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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755223/study-to-evaluate-the-changes-in-polycystic-ovarian-morphology-after-naturopathic-and-yogic-interventions
#1
M Ezhil Ratnakumari, N Manavalan, D Sathyanath, Y Rosy Ayda, K Reka
Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the commonest endocrine disorders in women, with a prevalence ranging from 2.2% to 26% in India. Patients with PCOS face challenges including irregular menstrual cycles, hirsutism, acne, acanthosis nigricans, obesity and infertility. 9.13% of South Indian adolescent girls are estimated to suffer from PCOS. The efficacy of Yoga & Naturopathy (Y&N) in the management of polycystic ovarian syndrome requires to be investigated...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611008/characteristics-of-menstrual-versus-non-menstrual-migraine-during-pregnancy-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#2
Beáta Éva Petrovski, Kjersti G Vetvik, Christofer Lundqvist, Malin Eberhard-Gran
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common headache disorder that affects mostly women. In half of these, migraine is menstrually associated, and ranges from completely asymptomatic to frequent pain throughout pregnancy. METHODS: The aim of the study was to define the pattern (frequency, intensity, analgesics use) of migrainous headaches among women with and without menstural migraine (MM) during pregnancy, and define how hormonally-related factors affect its intensity. RESULTS: The analysis was based upon data from 280 women, 18...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607913/eldecalcitol-increases-bone-mass-in-patients-with-turner-syndrome-who-have-insufficient-bone-mass-acquisition-after-estrogen-replacement-therapy
#3
Taku Tsuburai, Tomomi Nakamura, Hiromi Yoshikata, Etsuko Miyagi, Hideya Sakakibara
Most patients with Turner syndrome (TS) exhibit amenorrhea due to premature ovarian failure. Therefore, estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) is required; however, even after undergoing ERT, it is not rare for bone mass acquisition to be insufficient. This study was conducted in two stages, involving a cross-sectional and a prospective interventional study. We recruited 52 TS patients undergoing ERT due to amenorrhea (categorized into low (LB group; n = 23), and normal (NB group; n = 29) bone mass groups) and 7 TS patients who maintained ovarian function (spontaneous menstrual cycle group (MC group)) as controls...
March 31, 2018: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500679/bariatric-surgery-improves-hyperandrogenism-menstrual-irregularities-and-metabolic-dysfunction-among-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#4
Jacob P Christ, Tommaso Falcone
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the impact of bariatric surgery on reproductive and metabolic features common to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and to assess the relevance of preoperative evaluations in predicting likelihood of benefit from surgery. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of records from 930 women who had undergone bariatric surgery at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation from 2009 to 2014 was completed. Cases of PCOS were identified from ICD coding and healthy women with pelvic ultrasound evaluations were identified using Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System coding...
March 2, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392847/treatment-of-premenstrual-syndrome-appraising-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-addition-to-calcium-supplement-plus-vitamin-d
#5
Zahra Karimi, Mahnaz Aliakbari Dehkordi, Ahmad Alipour, Tayebeh Mohtashami
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) consists of repetitious physical and psychological symptoms. The symptoms occur during the luteal phase of the menstrual period and cease when the menstrual period starts. This study included pre-test and post-test experiments between a control group and a test group. The statistical population involved 40 females, chosen based on multistage cluster sampling. The participants were then divided into four groups to undergo treatment with calcium supplement plus vitamin D together with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and were screened with the Premenstrual Syndrome Screening Test (PSST)...
March 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357841/study-on-the-persistence-of-zika-virus-zikv-in-body-fluids-of-patients-with-zikv-infection-in-brazil
#6
Guilherme Amaral Calvet, Edna Oliveira Kara, Silvana Pereira Giozza, Camila Helena Aguiar Bôtto-Menezes, Philippe Gaillard, Rafael Freitas de Oliveira Franca, Marcus Vinicius Guimarães de Lacerda, Marcia da Costa Castilho, Patrícia Brasil, Patrícia Carvalho de Sequeira, Maeve Brito de Mello, Ximena Pamela Diaz Bermudez, Kayvon Modjarrad, Robyn Meurant, Sihem Landoulsi, Adele Schwartz Benzaken, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis, Nathalie Jeanne Nicole Broutet
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) has been identified in several body fluids of infected individuals. In most cases, it remained detected in blood from few days to 1 week after the onset of symptoms, and can persist longer in urine and in semen. ZIKV infection can have dramatic consequences such as microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. ZIKV sexual transmission has been documented. A better understanding of ZIKV presence and persistence across biologic compartments is needed to devise rational measures to prevent its transmission...
January 22, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222886/salivary-cariogenic-bacteria-counts-are-associated-with-obesity-in-student-women-at-a-malaysian-university
#7
Wey-Zheng Yeo, Sheng-Pei Lim, Yee-How Say
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The counts of cariogenic bacteria lactobacilli and mutans streptococci have been studied and correlated with sugar intake. This study was to investigate the association between salivary lactobacilli and mutans streptococci counts with sweet food eating behavior and sweet sensitivity among 120 Malaysian women (101 ethnic Chinese, 19 ethnic Indians), while taking into account anthropometric and menstruation variables. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Demographics, anthropometric measurements and menstrual history were taken...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121350/individualized-fsh-dosing-based-on-ovarian-reserve-testing-in-women-starting-ivf-icsi-a-multicentre-trial-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#8
Theodora C van Tilborg, Simone C Oudshoorn, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Monique H Mochtar, Ron J T van Golde, Annemieke Hoek, Walter K H Kuchenbecker, Kathrin Fleischer, Jan Peter de Bruin, Henk Groen, Madelon van Wely, Cornelis B Lambalk, Joop S E Laven, Ben Willem J Mol, Frank J M Broekmans, Helen L Torrance
STUDY QUESTION: Is there a difference in live birth rate and/or cost-effectiveness between antral follicle count (AFC)-based individualized FSH dosing or standard FSH dosing in women starting IVF or ICSI treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: In women initiating IVF/ICSI, AFC-based individualized FSH dosing does not improve live birth rates or reduce costs as compared to a standard FSH dose. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In IVF or ICSI, ovarian reserve testing is often used to adjust the FSH dose in order to normalize ovarian response and optimize live birth rates...
December 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121269/individualized-versus-standard-fsh-dosing-in-women-starting-ivf-icsi-an-rct-part-2-the-predicted-hyper-responder
#9
Simone C Oudshoorn, Theodora C van Tilborg, Marinus J C Eijkemans, G Jur E Oosterhuis, Jaap Friederich, Marcel H A van Hooff, Evert J P van Santbrink, Egbert A Brinkhuis, Jesper M J Smeenk, Janet Kwee, Corry H de Koning, Henk Groen, Cornelis B Lambalk, Ben Willem J Mol, Frank J M Broekmans, Helen L Torrance
STUDY QUESTION: Does a reduced FSH dose in women with a predicted hyper response, apparent from a high antral follicle count (AFC), who are scheduled for IVF/ICSI lead to a different outcome with respect to cumulative live birth rate and safety? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although in women with a predicted hyper response (AFC > 15) undergoing IVF/ICSI a reduced FSH dose (100 IU per day) results in similar cumulative live birth rates and a lower occurrence of any grade of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) as compared to a standard dose (150 IU/day), a higher first cycle cancellation rate and similar severe OHSS rate were observed...
December 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075170/correlation-of-hba-1c-levels-with-body-mass-index-in-newly-diagnosed-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#10
Manju Bala, Meenakshi, Menaka K, Anjali Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous, multisystem endocrinopathy in women of reproductive age manifested with various metabolic disturbances and a wide spectrum of clinical features such as obesity, menstrual abnormalities and hyperandrogenism. Hyperinsulinemia was noted in 50% to 70% of PCOS patients and plays a central role in the development of further complications. The prevalence of obesity in PCOS ranges from 38% to 87%. It has been reported in previous studies that the prevalence of insulin resistance (IR) is higher in obese PCOS women than obesity without PCOS...
October 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903472/gnrh-antagonist-versus-long-agonist-protocols-in-ivf-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-accounting-for-patient-type
#11
REVIEW
C B Lambalk, F R Banga, J A Huirne, M Toftager, A Pinborg, R Homburg, F van der Veen, M van Wely
BACKGROUND: Most reviews of IVF ovarian stimulation protocols have insufficiently accounted for various patient populations, such as ovulatory women, women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or women with poor ovarian response, and have included studies in which the agonist or antagonist was not the only variable between the compared study arms. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The aim of the current study was to compare GnRH antagonist protocols versus standard long agonist protocols in couples undergoing IVF or ICSI, while accounting for various patient populations and treatment schedules...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847026/relationship-between-anxiety-and-interleukin-10-in-female-soccer-players-with-and-without-premenstrual-syndrome-pms
#12
Roberta Foster, Mauro Vaisberg, Maíta Poli de Araújo, Marcia Aparecida Martins, Tiago Capel, Andre Luis Lacerda Bachi, Zsuzsanna Ilona Katalin de Jármy-Di Bella
Objective To investigate the level of anxiety and its relationship with interleukin (IL)-10 (anti inflammatory cytokine that modulates mood swings) in a group of female soccer players. Methods Fifty-two eumenorrheic soccer players were evaluated (age 19.8 ± 4.7 years). The presence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and phases of the menstrual cycle were determined by a daily symptom report (DSR) kept for 3 consecutive months. The concentration of cytokine IL-10 was determined from urine samples collected at four moments: at the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle, and before (pre) and after (post) the simulated game, and it was quantified by flow cytometry (Luminex xMAP - EMD Millipore, Billerica, MA, USA)...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789706/small-leucine-rich-proteoglycans-slrps-in-the-endometrium-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-women-a-pilot-study
#13
Ricardo Santos Simões, José Maria Soares, Manuel J Simões, Helena B Nader, Maria Cândida P Baracat, Gustavo Arantes R Maciel, Paulo C Serafini, Ricardo Azziz, Edmund C Baracat
BACKGROUND: Small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs) play an important role in tissue homeostasis and cell proliferation since these proteoglycans sequester multiple growth factors. However, the content of SLRPs in the endometrium of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women is unknown. Our purpose was to test the hypothesis that excessive endometrial proliferation in PCOS may be partly related to abnormalities in SLRPs. METHODS: In a cross section study a total of 20 endometrial samples were collected from 10 patients with PCOS and 10 ovulatory women during their proliferative (pre-ovulatory) phase...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760794/comparison-of-a-freeze-all-strategy-including-gnrh-agonist-trigger-versus-a-fresh-transfer-strategy-including-hcg-trigger-in-assisted-reproductive-technology-art-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sacha Stormlund, Kristine Løssl, Anne Zedeler, Jeanette Bogstad, Lisbeth Prætorius, Henriette Svarre Nielsen, Mona Bungum, Sven O Skouby, Anne Lis Mikkelsen, Anders Nyboe Andersen, Christina Bergh, Peter Humaidan, Anja Pinborg
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy rates after frozen embryo transfer (FET) have improved in recent years and are now approaching or even exceeding those obtained after fresh embryo transfer. This is partly due to improved laboratory techniques, but may also be caused by a more physiological hormonal and endometrial environment in FET cycles. Furthermore, the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is practically eliminated in segmentation cycles followed by FET and the use of natural cycles in FETs may be beneficial for the postimplantational conditions of fetal development...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551304/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-understanding-the-role-of-the-brain
#15
REVIEW
Aleisha M Moore, Rebecca E Campbell
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent endocrine disorder and the leading cause of anovulatory infertility. Characterised by hyperandrogenism, menstrual dysfunction and polycystic ovaries, PCOS is a broad-spectrum disorder unlikely to stem from a single common origin. Although commonly considered an ovarian disease, the brain is now a prime suspect in both the ontogeny and pathology of PCOS. We discuss here the neuroendocrine impairments present in PCOS that implicate involvement of the brain and review evidence gained from pre-clinical models of the syndrome about the specific brain circuitry involved...
July 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530481/hormone-replacement-therapy-in-pre-menopausal-women-undergoing-bilateral-salpingo-oophorectomy-for-benign-disease-a-review-of-practice
#16
Alison Richardson, Emily West, Mike Cust
Introduction The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline on the diagnosis and management of the menopause states that women who are likely to go through the menopause as a result of surgical treatment should be offered information about the menopause and the importance of starting hormonal replacement therapy before they have their treatment. Objectives To determine compliance with NICE guidelines at the Royal Derby Hospital. Study design We undertook a retrospective review of all pre-menopausal women undergoing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for benign pathology between 1 January 2016 and 30 June 2016...
January 1, 2017: Post Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498002/an-observation-study-of-the-clinical-evaluation-of-symptom-relief-and-side-effects-associated-with-taking-ulipristal-acetate-esmya-including-its-effect-on-pre-menstrual-syndrome
#17
Bee F Chen, Martin C Powell, Courtney O'Beirne
This was an observational study investigating the efficacy and side effects associated with ulipristal acetate (UPA), a progesterone receptor modulator, and the possible benefits to women who have co-existing pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS). 80 women returned a questionnaire on the bleeding, menstrual pain and side effects, and changes on PMS were recorded. 67 women (84%) showed improvement in their menses. 54 women (67%) became amenorrhoeic. Of those, 67% were within 10 days of commencing UPA. Menses returned in 33 amenorrhoeic women within 4 weeks of stopping UPA...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486593/prevalence-of-obesity-associated-gonadal-dysfunction-in-severely-obese-men-and-women-and-its-resolution-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Hector F Escobar-Morreale, Elisa Santacruz, Manuel Luque-Ramírez, José I Botella Carretero
BACKGROUND: Sexual dimorphism manifests noticeably in obesity-associated gonadal dysfunction. In women, obesity is associated with androgen excess disorders, mostly the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), whereas androgen deficiency is frequently present in obese men in what has been termed as male obesity-associated secondary hypogonadism (MOSH). Obesity-associated gonadal dysfunction, consisting of PCOS in women and MOSH in men, is a frequent finding in patients with severe obesity and it may be ameliorated or even resolve with marked weight loss, especially after bariatric surgery...
July 1, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412862/impact-of-transvaginal-hydrolaparoscopy-ovarian-drilling-on-ovarian-stromal-blood-flow-and-ovarian-volume-in-clomiphene-citrate-resistant-pcos-patients-a-case-control-study
#19
Pierluigi Giampaolino, Ilaria Morra, Nicoletta De Rosa, Angelo Cagnacci, Massimiliano Pellicano, Costantino Di Carlo, Carmine Nappi, Giuseppe Bifulco
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in gynecology. In PCOS patients vascularization parameters are altered. Transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) is a mini-invasive approach for ovarian drilling in PCOS patients. In this study, we assessed the effect of ovarian drilling using THL on ovarian volume (OV) and vascularization index (VI) using 3D power Doppler ultrasonography in CC-resistant PCOS patients. A case-control study on 123 CC-resistant PCOS women who underwent THL ovarian drilling was performed...
September 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333235/ovarian-hormones-and-obesity
#20
REVIEW
Brigitte Leeners, Nori Geary, Philippe N Tobler, Lori Asarian
BACKGROUND: Obesity is caused by an imbalance between energy intake, i.e. eating and energy expenditure (EE). Severe obesity is more prevalent in women than men worldwide, and obesity pathophysiology and the resultant obesity-related disease risks differ in women and men. The underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Pre-clinical and clinical research indicate that ovarian hormones may play a major role. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: We systematically reviewed the clinical and pre-clinical literature on the effects of ovarian hormones on the physiology of adipose tissue (AT) and the regulation of AT mass by energy intake and EE...
May 1, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
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