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Lina Y El-Sharkawy, Rowaida A El-Sakhawy, Mohammad Abdel-Halim, Kevin Lee, Gary A Piazza, Christian Ducho, Rolf W Hartmann, Ashraf H Abadi
Novel cycloalkene-fused thienopyrimidine analogues with enhanced phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitory properties are presented. The structure of the reported scaffold was modulated through variation of the terminal cycloalkene ring size, as well as by varying the substituents at position 4 through the attachment of different groups including aniline, benzylamine, cyclohexylethylamine, methyl/acetyl/aryl piperazines, and aryl hydrazones. Compound 15Y with a benzylamine substituent and cycloheptene as terminal ring showed the highest PDE5 inhibitory activity with an IC50 value as low as 190 nM and with good selectivity versus PDE7 and PDE9...
May 2018: Archiv der Pharmazie
Giulia Vigone, Leia C Shuhaibar, Jeremy R Egbert, Tracy F Uliasz, Matthew A Movsesian, Laurinda A Jaffe
Luteinizing hormone (LH) acts on the granulosa cells that surround the oocyte in mammalian preovulatory follicles to cause meiotic resumption and ovulation. Both of these responses are mediated primarily by an increase in cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in the granulosa cells, and the activity of cAMP phosphodiesterases (PDEs), including PDE4, contributes to preventing premature responses. However, two other cAMP-specific PDEs, PDE7 and PDE8, are also expressed at high levels in the granulosa cells, raising the question of whether these PDEs also contribute to preventing uncontrolled activation of meiotic resumption and ovulation...
May 1, 2018: Endocrinology
Fernando Bartolome, Macarena de la Cueva, Consuelo Pascual, Desiree Antequera, Tamara Fernandez, Carmen Gil, Ana Martinez, Eva Carro
BACKGROUND: The phosphodiesterase (PDE) 7 inhibitor S14 is a cell-permeable small heterocyclic molecule that is able to cross the blood-brain barrier. We previously found that intraperitoneal treatment with S14 exerted neuroprotection in an Alzheimer's disease (AD) model (in APP/PS1 mice). The objective of this study was to investigate the neurogenic and cellular effects of oral administration of S14 on amyloid β (Aβ) overload. METHODS: We orally administered the PDE7 inhibitor S14 (15 mg/kg/day) or vehicle in 6-month-old APP/PS1 mice...
February 20, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
Juraj Mokry, Anna Urbanova, Martin Kertys, Daniela Mokra
A group of 11 enzyme families of metalophosphohydrolases called phosphodiesterases (PDEs) is responsible for a hydrolysis of intracellular cAMP and cGMP. Xanthine derivatives (methylxanthines) inhibit PDEs without selective action on their single isoforms and lead to many pharmacological effects, e.g. bronchodilation, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating effects, and thus they can modulate the cough reflex. Contrary, selective PDE inhibitors have been developed to inhibit PDE isoforms with different pharmacological effects based on their tissue expression...
January 11, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Ana Santos de Medeiros, Arlene R Wyman, Manal A Alaamery, Christina Allain, F Douglas Ivey, Lili Wang, Hai Le, James P Morken, Alawi Habara, Cuong Le, Shuaiying Cui, Adam Lerner, Charles S Hoffman
We previously constructed a collection of fission yeast strains that express various mammalian cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) and developed a cell-based high throughput screen (HTS) for small molecule PDE inhibitors. Here we describe a compound, BC54, that is a selective inhibitor of enzymes from the cAMP-specific PDE4 and PDE7 families. Consistent with the biological effect of other PDE4 and PDE7 inhibitors, BC54 displays potent anti-inflammatory properties and is superior to a combination of rolipram (a PDE4 inhibitor) and BRL50481 (a PDE7A inhibitor) for inducing apoptosis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells...
December 2017: Cellular Signalling
Yung-Fong Tsai, Tzu-Chi Chu, Wen-Yi Chang, Yang-Chang Wu, Fang-Rong Chang, Shun-Chin Yang, Tung-Ying Wu, Yu-Ming Hsu, Chun-Yu Chen, Shih-Hsin Chang, Tsong-Long Hwang
Over-activated neutrophils produce enormous oxidative stress and play a key role in the development of acute and chronic inflammatory diseases. 6-Hydroxy-5,7-dimethoxy-flavone (UFM24), a flavone isolated from the Annonaceae Uvaria flexuosa, showed inhibitory effects on human neutrophil activation and salutary effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice. UFM24 potently inhibited superoxide anion (O2 •- ) generation, reactive oxidants, and CD11b expression, but not elastase release, in N-formyl-l-methionyl-l-leucyl-l-phenylalanine (fMLF)-activated human neutrophils...
May 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Eva María Medina-Rodríguez, Ana Bribián, Amanda Boyd, Valle Palomo, Jesús Pastor, Alfonso Lagares, Carmen Gil, Ana Martínez, Anna Williams, Fernando de Castro
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative disease where immune-driven demyelination occurs with inefficient remyelination, but therapies are limited, especially those to enhance repair. Here, we show that the dual phosphodiesterase (PDE)7- glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)3 inhibitor, VP3.15, a heterocyclic small molecule with good pharmacokinetic properties and safety profile, improves in vivo remyelination in mouse and increases both adult mouse and adult human oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (OPC) differentiation, in addition to its immune regulatory action...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
Agnieszka Jankowska, Artur Swierczek, Grazyna Chlon-Rzepa, Maciej Pawlowski, Elzbieta Wyska
Phosphodiesterase 7 (PDE7) is an intracellular enzyme that specifically hydrolyzes the second messenger, cyclic-3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), into inactive noncyclic nucleotide, 5'-AMP. To date, many structurally diverse compounds with PDE7 inhibitory properties have been described, including selective PDE7 inhibitors, dual PDE4/PDE7, PDE7/PDE8, and PDE7/GSK-3 inhibitors, and non-selective PDE inhibitors with high affinity for PDE7. Inhibitors of PDE7 have provided beneficial effects in animal models of inflammatory and neurological disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and many others...
2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Dominic Ngima Nthenge-Ngumbau, Kochupurackal P Mohanakumar
Parkinson's disease (PD) has no known cure; available therapies are only capable of offering temporary, symptomatic relief to the patients. Varied therapeutic strategies that are clinically used for PD are pharmacological therapies including dopamine replacement therapies (with or without adjuvant), postsynaptic dopamine receptor stimulation, dopamine catabolism inhibitors and also anticholinergics. Surgical therapies like deep brain stimulation and ablative surgical techniques are also employed. Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are enzymes that degrade the phosphodiester bond in the second messenger molecules, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)...
January 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
R Martín-Álvarez, N Paúl-Fernández, V Palomo, C Gil, A Martínez, G Mengod
cAMP plays a significant role in signal transduction pathways controlling multiple cellular processes such as inflammation and immune regulation. cAMP levels are regulated by a family of phosphodiesterases (PDEs). We have studied the effects of a novel PDE7 inhibitor (PDE7i) treatment on mice with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) a model of multiple sclerosis (MS) and compared it with another PDE7i. EAE was induced by immunizing C57BL/6J mice with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG35-55 ) peptide...
March 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
M I Valdés-Moreno, V Alcántara-Alonso, E Estrada-Camarena, G Mengod, M I Amaya, G Matamoros-Trejo, P de Gortari
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) has anorexigenic and anxiolytic functions when injected intraventricularly. Nucleus accumbens (NAcc) is a possible brain region involved, since it expresses proTRH. TRH from hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) has a food intake-regulating role. TRHergic pathways of NAcc and PVN are implicated in anxiety and feeding. Both behaviors depend on cAMP and phosphorylated-cAMP response element binding protein (pCREB) intracellular levels. Intracellular levels of cAMP are controlled by the degrading activity of phosphodiesterases (PDEs)...
February 15, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
Jose A Morales-Garcia, Victor Echeverry-Alzate, Sandra Alonso-Gil, Marina Sanz-SanCristobal, Jose A Lopez-Moreno, Carmen Gil, Ana Martinez, Angel Santos, Ana Perez-Castillo
The phosphodiesterase 7 (PDE7) enzyme is one of the enzymes responsible for controlling intracellular levels of cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate in the immune and central nervous system. We have previously shown that inhibitors of this enzyme are potent neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory agents. In addition, we also demonstrated that PDE7 inhibition induces endogenous neuroregenerative processes toward a dopaminergic phenotype. Here, we show that PDE7 inhibition controls stem cell expansion in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus (SGZ) and the subventricular zone (SVZ) in the adult rat brain...
February 2017: Stem Cells
Chenjia Xu, Arlene R Wyman, Manal A Alaamery, Shannon A Argueta, F Douglas Ivey, John A Meyers, Adam Lerner, Tricia H Burdo, Timothy Connolly, Charles S Hoffman, Thomas C Chiles
We have used a high throughput small molecule screen, using a fission yeast-based assay, to identify novel phosphodiesterase 7 (PDE7) inhibitors. One of the most effective hit compounds was BC12, a barbituric acid-based molecule that exhibits unusually potent immunosuppressive and immunomodulatory actions on T lymphocyte function, including inhibition of T cell proliferation and IL-2 cytokine production. BC12 treatment confers a >95% inhibition of IL-2 secretion in phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) plus phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) stimulated Jurkat T cells...
September 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Yung-Fong Tsai, Huang-Ping Yu, Pei-Jen Chung, Yann-Lii Leu, Liang-Mou Kuo, Chun-Yu Chen, Tsong-Long Hwang
Oxidative stress caused by neutrophils is an important pathogenic factor in trauma/hemorrhagic (T/H)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Osthol, a natural coumarin found in traditional medicinal plants, has therapeutic potential in various diseases. However, the pharmacological effects of osthol in human neutrophils and its molecular mechanism of action remain elusive. In this study, our data showed that osthol potently inhibited the production of superoxide anion (O2(•-)) and reactive oxidants derived therefrom as well as expression of CD11b in N-formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (FMLP)-activated human neutrophils...
December 2015: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
David Thomae, Stijn Servaes, Naiara Vazquez, Leonie Wyffels, Stefanie Dedeurwaerdere, Pieter Van der Veken, Jurgen Joossens, Koen Augustyns, Sigrid Stroobants, Steven Staelens
INTRODUCTION: Phosphodiesterase 7 (PDE7) hydrolyzes selectively cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) which is an intracellular second messenger. PDE7 is expressed by 2 genes which are both present in the brain. To date there is no radiotracer for PDE7 imaging described and detection of PDE7 has only been performed by ex vivo techniques. In this report we describe the radiosynthesis of a novel fluorine-18 labeled radiotracer for PDE7 as well as the in vivo evaluation in mice to verify whether it has potential for imaging of PDE7 in the brain...
December 2015: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Hongli Dong, Kevin P Claffey, Stefan Brocke, Paul M Epstein
Almost all deaths from breast cancer arise from metastasis of the transformed cells to other sites in the body. Hence, uncovering a means of inhibiting breast cancer cell migration would provide a significant advance in the treatment of this disease. Stimulation of the cAMP signaling pathway has been shown to inhibit migration and motility of a number of cell types. A very effective way of selectively stimulating cAMP signaling is through inhibition of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs). Therefore, we examined full expression profiles of all known PDE genes at the mRNA and protein levels in four human breast cancer cell lines and eight patients' breast cancer tissues...
July 2015: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
L Mestre, M Redondo, F J Carrillo-Salinas, J A Morales-García, S Alonso-Gil, A Pérez-Castillo, C Gil, A Martínez, C Guaza
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: cAMP plays an important role in the transduction of signalling pathways involved in neuroprotection and immune regulation. Control of the levels of this nucleotide by inhibition of cAMP-specific PDEs such as PDE7 may affect the pathological processes of neuroinflammatory diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS). In the present study, we evaluated the therapeutic potential of the selective PDE7 inhibitor, TC3.6, in a model of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS), a rare and severe variant of MS...
September 2015: British Journal of Pharmacology
Jose A Morales-Garcia, Sandra Alonso-Gil, Carmen Gil, Ana Martinez, Angel Santos, Ana Perez-Castillo
UNLABELLED: Parkinson's disease is characterized by a loss of dopaminergic neurons in a specific brain region, the ventral midbrain. Parkinson's disease is diagnosed when approximately 50% of the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) have degenerated and the others are already affected by the disease. Thus, it is conceivable that all therapeutic strategies, aimed at neuroprotection, start too late. Therefore, an urgent medical need exists to discover new pharmacological targets and novel drugs with disease-modifying properties...
June 2015: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Yusuke Endo, Kentaro Kawai, Takeshi Asano, Seiji Amano, Yoshihito Asanuma, Keisuke Sawada, Yuuta Onodera, Noriko Ueo, Nobuaki Takahashi, Yo Sonoda, Noriyuki Kamei, Tetsumi Irie
A new series of thienopyrimidinones is synthesized and evaluated as selective phosphodiesterase 7 (PDE7) inhibitors for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. The modification of the substituents on thienopyrimidinone revealed that an isopropylamino group at the 2-position was favorable for aqueous solubility. The introduction of 3-pyrrolidines at the 7-position resulted in good solubility, highly potent activity, and good PDE7 selectivity. Among the synthesized compounds, compound 46 exhibited the greatest inhibition of ear edema in a phorbol ester-induced mouse model...
May 1, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
T S Petersen, S G Kristensen, J V Jeppesen, M L Grøndahl, M L Wissing, K T Macklon, C Y Andersen
The concentration of the important second messenger cAMP is regulated by phosphodiesterases (PDEs) and hence an attractive drug target. However, limited human data are available about the PDEs in the ovary. The aim of the present study was to describe and characterise the PDEs in the human ovary. Results were obtained by analysis of mRNA microarray data from follicles and granulosa cells (GCs), combined RT-PCR and enzymatic activity analysis in GCs, immunohistochemical analysis of ovarian sections and by studying the effect of PDE inhibitors on progesterone production from cultured GCs...
March 5, 2015: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
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