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Orbital floor

Muhammad Sohail Umerani, Hira Burhan, Salman Sharif, Tauqir Ul Islam, Mehak Hafiz Ghaziani
Orbital roof defects are rare congenital osseous abnormalities that cause protrusion of intracranial contents into the orbit, resulting in a condition known as the orbital meningoencephalocele, a rare cause of pulsatile proptosis. We present a case of a 25-year-old lady, presented to us with complaints of left frontal headache, left eye protrusion and double vision from the left eye for the past three months. Her higher mental functions were intact. Local examination revealed non-axial pulsatile proptosis and an outward depression of the left eyeball along with diplopia...
January 15, 2018: Curēus
Sarah M Jacobs, Colin P McInnis, Matthew Kapeles, Shu-Hong Chang
PURPOSE: Severe vision loss is a risk of orbital surgery which physicians should counsel patients about, but the overall risk rate is unknown. This research was conducted to determine the risk of severe vision loss related to orbital surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective review. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who underwent orbital surgery at either of 2 academic medical centers between January 1994 and December 2014. METHODS: A billing database search was conducted to identify all patients who had orbital surgery during the study period, cross-checked against diagnostic codes related to vision loss...
March 15, 2018: Ophthalmology
Agata Joanna Ordon, Marcin Kozakiewicz, Michal Wilczynski, Piotr Loba
INTRODUCTION: Up to 35% of orbital floor fractures extend to the medial wall. This results in restriction of both abduction and adduction, leading to horizontal diplopia. The greater the defect, the more pronounced the enophthalmos. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to determine the influence of concomitant medial wall defects on enophthalmos and diplopia, and the influence of intraoperative revision on the results of surgical reconstruction in patients with orbital floor fracture...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Marina Alexandra Gavin Clavero, María Victoria Simón Sanz, Andrea Mur Til, Úrsula María Jariod Ferrer
PURPOSE: We conducted a review of orbital fractures treated in our hospital over a period of 4 years. We reviewed several complications of such fractures, especially the relationship of postsurgical diplopia with different presurgical variables: age, gender, type of fracture, fracture area, coronal and sagittal diameter of fracture, fractured floor area, time to surgery, presence of muscle herniation, and presence of muscle entrapment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fractures involving the orbital floor remain a controversial issue in terms of surgical treatment and the time from trauma to surgery...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Omri Emodi, Saleh Nseir, Dekel Shilo, Hanna Srouji, Adi Rachmiel
Isolated orbital wall fractures account for 4% to 16% of all facial fractures. Even a modest change in the position of the bony walls can have a significant impact on orbital volume and globe position. Alloplastic materials or autogenous bone grafts such as the antral maxillary wall can be used to reconstruct small- to medium-size orbital fractures. The main advantage of an antral wall graft is the intraoral approach with minimal morbidity. Nine patients underwent repair of orbital floor fractures using the extraoral and the intraoral antral wall approach...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ulrik Nikolaj Ascanius Felding
Isolated fractures of the orbital floor or medial wall are often referred to as blowout fractures (BOFs). Debilitating double vision and aesthetic deformity may affect the patients' quality of life and daily living skills, for instance, working or driving a car. The management of blowout fractures is, however, challenging, since not all fractures demand surgery. Some patients may have symptoms which subside, or may never develop symptoms. Due to a lack of evidence, there are still considerable differences in opinion on the criteria for surgery...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
Asha Karadwal, Shailja Chatterjee
Chondrosarcoma is a rare malignant cartilaginous tumor of the head and neck region. It is a slow-growing tumor and is mostly detected in the anterior maxilla and the base of the skull. We report a case of "Grade II Chondrosarcoma" of the posterior right side of the palate invading maxillary sinus and perforating the floor of the orbit.
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Angelica W DesPain, Jennifer Chapman, Haroon Shaukat
We describe the case of a 6-year-old boy who presented to a tertiary care emergency department after a motor vehicle accident with facial trauma and bradycardia. The patient was found to have an orbital floor fracture and inferior rectus muscle entrapment with resulting bradycardia secondary to the oculocardiac reflex. The oculocardiac reflex is an uncommon cause of bradycardia in the setting of trauma but should be considered because it can necessitate surgical intervention.
February 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Jeffrey Johnson, Ron Karni, Tang Ho
INTRODUCTION: Intraosseous hemangiomas of the midface are rare with few reported cases in the literature. Various reconstructive methods have been previously described, but none using vascularized bone graft secondary to the benign nature of the tumor and often relatively limited defect size. CLINICAL REPORT: The authors present the case of a 47-year-old man with a biopsy proven enlarging right maxillary intraosseous cavernous hemangioma which was resected primarily, resulting in a large defect involving the entire zygomaticomaxillary buttress and a portion of the right orbital floor and malar prominence...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Dan Zhao, Shanwei Tao, Dewei Zhang, Mengyang Qin, Yijun Bao, Anhua Wu
PURPOSE: Traumatic meningoencephalocele primarily occurs as a rare but complex complication of cranial base and orbital roof fractures. Traumatic intraorbital meningoencephalocele, which is rare and easily overlooked, can be life-threatening since cephalomeningitis occurs due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. It is obscure for the operative indications or standard surgical methods of traumatic meningoencephaloceles since the combined intricate craniofacial and basal fractures, brain injury, and CSF leak may exist...
February 27, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Georgi Tchernev, Torello Lotti, Ilia Lozev, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Uwe Wollina
Periocular malignancies represent between 5% and 10% of all types of skin cancers. The incidence of eyelid (but also the periocular located) malignancies seems to differ in distribution across the continents. The incidence of eyelid tumours (but also the periocular located tumours) in a predominantly white population determined that BCC is the most common malignant periocular eyelid tumour in whites. This finding has been replicated consistently throughout the literature, with BCC representing 85-95% of all eyelid malignancies, SCC representing 3...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Todd E Thurston, Anee S Jackson, Naiman Nazir, Brian T Andrews, Danielle Crowe
INTRODUCTION: Ideally, all patients with isolated orbit fracture would undergo ophthalmologic evaluation before surgical intervention to rule out concomitant globe injury and possible vision loss. Unfortunately, not all institutions are capable of providing the evaluation before surgery. The authors hypothesize that the anatomic location of a single-wall orbit isolated orbit fracture can help predict the likelihood of ocular injury and thus identify high-risk patients who mandate ophthalmologic evaluation before surgical repair...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Khaled Kashlan, John Craig
BACKGROUND: Addressing anterior maxillary sinus pathology endoscopically that is inaccessible with an endoscopic modified medial maxillectomy requires either a prelacrimal approach (PLA) or an endoscopic Denker's approach (EDA). The PLA involves removing the medial wall of the prelacrimal recess (PLR), which is the bone between the pyriform aperture (PA) and nasolacrimal duct (NLD), from nasal floor to orbital floor. The PLA preserves the inferior turbinate and NLD, whereas both are sacrificed during an EDA...
February 15, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Sophia Seen, Stephanie Ming Young, Shao Jin Teo, Stephanie S Lang, Shantha Amrith, Thiam-Chye Lim, Gangadhara Sundar
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of bioresorbable and permanent implants in the reconstruction of isolated orbital floor blowout fractures. METHODS: Retrospective series of all patients who had orbital floor fracture repair in a single tertiary trauma center from January 2005 to December 2014. The authors reviewed the case notes and CT scans of patients with orbital floor fracture repair with either bioresorbable or permanent implants. Main outcome measures were enophthalmos, diplopia, and ocular motility restriction 1...
February 6, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Sorin Aldea, Stéphan Gaillard
Unilateral suprasellar meningiomas have distinct features compared to other midline tumors, as they may produce severe visual symptoms even if small due to an early involvement of the optic canal. Surgical treatment of these tumors from an ipsilateral approach is challenging, as the tumor is covered by the optic nerve that needs to be mobilized to access the optic canal extension. A contralateral approach allows a direct line of sight to the tumor despite a longer working distance. We report the case of a 49-year-old patient presenting with unilateral visual loss related to a left suprasellar meningioma extending to the left optic canal and displacing the optic nerve laterally...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Salem Barcic, Michael Blumer, Harald Essig, Paul Schumann, Daniel B Wiedemeier, Martin Rücker, Thomas Gander
Transconjunctival approach has become a standard procedure to access fractures of orbit and the infraorbital rim. The transconjunctival incision can be performed pre- or retroseptally. Both approaches have been described combined with modifications such as transcaruncular or detachment of the lateral canthus for wider exposure of the orbital walls and rim. Particularly concerning aesthetics, the transconjunctival approach shows advantages compared to the transcutaneous incisions, such as the transciliary and infraorbital access...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Panxi Yu, Zhen Zhai, Xiaolei Jin, Xiaonan Yang, Zuoliang Qi
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) has been applied in the clinical field for more than a decade, but largely in oral surgery and implant dentistry. Its utilization in plastic and reconstructive surgery is limited and lacking a comprehensive review. Hence, this article focuses on the various clinical applications of PRF pertaining to the plastic and reconstructive field through a systematic review. METHODS: In this review, articles describing the clinical application of PRF in plastic and reconstructive surgery were screened using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 2, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Masaaki Karino, Takahiro Kanno, Ichiro Kaneko, Taichi Ide, Aya Yoshino, Joji Sekine
We usually perform surgery for resectable oral and maxillofacial carcinomas. Following complete cancer resection, reconstruction of soft and hard tissues using various types of local flaps and/or vascularized free flaps is usually performed. The maxilla is composed of various anatomical structures. In particular, reconstruction of the orbit is one of the most important and challenging procedures for prevention of functional and esthetic complications. Here we report 2 cases of orbital floor defect reconstruction following advanced maxillary cancer resection using a pedicled coronoid process and temporal muscle (fascial)combined(PCPTM)flap...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Stephanie M Young, Yan Tong Koh, Errol W Chan, Shantha Amrith
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, clinical features, and risk factors of sustaining inferior rectus (IR) palsy in a group of pediatric patients with orbital floor blowout fractures. We performed a retrospective case review of sequential cases of pediatric orbital floor blowout fractures (<18 years old) from 2000 to 2013 in a tertiary ophthalmic center in Singapore. A total of 48 patients were included in our study, of whom 5 had IR palsy (10.4%). Patients with IR palsy had a higher mean age (16...
March 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Jinfeng Liu, Jinsheng Dai, Xiaohui Wen, Yanjun Wang, Yi Zhang, Ningyu Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the imaging anatomical characteristics and clinical significance of the ethmomaxillary sinus (EMS). METHODS: The study included a total of 280 ENT Outpatient Department patients with nasal symptoms whose paranasal sinus CT scans were analyzed from January 2012 to December 2016. The anatomical imaging characteristics of EMS were observed. RESULTS: EMS was observed in 23 of 280 patients, with an incidence of 8...
January 24, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
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