chinese herbal medicine Gastrodia elata Blume and exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effects in several cell types...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330470/%C3%AE-ecdysterone-protects-sh-sy5y-cells-against-%C3%AE-amyloid-induced-apoptosis-via-c-jun-n-terminal-kinase-and-akt-associated-complementary-pathways
#11
Tianjiao Xu, Chengu Niu, Xiaojie Zhang, Miaoxian Dong
Recently, the significantly higher incidence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in women than in men has been attributed to the loss of neuroprotective estrogen after menopause. Does phytoestrogen have the ability to protect against amyloid-β (Aβ) toxicity? The aim of this study was to evaluate hypothesis that β-ecdysterone (β-Ecd) protects SH-SY5Y cells from Aβ-induced apoptosis by separate signaling pathways involving protein kinase B (Akt) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). Here, we demonstrate that phytoestrogen β-Ecd inhibits Aβ-triggered mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, as indicated by Bcl-2/Bax ratio elevation, cytochrome c (cyt c) release reduction, and caspase-9 inactivation...
January 12, 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329581/microrna-124-regulates-the-expression-of-mekk3-in-the-inflammatory-pathogenesis-of-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Longping Yao, Yongyi Ye, Hengxu Mao, Fengfei Lu, Xiaozheng He, Guohui Lu, Shizhong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder that is characterised by selective loss of midbrain dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Chronic inflammation of the central nervous system is mediated by microglial cells and plays a critical role in the pathological progression of PD. Brain-specific microRNA-124 (miR-124) expression is significantly downregulated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated BV2 cells and in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) model of PD...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327607/up-regulation-of-cav3-1-expression-in-sh-sy5y-cells-induced-by-lidocaine-hydrochloride
#13
Qin Gong, Xianjie Wen, Heng Li, Jian He, Yunhua Wang, Huiping Wu, Hanbing Wang, Xiaoping Wang
BACKGROUND: Neurotoxicity induced by the local anaesthetics has aroused concern. A previous study has shown that an overload of intracellular calcium was involved in the neurotoxic effect. Cav3.1 is one of the low-voltage-activated (LVA) calcium channels which play a key point to regulate the intracellular calcium ion level. This study aimed to investigate the changes of the Cav3.1 expression in the SH-SY5Y cells treated with lidocaine hydrochloride. METHODS: The SH-SY5Y cells were treated with different concentrations of lidocaine hydrochloride(1 mM, 5 mM and 10 mM, namely L1 group, L5 group and L10 group) and different exposure times (1 h,12 h and 24 h), respectively...
January 12, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324335/efficient-synthesis-and-first-regioselective-c-6-direct-arylation-of%C3%A2-imidazo-2-1-c-1-2-4-triazine-scaffold-and-their-evaluation-in-h2o2-induced-oxidative-stress
#14
Mohammed Loubidi, Jabrane Jouha, Zahira Tber, Mostafa Khouili, Franck Suzenet, Mohamed Akssira, Mümin Alper Erdogan, Fadime Aydın Köse, Taner Dagcı, Güliz Armagan, Luciano Saso, Gérald Guillaumet
Oxidative stress and apoptosis are both associated with various acute and chronic disorders. Thus, the aim of the present study is to synthesize imidazo[2,1-c][1,2,4]triazines derivatives and to evaluate their effects in H2O2-induced oxidative stress in human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y cells). The effects of the compounds on cell viability were measured by MTT assay and the changes in stress and apoptosis-related proteins were investigated by PathScan® Stress and Apoptosis Signaling Antibody Array kit and Western Blot technique...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316911/the-standardized-withania-somnifera-dunal-root-extract-alters-basal-and-morphine-induced-opioid-receptor-gene-expression-changes-in-neuroblastoma-cells
#15
Francesca Felicia Caputi, Elio Acquas, Sanjay Kasture, Stefania Ruiu, Sanzio Candeletti, Patrizia Romualdi
BACKGROUND: Behavioral studies demonstrated that the administration of Withania somnifera Dunal roots extract (WSE), prolongs morphine-elicited analgesia and reduces the development of tolerance to the morphine's analgesic effect; however, little is known about the underpinning molecular mechanism(s). In order to shed light on this issue in the present paper we explored whether WSE promotes alterations of μ (MOP) and nociceptin (NOP) opioid receptors gene expression in neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells...
January 10, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315581/parkinson-disease-related-dj-1-modulates-the-expression-of-uncoupling-protein-4-against-oxidative-stress
#16
Shaoqing Xu, Xiaodong Yang, Yiwei Qian, Qin Xiao
Loss of function mutations of DJ-1 (PARK7) have been linked to the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). Antioxidative stress is one of the multi-protective functions of DJ-1, and oxidation of cysteine 106 (Cys106) has been proposed to regulate the protective activity of DJ-1. Uncoupling protein 4 (UCP4) is located in the inner membrane of mitochondria and functions to protect against oxidative stress. In this study, we used neuronal (SH-SY5Y) cells and DJ-1 knockout (KO) mice to elucidate whether DJ-1 regulated oxidative stress via modulating the expression of UCP4, and the underlying mechanism...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315574/palmitate-induced-c-ebp-homologous-protein-activation-leads-to-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-increase-in-bace1-activity-and-amyloid-beta-genesis
#17
Gurdeep Marwarha, Jared Schommer, Jonah Lund, Trevor Schommer, Othman Ghribi
The etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is egregiously comprehended, but epidemiological studies have posited that diets rich in the saturated fatty acid palmitic acid (palmitate) are a significant risk factor. The production and accumulation of Amyloid-beta peptide (Aβ) is considered the core pathological molecular event in the pathogenesis of AD. The rate limiting step in Aβ genesis from Amyloid-β precursor protein (AβPP) is catalyzed by the enzyme β-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1), the expression and enzymatic activity of which is significantly upregulated in the AD brain...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314450/ellagic-acid-mitigates-arsenic-trioxide-induced-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-cytotoxicity-in-sh-sy5y-cells
#18
Fakiha Firdaus, Mohd Faraz Zafeer, Mohammad Waseem, Ehraz Anis, M Mobarak Hossain, Mohammad Afzal
In the current study, neuroprotective significance of ellagic acid (EA, a polyohenol) was explored by primarily studying its antioxidant and antiapoptotic potential against arsenic trioxide (As2 O3 )-induced toxicity in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell lines. The mitigatory effects of EA with particular reference to cell viability and cytotoxicity, the generation of reactive oxygen species, DNA damage, and mitochondrial dynamics were studied. Pretreatment of SH-SY5Y cells with EA (10 and 20 μM) for 60 min followed by exposure to 2 μM As2 O3 protected the SH-SY5Y cells against the harmful effects of the second...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311760/mir-20a-5p-suppresses-tumor-proliferation-by-targeting-autophagy-related-gene-7-in-neuroblastoma
#19
Yongbo Yu, Jie Zhang, Yaqiong Jin, Yeran Yang, Jin Shi, Feng Chen, Shujing Han, Ping Chu, Jie Lu, Huanmin Wang, Yongli Guo, Xin Ni
Background: Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common malignant tumor originating from the extracranial sympathetic nervous system in children. The molecular mechanisms underlying this disease are complex, and not completely understood. Methods: Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was applied to quantify the expression of miR-20a-5p and its target gene ATG7 in clinical NB tissues. The biological function of miR-20a-5p and ATG7 in SH-SY5Y cells was investigated through in vitro studies (Real-Time cell kinetic analyzer, colony formation assay, caspase-Glo 3/7 assay and western blotting)...
2018: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311330/gba1-deficiency-negatively-affects-physiological-%C3%AE-synuclein-tetramers-and-related-multimers
#20
Sangjune Kim, Seung Pil Yun, Saebom Lee, George Essien Umanah, Veera Venkata Ratnam Bandaru, Xiling Yin, Peter Rhee, Senthilkumar S Karuppagounder, Seung-Hwan Kwon, Hojae Lee, Xiaobo Mao, Donghoon Kim, Akhilesh Pandey, Gabsang Lee, Valina L Dawson, Ted M Dawson, Han Seok Ko
Accumulating evidence suggests that α-synuclein (α-syn) occurs physiologically as a helically folded tetramer that resists aggregation. However, the mechanisms underlying the regulation of formation of α-syn tetramers are still mostly unknown. Cellular membrane lipids are thought to play an important role in the regulation of α-syn tetramer formation. Since glucocerebrosidase 1 (GBA1) deficiency contributes to the aggregation of α-syn and leads to changes in neuronal glycosphingolipids (GSLs) including gangliosides, we hypothesized that GBA1 deficiency may affect the formation of α-syn tetramers...
January 8, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
keyword
keyword
114676
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"