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Orthopaedic review articles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632455/joint-preservation-techniques-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#1
Philip J York, Frank B Wydra, Matthew E Belton, Armando F Vidal
CONTEXT: With increasing life expectancy, there is growing demand for preservation of native articular cartilage to delay joint arthroplasties, especially in younger, active patients. Damage to the hyaline cartilage of a joint has a limited intrinsic capacity to heal. This can lead to accelerated degeneration of the joint and early-onset osteoarthritis. Treatment in the past was limited, however, and surgical treatment options continue to evolve that may allow restoration of the natural biology of the articular cartilage...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629991/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-subsequent-to-serious-orthopaedic-injury-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Christina L Ekegren, Ben Beck, Rachel E D Climie, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and synthesise the evidence on physical activity and sedentary behaviour following serious orthopaedic injury. DATA SOURCES: Eight electronic databases and reference lists of relevant articles were searched from inception to March 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour measured objectively or via self-report among patients with serious orthopaedic injury (acute bone or soft-tissue injury requiring emergency hospital admission and/or non-elective surgery) were included...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608618/bench-to-bedside-bridge-enhanced-anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair
#3
REVIEW
Gabriel S Perrone, Benedikt L Proffen, Ata M Kiapour, Jakob T Sieker, Braden C Fleming, Martha M Murray
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are one of the most well-known orthopaedic injuries and are treated with one of the most common orthopaedic procedures performed in the United States. This surgical procedure, ACL reconstruction, is successful at restoring the gross stability of the knee. However, the outcomes of ACL reconstruction can be limited by short and long term complications, including muscle weakness, graft rupture and premature osteoarthritis. Thus, new methods of treating this injury are being explored...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590348/incidence-of-adult-respiratory-distress-syndrome-ards-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-over-a-period-of-three-decades
#4
Roman Pfeifer, Nicole Heussen, Emilia Michalewicz, Ralf-Dieter Hilgers, Hans-Christoph Pape
BACKGROUND: In trauma patients, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Changes in diagnostics, management and treatment may have influenced the incidence of ARDS. Therefore, the purpose of this manuscript is to evaluate whether there is a difference in the incidence of posttraumatic ARDS 1) over time, 2) attributable to geographic distribution, and 3) related to admitting surgical subspecialities. METHODS: A comprehensive search of articles published in English and German language was conducted using PubMed, MEDLINE, and the ISI Web of Science...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578459/late-versus-early-reduction-in-traumatic-hip-dislocations-a-meta-analysis
#5
Ghalib Ahmed, Salman Shiraz, Muhammad Riaz, Talal Ibrahim
AIMS: Traumatic hip dislocations are considered orthopaedic emergencies that are treated with urgent reduction to decrease the rate of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. The aim of our study was to systematically review the literature that compares late (>6 h from the time of injury) to early (<6 h from the time of injury) reduction in all traumatic hip dislocations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched five databases from 1951 to 2016 for studies that evaluated timing of reduction and osteonecrosis of the femoral head in all traumatic hip dislocations...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567319/anterior-interosseous-nerve-neuropraxia-secondary-to-shoulder-arthroscopy-and-open-subpectoral-long-head-biceps-tenodesis
#6
Jeremiah T Steed, Kathlyn Drexler, Adam N Wooldridge, Matthew Ferguson
Arthroscopic rotator cuff tendon repair is a common elective procedure performed by trained orthopaedic surgeons with a relatively low complication rate. Specifically, isolated neuropraxia of the anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) is a very rare complication of shoulder arthroscopy. An analysis of peer-reviewed published literature revealed only three articles reporting a total of seven cases that describe this specific complication following standard shoulder arthroscopic procedures. This article reports on three patients diagnosed with AIN neuropraxia following routine shoulder arthroscopy done by a single surgeon within a three-year period...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546049/gunshot-induced-injuries-in-orthopaedic-trauma-research-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-the-most-influential-literature
#7
REVIEW
M Held, E Engelmann, R Dunn, S S Ahmad, M Laubscher, M J B Keel, S Maqungo, S Hoppe
A growing burden of gunshot injuries demands evidence-based ballistic trauma management. No comprehensive systematic overview of the current knowledge is available to date. This study aims to identify and analyze the most influential publications in the field of orthopedic ballistic trauma research. All databases available in the Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge were searched to conduct this bibliometrical study. The most cited orthopedic ballistic trauma articles published between 1950 and 2015 were identified by use of a multi-step approach...
May 22, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534472/evidence-for-robots
#8
Ravikiran Shenoy, Dinesh Nathwani
Robots have been successfully used in commercial industry and have enabled humans to perform tasks which are repetitive, dangerous and requiring extreme force. Their role has evolved and now includes many aspects of surgery to improve safety and precision. Orthopaedic surgery is largely performed on bones which are rigid immobile structures which can easily be performed by robots with great precision. Robots have been designed for use in orthopaedic surgery including joint arthroplasty and spine surgery. Experimental studies have been published evaluating the role of robots in arthroscopy and trauma surgery...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502707/surgical-innovation-in-sarcoma-surgery
#9
L Jeys, G Morris, S Evans, J Stevenson, M Parry, J Gregory
The field of orthopaedic oncology relies on innovative techniques to resect and reconstruct a bone or soft tissue tumour. This article reviews some of the most recent and important innovations in the field, including biological and implant reconstructions, together with computer-assisted surgery. It also looks at innovations in other fields of oncology to assess the impact and change that has been required by surgeons; topics including surgical margins, preoperative radiotherapy and future advances are discussed...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488163/historical-review-of-arthroscopic-surgery-of-the-hip
#10
REVIEW
Abigail C L Magrill, Naoki Nakano, Vikas Khanduja
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Increasing our appreciation of the historical foundations of hip arthroscopy offers greater insight and understanding of the field's current and future applications. This article offers a broad history of the progress of hip arthroscopy. METHODS: Hip arthroscopy's development from the early technologies of endoscopy to the present day is described through a review of the available literature. RESULTS: Endoscopic science begins with the Lichtleiter, developed by Phillip Bozzini (1779-1809) in 1806, but endoscopes were not applied to joints until 1912, as presented by Severin Nordentoft (1866-1922)...
May 9, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476386/a-5-year-review-of-clinical-outcome-measures-published-in-the-journal-of-the-american-podiatric-medical-association-and-the-journal-of-foot-and-ankle-surgery%C3%A2
#11
Todd Hasenstein, Timothy Greene, Andrew J Meyr
This investigation presents a review of all of the clinical outcome measures used by authors and published in the Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association and the Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery(®) from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2015. Of 1,336 articles published during this time frame, 655 (49.0%) were classified as original research and included in this analysis. Of these 655 articles, 151 (23.1%) included at least one clinical outcome measure. Thirty-seven unique clinical outcome scales were used by authors and published during this period...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473333/the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-virtual-fracture-clinic-service-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis-and-before-and-after-comparison
#12
A McKirdy, A M Imbuldeniya
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a virtual fracture clinic (VFC) model, and supplement the literature regarding this service as recommended by The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and the British Orthopaedic Association (BOA). METHODS: This was a retrospective study including all patients (17 116) referred to fracture clinics in a London District General Hospital from May 2013 to April 2016, using hospital-level data...
May 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463018/a-5-year-review-of-clinical-outcome-measures-published-in-the-journal-of-the-american-podiatric-medical-association-and-the-journal-of-foot-and-ankle-surgery%C3%A2
#13
Andrew J Meyr, Todd Hasenstein, Timothy Greene
BACKGROUND: This investigation presents a review of all clinical outcome measures utilized by authors and published in the Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association and The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery® from 01-2011 to 12-2015. METHODS: There were 1336 articles published over this time frame, 655 (49.03%) of which were classified as original research and included in this analysis. RESULTS: Of these 655, 151 (23.05%) included at least one clinical outcome measure...
May 2, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461961/low-dose-dexamethasone-during-arthroplasty-what-do-we-know-about-the-risks
#14
Jessica T Wegener, Tim Kraal, Markus F Stevens, Markus W Hollmann, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Daniël Haverkamp
Dexamethasone is commonly applied during arthroplasty to control post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV). However, conflicting views of orthopaedic surgeons and anaesthesiologists regarding the use of dexamethasone raise questions about risks of impaired wound healing and surgical site infections (SSI).The aim of this systematic review is to determine the level of evidence for the safety of a peri-operative single low dose of dexamethasone in hip and knee arthroplasty.We systematically reviewed literature in PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases and cited references in articles found in the initial search from 1980 to 2013 based on predefined inclusion criteria...
August 2016: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461955/diagnostic-work-up-and-recognition-of-primary-bone-tumours-a-review
#15
REVIEW
James Plant, Stephen Cannon
Benign abnormalities of bone are common, especially in children.Malignant bone sarcomas are aggressive and have a poor outcome, particularly if treatment is delayed or initiated in a non-specialist centre.Conversely, specialist tumour centres are overwhelmed with referrals for benign disease, a predictable outcome of an increasingly litigious medical environment. This review aims to arm the general orthopaedic surgeon or general practitioner with information to better discern a benign bone lesion from a malignant one, and explain the process of investigation and onward referral for those in whom malignant disease is suspected...
June 2016: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461914/an-evidence-based-algorithm-for-the-management-of-common-peroneal-nerve-injury-associated-with-traumatic-knee-dislocation
#16
REVIEW
Deepak Samson, Chye Yew Ng, Dominic Power
Traumatic knee dislocation is a complex ligamentous injury that may be associated with simultaneous vascular and neurological injury.Although orthopaedic surgeons may consider CPN exploration at the time of ligament reconstruction, there is no standardised approach to the management of this complex and debilitating complication.This review focusses on published evidence of the outcomes of common peroneal nerve (CPN) injuries associated with knee dislocation, and proposes an algorithm for the management. Cite this article: Deepak Samson, Chye Yew Ng, Dominic Power...
October 2016: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430703/evidence-based-recommendations-for-pediatric-orthopaedic-practice
#17
Kishore Mulpuri, Emily K Schaeffer, H Kerr Graham, Mininder S Kocher, James Sanders, Ira Zaltz
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicine has become the cornerstone to guide clinical practice decision-making. Evidence-based medicine integrates the strongest available evidence with clinical expertise to make decisions about clinical care. The quality of the evidence depends upon the soundness of the study methodology to allow for meaningful interpretation of the clinical results. The purpose of this review is to analyze the methodological design and clinical findings of published pediatric orthopaedic studies to determine their ability to change or influence clinical practice...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407199/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-for-prevention-of-delirium-after-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Lynn Shields, Victoria Henderson, Robert Caslake
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in prevention of delirium after hip fracture. DESIGN: Systematic review and metaanalysis. SETTING: Ward based models on geriatrics wards and visiting team based models on orthopaedics wards were included. PARTICIPANTS: Four trials (three European, one U.S.; 973 participants) were identified. Two assessed ward-based, and two assessed team-based interventions...
April 13, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393540/microfracture-state-of-the-art-in-cartilage-surgery
#19
Florian Frehner, Jan P Benthien
Objective This study is a literature review from 2010 to 2014 concerning the quality of evidence in clinical trials about microfracture in attempt to repair articular cartilage. We have decided to focus on microfracturing, since this seems to be the best documented technique. Interest in evaluation of publication quality has risen in orthopaedic sports medicine recently. Therefore, we think it is necessary to evaluate recent clinical trials being rated for their evidence-based medicine (EBM) quality. We also compared the mean impact factor of the journals publishing the different studies as an indicator of the study's citation and evaluated for a change over the studied time frame...
April 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385946/the-management-of-open-tibial-fractures-in-children-a-retrospective-case-series-of-eight-years-experience-of-61-cases-at-a-paediatric-specialist-centre
#20
R S Nandra, F Wu, A Gaffey, C E Bache
AIMS: Following the introduction of national standards in 2009, most major paediatric trauma is now triaged to specialist units offering combined orthopaedic and plastic surgical expertise. We investigated the management of open tibia fractures at a paediatric trauma centre, primarily reporting the risk of infection and rate of union. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 61 children who between 2007 and 2015 presented with an open tibia fracture...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
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