Read by QxMD icon Read

Orthopaedic review articles

Andrew R Summers, Travis Philipp, Jacob D Mikula, Kenneth R Gundle
Metastatic bone disease affects approximately 300,000 people in the United States, and the burden is rising. These patients experience significant morbidity and decreased survival. The management of these patients requires coordinated care among a multidisciplinary team of physicians, including orthopaedic surgeons. This article reviews the role of radiation therapy after orthopaedic stabilization of impending or realized pathologic extremity fractures. Orthopaedic surgeons have an opportunity to benefit patients with metastatic bone disease by referring them for consideration of post-operative radiation therapy...
December 14, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
Venkat Boddapati, Ridhi Sachdev, Michael C Fu, Christopher L Camp, Robert G Marx, Joshua S Dines
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic surgeons receive a disproportionately small share of funding from the National Institutes of Health, but they receive the largest amount of funding from industry sources. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between payments from industry partners and research productivity among orthopaedic research authors, as well as to identify predictors of high research productivity. METHODS: United States-based physicians who published an article in 2016 in The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery or The American Journal of Sports Medicine were included in this study...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Nicolas S Piuzzi, Zaamin B Hussain, Jorge Chahla, Mark E Cinque, Gilbert Moatshe, Venkata P Mantripragada, George F Muschler, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Interest in the therapeutic potential of bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) has grown exponentially. However, comparisons among studies and their processing methods are challenging because of inconsistent reporting of protocols, as well as poor characterization of the composition of the initial bone marrow aspirate and of the final products delivered. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the level of reporting related to the protocols used for BMAC preparation and the composition of BMAC utilized in the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases in published clinical studies...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Matthew R Schmitz, Todd J Blumberg, Susan E Nelson, Julieanne P Sees, Wudbhav N Sankar
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), which encompasses a wide spectrum of disease from mild dysplasia to frank dislocation, is one of the most common developmental deformities of the lower extremities and one of the leading causes of future osteoarthritis and hip arthroplasty. Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) results from a vascular insult to the growing femoral epiphysis, which in turn can create permanent morphologic changes to the hip joint. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) occurs when the proximal femoral physis fails allowing the epiphysis to displace in relation to the metaphysis...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Woojin Cho, Alan Varkey Job, Jing Chen, Jung Hwan Baek
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a transformative technology with a potentially wide range of applications in the field of orthopaedic spine surgery. This article aims to review the current applications, limitations, and future developments of 3D printing technology in orthopaedic spine surgery. Current preoperative applications of 3D printing include construction of complex 3D anatomic models for improved visual understanding, preoperative surgical planning, and surgical simulations for resident education...
February 2018: Asian Spine Journal
Alanna O'Brien, Bernice Redley, Beverley Wood, Mari Botti, Anastasia F Hutchinson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to develop and test a clinical tool to guide nurses' assessment of postoperative patients for Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). BACKGROUND: Preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE) in hospitalised patients is an international patient safety priority. Despite high-level evidence for optimal VTE prophylaxis, implementation is inconsistent and the incidence of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) remains high. METHODS: A two stage sequential multi-method design was used...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Helen Y L Chan, Anthony Cheng, Susana Cheung, Wai-Wah Pang, Wai-Yiu Ma, Long-Chau Mok, Wai-Kuen Wong, Diana T F Lee
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the prevalence of dehydration upon hospital admission and its association with postoperative complications in older persons undergoing orthopaedic surgery. BACKGROUND: Ageing-related physiological and pathological changes, as well as suboptimal care quality, can render older persons vulnerable to dehydration. However, few empirical studies have been conducted to examine the association between dehydration and care outcomes in this population...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Chase Bennett, Grace Xiong, Serena Hu, Kirkham Wood, Robin N Kamal
BACKGROUND: Value-based healthcare models rely on quality measures to evaluate the efficacy of healthcare delivery and to identify areas for improvement. Quality measure research in other areas of health care has generally shown that there is a limited number of available quality measures and that those that exist disproportionately focus on processes as opposed to outcomes. The purpose of this study was to assess the current state of quality measures and candidate quality measures in spine surgery...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Benjamin W Hoyt, Gabriel J Pavey, Benjamin K Potter, Jonathan A Forsberg
Heterotopic ossification, the formation of bone in soft tissues, is a common complication of the high-energy extremity trauma sustained in modern armed conflict. In the past 15 years, military treatment facilities and aligned laboratories have been in a unique position to study and treat this process due to the high volume of patients with these injuries secondary to blast trauma. The devastating nature of these wounds has limited traditional therapeutic options, necessitating alternative solutions to prophylaxis and initial treatment producing substantial advances in modeling, prophylaxis, detection, and therapy...
February 17, 2018: Bone
Aaron Nauth, Mark Lee, Michael J Gardner, Mark R Brinker, Stephen J Warner, Paul Tornetta, Philipp Leucht
A substantial proportion of fractures can present with nonunion, and the management of nonunion continues to present a challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. A variety of biological, mechanical, patient, and injury factors can contribute to the occurrence of nonunion, and often the cause of nonunion may be multifactorial. Successful management often requires assessment and treatment of more than one of these factors. This article reviews common factors that may contribute to nonunion including infection, impaired biology, and metabolic disorders...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Eric J Cotter, Charles P Hannon, David Christian, Rachel M Frank, Bernard R Bach
CONTEXT: Shoulder pain and dysfunction are common, with patients presenting complaints to both primary and orthopaedic physicians. History and physical examination remain essential to creating a differential diagnosis, even as noninvasive imaging has improved. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature was obtained through keyword searches based on the pathology in question (eg, rotator cuff) and the keywords physical examination using PubMed from January 1, 1980, through September 20, 2017...
February 1, 2018: Sports Health
Nikita R Bhatt, Rajiv Merchant, Niall F Davis, Michael Leonard, Brendan J O'Daly, Rustom P Manecksha, John F Quinlan
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence of genito-urinary (GU) injuries in pelvic and acetabular (P + A) fractures and to investigate associations between P + A fractures and GU injury patterns. We also prospectively evaluated P + A fracture referrals for adherence to the British Orthopaedic Association Standards for Trauma (BOAST) guidelines over a 12-month period. METHODS: A retrospective review of genitourinary injuries associated with P + A fractures was performed from January 2006 to December 2016 in a national pelvic trauma centre in Ireland...
February 8, 2018: BJU International
Guy Vernon Morris, Jonathan D Stevenson, Scott Evans, Michael C Parry, Lee Jeys
Navigation in surgery has increasingly become more commonplace. The use of this technological advancement has enabled ever more complex and detailed surgery to be performed to the benefit of surgeons and patients alike. This is particularly so when applying the use of navigation within the field of orthopedic oncology. The developments in computer processing power coupled with the improvements in scanning technologies have permitted the incorporation of navigational procedures into day-to-day practice. A comprehensive search of PubMed using the search terms "navigation", "orthopaedic" and "oncology" yielded 97 results...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Hailey Allen, Kirkland W Davis, Kenneth Noonan, Yoshimi Endo, Jie C Nguyen
Fractures are common in children with some requiring surgical reduction and fixation to maintain anatomical alignment. Although various surgical techniques and principles are shared between children and adults, certain unique considerations in children can influence the surgical approach and device selection. In particular, for skeletally immature children, it is of utmost importance to protect certain critical open growth plates because permanent injury can produce severe growth disturbances. The often robust healing response and potential limited patient compliance can also influence the treatment algorithm and decision making...
February 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
William Cody Sessions, Matthew Herring, Walter H Truong
The extensor mechanism of the knee-consisting of the four muscles of the quadriceps, the quadriceps tendon, the patella, and the patellar ligament-is essential for lower extremity function during both standing and ambulation. The presence of articular cartilage and growing physes in the pediatric knee, coupled with the generation of significant tensile force, creates an opportunity for pathology unique to the pediatric population.Tibial tubercle fractures and patella injuries are quite rare, and even pediatric-trained orthopaedic surgeons may not be exposed to these injuries on a regular basis...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Junjun Sun, Yafeng Wang, Zhuang Zhang, Huijuan Cao, Pei Wang, Minyi Zhao, Nijuan Hu, Guiwen Wu, Shangqing Hu, Hongyu Meng, Jiang Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of needling depth on clinical efficacy of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). METHODS: Ten electronic databases, including China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Wanfang Database, MEDLINE, CENTRAL, CINAHL PLUS, AMED, Embase, PsycINFO, and 6 registry platforms of clinical trials were searched. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the effect of needling depth on clinical efficacy of LDH were collected; in addition, the reference lists of the studies included were hand searched...
September 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Jessica Bryant, Paul Yi, Liane Miller, Kacy Peek, Daniel Lee
BACKGROUND: Potential sex bias has been shown in general surgery basic science and translational research, with unequal representation of male and female specimens. Because basic science research forms the foundation for clinical studies on which patient care is based, it is important that this research equally consider both sexes. The purpose of this study was to determine if potential sex bias exists in the basic science and translational orthopaedic literature. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted of all articles published in 2014 in The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, The Bone & Joint Journal, and the Journal of Orthopaedic Research (JOR)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
T M Lovelock, N S Broughton
The number of arthroplasties of the hip and knee is predicted to increase rapidly during the next 20 years. Accompanying this is the dilemma of how to follow-up these patients appropriately. Current guidelines recommend long-term follow-up to identify patients with aseptic loosening, which can occur more than a decade postoperatively. The current guidelines and practices of orthopaedic surgeons vary widely. Existing models take up much clinical time and are expensive. Pilot studies using 'virtual' clinics and advanced-practice physiotherapists have shown promise in decreasing the time and costs for orthopaedic surgeons and patients...
January 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
Qais Naziri, Patrick J Mixa, Daniel P Murray, Preston W Grieco, Emmanuel M Illical, Aditya V Maheshwari, Harpal S Khanuja
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare adult reconstruction abstracts presented at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS) annual meetings. METHODS: A total of 1355 podium and 1731 poster presentations from the adult reconstruction sections of the AAOS and AAHKS meetings from 2011 to 2015 were reviewed for publication in peer-reviewed literature. Authors who were added or removed from the original abstract and the final manuscript were recorded...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Yasuharu Nakashima, Ken Okazak, Koichiet Nakayama, Seiji Okada, Hideki Mizu-uchi
With the increase of elderly population, orthopaedic surgeons need to deal with the diseases related to aging, such as joint disorders and fragility fractures. The number of total joint replacements, for example, is two times more than it was 10 years ago. With these backgrounds, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) has proposed the concept of locomotive syndrome; conditions under which the elderly have been receiving care services due to problems of the locomotive organs. To prevent geriatric or disuse syndrome, JOA is currently providing the care‒prevention programs such as the loco-check and loco-training...
January 2017: Fukuoka Igaku Zasshi, Hukuoka Acta Medica
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"