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Orthopaedic review articles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328995/effectiveness-of-interceptive-treatment-of-class-iii-malocclusions-with-skeletal-anchorage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Jorge Rodríguez de Guzmán-Barrera, Carla Sáez Martínez, Montserrat Boronat-Catalá, Jose María Montiel-Company, Vanessa Paredes-Gallardo, José Luís Gandía-Franco, José Manuel Almerich-Silla, Carlos Bellot-Arcís
Recently, new strategies for treating class III malocclusions have appeared. Skeletal anchorage appears to reduce the dentoalveolar effects while maximising the orthopaedic effect in growing patients. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to examine the effectiveness of bone anchorage devices for interceptive treatment of skeletal class III malocclusions. Searches were made in the Pubmed, Embase, Scopus and Cochrane databases, as well as in a grey literature database, and were complemented by hand-searching...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326347/the-insufficiencies-of-risk-analysis-of-impending-pathological-fractures-in-patients-with-femoral-metastases-a-literature-review
#2
Emir Benca, Janina M Patsch, Winfried Mayr, Dieter H Pahr, Reinhard Windhager
PURPOSE: Pathologic fractures in patients with bone metastases are a common problem in clinical orthopaedic routine. On one hand recognition of metastatic lesions, which are at a high risk of fracture, is essential for timely prophylactic fixation, while on the other hand patients with a low risk of pathologic fractures should be spared from overtreatment. The purpose of this review is to identify all methods for fracture risk evaluation in patients with femoral metastases in the literature and to evaluate their predictive values in clinical applications...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302377/stair-negotiation-as-a-rehabilitation-intervention-for-enhancing-recovery-following-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-surgery
#3
REVIEW
James P Gavin, Tikki Immins, Thomas Wainwright
BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) are common orthopaedic procedures. However, an optimal programme for post-operative rehabilitation has yet to be established. Stair negotiation is a challenging, habitual task, regularly used as a post-operative functional outcome measure; yet as a physical rehabilitation intervention it appears to be rarely used. AIM: The review purpose was to investigate the effectiveness of stair climbing as a rehabilitation intervention for THR and TKR patients...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285481/the-highest-impact-combat-orthopedic-and-extremity-injury-articles-in-the-past-70-years-a-citation-analysis
#4
Jason Nam, Woo S Do, Daniel J Stinner, Joseph C Wenke, Jean A Orman, John F Kragh
The objective of this study was to identify the most-cited peer-reviewed combat orthopedic and extremity injury articles published during the past 70 years. Orthopedic trauma presents ongoing challenges to both US civilian and military healthcare personnel. Improvements in combat trauma and extremity injury survival and quality of life are the result of advances in orthopedic trauma research. The Web of Science (including Science Citation Index) was searched for the most cited articles related to combat orthopedic trauma, published from 1940 to 2013...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281315/silicates-in-orthopaedics-and-bone-tissue-engineering-materials
#5
REVIEW
Xianfeng Zhou, Nianli Zhang, Steven Mankoci, Nita Sahai
Following the success of silicate-based glasses as bioactive materials, silicates are believed to play important roles in promoting bone formation and have therefore been considered to provide a hydroxyapatite surface layer capable of binding to bone as well as potentially being a pro-osteoinductive factor. Natural silicate minerals and silicate-substituted hydroxyapatites are also being actively investigated as orthopaedic bone and dental biomaterials for application in tissue engineering. However, the mechanisms for the proposed roles of silicate in these materials have not been fully understood and are controversial...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216243/effect-of-laminar-airflow-ventilation-on-surgical-site-infections-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Peter Bischoff, N Zeynep Kubilay, Benedetta Allegranzi, Matthias Egger, Petra Gastmeier
BACKGROUND: The role of the operating room's ventilation system in the prevention of surgical site infections (SSIs) is widely discussed, and existing guidelines do not reflect current evidence. In this context, laminar airflow ventilation was compared with conventional ventilation to assess their effectiveness in reducing the risk of SSIs. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and WHO regional medical databases from Jan 1, 1990, to Jan 31, 2014...
February 16, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214379/skeletal-and-dental-effects-of-class-iii-orthopaedic-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Roberto Rongo, Vincenzo D'Antò, Rosaria Bucci, Ilaria Polito, Roberto Martina, Ambrosina Michelotti
AIM: To summarise the skeletal, dental and soft tissue effects of orthopaedic treatment on growing skeletal class III patients compared with a concurrent untreated similar control group; and to evaluate if the design of the primary studies may affect the results. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A literature search was performed up to the end of February 2016. No restrictions were applied concerning language and appliances. Once the quality score was assessed, a meta-analysis was performed for the appliances used in more than three studies...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203271/a-review-of-the-epidemiology-and-treatment-of-orthopaedic-injuries-after-earthquakes-in-developing-countries
#8
REVIEW
James S MacKenzie, Bibek Banskota, Norachart Sirisreetreerux, Babar Shafiq, Erik A Hasenboehler
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes in developing countries are devastating events. Orthopaedic surgeons play a key role in treating earthquake-related injuries to the extremities. We describe orthopaedic injury epidemiology to help guide response planning for earthquake-related disasters. METHODS: Several databases were searched for articles reporting primary injury after major earthquakes from 1970 to June 2016. We used the following key words: "earthquake" AND "fracture" AND "injury" AND "orthopedic" AND "treatment" AND "epidemiology...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199784/allosensitization-following-bone-graft
#9
Eoin D O'Sullivan, Richard K Battle, Sharon Zahra, John F Keating, Lorna P Marson, David M Turner
It is recognised that patients may become sensitized to donor-specific HLA antigens as a result of previous antigenic exposures, classically through previous transplantation, pregnancy or blood transfusion. We present an unusual case of a patient who unexpectedly developed a range of anti-HLA antibodies following orthopaedic surgery where a bone graft was deployed intraoperatively. We describe the case of a 52-year-old male awaiting a renal transplantation, undergoing elective orthopaedic surgery requiring a small volume bone graft...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192826/the-management-of-bone-defects-in-periarticular-knee-injuries-a-review-article
#10
Brian Buck, Yvonne M Murtha
Traumatic bone defects of the distal femur and proximal tibia present treatment challenges for the orthopaedic traumatologist. In addition to bone loss, significant soft tissue compromise and cartilage defects leave the patient and surgeon with few reconstructive options for proper long-term joint function. These injuries are often complicated by delayed healing, nonunion, malunion, infection, and poor subjective patient outcomes. There are a variety of clinical problems associated with the treatment of periarticular fractures about the knee...
March 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186922/do-smokers-have-greater-risk-of-delayed-and-non-union-after-fracture-osteotomy-and-arthrodesis-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#11
R G Pearson, R G E Clement, K L Edwards, B E Scammell
OBJECTIVES: Systematic review and meta-analysis of published observational cohort studies. To quantify the increased risk smokers have of experiencing a delayed and/or non-union in fractures, spinal fusion, osteotomy, arthrodesis or established non-unions. SETTING: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Excerpta Medica database (EMBASE), Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED) and Web of Science Core Collection from 1966 to 2015...
November 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178918/global-health-training-among-u-s-residency-specialties-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
Duncan K Hau, Luke R Smart, Jennifer I DiPace, Robert N Peck
BACKGROUND: Interest in global health training during residency is increasing. Global health knowledge is also becoming essential for health-care delivery today. Many U.S. residency programs have been incorporating global health training opportunities for their residents. We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate global health training opportunities and challenges among U.S. residency specialties. METHODS: We searched PubMed from its earliest dates until October 2015...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169595/tissue-derived-extracellular-matrix-bioscaffolds-emerging-applications-in-cartilage-and-meniscus-repair
#13
Farrah A Monibi, James L Cook
Musculoskeletal injuries are a common problem in orthopedic practice. Given the long-term consequences of unaddressed cartilage and meniscal pathology, a number of treatments have been attempted to stimulate repair or to replace the injured tissue. Despite advances in orthopedic surgery, effective treatments for cartilage and meniscus injuries remain a significant clinical challenge. Tissue engineering is a developing field that aims to regenerate injured tissues with a combination of cells, scaffolds, and signals...
March 7, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167869/bearings-in-hip-arthroplasty-joint-registries-vs-precision-medicine-review-article
#14
REVIEW
Mark J Pearson, Liam M Grover, Janet M Lord, Simon W Jones, Edward T Davis
BACKGROUND: Precision medicine has been adopted in a range of clinical settings where omics data have led to greater characterisation of disease and stratification of patients into subcategories of phenotypes and pathologies. However, in orthopaedics, precision medicine lags behind other disciplines such as cancer. Joint registries have now amassed a huge body of data pertaining to implant performance which can be broken down into performance statistics for different material types in different cohorts of patients...
February 2017: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167866/the-role-of-metal-on-metal-bearings-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-and-hip-resurfacing-review-article
#15
David Sands, Emil H Schemitsch
BACKGROUND: The current role of metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings in hip arthroplasty remains controversial. The low wear offered by MoM bearings compared to metal-on-polyethylene and the possibility of a lower risk of dislocation with larger head sizes, encouraged a trend towards the re-introduction of the MoM bearing couple. However, recent evidence has shown that not all designs of the MoM bearing have been successful. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this paper is to provide an update on the use of MoM bearings and address the following issues: (1) the reintroduction of metal-on-metal bearings in total hip arthroplasty, (2) the failure of metal-on-metal bearings in stemmed total hip arthroplasty, (3) the role of metal-on-metal hip resurfacing in modern orthopaedics and (4) metal-on-metal hip resurfacing versus total hip arthroplasty...
February 2017: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149219/levels-of-evidence-for-hand-questions-on-the-orthopaedic-in-training-examination
#16
Louis C Grandizio, James C Huston, Stephanie S Shim, Jove Graham, Joel C Klena
Background: Although analyses of the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) subspecialty content domains have been performed, few studies have analyzed the levels of evidence (LoEs) for journal articles used as references to create OITE questions. We present an analysis of reference characteristics and question taxonomy for the hand surgery content domain on the OITE. We aim to determine whether level of evidence (LoE) for hand surgery questions have increased over a 15-year period. Methods: All questions and references in the hand surgery content domain on the OITE from 1995-1997 and 2010-2012 were reviewed...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148674/computer-hexapod-assisted-orthopaedic-surgery-provides-a-predictable-and-safe-method-of-femoral-deformity-correction
#17
A Hughes, N Heidari, S Mitchell, J Livingstone, M Jackson, R Atkins, F Monsell
AIMS: Computer hexapod assisted orthopaedic surgery (CHAOS), is a method to achieve the intra-operative correction of long bone deformities using a hexapod external fixator before definitive internal fixation with minimally invasive stabilisation techniques. The aims of this study were to determine the reliability of this method in a consecutive case series of patients undergoing femoral deformity correction, with a minimum six-month follow-up, to assess the complications and to define the ideal group of patients for whom this treatment is appropriate...
February 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148665/the-impact-of-lifestyle-risk-factors-on-the-rate-of-infection-after-surgery-for-a-fracture-of-the-ankle
#18
L L Olsen, A M Møller, S Brorson, R B Hasselager, R Sort
AIMS: Lifestyle risk factors are thought to increase the risk of infection after acute orthopaedic surgery but the evidence is scarce. We aimed to investigate whether smoking, obesity and alcohol overuse are risk factors for the development of infections after surgery for a fracture of the ankle. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent internal fixation of a fracture of the ankle between 2008 and 2013. The primary outcome was the rate of deep infection and the secondary outcome was any surgical site infection (SSI)...
February 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142354/the-use-of-three-dimensional-printing-technology-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#19
Tak Man Wong, Jimmy Jin, Tak Wing Lau, Christian Fang, Chun Hoi Yan, Kelvin Yeung, Michael To, Frankie Leung
Three-dimensional (3-D) printing or additive manufacturing, an advanced technology that 3-D physical models are created, has been wildly applied in medical industries, including cardiothoracic surgery, cranio-maxillo-facial surgery and orthopaedic surgery. The physical models made by 3-D printing technology give surgeons a realistic impression of complex structures, allowing surgical planning and simulation before operations. In orthopaedic surgery, this technique is mainly applied in surgical planning especially revision and reconstructive surgeries, making patient-specific instruments or implants, and bone tissue engineering...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112784/update-on-distal-radius-fractures
#20
Adam E M Eltorai, Andrew D Sobel, Nathan P Thomas, Alan H Daniels, Christopher T Born
This article discusses recent reports on distal radius fractures. The keyword "distal radius fracture" was used to query the PubMed database of the US National Library of Medicine. From the resulting list, articles published in the Journal of Hand Surgery (American Volume), the Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume), and the Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma from April 2014 through December 2015 were reviewed. Related commentaries were also evaluated. Case series of fewer than 5 patients were excluded. The 65 studies and commentaries identified are categorized and summarized...
January 20, 2017: Orthopedics
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