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Iron source

Majed M AbuKhader
AIM: To assess the suitability of iron content and the nutritional benefits of selected fortified food products marketed for 4-8 year old children in Oman. METHODS: Forty-five fortified foods, which are available in Omani markets, were classified into four groups based on food type and composition: ready-to-eat (RTE) breakfast cereals (two groups), malted milk drinks and milk powder formulas. The nutrition panel displayed on the products' outer package was used as a source of content values for iron and other nutrients...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Fenella Steyfkens, Zhiqiang Zhang, Griet Van Zeebroeck, Johan M Thevelein
The nutrient composition of the medium has dramatic effects on many cellular properties in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae . In addition to the well-known specific responses to starvation for an essential nutrient, like nitrogen or phosphate, the presence of fermentable sugar or a respirative carbon source leads to predominance of fermentation or respiration, respectively. Fermenting and respiring cells also show strong differences in other properties, like storage carbohydrate levels, general stress tolerance and cellular growth rate...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Fernando Cruvinel Damasceno, André Luis Condeles, Angélica Kodama Bueno Lopes, Rômulo Rodrigues Facci, Edlaine Linares, Daniela Ramos Truzzi, Ohara Augusto, Jose Carlos Toledo
The ubiquitous cellular labile iron pool (LIP) is often associated with the production of the highly reactive hydroxyl radical, which forms through a redox reaction with hydrogen peroxide. Peroxynitrite is a biologically relevant peroxide produced by the recombination of nitric oxide and superoxide. It is a strong oxidant that may be involved in multiple pathological conditions, but whether and how it interacts with the LIP is unclear. Here, using fluorescence spectroscopy, we investigated the interaction between the LIP and peroxynitrite by monitoring peroxynitrite-dependent accumulation of nitrosated and oxidized fluorescent intracellular indicators...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Kieran J Richardson, Antony P McNamee, Michael J Simmonds
Haemochromatosis remains the most prevalent genetic disorder of Caucasian populations in Australia and the United States, occurring in ∼1 of 200 individuals and having a carrier frequency of 10-14%. Hereditary haemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive condition, that is phenotypically characterised by a gradual accumulation of iron, above and beyond that required for biological function. Once the binding capacity of iron carriers reaches saturation, the highly reactive free iron generates radicals that may lead to widespread cellular dysfunction...
April 7, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Matteo Ippoliti, Lisa C Adams, Brenner Winfried, Bernd Hamm, Pascal Spincemaille, Yi Wang, Marcus R Makowski
BACKGROUND: Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) is an MRI postprocessing technique that allows quantification of the spatial distribution of tissue magnetic susceptibility in vivo. Contributing sources include iron, blood products, calcium, myelin, and lipid content. PURPOSE: To evaluate the reproducibility and consistency of QSM across clinical field strengths of 1.5T and 3T and to optimize the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) at 1.5T through bandwidth tuning...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Noah Stern, Jacqueline Mejia, Shaomei He, Yu Yang, Matthew Ginder-Vogel, Eric E Roden
Dissimilatory iron-reducing bacteria (DIRB) are known to use humic substances (HS) as electron shuttles for dissimilatory iron reduction (DIR) by transferring electrons to HS-quinone moieties, which in turn rapidly reduce Fe(III) oxides. It has also been proposed that certain components of HS can be mineralized by microorganisms. However, the potential for HS to serve a source of organic carbon (OC) that fuels DIR is unknown. We studied whether isolated humic acids (HA) and humins (HM) could serve as both electron shuttles and electron donors for DIR by freshwater sediment microorganisms...
April 16, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Yi Min, Chengjun Liu, Peiyang Shi, Chongda Qin, Yutao Feng, Baichen Liu
Raw materials were co-sintered with municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash through iron ore sintering to promote the safe treatment and utilization of MSWI fly ash. To assess the feasibility of this co-sintering method, in this study, the effects of the addition of MSWI fly ash on the formation and emission of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs) were estimated via iron ore sintering pot experiments. During co-sintering, most of the PCDD/Fs in the added MSWI fly ash were decomposed and transformed into PCDD/Fs associated with iron sintering, and the concentrations of lower- and mid-chlorinated congeners increased...
April 11, 2018: Waste Management
Agnieszka Sobianowska-Turek
The utilization of the stream of waste secondary nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) and lithium-ion (Li-ion) cells, representing annually about 33% of all consumer batteries and accumulators placed on the Polish market, will soon become a big challenge for both legislators and plants dealing with the recycling of this type of hazardous waste. It is due to the fact that no company in Poland operating on the market has a complete technology for the processing of a full stream of waste chemical energy sources produced in this country...
April 11, 2018: Waste Management
Saleha Akter, Michael E Netzel, Mary T Fletcher, Ujang Tinggi, Yasmina Sultanbawa
Terminalia ferdinandiana (Kakadu plum) is a native Australian fruit. Industrial processing of T. ferdinandiana fruits into puree generates seeds as a by-product, which are generally discarded. The aim of our present study was to process the seed to separate the kernel and determine its nutritional composition. The proximate, mineral and fatty acid compositions were analysed in this study. Kernels are composed of 35% fat, while proteins account for 32% dry weight (DW). The energy content and fiber were 2065 KJ/100 g and 21...
April 12, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
David Sulzer, Clifford Cassidy, Guillermo Horga, Un Jung Kang, Stanley Fahn, Luigi Casella, Gianni Pezzoli, Jason Langley, Xiaoping P Hu, Fabio A Zucca, Ioannis U Isaias, Luigi Zecca
The diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) occurs after pathogenesis is advanced and many substantia nigra (SN) dopamine neurons have already died. Now that therapies to block this neuronal loss are under development, it is imperative that the disease be diagnosed at earlier stages and that the response to therapies is monitored. Recent studies suggest this can be accomplished by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) detection of neuromelanin (NM), the characteristic pigment of SN dopaminergic, and locus coeruleus (LC) noradrenergic neurons...
2018: NPJ Parkinson's Disease
Chunfeng Wang, Dan Yao, Yang Liu, Yufan Wu, Jinyou Shen
A novel and effective system was developed for recycling cathode ray tube (CRT) funnel glass wastes. Initially, the combination of nanoscale Fe0 with ball milling promoted lead transfer that was strongly encapsulated in the glass inner structure to the surface of funnel glass and/or adhere to iron substance due to the collapse of SiO bonds. This condition enhanced the dissolution of lead in the acid solution. A high lead extraction rate of 97.8% from funnel glass was achieved through nitric acid leaching by optimizing the operational parameters (Fe0 /funnel glass mass ratio, 0...
April 9, 2018: Waste Management
Elisabeth Tamayo, Simon A B Knight, Ascensión Valderas, Andrew Dancis, Nuria Ferrol
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi can improve iron (Fe) acquisition of their host plants. Here, we report a characterization of two components of the high-affinity reductive Fe uptake system of Rhizophagus irregularis, the ferric reductase (RiFRE1) and the high affinity Fe permeases (RiFTR1-2). In the extraradical mycelia (ERM), Fe deficiency induced activation of a plasma membrane-localized ferric reductase, an enzyme that reduces Fe(III) sources to the more soluble Fe(II). Yeast mutant complementation assays showed that RiFRE1 encodes a functional ferric reductase and RiFTR1 an iron permease...
April 6, 2018: Environmental Microbiology
Maximiliano J Amenabar, Eric S Boyd
The thermoacidophile Acidianus is widely distributed in Yellowstone National Park hot springs that span large gradients in pH (1.60 to 4.84), temperature (42 to 90°C), and mineralogical composition. To characterize the potential role of flexibility in mineral-dependent energy metabolism in contributing to the widespread ecological distribution of this strain, we characterized the spectrum of minerals capable of supporting metabolism and mechanisms that the strain uses to access these minerals. The energy metabolism of Acidianus strain DS80 was supported by elemental sulfur (S°), a variety of iron (hydr)oxides, and arsenic sulfide...
April 6, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Tan Heng, Wang Ze, Tan Wen-Sheng, Li Xiao-Ping, Qiu Jian-Guo, Yang Xiao-Hong
INTRODUCTION: Micro/nanostructured materials have attracted a great deal of attention, and many strategies have been developed to fabricate micro/nanostructured materials. METHODS: Amine-functionalized micro/nanostructured Fe3 O4 with different sizes was synthesized conveniently in organic media. The chemical structures of as-synthesized products were characterized by FTIR, TEM, SEM, and XRD. RESULTS: The ligand binds to the Fe3 O4 core by hydrogen bond between the oxygen atom on the surface of Fe3 O4 and the hydrogen atom in molecular ethylenediamine...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Alex Price, Victoria K Pearson, Susanne P Schwenzer, Jennyfer Miot, Karen Olsson-Francis
This work considers the hypothetical viability of microbial nitrate-dependent Fe2+ oxidation (NDFO) for supporting simple life in the context of the early Mars environment. This draws on knowledge built up over several decades of remote and in situ observation, as well as recent discoveries that have shaped current understanding of early Mars. Our current understanding is that certain early martian environments fulfill several of the key requirements for microbes with NDFO metabolism. First, abundant Fe2+ has been identified on Mars and provides evidence of an accessible electron donor; evidence of anoxia suggests that abiotic Fe2+ oxidation by molecular oxygen would not have interfered and competed with microbial iron metabolism in these environments...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Eduard J van Beers, Richard van Wijk
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a monogenetic disorder marked by hemolytic anemia and vaso-occlusive complications. The hallmark of SCD is the intracellular polymerization of sickle hemoglobin (HbS) after deoxygenation, and the subsequent characteristic shape change (sickling) of red cells. Vaso-occlusion occurs after endothelial activation, expression of adhesion molecules and subsequent adhesion of leucocytes and sickle erythrocytes to the vascular wall. Here we review how oxidative stress from various sources influences this process...
2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Zhaoquan Xu, Junhong Ma, Minhui Shi, Yahong Xie, Chao Feng
An iron and nitrogen co-doped 3D porous carbon catalyst with high performance for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is produced by pyrolysis. The precursor is a mixture of red date, ferrous (Ⅱ) acetate, and graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3 N4 ). g-C3 N4 is the nitrogen source and also the sacrificial template, which plays a key role in the formation of a porous nitrogen rich carbon structure with high surface area. It is found that active sites and catalytic performance of synthetic materials are significantly influenced by the Fe content...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Elena Maklashina, Sany Rajagukguk, T M Iverson, Gary Cecchini
Complex II (SdhABCD) is a membrane-bound component of mitochondrial and bacterial electron transport chains as well as of the TCA cycle. In this capacity, it catalyzes the reversible oxidation of succinate. SdhABCD contains the SDHA protein harboring a covalently bound FAD redox center and the iron-sulfur (Fe-S) protein SDHB, containing three distinct Fe-S centers. When assembly of this complex is compromised, the flavoprotein SDHA may accumulate in the mitochondrial matrix or bacterial cytoplasm. Whether the unassembled SDHA has any catalytic activity, for example, in succinate oxidation, fumarate reduction, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, or other off-pathway reactions is not known...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ryan C McCarthy, Jose Carlo Sosa, Andrew M Gardeck, Andrew S Baez, Chih-Hao Lee, Marianne Wessling-Resnick
Microglia are immune cells of the central nervous system and are implicated in brain inflammation. However, how brain microglia modulate transport and metabolism of the essential metal iron in response to pro- and anti-inflammatory environmental cues is unclear. Here, we characterized uptake of transferrin (Tf)-bound iron (TBI) and non-Tf-bound iron (NTBI) by immortalized microglial (IMG) cells. We found that these cells preferentially take up NTBI in response to the proinflammatory stimulus lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or amyloid-beta (Aβ)...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Zheng Guo, Xinwei Wang
Atomic layer deposition (ALD) of the pyrite-type metal disulfides FeS2, CoS2, and NiS2 is reported for the first time. The deposition processes use iron, cobalt, and nickel amidinate compounds as the corresponding metal precursors and the H2S plasma as the sulfur source. All the processes are demonstrated to follow ideal self-limiting ALD growth behavior to produce fairly pure, smooth, well-crystallized, stoichiometric pyrite FeS2, CoS2, and NiS2 films. By these processes, the FeS2, CoS2, and NiS2 films can also be uniformly and conformally deposited into deep narrow trenches with aspect ratios as high as 10:1, which thereby highlights the broad and promising applicability of these ALD processes for conformal film coatings on complex high-aspect-ratio 3D architectures in general...
April 2, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
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