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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656105/mitochondrial-introgression-obscures-phylogenetic-relationships-among-manakins-of-the-genus-lepidothrix-aves-pipridae
#1
Cleyssian Dias, Keila de Araújo Lima, Juliana Araripe, Alexandre Aleixo, Marcelo Vallinoto, Iracilda Sampaio, Horacio Schneider, Péricles Sena do Rêgo
Lepidothrix is the most diverse genus of the family Pipridae, with eight recognized species. Although the genus' monophyly has been supported by both molecular and morphological characters, phylogenetic relationships and species limits within Lepidothrix remain uncertain. In the present study, we combined molecular sequences of mitochondrial (ND2 and COI) and nuclear (MYO, G3PDh and I5BF) markers in a multilocus analysis, to evaluate relationships and inter-specific limits among L. iris, L. nattereri, and L...
April 12, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655952/population-level-incidence-and-outcomes-of-myocardial-infarction-with-non-obstructive-coronary-arteries-minoca-insights-from-the-alberta-contemporary-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-invasive-treatment-strategies-coapt-study
#2
Kevin R Bainey, Robert C Welsh, Wendimagegn Alemayehu, Cynthia M Westerhout, Dean Traboulsi, Todd Anderson, Neil Brass, Paul W Armstrong, Padma Kaul
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) is a known clinical conundrum with limited investigation. Using a large population-based cohort, we examined the incidence, demographic profile, use of evidence-based medicines (EBM) and clinical outcomes of MINOCA patients. METHODS: Patients hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of MI who underwent coronary angiography between 01/04/2002 and 31/03/2014 in Alberta, Canada, were included in the study...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655877/endocrine-and-haemodynamic-changes-in-resistant-hypertension-and-blood-pressure-responses-to-spironolactone-or-amiloride-the-pathway-2-mechanisms-substudies
#3
Bryan Williams, Thomas M MacDonald, Steve V Morant, David J Webb, Peter Sever, Gordon T McInnes, Ian Ford, J Kennedy Cruickshank, Mark J Caulfield, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Isla S Mackenzie, Jackie Salsbury, Morris J Brown
BACKGROUND: In the PATHWAY-2 study of resistant hypertension, spironolactone reduced blood pressure substantially more than conventional antihypertensive drugs. We did three substudies to assess the mechanisms underlying this superiority and the pathogenesis of resistant hypertension. METHODS: PATHWAY-2 was a randomised, double-blind crossover trial done at 14 UK primary and secondary care sites in 314 patients with resistant hypertension. Patients were given 12 weeks of once daily treatment with each of placebo, spironolactone 25-50 mg, bisoprolol 5-10 mg, and doxazosin 4-8 mg and the change in home systolic blood pressure was assessed as the primary outcome...
April 11, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655650/surgical-treatment-of-lisfranc-injury-with-plantar-plate-approach
#4
Deepal Dalal, Christian Curry, Ryan Carter, Colin Zdenek, Nicholas W Todd, Shannon M Rush, Richard Jensen
Midfoot injuries are the second most common athletic foot injury documented in the published data. High-energy Lisfranc dislocations are commonly seen secondary to traumatic etiologies and disrupt the strong midfoot ligaments supporting the arch. These injuries require immediate surgical intervention to prevent serious complications such as compartment syndrome and amputation. The present case series reports a new Lapidus plate system used in 3 patients who underwent arthrodesis procedures for Lisfranc joint dislocation...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655472/considerations-for-treatment-of-large-zoologic-collections-fish
#5
REVIEW
Claire D Erlacher-Reid
Aquatic species live most or all their lives in water; therefore, the health of the environment is intimately connected to their health and medical care. Understanding and maintaining appropriate husbandry and nutrition for the housed aquarium species are essential to sustain health. Most diseases of fish are secondary opportunistic infections; prevention and early diagnosis are recommended. Treatments involve environmental and/or nutritional management first, followed by targeted pharmacologic treatment to control a specific pathogen...
May 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655388/the-prevalence-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-mainland-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Jiancong Wang, Fangfei Liu, Ermira Tartari, Jianan Huang, Stephan Harbarth, Didier Pittet, Walter Zingg
OBJECTIVETo assess the prevalence of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in mainland China.DESIGNSystematic review and meta-analysis.SETTINGAdults and children from secondary and tertiary acute-care hospitals in mainland China.METHODSWe searched PubMed, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wan Fang for multicenter point-prevalence surveys of acute-care hospitals in mainland China from January 2006 to August 2016. All reports related to HAI, using a point-prevalence methodology and published either in English or Chinese were eligible...
April 15, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653308/methodological-evolution-and-frontiers-of-identifying-modeling-and-preventing-secondary-crashes-on-highways
#7
Hong Yang, Zhenyu Wang, Kun Xie, Kaan Ozbay, Marianna Imprialou
Secondary crashes (SCs) or crashes that occur within the boundaries of the impact area of prior, primary crashes are one of the incident types that frequently affect highway traffic operations and safety. Existing studies have made great efforts to explore the underlying mechanisms of SCs and relevant methodologies have been evolving over the last two decades concerning the identification, modeling, and prevention of these crashes. So far there is a lack of a detailed examination on the progress, lessons, and potential opportunities regarding existing achievements in SC-related studies...
April 10, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652793/emerging-trends-in-health-promotion-for-people-with-disabilities
#8
EDITORIAL
Brooks C Wingo, James H Rimmer
The need among people with disabilities to improve their own health and prevent/manage secondary conditions requires a better balance between reactive and anticipatory care.
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652524/smoking-adhd-and-problematic-video-game-use-a-structural-modeling-approach
#9
Hyo Jin Lee, Denise D Tran, Holly E R Morrell
Problematic video game use (PVGU), or addiction-like use of video games, is associated with physical and mental health problems and problems in social and occupational functioning. Possible correlates of PVGU include frequency of play, cigarette smoking, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The aim of the current study was to explore simultaneously the relationships among these variables as well as test whether two separate measures of PVGU measure the same construct, using a structural modeling approach...
April 13, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652246/metformin-in-non-diabetic-hyperglycaemia-the-glint-feasibility-rct
#10
Simon J Griffin, M Angelyn Bethel, Rury R Holman, Kamlesh Khunti, Nicholas Wareham, Gwen Brierley, Melanie Davies, Andrew Dymond, Rose Eichenberger, Philip Evans, Alastair Gray, Colin Greaves, Kyla Harrington, Graham Hitman, Greg Irving, Sarah Lessels, Ann Millward, John R Petrie, Martin Rutter, Mike Sampson, Naveed Sattar, Stephen Sharp
BACKGROUND: The treatment of people with diabetes with metformin can reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) and may reduce the risk of cancer. However, it is unknown whether or not metformin can reduce the risk of these outcomes in people with elevated blood glucose levels below the threshold for diabetes [i.e. non-diabetic hyperglycaemia (NDH)]. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of the Glucose Lowering In Non-diabetic hyperglycaemia Trial (GLINT) and to estimate the key parameters to inform the design of the full trial...
April 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651791/a-discrete-event-simulation-model-to-assess-the-economic-value-of-a-hypothetical-pharmacogenomics-test-for-statin-induced-myopathy-in-patients-initiating-a-statin-in-secondary-cardiovascular-prevention
#11
Dominic Mitchell, Jason R Guertin, Anick Dubois, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Jean-Claude Tardif, Ange Christelle Iliza, Fiorella Fanton-Aita, Alexis Matteau, Jacques LeLorier
BACKGROUND: Statin (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor) therapy is the mainstay dyslipidemia treatment and reduces the risk of a cardiovascular (CV) event (CVE) by up to 35%. However, adherence to statin therapy is poor. One reason patients discontinue statin therapy is musculoskeletal pain and the associated risk of rhabdomyolysis. Research is ongoing to develop a pharmacogenomics (PGx) test for statin-induced myopathy as an alternative to the current diagnosis method, which relies on creatine kinase levels...
April 12, 2018: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651749/medium-chain-triglycerides-supplement-therapy-with-a-low-carbohydrate-formula-can-supply-energy-and-enhance-ammonia-detoxification-in-the-hepatocytes-of-patients-with-adult-onset-type-ii-citrullinemia
#12
Kiyoshi Hayasaka, Chikahiko Numakura, Mitsunori Yamakawa, Tetsuo Mitsui, Hisayoshi Watanabe, Hiroaki Haga, Masahide Yazaki, Hiromasa Ohira, Yasuo Ochiai, Toshiyuki Tahara, Tamio Nakahara, Noriyo Yamashiki, Takahiro Nakayama, Takashi Kon, Hiroshi Mitsubuchi, Hiroshi Yoshida
Citrin, encoded by SLC25A13, constitutes the malate-aspartate shuttle, the main NADH-shuttle in the liver. Citrin deficiency causes neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis (NICCD) and adult-onset type II citrullinemia (CTLN2). Citrin deficiency is predicted to impair hepatic glycolysis and de novo lipogenesis, resulting in hepatic energy deficit. Secondary decrease in hepatic argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS1) expression has been considered a cause of hyperammonemia in CTLN2. We previously reported that medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) supplement therapy with a low-carbohydrate formula was effective in CTLN2 to prevent a relapse of hyperammonemic encephalopathy...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651677/-antifreeze-poisoning-the-case-of-a-patient-with-repeated-ethylene-glycol-poisoning
#13
J Prinz, B Böll, M von Bergwelt, V Burst, J U Becker, D Carvalho-Fiel, A Shimabukuro-Vornhagen, M Kochanek
Ethylene glycol poisoning of incidental or suicidal intention can cause life-threatening metabolic acidosis, diverse secondary damage, and even lead to death. Beside hemodialysis effective therapy consists of the administration of fomepizole and ethanol. We describe a patient after repeated ethylene glycol poisoning with high anion gap metabolic acidosis and acute renal failure. Using hemodialysis, with dialysate containing a specific amount of ethanol, and intravenous ethanol administration we were able to prevent severe secondary organ damage...
April 12, 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651594/prospective-study-of-shoulder-strength-shoulder-range-of-motion-and-lymphedema-in-breast-cancer-patients-from-pre-surgery-to-5-years-after-alnd-or-slnb
#14
Roser Belmonte, Monique Messaggi-Sartor, Montse Ferrer, Angels Pont, Ferran Escalada
OBJECTIVE: Determine the changes in shoulder strength, shoulder range of motion, and arm volume in breast cancer patients treated with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) or axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) METHOD: Sixty-eight SLNB and 44 ALND patients were followed up from pre-surgery to 5 years after surgery. Primary outcomes were the differences between affected and non-affected sides for the following: shoulder strength measured by dynamometry, shoulder range of motion measured by goniometry, and lymphedema measured by volume...
April 12, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651268/sociocultural-appearance-standards-and-risk-factors-for-eating-disorders-in-adolescents-and-women-of-various-ages
#15
Bernadetta Izydorczyk, Katarzyna Sitnik-Warchulska
The main aim of the present study was to verify the level of impact of sociocultural appearance standards (passive awareness and active internalization) have on body dissatisfaction, the desire to engage in a relentless pursuit of thinness, the adoption of a perfectionistic attitude toward the body, and the development of a tendency to engage in bulimic eating behavior, which can develop in adolescent girls and women of varying ages. The study group comprised 234 individuals: 95 secondary school girls, 33 high school girls, 56 female students, and 50 employed women, all of whom were living in southern Poland...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650461/towards-designing-a-synthetic-antituberculosis-vaccine-the-rv3587c-peptide-inhibits-mycobacterial-entry-to-host-cells
#16
Mary Lilian Carabali-Isajar, Marisol Ocampo, Deisy Carolina Rodriguez, Magnolia Vanegas, Hernando Curtidor, Manuel Alfonso Patarroyo, Manuel Elkin Patarroyo
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is considered one of the most successful pathogens in the history of mankind, having caused 1.7 million deaths in 2016. The amount of resistant and extensively resistant strains has increased; BCG has been the only vaccine to be produced in more than 100 years though it is still unable to prevent the disease's most disseminated form in adults; pulmonary tuberculosis. The search is thus still on-going for candidate antigens for an antituberculosis vaccine. This paper reports the use of a logical and rational methodology for finding such antigens, this time as peptides derived from the Rv3587c membrane protein...
April 4, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650169/the-need-for-first-aid-education-for-adolescents
#17
Nur Amirah Mohd Sharif, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan, Farrah Ilyani Che Jamaludin, Mohd Khairul Zul Hasymi Firdaus
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify the need for basic first aid knowledge and skills among adolescents. METHOD: A cross-sectional study using multistage sampling was conducted among 375 secondary school students in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. The survey was adapted from a Hong Kong Red Cross survey. A back to back translation of this instrument was carried out by two bilingual medical experts with Cronbach's alpha 0.8. The data were analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) in terms of descriptive analysis, and an independent t-test and chi-square test were carried out...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650056/pancreatoduodenectomy-with-or-without-prophylactic-falciform-ligament-wrap-around-the-gastroduodenal-artery-stump-for-prevention-of-pancreatectomy-hemorrhage
#18
Benjamin Müssle, Leonie Zühlke, Ann Wierick, Dorothée Sturm, Xina Grählert, Marius Distler, Nuh N Rahbari, Jürgen Weitz, Thilo Welsch
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether wrapping of the pedicled falciform ligamentum flap around the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) stump/hepatic artery can significantly decrease the incidence of erosion hemorrhage after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS/DESIGN: This is a randomized controlled multicenter trial involving 400 patients undergoing PD. Patients will be randomized into two groups. The intervention group consists of 200 patients with a prophylactic wrapping of the GDA stump using the pedicled falciform ligament...
April 12, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650049/variation-in-general-supportive-and-preventive-intensive-care-management-of-traumatic-brain-injury-a-survey-in-66-neurotrauma-centers-participating-in-the-collaborative-european-neurotrauma-effectiveness-research-in-traumatic-brain-injury-center-tbi-study
#19
Jilske A Huijben, Victor Volovici, Maryse C Cnossen, Iain K Haitsma, Nino Stocchetti, Andrew I R Maas, David K Menon, Ari Ercole, Giuseppe Citerio, David Nelson, Suzanne Polinder, Ewout W Steyerberg, Hester F Lingsma, Mathieu van der Jagt
BACKGROUND: General supportive and preventive measures in the intensive care management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) aim to prevent or limit secondary brain injury and optimize recovery. The aim of this survey was to assess and quantify variation in perceptions on intensive care unit (ICU) management of patients with TBI in European neurotrauma centers. METHODS: We performed a survey as part of the Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) study...
April 13, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649992/protocol-for-promoting-recovery-optimization-of-walking-activity-in-stroke-prowalks-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Henry Wright, Tamara Wright, Ryan T Pohlig, Scott E Kasner, Jonathan Raser-Schramm, Darcy Reisman
BACKGROUND: Stroke survivors are more physically inactive than even the most sedentary older adults, and low activity is associated with increased risk of recurrent stroke, medical complications, and mortality. We hypothesize that the combination of a fast walking intervention that improves walking capacity, with a step activity monitoring program that facilitates translation of gains from the clinic to the "real-world", would generate greater improvements in real world walking activity than with either intervention alone...
April 12, 2018: BMC Neurology
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