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Orthopaedic review articles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546049/gunshot-induced-injuries-in-orthopaedic-trauma-research-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-the-most-influential-literature
#1
REVIEW
Michael Held, Esmee Engelmann, Robert Dunn, Sufian S Ahmad, Maritz Laubscher, Marius J B Keel, Sithombo Maqungo, Sven Hoppe
INTRODUCTION: A growing burden of gunshot injuries demands evidence-based ballistic trauma management. No comprehensive systematic overview of the current knowledge is available to date. This study aims to identify and analyze the most influential publications in the field of orthopedic ballistic trauma research. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All databases available in the Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge were searched to conduct this bibliometrical study. The most cited orthopedic ballistic trauma articles published between 1950 and 2015 were identified by use of a multi-step approach...
May 22, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534472/evidence-for-robots
#2
Ravikiran Shenoy, Dinesh Nathwani
Robots have been successfully used in commercial industry and have enabled humans to perform tasks which are repetitive, dangerous and requiring extreme force. Their role has evolved and now includes many aspects of surgery to improve safety and precision. Orthopaedic surgery is largely performed on bones which are rigid immobile structures which can easily be performed by robots with great precision. Robots have been designed for use in orthopaedic surgery including joint arthroplasty and spine surgery. Experimental studies have been published evaluating the role of robots in arthroscopy and trauma surgery...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502707/surgical-innovation-in-sarcoma-surgery
#3
L Jeys, G Morris, S Evans, J Stevenson, M Parry, J Gregory
The field of orthopaedic oncology relies on innovative techniques to resect and reconstruct a bone or soft tissue tumour. This article reviews some of the most recent and important innovations in the field, including biological and implant reconstructions, together with computer-assisted surgery. It also looks at innovations in other fields of oncology to assess the impact and change that has been required by surgeons; topics including surgical margins, preoperative radiotherapy and future advances are discussed...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488163/historical-review-of-arthroscopic-surgery-of-the-hip
#4
REVIEW
Abigail C L Magrill, Naoki Nakano, Vikas Khanduja
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Increasing our appreciation of the historical foundations of hip arthroscopy offers greater insight and understanding of the field's current and future applications. This article offers a broad history of the progress of hip arthroscopy. METHODS: Hip arthroscopy's development from the early technologies of endoscopy to the present day is described through a review of the available literature. RESULTS: Endoscopic science begins with the Lichtleiter, developed by Phillip Bozzini (1779-1809) in 1806, but endoscopes were not applied to joints until 1912, as presented by Severin Nordentoft (1866-1922)...
May 9, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476386/a-5-year-review-of-clinical-outcome-measures-published-in-the-journal-of-the-american-podiatric-medical-association-and-the-journal-of-foot-and-ankle-surgery%C3%A2
#5
Todd Hasenstein, Timothy Greene, Andrew J Meyr
This investigation presents a review of all of the clinical outcome measures used by authors and published in the Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association and the Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery(®) from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2015. Of 1,336 articles published during this time frame, 655 (49.0%) were classified as original research and included in this analysis. Of these 655 articles, 151 (23.1%) included at least one clinical outcome measure. Thirty-seven unique clinical outcome scales were used by authors and published during this period...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473333/the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-virtual-fracture-clinic-service-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis-and-before-and-after-comparison
#6
A McKirdy, A M Imbuldeniya
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a virtual fracture clinic (VFC) model, and supplement the literature regarding this service as recommended by The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and the British Orthopaedic Association (BOA). METHODS: This was a retrospective study including all patients (17 116) referred to fracture clinics in a London District General Hospital from May 2013 to April 2016, using hospital-level data...
May 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463018/a-5-year-review-of-clinical-outcome-measures-published-in-the-journal-of-the-american-podiatric-medical-association-and-the-journal-of-foot-and-ankle-surgery%C3%A2
#7
Andrew J Meyr, Todd Hasenstein, Timothy Greene
BACKGROUND: This investigation presents a review of all clinical outcome measures utilized by authors and published in the Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association and The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery® from 01-2011 to 12-2015. METHODS: There were 1336 articles published over this time frame, 655 (49.03%) of which were classified as original research and included in this analysis. RESULTS: Of these 655, 151 (23.05%) included at least one clinical outcome measure...
May 2, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461961/low-dose-dexamethasone-during-arthroplasty-what-do-we-know-about-the-risks
#8
Jessica T Wegener, Tim Kraal, Markus F Stevens, Markus W Hollmann, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Daniël Haverkamp
Dexamethasone is commonly applied during arthroplasty to control post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV). However, conflicting views of orthopaedic surgeons and anaesthesiologists regarding the use of dexamethasone raise questions about risks of impaired wound healing and surgical site infections (SSI).The aim of this systematic review is to determine the level of evidence for the safety of a peri-operative single low dose of dexamethasone in hip and knee arthroplasty.We systematically reviewed literature in PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases and cited references in articles found in the initial search from 1980 to 2013 based on predefined inclusion criteria...
August 2016: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461955/diagnostic-work-up-and-recognition-of-primary-bone-tumours-a-review
#9
REVIEW
James Plant, Stephen Cannon
Benign abnormalities of bone are common, especially in children.Malignant bone sarcomas are aggressive and have a poor outcome, particularly if treatment is delayed or initiated in a non-specialist centre.Conversely, specialist tumour centres are overwhelmed with referrals for benign disease, a predictable outcome of an increasingly litigious medical environment. This review aims to arm the general orthopaedic surgeon or general practitioner with information to better discern a benign bone lesion from a malignant one, and explain the process of investigation and onward referral for those in whom malignant disease is suspected...
June 2016: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461914/an-evidence-based-algorithm-for-the-management-of-common-peroneal-nerve-injury-associated-with-traumatic-knee-dislocation
#10
REVIEW
Deepak Samson, Chye Yew Ng, Dominic Power
Traumatic knee dislocation is a complex ligamentous injury that may be associated with simultaneous vascular and neurological injury.Although orthopaedic surgeons may consider CPN exploration at the time of ligament reconstruction, there is no standardised approach to the management of this complex and debilitating complication.This review focusses on published evidence of the outcomes of common peroneal nerve (CPN) injuries associated with knee dislocation, and proposes an algorithm for the management. Cite this article: Deepak Samson, Chye Yew Ng, Dominic Power...
October 2016: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430703/evidence-based-recommendations-for-pediatric-orthopaedic-practice
#11
Kishore Mulpuri, Emily K Schaeffer, H Kerr Graham, Mininder S Kocher, James Sanders, Ira Zaltz
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicine has become the cornerstone to guide clinical practice decision-making. Evidence-based medicine integrates the strongest available evidence with clinical expertise to make decisions about clinical care. The quality of the evidence depends upon the soundness of the study methodology to allow for meaningful interpretation of the clinical results. The purpose of this review is to analyze the methodological design and clinical findings of published pediatric orthopaedic studies to determine their ability to change or influence clinical practice...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407199/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-for-prevention-of-delirium-after-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Lynn Shields, Victoria Henderson, Robert Caslake
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in prevention of delirium after hip fracture. DESIGN: Systematic review and metaanalysis. SETTING: Ward based models on geriatrics wards and visiting team based models on orthopaedics wards were included. PARTICIPANTS: Four trials (three European, one U.S.; 973 participants) were identified. Two assessed ward-based, and two assessed team-based interventions...
April 13, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393540/microfracture-state-of-the-art-in-cartilage-surgery
#13
Florian Frehner, Jan P Benthien
Objective This study is a literature review from 2010 to 2014 concerning the quality of evidence in clinical trials about microfracture in attempt to repair articular cartilage. We have decided to focus on microfracturing, since this seems to be the best documented technique. Interest in evaluation of publication quality has risen in orthopaedic sports medicine recently. Therefore, we think it is necessary to evaluate recent clinical trials being rated for their evidence-based medicine (EBM) quality. We also compared the mean impact factor of the journals publishing the different studies as an indicator of the study's citation and evaluated for a change over the studied time frame...
April 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385946/the-management-of-open-tibial-fractures-in-children-a-retrospective-case-series-of-eight-years-experience-of-61-cases-at-a-paediatric-specialist-centre
#14
R S Nandra, F Wu, A Gaffey, C E Bache
AIMS: Following the introduction of national standards in 2009, most major paediatric trauma is now triaged to specialist units offering combined orthopaedic and plastic surgical expertise. We investigated the management of open tibia fractures at a paediatric trauma centre, primarily reporting the risk of infection and rate of union. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 61 children who between 2007 and 2015 presented with an open tibia fracture...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385940/the-evolution-of-fracture-clinic-design-the-activity-and-safety-of-the-edinburgh-trauma-triage-clinic-with-one-year-follow-up
#15
T O White, S P Mackenzie, T H Carter, J G Jefferies, O R Prescott, A D Duckworth, J F Keating
AIMS: Fracture clinics are often characterised by the referral of large numbers of unselected patients with minor injuries not requiring investigation or intervention, long waiting times and recurrent unnecessary reviews. Our experience had been of an unsustainable system and we implemented a 'Trauma Triage Clinic' (TTC) in order to rationalise and regulate access to our fracture service. The British Orthopaedic Association's guidelines have required a prospective evaluation of this change of practice, and we report our experience and results...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383764/risk-factors-for-radiographic-joint-space-narrowing-and-patient-reported-outcomes-of-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-after-acl-reconstruction-data-from-the-moon-cohort
#16
Morgan H Jones, Kurt P Spindler
The Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) is an NIH-funded prospective, longitudinal cohort of over 3,500 patients who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) by 14 sports medicine surgeons at 7 academic medical centers. Patient reported outcome questionnaires (PRO's) are completed at baseline and multiple timepoints after surgery, and a nested cohort of patients return for radiographs to assess the development of joint space changes. We review the risk factors for worse patient reported outcomes, the predictors of clinically significant symptoms of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), and the factors associated with more radiographic joint space narrowing...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375638/the-placenta-applications-in-orthopaedic-sports-medicine
#17
James Alexander McIntyre, Ian A Jones, Alla Danilkovich, C Thomas Vangsness
BACKGROUND: Placenta has a long history of use for treating burns and wounds. It is a rich source of collagen and other extracellular matrix proteins, tissue reparative growth factors, and stem cells, including mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Recent data show its therapeutic potential for orthopaedic sports medicine indications. PURPOSE: To provide orthopaedic surgeons with an anatomic description of the placenta, to characterize its cellular composition, and to review the literature reporting the use of placenta-derived cells and placental tissue allografts for orthopaedic sports medicine indications in animal models and in humans...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363420/patient-understanding-expectations-outcomes-and-satisfaction-regarding-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-and-surgical-management
#18
Brian J Cole, Eric J Cotter, Kevin C Wang, Annabelle Davey
Patient satisfaction has become an increasingly important outcome metric in orthopaedics and medicine in general as many initiatives at both the state and national levels aim to improve the efficiency and quality of health care. Anterior cruciate ligament injuries are among the most common injuries in orthopaedics, with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) surgery consistently reported as one of the most frequently performed procedures by orthopaedic surgeons. Patient-reported outcomes are frequently used to evaluate outcomes from the patient's perspective, and many physicians also ask patients about their satisfaction with treatment...
May 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361017/lower-limb-stress-fractures-in-sport-optimising-their-management-and-outcome
#19
REVIEW
Greg A J Robertson, Alexander M Wood
Stress fractures in sport are becoming increasing more common, comprising up to 10% of all of sporting injuries. Around 90% of such injuries are located in the lower limb. This articles aims to define the optimal management of lower limb stress fractures in the athlete, with a view to maximise return rates and minimise return times to sport. Treatment planning of this condition is specific to the location of the injury. However, there remains a clear division of stress fractures by "high" and "low" risk. "Low risk" stress fractures are those with a low probability of fracture propagation, delayed union, or non-union, and so can be managed reliably with rest and exercise limitation...
March 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355098/meniscus-beyond-mechanics-using-biology-to-advance-our-understanding-of-meniscus-injury-and-treatment
#20
Muhammad Farooq Rai, Amy L McNulty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Connective Tissue Research
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