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Orthopaedic review articles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145334/concurrent-one-stage-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-due-to-sequel-of-juvenile-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-report
#1
Afshin Taheriazam, Amin Saeidinia
RATIONALE: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic connective tissue disease. Total hip and knee arthroplasties are common major orthopaedic procedures worldwide. PATIENT CONCERNS: To date, no studies have presented 1-stage concurrent total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We reported a case which is, to our knowledge, the first description of both THA and TKA in a patient with RA simultaneously...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142654/correlation-between-nasoalveolar-molding-and-surgical-aesthetic-functional-and-socioeconomic-outcomes-following-primary-repair-surgery-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Sophie Maillard, Jean-Marc Retrouvey, Mairaj K Ahmed, Peter J Taub
Objectives: The authors performed a systematic review to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of the nasoalveolar molding appliance on nonsyndromic unilateral clefts of the lip and/or palate prior to primary lip repair. Material and Methods: A literature search was performed using three electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science) and three journals ("Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal", "Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Journal" and "American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedic") from January 1980 to April 2017...
July 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138917/level-of-evidence-and-authorship-trends-of-clinical-studies-in-knee-surgery-sports-traumatology-arthroscopy-1995-2015
#3
Ryan P Judy, Jason J Shin, Christopher McCrum, Olufemi R Ayeni, Kristian Samuelsson, Volker Musahl
PURPOSE: There is increasing emphasis on publication quality and internationalization of author groups in orthopaedic literature. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the type of studies and the level of evidence (LOE) published in knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy (KSSTA) from 1995 to 2015. The secondary aim was to analyze trends in authorship characteristics in KSSTA. METHODS: Two reviewers reviewed the table of contents of KSSTA and identified original papers from 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015...
November 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119297/pyoderma-gangrenosum-after-orthopaedic-or-traumatologic-surgery-a-systematic-revue-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Stephan Ebrad, Mathieu Severyns, Ahmed Benzakour, Benoit Roze, Christian Derancourt, Guillaume-Anthony Odri, Jean-Louis Rouvillain
INTRODUCTION: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a neutrophilic dermatosis characterised by a painful ulceration mimicking infection of the operative site. To this day, there is still no general agreement on the medical and surgical treatment of PG. This systematic review of the literature aims to summarise recent studies about post-operative PG in orthopaedic surgery to improve its medical and surgical management. METHOD: In April 2017, we carried out an exhaustive review of the literature in MEDLINE, PubMed and Cochrane databases...
November 8, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111811/treatment-of-limb-length-discrepancy-following-total-hip-arthroplasty
#5
Babar Kayani, Jurek Pietrzak, Matthew J Donaldson, Sujith Konan, Fares S Haddad
Limb length discrepancy is the leading cause of patient dissatisfaction following total hip arthroplasty and the most common reason for litigation in the field of orthopaedics. This article provides a systematic, stepwise approach for identifying the aetiology of limb length discrepancy following total hip arthroplasty and provides guidance on the treatment of this complication to optimize postoperative clinical and functional outcomes. This review discusses postoperative history taking, clinical examination, radiographic assessment, conservative treatment, and surgical intervention for the management of patients with established limb length discrepancy following total hip arthroplasty...
November 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096979/patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-and-legacy-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-the-field-of-orthopaedics-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Mohsin S Fidai, Bryan M Saltzman, Fabien Meta, Vincent A Lizzio, Jeffrey P Stephens, Kevin J Bozic, Eric C Makhni
PURPOSE: To compare Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) physical function (PF) with legacy patient-reported outcome measures with regard to correlations, ease of use, and quality criteria for orthopaedic conditions. METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed/MEDLINE database was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to identify published articles that referenced the various PROMIS PF measures...
October 30, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043562/a-review-of-the-management-of-tibial-plateau-fractures
#7
REVIEW
J Mthethwa, A Chikate
Tibial plateau fractures form a wide spectrum of injuries presenting varying challenges to the trauma surgeon. The prognosis of this injury spectrum is largely dependent on the management of each particular configuration, and the literature is as a result littered with a number of management strategies with limited consensus. The aim of this review is to provide a concise guide to the trauma surgeon based on newer and classical peer-reviewed publications in international orthopaedic journals. A PubMed search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed publications within the last 10 years and expanded to identify classic papers pertaining to the Schatzker classification...
October 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040132/a-call-for-standardization-in-platelet-rich-plasma-preparation-protocols-and-composition-reporting-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-orthopaedic-literature
#8
REVIEW
Jorge Chahla, Mark E Cinque, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Sandeep Mannava, Andrew G Geeslin, Iain R Murray, Grant J Dornan, George F Muschler, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a blood-derived preparation whose use has grown exponentially in orthopaedic practice. However, there remains an unclear understanding of the biological properties and effects of PRP on musculoskeletal healing. Heterogeneous processing methods, unstandardized nomenclature, and ambiguous classifications make comparison among studies challenging. A comprehensive assessment of orthopaedic clinical PRP trials is key to unraveling the biological complexity of PRP, while improving standardized communication...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969823/editorial-commentary-leveraging-the-literature-what-can-a-half-century-s-worth-of-studies-tell-us-about-recurrent-instability-following-primary-shoulder-dislocation
#9
EDITORIAL
Mark P Cote
A benefit of systematic review (SR) research methods is that well-performed reviews allow authors and readers to identify weaknesses and variability in the orthopaedic literature. An SR on the topic of recurrence rates after conservative treatment of first-time shoulder dislocation provides an excellent example. The example reviews studies covering more than one-half century of time and employing varying methodological designs; the results include estimates of recurrence of shoulder dislocation ranging widely (from 4% to 94...
October 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969580/the-potential-for-synovium-derived-stem-cells-in-cartilage-repair
#10
Eva Johanna Kubosch, Gernot Michael Lang, David Fürst, David Christopher Kubosch, Kaywan Izadpanah, Bernd Rolauffs, Norbert P Südkamp, Hagen Schmal
BACKGROUND: Articular cartilage defects often result in pain, loss of function and finally osteoarthritis. Developing cell-based therapies for cartilage repair is a major goal of orthopaedic research. Autologous chondrocyte implantation is currently the gold standard cell-based surgical procedure for the treatment of large, isolated, full thickness cartilage defects. Several disadvantages such as the need for two surgical procedures or hypertrophic regenerative cartilage, underline the need for alternative cell sources...
October 2, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952378/a-review-of-translational-medicine-the-future-paradigm-how-can-we-connect-the-orthopaedic-dots-better
#11
Mohamed Mediouni, Daniel R Schlatterer, Henning Madry, Magali Cucchiarini, Balwant Rai
INTRODUCTION: patients with complex medical and surgical problems often travel great distances to prestigious university medical centers in search of solutions and in some cases for nothing more than a diagnosis of their condition. Translational Medicine (TM) is an emerging method and process of facilitating medical advances efficiently from the scientist to the clinician. Most established clinicians and those in training know very little about this new discipline. The purpose of this article is to illustrate tm in varied scientific, medical and surgical fields...
September 27, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938384/-iatrogenic-segmental-defect-how-i-debride-high-energy-open-tibial-fractures
#12
Brendan R Southam, Michael T Archdeacon
High-energy, open tibial shaft fractures may result in significant comminution, bone loss, and soft tissue injuries. Early, thorough debridement of all nonviable tissue is of critical importance in treating these fractures as an inadequate initial debridement increases the risk of infection and nonunion. Large iatrogenic bone and soft tissue defects can result from debridement and will require subsequent reconstruction by both orthopaedic and plastic surgeons. Although a variety of approaches exist to address these reconstructions, successful management of bone defects remains a considerable challenge...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934820/-bone-metastases-pathophysiology-diagnostic-testing-and-therapy-part-1
#13
Sebastian Koob, Michael Kehrer, Andreas Strauss, Viktor Janzen, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Jan Schmolders
In Germany and other European countries, cancer is the second most common cause of death after cardiovascular disease. Although 5-year survival rates for several types of cancer have significantly improved over the last 30 years, metastasis to the bone almost always leads to incurable disease. Aside from the rare primary bone tumours, the treatment of bone metastases now accounts for a major part of tumour orthopaedic workload and requires close interdisciplinary coordination between specialists in oncology, radiology and the discipline of the primary tumour entity...
September 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928047/quality-of-meta-analyses-in-major-leading-orthopedics-journals-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
X Zhi, Z Zhang, J Cui, X Zhai, X Chen, J Su
BACKGROUND: Meta-Analyses are the basis of professional and healthcare agencies recommendations and have a growing importance. Quality of meta-analyses has been investigated in some medical fields but to our best knowledge this issue remains under investigated in orthopedics. Therefore, we performed a systematic analysis to: 1) after the introduction of PRISMA statement as a comprehensive guideline and the use of the AMSTAR tool as the standard for sufficient review methodology, has the quality of MAs improved because of that? 2) have some general characteristics influenced the quality of MAs (country, funding source, number of authors)? MATERIAL AND METHODS: We systematically searched the meta-analyses in the top four journals with the impact factor (2015) as following: JBJS, Osteoarthritis Cartilage Arthroscopy and Clin Orthop Relat Res from 2005 to 2008 and from 2012 to 2015...
September 18, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927671/quality-language-subdiscipline-and-promotion-were-associated-with-article-accesses-on-physiotherapy-evidence-database-pedro
#15
Tiê P Yamato, Mohit Arora, Matthew L Stevens, Mark R Elkins, Anne M Moseley
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationship between the number of times articles are accessed on the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and the article characteristics. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship between accesses and the number of citations of articles. METHOD: The study was conducted to derive prediction models for the number of accesses of articles indexed on PEDro from factors that may influence an article's accesses. All articles available on PEDro from August 2014 to January 2015 were included...
August 12, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926390/misconceptions-misuses-and-misinterpretations-of-p-values-and-significance-testing
#16
Joel J Gagnier, Hal Morgenstern
The interpretation and reporting of p values and significance testing in biomedical research are fraught with misconceptions and inaccuracies. Publications of peer-reviewed research in orthopaedics are not immune to such problems. The American Statistical Association (ASA) recently published an official statement on the use, misuse, and misinterpretation of statistical testing and p values in applied research. The ASA statement discussed 6 principles: (1) "P-values can indicate how incompatible the data are with a specified statistical model...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924020/microindentation-a-tool-for-measuring-cortical-bone-stiffness-a-systematic-review
#17
M Arnold, S Zhao, S Ma, F Giuliani, U Hansen, J P Cobb, R L Abel, O Boughton
OBJECTIVES: Microindentation has the potential to measure the stiffness of an individual patient's bone. Bone stiffness plays a crucial role in the press-fit stability of orthopaedic implants. Arming surgeons with accurate bone stiffness information may reduce surgical complications including periprosthetic fractures. The question addressed with this systematic review is whether microindentation can accurately measure cortical bone stiffness. METHODS: A systematic review of all English language articles using a keyword search was undertaken using Medline, Embase, PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane databases...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919087/outcomes-of-restrictive-versus-liberal-transfusion-strategies-in-older-adults-from-nine-randomised-controlled-trials-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Geoff I Simon, Alison Craswell, Ogilvie Thom, Yoke Lin Fung
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for patient blood management recommend restrictive transfusion practice for most adult patients. These guidelines are supported by evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs); however, one of the patient groups not explicitly examined in these studies is the geriatric population. We examined RCTs relevant to transfusion outcomes in older patients. Our aim was to determine whether special guidelines are warranted for geriatric patients, recognising the different pathophysiological characteristics of this group...
October 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891440/a-systematic-review-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-spinal-cord-injury-intervertebral-disc-repair-and-spinal-fusion
#19
Shujhat Khan, Pouya Mafi, Reza Mafi, Wasim Khan
Spinal surgery presents a challenge for both neurosurgery and orthopaedic surgery. Due to the heterogeneous differentiation potential of mesenchymal stem cells, there is much interest in the treatment of spine surgery. Animal and human trials focussing on the efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells in spinal cord injury, spine fusion and disc degeneration were included in this systematic review. Published articles up to January 2016 from MEDLINE, PubMed and Ovid were used by searching for specific terms. Of the 2595 articles found, 53 met the selection criteria and were included for analysis (16 on spinal cord injury, 28 on intervertebral disc repair and 9 on spinal fusion)...
September 7, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875130/ipsilateral-femur-and-tibia-fractures-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-review
#20
Jason B Anari, Alexander L Neuwirth, B David Horn, Keith D Baldwin
AIM: To better understand how pediatric floating knee injuries are managed after the wide spread use of new orthopaedic technology. METHODS: We searched EMBASE, COCHRANE and MEDLINE computerized literature databases from the earliest date available in the databases to February 2017 using the following search term including variants and pleural counterparts: Pediatric floating knee. All studies were thoroughly reviewed by multiple authors. Reference lists from all articles were scrutinized to identify any additional studies of interest...
August 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
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