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Pre-Menstrual Syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789706/small-leucine-rich-proteoglycans-slrps-in-the-endometrium-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-women-a-pilot-study
#1
Ricardo Santos Simões, José Maria Soares-Jr, Manuel J Simões, Helena B Nader, Maria Cândida P Baracat, Gustavo Arantes R Maciel, Paulo C Serafini, Ricardo Azziz, Edmund C Baracat
BACKGROUND: Small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs) play an important role in tissue homeostasis and cell proliferation since these proteoglycans sequester multiple growth factors. However, the content of SLRPs in the endometrium of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women is unknown. Our purpose was to test the hypothesis that excessive endometrial proliferation in PCOS may be partly related to abnormalities in SLRPs. METHODS: In a cross section study a total of 20 endometrial samples were collected from 10 patients with PCOS and 10 ovulatory women during their proliferative (pre-ovulatory) phase...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760794/comparison-of-a-freeze-all-strategy-including-gnrh-agonist-trigger-versus-a-fresh-transfer-strategy-including-hcg-trigger-in-assisted-reproductive-technology-art-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Sacha Stormlund, Kristine Løssl, Anne Zedeler, Jeanette Bogstad, Lisbeth Prætorius, Henriette Svarre Nielsen, Mona Bungum, Sven O Skouby, Anne Lis Mikkelsen, Anders Nyboe Andersen, Christina Bergh, Peter Humaidan, Anja Pinborg
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy rates after frozen embryo transfer (FET) have improved in recent years and are now approaching or even exceeding those obtained after fresh embryo transfer. This is partly due to improved laboratory techniques, but may also be caused by a more physiological hormonal and endometrial environment in FET cycles. Furthermore, the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is practically eliminated in segmentation cycles followed by FET and the use of natural cycles in FETs may be beneficial for the postimplantational conditions of fetal development...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551304/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-understanding-the-role-of-the-brain
#3
REVIEW
Aleisha M Moore, Rebecca E Campbell
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent endocrine disorder and the leading cause of anovulatory infertility. Characterised by hyperandrogenism, menstrual dysfunction and polycystic ovaries, PCOS is a broad-spectrum disorder unlikely to stem from a single common origin. Although commonly considered an ovarian disease, the brain is now a prime suspect in both the ontogeny and pathology of PCOS. We discuss here the neuroendocrine impairments present in PCOS that implicate involvement of the brain and review evidence gained from pre-clinical models of the syndrome about the specific brain circuitry involved...
July 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530481/hormone-replacement-therapy-in-pre-menopausal-women-undergoing-bilateral-salpingo-oophorectomy-for-benign-disease-a-review-of-practice
#4
Alison Richardson, Emily West, Mike Cust
Introduction The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline on the diagnosis and management of the menopause states that women who are likely to go through the menopause as a result of surgical treatment should be offered information about the menopause and the importance of starting hormonal replacement therapy before they have their treatment. Objectives To determine compliance with NICE guidelines at the Royal Derby Hospital. Study design We undertook a retrospective review of all pre-menopausal women undergoing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for benign pathology between 1 January 2016 and 30 June 2016...
January 1, 2017: Post Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498002/an-observation-study-of-the-clinical-evaluation-of-symptom-relief-and-side-effects-associated-with-taking-ulipristal-acetate-esmya-including-its-effect-on-pre-menstrual-syndrome
#5
Bee F Chen, Martin C Powell, Courtney O'Beirne
This was an observational study investigating the efficacy and side effects associated with ulipristal acetate (UPA), a progesterone receptor modulator, and the possible benefits to women who have co-existing pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS). 80 women returned a questionnaire on the bleeding, menstrual pain and side effects, and changes on PMS were recorded. 67 women (84%) showed improvement in their menses. 54 women (67%) became amenorrhoeic. Of those, 67% were within 10 days of commencing UPA. Menses returned in 33 amenorrhoeic women within 4 weeks of stopping UPA...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486593/prevalence-of-obesity-associated-gonadal-dysfunction-in-severely-obese-men-and-women-and-its-resolution-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Hector F Escobar-Morreale, Elisa Santacruz, Manuel Luque-Ramírez, José I Botella Carretero
BACKGROUND: Sexual dimorphism manifests noticeably in obesity-associated gonadal dysfunction. In women, obesity is associated with androgen excess disorders, mostly the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), whereas androgen deficiency is frequently present in obese men in what has been termed as male obesity-associated secondary hypogonadism (MOSH). Obesity-associated gonadal dysfunction, consisting of PCOS in women and MOSH in men, is a frequent finding in patients with severe obesity and it may be ameliorated or even resolve with marked weight loss, especially after bariatric surgery...
July 1, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412862/impact-of-transvaginal-hydrolaparoscopy-ovarian-drilling-on-ovarian-stromal-blood-flow-and-ovarian-volume-in-clomiphene-citrate-resistant-pcos-patients-a-case-control-study
#7
Pierluigi Giampaolino, Ilaria Morra, Nicoletta De Rosa, Angelo Cagnacci, Massimiliano Pellicano, Costantino Di Carlo, Carmine Nappi, Giuseppe Bifulco
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in gynecology. In PCOS patients vascularization parameters are altered. Transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) is a mini-invasive approach for ovarian drilling in PCOS patients. In this study, we assessed the effect of ovarian drilling using THL on ovarian volume (OV) and vascularization index (VI) using 3D power Doppler ultrasonography in CC-resistant PCOS patients. A case-control study on 123 CC-resistant PCOS women who underwent THL ovarian drilling was performed...
April 17, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333235/ovarian-hormones-and-obesity
#8
Brigitte Leeners, Nori Geary, Philippe N Tobler, Lori Asarian
BACKGROUND: Obesity is caused by an imbalance between energy intake, i.e. eating and energy expenditure (EE). Severe obesity is more prevalent in women than men worldwide, and obesity pathophysiology and the resultant obesity-related disease risks differ in women and men. The underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Pre-clinical and clinical research indicate that ovarian hormones may play a major role. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: We systematically reviewed the clinical and pre-clinical literature on the effects of ovarian hormones on the physiology of adipose tissue (AT) and the regulation of AT mass by energy intake and EE...
May 1, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935742/risk-factors-for-premenstrual-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
José L Sánchez-Ramos, Antonio R Pereira-Vega, Francisco Alvarado-Gómez, Jose A Maldonado-Pérez, Cecilie Svanes, Francisco Gómez-Real
Asthma in women can deteriorate in specific phases during the menstrual cycle. Deterioration in the premenstrual phase (increase in symptoms or deterioration in peak flow measurements) is known as premenstrual asthma. The etiology remains mostly unknown. Areas covered: This paper systematically reviews risk factors for premenstrual asthma. Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS and secondary sources were searched. The selection criteria were met by 20 articles. Expert commentary: Women with pre-menstrual asthma are older, have more severe asthma, a higher body-mass index, a longer duration of asthma and a greater likelihood of aspirin sensitive asthma...
January 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816231/distribution-of-the-fmr1-gene-in-females-by-race-ethnicity-women-with-diminished-ovarian-reserve-versus-women-with-normal-fertility-swan-study
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Lisa M Pastore, Steven L Young, Ani Manichaikul, Valerie L Baker, Xin Q Wang, Joel S Finkelstein
OBJECTIVE: To study whether reported, but inconsistent, associations between the FMR1 CGG repeat lengths in the intermediate, high normal, or low normal range differentiate women diagnosed with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) from population controls and whether associations vary by race/ethnic group. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Academic and private fertility clinics. PATIENT(S): DOR cases (n = 129; 95 Whites, 22 Asian, 12 other) from five U...
January 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665856/how-does-the-estimated-phase-of-menstrual-cycle-or-menopause-influence-the-prevalence-of-vasovagal-syncope-induced-by-head-up-tilt
#11
Artur Pietrucha, Joanna Jędrzejczyk-Spaho, Ewa Konduracka, Irena Bzukała, Krzysztof Krawczyk, Olga Kruszelnicka-Kwiatkowska, Jadwiga Nessler
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of syncope induced by head-up tilt test (HUTT) and the type of positive vasovagal response to the orthostatic stress in a relationship to the estimated phase of menstrual cycle (follicular phase, luteal phase) or menopause. METHODS: We observed a cohort of 500 women at age 13-89 years (median of age 37.5), referred to HUTT. Phase of the menstrual cycle was determined on the basis of the usual length of menstrual cycle and the day of the cycle at the time of the study...
September 26, 2016: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503621/first-evidence-of-a-menstruating-rodent-the-spiny-mouse%C3%A2-acomys%C3%A2-cahirinus
#12
Nadia Bellofiore, Stacey J Ellery, Jared Mamrot, David W Walker, Peter Temple-Smith, Hayley Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Advances in research relating to menstruation and associated disorders (eg, endometriosis and premenstrual syndrome) have been hindered by the lack of an appropriate animal model. Menstruation, the cyclical shedding of the decidualized endometrium in the absence of pregnancy, is believed to be limited to 78 higher-order primates (human beings and Old World monkeys), 4 species of bat, and the elephant shrew. This represents only 1.5% of the known 5502 mammalian species and <0...
January 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419099/the-effect-of-valerian-root-extract-on-the-severity-of-pre-menstrual-syndrome-symptoms
#13
Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Elham Rezaei, Roghaieh Shirood Gholami, Masomeh Kheirkhah, Hamid Haghani
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common disorder. Due to the knowledge lack of the precise etiology of this syndrome, different treatment methods are recommended, one of them is the use of medicinal herbs. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Valerian ( xié cǎo) root extract on the intensity of PMS symptoms. In this double-blind clinical trial, 100 female students of Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Mazandaran Province, Iran, with PMS were randomly divided into groups receiving Valerian (scientific name: Valeriana officinalis) and placebo in 2013...
July 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294593/hidradenitis-suppurativa-acne-inversa-an-endocrine-skin-disorder
#14
REVIEW
Ioannis Karagiannidis, Georgios Nikolakis, Robert Sabat, Christos C Zouboulis
Hidradenitis suppurativa / acne inversa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory, debilitating skin disorder with a largely unknown etiology. However, many observations such as the typical onset of the disease after puberty, the female predominance, the pre-menstrual flare ups and the improvement during pregnancy suggest a contribution of endocrinological factors to the emergence of the disease. In addition, the reported efficacy of anti-androgen treatment on HS indicates a possible involvement of androgens in the pathogenesis...
September 2016: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27223366/gps-unsure-on-treatment-of-pre-menstrual-syndrome
#15
(no author information available yet)
More than 50 per cent of family doctors have difficulty treating women with pre-menstrual syndrome, a new survey revealed last week.
August 12, 1989: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175282/the-feasibility-of-progressive-resistance-training-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Lisa Vizza, Caroline A Smith, Soji Swaraj, Kingsley Agho, Birinder S Cheema
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility of executing a randomized controlled trial of progressive resistance training (PRT) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Women with PCOS were randomized to an experimental (PRT) group or a no-exercise (usual care) control group. The PRT group was prescribed two supervised and two unsupervised (home-based) training sessions per week for 12 weeks. Feasibility outcomes included recruitment and attrition, adherence, adverse events, and completion of assessments...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087540/effect-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-bariatric-surgery-induced-weight-loss-on-serum-amh-levels-in-reproductive-aged-women
#17
Shilpa Bhandari, Ishita Ganguly, Mohit Bhandari, Pallavi Agarwal, Aparna Singh, Nitika Gupta, Arun Mishra
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the change in serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels in patients with morbid obesity undergoing bariatric surgery for weight loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 75 patients of reproductive age (20-35 years) undergoing bariatric surgery for morbid obesity were followed up after six months to determine the changes in weight, Body Mass Index (BMI), menstrual pattern and serum AMH. The results were further studied on basis of pre operative classification of patients in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and non-PCOS group...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26982384/effectiveness-of-estrogen-treatment-before-transcervical-resection-of-adhesions-on-moderate-and-severe-uterine-adhesion-patients
#18
Ai-Zhen Liu, Hong-Guo Zhao, Ying Gao, Ming Liu, Bao-Zhi Guo
Intrauterine adhesion (IUA), also known as Asherman's syndrome, is a common disease for among women. The extent of adhesion and pre-surgery hormone therapy greatly affects the function of uterine cavity. This current study investigates the association of different doses of estrogen before transcervical resection of adhesions (TCRA) surgery and clinical outcome in serious IUA. About 120 newly diagnostic serious IUA patients who underwent TCRA were randomly divided into three study groups: Estradiol valerate (progynova) 3 or 9 mg per diet before surgery and the control group...
September 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742674/sleep-disorders-in-menopause-results-from-an-italian-multicentric-study
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Monica Fabbrini, Irene AricÃ, Francesco Tramonti, Rosaria Condurso, Luca Carnicelli, Anna De Rosa, Caterina Di Perri, Maria Rosaria Bonsignore, Anna Zito, Giovanna Russo, Maria Giovanna Pagliarulo, Biancamaria Guarnieri, Gianluigi Cerroni, Gianfranco Mennuni, Giacomo Della Marca, Enrica Bonanni, Rosalia Silvestri
Menopause in the female life cycle is a special period due to important hormonal, physical and psychological changes. Sleep disruption represents a common complaint for midlife and menopausal women, related to primary sleep disorders, including insomnia, sleep disordered breathing, restless legs syndrome (RLS), mood and anxiety disorder, other medical illness, hormonal-related vasomotor symptoms, and aging per se. Aims of our study were to evaluate the prevalence of sleep disorders in a sample of pre and post menopausal women, and to investigate the relationship between sleep and other medical disorders, and life habits...
June 2015: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26718530/the-effect-of-menstrual-issues-on-young-women-with-angelman-syndrome
#20
Alexa P Kaskowitz, Melina Dendrinos, Pamela J Murray, Elisabeth H Quint, Susan Ernst
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To characterize menstrual health issues and their effect in young women with Angelman syndrome (AS). Our secondary objective was to compare them with young women with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). DESIGN: Cross-sectional convenience sample survey. SETTING: An institutional review board-approved Web-based survey of young female members of the Angelman Syndrome Foundation. PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers of young women with AS, aged 12-25 years...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
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