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Orthopaedic review articles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342062/potential-sex-bias-exists-in-orthopaedic-basic-science-and-translational-research
#1
Jessica Bryant, Paul Yi, Liane Miller, Kacy Peek, Daniel Lee
BACKGROUND: Potential sex bias has been shown in general surgery basic science and translational research, with unequal representation of male and female specimens. Because basic science research forms the foundation for clinical studies on which patient care is based, it is important that this research equally consider both sexes. The purpose of this study was to determine if potential sex bias exists in the basic science and translational orthopaedic literature. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted of all articles published in 2014 in The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, The Bone & Joint Journal, and the Journal of Orthopaedic Research (JOR)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305444/follow-up-after-arthroplasty-of-the-hip-and-knee-are-we-over-servicing-or-under-caring
#2
REVIEW
T M Lovelock, N S Broughton
The number of arthroplasties of the hip and knee is predicted to increase rapidly during the next 20 years. Accompanying this is the dilemma of how to follow-up these patients appropriately. Current guidelines recommend long-term follow-up to identify patients with aseptic loosening, which can occur more than a decade postoperatively. The current guidelines and practices of orthopaedic surgeons vary widely. Existing models take up much clinical time and are expensive. Pilot studies using 'virtual' clinics and advanced-practice physiotherapists have shown promise in decreasing the time and costs for orthopaedic surgeons and patients...
January 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258760/adult-reconstruction-studies-presented-at-aaos-and-aahks-2011-2015-annual-meetings-is-there-a-difference-in-future%C3%A2-publication
#3
Qais Naziri, Patrick J Mixa, Daniel P Murray, Preston W Grieco, Emmanuel M Illical, Aditya V Maheshwari, Harpal S Khanuja
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare adult reconstruction abstracts presented at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS) annual meetings. METHODS: A total of 1355 podium and 1731 poster presentations from the adult reconstruction sections of the AAOS and AAHKS meetings from 2011 to 2015 were reviewed for publication in peer-reviewed literature. Authors who were added or removed from the original abstract and the final manuscript were recorded...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226660/bone-and-joint-diseases-in-present-and-future
#4
Yasuharu Nakashima, Ken Okazak, Koichiet Nakayama, Seiji Okada, Hideki Mizu-uchi
With the increase of elderly population, orthopaedic surgeons need to deal with the diseases related to aging, such as joint disorders and fragility fractures. The number of total joint replacements, for example, is two times more than it was 10 years ago. With these backgrounds, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) has proposed the concept of locomotive syndrome; conditions under which the elderly have been receiving care services due to problems of the locomotive organs. To prevent geriatric or disuse syndrome, JOA is currently providing the care‒prevention programs such as the loco-check and loco-training...
January 2017: Fukuoka Igaku Zasshi, Hukuoka Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212692/the-impact-of-age-on-major-orthopaedic-trauma-an-analysis-of-the-united-kingdom-trauma-audit-research-network-database
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
J Herron, R Hutchinson, F Lecky, O Bouamra, A Edwards, M Woodford, W G P Eardley
AIMS: To compare the early management and mortality of older patients sustaining major orthopaedic trauma with that of a younger population with similar injuries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Trauma Audit Research Network database was reviewed to identify eligible patients admitted between April 2012 and June 2015. Distribution and severity of injury, interventions, comorbidity, critical care episodes and mortality were recorded. The population was divided into young (64 years or younger) and older (65 years and older) patients...
December 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194736/micrornas-in-orthopaedic-research-disease-associations-potential-therapeutic-applications-and-perspectives
#6
Audrey McAlinden, Gun-Il Im
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that function to control many cellular processes by their ability to suppress expression of specific target genes. Tens to hundreds of target genes may be affected by one miRNA, thereby resulting in modulation of multiple pathways in any given cell type. Therefore, altered expression of miRNAs (i.e. during tissue development or in scenarios of disease or cellular stress) can have a profound impact on processes regulating cell differentiation, metabolism, proliferation or apoptosis, for example...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164032/change-in-function-pain-and-quality-of-life-following-structured-nonoperative-treatment-in-patients-with-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Lindsay A Tetreault, John Rhee, Heidi Prather, Brian K Kwon, Jefferson R Wilson, Allan R Martin, Ian B Andersson, Anna H Dembek, Krystle T Pagarigan, Joseph R Dettori, Michael G Fehlings
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review to determine (1) change in function, pain, and quality of life following structured nonoperative treatment for degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM); (2) variability of change in function, pain, and quality of life following different types of structured nonoperative treatment; (3) differences in outcomes observed between certain subgroups (eg, baseline severity score, duration of symptoms); and (4) negative outcomes and harms resulting from structured nonoperative treatment...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159873/orthopaedic-manifestations-within-the-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#8
Jelle F Homans, Isabel N Tromp, Dino Colo, Tom P C Schlösser, Moyo C Kruyt, Vincent F X Deeney, Terrence B Crowley, Donna M McDonald-McGinn, René M Castelein
The 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome (22q11.2DS) is the most common microdeletion syndrome with an estimated prevalence of 1:4,000 live births. 22q11.2DS is known to have wide phenotypic variability, including orthopaedic manifestations. The purpose of this systematic review is to increase the awareness of orthopaedic manifestations associated with 22q11.2DS. This systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA Guidelines. Original epidemiological studies on the prevalence of orthopaedic manifestations within 22q11...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145334/concurrent-one-stage-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-due-to-sequel-of-juvenile-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-report
#9
Afshin Taheriazam, Amin Saeidinia
RATIONALE: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic connective tissue disease. Total hip and knee arthroplasties are common major orthopaedic procedures worldwide. PATIENT CONCERNS: To date, no studies have presented 1-stage concurrent total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We reported a case which is, to our knowledge, the first description of both THA and TKA in a patient with RA simultaneously...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142654/correlation-between-nasoalveolar-molding-and-surgical-aesthetic-functional-and-socioeconomic-outcomes-following-primary-repair-surgery-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Sophie Maillard, Jean-Marc Retrouvey, Mairaj K Ahmed, Peter J Taub
Objectives: The authors performed a systematic review to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of the nasoalveolar molding appliance on nonsyndromic unilateral clefts of the lip and/or palate prior to primary lip repair. Material and Methods: A literature search was performed using three electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science) and three journals ("Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal", "Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Journal" and "American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedic") from January 1980 to April 2017...
July 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138917/level-of-evidence-and-authorship-trends-of-clinical-studies-in-knee-surgery-sports-traumatology-arthroscopy-1995-2015
#11
Ryan P Judy, Jason J Shin, Christopher McCrum, Olufemi R Ayeni, Kristian Samuelsson, Volker Musahl
PURPOSE: There is increasing emphasis on publication quality and internationalization of author groups in orthopaedic literature. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the type of studies and the level of evidence (LOE) published in knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy (KSSTA) from 1995 to 2015. The secondary aim was to analyze trends in authorship characteristics in KSSTA. METHODS: Two reviewers reviewed the table of contents of KSSTA and identified original papers from 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015...
November 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119297/pyoderma-gangrenosum-after-orthopaedic-or-traumatologic-surgery-a-systematic-revue-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Stephan Ebrad, Mathieu Severyns, Ahmed Benzakour, Benoit Roze, Christian Derancourt, Guillaume-Anthony Odri, Jean-Louis Rouvillain
INTRODUCTION: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a neutrophilic dermatosis characterised by a painful ulceration mimicking infection of the operative site. To this day, there is still no general agreement on the medical and surgical treatment of PG. This systematic review of the literature aims to summarise recent studies about post-operative PG in orthopaedic surgery to improve its medical and surgical management. METHOD: In April 2017, we carried out an exhaustive review of the literature in MEDLINE, PubMed and Cochrane databases...
November 8, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111811/treatment-of-limb-length-discrepancy-following-total-hip-arthroplasty
#13
Babar Kayani, Jurek Pietrzak, Matthew J Donaldson, Sujith Konan, Fares S Haddad
Limb length discrepancy is the leading cause of patient dissatisfaction following total hip arthroplasty and the most common reason for litigation in the field of orthopaedics. This article provides a systematic, stepwise approach for identifying the aetiology of limb length discrepancy following total hip arthroplasty and provides guidance on the treatment of this complication to optimize postoperative clinical and functional outcomes. This review discusses postoperative history taking, clinical examination, radiographic assessment, conservative treatment, and surgical intervention for the management of patients with established limb length discrepancy following total hip arthroplasty...
November 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096979/patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-and-legacy-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-the-field-of-orthopaedics-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Mohsin S Fidai, Bryan M Saltzman, Fabien Meta, Vincent A Lizzio, Jeffrey P Stephens, Kevin J Bozic, Eric C Makhni
PURPOSE: To compare Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) physical function (PF) with legacy patient-reported outcome measures with regard to correlations, ease of use, and quality criteria for orthopaedic conditions. METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed/MEDLINE database was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to identify published articles that referenced the various PROMIS PF measures...
October 30, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043562/a-review-of-the-management-of-tibial-plateau-fractures
#15
REVIEW
J Mthethwa, A Chikate
Tibial plateau fractures form a wide spectrum of injuries presenting varying challenges to the trauma surgeon. The prognosis of this injury spectrum is largely dependent on the management of each particular configuration, and the literature is as a result littered with a number of management strategies with limited consensus. The aim of this review is to provide a concise guide to the trauma surgeon based on newer and classical peer-reviewed publications in international orthopaedic journals. A PubMed search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed publications within the last 10 years and expanded to identify classic papers pertaining to the Schatzker classification...
October 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040132/a-call-for-standardization-in-platelet-rich-plasma-preparation-protocols-and-composition-reporting-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-orthopaedic-literature
#16
REVIEW
Jorge Chahla, Mark E Cinque, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Sandeep Mannava, Andrew G Geeslin, Iain R Murray, Grant J Dornan, George F Muschler, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a blood-derived preparation whose use has grown exponentially in orthopaedic practice. However, there remains an unclear understanding of the biological properties and effects of PRP on musculoskeletal healing. Heterogeneous processing methods, unstandardized nomenclature, and ambiguous classifications make comparison among studies challenging. A comprehensive assessment of orthopaedic clinical PRP trials is key to unraveling the biological complexity of PRP, while improving standardized communication...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969823/editorial-commentary-leveraging-the-literature-what-can-a-half-century-s-worth-of-studies-tell-us-about-recurrent-instability-following-primary-shoulder-dislocation
#17
EDITORIAL
Mark P Cote
A benefit of systematic review (SR) research methods is that well-performed reviews allow authors and readers to identify weaknesses and variability in the orthopaedic literature. An SR on the topic of recurrence rates after conservative treatment of first-time shoulder dislocation provides an excellent example. The example reviews studies covering more than one-half century of time and employing varying methodological designs; the results include estimates of recurrence of shoulder dislocation ranging widely (from 4% to 94...
October 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969580/the-potential-for-synovium-derived-stem-cells-in-cartilage-repair
#18
Eva Johanna Kubosch, Gernot Michael Lang, David Fürst, David Christopher Kubosch, Kaywan Izadpanah, Bernd Rolauffs, Norbert P Südkamp, Hagen Schmal
BACKGROUND: Articular cartilage defects often result in pain, loss of function and finally osteoarthritis. Developing cell-based therapies for cartilage repair is a major goal of orthopaedic research. Autologous chondrocyte implantation is currently the gold standard cell-based surgical procedure for the treatment of large, isolated, full thickness cartilage defects. Several disadvantages such as the need for two surgical procedures or hypertrophic regenerative cartilage, underline the need for alternative cell sources...
October 2, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952378/a-review-of-translational-medicine-the-future-paradigm-how-can-we-connect-the-orthopaedic-dots-better
#19
Mohamed Mediouni, Daniel R Schlatterer, Henning Madry, Magali Cucchiarini, Balwant Rai
INTRODUCTION: patients with complex medical and surgical problems often travel great distances to prestigious university medical centers in search of solutions and in some cases for nothing more than a diagnosis of their condition. Translational Medicine (TM) is an emerging method and process of facilitating medical advances efficiently from the scientist to the clinician. Most established clinicians and those in training know very little about this new discipline. The purpose of this article is to illustrate tm in varied scientific, medical and surgical fields...
September 27, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938384/-iatrogenic-segmental-defect-how-i-debride-high-energy-open-tibial-fractures
#20
Brendan R Southam, Michael T Archdeacon
High-energy, open tibial shaft fractures may result in significant comminution, bone loss, and soft tissue injuries. Early, thorough debridement of all nonviable tissue is of critical importance in treating these fractures as an inadequate initial debridement increases the risk of infection and nonunion. Large iatrogenic bone and soft tissue defects can result from debridement and will require subsequent reconstruction by both orthopaedic and plastic surgeons. Although a variety of approaches exist to address these reconstructions, successful management of bone defects remains a considerable challenge...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
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